- "Integrated in All Respects": Ed Friend's Highlander Folk School Films and the Politics of Segregation
- Ed Friend's Highlander Folk School film, 1957: Part 2
- Friend, Ed, 1912-1991
- Date of Original:
African American civil rights workers--Tennessee--Monteagle
African American clergy--Tennessee--Monteagle
African American men--Tennessee--Monteagle
African American women--Tennessee--Monteagle
African Americans--Politics and government
Blue collar workers--Tennessee--Monteagle
Civil rights movements--Tennessee--Monteagle
Civil rights workers--Tennessee--Monteagle
Monteagle (Tenn.)--Race relations--History--20th century
Southern Christian Leadership Conference--Employees
Georgia Commission on Education
Southern Farm and Home (Magazine)--Employees
United Packing House Workers of America--Employees
Highlander Folk School (Monteagle, Tenn.)--Anniversaries, etc.
Highlander Folk School (Monteagle, Tenn.)
Daily worker (Harlem, N.Y.)
Findlay Street Neighborhood House (Cincinnati, Ohio)--Employees
- Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990
Harris, Roy Vincent, 1895-1985
Horton, Myles, 1905-1990
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968
Williams, Aubrey Willis, 1890-1965
Friend, Ed, 1912-1991
Gomillion, Charles G. (Charles Goode), 1900-
Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005
Berry, Abner W., 1902-1987
Seeger, Pete, 1919-
Walden, A. T. (Austin Thomas), 1885-1965
McCrackin, Maurice, 1905-1997
- United States, Tennessee, Marion County, Monteagle, 35.2400807, -85.8396979
United States, Tennessee, Grundy County, 35.3883667, -85.7225824
United States, Georgia, 32.75042, -83.50018
- unedited footage
- In this silent film taken by Ed Friend for the Georgia Commission on Education at the Highlander Folk School in Monteagle, Tennessee in September 1957, groups of white and African American men and women leave the Highlander Folk School library; an interracial group swims in a pond; and still photos show more integration at the school's twenty-fifth anniversary celebration. The film is in two parts; the first section, shot in color, shows the swimmers and the library and the second section shows black-and-white still photos taken by Friend.
Part two of the film consists of about twenty black-and-white still photos taken during the weekend celebration; many of the pictures in the film correspond to pictures in the broadside published by the Georgia Commission on Education. The first two pictures, duplicated on the second page of the broadside, show an African American man and a white woman apparently dancing and reaching around each other to clap their hands. The next image is of an integrated group of dancers. One of the men identified in the image is Harry Schneiderman from Chicago whose wife was from Atlanta. The next two images show integrated groups of dancers, some holding hands. Another image duplicated on page two of the broadside shows an integrated audience, apparently listening to a speaker. Individuals identified in the image include Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Abner W. Berry, Aubrey Williams, Rosa Parks, and Myles Horton, founder of the Highlander Folk School. An image of Ralph Helstein and Abner W. Berry, from page three of the broadside, shows the two men as they speak to a few people gathered around them. Helstein, at the time of the Highlander anniversary, was president of the United Packing House Workers of America. The next two images show people standing behind a curtain and an African American man holding what seem to be note cards as he stands near the curtain. Next, an African American man who wears a uniform stands behind two white women. The following photograph depicts white women serving African American men who are seated at a table. A close-up of Myles Horton, director of Highlander Folk School, follows a picture of an interracial group. The Horton picture is also printed on the first page of the Georgia Commission on Education broadside. Pictures of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Aubrey Williams, included on the second page of the broadside, are also in the clip. An African American man, possibly Atlanta activist and lawyer A. T. Walden, and a white man sit on a stage together. Interspersed with repeating images of an audience and the dancers clapping from the beginning of the section is a picture of Dr. King speaking with an unidentified white man. The section ends with an image of books and papers sitting on a table; one advertises the causes of World War Three.
Myles Horton and Don West began the Highlander Folk School in 1932 as an adult education center to teach the principles of self-organization and governance. During the 1930s and through the first part of the 1950s, the school focused on helping labor unions organize; about the time of the 1954 Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court decision, the school's focus turned toward civil rights and integration. The school developed programs to teach literacy and help citizens prepare to register to vote through its citizenship schools. It was influential in training volunteers for the 1964 Freedom Summer in Mississippi. Long accused of communist connections, Highlander was shut down by the Tennessee state government in 1961. The school then moved to its current location in Knoxville, Tennessee as the Highlander Research and Education Center.
Title provided by cataloger.
"Integrated in All Respects" is a project of the Digital Library of Georgia in association with the Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies and the Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection.
- Metadata URL:
- Digital Object URL:
- Bibliographic Citation (Cite As):
- Cite as: Ed Friend's Highlander Folk School film, Ed Friend visual materials, 1918-1990, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia, Athens, as presented in the Digital Library of Georgia.
- 1.0 moving image 2 minutes
- Original Collection:
- From the Ed Friend visual materials, 1918-1990, Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies, University of Georgia, Athens, Ga.
- Holding Institution:
- Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies