- Transcripts of the Earl of Egmont papers
- Letters to Georgia, v. 14210, 1739 April-1740 June
- Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
- Date of Original:
- Causton, Thomas, 1692-ca. 1745--Correspondence
Christie, Thomas, fl. 1733-1742--Correspondence
Martryn, Benjamin, 1699-1763--Correspondence
Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785--Correspondence
Perceval, John, Earl, 1683-1748--Correspondence
Fort Frederica (Ga.)
Georgia--Politics and government--To 1775
Georgia--Social life and customs--To 1775
Indians of North America--Georgia
- United States, Georgia, Glynn County, Saint Simons Island, 31.15051, -81.36954
United States, Georgia, Chatham County, Savannah, 32.08354, -81.09983
papers (document genre)
- Metadata URL:
- Digital Object URL:
- Original Collection:
- Box 5, Volume 14210, Transcripts of Earl of Egmont papers, ms1786, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.
- Holding Institution:
- Hargrett Library
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to the Honble. General Oglethorpe
dated at Westmr. April 2d. 1739.
The Trustees in their last Letter could not give You the
Satisfaction you might expect, relating to their Application to
Parliament, as they had not presented their Petition, and were uncertain
as to the Event of it. It has since been taken into Consideration,
and on the 26th. of last month L 20,000 were voted for the further
settling and improving the Colony. Their Success in this was partly
owing to the critical Situation of Affairs (Georgia being at present
more generally looked on as a National Concern than it has been) and
to the Trustees vigorous Representations of the Debts of the Province,
and what has occasioned them; and that they shall not be liable to any
others for the future. As the Trustees therefore are absolutely sure,
that they shell never be able to procure any more extraordinary Grants
from Parliament for maintaining the People or keeping up any Stores,
they hope the People will after having been supported for seven Years,
give no Room to the World to Suspect, that it is owing either to their
want of Industry or the badness of the Soil or Climate that they cannot
That the Trustees may come at a compleat [sic] knowledge of the
Publick [sic] Debts of the Province, they desire that attested Copies of all Accounts between the Trust and any Persons in Georgia of their
Demands upon the Store, as well as the Stores demands upon them (whether
by money, Servants or Goods) which have hitherto been perfected in
pursuance of your Orders, as signified in your Letter of the 7th. of
October last, and not already sent, be transmitted with all convenient
Speed and particularly an attested Copy of Mr. Hortons Accot. of Cattle
and Corn advanced to the Inhabitants of Frederica.
They have likewise prepared a Commission for examining and
Stating the Publick [sic] Debts of the Colony, and have prepared Instructions for the Commissioners. By the measures which they are taking to discharge the Debts, the remaining Stores will be freed from those Debts, and applicable only to the future Support of the Colony.
The Trustees were pleased Sir, with the Directions which You
had given, that those who had lodged any of their private Goods in the
Store should have them immediately restored to them again.
The Trustees cannot but take Notice how much the Publick [sic]is
indebted to You Sir, for the great Zeal which You have shown for sup-
porting the Colony in its Exigencies, even at the Expence [sic] of your own Fortune; But they hope now they shall soon be able to send over the
The Commissioners who are to State the Publick [sic] Debts of the
Colony are likewise instructed to examine and State Mr. Causton's
and Mr. Bradley's Accots. which have given the Trustees great Uneasiness. The Trustees observe what Mr. Causton ha.\s said in Extenuation of
his Offences [sic]; As to the converting of the Publick [sic] Money for his own use, it was not in his Power, being too glaring an Act; but he had it in his Power to apply for his own Benefit the Stores and Servants which
they find he has done.
The Trustees Sir, have taken into Consideration the Petition of
the old Freeholders at Frederica during a Loan of two pounds of meat,
six pounds of Bread kind and one pint of Molasses each head p Week.
As they find by the Postscript of Your Letter of October the 7th. that
their Petition was reduced by their own Consent to two pounds of meat
each head p week, they are willing for an Encouragement to gratify
them in this till Michaelmas next and no longer. They therefore
desire (as they will not keep any Store open but for those whom they
are obliged to maintain) that You will advance to the Petitioners in
Money the Value of two pounds of meat each head p Week till Michaelmas
next. They also desire Sir that You will make the same advance for
the same time to the five Persons lately arrived at Frederica, who
petitioned to be supported till they could Support themselves, which
the Trustees say they cannot and will not undertake,* especially as the
said Persons were not sent over by them.
