- Transcripts of the Earl of Egmont papers
- Letters to Georgia, v. 14213, 1742 June-1743 May
- Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
- Date of Original:
- Causton, Thomas, 1692-ca. 1745--Correspondence
Christie, Thomas, fl. 1733-1742--Correspondence
Martryn, Benjamin, 1699-1763--Correspondence
Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785--Correspondence
Perceval, John, Earl, 1683-1748--Correspondence
Fort Frederica (Ga.)
Georgia--Politics and government--To 1775
Georgia--Social life and customs--To 1775
Indians of North America--Georgia
- United States, Georgia, Glynn County, Saint Simons Island, 31.15051, -81.36954
United States, Georgia, Chatham County, Savannah, 32.08354, -81.09983
papers (document genre)
- Metadata URL:
- Digital Object URL:
- Original Collection:
- Box 6, Volume 14213, Transcripts of Earl of Egmont papers, ms1786, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.
- Holding Institution:
- Hargrett Library
Letters to Georgia, Volume 14213, 1742 June-1743 May
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to His Excellency General Oglethorpe, dated June 11th. 1742.
In the Trustees last Letter dated 24th. March 1741, You were
acquainted of the Surprize [sic] their Petition to Parliament met with.
They since that applied to the King, and represented the Necessities of
the People; And in Order to resume the Consideration of the House of
Commons, moved for a Copy of their Memorial to the King to be laid
before the House, which was accordingly done; And herewith You have a
On the 30th. of the same month, Thomas Stephens petitioned the
King in Council for redressing the Grievances and Discouragements the
People of Georgia laboured [sic] under, and which the Trustees, though applied to, had not done; And produced an Authority from some of the Inhabitants for that purpose. Which Petition was referred the 1st. of April last to the Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs, and a Copy thereof the 12th. of the same month was sent to the Trustees for their Answer, which they gave in the 3d. of May.
Pending which Application, vizt. On 30th. April last,
the said Thomas Stephens petitioned the House of Commons, whereon three
solemn Hearings have been at the Bar of the whole House, and only the
Petitioners Allegations are yet gone through; But herewith You have
Copies of his said Petition, his Appointments and Instructions, and of Mr. Kenn's Notes of the whole Proceedings. And on the 15th. instant, the Trustees are to be heard by their Council Mr. Lloyd and Mr. Murray; against the said Petition, Herewith You have a (2) Copy of a most infamous Libel, intitled [sic] "the hard Case of the distressed People of Georgia," delivered at the Door of the House of Commons, and dated and signed by the said Thomas Stephens; For which there is not the least Doubt, but he will meet with his Deserts.
The Result of all which you will be acquainted of by this Ship,
if she remains in the Channel long enough; But by the next Opportunity that offers you may be assured thereof. The Trustees now have had their share of Trouble for endeavouring [sic] to do the Publick [sic] Service, by preserving the Colony hitherto under the Regulations they judged most proper, to fulfill the gracious Intent of His Majesty's Charter; and stand accused for so doing, by a Sett [sic] of People prompted by contrary and selfish Views to become Proprietors of the Colony, not in Trust for the Good of others, but for their own immediate Advantage; Which when made appear to the House, the Sense of the House will be known, relating to the present Method of establishing the Colony, to answer the publick [sic] Benefits thereof; The Importance of it having been sufficiently made
appear. I am Sir
(3) Resolutions of the Committee of the house of Commons on Thursday
24 June 1742
That it is the Opinion of this Committee that the Province of
Georgia in America by reason of its Situation may be an [sic]
usefull [sic] Barrier to the British Provinces on the Continent of America against the French and Spaniards, and the Indian Nations in their Interests.
That it is the Opinion of this Committee That the Ports and
Harbours [sic] within the said Province may he a great Security to the Trade and Navigation of this Kingdom.
That it is the Opinion of this Committee That the said Province
by reason of the Fertility of the Soil, the Healthfullness [sic] of the Climate, and the Convenience of the Rivers, is a proper Place for establishing a Settlement, and may contribute greatly to the encreasing [sic] of the Trade of this Kingdom.
That it is the Opinion of this Committee That it is very necessary and advantageous to this Nation that the Colony of Georgia should
be preserved and Supported.
That it is the Opinion of this Committee That it will he an
advantage to the Colony of (4) Georgia to permit the Importation of Rum, into the said Colony from any of the other British Colonies,
That it is the Opinion of this Committee That the Petition of
Thomas Stephens contains false Scandalous and Malicious Charges,
tending to asperse the Characters of the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America.
London 24 June 1742
Enclosed I Send yr. Lordship the Resolutions of the Comittee [sic]
this day: another was offered in favour [sic] of the past and future
Adventurers that their Tenures Should he granted in Fee Simple, and
only 3 Shillings paid for every 100 Acres and also that no Adventurer
Shoul [sic] possess more than 2000 acres, but tho the Trustees seem'd to agree to it. Yet as it was thought proper for them to apply to his Majy. on these changes, this Resolution was postponed.
The chief and main debate was whether the use of Negroes Should be
allow'd or not which was carry'd in the Negative by 35 agst. l8.
The Censure on Mr. Stephens met with no opposition, and as to the
Trustees many compliments were past [sic] on them, without any one Reflection.
The Report of these resolutions is to he made to the house on Monday
(Pages 5 through 8 comprise printed material which has not been copied.)
Queens Square Westminster
Monday 12 July 1742
Mr. Eyre President
That an Act to repeal so much of an Act made in the 8th. year of
the Reign of his present Majesty intitled [sic] an Act to prevent the Importation and use of Rum and Brandies in the province of Georgia as prohibits the Importation of Rum into the said province from the other British Colonys [sic] be prepared in Order to he laid before his Majesty in Council
That Special Summons he sent to the Trustees in order to consider
the said Act to meet on Wednesday the 14th. of this Instant July.
That it he recommended to the Consideration of the Common Council
that all persons who have carried Servants and settled in Georgia at
their own Expence [sic] and shall claim the Benefit of the Resolutions of the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America in Common Council assembled upon the eighth day of March 1741 relating to the Grants and Tenure of Lands within the said Colony should have Grants of their Lands in Reversion after the Several Interests therein shall cease to hold in Fee to them and their Heirs for ever, and that the yearly Rent payable for the said Lands shall he no more than Shillings sterling for every hundred Acres.
That it be recommended to the Consideration of the Common Council
that the Grants of Land which shall he hereafter made in the Province of Georgia to persons who shall carry Servants and Settle there at their own Expence [sic] be in fee Simple, And that the yearly rent to be reserved in such Grants he after the rate of [ ] Shillings sterling for every hundred Acres. And that the Conditions or Causes of Forfeiture be only for non payment of the Rent Reserved; or for not fencing and inclosing the said Lands, or for not clearing planting and cultivating one eighth part of the same within ten years from the date of such Grants respectively. And that such parts only of the Land he forfeited as shall not have been cultivated within that time.
That it he recommended to the Consideration of the Common Council
That to prevent the Inconveniencies [sic] which may arise from great Tracts of Land being Monopolised [sic] in the Province of Georgia No person shall be capable of having or enjoying a greater quantity of Lands or Tenements at one and the same time than two thousand Acres; with a proviso that in Case any person shall by Devise or Limitation become entitled to more than two thousand Acres of Land in the said province; It shall be Lawfull [sic] for such person to sell or alien bona fide and upon a valuable Consideration and under the same conditions of Cultivation to any person or persons the same at any time within two years after that he shall have been so entitled thereunto; and in default of disposing thereof as aforesaid the last Accession of the said lands so exceeding two thousand Acres shall be forfeited.
Read a Letter from Mr. Henry Newman Secretary to the Society for
promoting Christian knowledge with an Inclosed Extract of a Letter from
the Revd. Mr. Martin Bolzius at Ebenezer in Georgia, dat. March 15th.
1742 Requesting the Assistance of the Trustees and their other Benefactors in Europe to build a Small House for Divine Service at what they call the plantations, and also to Support a Schoolmaster for Instructing the Children.
That the same be recommended to the Consideration of the Common Council
Queens Square Westminster
Wednesday July l4 1742
Mr. Henry Archer President
Read an Act to repeal so much of an Act made in the eighth year of the Reign of his present Majesty intitled [sic] An Act to prevent the Importation and use of Rum and Brandies in the province of Georgia, as prohibits the importation of Rum into the said province from the other British Colonies.
That the said Act be engross'd which being engross'd
That the Seal of the Corporation he affixed to the said. Act.
Read a Petition to his Majesty in Council setting forth that in a Late Examination before the house of Commons, in which the Utility of the province of Georgia and the advantage and necessity of Supporting it were fully made out to the Satisfaction of the House, It
did by the Resolutions and in the debates thereon appear to be the
sense of the house (as the Trustees conceived) that there were some
further Encouragemts. [sic] still wanting for the effectual settling
this usefull [sic] Colony; and particularly that the releasing of the Quit rents to the Trustees for the Benefit of the said Colony to the end that the Lands there may be granted on Cheaper terms, and that the permitting the Importation of Rum from his Majesties Colonies in Exchange for timber commonly call'd Lumber and other Produces of Georgia would greatly tend to the Increase Welfare and Improvemt.[sic] of the said Colony. And therefore the Trustees Rumbly presume in behalf of the said Colony to beseech his Majesty that he would be graciously pleased to release to them the said Quit Rents, in order that they may be enabled to lessen and reduce the same in the Respective Grants of Lands there and to apply the Residue thereof for the Benefit of the said Colony. And that the Trustees have further presumed to lay before his Majesty An Act herewith presented
Intitled [sic] an Act to repeal so much of An Act made in the Eighth
year of the Reign of his present Majesty Intitled [sic] An Act to prevent the Importation and use of Rum and Brandies in the province of Georgia as prohibits the Importation of Rum into the said province from the other British Colonies
That the Seal of the Corporation Be affixed to the said petition
Which was affix'd accordingly
That the Secretary do countersign the same.
That an Instruction Be sent to Wm. Stephens Esqr. that he do
make an Inquiry among the people of the province whether it's
their opinion in general That it is proper to admit the use and introduction of Negroes in the said province. And that he do as soon as he can certify their Opinion and his own how far it may Be proper under any, and under what Limitations and Restrictions.
That a Committee Be appointed to consider how far it may be convenient or proper to admit the introduction and use of Negroes in the province of Georgia and under what Limitations and Restrictions
That any five of the Common Council be the said Committee
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Benjamin Martyn to Thomas Corbett Esqr. dated
July 15th, 1742.
The inclosed Memorial of Joseph Avery having been presented this
day to the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America; They have ordered me to desire You'll lay it "before the Lords Commissioners for executing the Office of High Admiral, as the Subject Matter of it brings it more properly under their Lordship's Consideration.
Though the Trustees are sensible, that the building a Dock Yard, as
proposed in the Memorial, would be of great Service to the Colony;
Their Lordships are the best Judges how far it may be of Use to the
Nation, and the Navigation in those Seas, and by what Means it may best be carried into Execution. I am Sir
To the Honourable [sic] the Trustees for establishing
the Colony of Georgia in America.
The Memorial of Joseph Avery
Humbly Sheweth [sic]
That Your Memorialist having been employed by your Honours,[sic] to
survey the North part of the Province of Georgia about the months of
September and October 1741, discovered and sounded a large River called Great Ogeeche,[sic] and begs Leave to offer to your Consideration the great Importance to the Colony and the British Nation, of having Dock Yards and Settlements upon the said River.
This River is near the middle of the Province, it is capacious
enough to receive some hundred Sail of large Ships from 70 Guns downward, which may be land locked, and ride secure from the Worms; And the Entrance into the River is at all times safe, there being upon the Barr at low Water three fathom and half.
The Advantage of having Ships of War there will fully appear, by
their being so near to the Gulph [sic] (Stream) of Mexico; So that they will be at hand, not only to disturb the Spaniards in their Passage that Way, but will he a constant Check upon the Spanish Privateers from the Havannah [sic] and Augustine; Who have very much interrupted our Trade and Commerce from the Northern Colonies to the West Indies and other Places, and will contribute very much to the Disappointment of the French in their extensive Projects in America.
As in Order to have Ships ready upon all Occasions, either
publick [sic]or private, Dock Yards for building and fitting them out would he extreamly [sic] usefull;[sic] Conveniences necessary for this are very great; For the Country about this River abounds with vast Variety, and Plenty of live Oak very fit for Timbers, Knees, Standards for any of our largest Ships of War, and others; And also with Plenty of White Oak, Beach, Yellow Firr, [sic] & several other kind of good Timber fit for building Ships, and other Uses: And the Land about it is so good as to be commodious for a great Number of Settlements.
As a Dock Yard with a proper Number of Hands might be of
publick [sic] Service for repairing and refitting any of His Majesty's Ships or others, when they meet with Accidents in those Seas; It is more necessary here, because there is not in either of the Carolina any regular well appointed Building Yards with Hands and Directions to carry on such Work: So that when any thing is to he done there in fitting and repairing of Ships, for want of such Conveniencies [sic] it is attended with a vast Trouble and Expence [sic]to the Employer.
Your Memorialist therefore having "been "bred in the Navy to Ship
Building, and having been a Merchant in Timber, proposes to set up a
Building Yard with Docks for that purpose; And as the having a proper
Body of Workmen to carry it on will be the greatest Difficulty, he proposes to carry from Great Britain, Boys about 15 or l6 Years of Age, to be trained up and bred that Way as Apprentices; And that some should be sent afterwards every Year, or as there may be a Call to encrease [sic] the Number.
All which your Memorialist Rumbly submits to your
July 15th. 1742.
My letter to Mr, Verelts
Tunbridge 15 July 1742
I cannot flatter my Self with such Sanguine hopes of the Colony
as you do, the Labour of toiling up hill, removing Prejudices defending further attacks and Calumnies will still be the Trustees Portion and the out crys of our own best disposed people will grieve their hearts. What can be expected from a Parliament that refused so small a Sum as was asked, immediatly [sic] after voting the Colony deserved to he Supported: The Reason given for not addressing the King was all pretence, [sic] and it is plain to me, that by being supported, they meant some other way than by
Granting money. You see the Crown and Ministry are quite Indifferent to the Colony to say the best, they chose to hazard the loss of it by a total desertion of the Inhabitants rather than countenance the Grant of 6000 by the only method could be taken which yet was too small a Sum.
You are not to expect more next year, and now instead of having money
before hand whereby the Trustees were enabled to promise Encouragements make good their weekly payments as well as answer unforeseen expences,[sic] they will be perpetually flung in Arrear and into debt. As to Col. Stephens having 1900 [pounds] in Sola Bills unissued in Jany. last and 2000 [pounds] sent since, it is far from defraying the necessary expences [sic]till next Jany. for there is due to Frederica what was estimated for that Division, last year which must be paid as soon as the Accts. for that Country are
returned to Col. Stephens, which I fear you have not consider'd, neither the Expence [sic] in England. I have great apprehensions of mischief rather than good from applying to the King for the Quit rents as a future fund for the Colony. As the Lands have been granted in Several years, and no great number in one year those quit Rents tho duly paid will come to little till after many years, and yet from the number of Grants made out it will be imagined that the Trustees have a considerable Revenue from them, whereas it will appear by their annual Accts. laid before the Parliament that they acknowledge but a trifle to be received, and thus the Suspicion that the Trustees make a Gain of the Colony occasioned by their continuing to Act under the great discomragements [sic] they are cast by all sides, will he encreased.[sic] It is certain that without Squeezing the Inhabitants no Quit rents will he paid; whoever pays will do it with ill will, or in work not in money, which will he an Expence [sic] often times not wanted, while money will he missing to defray expences [sic] that can only he answerd [sic] that way. At the Same time the
Parliament who will see how little comes in from the Quit rents will
either beleive [sic] the Acct. is not fairly given or that the Trustees are negligent in collecting them, or that the people after all the talk of their Industry and being able to maintain themselves are so poor and miserable that other methods than what the Trustees have pursued must he used: If on the contrary they do not reason thus, they will believe the Quit rents amount to so much that they need give a very small Slim towards the further Support of the Colony and so the Trustees will he disabled from carrying it on. These are Inconveniencies [sic] I much apprehend from this application to the King, which if pursued an Act must at the same time be obtained to forfeit the lands of those who do not pay, and who have abandond [sic] the Colony, for they will pay nothing, for this good Reasons may be given, such as the prejudice their wast [sic]
lands are to contiguious [sic] lots, by want of Fence and the harbour of Vermine [sic] and Beasts which enter the Industrious mens Lots. Without such Act you cannot expect the Runaways will pay, and their Covenants to forfeit they will contend against especially Since the Sense of the house was that the Quit rents the larger Grants are bound to pay are exorbitant and the motion for lessening them suspended in expectation the Trustees would reduce them.
I cannot help writing thus large on the Colony, tho very improper
for me; I am as Zealous as ever for its prosperity tho disabled
from further Service. Pray present my Humble Service to Mr. Vernon and Mr. Lapotre and let them know my thoughts with which I conclude
Your affect. Friend and Servt.
You have not told me
what my Quota is to the Lawyers
that I may order payment.
Queens Square Westminster
Monday July 26. 1742
Mr. Smith President
Read a Petition of Christian Steinhavell Theobald Keifer and Johannes
Perrier in Behalf of themselves and the rest of the Trustees German
Servants at Savennah [sic] in Georgia setting forth That by Indenture bearing date the 21st. Day of September 1737 They bound themselves to serve the Trustees or their Assigns in Georgia for the Space of five years after their arrival there, and that their Children who were males and under the Age of twenty years were to serve untill [sic] they arrived to the Age of twenty five years, and their femal [sic] Children above the Age of 6 years were to serve untill [sic] they arrived at the Age of eighteen years; And as the time of the Petitioners Indenture with the Trustees as to themselves
is growing near to a Conclusion, and they are desirous and willing to
settle in the Colony (having procured already a Small Stock of Cattle
for that purpose) they must unavoidably labour under great difficulties by being deprived of the freedom of their Children, without whose Assistance it will be impossible for them to make any progress in Cultivating of Land being most of them advanced in years; and therefore Praying the Trustees to grant them the freedom of their Children at the Expiration of the five years for which the Petitioners were bound.
That it be recommended to the Common Council to grant the
Petitioners the freedom of their Children at the Expiration of five
years as they desire.
Read a Letter from General Oglethorpe dat. March 3rd. 1741 and another from George Clarke Esqr. Lieut. Govr. of New York with likewise a Coppy [sic] of a Letter from him to Genl. Oglethorpe containing proposals for Effecting a general peace among the Indians in the British Interest upon the Continent of America
That the Secretary do send Copies of the said Letters to Andrew
Stone Esqr. and desire him to lay the same before his Grace the Duke of New Castle one of his Majesties principal Secretaries of State.
Read a Letter from Mr. Orton dat. March 4th. 1741 acquainting
the Trustees with the progress in his Ministry at Savannah and that he had taken upon him the Management of the School for want of a person fitly qualified to undertake the Duty
That a Letter he sent to Mr. Orton acquainting him with the
Trustees approbation of his Conduct; and that they desire he will continue his Inspection of the School though Mr. John Dobell is appointed Schoolmaster, end that Mr. Dobell is to be under his Direction in Instructing the Children.
William Stephens Esqr. having recommended Thomas Bosomworth to
he Secretary for Indian affairs in the Room of John Clark deceased.
That it be recommended to the Common Council to appoint the said
Thomas Bosomworth Secretary for Indian Affairs
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Benjamin Martyn to William Stephens
Esqr., dated July 26th. 1742.
As Applications have been made to the Trustees from some Persons
in the Colony, for permitting the Use of Negroes; And as some Gentlemen of Eminence in Trade have delivered their Opinions in favour [sic] of them, under proper Limitations and Restrictions; The Trustees, who are ever studious for the Prosperity of the Colony, are desirous of your Opinion (if you can form any) how Negroes can be admitted, consistently with the Safety of the Province.
You'll see in the Impartial Inquiry, and the Account of the
Progress of the Colony, what where [sic] the Trustees Motives for prohibiting the Use of Negroes.
I am &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to the Reverend Mr.
Christopher Orton dated August 2d. 1742.
Your Letter of the 4th. of March last was received the 21st. of
June following, but the Letter you therein mentioned was never received, being lost at Sea when the Ship which had it was taken by the Spaniards. The Trustees are well pleased with your Endeavours [sic] to set the Minds of the People right, and that the mistaken Zeal of the Methodists against You has contributed thereto. You will always find Protection against all Insults whatsoever, and while You continue in Well doing; Which the Trustees have great Hopes of from your Beginning. Your Ecclesiastical Authority will be always supported, and Mr. Stephens their Secretary, and President of Savannah, will readily embrace every Opportunity of making you an happy Instrument of doing much Good in his Advice and Assistance, as he is capable and willing.
Your commendable Care of the Instruction of the Children is very
Praise worthy, and the Trustees have sent a Schoolmaster, who had been before in Georgia, one John Dobell late of the Methodist's Perswasion, [sic] "but now fully convinced of their Mistakes; Over whom they give you full Authority to inspect and direct in the manner of his instructing the Children, and he is by this Opportunity made acquainted with it; As also Mr. Stephens, that he may assist to preserve that Subordination as is due to You from such Schoolmaster. Had not this happen'd before the Receipt of your Letter concerning your Brother, the Trustees would have gladly given you such an acceptable Relief.
The Trustees hope to hear from You by every Opportunity, and
should be glad of a. Copy of your first Letter to them; And desire you will send a Duplicate of every letter you write by another Ship.
I am &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to the Reverend Mr.
Bolzius, dated August 2d. 1742.
Your Letters of the 15th. of January and 15th. of March last were
both received; and the safe Arrival of the Saltzburghers, [sic] under Mr.Vigera's Care, gave the Trustees great Pleasure.
The [pound] 169.3. - certified by Mr. Stephens and Mr. Jones to be due to the Inhabitants of Ebenezer, for the Bounty of one shilling p bushel on the Corn and Pease [sic] they raised in the Year 1739 according to the Promise of General Oglethorpe; The Trustees are very desirous should be paid and satisfied: As well as to assist the last Saltzburghers [sic] with a little Stock of Cattle, Hogs and Poultry, and to allow Dr. Thilo some thing towards purchasing his Provisions. But as they have no Money granted by Parliament this Year, they have referred the whole to Mr. Stephens, who knows the Expences [sic] of the Colony, that must in the first Place be defrayed, until a further Supply can be granted, which the Trustees expect in the next Session. And according to Mr. Stephens's Ability, after providing for what is absolutely necessary with the Sola Bills he has for the time they must last, until more can be sent by having Money voted to answer them; He is to assist your Requests, as well as he can.
My Service to Mr. Gronau and Mr. Vigera.
I am Sir
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to Mr. John Calwell,
dated August 2d. 1742.
Your Letter dated the 30th. May 1741, relating to your Salary as
a Magistrate upon the Estimate, I received; And in Answer to it acquaint you, that the said Estimate was to commence from Michaelmas 1739, and not before. The Trustees have sent for an Accompt [sic] of the Payments of their Expenses in the Southern part of Georgia, wherein your Salary is provided for from the said Michas; [sic] And as they directed regular Payments of such Expences [sic] with their Sola Bills sent over for that purpose, they doubt not but before this time you have received Payment; But for any Service before Michaelmas 1739, there was no particular Allowance provided except the Provisions you and the other Magistrates received, or in special Instances an occasional Reward given by the Use of a Servant,
or in some other manner; You have therefore no Claim for any thing
further before Michaelmas 1739.
