[Letter] 1832 Jan. 9, Winns Ferry, [Georgia] to Wilson Lumpkin, Governor of Georgia, Milledgeville / John Coffee

Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842
[Letter] 1832 Jan. 9, Winns Ferry, [Georgia] to Wilson Lumpkin, Governor of Georgia, Milledgeville / John Coffee
Coffee, John, 1782-1836
Date of Original:
Cherokee Indians--Land tenure
Cherokee Indians--Claims against
United States, Georgia, 32.75042, -83.50018
letters (correspondence)
This is a letter dated January 9, 1832 from John Coffee at Winns Ferry on the Chattahoochee River to Wilson Lumpkin, Governor of Georgia (1831-1835), informing the governor that he has just arrived there and that he has already received numerous complaints about Indians in the area. He asks the governor's advice on one case in particular that concerns a white man who rented land from an Indian man. While he was renting the land, the white tenant added acreage to the land and, at the termination of his lease, the Indian took back all of the lands, including that added by his white tenant. The white man hired a lawyer who has in turn consulted Coffee.
Digital image and encoded transcription of an original manuscript, scanned, transcribed and encoded by the Digital Library of Georgia in 2001, as part of GALILEO, funded in part by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Local Identifier:
Metadata URL:
Digital Object URL:
Bibliographic Citation (Cite As):
Cite as: [title of item], Telamon Cuyler, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia
4 pages/leaves
Original Collection:
Manuscript held by the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries, Telamon Cuyler, box 01, folder 46, document 04.
Holding Institution:
Hargrett Library

Page: [1]

Winns Ferry, Chattahuchee
Jany [January] 9th 1832.
Dear Sir;
I arrived at this place at 12 oclock yesterday and found it impossible to cross the river. It is yet verry [very] high but expect to cross over by 12 or 1 Oclock to day. severil [several] persons have already made complaints against the Indians. As I have not yet had an opportunity to examine the laws, and my instructions fully, I beg leave to present a case to you for your directions; this I do under the impression that it is not clearly defined, either in the law, or my instructions. It is this: An Indian took possession of an improvement that had been abandoned, and rented it to [added text: a ] white man; the man took the othe [oath] required by the law, and obtained the agents permit; he planted the land, and made an additional improvement

Page: [2]
of fifteen or twenty acres, at the end of the year he paid his rent and gave up the ground rented (8 acres) the Indian claimed the new land, took the othe [oath] necessary to obtain the aid of the shff [sheriff] to give him possession. When the shff [sheriff] and the Indian arrived the man (rather than have his family turned out of doors) gave his Land & security to deliver up the place before the day of renting. he has consulted a lawyer, and he has directed him to me. I have neglected to mention that this improvement is enclosed by to town, or neighbourhood [neighborhood] fence made for the purpose of keeping the cattle off of the make sick vally X. you will parden [pardon] me for giving you, perhaps, unnecessary trouble, but my great desire to do nothing but what will promote the interest of the state I know will be a sufficient apology.

I have the honor to be verry [very] respectfully your excellencys Obdt Servt [Obedient Servant]
[Signed] Jno [John] Coffee
To his Excelency [Excellency] Wilson Lumpkin Milledgeville

Page: [3]

Please write by return mail & direct to Lawrenceville Gwinnett County
[Signed] J. C. [John Coffee]

X The vally [valley] of the Chattahuchee in this neighbourhood [neighborhood] produces some kind of vegetable which the cattle eat, and [added text: it ] makes the milk pisonous [poisonous] .

Page: [4]

[ Note: A postmark appears in the upper left of this page.; ATHENS Ga
JAN 10 ] 10 To Wilson Lumpkin Governor of Georgia Milledgeville

John Coffee

9 Jany [January] 1832
Cherokee Gold Mines