The Trustees Sir observe in Your Letter that Mention is made of
an Establishment at St. Andrews consisting of Nineteen of the Trust
Servants and ten hired Men; that You have reduced the ten upon
hire, but thought it necessary to allow them one months Pay for their
Return home; As the Trustees suppose the Pay of the ten Men has already
been defrayed by You Sir, they are willing to allow it, but they do not
know what Services the nineteen Trust Servants are employed upon,
unless upon the Fortifications, which do not belong to the Trust, and
which they cannot be at any Expence [sic] about, or maintain any Servants
The Trustees have sent by the Charles Captn. Haeramond 80
Barrels of Flour almost 25 lb wt. of Cheese and 30 firkins of Butter;
They have ordered that these and the future Stores the Storekeeper do
receiver by the Bill of Lading in the Presence of Mr, Stephens and the
first and second Bailiff, or any two of them, who are to testify the
Receipt of the same, and that the Storekeeper do not deliver out any
part of the Stores but under the Directions (by written Orders) of
Mr. Stephens and the first and second Bailiff or any two of them; And
that the Issue of the Stores be in the first place to the Trust Servants,
in the second to the Widows and Orphans, and afterwards to such of the
People as are in necessity from Sickness or any unavoidable Calamity.
The Trustees have given Directions that an Accot. should he made
up of all kinds of the Stores that shall appear to remain at the time
the present provisions shall arrive there, distinguishing the
respective Species and Persons in whose hands the same shall appear to
be. They have also directed that the Storekeeper do keep an Accot. of
the Sex, Age, Name and Condition of every Person to whom any Part is
issued, and that he do punctually make up his Accots. every month
which are to he attested by Mr. Stephens and the first end second
Bailiff, or any two of them and transmitted every Opportunity.
The Trustees have appointed Mr. Richard White to have the Care
of the Provisions to be sent to the Southern part of the Province,
which are to he issued only by Directions (in written Orders) of Mr.
Stephens and the first and second Bailiff of Frederica or any two of
them in the same manner and under the same Limitations as at Savannah;
And he is to Observe that the same Method in his Accots. which are to
he attested by Mr, Stephens and the first and second Bailiff of
Frederica or any two of them, and are to he transmitted every
When the Stores now in Georgia, and those sent by this Ship are
issued, the Trustees are determined that there shall he no more Stores
in either part of the Province but that all Payments shall be made in
Mr. Bradley being discharged by the Trustees from being Overseer
of the Trust Servants, the Trustees have given Orders that Mr. Stephens
and the first and second Bailiff of Savannah do find out and appoint a
proper Overseer of the Trust Servants in the Northern part of the
Province, and that Mr. Stephens and the first and second Bailiff of
Frederica do find out and appoint a proper Overseer of the Trust
Servants in the Southern part; And that the Overseers do keep Accot.
how many of the Servants are employed and of the Progress of their
Labour agreeable to the Trustees Letter of the 11th. of August Last;
And the Accots. are to he attested by Mr. Stephens and the Bailiffs
or any two of them for each Division, and transmitted by every
The Trustees have ordered L 20.-.- to be given to Mr. Stephens
to pay the Expenses he has contracted by the Sickness of his Family,
and L 30. more in Consideration of his Losses by his Servants Sickness.
They have also ordered that what money is due to Mr. Norris the
Minister be paid to him and desire that You will give it to him, as
well as the L 50 to Mr. Stephens, out of the Sola Bills which You
carried over with You. They think it necessary that for the future,
the Ministers Salary of L 50 p ann be paid to him Quarterly in Money.
That the Trustees may have it in their power to evince the
great Utility of the Province, they desire that You will send them by
the first Opportunity Plans of all the Forts in Georgia and their
Situation, and likewise as particular a Description as may be of all
the Islands and Ports and their Situations between Savannah and St.
The Trustees intend to take into their Consideration the
Services of Mr. Camuse.
A Committee is appointed by the Trustees to prepare a Law
that the Legal Possessors for the time being of Lands in Georgia being
Tenants in Tail Male only, shall be impowered [sic] in default of Issue
Male by any Deed or Writing, or by their last Will and Testament
(attested by two or more credible Witnesses to be registered in a
limitted [sic] time) to appoint any Daughter as his Successor To hold to her
and the Heirs Male of her Body, and in Case of no Daughter any Male or
Female Relation Provided that the Person or Persons so appointed do in
Court personally appear and Claim the Lott devised to her within 18
Months after the Death of the Grantor or Devisor and in Default of
such Claim the Lot to remain to the Trustees to he granted out by them.
Sir with great Respect
Your most Obedient
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martin to Mr. Auspourger Dated at
Westminster April 2d. 1739.
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia do desire
that You will send them Maps of ell the Lands which you have surveyed,
and Accounts for whom the Lands are, in what place, the Number of
Acres, and the nature of the different soils, and that you will
continue from time to time to do the same.