You drew a Bill on me the 2d. of June 1741 to pay Mr. Norris a
Note of your Hand for L6:3:4 Sterling, to he placed to the Accompt of
your Salary as Bailiff, which I cannot comply with, your Salary being
payable in Georgia, and therefore you must remit it to him in some other manner.
I am &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to Mr. John Dobell,
dated August 2d, 1742.
Your Letter from Charles Town dated 29th. April last was received.
And I took Care of your Letters to forward them as directed.
The Trustees having rec'd a Letter from their Missionary at
Savannah, the Reverend Mr. Orton; Wherein he represents the Necessity
he was under to take Care of the Education of the Children, for want of a Schoolmaster, and the Treatment he has received from the Methodists, They have desired him to inspect, and direct the Manner of your instructing the Children, as your Arrival will relieve him from doing the Duty himself; And you are required to observe all due Obedience to him, as you regard the Trustees Favour.
Before your Arrival Mr. Stephens had recommended Mr. Thomas
Bosomworth to the Office of Register; But your Appointment to that
Office sets that recommendation aside. And as Mr. Joseph Avery is to be the hand Surveyor, to set out the Peoples Lots, and make out the Plotts [sic] thereof; It is your Office to register the same, and when the proper Form of the Grants are settled, the People will have one part with a Plott, [sic] and the Trustees another. In the mean time it is necessary to know how every Lott or Plantation taken up is possessed from the beginning, and what Interest the Possession of each Lott or Plantation in the whole Colony claims therein; In the doing of which Mr. Stephens and Mr. Avery will instruct you. And if any Lotts or Plantations, ever possessed by any Persons, are forsaken, to state who were the last Possessors, and how long they have been left.
I am &c.
Queens Square Westminster
Saturday August 7th. 1742
Mr. Lapostre President
Read a Letter from Genl. Oglethorpe dat. Frederica May 28 1742 with a
Copy of a Letter from Capt. Hamar dat. on board the Flamborough off St. Simons 24th 1742.
That a Letter he sent to Genl. Oglethorpe to acquaint him with
the votes of the house of Commons relating to the permission of Rum in
the province of Georgia, and the Act which the Trustees have laid before
his Majesty in Council in Consequence of the said Vote, and also to
acquaint him with the Resolutions which the Trustees have lately made
in relation to the Tenure of Lands.
Read an Acct. of the proceedings of the president and Council of Assistants at Savannah from May 17th. to June 2d. 1742 and likewise a List of persons who have petitioned the president and Court of Assistants for
That it he recommended to the Common Council that the Petition of
Edward Bush, Peter Morelle, Joseph Wardrope, John Penrose, Andrew
Duchee and Thomas Ormston for five hundred Acres of Land each of
them in Hutchinson's Island he rejected; It not appearing that the
said persons have ever been Industrious in Cultivating, or have any
View to the Cultivation of the said Lands.
That it he recommended to the Common Council that Hutchinson's
Island should he cleared by the Trusts Servants and that the wood
growing on the same should he sold for the use of the Trust.
That it he recommended to the Common Council that the Petition
of John Lyndall for an Island of Marsh in Savannah he rejected, it not appearing that he is inclined to any Industry in Cultivation
That it he recommended to the Common Council that the Petition of
William Parker for five hundred Acres of Land near Thunderbolt should he defer'd till he is in Circumstances to undertake the Cultivation of the Same.
That it he recommended to the Common Council that the petition
of John Pye, Wm. Elbert Thomas Ellis and Edward Townshend for five
hundred Acres of Land each of them between the two Ogeechy [sic] Rivers be rejected, it not appearing from their past Conduct that they have any Intention to cultivate the said Lands
That it he recommended to the Common Council that a Grant of five
hundred Acres of Land lying Southward of Thunderbolt should he made
to James Anderson, he appearing to he a diligent man, and able to
Cultivate the same.
That it he recommended to the Common Council that a Grant of 500
Acres of Land should he made to Michael Bourghalter and his five Sons in
order to he divided among his Sons as he sees meet, besides two Lots of
fifty Acres each which he and one of his Sons hold at present, they
being a very Industrious family.
That it bhe recommended to the Common Council that the Grants of
Lots of fifty Acres each to Jacob Harheck, Harbecks brothers, Samuel
Lyon, John Erinxman and John Ample, Dutch Servants whose time of Service
is lately expired, made by the president and Court of Assistants for the
Northern part of the province should be approved of.
That it be recommended to the Common Council that the Grants of
Lots of fifty Acres Each of them to Christopher Burgomister, Joachim
Schad, Rudolph Burgie Leonard Bigler Stoll Johannes Torfer, Nicholas
Hanner Senr. Nicholas Hanner Junr. Hans Stutz end Joseph Wachster,
thirteen German Swiss part of those who went in the Europa should be
That it be recommended to the Common Council that a Grant of 500
Acres of Land should be made to Thomas Salter on a piece of Marsh
near Augustine Creek; provided that the said Land is not any part of the
200 Acres granted by Lease to Thomas Christie,
That it be recommended to the Common Council that the Grants of
Lots of fifty Acres each of them to Johm Robe, William Scales, John
Evans, Samuel Clee, Thomas Morris, Jacob Truan, William Barbo and
Anthony Gantier made by the President and Court of Assistants for the
Northern part of the province should be approved of.
That it t)e recommended to the Common Council that notwithstanding
the Trustees have proposed in their minutes 12 July 1742 that the Grants
of Lands to persons who shall carry Servants and Settle in Georgia at
their own Expence should he in Fee Simple, Yet that no person should
have a power of Alienating any part of his lands till the Expiration of
the ten years from the date of his Grant, in which time he is to he
obliged to cultivate one eighth part of his lands, and till he make it
appear to the president and Court of Assistants for the Northern part
of the province, or the Magistrates of the Southern part that he has
Comply'd with the Conditions of his Grant.
That it he recommended to the Common Council that James Anderson
should he appointed a Coadjutor with Mr. Stephens for inspecting
The Building of the Church.
That it be recommended to the Common Council to consider of proper
means for enforcing the Guard Duty in the Province.
That it he recommended to the Common Council to give Mrs. Camuse
a Gratuity for every person who shall he certified to be properly instructed by her in the Art of winding of Silk.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to His Excellency General
Oglethorpe, dated August 9th. 1742.
Your Letter of the 25th. of February last advising of L 46.8.-
a due to James Smithers for Work at the Saw Mill at Old Ebenezer, and for
which you had drawn a Bill, was laid before the Common Council, together
with the Certificate and Receipt relating thereto; And I received
Directions for accepting and paying the said Bill. But your Letter of 27th. April last, advising of a Bill of L 30.-.- to William Achison Finlay for Service, as Constable among the Creek Indians, being read; The Common Council were of Opinion, that as no such Officer had been appointed by any Order from the Trustees, they could not pay the said Bill.
On the 23d. of last month the Trustees received your Letter dated
3d. March before, with a Copy of Lieutenant Governor Clarke's Letter to
you; They think you have done a very beneficial Act, in marking Peace
with the Chickesaws, Cherokees and Creeks, and that Lieut. Governor
Clarke's Designs are very national, and if happily executed will be of
the greatest Importance and Security, to all the British Settlements on
the Continent of America.
And although this Service is of great Consequence to Georgia,
d yet the L 100.-.- Bill you drew towards defraying the Charges
thereof is a Publick [sic] Expence,[sic] necessary for His Majesty's Service, and to be placed to that Accompt. [sic]
The Trustees received a Letter from Lieut. Governor Clarke also,
relating to this Design; And they ordered Copies of that, and your
Letter, to be laid before the Duke of Newcastel. [sic]
I am Sir
Copy of a Letter from Mr, Harman Verelst to Mr. Thomas Jones, dated
August 9th. 1742.
Your Letters of 26th. and 27th. April last were received, and laid
"before the Trustees; And they are sorry to find such a Spirit of
Contention and Disturbance has so long subsisted in the Colony. They approve of your Care to prevent an Overpayment to Calwell, and they should have been glad you had not been prevailed on to pay Dr. Hawkins any more than what would appear legally due, as they fear you have, when you see the Resolutions of the Common Council concerning his Claim, which he had by Letter of Attorney authorized Captain Thomson to apply for, and
receive here, a Copy of which Letter of Attorney and Captn. Thomson's
Receipt is herewith sent you. It was therefore the more unjust to demand
Payment in Georgia, before his knowing what his Attorney had done in
England, and the Result of the Trustees Pleasure. Therefore if any
Overpayment has been made him, it must be recovered back, and paid into
the Hands of the President end Assistants for the Trustees Use, who have
Copies of all the Resolutions concerning Dr. Hawkins.
I am &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to William Stephens Esqr.,
dated August 10th. 1742.
Your Letter dated 20th. March was rec'd 21st. of last Month with
your Journal from the 4th. February before. But no Duplicate of your
Journal from 28th. October 174l to the 1st. of January following is yet
received, the Original whereof was destroyed by the Spaniards on board
the Charles Captn. Harramond, with the State of the Colony, and the
other Papers then sent.
The Proposals from Camuse's Family in your Packet of 31st.
December last being not received, a Duplicate of them is much wanted for
the Trustees Consideration; And you must acquaint Mrs. Camuse of the
Misfortune attending the said Proposals, being destroyed by the
The promoting the raising Silk and wine should be the chief Concern of every Inhabitant, as it is intended for the Staples of Georgia,
and does not interfere with the raising Sustenance
The Office of Register, which was vacant, the Trustees filled up
with John Dobell who returned to Georgia, not only to execute that
Office, but to act as Schoolmaster; And is wrote to, to behave well to
Mr. Orton, and permit him to inspect into the manner of his instructing
That, of Secretary for Indian Affairs in the Room of John Clarke
deceased, which the Trustees desired your recommending a proper
Person for; They have agreed to recommend Thomas Bosomworth to the
Common Council, to be appointed accordingly. And as his Uncle and Mr.
Bate offer to be his Security here, the Trustees have it in their
Thoughts to recommend him to the Commissioners of the Customs, to be
appointed Collector at Savannah. Mr. Christie, who now returns, having
given Security here to the Crown, is appointed by the said Commissioners
Naval Officer at Savannah.
The Trustees have approved your Contract with Mr. Avery, have
allowed and paid him his Passage to England and back, and satisfied him
for his Trouble here. They have agreed to his being Land Surveyor, and
if General Oglethorpe has not employed any one to survey and make a
Plan of the Southern part of Georgia, Mr. Avery is to do it; But not to
have any particular Allowance, as it is intended that the Office of
Land Surveyor is to be made up to him L 100.-.- Sterling a Year in the
Allowance of 4.d [sic] an Acre for setting out Lands to Servants out of their time, or Persons sent on the Charity, making out the Plotts [sic] thereof for the Register, and sending a Book of Duplicates to England: Which if deficient of L 100.-.- a Year, is to be made good to him, to commence from his Arrival in Georgia, and payable out of the next Parliamentary Aids, during the Trustees Pleasure. He is to be assisted with a Boat or Boats occasionally, and the Use of surveying Instruments; And General Oglethorpe is wrote to, to let him have the Use of one of his Boats, if wanted in the future Survey, to save Charges.
The Surveys are not to be published during the War; But when the
Trustees think it safe they should be published, Mr. Avery is made
acquainted that he shall have the Profit of it, allowing the Trustees
some Copies for their Use.
Your Care in securing the Map of the Northern part, which came
safe to Hand, and has given great Satisfaction, was very prudent; And
Mr. Averys Arrival, the very Morning the Trustees were to make their
Defence [sic] to your Son's scandalous Petition, was very providential.
It was very right to be cautious in the running out Lands to
improper Persons, who had not Views of Cultivation; Your Thoughts on that
Head, and every other Branch for the Welfare of the Colony and it's
Inhabitants, are what the Trustees do always desire you should transmit.
They are well pleased with the Monthly Cash Accompts [sic] you sent
over, whereby it appears that of the L 3,000. in Sola Bills you received
the beginning of December last by the Loyal Judith Captn. Lemon, L 1,300.
of them were issued to the End of February last, when L 54:12:7 1/2 of
said L 1,300. was remaining in your Hands, They desire you will continue
this Method of carrying over Monthly Balances, whereby the Services
defrayed will appear, and be posted off to their proper Heads in Discharge to You.
Which said Balance of L 54:12:7 1/4 together with the L 1,700. Residue of the said L 3,000. Sola Bills, and i 2,000. more Sola Bills sent you in March last, amounting to the Sum of L 3754:12:7 1/2 is the whole to support the necessary Expences [sic] of the Colony, until the Parliament shall vote another Sum in the next Session; Which the Trustees have good Reason to believe they will, as they have in the last Session voted the Colony necessary and advantageous to be preserved and supported; Which happening to be done after the Negative, on referring the Trustees Petition to the Committee of Supply, was the Occasion of no Assistance this Year.
But as the Trustees in their Letter of 24th. April 1741 signified
by their Secretary, the Resolution of giving a Bounty of one shilling a
Bushel upon Corn, six pence a Bushel upon Pease, [sic] and three pence a
Bushel upon Potatoes, which should be raised and produced in Georgia
between Christmas 1741 and Christmas 1742; You are hereby instructed to
receive the several Proofs and Quantities thereof, and ascertain the
Values and Properties of the said Bounty at Christmas next, and
inlist [sic] the whole in one particular Account, to be sent over to the Trustees for their Perusal, and providing out of the next Parliamentary Aid for the Payment of it, by sending over their Sola Bills for that purpose, when a Supply shall be voted for the further settling and improving Georgia. And send a Duplicate also of the said Account by another Ship.
The Petition of the German Servants which you sent over, praying
the Freedom of their Children to be with their Parents, when their
Parents Services are expired, having been laid before the Trustees;
They have recommended it to the Common Council to comply therewith, and
release their Servitude in favour [sic] of their Parents, without any Allowance to be made to the Trustees upon that Account.
On the 2d. instant the Trustees received your Letter dated the
9th. of June last, with your Journal from 2d. May preceeding, [sic] and a
Copy of your Letter of the 4th. May; But the Original thereof and Journal
with that, which was to have come by Captain Dunbar, are not yet
The Trustees are well pleased with the Account You give them of
the Beacon at Tybee; And having perused James Dormer's Proposal on his
being stationed Pilot there, and your Observations upon it, are of
Opinion; That a proper Boat should be provided for him, which he is
afterwards to keep in Repair, and be answerable for in Consideration of
the L 40. a Year to be paid him by the Trustees; And in Order to
ascertain the Expence [sic]of the Allowance of one Hand and Provision he desires besides, you are hereby instructed to consult him on what Additional Allowance he will provide himself therewith, and to acquaint the Trustees thereof.]
As to the L 150. paid Mr. Whitefield towards building a
Church at Savannah, and the small Progress he made of only digging and
carting Stones, the Charge of which you have had no Accompt [sic] from Mr. Habersham appointed to give it, and to pay over the Balance of the said Sum; You are therefore authorized to demand the same from Mr. Habersham, and on Refusal to use all possible Means to bring him to accompt [sic] for the same, pursuant to the Directions Mr. Whitefield gave him. And the Trustees will call on Mr. Whitefield here to give Security, that the same may he complied with.
As to what Mr. Habersham has alledged [sic] of some Proceedings being
detrimental to the Orphans, and the Intention of the Orphan House in
serving them, and his desiring an Opinion relating to the second Article
of the Trustees Instructions concerning the Power of taking in Orphans
and Direction of them; The Trustees Letter to Mr. Whitefield dated
11th. June 1740, to whom a Copy of the said Instructions were then sent,
has the following Paragraph. "That the Magistrates, as well as himself,
"had mistaken the Grant with Respect to the taking in the Orphans; And
"directed him, that the Orphan who was in Mr. Parkers House, and was
"well taken Care of, should he returned, Mr. Whitefield having by the
"Trustees Grant no Authority for the taking of him from Mr. Parker, and
"especially as it was against Mr. Parker's Consent."
It is therefore plain, that the Managers of the Orphan
House can have no property in the Orphans, and that the Trustees
Instructions vest the Sole Power in the Magistrates to dispose of them, as may best conduce to the Orphans Welfare. Which Instructions the
Trustees refer you back to, for the Magistrates cannot divest themselves of the Inspection of the Orphans; And herewith You have a Copy of
what the Trustees have wrote to General Oglethorpe on that Head.
The Trustees desire to have an Account of the Produces that have
arose [sic] from the Labour [sic] of their Servants, and in what manner they have been applied.
The Trustees are concerned to find the Aversion Mrs. Camuse continues to have to the instructing Children in the Art of winding Silk;
As She grows in Years, her own Capacity may soon cease. And as it
stands referred to you and the Assistants, to use all possible Means to
prevent this Art being lost. You may assure her that when She shall be
Incapable of further Service, She will not be left destitute, provided
She will deserve the Trustees Favour, [sic] by instructing others in her
Knowledge; And for which, when certified to be perfect, some Allowance
for each Person so instructed the Trustees are willing to let her be
Intitled [sic] to, as the President and Council can reasonably settle with her.
It was a Misfortune that Mr. Jones was prevailed on to pay Dr.
Hawkins's Demands, before the Trustees Directions concerning them were
received; But Mr. Jones is wrote to, and You are Instructed to use
all possible Means to receover [sic] back the Money which may appear to be overpaid; For Captain Thomson had Dr. Hawkins's Letter of Attorney, and received of the Trustees L 13.13.- in full of all his Claims to Michaelmas 1739. Which Letter of Attorney having been so given by Dr. Hawkins, his demanding Payment in Georgia, before he knew what his Attorney had done in England, and the Result of the Trustees Pleasure thereupon, was unjust, and which he must "be answerable for. A Copy of which Letter of Attorney is herewith sent you, and of Captain Thomson's Receipt.
The Trustees, having considered of the several Petitions for
Lands in Georgia, have come to the following Resolutions, to recommend
it to their Common Council, in whom the Power of granting Lands is
vested by their Charter.
To reject the Petitions of Edward Bush, Peter Morelle, Joseph
Wardrobe, John Penrose, Andrew Duchee, and Thomas Ormston, for Lands on
Hutchinson's Island; And have proposed, that the said Island should he
cleared from the Wood for the Benefit of the Colony, which is also
receommended [sic] to the Consideration of their Common Council.
To reject the Petition of John Lyndall for an Island of Marsh in
To postpone the Consideration of William Parker's Petition for
500.d Acres near Thunderbolt, for the Reasons assigned by the President
And to reject the Petitions of John Pye, William Elhert,
Thomas Ellis, and Edward Townsend.
Which several Resolutions you are to signify to the Persons
The Trustees, having perused the List of Persons put in Possession
of Lands by the President and Assistants, do find.
That Thomas Salter, on his Application to make a Settlemtn [sic] on a
Piece of Marsh near Augustine Creek, not far from Mr. Causton's, to be
held by Lease, was permitted to make Improvements thereon; Which the
Trustees have no Objection to, provided it does not interfere with
200.d Acres of Land surveyed for Thomas Christie, "being a Tract of Cane
Marsh and Wood Land "bordering on the River Savannah granted "by Lease
from the Trustees to the said Thomas Christie dated 16th. February 1740;
Who is now returning to enjoy the same, and which is to be no part of
any Lands run out before the said 16t. February 1740.
That 500.d Acres to the Southward of Thunderbolt were runt out
for James Anderson, which the Trustees have recommended to their Common
Council to grant to him; And also from your Character of him to appoint
him a Coadjutor with you, for inspecting the building of the Church.
That 500.d Acres were ordered to be run out for Michael Bourghalter and his five Sons between Hampstead and Vernon River, which is also recommended to be granted accordingly,
And all the 50 Acre Lotts given Possession of, as mentioned
in the said List, are recommended for Grants of them, and your Conduct
approved therein. Herewith you have a Copy of the Letter sent to Mr.
Bolzius for your Guidance.
I am Sir &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Benjamin Martyn to His Excellency
General. Oglethorpe, dated August 10th. 1742.
The Trustees have lately received your Excellency's Letter dated
March 3d. 1741, with an inclosed one from Lieut. Governor Clarke of New
York. They think the Design of writing the Indians, not only very
benevolent and judicious, but of the greatest Importance at this critical
Juncture, when so much Danger is to be apprehended from the French.
They have therefore laid Copies of Your Excellency's and Governor
Clarke's Letters before the Duke of Newcastle, that proper Methods may
he taken to carry the Plan into Execution.
It has been very fortunate. Sir, for the Province, that Thomas
Stephens has complained so much of the Proceedings in it, and been so
active in pursuing those Complaints. By this means a parliamentary
Enquiry has been obtained, which the Trustees could not procure themselves. And what before was thought by many, a Ministerial Affair,
appears now very evidently to be a National one. Between the Prejudices
which some had imbibed, and the Ignorance which others were in from Want
of an Enquiry into the Province and its Situation, many were professed
Enemies to it, and very many quite indifferent about it, and thought the
Expence [sic] of maintaining it needless and burthensome; [sic] Stephens's Application therefore was not unwelcome to them, but it has ended in his own Confusion, in clearing the Honour [sic] of the Trustees, and evincing the Utility, the Importance, and Necessity of supporting the Province; The Votes of the House upon this are sent herewith for yoTor Satisfaction, Your Excellency will observe among them a Vote, that admitting the Importation and Use of Rum would be of great Advantage to the Province; In this the House were almost unanimous, as they thought upon the Examination it appeared, that a moderate Quantity of it mixed with Water was necessary for the People, and the Purchase of it from the British Colonies would promote the Exportation of Lumber. It appeared likewise, that notwithstanding the Prohibition, Rum was drank [sic] very freely. Upon this Resolution of the House, the Trustees have prepared an Act, and presented it to the Council, for repealing so much of the former Act as prohibits the Importation of Rum from the British Colonies. And perhaps Sir, the limiting the Number of Retailers, the putting these under proper Restrictions, and the punishing any who may offer to sell Rum by Retail without a Licence, [sic] may be more effectual, without being attended with such a Mischief as a Publick [sic] Act being openly violated, and the Magistrates unable to enforce it. A Copy of the Act, which the Trustees have pre pared, is likewise sent herewith.
The Affair of the Tenures was also throughly canvass'd, and much
debated. Sir John Barnard, Col. Bladen, and others were strenuous for
granting an absolute Fee Simple in the Lands. And the Sense of
the House ran in general this Way, but they avoided coming to any
Resolution, thinking it better to leave it to the Trustees to make the
Alteration. In pursuance of their Opinion; the Trustees have taken
this into their serious Consideration, and to pursue as well as possible
the Plan upon which they first form'd the Establishment, and to prevent
the Inconveniencies [sic] which may attend the granting a Power of Alienation
to Persons who are sent upon the Charity. They think it proper with
Regard to these, to adhere to their last Regulations; But to give a
Satisfaction to the Parliament, they have come to some Resolutions
(which are herewith inclosed) to recommend it to the Common Council
(which have not been able to meet lately, and cannot easily be procured
at this time o' Year). That to Persons who carry Servants and settle in
the Colony at their own Expence, [sic] the Grants of Lands shall be in Fee
Simple. But at the same time to prevent any Persons taking Lands with
a Design only to sell them, they have come to another Resolution, that
no Person should have a Power of alienating any Part of his Lands till
the Expiration of the ten Years from the Date of his Grant, in which
Term he is obliged to cultivate one Eighth part of his Lands; And till
he makes it appear to the President and Court of Assistants for the
Northern part of the Province, and the Magistrates in the Southern part,
that he has complied with the Conditions of his Grant.
The House were likewise of Opinion, but without coming to a Vote,
that the Quit Rents were too high. And upon its being urged, that the
Trustees were obliged to pay four Shillings for every hundred Acres
to the Crown, and therefore it was reasonable and prudent to provide for
the full Payment of these, end the Deficiencies which might happen;
Col. Bladen said, he did not doubt but the Crown would readily grant the
Trustees Relief in this! The Trustees therefore petitioned His Majesty
in Council, to release to them the Quit Rents, that they may be enabled
to lessen and reduce the same in the respective Grants of Lands, and to
apply the Residue thereof for the Benefit of the Colony.
The Trustees observing, that your Excellency has been unwilling
to declare your Sense and Construction of their Instructions relating
to the Power of putting the Orphans into the Orphan House, and taking
them from thence, have ordered me for your Satisfaction to declare;
That they think it proper for many Reasons to adhere to the Letter of
Instructions to the Magistrates, and to the Power given them therein.
The Trustees think, the Orphans more particularly the Objects of their
Regard, and that the Care of them is so sacred a Deposit that they
cannot divest themselves of it, and that neither Prudence nor Charity
would permit them to do it; They desire therefore, you will concur with
them in supporting the Power of the Magistrates herein, for they never
intended any thing more, than that the Orphans should he placed there
only for their Education and Support, till they were of Age to go out
into the World, and the Magistrates must he the best Judges of this, nor
can they he placed out without their Consent and Authority,
I am Sir
To Coll. Bladen
Georgia Office Westmr. 12 Aug, 1742
When the Colony of Georgia was under the Consideration of the
Committee of the whole house of Commons and the Affair of the Quit Rents
was the Subject of their Debate; You was [sic] pleased to say,
that you did not doubt but that upon an application to the Crown, the
Trustees would be relieved in what they were obliged to pay, in which
the Committee seemed to Concur, and to expect that the Trustees
should apply for such relief. Encouraged Sir, by your declaration and
the Opinion of the Committee, the Trustees have presented a Petition to
his Majesty in Council, which is refer'd to a Committee of the Council,
and will as may be presumed be soon refer'd to the Lords Commissioners
for Trade and plantations. The Trustees will then Sir desire the favour
[sic] of your presence at, in Order to expedite the Report upon their Petition, that they may be enabled to reduce the Quit Rents paid by the
People. I am
Your most ohedt. Humble Servant
A Coppy [sic] of the
Trustees Petition is
Benj; Martyn Secry.
Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. by the Hector Capt. James
Georgia Office Westmr. 21 Aug. 1742
Herewith you have a Coppy [sic] of a Bill of Lading of 5 parcells [sic] consigned to Mr. William Hopton, to be forwarded to you, whereof
one Box, marked G X C containing the following Surveying, Instruments
are Sent you for the use of the Colony. Vizt.
A Large Circumferenter [sic] for Surveying in Woods with a Staff, Bell and Sockett [sic] Square.
Needle and Glasses &c, in a Wainscot Box.
Two Strong Chains for Woods with 10 Sticks shod with Steel.
a Case of Instruments with a pair of Sockett Compasses.
a Large round Protractor, to lay off Angles, and one dozen of black
And Mr. Avery has bought a Telescope for his Brass Quadrant, and a
Spirit Level Value ten shillings, which he brings over; and if he delivers them to you for the use of the Colony, you are to repay him the ten shillings he paid for them. All the other the Trustees have paid for
"being sent to your Care for use as occasion shall require. I am
Your most obedt. Humble servt.
Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thos. Causton, by the Hector Capt. James
Georgia Office Westmr. 21 Aug. 1742
Your Letters to me of the 1 Dec, last, and to the Trustees
of the 8th. April following, I received by the hands of Michael Wilson
the 14th. instant. I thank you for mine, and will lay that to the
Trustees before them the first opportunity, with the Articles charged to
your Acct. But the great Work of examining the particulars from Whence
those General Totals Dr. and Cr. were taken from 22d. November 1736
to 10th. Oct. 1738, which you sent over to the Trustees 22d. Novr.
1739, and they returned a Copy of to their Commissioners, being first
compleated [sic] and reported upon, Shewing the applications made, and the Occasions of making them, will, as I apprehend, be the only Foundation for the Trustees considering the Subject matter of your last Letter to them. I am
Your most Humble Servant
Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Hawkins, by the Hector Capt. James Rodger.
Georgia Office Westrar. 25 Aug. 1742
The Trustees, who are Zealous of preserving to the Inhabitants of
Georgia the Liberties they ought to enjoy as British Subjects, do
require your acquainting them, whether any Magistrates of Frederica did
at any time ever refuse a Certificate or Pass to any Person going out of
Georgia upon his Lawfull [sic] Occasions; And what, if any Reason, was ever given for so doing.
And the Trustees being acquainted, that you interposed in the
Stopping Proceedings on a particular Presentment of the Grand Jury of
Frederica against several Persons for Immoralities; You are required to
give your Reasons for so doing
And during your corresponding with the Northern part of the
Province, you are to send an Acct. of what Care was from time to time
taken for the Speedy delivering Letters unopen'd to the Persons to whom
they were directed; And if you know of any Letters which have been
open'd before deliverd, [sic] you are to acquaint the Trustees thereof, and by whom they were so open'd; and you are to let the Trustees know, if at any time any Complaints have been made, and by whom, of any Letters having been so open'd.
To all which your speedy answer is required by the Trustees, I am
Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. by the Hector Capt. James Rodger.
Georgia. Office Westmr. 25 Aug. 1742
Herewith you receive a Coppy [sic] of the inclosed to Mr, Hawkins, the
Original you will please to forward.
The Trustees hope, that no such proceedings will appear to have been
the Case in the Northern part of the Province, which they desire you to
acquaint them of.
They also desire you would let them know of any Infringement being made
on the liberties of the Kings Subjects, or of any obstructions or
abuses in the Administration of Justice in either of the Town Courts,
that may have ever happened, and come to your knowledge.
It has been represented to the Trustees, that it would be very
to open a more distinct View of the Island of Tybee to be perceived at
Sea, by cutting three Vistos [sic] through the Trees there, Vizt. One from the South East to the North west, one from the North East to
the South West, and one from the East to the West; which the Trustees
acquaint you of to consider, whether it may be done consistent with the
Safety of the Beacon, and they desire your Opinion thereupon. I am
Your most obedt. Humble Servt.
Monday Nov. 22d. 1742
Waghorns Coffee house
Mr. Henry Archer President
Earl of Egmont
Lord Sidney Beauclerk
Sir John Barrington
Mr. Thos. Archer
Mr. Laroche reported to the Trustees that he and Mr. Bathurst had
attended the Lds. Commissioners for Trade and plantations at their
Lordships desire upon the Trustees Petition to his Majesty in Council
for a release of the Quit rents reserved to his Majesty, and his Royal
approbation of an Act prepared for allowing the importation of Rum into
Georgia from the other British Colonies referrd [sic] to their Lordships,
And that their Lordships were of Opinion that it should he reported to
the Lords of the Committee of his Majesty's Council for plantation
Affairs that it would he a great encouragement for such persons as shall
he disposed to settle there that his Majesty may he graciously pleased to
reduce the Quit rents reserved by his Royal Charter from four Shillings
to two Shillings proclamation money for every hundred Acres, which
may probably promote the Settling of the said Province, And that their
Lordships were likewise of Opinion to report to the Lords of the Committee of Council that they had taken into Consideration the Act
referrd [sic] to them for allowing the importation of Rum; and having consulted Mr. Fane one of his Majesties Council at Law who has no objection in point of Law, and that their Lordships had no objection to the general Tenour [sic] of the said Act; but could not report in
favour [sic] of the following clause
"And to prevent any frauds in the purchasing or any frauds or
"abuses in the Selling of such Rum to the Indians or others and the
immoderate and excessive use of the same within the said provinces.
Be it further Enacted that it shall and may be lawfull [sic] for the Common Council of the said Trustees or the Major part of them, as shall for that purpose be present and Assembled and they are hereby
authorised [sic] and empowerd from time to time to constitute make and ordain such Rules, orders and Regulations for the purchasing such Rum, or for the vending selling or retailing thereof in the said province as to them shall seem meet and Convenient,
That a New Draught of the Tenures be prepared pursuant to the
Opinion of the Lords Commissrs. for trade and plantations for reducing
the Quit Rents from four Shillings to two Shillings proclamation money
for every hundred Acres. (no number) And referr'd [sic] to the Common
Council for their Approbation.
That a New Act be prepared to be laid before his Majesty
for allowing the importation of Rum into Georgia from the other British
That an Act be prepared to be laid before his Majesty for
vesting the Magistrates and Justices of the peace in Georgia with the
same powers for Licensing publick [sic] houses as are usual in England.
That an application be made to the Rt. Honble. [sic] Lord
Carteret for a Reduction of the Quit Rents under his Grant to the
Trustees from four Shillings to two Shillings Proclamation Money for
every hundred Acres in the same manner as the Lords Commissioners for
Trade and plantations have reported as necessary to the Lords of the
Committee of his Majesties Council for Plantation Affairs.
Georgia Office Queen Square Westminster
Tuesday Novr. 30 1742
Mr. Vernon. President
Sr. John Barrington
Trustees Being informed of the death of the Revd. Mr, Orton
the Minister of Savannah and Being acquainted that Mr. Mariton a
Clergyman in the Isle of Man would go over to the Colony in order to
Supply Mr. Ortons place, and that the Bishop of Sader and Man would
give the said Mr. Mariton a Recommendation,
That the Secretary do write to the Bishop of Sodor and Man, and
desire his Opinion of the said Mr. Mariton
That it Be recommended to the Common Council to take into Consideration the Preamble to the Grant to the Revd. Mr. Whitfield relating
to the taking of Orphans into the Orphan nouse, [sic] that the same may Be explained.
That a Law Be prepared for his Majestys Approbation reciting the
Resolutions taken the last sessions of Parliament as in the Report of
the Lords Commrs, for trade and Plantations, and proposing as an
Encouragement that the Quit Rents should Be 2 Shillings Proclamation
money p every 100 Acres instead of four Shillings payable as to 7/8
parts to his Majesty and 1/8 part to Lord Carteret to Be collected from
the Inhabitants as they should direct, and exonerating those Quit Rents
that may become payable under former Grants and making the New ones to
Commence in ten years from the dates of the New Grants, Whereby the
Tenures to those sent on the Charity should he declared to be in Tail
General and to those going at their own Expence [sic] in Fee Simple with the Conditions of clearing and Cultivating 1/8 part in 10 years, and no
Forfeitures but for non payment of Rent, and not performing the said
Conditions of Cultivation
To the Right Revd, Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man
Georgia Office Westmr. 3Oth Nov, 1742
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
being just informed of the Death of the Revd. Mr. Orton, the Minister of
Savannah; and being desirous to take the first opportunity of providing
a fit Person to Succeed him; and being acquainted, that one Mr. Mariton
a Clergyman in the Isle of Man (who is known to your Lordship) is willing
and ready to Go over to Georgia for that purpose. The Trustees, knowing
how much depends in such a distant Country, with Regard both to the
Spiritual and temporal happyness [sic] of the People in providing them a
Clergyman of sound principles in Religion, and of a Sober life and
peaceable Temper, have order'd me to desire your Lordship will acquaint
them whether Mr. Meriton is known to your Lordship; and if you think him
a proper Person to Intrust with such a charge. I am
Your Lordships most Obedt. Humble Servant
Benj; Martyn Sectary.
Waghorns Coffee House
Monday Dec. 6. 1742
Mr. Smith President
Earl of Shaftsbury
Sr. William Heathcote
Mr. Thomas Archer
Sr. John Barrington
Read a Draught of an Act for Establishing the Tenures of lands in
Georgia, and Reducing the Quit Rents thereof.
That a Copy thereof be laid before the Right Honble. Lord
Carteret for his Perusal relating to the Interest in the Quit Rents his
Lordship is intitled [sic] to
Mr. Verelst To William Stephens Esqr, by the Greyhound Capt. Perkins
Georgia Office Westmr. 20 Dec. 1742
Herewith you receive a Copy of a Bill of Loading for two Hogsheads of Shoes, and an Invoice of the particulars, which are consigned
to Mr. Terry at Frederica, and were orderd [sic] some time since to be sent you as part of the Estimated expences [sic] in Georgia; They are esteemed very good work, and by the prices they are to be issued at, thought reasonable, including all Charges to Georgia. Vizt, 4s/6 a par [sic] the mens, and 2s/6 a pair the Womens. Please to let the Trustees know how they prove, and if such remittances are as usefull [sic] for such value as their Sola Bills.
The Trustees hope for a Supply from Parliamet. next month of which
you will be duly apprized. [sic] They have had no letters from you since that dated 18 July last. I am
Your most obedt. Servant.
Invoice of 2 Hogsheads of Shoes, remitted as part of the Estimated
Expences [sic] in Georgia, and sent to William Stephens Esqr.
G X C In one hhd. 183 pair of mens Shoes at 4s..... 36:12;-
and 134 pair of Womens shoes at 2/6....................15. 1.6
In the other 167 pair of mens Shoes at 4s...............41.12.-
and 60 pair of Womens Shoes at 2/6.......................6.15-
L 90; - 6
L 90: -:6
For Casks and Carriage to London from Warwick )
where they were made..........................)
For Insurance of L 105-- thereon at L 98. )
including Freight and Premium and for ) 4. 9.6
proportion of the Policy .....................)
Whereby L 102:18! in Case of Loss is receivable including
the said Freight, Charges of Shipping and Premium.
And charging the 350 pair of Mens Shoes at 4/6 )
And the 194 pair of Womens Shoes at 2/6 a pair . . . . . . 24. 5-0
Amounts to L 103. -.-
Mr. Verelst to Mr, John Terry at Frederica, By the Greyhound
Georgia Office Westmr. 20 Dec. 1742
Herewith you receive a Bill of Lading for two Hogsheads of Shoes,
which are to be sent to William Stephens Esqr. at Savannah. Please to
advise him of the Receipt of them, and forward the Letter to him, for
his Directions about sending the said Casks; Without you have an
opportunity to send them at the same time you send the Letter, The
Charges of their going from Frederica to Savannah Mr. Stephens will
Lt. Sutherland says, he left you well, but he being taken by the
Spaniards, all his Letters were thrown over board, I am
Your most Humble Servt.
Queens Square Westminster
Tuesday Decr. 21 1742
Mr, L'Apostre President
Sr, John Barrington
Earl of Shaftsbury
A Report was made to the Trustees by the Earl of Shaftsbury that
he & Mr, Page and Mr. Laroche had in a Conference with the Right Honble.
[sic] Lord Carteret, acquainted his Lordship with the Petition prepared by the Trustees to his Majesty to release the Quit Rents reserved in the
Charter, end with the Act prepared by the Trustees to be approved of by
his Majesty in Council for reducing the Quit Rents from four Shillings
to one Shilling and 6 pence proclamation money to be paid to his Majesty
and Six pence to the Rt. Honble. [sic] the said Lord Carteret for every
hundred Acres Granted in Georgia, and that the said Lord Carteret
was desired to appoint some person to Collect the Quit Rents to be due
from time to time to his Lordship, as the Trustees did not think it
proper for them to he answerable for the said Quit Rents in their
Corporate Capacity; and that Lord Carteret did thereupon Say that he
did not think or expect the Trustees could he answerable for more of
the said Quit Rents than they should receive.
Read An Act to repeal so much of an Act made in the 8th. year of his
present Majesty Intitled [sic] an Act to prevent the Importation and use of
Rum and Brandies in the Province of Georgia, as prohibits the Importation of Rum into the said province from the other British Colonies.
Read an Act for the better Regulation of Publick [sic] Houses, and Retailers of Rum in the Province of Georgia and for Suppressing the Odious and loathsome Sin of Drunkenness.
Read an Act for Establishing the Tenures of Lands in the Province of
Georgia, and reducing the Quit Rents thereof.
That the three Acts aforesaid be engross'd, in Order to be
laid before his Majesty.
Read a Petition to his Majesty to be presented with the afore
said Acts. Which was approved of.
That the said petition be fairly transcribed.
Read a Petition to the Honble.[sic] House of Commons setting; forth what the
Trustees have done and the Acts which they have prepared in pursuance of
the Resolutions of the House last year, and desiring a further Supply
for the further Establishing the Colony of Georgia.
That the same he fairly transcribed.
Waghorns Coffee House
Tuesday Jany. 11th. 1742/3 [sic]
Mr. Thomas Towers President
Earl of Egmont
The three following Acts. Vizt.
An Act to repeal so much of an Act made in the 8th. year of his
present Majesty Intitled [sic] an Act to prevent the Importation and Use of
Rum and Brandies in the province of Georgia as prohibits the Importation
of Rum into the said province from the other British Colonies.
An Act for the better Regulation of Publick [sic] Houses and Retailers
of Rum in the Province of Georgia and for Suppressing the Odious and
loathsome Sin of Drunkenness.
An Act for Establishing the Tenures of Lands in the
province of Georgia and Reducing the Quit Rents thereof.
Being Engross'd and Examined
That the same he laid before his Majesty in Council for his
Read a Petition to the House of Commons for a Supply for the
further Settling of the Colony of Georgia
That the Seal of the Corporation be Affix'd to the Same
That the Secretary do countersign the Same
11 Jany. 1742/3 [sic]
To the Honourable [sic] The Commons of Great Britain in Parliament
The Humble Petition of the Trustees for establishing the Colony
of Georgia in America.
That by the resolutions of this Honourable [sic] House upon the 29th.
day of June 1742. It was amongst other Things Resolved That the Province
of Georgia in America, by reason of its Situation might be an
usefull [sic] Barrier to the British Provinces on the Continent of America
against the French and Spaniards, and the Indian Nations in their
Interests. That the Ports and Harbours [sic] therein might be a great Security
to the Trade and Navigation of this Kingdom. That by reason of the
Fertility of the Soil, the Healthfulness of the Climate, and the Convenience of the Rivers the said Province was a proper Place for establishing a Settlement And might contribute greatly to the encreasing [sic] of
the Trade of this Kingdom And that it was very necessary and advantageous
to this Nation that the Colony of Georgia (92) should be preserved end
That Your Petitioners are utterly incapable of further Settling
and improving the said Colony, without the Assistance of the Honourable [sic]
Your Petitioners therefore Rumbly Pray
this honourable [sic] House to take
the Premisses into Consideration and
do therein as they in their great
Wisdom shall think meet.
By Order of the said Trustees
BenJ; Martyn. Sectary.
(Pages 93 through 96 comprise printed matter - Petition of the Trustees -
which have not been copied.)
Earl of Egmont to Genl. Oglethorpe
London 18 Feby. 1742/3 [sic]
Notwithstanding my inability of maintaining Correspondence since
my late illness which has obliged me to vacate from all business that
used to take up my attention, I cannot dispense with my self from ex ex
pressing my satisfaction in his Majesties promoting you to the Rank of
Brigadier General as Mr. Verelsts this day informs me, which confirms
what I was lately told of his great opinion of your Services
related by his Hanover Secretary Baron Stamberg, who says he told him
I have seen Wentworth and Vernon but Oglethorpe has done more than both
of them, your Miscreant Enemies of Carolina had a little before
reported that orders were gone over to bring you home in Chains, which
however none believed, but it might serve to keep up that mutinous
Spirit of the malecontents [sic] of Georgia, that has so long plagued you
and the Trustees and their Civil officers in the Colony, and given a
handle to other of our Enemies to prevent the Parliament from giving us
money the last year; The Trustees will apply this Session for 12000 L,
a Sum too little to answer their wants, considering the mischief of the
last invasion, and the granting nothing last year. But they find such a
run against them and the Colony, and such an indifference in the
Ministry to uphold it that they apprehend should they ask for more they
a might get nothing, which young Stephens labours [sic] indefatigably they may not, affirming that if his Schemes he comply'd with, the Colony shall be settled without costing England a farthing more. This the Trustees
apprehend the Ministry think may he done by restoring the Colony again
to Carolina, but doubtless that Province will apply for money in such
case to enable them to Settle Georgia. I beleive [sic] the Negro Merchants of Bristol are at the bottom of this, as well as those of Carolina in
London. The Impudence of this Stephens is extroardinary [sic] who being
allowed to Stile [sic] himself Agent for the people of Georgia, and is so
printed by the Speaker in the Votes, appears every day at the Committees for plantation affairs and in the Lobby of the House of Commons,
notwithstanding the Just and Severe rebuke he received from the Speaker
last year, and there disperses his last vilanous [sic] pamphlet against you
which no doubt Verelst has sent you or will. He has found means to
insinuate himself into the acquaintance of the members and made impression
on divers of them. Sr. John Hynd Cotton, Mr. Buchanan, a Merchant Member
for Glasgow, Mr. Carew Member for Minhoad, and Mr. Gray Member for
Colchester are of the number. In the Ministry Lord Wilmington, Mr
Sandys, and Harry Pelham are not our friends, and Winnington said very
lately in the house he never approved of erecting the Colony, So that
they give sufficient encouragemt. [sic] to our Enemies in the house, to encrease [sic] their numbers and persist in opposing our applications for
money. The Trustees have not yet apply'd but will do it I suppose on
monday [sic] next which is the last day of the Committee of Supply when they will know their fate. God grant the Parliament may determine what is
right, that so advantageous and glorious a thing to England as as the
Settlement of this Colony may not fall to the ground, through the malice
of some, and Ignorance of others, to the Scandal of the nation, the
prejudice of those who went over on publick [sic] faith, and the dishonour [sic] of a Set of worthy Gentlemen who have taken so much pains in the Service of their Country. Col. Stephens has writ to exchange his Grant wherein his Son Stephens stands to succeed him, that he may have a new one to him and his other Son now with him, "being as he well may, extroardinarly [sic] exasparated [sic] against him from whom he lately receiv'd [sic] an insolent letter wherein he reproached him that were it not for what he wrote to the Trustees and the ill Character he sent to England of him, he should have carried his designs here, end set the Colony on a good foot. We hear by him that most of the Malecontents [sic] had left the Colony but that Woodrofe and Duchee the Potter both outragious [sic] Rascals are still there and as perverse as ever. I can no more, but assure you that I am with perfect esteem and truth
Your affect, and Humble servt.
Mr. Sloper died last month
who turned an encourager
of young Stephens.
In my Condition I am obliged to use my Servants hand which I beg
you to excuse
My Servt. George Lewis to Mr. John Dobel
London 21 feby. 1742/3 [sic]
My Lord Egmonts unhappy indisposition of last year which you
must have heard of preventing him ty his Physitians [sic] orders from writing
and attention to business, which they think very prejudicial to him, he
has commanded me to acknowledge the receipt of your Letter dated in
August last which he received in Jany. which he says is the only
one you wrote to him that ever came to hand, only one from Charles Town
dat. 30 April on your landing there from England.