Your very humble Servant
Benj: Martyn Sectary.
By the Charles Captn. Henry Haeramond
By the Prince Captn. Bowles.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr.
Dated at Westminster April 2d. 1739.
The Trustees received your Letter Dated the 2d. January last and
your Journal therewith if transmitted; they came to the Office the l6th,
of last Month, and will he considered by the first Opportunity, and
their observations and Directions which have arisen on your preceeding
[sic] Journals or shall arise upon this last will be sent You with all
But having observed that Joseph Hetherington Henry Bishop, and
Francis Elgar (Servant to Mrs. Lacey) had been Indicted of Felony in
killing some Cattle belonging to Henry Parker, and had been found
Guilty of the Indictment; And that the Magistrates had suspended
passing a Judgment upon, them till they had the Trustees Direction;
The Trustees are surprised that the Magistrates have not applied to
them for their Opinion. If the case had been laid before the Trustees,
they would have been inclinable to think that they ought not to have
been Indicted of Felony; but upon a clear Conviction of any persons
Stealing or killing any Cattle that appeared to be the Property of any
other person, the proper Punishment would be a Pecuniary Mulct [a fine or compulsory payment] of three times the Value.
Herewith you receive a Copy of the Bill of Lading consigned to
Mr. Abercomby at Charles Town to be sent to Mr. Thomas Jones from
him which consists of 80 Barrells [sic] of Flour, 30 Firkins of Butter, and
14 Casks of Cheese, and a Box of Books directed to the Reverend Mr.
Norris, which is to be delivered to him; and herewith you have a Copy
of the Invoyce [sic] of the said Flour, Butter and Cheese. These Provissions [sic] Mr. Jones is to receive by the said Copy of the Bill of Lading in your
presence together with the First and Second Bailiff at Savannah or any
two of you who are to Testify his Receipt thereof, and thereby become a
charge on him as Storekeeper. And the Trustees have directed his
discharge thereof to be only by Written Orders from any two of the
three beforementioned, and that he punctually make up his Accounts
every month, not only of the Provisions now sent, but also of the
Issue of the Stores remaining unissued on the Receipt hereof, with
an Account of such remain which are to be issued only by like Written
Orders: which Accts. are to be transmitted to the Trustees by every
opportunity, attested by your self and the said first and second
Bailiff or any two of them.
And such pert of these Provisions as shall he thought necessary
to he sent to the Southward, are to he forwarded from Savannah to Mr.
Richard White at Frederica, with a particular List thereof to he sent
to him and the first and second Bailiff there; to he delivered to him
in their presence who are to testify his Receipt thereof, and thereby
he a Charge on him as Storekeeper, And the Trustees direct his Discharge thereof to he only by Written orders from the said Bailiffs
and your self when there or any two of them, and that he punctually
Make up his Accots, every month not only of the part of these
Provisions which shall he sent him but also of the Issue of the Stores
remaining unissued on the Receipt hereof under his Care, with an
Accot. of such remain, which are to he issued only by like Written
orders; Which are to he transmitted to the Trustees by every
opportunity and are to he signed by the said Bailiffs and your Self when at Frederica or any two of them.
And the Trustees have ordered that the Issue of the Stores in
Georgia shall be in the first place to the Trustees Servants, and
after them to the Widows and Orphans or to such Planters who are in
Necessity from Sickness or any unavoidable Calamity.
And the said Accots. of the remains of Stores at Savannah and
Frederica are to distinguish the several Species thereof and in whose
hands they shall appear to be; and the respective Storekeepers in
their Accots. of the Issues of the said Remain of Stores, and of the
Provisions now sent, are also to distinguish the Sex, Age, Name, and
Condition of every Person to whom any part is Issued.
The Trustees having discharged Mr. William Bradley from the care
of their Servants, and from their Service in any manner whatsoever;
they have directed that You and the First and Second Bailiff of Savannah
do appoint a proper Overseer of the Trustees Servants in the northern
part of the Province and that You and the first and second Bailiff
of Frederica do appoint a proper Overseer for the Southern part of the Province whom the Trustees direct should be persons no way
concerned in the Cultivation of Lands of their own; And for that purpose intend in their Estimate to commence from Midsummer next to provide allowances for them and untill [sic] that time when they know their
Services performed will consider them for it; And the Trustees direct
that the said Overseers do keep Accots. of the progress of the Trustees
Servants in their Labour agreeable to the Directions they sent the 11th.