In this last mention'd which his Lordship was not in a Condition
to answer when received you only took notice that Mr. Watsons behaviour
[sic] and disposition on Ship hoard was not so agreeable to you as you hoped for, which gave no occasion to his Lordship to be offended, neither is he at present offended at what you write touching Col. Stephens, whom he
supposes you mean when you say you had rather believe well than ill, for
his Lordship says that although nothing has yet appeared to
him capable in the least of diminishing his value for that worthy
Gentleman whose Enemies have so maliciously bespatter'd his Character,
as they have likewise that of the Trustees and General Oglethorpe, yet to
know the Sense mankind has of him is not unwelcome to his Lordship, as it
may serve to clear up misunderstandings, by proper answers to any
calumnies cast on him. You desire you may not be given up a Sacrifice,
for not being so clear in particulars as you ought to be, which
dark hint my Lord knows not what to make of, or against whom directed,
but supposes you may have wrote more clearly in one or other of the
packets taken at Sea by the Spaniards. You ought also to have been more
particular concerning the Plot you are persuaded there is against the
Trustees that they might be the better guarded against it, and what
would you think of a Servant who should tell his Master Sir, I know
there is a design to assassinate you, but I will not tell you the man
who is to do it, or the manner how it is to be done My Lord is pleased
with your Resolution to stand by the Civil Magistracy, and desires his
Service to you, and I am
Your most Humble Servant
The malice of Genl, Oglethorpes Enemies here, has had no Success
against him, for his Majesty has made him a Brigadier General on the
British Establishment to their great confusion, and this day the
Parliamt. has voted a farther Supply for the Support of the Colony, so I
suppose the Employers of Tho. Stephens will be tired of advancing him any
more money who is so unsuccessfull. [sic] You must have heard that last year they voted him a false Scandalous and Malicious fellow and brought him
on his knees to receive his censure at the Bar.
E. of Egmont's Servt. Geo. Levis to Mr. Jo. Dobel [sic]
London 11 March 1742/3 [sic]
There being now a Speedy opportunity of sending Letters my Lord
Egmont has Commanded me to acknowledge your last letter to him of 5
Jany, which he says surprizes [sic] him in that you should Say you are No
Malecontent [sic] after owning that you signed that publick [sic] Letter of thanks to General Oglethorpe wherein Col. Stephens and the Magistracy are
treated with such Scandal.
You also Say you are entirely deny'd any Assistance by those to
whom the Trustees send you for it, which my Lord says he cannot
understand since you at the same time say they offer you L 20 of the 25 that was promised you. So that 5 L is all the difference which you complain
of, and that it had been more Charitable to have imputed it to some
mistake or doubt in understanding the Trustees orders, than to malice
or a Wild Design to undo the Colony, but this matter will be soon set
You tax the whole Magistracy President and all with being no
friends to the Colony or the Trustees, and that this appears but too
plainly tho by artfull [sic]disguises they fail not to make their own Cause
good, and you believe you are represented a Malecontent, [sic] Indeed they
have not wrote a word against you, but my Lord says it Sufficiently
appears by your own letter to him, for yours is the language of all the
Malecontents; [sic] and after all, you write you are a hypocrite in your
behaviour [sic] to the Magistrates, which gives to think that they are guilty of more heinious [sic] things than you have yet accused them of or ought to pass over in Silence, And must tend to make the Trustees uneasy
with their Officers, for matters wherein they see no Cause.
My Lord recommends to you to Act honestly, prudently, Religiously,
without Pique Resentment or ungrounded Jealousie [sic] and not to confide in
Passionate and angry People, who where they have personal dislike set
no bounds to their Resentments even to the Vilifying Gods Representatives who are the Governours [sic] he sets over them, and the Magistrates by
them appointed. He says these persons are well described by St. Peter
in his 2d. Epistle. V. 10, "they dispise [sic] Goverment, [sic] presumptious are they. Self willed, they are not afraid to Speak evil of dignities; Whereas Angels which are greater in Power might bring not railing Accusations against them before the Lord."
My Lord says further that if the Trustees have Imitated Angels in
any thing, it is in not avenging on Thos. Stephens the Malicious and
false attacks he has made and continues to make on their Reputation and
Labours [sic] for the Colony, but their leaving it to God who Saith "Vengance is his, and he will repay." Rom. 12. 19. Has been well Justified by that remarkable Censure of the House of Commons Vizt. That the Petition of Thomas Stephens contains False, Scandalous and Malicious Charges tending
to asperse the Characters of the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of
Georgia. After which by order of the House the Speaker obliging him to
kneel down at the Bar told him the House had Voted his Petition False,
because he had not made out one word of it to be true: Scandalous,
because he had Injured the Characters of Gentlemen of worth and
Honour, and Malicious, because he had no ground for what he deliver'd
against them. I am
Your humble servt.
Just as I am finishing this Letter my Lord has seen a packett [sic] from you
to the Trustees, later than your letter to him wherein you appear to be
better reconciled to the Magistrates, and what you have written shews
you have been diligent in divers matters expected of you.
Queens Square Westminster
Saturday March 12th. 1742/3
Mr. Vernon President
Earl of Shaftsbury
Received the Resignation of the Right Honble. The Earl of Egmont under
his hand and Seal of the Office of Common Council Man of the Trust
That it be recommended to the Gentlemen of the Trust who are in
Holy Orders to consider of a proper person to be sent to reside as
Minister at Savannah in the Room of the Revd. Mr. Orton Deceased.
That it be recommended to the Consideration of the Common Council
as the Opinion of the Trustees not to retain or employ for the future
any Servants in the Publick [sic] Service.
That it be recommended to the Consideration of the Common Council
that the Trusts Farms should he disposed of and annex'd to the
Officies [sic] of Government for the future Support of them.
That it be recommended to the Common Council that 10 L p.Ann. be
added to the allowance of the Schoolmasters at Savannah upon Condition
that he does not take any Gratuity from his Scholars for Instructing
That it be recommended to the Common Council to Consider of the
imediate [sic] building of the Church at Savannah.
That it be recommended to the Common Council to consider of a
proper plan of Disposition of the money lately Granted by Parliament
for the further Settling of the Colony
Mr. Verelst to Willm. Stephens Esqr. by the Minerva Capt. Gload.
Georgia Office Westminster 12 March 1742/3
On the 12th. of last month your Letter dated the 4th. of May last
with Journal from 21st. March before, and Accounts therewith were
received as also your Letters of 13 and 19 August last with your Journal
from the 9th. June before, and the Acct. therewith.
On the 2d. Instant, the Committee of Supply voted L 12000 for the
farther Settling and Improving Georgia, which the Trustees will soon
consider the disposition of, for the most effectual answering the End
Mr. Dobell writes that he expected L 25 a year for the Officer of
Register, whereas the allowance is but 20 L. But as I remember he
proposed to officiate as Parish Clerk, which being an Allowance of L 5
might occasion his understanding he was to receive L25.
I shall lay your Letters and Journals, and Mr. Averys Letters
also, before the Trustees; as they will now have frequent meetings, which
please to acquaint him of.
By the Minerva Capt. roger Cload I have sent consigned to Mr. William
Hopton to be forwarded to you a Chest marked. H.P.B and a Box
ACC, for the Saltzburghers, [sic] 2 Boxes marked I.P V. for Mr. Vigera at
Ebenezer, a Tub of Vines from the Earl of Egmont for the use of the
Colony, and a Box directed for General Oglethorpe, which please to take
Care of. I am
Your most obedt. servant
Mr. Verelst the Accompts. report of the Anniversary Meeting
For the Anniversay [sic] Meeting of the Trustees for Establishing the
Colony of Georgia in America to be held the 17th. of March
The whole amount of Sola Bills sent to Georgia to he issued there for
the service of the Colony to Michaelmas 1742 were by Subsequent
Instructions for the President directed to last untill [sic] Lady day 1743 by
defraying only the last L 2000 Sent over the Support of the Civil
Government, and maintaining the Trustees servants, by reason that no
money was granted in the last sessions of Parliament for the further
settling and improving the Colony, which amount of Sola Bills so sent is
21710 L whereof there has been returned for Payment L 17OIO.
The first of April last Thos. Stephens having Petitioned the
King in Council, as Agent for the People of Georgia, representing the
deplorable Condition of the Colony, occasioned by the extraordinary Laws
and Government thereof, and by many Arbitrary and illegal proceedings
hindering its Progress and praying Redress. The Same was referd [sic] to the
Committee of Council for Plantation affaires, and a Coppy [sic] thereof being
sent to the Trustees, and laid before them the 19th. of the same month;
they on the third of May' following returned their Answer thereto, And
notwithstanding such Application made, the said Thomas Stephens in the
same month of April Petitioned the House of Commons touching the same
matter, and charging other Allegations, which being examined into by a
Committee of the whole House on four several days. Was Voted false
Scandalous and malicious, and the house came to the following
Resolutions in favour [sic] of the Colony, Vizt, By one of which Resolutions,
and by the Debate of the House it appearing That the lowering the Quit
Rents reserved on the Grants of Lands in Georgia, and the permitting
the Importation of Rum there from the other British Colonies, in
Exchang [sic] for timber and other wares and Merchandize of Georgia; would be an
Encouragement and benefit to the Colony, The Trustees not only to pursue
the Sense of Parliament, but also to promote as much as in them lay the
more effectual Settling this usefull [sic] Colony; prepared the three following Laws, and in the begining [sic] of Jany. last presented them under their
Common Seal to his Majesty in Council for his Royal approbation: Which
are now under the Consideration of Francis Fane Esqr. Councellor [sic] to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations for his Opinion thereupon
And which Laws are Intituled, [sic] An Act for Establishing the Tenures of
Lands in Georgia, and reducing the Quit Rents thereof. An Act to
Repeal so much of an Act made in the 8th. year of the Reign of his
present Majesty, Intituled [sic] an Act to prevent the Importation of Rum and
Brandies in the Province of Georgia, as prohibits the Importation of
Rum into the said Province from the other British Colonies. And an Act
for the better Regulation of Publick [sic] houses and Retailers of Rum in the
Province of Georgia, and for Suppressing the Odious and loathsome Sin
of Drunkenness. By the first of which Acts. All Grants in Tail Male
at Lady Day 1743 do cease determine and become void and all Quit Rents
reserved thereon. And that from and after that time Persons who settled
in Georgia at their own Expence [sic] are to hold their Lands to them and
their Heirs respectively in Fee Simple, and Persons who were
Settled in Georgia at the Publick [sic] Expence [sic] are to hold their Lands to
them and their Heirs respectively in Fee Tail, And no Quit Kents are
to Commence thereon untill [sic] Michaelmas in the year of our Lord 1752
And from and after the said Michaelmas the yearly Quit Rents payable on
the lands so held are to be only after the Rate of two Shillings
Proclamation money of South Carolina for every 100d Acres of Land,
whereof 1s/6d go his Majesty and 6d to the Right Honble. John Lord
Carteret. And only one eighth part of the Lands so held are required
to he Cultivated within Ten years from Lady Day 1743.
The Number of Persons sent upon the Charity are. Vizt.
Persons Protestants British
In the 1st year to the 9th. June 1733 152 11 141
In the 2d. year to the 9th. June 1734 341 104 237
In the 3d. year to the 9th. June 1735 81 58 23
In the 4th. year to the 9th. June 1736 470 129 341
In the 5th. year to the 9th. June 1737 32 --- 32
In the 6th. year to the 9th. June 1738 298 163 135
In the 7th. year to the 9th. June 1739 9 7 2
In the 8th. year to the 9th. June 1740 138 134 4
In the 9th. year to the 9th. June 1741 6 3 3
In the 10th. year to the 9th. June 1742 320 230 90
1847 839 1008
Whereof Males 1128. and Females 724.
The Accomptt. Mr. Verelsts his General Abstract of Accts. For
Establishing the Colony from 9th. June 1742 to 16 March following
Deliverd to the Trustees on their Anniversary Meeting 17 March
The General Abstract of the Accompts of the Trustees
the 9th. day of June 17^2 to the l6th. day of
Charge Anniversary Meeting on Thursday the 17th.
[In the original the left margin is cut too far into the text. Thus a letter or letters are missing from the left side of the page. These missing letters are marked with a prefix asterisk. *]
*e 9th. of June
*0 47 1/2
*1 15 -
* 0 - -
the 9th. June 1742
To answer Sola Bills of Exchange sent to the Genl. & Issuable there
for the Service of the Colony
7361 - -
150 - -
- - - - -
Balance to be applied
1036 14 9
12 13 2
Monies received in England since the 9th of June 1742
-- - -
-- - -
-- - -
15587 19 4 1/2 For establishing the [sic]
For ye following Religious Colony
556 10 - The Building of Chur[sic]
202 13 2 And for the Religious colony in General,
such of books, the Cultivat= [sic]
to raise a Provision for
-tenance of a Minister,
-tenance of a Cate- [sic]
*1 19 71/2
7511 - -
1084 2 11
-- - -
16347 2 6 1/2
For Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America from
March following. To be laid before them at their
of March 1742, being the third Thursday in the
9th. of June
and taken from
Depending on several persons
Monies remaining the
16 March 1742 whereof
To answer Sola
Bills of Exchange
issued in Georgia
for the Service
of the Colony
Balance remaining to be applied
602 7 5
2740 14 8 1/2
7650 17 4
4550 - -
43 19 11
155 87 19 4
Uses of the
-- - -
-- - -
371 15 -
150 - -
34 15 --
556 10 -
uses of the)
as buying )
-ing lands )
the Main- ) -
and the )
the Main- )
-- - -
-- - -
190 -- -
-- - -
12 13 2
202 13 2
602 7 5
2740 14 8 1/2
8212 12 4
4700 - -
91 8 1
16347 2 6
Vestry Room of St. Brides
Thursday March 17th 1742/3
Dr. Hales President
The General Abstract of the Accounts of the Trustees from June
the 9th. 1742 to the 16th Instant with observations thereon was read and
approved of and orderd [sic] to be enter'd.
The Trustees proceeded to the Choice of Hew Trustees and John
Philips Esqr. Velters Cornwall Esqr. and John Wright Esqr. were duly
Then the Trustees proceeded to the Choice of a Common Council Man
in the Room of the Right Honble. [sic] the Earl of Egmont and John Philips Esqr.
was duly Elected.
That the Committee of Accounts do meet in Saturday the
26th. Inst, at the Trustees Office, and that they prepare a Plan for
the Disposition of the money lately granted by Parliament in order to be
laid before the Common Council
Waghorns Coffee House
Friday March 25th. 1743
Sr. John Barrington President
The Oath of Office of Common Council Man of the Trust was administerd [sic] to John Phillips Esqr.
Georgia Office Queens Square Westminster
Saturday March 26th. 1743
Mr. Digby President
Earl of Shaftsbury
Sr. John Barrington
Mr. Thomas Towers
Upon Heading the proceedings of the Court of President and
Assistants for the County of Savannah Dec. 4th. 1742. That, Whereas
several people whose times are expired have applied to that Board that
they might have Encouragement given them, to go upon and Cultivate
land, they thereupon had Recourse to the Trustees letter (by their
Sectary. Mr. Mertyn) of the 24 April 1741 wherein they found the
following Directions Vizt.
To take care that a sufficient quantity of good land be immediately
Survey'd of Lots of 50 Acres each, that all Servants newly out of their
time may be put in possession thereof; As likewise that the Trust
Servants at the taking up their lots shall have an Allowance for 12
Months at the Rate of 8 pence a Day each Man and 6 pence a Day each
Woman, with a Cow Calf and Sow to each Man, and the usual Working
tools. From whence some Doubts have arisen how far the
Trustees Intentions were to be extended, Vizt. whether those words
are meant restrictively to such Servants only as came hither Indented
to the Trust, or whether any other Servants and of what kind may be
intitled [sic] to the Benefit: There having been several other foreign
Servants (as also English) Imported, particularly a certain number of
German Servants, Who appear to be Industrious People.
Upon reading likewise the letter of the Secty. of the 24th.
That it be recommended to the Common Council That the Allowance
for 12 Months mentioned in the said letter be extended to all Servants
in the Colony Indented for the Term of four years and not under.
That the Claims of Robert Millar Daniel Mackay and Patrick
Mackay he refer'd to the Committee of Accompts.
That it he refer'd to the Committee of Accts. to consider what
allowance to make for the Rent and Charges of the Office from Lady
That it he recommended to the Common Council that a Convenient
part of the Reserved Trust Lands should he appropriated for the Use and
Encouragement of Risiding [sic] and Officiating Ministers in Georgia.
That a Memorial he presented to the Society for propagating the
Gospel in Foreign Parts to desire their Allowance for a Missionary at
Savannah; The Trustees being unable to support one, as the Money given
by the parliament can only he apply'd for the Support of the Civil
Government And as they have no other Method of Supporting a Minister
but appropriating a proper part of Trust lands for his Maintenance,
which they are giving orders for.
That the Accomptant [sic] do lay before the Trustees an Account of all
Sums of Money received for the Building of Churches in Georgia, and
that have been applied for that purpose.
That it be recommended to the Common Council that Mr. Bevan
should he desired to prepare a List of what Medicines may be proper to
be sent over for the use of the Colony.
That Mr. Hawkins he informed by a Letter that no person has any
Authority from the Trustees to obstruct the passing of any people out
of the province And that no person whatsoever has any Authority in the
Civil Govermt. of the Province except what is vested in them by the
Collective Body of the Trust.
Georgia Office Queens Square Westminsr.
Saturday April 9th, 1743
Mr. Vernon President
Earl of Shaftsbury
That it be recommended to the Common Council that the President
and Assistants who were appointed for the Northern part of the province
he appointed president and Assistants for the whole province. And that
the Bailiffs at Frederica should he considerd [sic] as local Magistrates and
Subordinate to the Authority of the president and Assistants, And that
the Recorder at Frederica should he appointed with an additional Salary
of 10 L p Ann. to Correspond with the president and Assistants and lay
before them from time to time the proceedings of the Town Court and such
other Transactions and Occurrences in the South part of the province as
may he necessary for them to know, or which they may direct to be sent
Georgia Office Queens Square Westminster
Saturday April l6th. 1743
Mr. Smith President
Earl of Shaftsbury
That it be recommended to the Common Council that the Exchanges
of Lots recommended by the President and Assistants between Peter
Bailleu and John Greedy should he confirmed
That it be recommended likewise that the purchase of Daniel
Nunezs Lot by Issac Young should he confirmed.
That it he recommended likewise that the Exchange of Lots
between Peter Morelle and James Wilson should be confirmed.
And also between James Dormer and James Carwells should be
That the purchase of John Provosts Lot by James Campbell should
That the purchase of James Lyndalls Lot by Mr. Charles Watson
should be confirmed.
That it be recommended to the Common Council that the Opinion
of Council should be taken how far the Trustees can dispose of the
Vacant Lots and what time is proper to allow such persons as have
deserted the province and the Lots to return and take possession of
Georgia Office Queen Square Westmr.
Monday 18th. April 1743
Present in Common Council Assembled
Dr. Hales in the Chair
Earl of Shaftsbury
Read a Report from the Trustees dated July l6th. 1742 That being
taken into Consideration the Petition of Christian Steinhavell, Theobald
Keifer and Johannes Berrier in "behalf of themselves and the rest of the
Trustees German servants at Savannah setting forth that by Indenture
bearing date Sept. 21st. 1737 they bound themselves to serve the
Trustees or their Assigns in Georgia for the space of five years after
their arrival there; And that their Children who were Males And under
the Age of 20 years were to serve untill [sic] they arrived to the Age of 25
years and their female Children above the Age of 6 years were to Serve
untill [sic] they arrived at the Age of 18 years; and as the time of the
Petitioners Indenture as to themselves is growing near to a Conclusion,
and they are desirous and willing to settle in the Colony (having
procur'd already a small Stock of Cattle for that purpose) they must
unavoidably labour under great difficulties by being deprived of
the Freedom of their Children without whose Assistance it will be
impossible for them to make any progress in Cultivating of Land being
most of them advanc'd [sic] in years; And therefore praying the Trustees to grant them the freedom of their Children at the Expiration of the 5
years for which the petitioners were bound. They had Resolved to
recommend the said Petition to the Common Council.
a That Christian Steinhavell, Theobald Kiefer and Johannes Berrier
and the Rest of the Trustees German servants who were bound to the
Trustees for five years, by Indenture bearing date Sept. 21. 1737 do
have the freedom of their Children granted them according to the prayer
of their petition.
Upon Heading another Report from the Trustees dated Aug. 7th.
1742. recommending the following particulars to the Consideration of the
That a Grant of 500 Acres of Land lying Southward of Thunderbolt
he made to James Anderson, he appearing to he a diligent man and able to
cultivate the same.
That a Grant of 500 Acres of Land he made to Michael Bourghalter
and his 5 Sons in Order to he divided among his Sons as he sees meet,
besides two Lots of 50 Acres each which he end one of his Sons hold at
present. They being an Industrious family.
That the Grants of Lotts of 50 Acres each to Jacob Harbeck
Harbeck Brothers, Samuel Lyon John Erinxman and John Ample, Dutch
Servants (whose time of Service expired last year) which Grants were
made by the president and Assistants he confirm'd
That the Grants of Lots of 50 Acres each to Christopher Burgomister Joachim Schad Rudolph Burgie Leonard Riglet Jacob Denner
Henry Curraudy Ulrick Beltz Exekiel Stoll, Johannes Forglet Nicholas
Hanner Senr. Nicholas Hanner Junr. Hants Stuts and Joseph Wachster
13 German Swiss which were made by the President and Assistants be
That a Grant of 500 Acres of Land be made to Thomas Salter on a
piece of Marsh near Augustine Creek, provided that the said land is not
any part of the 200 Acres granted by Lease To Thomas Christie. It
appearing that the said Thomas Salter was permitted by the president and
Assistants to sit down on the said land, which he did, and has already
made good Improvements on it.
That the Grants of Lots of 50 Acres each to John Robe William
Scales John Evans Samuel Clee Thomas Morris Jacob Truan William
Barbo and Anthony Goulier which Grants were made by the President
and Assistants be confirmed.
That James Anderson be appointed Assistant to William Stephens
Esqr. for Inspecting the building of the Church.
That it be refer'd to Mr. Henry Parker Mr. Eyre Mr. Thomas
Tower Mr. Philips Mr. Bathurst [or Hathurst] Mr. Holland and Mr. Wright or any two of them to consider of the proper means for enforcing the Guard Duty in the province.
Upon the further Report from the Trustees
That the Trusts farms be appropriated for the Support of the
Magistracy and the Ministry in Georgia, and as they are divided into
several Lots of 30 Acres each that these be annex'd to the Offices In
the Civil Government And that the President and Assistants be directed
to send over an Account of the Situation of the said Farms, of the
Quantity of Land belonging to them, the nature of the different Soils,
and the Improvemts. [sic] which have been made on them and to send with this Account a proper plan for the disposal of them in the manner which the
Common Council propose.
That the Trusts Farm which was designed for the Mulberry
Orchard consisting of 50 Acres be part of 300 Acres of land to be
appropriated for the use of a Residing and Officiating Minister
That three hundred Acres of the best part of Reserved uncultivated Trusts lands be set out as contiguous to the Town as conveniently
can be. And that the said 300 Acres be appropriated for the use of
Residing and Officiating Ministers; And that two Servants with their
Maintenance be allowed to the Minister for the Cultivation of the same
for the aforesaid uses.
That the remaining pert of the Reserved Uncultivated Trusts
lands be disposed of, in Common with other lands as the president and
Assistants shall think proper since a Reservation of the same is no
ways necessary and the want of Cultivating the same is prejudicial
to the lands of the adjoining planters.
That as several persons have not ability to pay for the Education
of their Children, ten pounds p Ann, he added to the allowance of the
School Master at Savannah upon Condition that he shall not take any
Gratuity from his Scholars or their friends
Read; Another Report from the Trustees dated Saturday March 25th, 1743.
That having taken into Consideration the proceedings of the President
and Assistants for the County of Savannah dated Decr, 4, 1742.
wherein they desire the Trustees Directions about the Allowance which
was granted to the Trusts Servants for 12 months from the expiration of
their Service, whether it should not he extended to other Servants
especially as many of these appear to he Industrious, They had Resolved
to recommend the same to the Common Council for their Consideration.
That the Allowance of Eight pence a day each man and Six
pence a day each Woman with a Cow and Calf and Sow to each men and the
usual working tools be extended to all servants in the Colony indented
for four years and not under, for 12 Months from the Expiration of their
Service, and upon its appearing to the president and Assistants that the
Terms of their Service were performed.
That Mr. Bevan he directed to prepare a Chest of Medicines to the
value of L 60 for the use of the Colony.
After reading a. Report from the Trustees dated April 9th. 1743
Wherein they recommended to the Consideration of the Common Council the
necessity of Supporting in a proper manner the Civil Government of the
Province, and that it might he necessary for this purpose to appoint the
President and Assistants for the County of Savannah President and
Assistants for the whole Province
That the President and Assistants who were appointed for the
County of Savannah he appointed president and Assistants for the whole
province, and that the Bailiffs of Frederica "be considerd [sic] only as
local Magistrates, and that they he subordinate to the Authority of the
president and Assistants.
That the Recorder of Frederica for the time being, be directed
to correspond with the president and Assistants, and lay before them
from time to time the proceedings of the Town Court of Frederica, and
such other occurrences and transactions as may he necessary for them to
That L 10 p Ann. he added to the Salary of the said Recorder for
his trouble in carrying on the said Correspondence with the president
Read another Report from the Trustees dated April l6th. 1743 wherein
they recommend that the several Exchanges Purchases and Assignments of
Lots between the following persons should he confirmed by the Common
Council agreeable to the Recommendation of the President and Assistants.
That the Exchange of Lots between (I38) Peter Baillieu and John
Greedy be confirmed.
That the purchase of Daniel Nunez's Town Lot and Building he
That Isaac Young he permitted to assign over his former lot to a
younger Brother of his as he desires.
That the Exchange of Lots between Peter Morelle and James Wilson
That the Exchange of Lots between James Dormer and James Carwells
That the purchase of John Provosts Lot by James Campbell (for
which a Sum of Money was paid by the said Campbell) be confirmed.
That Mr. Charles Watson's purchase of John Lyndall's Lot be
That it be refer*d to the same Gentlemen who are to Consider of
proper means for enforcing the Guard Duty, or any two of them, to
consider of and prepare proper terms or Instruments by which Sales
purchases. Assignments and Exchanges of Lots in this Province may he
That after the Law relating to the Tenures is approved of by his
Majesty in Council the Opinion of Hr. Attorney and Mr. Sollicitor Genl.
he taken as to the Trustees power of disposing of vacant Lots, and what
time will he proper to allow such persons as have deserted the province
to return and take possession of their Lots before they should he
Read a Report from the Committee of Accts. on their proceedings at five
several meetings to ascertain the Demands on the Trust and settle an
Estimate for the further Settling and improving the Colony from the
Experience of the last 3 years Expenses in Georgia And that the
Committee laid before the Common Council the following List of Debts
reported due by the Commissioners in Georgia and not yet claimed. Vizt.
To Samuel Eveleigh. 55, 4.102 1/2
To Benjamin Adams. 28. 1. 9-3/4
To John Penrose. 13,12,10-1/2
To Eneas Mackintosh. 50.0.0
To James Searles .. 40.4.11.
To Mr. Spangenburgh & ye Moravians.. . 4. 6. 4-1/2
To Samuel Mercer ... 24, 1.11-1/2
To John Miller.... 48. 5. 8.
To John Ray. 42.11.10
To John Teesdale.. 28. 0. 6
To Rollert Scroggs. 18. 4. 0
To Widow Harris. 10. 6. 6-3/4
To Effa Langford. 13.11. 0.
To Peter Mallier. 8. 1. 2
To Hugh Marks. 6.19. 3
To David Codet . 4.15. 4
To John Cuthbert. 1. 2. 3 1/2
To Henry Myrchorer. 35.11. 3-3/4
To Christian Glamphert. 30-12. 1-3/4
To John Smallwood. 18. 1. 0
To John Henry. 15.9. 6
To Archihald Hamilton. 8.13. 5
To Abraham Gruning. 2. 7- 2
To Theobald Kiefer. 2.10. 6
To Michael Hert. 0.4.10
To Christian Steinhavell. 8. 3
To Conrade Densler. 1.4. 8
The Committee also Represented that
the Claim of the Revd. Mr. Norris had
been reported to him by a former Committee
of Accts. which Mr. Norris refuses to accept . 67. 4. 2
By Mr. Bosomworth as Executor to the
late Revd. Mr. Orton Minister at
Savannah who died in August 1742,
and was paid to the 14th. of June
before, and a quarter of a years
allowance for himself and the
Maintenance and Cloathing [sic]
of a Servant being claimed whereof L 5
had been paid upon Acct. to the
Claimant and L 10.10.10 remained for
the said Quarters.The Committee were of
Opinion that in Consideration of
Mr. Ortons good behaviour [sic] and
his other Servicies [sic] in
the School L 10.10.0 should be paid
to the said Thomas Bosomworth in full thereof . 10.10. 0
By Messrs, Skinner and Simson Attorneys to Daniel
Mackay for one years Service as Store keeper for the
Trustees Servants at Amelia from Novr. 1st. 1738 to
Novr, 1739 amounting to L 168, South Carolina
Currency value L 21 Sterling certified by Hugh Mackay
the Overseers of the said Servts. which appearing to
the Committee to be over certified for 14 days of the
said year amounting to 0.17.6 Sterling reduces the
said Claim to 20.2.6 Sterl. to the payment of which
the Committee have no Objection. 20. 2, 6
By Andrew Grant Attorney to Thomas Dawson Carpenter
for 184 days work in raising and finishing the Store
house in Fort St. Andrew on Cumberland Island between
May 15 1737 and Dec. 15th. following which
was used by the Trustees and being duly certified
end the Service incurr'd whilst the Security of the
Colony was in the Care of the Trustees the Committee
had no objection to the said Claim amounting at
three shillings a day to the sum of. 27-12. 0
By John Terry in. Consideration of his Care of the
Highland passengers on bhoard the Loyal Judith in the
year 1741 represented in his Letter of June 17. 1742
Mr. Vigera being allowed L 35 for his Care of the
Saltzburgh [sic] Passengers on board the said Ship,
and it appearing to the satisfaction of the said
Committee that the said John Terry was very
carefull [sic] andInstrumental in preserving
the healths of the passengers during the Voyage.
They were of Opinion that the same allowance
should he made to the saidJohn Terry As was paid
to Mr, Vigera. 25.0.0
That Messrs. Peter and James Cleopas Simond had
produc'd [sic] a Bill of Exchange drawn on the Trustees
by Capt. Patrick Mackay August 18 1741 for
L 888.3.5 Sterlg. [sic] of L 57126.96.36.199/2 South Carolina
Currency computed at L 650 p Cent Exchange;
whereof L 3473.1.91/2 is claimed
as a Ballance [sic] due to the said Capt, Mackay for an
Independent Company from March 1st. 1733/4 to
March 1st, 1735/6 And L 23OO Residue is claimed
for the said Captain Mackay's Pay as Regent for
Indian Affaires from April 27th, 1734 to Feby, 27
1735/6 which Respective Claims being taken into
Consideration by the Committee, and it appearing by
a Report of the Committee of the Assembly of South
Carolina on Indian affaires upon a Conference with
Mr. Oglethorpe March 9th. 1733/4 at Charles Town in
South Carolina whom the Assembly sent for to advise
with concerning the State of the Indian Nations,
and the proper Method to render both South Carolina
and Georgia more Secure by increasing a Strength in
the Indian Countries in Establishing a Garrison in
the Upper Creeks, That Mr. Oglethorpe was desired
by them to countenance and engage in the Executing
the said design, and that he did engage therein upon
Condition that the province of South Carolina would
grant to the Trustees of Georgia an Equivalent for
two years which the said Committee on Indian Affairs
computed would amount to L 4000 the first year
1734, and 450 the Second year. And it further
appearing to the Committee the Act for raising money
for the Charges of Governmt. of the said province of
South Carolina for the year ending March 25th. 1734
only the Sum of L 2320 was granted to the Trustees for
the Colony of Georgia for Settling a Garrison in the
Creek Nation; which sum has never been received from
the said Province, Nor has South Carolina ever
granted any further Sum for the said Service the
Committee were of Opinion therefore that if any
thing shall appear due to the said Capt. Mackay on
Acct. of Such Independent Company the Province of
South Carolina (at whose Request the said
Company was established by Mr. Oglethorpe) is
answerable for the same. And that if any difficulties
shall arise therein the said Capt. Mackay must apply
to Brigadier Genl. Oglethorpe concerning the same; For
the Trustees are only Nominal for facilitating the
said Service and are no ways concerned therein.
And with respect to Capt. Mackeys Claim as
Agent for Indian Affaires, which he would endeavour [sic] to
Support under Mr. Oglethorpes Instructions dated
27 April 1734 the Committee were of Opinion that the
said Instructions appear no other than a Connection
with those Instructions Mr. Oglethorpe gave him the same
day relating to the fort and Garrison in the Creek
Nation; And if Capt. Mackay was in the Character of such
Agent for Indian Affairs at all, it could not he other
wise than by the Authority of the province of South
Carolina under their Act for regulating the trade with
the Indians; for the Trustees had no Authority at that
time in them nor could Mr. Oglethorpe have any to appoint
such Agent; There being no Act for Regulating the Trade
with the Indians in Georgia Subsisting untill [sic] after Mid
summer 1735 to Authorize any appointment of an Agent for
Indian Affairs in Georgia, And the Committee were therefore
of Opinion, that there is not the least foundation for any
such Claim on the Trustees But if Capt. Mackay has done any
Service therein, he must Claim a Satisfaction for the same
from the province of South Carolina.
And the Committee taking into Consideration
what allowance may he proper for the Trustees to
Make for House Rent, Messenger, Coals and Candles for
their Office in Queens Square Westminster from Lady
day 1742 when it was removed from Palace Court, And it
appearing that the said Charge upon an Average amounted
"before to L 64.19.2 a year, They were of Opinion to
allow in Lieu thereof after the rate of L 60 a year
which for one year to Lady day 1743 is ... . . 60.0.0
And the Committee farther stated that there is
due to the Secretary and Accomptant [sic] for their
Sallaries [sic] for a year to Christmas.. 150.0.0
The Committee finding by the Secretary's Letter
from England dated April 24th. 1741 that the Servants
out of their time who had been Indented to the
Trustees, and who should settle in Georgia should be
assisted with a Cow a Calf a Sow and the usual
working tools to each man, and with one years
Maintenance whilst going on in their Cultivation at the
rate of eight pence a day each man and 6 pence a day
each Woman, which Encouragement May be necessary and
is so reported by the Trustees to be extended to all
servants, whose Service having not been less than
4 years, shall expire in the ensuing year.
They are of Opinion that the least appropriation
for this Service must be stated at .... . . 800.0.0
And it further appearing to the Committee by the
said Letter that to encourage Cultivation a Bounty was
promised of one Shilling a Bushel upon Potatoes raised
in Georgia Between Christmass [sic] 1741 and Christmass
Claims thereon may have Been made; But no Accounts
thereof Being yet arrived the Committee could not state
the same. But were of Opinion from the Accts. returned
to England of the Charges defrayed in Georgia compared
with the amount of the Sola Bills sent over for that
purpose, that there is a Sufficient Remainder to Answer
such Bounties, and the Expences [sic] of the Colony to
Midsummer 1743 But the Committee were of Opinion that no
such Bounties ought hereafter to Subsist; and the rather
as assistance with Servants will prove a Better
Encouragement to Industrious Inhabitants and sooner advance
the further Settling end improving the Colony.
That the Committee have prepared the following
Estimate of the Expences which they are of
Opinion will be necessary to be continued
for one year in Georgia, in lieu of the former Estimate
which commenced from Michaelmas 1739 and which they
think ought now to cease.
The Administration of the Civil Governmt. of
the whole province Being proposed to Be vested in a
President and Assistants, to Be allowed to the
President 80. 0. 0
The first Bailiff of Savannah having a larger
Sallary [sic] than the other two, to Act as
one of theAssistants without any farther allowance.
To the Second and third Bailiff at Savannah who
are to Act as two more of the Assistants at L 10
a year each for this Service. 20.0.0
To a fourth Assistant. 20.0.0
To the Clerk to ye Presdt. & Assists. 5.0.0
125. 0. 0
To the Secretary of the Trustees within
The province ..........................................100.0.0
To a Clerk to him. .....................................25.0.0
125. 0. 0
To the first Bailiff at Savannah at L 30 a
year and for the Maintenance and Cloathing [sic]
of two Servts. at 12.3.4. Each. .........................54.6.8
To the Second and third Bailiffs at
Savannah at L 20 a year each and for the
Maintenance and Cloathing [sic] of two servts.
for Each of them at 12.3.4 Each. .........................88.13.4
To the Recorder at Savannah at L 20 a
year his Clerk at L 20 a year, and for the
Maintenance and Cloathing [sic] of a Servant at
195. 3. 4.
For two Constables at Savannah at L 10 a
year Each ................................................20.0.0
To Ten Tythingmen there at L 5 a year Each . . . . . . . . . .50.0.0
To a Schoolmaster there ..................................... 10.0.0
And in Consideration of his teaching all
Children sent him by those who desire
their Instruction without any Expence [sic] to
To the Parish Clerk at Savannah .................................5.0.0
To the Publick [sic] Midwife at Savannah ....................... 5.0.0
To the Gardiner at Savannah.....................................20.0.0
For mending the Militia Arms at Savannah ...................... 15.0.0
135. 0. 0
To the Schoolmaster at Ebenezer.................................. 5. 0. 0
To the Pilot at Tybee ...........................................40.0.0
And to one with Provisions for assisting him.....................10.0.0
50. 0. 0
To the first Bailiff at
Frederica at L 30 a year and for
the Maintenance and Cloathing [sic] of
a Servant at L 12.3.4.............................................42.3.4
To the Second and third Bailiff at L 15
a year Each.......................................................30*0.0
And in Consideration of the Smallness of
that allowance, and to Encourage them to
discharge their Duty faithfully it is
proposed to allow L 12.3.4. to each of
them for the Maintenance and Cloathing [sic]
of a Servant ......................................................24.6.8
To the Recorder at 20 i a year and for the
Maintenance and Cloathing [sic] of a Servant at
L 12.13.4 a year...................................................32-3.4
To the Correspondent with the Presdt. and
And it being proposed that the Recorder
for the time being should be Correspondent
with the President and Assistants at
Savannah, for his trouble in carrying on
the said Correspondence............................................10.0.0
148. 13. 4
Carried over 2456.18. 6 1/2
Brought over 2456.18. 6 1/2
To the parish Clerk at Frederica............................... 5.0.0
To the publick [sic] Midwife (besides 5
Shillings for laying). .........................................5.0.0
To Two Constables at L 10 a year Each ........................ 20.0.0
To the two Pilots at Jekyll or St. Simons one
at Each Entrance at L 20 Each...................................40. 0. 0
For Repair of Indian Arms.......................................20. 0. 0
For the Relief of the Sick & poor in the whole Province........ 50. 0. 0
For an Allowance to Widow Vanderplank (whose husband
was Naval Officer) for the Maintenance and Cloathing
[sic] of a Servant ..........................................12. 3. 4
For Expences [sic] in the Execution of
Justice in Capital Cases
in the whole province...........................................50. 0. 0
To Camuse's Family in Consideration of their winding
off the Coquons [sic] or Silk Balls, and sending over all
the Silk annually produced......................................60. 0. 0
For all Extraordinaries necessary in
the said winding
off the Coquons [sic] or Silk
Balls not exceeding.............................................15. 0. 0
For Charges of the Indians when they come to the
Towns in Georgia...............................................100. 0. 0
For presents to the Indians to he sent from England
including all Charges thereof. 250. 0. 0
For Charges at the Cowpen at Ebenezer not
exceeding.......................................................70. 0. 0
NB. An Acct. to he sent of the
Stock of Cattle there, and the use thereof
to the Trust,And whether the Expence [sic] of the
said Cowpen is necessary to he horn by the
Trust or not.
For a Chest of Medicines..........................................60. 0. 0
For a Surgeon and Apothecary to dispense the same
(besides a house and 60 Acres of land)............................20. 0. 0
For all other Incident Charges whatsoever in the
whole province not exceeding. 350. 0. 0
NB. The Register and Surveyor of the Lands
are not yet provided for .................
The Committee on Considering the necessary
Encouragements for the production of Raw
Silk in Georgia were of the following Opinion;
That a Bounty of 1s 6d a pound for one year only
on Coguons [sic] or Silk balls raised in Georgia
and deliver'd duly attested to the President and
Assistants to be so raised, should he allowed and
paid by them; and that the said Coquons [sic] or
Silk Balls should he deliverd [sic] by Order of
the President and Assistants to Camuses family
to be winded off by them in consideration
of their being maintained and that the Silk
produced from the said Coquons [sic] should he
sent over by the President and Assistants to
England for Sale by order of the Trustees to
make good the said Bounties, and that the
appropriation for this Service should he ........................100. 0. 0
They were likewise of Opinion that the President
and Assistants should order ten persons in Georgia to
he placed to Camuses Family to be instructed in the Art
of winding off the Coquons [sic] or Silk Balls and that L 2
be paid to Mrs. Camuse for each of them at their
Entrance, And 5 L more for each of them when they are
And that during the Several times such Persons shall
be under the said Instruction, an Allowance of 5
Shillings a week should be paid for the Maintenance
of each of 'em not exceeding 6 months in the whole
or L 6.10.0 for each ...............................................65.0.0
The Committee having also considerd [sic]
the Maintenance of Servants in Georgia
Indented to the Trustees whose Services
are not yet expired, are of Opinion to
appropriate for their Maintenance and
Cloathing [sic] untill [sic]
their Services expire, or they are freed,
or otherwise disposed of the Sum of ..............................300. 0. 0
And in Order to assist the Industrious Inhabitants and
Advance the farther Settling and improving the Colony,
the Committee think it necessary to send over 30
Servants to be deliver'd in Georgia to such persons
as the President and Assistants shall appoint, who will
engage to maintain and Cloath [sic] them in consideration of
their Serving five years from their arrival in Georgia,
the Servants being allowed one day in a week to work on
their own land; and to be so deliverd [sic] at L 8 each
Servant free of all other Charges ...............................240. 0. 0
And to facilitate the getting of the said Servants and
encourage foreign Protestants to goe [sic] over at
their own expence [sic] to settle in Georgia the
Committee propose that they should be assisted on their
begining [sic] to Cultivate with the following allowances
Vizt. to Each Person of l4 years Old and under 60,
And to each person of 6 years old and under 14,
twenty five shillings to be paid them in four
payments within the first year after their arrival,
and the first payment to be made on their going to
Settle, and the others according to the use they
make of the former. As the President and Assistants
shall appoint; which for 30 at 40 Shillings each and
forty at twenty five shillings each amounts to. .................125. 0. 0
L 4484. 1. 10 1/2
In Order that a Supply may be sent in due time to answer the Expences
[sic] in Georgia The Committee are of Opinion that Directions may be given
for the preparing and making out (after the money voted this sessions
of Parliament for the further Settling the Colony shall be received
at the Exchequer) two thousand pounds in Sola Bills to be dated Sealed
and signed on such days, and sent over at such times as the Committee
of Accts. shall direct and appoint.
The Committee on Examining the Sums depending on Several persons
in America for want of their Accounts being transmitted of the
application of the said Sums have inserted the Names (as follows) of the
persons so Accountable and the Sums they are Charged with in Order that
Directions may be given for requiring them immediately to Acct. for the
James Oglethorpe Esqr. expended for the
before Michmass [sic] 1739 for which Accts.
have not yet been received...................................3670.13.1-3/4
And in the Maintenance of Servants to be
made good to the fund for building of
Churches ......................................................371. 15. 0
And in like Maintenance to be made good
for the Religious uses of the Colony ........................... 130. 0. 0
4172. 8. 1-3/4
Thomas Jones......................................................12. 0. 0
And in Maintenance of Servts. to be made
good to the Religious Uses of the Colony......................... 60. 0. 0
72. 0. 0
Francis Moore in furnishing the Store
house at Frederica in the year 1736 .........................1489.10.0 1/2
And upon Account for defraying the
Estimated Expences [sic] at Frederica from
Michmas [sic] 1739 .............................................400 . 0. 0
1889.10. 0 1/2
Thomas Causton expended before
October 1738............................................... 270. 0 . 2 1/2
Richard White Store keeper at Frederica...........................17 7. 0
L 6421. 5. 4-3/4
And the Committee find that Thomas Jones
had paid at Savannah to Messrs. Whitfield and
Seward towards Building a Church there which
the Trustees paid out of the L 171. 5. 7
appropriated for that service. Which Mr. Whitfield
is Accountable for...............................................150. 0. 0
L 6571. 5. 4-3/4
That the Common Council do agree to this Report of the Committee
That the Several Persons who are charged as Accountable to the
Trust for the foregoing Sums be immediately called upon to Account for
That when the money Granted this session of Parliament for the
further Settling of the Colony shall be received from the Exchequer Sola
Bills to the value of L 2000 be prepared, and that they be dated sealed
and Signed on Such days as the Committee of Accts. shall direct, and
sent over to the Colony at such times as they shall think proper.
That a fair transcript be made of that part of the Report from
the Committee of Accts. which relates to Capt. Mackey's Claim, and that
it be sent to Messrs. Simond.
That thirty Men Servants be sent over to the Colony And
that the Accomptant [sic] do make an Inquiry among the proper persons about
the means of procuring them.
Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. by the Friends Goodwill
Georgia Office Westminster 26 April 1743/
Yesterday I received a Letter from Mr. Hopton that he had
forward'd a Packet by Capt. Stiles, which he received from you the 9th.
Feby. last; And as the said Captain is arrived, I hope soon to receive
By the next opportunity you will receive the Trustees full Directions,
and their future Estimated Expences [sic] to be defrayed by Order of the
President and Assistants; On which many meetings have been lately had.
Mr. Bosomworth is to be ordained, and admitted into Holy Orders
to go Missionary to Savannah. I am Sir
Your most obedt. Servant
Georgia Office Queens Square Westmr.
Saturday April 30th. 1743
Earl of Shaftsbury President
That all the passages in Mr. Stephens Journal of August the 23d.
24th. 25th. and 26th. and in Mr. Stephens Letter Jany. 22d. 1742/3
relating to the Ship Casar be extracted and laid before some Civilian
for their Advice.
That it be recommended to the Common Council that a Grant of 500
Acres of land be made to Lieutenant Sutherland about 16 miles from
That it be recommended to the Common Council that a Grant of 500
Acres of land be made to Lieutenant Charles Mackay
That the Petition of Thomas Sumner Praying a Grant of 500 Acres
of Land on a Rivers side near Frederica be made to him in Trust for
himself and such men Servants as he shall carry with him, Whereof 50
Acres shall be set out for each Servant who is to be indented for
five years and to be allowed one day in the week for working on his own
Lands, and likewise praying that the passage of six Servants to Cultivate the said lands may be paid by the Trust, in Consideration of his
Services in having built the Light House at Tybee, and on Genl.
Oglethorpes [sic] Recommendation of him Recommended to the C. Council.
That Captain Dunbarrs Memorial praying for the passage of 60
freights of Women and Children belonging to the Recruits which he shall
raise and for the allowance of 6d a day each freight for two Months
before their embarking be recommended to the Common Council
Georgia Office Queen's Square Westmr.
Monday May 2d. 1743
Present in Common Council Assembled
Mr. Smith in the Chair
Earl of Shaftsbury
Mr. Henry Archer
Read a Report from the Trustees dated April 30th. 1743 That they having
taken into Consideration Mr. Stephens Letter of Jany. 22d. 1742/3 in
which he refers to his Journal of the 23rd. 24th. 25th. and 26th. days
a of August 1741 containing several passages relating to the Ship Casar,
which was found in the Offing at Tybee, and brought in by James Dormer,
which Ship had been taken by a Spanish Privateer on the Coast of Virginia., and afterwards quitted by the Spaniards, and had no other
Goods in her but some Rum Molasses Flower and Biscuit, and eighteen
persons who had been taken in other Ships by the Spaniards, and disposed
of by them in this Ship, which is worth About 4 or 5OO pounds had
resolved that it should be recommended to the Common Council that
Extracts should be made of all the passages in the aforesaid Letter and
Journal and laid before a Civilian for his advice in what manner the
said Ship is to be disposed of.
That Extracts be made of all the Passages in Mr. Stephens's
Letter Jany. 22d. 1742/3 and in his Journal August 23, 24, 25, and
26th. 1741 relating to the Ship Casar, and laid before a Civilian for
his Advice in what manner the said Ship is to be disposed of.
Read, a further Report from the Trustees recommending Lieut. Patrick
Sutherland, and Lieut. Charles Mackay for Grants of land of 500 Acres
Each of them, they having been recommended for the Same by Brigadier
Genl. Oglethorpe in a Letter dated August 5 1742
That a Grant of 500 Acres of Land about 16 miles from
Darien be made to Lieutenant Patrick Sutherland.
That a Grant of 500 Acres of Lend "be mace to Lieut. Cloaxles
Read a further Report from the Trustees that having received a Petition
of Thomas Summer praying for a Grant of 500 Acres of Land on a River
side near Frederica and the passage of 6 Servants to Cultivate the same.
They had resolved to recommend it to the Common Council
That in Consideration of the Services of the said Thomas Sumner
in having rebuilt the Light house at Tybee a Grant of 500 Acres of land
on a Rivers side near Frederica he made to Thomas Sumner in trust for
himself and such men servants as he shall carry over with him whereof
50 Acres shall he set out for each servant Indented to him for the term
of five years, who shall he allowed by his Master one day in the week
for working in his own lands.
That the passage of his Servants not exceeding the number of 6
he paid by the Trust on Condition that he agrees to employ the said
Servants in his own Service and not to let them out for hire to
Read a further Report from the Trustees recommending the Memorial of
Captain George Dunbar and upon Reading the said Memorial.
That the passage of Sixty freights of Women and Children belonging
to the Recruits which the said Capt. Dunbar shall carry over with him,
be paid by the Trust, and that 6 pence a day be allowed for each freight
for two months "before their Embarkation.
That the Letter of Mr. Bolzius and Gronau dated December 18th.
1?42 and the State of Ebenezer "be printed in one of the Weekly papers,
and that printed Copies of the same be sent to the Revd. Mr. Ziegenhagen
in order to be sent over to the Revd. Mr. Urlsperger.
That the Grant of a Freehold Lot in the Town of Savannah to Col.
Heron which was made h2/ the President and Assistants he confirmed.
Upon reading the State of Ebenezer Signed John Martin Bolzius Decr.
4th. 1742 it appearing that L 37 Sterl. was due from the people at
Ebenezer to the Trust Store.
That for the Encouragement of the Saltzburghers [sic] the said Sum of
thirty Seven pound he remitted.
Read a Report from the Committee of Accounts of their proceedings April
23 and 30th. 1743 to the following purport. Vizt.
That they were of Opinion that an Allowance for the Maintenance
and Cloathing [sic] of two servts. at L 12.3.4 a year each to he engaged in
the Cultivation of 3OO Acres of Land appropriated for the residing
Minister at Savannah was proper to he made.
-That they had Considerd [sic] of Joseph Averys Claim to execute the
Office of Register ps part of the duty of Land Surveyor, and were of
Opinion that such Claims should not he agreed to because the said
Offices are proper Checks on each other, and ought to he executed by
different persons, And therefore that the Sallary [sic] of L 20 a year should he continued to a Register.
And as to the allowance proper to he made to the Land Surveyor,
and the Instructions necessary to regulate the Execution of that
Office, the Committee were of Opinion, that an Allowance of four pence
an Acre should he paid to the Land Surveyor by the President and
Assistants for Setting out all such lands, making Plotts [sic] thereof for the
Register, and delivering a Book of Duplicates to the President and
Assistants as they shell direct, and in Case the Land Surveyor shall
not absent himself without leave from them, nor neglect the necessary
work they shall employ him in, and proceed in making a General Survey
only in such manner and at such times and places as they shall direct,
and at the end of each year the said allowance of four pence an Acre
shall in any one year fall short of L 100. The Committee are of Opinion
that the president and Assistants may on such Conditions being performed
be authorized to make up any such deficiency to the sum of L 100 And
the Committee recommend it to the Consideration of the Common Council
to refer it to the Committee of Correspondence to prepare proper
Instructions for the Executing the said Office of Land Surveyor; And that
after the Law is ratified for Settling the Tenures of Lands in Georgia
the said Committee of Correspondence may be directed to prepare proper
Instructions for the Executing the Office of Register.
That the Committee then proceeded to consider of the Trustees Charges,
in England and have computed the same as follows Vizt.
To the Secretary at L 150 a year...............................15O.O.O
More to him for Extraordinary Service.......................... 50.0.0
To the Accomptant [sic] at L 150 a year........................150.O.O
More to him for Extraordinary Service.......................... 50.0.0
For House Rent, Messenger, Maid Servant and Coals
and Candles for the Office at L 60 a year as before
For Ordinary Clerkship at L 50 a year............................50.0.0
And for Stationary ware, and printing and Marking
That the Committee observing by Mr. Stephens letter of March 20th.
1740/1 that he recommends it as an Encouragement to the Register of the
Province for him also to be appointed Secretary under the Act for
Regulating the trade with the Indians, are of Opinion that Mr. Dobell
the present Register should be appointed Secretary for Indian Affairs
under the said Act.
That the Committee Recommend it to the Common Council to order
a Case to be drawn out from the Letters Journals and papers in
the Office relating to the Sum of L 150 paid into the hands of Mr.
Whitfield in Georgia towards building a Church, and by him alledged [sic] to be paid over to Mr. Habersham there, and shewing how they shift off
accounting for the same from the one to the other; And that such Case
be refer'd to the Consideration of the following Gentlemen in the Trust
who are of the Law, Vizt. Mr. Henry Archer, Mr. Thomas Towers, Mr,
Eyre, Mr. Philipps Mr. Bathurst, Mr. Holland and Wright or any two of
them for their Opinion in what manner the said sum of L 150 may he
recoverd [sic] from Mr. Whitfield in England or Mr. Habersham in Georgia.
That the Committee observing that a Clerk under the Direction of
the President and Assists. is necessary to be employd [sic] for keeping the
Cash Accounts in Georgia end entering the paymt. there under the
different heads of Service, and making Copies thereof for the President
and Assistants to send to England are of Opinion that L 30 a year should
he allowed for the said Service.
That the Committee on perusing Mr. Stephens Journal of 26 May 1742 do find by an Experiment made pursuant to the Directions of the Trustees That one pound of Coquons [sic] or Silk Bells produces 2 ounces
of Silk wanting 1/4 a quarter, whereby 8 pounds of Coquons [sic] will produce 15 Ounces of Silk, And as the Encouraging this product by a Bounty on the Coquons [sic]is very necessary, the Committee propose that the Bounty of 1s 6d a pound mentioned in the last Report (which was computed on theCalculation of 12 pounds of Coquons [sic] producing only one pound of Silk
which as appears by the said Experiment will produce 22 Ounces and 1/2)
be increased to 2 Shillings a pounds of Coquons [sic] or Silk Balls raised in Georgia.
And the Committee farthe [sic] propose as an Encouragement to Mrs,
Camuse (the only Piedmontese in Georgia who understands the Act of
winding off Silk) that in case she shall perform every thing required
from her in the Committee's last Report, to the Satisfaction of the
President and Assistants, and shall hereafter become incapable to carry
on that Work, whereby the Allowance of L 60 a year (which is made by
the Estimate to her) shall cease, that then some provision shall be
made for her future Support in Consideration of her said Services.
That Mr. Stephens having lately sent over the Account of
payments in Georgia for the month of December last, and it appearing by
his Journal in that month that the Trust German Servants were out of
their time, and by the said Account that L 25 had been paid for working
tools for 35 of them to proceed in the Cultivation of their Lands, The
Committee are of Opinion That the Sum of L 300 appropriated pursuant to
their last Report for the Maintenance of Trust Servants untill [sic] their
Service should expire need not now be reserved.
That the Committee having computed the Additional Annual Expences[sic]
in Georgia proposed by this Report to the L 1711 - a year therein
Resolved on by the Common Council pursuant to their former Report, they
amount together to the Sum of L 2085.6.8 a year. Whereof L 250 in
presents to the Indians, and L 60 for a Chest of Medicines are to be
provided here, which reduced the Acct. of the said Expences [sic] to be sent over to Georgia to the Sum of L 1775.6.8. And the Committee are of
Opinion the said Account should be sent over to Georgia as soon as may
be, with positive Restrictions neither to create nor defray any other
Expences [sic] whatsoever than what are provided for, and to be carefull [sic] not to exceed any Article of Expence, [sic] But to make all possible Savings in the general Articles therein provided for.
That the Committee having a Letter laid before them for Mr.
Thomas Eyre Setting forth that he had received only forty three pounds
in part of a Credit of L 50 Sterl. Allowed to him on his going into
the Indian Nation as Deputy Agent to the Trustees in the Cherokee Nation
in the year 1739 relating to the use of Rum among the Indians, Are of
Opinion that the Sum of L 7 - the residue thereof ought to he paid to
the Attorney of the said Mr. Thomas Eyre.
That the Common Council to agree to the said Report.
h That John Dobell (the Register of the Province) he appointed
Secretary for Indian Affairs under the Act for Regulating the trade with
That it be referr'd to the Committee of Correspondence to prepare
proper Instructions for Executing the Office of Register of the Province
after the Law is ratified for Settling the Tenures of Lands in Georgia.
That it he referr'd to the Committee of Correspondence to prepare
proper Instructions for Executing the Office of Land Surveyor.
That the two Trusts Grants of 3OO Acres of Land in each for
Religious Uses at Savannah and Frederica he revoked, and that two Grants
of 300 Acres Each of the best kind of Land as before order'd to he made
out in Trust for the use of Residing and officiating Ministers at
Savannah and Frederica; And that the Trustees be empowerd [sic] to affix the Seal of the Corporation to the said Grants, and that the Secretary do
Countersign the same; But that the sending over of that for Frederica
That proper Deeds and Instructions he prepared for appointing
the President and Assistants of the whole province agreeable to their
Appointments and Instructions for the northern part; And for appointing
(in Case of Mr. Stephens death) the Assistants to Exercise the full
power of President and Assistants and the 1st. Bailiff to preside till
they receive the Trustees further Orders, And that the Trustees be
empower'd to affix the Seal to the Same, and that the Secretary do
countersign the same.
That it he referr'd to Mr. Henry Archer Mr. Eyre Mr.
Thomas Tower Mr. Philipps Mr. Bathurst Mr. Holland and Mr. Wright or
any two of them to prepare a proper term for Hew Grants of Land to the
Inhabitants of Georgia, agreeable to the Act for Settling the Tenures of
Lands when passed.
That the Trustees he empowerd to affix the Seal to such new
Grants as shall he prepared in pursuance of the Act for Settling the
Tenures in lieu of the Grants hereto fore made and that the Secretary do
Countersign the Same.
That 300 pair of mens Shoes and 200 pair of Womens shoes be
bespoke of William Hollicok to be sent to Georgia, as part of the
Estimated Expences [sic] in Georgia.
That Orders be sent to the president and Assistants to direct
that a true and Exact Register be immediately made of all the Several
Grants of Lands in Georgia, a Copy whereof is to be sent to the
That publick [sic] Notice be given in the Province of Georgia, of the
said Orders, that all the Grantees of Land may set forth their
Respective Claims and their Interest therein.
That William Stephens Esqr. do appoint the proper Assistance to
the Register of the Province in carrying on the said work, and that he
do See it performed without delay and that he do pay what shall appear
to him and the Assistants a proper allowance for the said Service.
That Directions be sent to Mr. Stephens to use the utmost diligence and dispatch in building of the Church at Savannah.
That the Committee of Accounts, consisting of at least five in
number, be empowerd [sic] to draw on the Bank of England for Sums not exceeding the Debts and Services which are already approved of by the Common Council at such times and in such proportions as the said Committee
shall think fit.
That the Accomptant [sic] do write to the Govr. and Company of the Bank
of England to desire they will accept of a Letter of Attorney from this
Corporation to receive the L 12000 granted in the last Session of
Parliament at the Exchequer, and place it to the Account of this Corporation.
Mr. Martyn to Mr. Terry at Frederica
Georgia. Office Westmr. 10 May 1742
As the Trustees have resolved that the Authority of the President
end assistants shall he extended to the whole province for the
better carrying on the Civil Government of it; and that the Bailiffs of
Frederica shall he subordinate to their Authority; They have appointed
you as Recorder of Frederica to keep up a Constant Correspondence with
the President and Assistants, to whom, that they may have a full
Information of the State of the Southern pert of the Province, you must
transmit as frequently as possible an Acct. of the Proceedings of the
Town Court at Frederica, and all other transactions and Occurrences in
the South, which may he necessary for them to know, or which may want
any Orders and Directions from them, or which they shall appoint to he
sent to them.
In Consideration of the Trouble which you will have in carrying
on this Correspondence, the Trustees have added ten pounds Ann. to the
ten pounds, which they had before gfanted to the Recorder of Frederica
as Correspondent, and they hope you will not by any neglect give them
reason to withdraw it.
The Trustees direct you to write them likewise by every
opportunity, and to give them an Account of whatsoever may be worth their
notice, especially the Improvements made and making by the people in
their Cultivation, and they desire you will in your first letter explain
what you meant by this Expression in yours to Mr. Verelst dated ....
"That you was, so strick [sic] with horror at Savannah that you was almost
inclined to go to Charles Town."
Hie Trustees have Order'd that twenty five pounds shall be paid
you for the Care which you took of the People, who were sent in the
Europa in their passage.
You desire the Trustees to encourage your Cultivation of Vines
on your Plantation, but they are very apprehensive that on such a flat
as the Island of St. Simons is, Where the Roots of the Vines will soon
run into Salt or Brackish water, Vines can never be brought to any
perfection. If it appears that they can, and will produce Grapes fit
for making good wine, you may depend on it. The Trustees will never be
wanting to give such proper Encourgement [sic] for the Cultivation of them, as may be in their Power. I am
Your very Humble servt.
Benj; Martyn Secy,
Mr Martyn to Mr. Thomas Hawkins at Frederica
Georgia Office Westmr. 10 May 1743
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia have received
your letter to Mr. Verelst dated 30 Novr. 1742 in answer to some Queries
which they had order'd to be sent to you end the other Magistrates at
Frederica in relation to the obstructing any of the people going out of
a the Province. The are glad to find there is no foundation for Reports
of that nature, and that no Persons, Acting under their Authority, have
laid any such unjustifiable Restraints on the people. They would have
all the fair and gentle means imaginable used to invite the Inhabitants
to stay, and encourage them to be industrious, but no restraint upon
any Account, these being inconsistent with the Design of his Majestys [sic]
Royal Charter, the Trustees method of settling the province, and the
Constitution of a Free Government; nor could the Trustees themselves
impose any, unless where people at their first Settling enter'd into
Covenants for not going out of the Province without a license from the
Magistrates for a Term of years, and then only for that term.
The Trustees however cannot help making on this occasion
a Remark on the following part of your Letter. Vizt. "That you apprehend
'Genl. Oglethorpe acting as a Trustee was invested with a Superiour [sic]
"Authority to the Magistrates." They are surprized [sic] how' you could fall into such a mistake, since no single Trustee has any power at all in the Civil Government of the Province, except what is devolved by the
Collective body of the Trust, nor any Authority but what is derived from
them; and it might be attended with infinite Confusions if admitted of,
as the apprehensions and false Reports of it have occasioned many
Complaints in England.
The Trustees are sensible that if you had applied to General
Oglethorpe for his Opinion on this occasion, he would have set you
right immediately, and prevented your running into an Error, so
derogatory from the Authority vested in the Magistrates by the Trustees, by which alone you can be the proper Guardians of the liberties of the
People, and by giving up of which you will become liable to the Charge
of a Breach of your Trust.
For the better carrying on the Civil Government the Trustees
have appointed the President and Assistants to be President end
Assistants for the Whole Province, And that the Bailiffs at Frederica, as
well as those at Savannah, shall shall be subordinate to their Authority.
That they may therefore have s due Information of all proceedings
and Occurrences in the Southern part of the Province, in which you may
want their directions, or which they may direct to be sent to them;
The Trustees have appointed the Recorder of Frederica to keep up a
Constant Correspondence with the President and Assistants, and send
them such Accounts as may be necessary for them to know; and herein
you and the other Bailiffs must give all the Assistance in your power.
Your very humble servt.
Benj: Martyn Secy.
Mr. Martyn to William Stephens Esqr.
Georgia Office, Westmr. 10 May 1743
The Trustees have taken into their Consideration several matters
recommended to them by you as president end by the Assistants; end they
have resolved that a Grant of 500 Acres of Land lying Southward of
Thunderbolt shall be Granted to Mr. James Anderson; That a Grant of 500
Acres shall be made to Michael Bourghalter and his five Sons with a
Power in him to divide it among them as he shall think proper, besides
the two Lotts of 50 Acres each which he and one of his Sons held before;
That a Grant of 500 Acres shall be mace to Thomas Salter on the piece
of Marsh near Augustine Creek, provided that the said Land shall not
appear to be any part of the 200 Acres, which ere Granted by Lease to
Mr. Thomas Christie.
The Trustees have ratified the Grants of Lotts of 50 Acres each
made by the President and Assistants to Jacob and [------]Marbeck,
Samuel Lyon, John Erinxman and John Ample, the Dutch Servants; To
Christopher Burgomister, Joachim Schad, Eudolph Burgie, Leonard Rigler,
Jacob Danner, Henry Curraudg, Ulrick Belts, Ezekil Stoll, Johannes
Toggler, Nicholas Hanner, Senr. Hans Stutz, and Joseph Wachster, and
likewise to John Robe, William Scales, Samuel Glee, Thomas Morris,
Jacob Truan, William Barbo, and Anthony Gautier. They have likewise
ratified the Grant of a Freehold Lot in the Town of Savannah to
The Trustees have also confirmed the Exchange of Lots between
Peter Baillieu and John Greedy, Peter Morelle and James Wilson and
between James Dormer end James Carwells; and likewise Charles Watsons
purchase of John Lyndalls Lot, James Canpbell's Purchase of John
Provosts Lot; end they have resolved that Isaac Young may assign over
the Lot, which he was formerly in possession of, to his Younger Brother.
As the Trustees don't know by what form, or by what Instruments,
Assignments, Purchases and 'Exchanges of Lotts are at present made in the
Province, They have proposed for the greater Security of the people
against frauds, to have a proper form for these drawn up by persons
versed in the Law, and to send it over to you; But the method however
which has been taken, must Still be constantly pursued. All Such
Assignments, Purchases, and Exchanges must be first approved of by the
President and Assistants, and, afterwards ratified by the Trustees.
The Trustees have granted the Petition of Christian Steinhavel,
Theobald Kiefer, and Johannes Berrier in behalf of themselves and the
rest of the German servants, and have resolved that at the expiration
of their service their Children likewise should be free, that they may
be better able to proceed in the Cultivation of their Lands, notwithstanding the Children were bound by Indenture to serve, the Males till the Age of twenty five, and the Females till the Age of eighteen.
The Trustees have Resolved that the allowance of a Cow
Calf, and Sow to each man and the usual working tools, and eight pence
a day to each Man and 6 pence a day to each woman for twelve months be
granted to all Servants in the Colony indented for four years and not
under, at the Expiration of their Service, and upon its appearing to
the President and Assistants that the terms of their service were per
As this is a favour [sic] which vas only granted to the Trust Servants,
but was never promised to them, and they could not expect. The Trustees
are sure you will urge it as an Incitement their Industry, for it is by
this alone they will deserve it, nor must thev expect it, to be continued for twelve months, if they appear to be Idle and negligent of the
Cultivation of their lands.
As the Expence [sic] of maintaining Trust servants has been very great,
and the profit arising from their Labour has been very small. The
Trustees have resolved not to Employ or retain any for the future; The
Disposal of the Trust Farms therefore in a manner, which may make them
of more use than they have been, must necessarily follow. As these have
been Cultivated and improved at the Publick [sic] Expence, [sic] The Trustees intend to apply them to the Service of the Puiblick, [sic] and have resolved to appropriate them for the Support of the Magistracy and Ministry. As they observe by your Journal April 28 1741 that the Farms are divided into Several Lotts of fifty Acres each, they are determined to annex these to the several Offices in the Goverment, [sic] that those who succeed in them may be sure of a proper maintenance; They therefore desire that you will send over as soon as possible a particular Acct. of the of the Situation of the several Trust farms, of the Quantity of Land belonging to them, the nature of the different Soils, and the Improvements, which has been made on them; And that you will transmit with this Account a proper plan for the disposal of them in the manner they propose. In the mean time least the Improvements. which has been made on these Farms should run backwards, or be wholly lost. The Trustees think that in Consideration of their Granting twelve months allowance to servants (who were not in the service of the Trust,) which they had no reason to expect, it is reasonable, and should be stipulated, that they shall give the Labour of one or two days in the week, as the President and Assistants shall think proper, to keep up the said Improvements till the Farms are disposed of.
The Trustees observe in your Letter dat. 9 June 1742 that the
plantation which was designed by Genl. Oglethorpe for a Mulberry Orchard,
is contiguous to the Town of Savannah; they therefore think it may be
proper to make it a part of 300 Acres of land, which they have resolved
shall be appropriated for the use of a residing and Officiating Minister,
and that the remaining part of the 3OO Acres shall be set out of the
best of the Trust lands which were reserved and uncultivated; And as
Mr. Thomas Bosomworth will soon be ordained, and will return to
Savannah to succeed the late Mr. Orton, two Servants with their
maintenance will be allowed him for the cultivation of the said 3OO Acres.
As Clamours have been made on great quantities of Trust lands
being reserved and uncultivated, and as the Trustees have been informed,
these are some of the best Lands in the province, and they do not see
any good end such a Reservation will answer; but on the contrary the
want of Cultivating them must be a prejudice to the Lands of the
adjoining Planters, They have Resolved, that no Lends shall be reserved
but what are appropriated by them for particular uses, and therefore
these are to be disposed of in common with others, as the President and
Assistants shall think proper.
The Trustees have resolved, that the President and Assistants who
were appointed for the County of Savannah shall be president and
Assistants for the whole province, and that the Magistrates at Frederica;
and the Civil Officers in the other parts are Subordinate to their
Authority. For your better Information therefore of the State of the
Southern part of the province, and for the better Government of it. The
Trustees have appointed the Recorder at Frederica (with a proper
Sallary [sic]) to correspond frequently with you as president and the
Assistants and to transmit to you from time to time (as you wll see by a
Coppy [sic] of the Letter to him) an Account of the proceedings of the
Town Court at Frederica, and all such other occurrences and Transactions
as may be necessary for the President and assistants to know, and of
which you and the Assistants shall direct Accounts to be sent. For this
a purpose it will be proper to have an Established Messenger appointed
between Savannah and Frederica, (as likewise between Savannah and Charles
Town) and the Trustees desire you will send them an Acct. what the
Expence [sic] of such a Messenger will be, and as frequently as possible
transmit to them the Account of the State of the Southern Pert of the
Province, and all transactions in it.
The Trustees have resolved to send over thirty Men Servants to be
disposed of by you the President and Assistants among the Planters, who
will be most likely to make a proper use of them; As these will be sent
only to enable their Masters to proceed in the Cultivation of their
lands. The Trustees expect that no persons whatsoever shall be assisted
with servants, but those, who will stipulate to employ them wholly in
their own Service, and not to let them out to others for hire, as has
been the practice; whilst their Masters lived in Idleness, and absolutely
neglected their Plantations, which was evidently one, if not the Chief
Cause of the little progress which has been made in Cultivation, of the
Luxurious end dissolute way in which many many lived in the Town,
and of the Clamours against the province even by the very People them
selves, who let out their Servants in that manner.
The Trustees were glad to see that of the Bounty which they
granted upon Corn, Pease [sic] and Potatoes raised between Christmas 1741 and
Christmas 1742, Care was taken not to pay any for what was raised
at Augusta, and within the precincts thereof. For this Bounty was only
designed as an Encouragement to poor Inhabitants (who had few or no
servants) to be Industrious in their plantations, till experience shall
Convince them how practicable it was to raise a sufficiency for their
maintenance and they could taste the fruits of their labor; but it
could not possibly be supposed, that this Bounty was to be extended to
Augusta, where the Traders and Inhabitants are rich, and have many
servants, nay, and hire, (as the Trustees have great Reason to believe)
unlawfully employ'd Negroes on their plantations. However as the Trustees
are sending over Servants, and think that Supplying the people with
these will be a greater benefit than any bounty upon Corn Pease [sic] and potatoes. They have resolved to Grant none for the future, and therefore
none is to be paid for what will be raised since Christmas last.
The Trustees hope that no opportunities are omitted of inciting
the people to be Industrious in propagating the Mulberry Trees, and in
in raising of Silk; because their progress in this (as it will
turn to the greatest Account for themselves) will be the surest manes
of reconciling the Colony to the affection of the publick,[sic] and procuring future Aids from Parliament, and therefore every person in the province should make it his Business end his care; and that the people may be supplied from time to time with Mulberry Plants, The Trustees direct,
that that part of the publick [sic] Garden (being the Slope with the Swamp at the bottom of it) which has "been cleared and found, as you say, to he
very good Land, should he made and kept only a Nursery for Mulberry
trees. For the greater Encouragement of the people in raising Silk,
The Trustees have resolved to continue a Bounty on the Cocuons [sic]or Silk
Balls; but this is to be no more than two shillings p pound weight.
And that they may not he put to a stand in Case of Mrs. Camus's Death,
They have resolved to give her an Allowance for every person She shall
perfectly instruct (to the Satisfaction of the President end Assistants)
in the Art of winding off the Silk, to he paid in the following manner,
vizt. Two pounds Sterling for each person at their Entrance, and five
pounds Sterling more for each person when they are perfectly instructed;
And for this purpose, the President and Assistants must select eight
young Women, who shall appear to he most Capable of learning, and most
inclined to it, to he Instructed by Mrs. Camuse; And to these Eight two
more are to be sent from Ehenezer and recommended by Mr. Bolzius.
For these tv/o, and those who cannot he dieted at their own homes. She is
to he allowed for the Board of each of then five Shillings p week for
their Maintinance [sic] not exceeding six months in the whole. As the
Trustees have besides made so handsome an Allowance as L 60 a year for
Mrs. Camuse for her Care and trouble in winding off the Silk, They think
she Can have no Objection to the Instructing others, especially when She
is to be so well paid for it; But as this is absolutely necessary. She
must he told that the payment of the L 60 a year will depend on her
doing it; And that She may want no Encouragement to undertake the Instructing of People The Trustees have resolved, that if she goes
heartily about it, and it appears to the president and Assistants that
she performs what is required of her, so that they may certify it to
the Trustees, a future Comfortable provision shall be made for her, in
Case she shall become incapable of Work herself, and of earning the
60 a year at present allowed her.
Mr. Bolzius will be acquainted by this packett, [sic] that all the Silk
Balls, which are to be sent to Savannah from Ebenezer, must be attested
by him (before the Bounty can be paid) to be raised only in the
Settlements belonging to Ebenezer, and not at Purisburgh or in any other part
of Carolina; And the Trustees do repeat their Directions that none
raised in Carolina, shall be paid for. They cannot on this
occasion help observing by your Letter dated Feby. 4th. 174l/2 that you
Acted Contrary to your Sentiments in paying for any brought from thence
before, but that Express Orders you said were given you for it; They
a have therefore directed me to acquaint you, that no Orders from any
person or persons whatsoever which may tend to charge the Trust with any
Expence, [sic] can justify you in paying the same, except such as come by
Command from the Collective Body of the Trust.
The Trustees observe in your Accounts, that frequent Sums were
paid for the Supply of the live Stock, end the use of it to the Trust,
as also the use of the Cowpen for which large Sums [likely sums] - are expended and what Quantities of Cattle are deliverd [sic] from thence for the publick [sic] use; and likewise what is meant by the Publick [sic] Works at Savannah, what these are, and what people are employ'd [sic] in them, but they positively direct that for the future no Charges relating to Fort Argyle "be paid for "by them, for they have nothing to do with the supporting any Fort in the Province;
They likewise direct that the Charge of any Expresses from General
Oglethorpe upon the Kings Service "be not defrayed by them, for this must
be put in a Bill of Contingencies by the General; It was extreamly [sic]
right therefore not to pay the Bills of Exigences of the men belonging to
Fort Augusta in going to and fro between that Garrison and Frederica
by Order of Capt. Kent, as noted in your Journal, Aug. 26 1742; But the
Trustees do not mean this, that they are not on such Occasion to be entertained at Savannah in their Passage.
The Trustees observe likewise that ten Tythingmen at Savannah
are paid for; They desire to know what Occasion there is for such a
Number, and what number may be absolutely necessary.
The Trustees have under their Consideration the proper means of
Enforcing the Guard duty; In the mean time this must not be demanded of
those who were sent to the South for the Defence [sic] of the Province.
They have likewise under their Consideration how far they can
dispose of the Vacant Lotts, [sic] and what time may be proper to allow such
persons as have deserted them, to return and take possession, before
they are to be declared forfeited. As it is to be hoped, many of the
people may have seen their Errors, and returned to the Province with
better dispositions than they left it; The Trustees desire that you will
let them know if any do, and how many, and what expectation there may
be of more, and likewise how many Lots are vacant.
The Trustees are sending over a Chest of Medicines for the use of
the Province, and have made an Allowance for a Surgeon and Apothecary,
having been concerned to see that the Town is unprovided of one.
They have likewise added ten pounds p Ann. to the Allowance to
the Schoolmaster, on condition that he freely Instructs the Children of
any persons, without demanding or taking Gratuity from them.
As the Trustees are sensible that Mr. Avery is an able Surveyor,
but that at the sane time he is very fruitfull [sic] in Schemes, and aims at
too great a Power, they are willing to give him all proper Encouragement,
and likewise to put him under necessary Restrictions. They have
therefore orderd, [sic] that the president and Assistants shall from time to
time direct what Surveys he is to make, and he is to make these only
under their Instructions, and be always ready to do so; And tho a general
Survey of the Province may be very usefull, [sic] yet the Surveying of Lands
for particular persons, who are in want of Lotts in the first place
necessary, therefore he must never postpone these under a pretence [sic] of
carrying on the former, nor must he go to the Southward part for that
purpose, whilst there is any want of him in the Northward part, nor
without leave of the President and Assistants. At the same time when
there appears no necessity for his staying, nor any Employment for him in
making particular Surveys either in the North or South, it will be right
to encourage him to proceed in his general one. The Trustees have
resolved to Grant him an Allowance of four pence An Acre for what he
shall survey and if it appears that he performs the Duty required of
him by the president and Assistants, then if at the end of any one
year, the said allowance of four pence an Acre shall fall short of L 100.
As he is to deliver to the Register of the Province, a Plott [sic] of his
Surveys, he must deliver a Duplicate to the president and Assistants,
who must transmit a Coppy [sic] of the same to the Trustees. He desires a
a Grant of 500 Acres of Land on great Ogeechee [sic] River, which the Trustees
will have no objection to, if the President and Assistants shall find
that he performs the duty of his Office, and will he able and willing to
Cultivate the same.
The Trustees approve of the Woods being cut down about the Beacon,
but for the Reasons you mention it must be defer'd till the War with
Spain is over.
The Trustees are concerned to find there is such ground for
Complaint in relation to the Orphans of the Colony in the Orphan house;
as these for want of parents are more immediately intitled [sic] to their
Care, the Management of the House is, and must be subject to the Authorith [sic] of the Magistrates, who by the Trustees order must make frequent
Visitations, and if they find the Orphans are Educated in an improper
way, they have the Power to take them away, and place them where they
may be Educated in a more beneficial one. If any Severities are
a used towards them, or they are taught only Latin and other things, which
may be needless for them to know, and at the same time are kept Ignorant and unemployed in Business and Work, which their Stations in life
will make necessary for them to be instructed in, and used to; or if
any principles are instilled into them, which may give their minds an
Enthusiastick [sic] turn, or an Enmity to the profession or persons of any
who worship God in a different way, it becomes necessary that a Stop
should be put to such an Education, And as the Magistrates have the power
of placing the Orphans there they have the power of removing them when
they see just Occasion, and when any of them appear to be of a proper
age to be put out to business, no time should he omitted in doing it.
The Trustees entirely approve of your Sentiments relating to the
Act of Toleration. This must always he strictly Supported, and is
indeed more immediately necessary in a Colony which was design'd as an
Asylum for persecuted Protestants; but then tho this Act wisely provides,
that all Dissenters shall he undisturbed and protected in their Worship,
it do's this Act wisely provides,
that all Dissenters shall he undisturbed and protected in their Worship,
it do's not intitle [sic] them to offer Insults to those who differ from them.
The prosection [sic] therefore of Mr. Habersham Mr. Barber,
and others in a legal way for their Insulting the late Mr. Orton was
undoubtedly right; not intitle [sic] them to offer Insults to those who differ from them. The prosection [sic] therefore of Mr. Habersham Mr. Barber,
and others in a legal way for their Insulting the late Mr. Orton was
undoubtedly right; and it must be the Care of the Magistrates, that the
Minister of the Church of England as well as others be always carefully
protected. And as Mr. Bosomworth who is coming over is a Young Man,
who after a Strict Examination is found very capable, and fit for Holy
Orders, The Trustees recommend him in a particular manner to yours, and
the Magistrates Protection.
The Trustees have given directions that Mr. Habersham do immediately account for the L 150 which was paid by Mr. Thomas Jones (by Genl. Oglethorpes Order) to Mr. Whitfield towards building of the Church; And that he do pay what remains of that sum in his hands to you. A Copy of the Letter, which is written to him on this Account, and on his behavior to the late Mr. Orton, and about the Orphans is herewith inclosed to you.
The Trustees do appoint Mr.James Anderson to he your Coadjutor in
building the Church, and they desire it may he forwarded with the utmost
diligence and disptach. [sic]
The Trustees think you was [sic] entirely in the right to refer the Case
mentioned in your Journal Feby. 18th. 1741/2 (relating to a Chest, which.
belong'd to a family of German Swiss "being looked into, and Securing the
Effects for the Benefit of the Children, the Parent being dead) to the
Care of the Magistrates; it being a matter more immediately proper for
their Cognizance, and the Trustees recommend it to you to be cautious
in interfering in any matters, which are properly cognizable by the
Magistrates, and in the due Course of Law.
Your Letter relating to Negroes has been received and is very
Satisfactory. It confirms the Trustees in their Opinion, that it is
absolutely improper, and unsafe for the Province to think of admitting
any, whilst Augustine is in the hands of the Spaniards
As it is not improbable but your Son (who has been so restless in
misrepresenting the Conduct of the Trustees and the State of the Colony,)
may with his Confederates cook up some New and false Acct. to be dispersed
among the Members at the next meeting of the Parliament; as has
been his Custom, the Trustees hope you will enable them to Confute him
by sending over as early as possible a true Acct. of the State
of the province, and the Improvements made and making in the several
parts of it; and likewise the plan of the Town of Ebenezer; which
Mr. Bolzius told you he was preparing.
As It has been one ground of Complaint, and indeed a just one,
that the people have nothing to shew as a Title for their Lands, and
this has been owing to the Negligence of the former Register; The
Trustees Do direct that a true and Exact Register be immediately made
of all the several Grants of land in Georgia, and that a Coppy [sic] of the
same be sent to the Trustees; And that the people may be all apprized
of this, and be made sensible, that the Trustees will omitt [sic] nothing that
will tend to make them secure in their properties, and satisfied with
them; Publick [sic] notice must be given within the province that such a
Register is to be made, that all the Grantees of Land may set forth
their Respective Claims, and their Interest therein; and the Trustees do
desire, that you will see the said Work performed without delay, and
that whatever assistance may be proper for the Register in Registring
the Greats and delivering out Copies to the Several Grantees, you will
appoint and pay for.
The Trustees have taken into Consideration your Journal of the
23d. 24th. 25th. and 26 August 1741 and that part of your letter
dated Jany 22d. 1742/3 which relates to the Ship Casar, which was
found in the Offing at Tybee; and that the right to the ship may be
ascertained, and they may know in what manner she is to be disposed of,
they intend to take the Advice of some eminent Civilians, and will
afterwards send you their Directions. I am
Your very Humble servt.
H. B. Martyn. Secty.
Mr. Martyn to Mr. James Habersham
Georgia Office Westmr. 10 May 1742
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony are concerned to find,
that you who have such a Trust as the Care of the Orphans (committed to
you by Mr. Whitfield) have been guilty of a Misdeaesnour, [sic] which called
for the Cognizance of, and punishment by a Court of Justice. Your going
with Mr. Barter, Hunter, and others to the late Revd. Mr. Orton, forcing
him into disputes on Points of Religion, and then treating him with
Scurrility, "because he differ'd from your Sentiments; Your denouncing
Damnation against him for preaching false Doctrine; tho you never heard
him, charging him with "being no Christian, and not understanding the
Articles of the Church of England, and asking him how he dared to preach
without being called to it by the Holy Spirit, was a Behavior unjustifiable in every light. It could only tend to inflame the minds of the
People, and lay a foundation for perpetual Discord in a place, which had
been too much disturbed and harrass'd [sic] with it before. It was indecent
with regard to him as the Established Minister of the Towm, whose
Conduct was unexceptionable. It was indecent with Regard to the
Trustees, who thought him a proper Person for that Employment; and it
was inconsistent with that meekness end Charity, which Christianity
so strongly inculcates.
The (Trustees are resolved to Support the Act of Toleration in its
full force, as a wise and necessary Law; But tho this Act provides, that
all Dissenters from the Church of England shall be undisturbed, and
protected in their Worship, it does not intitle [sic] them to Offer Insults
to others; The Law is open to those who receive them, and the Magistrates
have ample power to protect all persons from them; The Trustees do
therefore require and expect from you, that hereafter you carefully
avoid raising any Contentions upon points of Religion, or giving any
disturbance to the Minister of the Church of England, or others, who are
equally intitled [sic] with your self to the Protection of the Act of
Trustees cannot but be apprehensive, that those who are
possess'd with such a fiery zeal, are improper ones to have the Care of
Children, who had better have no Education, than such as will render
them unfit for Society, and destroy in them the Seeds of humanity; And
indeed they observe by your own Accts. which is published by Mr. Whitfield in his Diary, that a wrong Method is taken with them; The Children
are often kept praying and crying all the night; And it appears that one
of the Youngest of them, being asked by you, what he cryed [sic]for and
wanted, said he only wanted Jesus Christ. Religion should be
shewn and Recommended to them in an aimable [sic] Light, nor should they be
filled with ill grounded Terrors, which must probably give their minds
an Enthusiastick [sic] turn, or by bending them too much one way, make them
hereafter fly back another with greater force, and may give them a
distaste even to Religion itself.
The Trustees upon these Considerations, have authorized and
order'd the Magistrates to make frequent Visitations at the Orphan
house and if they find that the Orphans of the Colony are educated in
an improper manner, as they have the power of placing them there, they
have the power of removing them where they may be Educated in
a more beneficial one.
The Trustees find, that you claimed a Right of Protesting
against any Visitation made by the Magistrates, or any Persons interfering with the Oeconomy [sic] established by Mr. Whitfield; Nay, when Mr.
Stephens the President asked you, what you thought a reasonable Age for
Boys to be put out to business, you would not admit any Rule to go by,
but said, they were the proper Judges of that themselves. But can you
think Sir, that the Orphan house is exempt from the Authority of the
Trustees, or those Acting under it? No the Trustees are the proper
Guardians of the Orphans of the Colony, and therefore they have Order'd
the Magistrates to take at any time such of them as they find fit, and
put them out to business.
The Trustees find that the Sum of one hundred and fifty
pounds was, by General Oglethorpe's Order, paid by Mr. Thomas Jones into
the hands of Mr. Whitfield, to be expended in building of a Church at
Savannah, and that nothing has been done by him towards carrying on that
work, but digging and Carting a few Stones; That before he left the
was Colony, which was about Christmas 1740, he was called upon by Mr.
Stephens the President, to Acct. for the said Sum of E 150, and that he
then said you should do it after he came away; And that he did Actually
direct you to do so: But that you have not (tho often called on by Mr.
Stephens) given as yet any Acct. what those Stones cost, nor what part
of the money is remaining in your hands. Lest therefore so necessary a
a Work should be retarded, the Trustees require you immediately to give an
Acct. of what has been expended, and to pay the Remainder of the money
into the hands of the President; and they hope you will prevent their
taking any method to recover it, which would be disagreeable to them,
The Trustees have appointed Mr. Stephens the President with a
Coadjutor to inspect the Building of the Church, and no body is to be
concerned in it hereafter but under his Directions I am
Your Humble servt.
Benj; Martyn. Sectary.
Mr. Martyn to Mr. Bolzius
Georgia Office Westmr. 10 May 1743
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia have
received your Account of the State of Ebenezer transmitted to them "by
14r. Stephens, with which they "re very well pleased, and they desire
you will from time to time send an Account of the People under your
Care, and the progress made by them in their Cultivation. The Industry
which appears among them is very Satisfactory, and they will every day
more and more find the benefit of it.
The Trustees are glad among other things to perceive that they
are applying themselves to the making of Silk, because there is nothing
which will turn to a better Account, as it will always meet with a
ready purchase in England, and as the Women end Children, (who are not
of great use in other works) are the principal persons necessary to
carry it on.
The Trustees gave a Bounty of four shillings for every pound of
Silk Balls to induce the People to enter upon so advantagious [sic] a Business
and to encourage them to persevere, they have given Directions that two
shillings shall now be paid at Savannah for every pound of Silk
Balls which shall be raised in the Colony, and carried thither. But
then to prevent any Imposition, and that no Silk Balls, which shall be
raised on the Carolina side of the River may be paid for by them, which
may exhaust their Bounty solely designed for the Inhabitants of
Georgia; they expect that whatever Silk Balls axe raised at Ebenezer
shall be attested by you to the President and Assistants to be raised
only ty them. At the same time for their farther encouragement, the
Trustees have sent orders that Mrs. Camuse at Savannah shall Instruct
two young Women from Ebenezer, [sic] (such as you shall recommend as most
Industrious and Capable of Learning) in the Art of winding off the Silk
from the Balls. These are to be maintained at the Trustees Expence [sic]
during their Residence at Savannah. for their Intruction, and then they
will be able to teach the rest of their Neighbours [sic] the same Art, by
which means they may all carry on the business with more Success, and
may Compleat [sic] the whole themselves ready for sale.
As the Trustees are desirous of giving all the Encouragement in
their power to the Saltzburghers, [sic] who deserve so well by their Industry,
they have given orders that the Thirty seven pounds due from them to the
a Stores shall be remitted, and likewise that the Bounty upon Corn
raised by them in the year 1739 shall be paid. I am
Your very Humble servt.
B. Martyn Secry.
Mr. Martyn to Mr. Avery
Georgia. Office Westmr. 10 May 1743
The Trustees have taken into their Consideration your several
Requests for being made Surveyor, Register and Inspector of the Province
of Georgia. The first they have appointed you, but they think you will
find full Employment enough in this not to be burthen'd with any other
office. The Register has been appointed some time before, and as the
President and Assistants have in them under the Trustees, the Goverment
[sic] of the Province, They are the Inspectors of the Plantations, and the
Improvements made in them. The Grants of Land are ordered by them under
the Authority of the Trustees, and the Warrants for running out the
Lands are wrote by them. It is therefore under their Directions that
you must make your Surveys, and you must receive your Instructions from
time to time from 'em, and be always ready to go upon such Surveys as
they shall appoint.
Tho a general Survey of the Province will be undoubtedly usefull,[sic]
yet the Surveying of Lands for any particular persons either in the
northern or Southern Part; who may be in want of Lotts, and must stand
still till these are set out, will be necessary in the first
place, and therefore you must never postpone these, when the President
and Assistants direct them under any pretence [sic] of carrying on the General one, nor must you go to the Southward part of the Province for this purpose, whilst there is any want of your attendance in the Northern
Part for private Surveys, nor without the leave of the President and
The Trustees have resolved that an Allowance of four pence an
Acre shall be paid to you by the President and Assistants, for the
Setting out all such lands, making plotts [sic] thereof for the Register, and delivering a Book of Duplicates to the President and Assistants, as
they shall direct; and in case you shall not be absent your self without
leave from them, nor neglect the necessary work they shall employ you
in, and shall proceed in making a general Survey only in such manner and
at such times and places as they shall appoint, that then, if at the
end of each year the said allowance of four pence an Acre shall in any
one year fall short of one hundred pounds, the Trustees have authorized
the President and Assistants, on the before mentioned Conditions being
performed, to make up an such deficiency to the sum of One hundred
pounds. I am
Your very Humble servt.
Benj: Martyn Secy.
Mr. Verelst to Mr. Francis Moore at Frederica in Georgia
Georgia Office Westmr. 20 May 1743
The Trustees finding you returned in Super L 1,889.10.01/2 for
which you have not render'd your Accounts whereof L 1,489.10.0 1/2 Sterling
was paid you by General Oglethorpe in the year 1736 for furnishing the
Store at Frederica and L 400 sent you from Savannah upon Acct. for
defraying the Estimated Expences at Frederica, from Michs. 1739. you
are hereby required immediately to make out and Support an Acct. in what
manner the said L 1,489.10.0 1/2 was laid out by you for the Trustees
Store at Frederica in the said year 1736 and to transmit the same to
England, and also to discharge your Self to the President and Assistants
at Savannah of the said L 400 in the Estimated Expences [sic] at Frederica from
Michmas 1739. And both these Accts. are to be made out without delay,
of which the President and Assistts. [sic] residing; at Savannah, who have now
the whole Civil Government of Georgia vested in them; are made
acquainted that you may be properly called upon for performing the Same
forthwith. I am
Your most Humble servant
Mr. Verelst To Mr. Thomas Causton at Savannah
Georgia Office Westmr. 20 May 1?43
I received your Letter dat. 16 Novr. last, and have wrote to
Mr. Stephens to have the particular Articles composing your General
heads of Acct. Sent the Trustees 22d. Novr. 1739 examined into That the
Trustees may know how they are Supported, and that Copies of Such
Articles of Acct. carried into the Acct. Current of Totals of Discharge
might be sent over, together with the Debtor parts of your Acct.
As to the Store Acct. in kind disposed of, the same must be also
examined and all this can only be done on the Spot and Reported upon.
The Trustees have appointed the President and Assistants of
Savannah, the President and Assistants of the whole Province,
whereby the Civil Government thereof is invested in 'em; and to whom you
may apply on any occasion without a Voyage to England, which can be of
no use but an Expence [sic] to you, and what the Trustees will not defray. I am
Your Humble servant
Mr. Verelst to Mr. John. Dobell
Georgia Office Westmr. 20 May 1743
Your Letter to the Trustees 30 Novr. 1742 was received 11th. of
March last. The Office of Register remains in you, and Mr. Stephens is
a Instructed in what you are to be first employ'd therein, which is to
Register all the Grants of Lands already made and Claimed in Georgia,
and all Claims of Lotts or parcells [sic] of Land possessed or claimed property
of in Georgia by any person or Persons Whatsoever, with an Account how
such possession or Claim, or pretence [sic] of Claim arises which must he
forthwith transmitted to the Trustees, In order that New Grants may he
made thereof in Fee Tail to those that settled at the Publick [sic] Expence [sic] and in Fee Simple to all those who have settled or shall settle at their own Expence; [sic] and you are to have proper Assistance for the immediate Compleating [sic] this work; And when the New Grants are transmitted to Georgia, you will have a proper form of Registering them sent you to Conduct your self by.
The Trustees for your Encouragement have agreed to appoint you
Secy, for the Indian Affairs, and in Consideration of your teaching all
Children sent to you by those who desire their Instruction without any
Expence [sic] to them they have allowed you L 10 a year addition to yo\ir
Salary as Schoolmaster for that Service.
Mr. Bosomworth will soon he ordained and sent over Minister to
Savannah, and with whom the Trustees are Satisfied you will have the
same necessary Consultations as you had with his worthy Predecessor
Mr. 0rton. I am
Your most obedt. Humble servt.
Mr. Verelst fo Coll. Stephens
Georgia Office Westmr. 20 May 1743
On the 28th, last month your Letters of 22d. and 24th. Jany. last
were received with your Journal to 19th. of said Jany. whereby your
Journals from 1 Jany. 1741 are Compleat except from 6 Sept, to 27 Oct.
last which is not yet received nor the papers accompanying it.
The Accts. of payments in Georgia from Michmass 1739 to the last
of Dec. 1742 received from you amount to L 9024.13.4 of which Several
Sums appearing to the Trustees to be for his Majestys [sic] Service, you have
herewith an Account thereof amounting to 231.19.5 transmitted to you
that the President and Assistants may be reimbursed the Same for the
Trustees use by Brig. Genl. Oglethorpe for him to place to the Kings
Acct. for the Trustees Money is granted only for further Settling and
improving the Colony, and no charge arising from the defence [sic] or Security thereof can be defrayed by the Trustees, You must therefore never charge any such Expences [sic] to the Trustees Acct. for the future as they cannot allow thereof.
The Sola Bills (besides those sent as a usefull [sic] Species) for
defraying the Expences [sic]in Georgia, since Michmes [sic] 1739 amount in the whole to L 11,200 whereout deducting the total Accounts of the payments already receiv'd., there remains L 2175.6.8 yet to he accounted for. But the payments for Expences at Frederica more than are included in the said Accounts will reduce the same tho by the Letters from Frederica, the Trust dont [sic] find their allowances there have been lately paid. You was directed for want of the Acct. of L 400 Sent to Francis Moore for
defraying said Expences [sic] not to send any more Sola. Bills untill [sic] that Acct. was exhibited to you But that was not meant to he extended to the non payment of persons arriving at Frederica since who are Intitled [sic] to allowances from the Trust. And you're therefore desired forthwith to pay the same.
your [sic] Account of the Produce of Corn Pease [sic] and Potatoes raised
in the Northern Division between Christmas 1741 and Xmas 1742 amounting
to 273.2.7 1/2 the Trustees have no objection to the Payment of out of the Surplus Sola Bills unaccounted for, But there is no more Bounties of
that nature to be promised. And they also direct your payment out of
the said Fund the Bounty due to the Saltzburghers [sic] for their Produce &c raised in the year 1739 And for a further Encouragement to the Saltzburghers [sic] who deserve so well, The Trustees hereby remit the
L 37 Sterl. due from the Saltzburghers to the Trustees.
The Trustees have Settled the Expences [sic] they will defray in Georgia
by a New. Estimated Acct. thereof herewith transmitted and no other
Expence [sic] whensoever will be defrayed by them nor allowed if Charged, and they will send you Sola Bills for defraying the Same. And in order
that the Trustees may know the remainder of Sola Bills unissued you are
to transmit them monthly Accounts of Sola Bills received and Issued
distinct from the monthly payments. Charging the remainder of Sola Bills
in the Custody of the President and Assistants the first Article in
each Acct.; the Receipt of any more when any arrives and the Issues p
Contra with the Ballance [sic] remaining each month.
In the last Estimate for the Cowpen keeper L 25 - a year was
allowed him in lieu of Cloaths, [sic] Wages and Provisions, L 10 a year more for keeping two horses and L 12.03.4 a year for Clothing end Maintenance of a Servant making together 47.3.4. wch. by the Accts. transmitted to England appears to have been greatly exceed without Assigning any Cause for the Sane, or sending any Acct. of the Stock of Cattle under the Care of the said Cowpenkeeper. [sic] You are therefore required to acquaint the Trustees with the use the said Cowpenkeeper [sic] is of to the Trust and if necessary for that Expence [sic] to he continued; For they being desirous of reducing every expence [sic] on them except such as are absolutely necessary and of applying such part of the Cattle or their other live Stock at present a Charge to them. Such as their Cows and Calves and Sows as part of the Assistance to Servants out of their times. And they cannot see from any thing before them the necessity of continuing a Cowpenkeeper [sic] at their Expence or keeping any live Stock for the Trust as they have come to a Resolution to have done with all Cultivation at their Expence.[sic]
Herewith you receive an Estimate of the Expences [sic] to be defrayed
in Georgia particularly set forth amounting to L 1775.6.8. for one year
whereby the Trustees former Estimate for one year entirely ceases and
determines and this is to be the Rule and Guidance of the President and
Assistants to whom the Administration of the Civil Government of the
whole Province is now Invested as you will know by the Secretarys [sic]
The Tything [sic] men provided for were not in the last Estimate and
the President and Assistants are to consider if there is occasion for
so many as 10. Mr. John Terry the Present Recorder of Frederica; and
the Recorder thereof for the time being is appointed the Officer for
Corresponding with you upon all matters relating to the Southern part of
the Province and is also appointed to receive from the Magistrates of the
Town Court there and all persons in the Southern part having business
for the determination of the Government in Georgia whatever matters
shall require to be laid before the President and Assistants of the
whole Province (tho residing at Savannah) whose determination is to be
transmitted back to the said Recorder to Communicate the same to the
The Sums appropriated for the Relief of the Sick and poor, the
Expences [sic] in Executing Justice in Criminal Cases, the Extraordinarys
[sic] necessary in winding off the Cocons,[sic] the Charges of the Indians when
they come into either of the Towns in Georgia and for all other Incident charges whatsoever are appointed for the Whole province. And the
President and Assistants are to be as saving as possible in each Sum
so appropriated as well as not to exceed any. The Sum for the Charges
of the Cowpen the Trustees hope from what is before observed may
hereafter be saved when your Rept. thereof arrives.
And for the better enabling the President end Assistants to Order
the Act. of the Rects. and Payments to be kept the Trustees have
appropriated L 30 a year to be paid to a Clerk in Georgia for keeping
their Cash Acctr. there, entering the payments under the different
heads of Service snd making Copys thereof for the President and
Assistants to send to England.
The Trustees have fully consider'd Mrs. Camuses Allowance and the
proper Encouragements for her and have therefore provided L 60 a year
for the Charge of her Family in Consideration of their Winding off
Annually off annually [sic] the Silk from all such Cocons [sic] or Silk Balls
produced in Georgia either raised by themselves or deliverd [sic] them for
that purpose by the President and Assistants. They have further agreed
to allow her upon Instructing such Women Persons as the President and
Assistants shall place to her not exceeding ten in number to be Instructed in the Art of winding off the Silk from the Cocons [sic] or Silk
Balls the following sums that is to say L 2 for each to be paid her at
her entrance, and L 5 more for each when perfectly Instructed And as
such persons must be maintained with diet during the time of their
Instruction either by Mrs. Camuse or by themselves The Trustees in
Consideration of such persons thus employing themselves tho for their
own future benefit have agreed that the president and Assistants should
pay in lieu of such their Diet while under Instruction after the
rate of five Shillings a week to or for each persons Diet so Instructed
not exceeding the Space of 6 months in the whole or the amount of
L 6.10 Shill the Charge for each of such persons Diet during the
Respective times of their Several Instructions.
And for the Better Encouragement of Persons pursuing the produce
of Cocons [sic] or Silk Balls in Georgia and delivering them to the President and Assistants to be weighed off and sent to be wound a Bounty of 2 Shilling a pound for such Cocons [sic] or Silk Balls raised in Georgia and duly attested to be so raised, is appointed to he paid by the
President and Assistants. And the Silk annually produced from such Cocons
[sic] or Silk Balls Mrs. Camuse is to deliver to the said President and Assistants to he sent over to the Trustees for Sale in England in Order that the money arising may he a fund to be applied for future Bounties on
raising Cocons [sic] or Silk Balls while it is necessary to continue such
Bounties whereby the more the Inhabitants raise the more Silk will come
over for Sale to increase such Fund. And the Bounties being computed
adequate to the Value of the Silk the Fund will proportionably answer
such Bounties, without being exhausted.
You will observe by the Secreterys [sic] letter to Mr. Avery (a Copy
whereof being sent you) that the Office of Register is to remain in Mr.
Dobell whom the Trustees have also appointed Secretary for Indian
affairs as an Encouragement to him. The first work immediately required
from him is to Register all the Grants of Lands already made and claimed
in Georgia, and all Claims of Lots or parcells [sic] of Land possessed or
Claimed property of in Georgia by any person or persons whatsoever with
an Account how such possession or Claim, or pretence [sic] of Claim arises, which must be forthwith transmitted to the Trustees, in order that new Grants may be made thereof in Fee Tail to those Settled at the Publick [sic] Expence, [sic] and in Fee Simple to those who have Settled or shall Settle at their own Expence, [sic] and only under the Quit Rents which shall be payable to his Majesty and Lord Carteret, in Case they do appoint proper persons to collect the same when payable, without expecting such Quit Rents from the Trustees; which the Trustees are endeavouring [sic] to obtain.
And the said Hew Grants will be under no other forfeituires than for non
payment of the Quit Rents reserved for 6 months after due, or not
cultivating one Eighth part of the Lands granted in 10 Years from
the Grants. This Essential necessary work requiring dispatch you are to
provide the Register with proper Assistance for Compleating [sic] it, whichWork Includes the whole province, and when sent over to England a
Duplicate must follow it in case of Accidents at Sea.
After this is over, and the New Grants transmitted to Georgia the
Register will have a form of Registering sent him to Conduct himself by.
Herewith you receive a Copy of the Trustees letter to Francis
Moore to lay before the President and Assistants to Require their
calling upon Mr. Moore by their Correspondent for the Compleating [sic] what is required of him.
And you also receive a Copy of the Trustees letter to Mr. Causton
in Answer to one they lately received from him; and it is recommended to
you to lay the same before the President and Assistants That proper
means may be used for a determination of this Account with Mr. Causton.
Herewith you receive a Coppy [sic] of the Abstracts of Letters from
Charles Town laid before the Trustees by Mr. James Crokatt Merchant
relating to Proceedings in Georgia against Robert Vaughan, which the
President and Assistants are to inquire into; and whatever irregular
Proceedings, if any have been in this Case, they are to be rectified,
and the said President & Assistants are to be carefull [sic] in Supporting the due Administration of Justice.
Mr. Dobells appointment of Secretary of Indian Affairs, will be
made out and sent over; as also a Deed, and Instructions for appointing
the President and Assistants at Savannah, President & Assistants of the
whole Province, And in Case of a Presidents [sic] Death for appointing the Assistants to Exercise the full power of President and Assistants, and the first named Assistant to preside untill [sic] they receive the Trustees further Orders. I am Sir
Your most obedt. Servt.
You will find by Mr. Terrys Letter from the Trust (Copy whereof
is herewith sent you) that he has drawn a Bill for L 21.1.8 which as
his Case was Circumstanced, may be paid as you will see p said Letter,
and you are to Act according to such Copy thereof sent you for your
Guidance and you have also Copies of the Trustees Letter to Mr. Dobell,
Mr. Causton and Mr. Fra. Moore for your perusal end Guidance.
An Estimate of the Expences [sic] allotted by the Common Council of the
Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America, to
he continued in Georgia for one year, to Commence from Midsummer
1743 in lieu of their former Estimate which Commenced from
Michmas 1739, and at Midsumer 1743 does Cease and Determine
To the President of Georgia..................................80. 0. 0
The First Bailiff of Savannah having a larger Salary
than the other two to Act as one of the Assistants
without any further Allowance
To the 2d. and 3d. Bailiffs there to Act as Two more of
the Assistants at 10 a year each for that Service . . . . 20. 0. 0
To a 4th. Assistant........................................20. 0. 0
To the Clerk of the Presidt. & Assistants...................5. 0. 0
125. 0. 0
To the Sectary, of the Trust, within the Province...........100. 0. 0
And for a Clerk to him ......................................25. 0. 0
125. 0. 0
To the 1st Bailiff of Savannah at 30 a year And
for the Maintenance and Cloathing [sic] of 2 Servants
at 12.3.4 Each.. ...........................................54. 6. 8
To the 2d. and 3d. Bailiffs there at L 20 a,
year each And for the Maintenance and
Cloathing [sic] of two Servants
for each of them at 12.3.4 each............................. 88.13. 4
To the Recorder there at L 10 a year, his Clerk at
L 20 a year and for the Maintenance and Cloathing
[sic] of a Servant at 12.3.4 ..................................52.3.4
To Two Constables there at 10 a year each......................20. 0. 0
To Ten Tythingmen there at 5 L a year each......................50. 0. 0
To a Schoolmaster there at......................................10.0. 0
And in Consideration of his Teaching all Children
Sent him by those who desire the Instruction with
out any Expence [sic] to them for that Service to allow
him more .....................................................10. 0. 0
To the Parish Clerk there.........................................5.0.0
To the Publick [sic] Midwife there (besides 5 P laying) ..........5.0.0
To the Gardner there..............................................20.0.0
And for mending the Militia Arms at Savannah......................15.0.0
For the Maintenance and Cloathing [sic] of 2 Servants to
be employed in the Cultivation of 3OO Acres of Land
appropriated for the Residing Minister at Savannah
at L 12.3.4. a year Each...........................................24.6.8
To the Schoolmaster at Ebenezer....................................5.0.0
To the Pilot at Tybee L 40 & for 1 hand & Provision not
exceeding L1O.....................................................50. 0.0
To the 1st. Bailiff of Frederica at L30
a year and forthe Maintenance &
Cloathing [sic] of a Servt. at 12.3.4 ........................... 42.3.4
To the 2d. & 3d. Bailiffs there at 15 a Year
And in Consideration of the Smallness of that
Allowance and to Encourage them to discharge
their Duty Faithfully 12.3.4 to each is allowed
for the Maintenance and Cloathing [sic] of a
To the Recorder there at 20 L a year and for the
Maintenance & Cloathing[sic] a Servt. at L 12.3.4
To the the Correspondent there with the President
and Assistants who reside at Savannah..............................10.0.0
And to encrease [sic] his Allowance on the Investing
the Civil Power of the whole province in the
Presidt. & Assistts. and that such Correspondt.
should be the Recorder of Frederica for the time
being who is to transmit to Savannah the Accts.
of all those Matters relating to the Civil
Governmt. at Frederica which require the
Authority of the Presidt. and Assistants to
To the Parish Clerk at Frederica................................... 5.0.O
To the Publick [sic] Midwife there (besides 5s laying) ............ 5.0.0
To Two Constables there at L 10 a year Each........................20.0.0
To the Two Pilots at Jekyll on St. Simons One
at each Entrance and at L 20 Each..................................40.0.0
For Repair of Indian Arms .........................................20.0.0
To the Register of the Province....................................20.0.0
To the Land Surveyor of the Province not Exceeding................100.0.0
For Relief of the Sick end Poor in the whole Province
For an Allowance to Widow Vanderplank, who Husband was
Naval Officer, For the Maintenance and Clothing a Servant ........ 12.3.4
For Expences [sic] in the Execution of Justice in Criminal
Cases in the whole Province ........................................50- -
To Mrs. Camuses Family in Consideration of their Winding
off the Coquons [sic] or Silk Balls and sending over all the
Silk annually produced.............................................60.0.0
For all Extreordinary [sic] Necessaries in the said winding
off the Coquons [sic] or Silk Balls not exceeding.................15. -.-
For Charges of the Indians when they come to the Towns
in Georgia, not exceeding........................................100. -.-
For Charges at the Cowpen at Ebenezer [sic]
not exceeding L 70. But an Acct. to he sent
of the Stock of Cattle there, and the use thereof
to the Trust, and whether the Expence[sic] of
the said Cowpen is necessary to he born by the
Trust or not .................................................... 70. -.-
For a Surgeon and Apothecary to dispense the
Medicines and have an house and 50 Acres of
Land & an Allowance of/For 20. -.-
a Clerk under the Direction of the Presidt. &
Asstts. to be Employ'd for keeping the
Cash Accts. in Georgia, and entering the
Payments there under the different heads of
Service, and making Copies thereof for the
President and Assists, to send to England ........................30. -.-
And for all Incident Charges whatsoever in the Whole
Province, not Exceeding .........................................350.-.-.
To His Excellcy. Brigadier Genl. Oglethorpe
Georgia Office Westmr. 20 May 1743
On the 24th. of last month the Trustees received your letter
dated 12 Feby. "before, they have been very much concerned to find you
left destitute of Support so long, and that the Affairs of North
America have "been so neglected. The Trustees Situation "by the great
expences [sic] incurr'd [sic]for his Majestys [sic] Service "being placed to the Account of Georgia,, without distinguishing it as the Seat of War, and the Military Defence, [sic] from the Expence [sic]of the Civil Government and Settling and improving thereof has made their application for Support go on very vheavily, and their being without any in the first Session of this Parliament; and what was voted in the last Session is expected to be
for a two years Fund at least, with a doubt if any more shall be
granted; Therefore tho they must be carefull [sic] in their future Expences [sic] the Trustees have agreed to assist Capt. Dunbars Recruits with the Passage of Sixty freights of Women and Children and an Allowance for their Subsistance [sic] till embarked.
The [sic] have also appointed the president and Assistants of the Whole
Province, whose Residence will continue to be at Savannah; And the
Recorder of Frederica for the time being is appointed their Correspondent
to transmitt [sic] to the said President and Assistts. all papers and matters arising in the Southern part of the province, which may require the determination of the Civil Government, in whom Government is now placed. And the Trustees hope that all due obedience will he paid to such
Governmt. in what relates to the Civil affairs of the Province.
As to what concerns the Military, They are under the Care of one who has
the proper defence [sic] of his Majestys [sic] Frontier much at heart, and who has miraculously preserved it under Gods Blessing so long, and whom the Trustees heartily wish may be timely supported.
The losses on the late Invasion, the Trustees are of Opinion is
a National concern, and ought to he made good to the Sufferers in their
Names, and upon due Certificates of their respective Sufferings with the
amount of each; Which when brought before Parliament will plead it self.
The Trustees agree that Foreign Servants are absolutely necessary
to assist the Industrious Inhabitants in Georgia, and they are \
endeavouring [sic] to send some over to be distributed as the President and Assistants shall approve.
And they hope, that as there is a Civil Governmt. established,
and the peoples lands made to Center in their Owners, by those settled
at the Publick [sic] Expence holding them in Fee Tail, and by those at their own expence [sic] holding them in Fee Simple under the Quit Rents reserved to his Majesty and Lord Carteret, to be paid to their Collectors When due by the Grantees, and the Trustees to be exonerated therefrom, Which they are endeavouring [sic] to obtain; Industry and Contentment will revive in the whole Province, as w'ell as in any particular part.
Mr. Thomas Bosomworth will soon be ordained, and sent over a
The Sums mentioned as in Supers on you in the Trustees Acct.
Which have been sent you will be posted off, as soon as the remainder
of your Accounts of the Charges of the Colony from your last arrival in
Georgia to Michas [sic] 1739, shall arrive; those you did send have been duly Creditted [sic] you.
The Trustees have sent to Francis Moore for his Accompts [sic]
of the Application of L 148.10.1/2 Sterling he received from you, for
furnishing the Store house at Frederica in the year 1739, which he has
never yet discharged himself from, and they have also sent to him to
render his Accompt [sic] to the President and Assistants of L 400 Sent him
upon Acct, to defray the Estimated Expences [sic] at Frederica from Michmsss [sic] 1739
The Trustees Expences in Georgia from Midsummer 1743 are Estimated for one year, and sent over to the President and Assistants, who
are strictly to adhere to them and prevent any exceeding thereof.
In the Accompts [sic] received from Georgia of the Trustees Expences
from Michmass 1739 to 31 Dec. 1742, the Trustees have observed many
Sums for his Majestys [sic]Service, tho charged to the Trustees, which cannot
be allowed by 'em, but are proper to be placed by you to the Kings
Accompt; [sic] They have therefore sent over an Acct. of such Sums, amounting
to 231.18.5 within the said three years and quarter, to the President
and Assistants to Claim the Reimbursement thereof from you for the
Trustees use; And herewith you receive a List of the said Sums as
enter'd in the said Accompts [sic] received by the Trustees from Georgia. And
the President and Assistants are Instructed not to charge any such
Articles to the Trustees Accompt [sic] for the future, as they cannot be
allowed by them. I am
Your most obedient Servant
Mr. Verelst to Mr. John Terry
Georgia Office 31 May 1743
Your draught for 21.1.8 to Captain Thomson dat. 14 Jany. last
on Acct. of yr. Salary as Recorder I shall lay before the Trustees; and
as they know your Cane was particular I hope I may obtain payment
thereof, but they will not permit Bills to be drawn on them for the
Current Service of the Colony, as they send Sola Bills to the President
and Assistants Care to be issued for defraying such Service according to
the Trustees Estimate.
I have acquainted Mr. Stephens of his Bill that he may pay you so
much short on the Estimated Allowance but you must never attempt to draw
another Bill on the Trustees or me for them on any Acct. whatsoever.
Your most Hum. Servt.