August last, and how many are employed; And the said Overseers Accots.
are to be attested by your self and the said Bailiffs or any two of
them for each part of the Province and to be transmitted by every
The Trustees in consideration of your Expences [sic] by the Sickness
of your Family have allowed you L 20 to defray that expence [sic] , and in
consideration of your loss by your Servants Sickness they have allowed
You L 30 more which Sums are to be paid You out of the L 500 in the
Trustees Sola Bills Genl. Oglethorpe brought over with him; And the
Trustees in their Estimate from Midsummer next will consider you for
the additional Business they have directed you to Transact, being very
desirous to encourage you as far as in their power to continue that
care and full Intelligence in the Trustees Affairs you have hitherto
The Trustees have also directed that the Salary of L 50 a year
due to the Reverend Mr. Norris should he paid him out of the said
L 500 in Sola Bills; and that the said Salary shall he paid for the
The Trustees desire you will send them an exact List of all the
Trustees Servants, with their several times of Service, to which they
are respectively engaged; And they desire to know what will be the
expence [sic] fully to Maintain by the Week in Victuals and
Cloaths [sic] each Servant, The Trustees intending to defray all
Expences [sic] with ready Money, and to have no future Store.
Herewith you receive a Commission appointing your self Mr.
Henry Parker and Mr. Thomas Jones Commissioners for examining the
several Items of the following Accots. certified by Mr. Thomas Causton
Copies whereof are herewith sent You, excepting two not yet demanded,
An Accompt Certified the 21st. January 1737 to Captn.
William Thomson for L 469.1.l 1/2
An Accompt Certified the 25th. March 1738 to Messrs.
Samuel Montaigut & Co. for L 772.4.7
An Accompt Certified the 15th. April 1738 to the Executors
of Paul. Jenys Esqr. for L 590.13.7
Two Accompts. Certified the 29th. of the same Month to
Messrs. Pytt and Tuckwell, the one for L 102.5.01/4 and
the other for L 79.13.7
Not yet demanded of the Trustees
( An Accompt Certified the 15th. June 1738 to Recompence
( Stanherry for L 68.13.11
( An accomnt. Certified the 25th. of the same month to Messrs.
( Pytt and Tuckwell for L 225.7.2 1/2
An Accompt Certified the 5th August 1738 to Messrs. Samuel
Montaigut & Co. for L 426.0.2
And An Accompt Certified the 20th. of the same month to Messrs.
Robert and John Williams for L 587.13.
And also to examine and state the several Debts owing by the Store in
Georgia the 10th. October last which are specified in a List thereof
herewith sent you. Copied from that the Trustees received from you the
22d. January last amounting in the whole to 6,688.1.2-3/4 and to
examine and state whether any part thereof are included in the beforementioned Certified Accompts; And if any and what part of either hath at
any time been paid and satisfied, And also to state how much of the
Accompt certified to the Executors of Paul Jenys Esqr. now remains
due, after the Credit for the Duty of Rum and L 3.3.0 otherwise due
to the Trustees is given, according to the Accompt herewith sent You
as Stated by the Trustees. In which Commission a power is given to the
Commissioners to administer Oaths to the Claiments [sic] and Persons they
shall produce in Evidence.
And herewith you receive Instructions for the Executing the said
Commission, and for examining and Stating the Accots. of Mr. Thomas
Causton and Mr. William Bradley.
The Trustees at their Anniversary Meeting having ordered
a Law to be prepared for the following purpose, the same is
now drawing; and they hope it will prove satisfactory to all the Free
holders of Georgia.
"That the Legal possessors for the time being of Lands in
Georgia being Tenants in Tail male only, shall be
impowered [sic] in default of such Issue Male by any Deed in
Writing, or by their last Will and Testament attested by
two or more credible Witnesses, to appoint any Daughter as
his Successor To hold to her and the Heirs Male of her Body;
And in case he shall have no Daughters, to appoint any one
Male or Female Relation and the Heirs Male of his or her Body
as his Successor Provided always and upon express Condition
that the person or persons so appointed as aforesaid shall
and do in [ ] Court personally appear and claim
within 18 Months after the Death of such Grantor or Devisor
the Lot so granted or devised to him or her as aforesaid.
And in default of such appearance and claim as aforesaid the
said Lot shall he and remain to the Trustees to he granted
out by Them.
Dr. Berriman preached before the Trustees that day, and I have
sent you Six of his Sermons and will send more by the next opportunity.
Your most Obedient Servant
Harman Verelst Accotant.
2d. April 1739.
Please to acquaint Mr. Henry Parker
with what relates to him, and Mr.
Richard White, and the first and second
Bailiff of Frederica with what relates
to them, I have wrote to Mr. Jones.
By the Charles Captn, Henry Haeramond
By the Prince Captn. Bowles.
An Invoice of 80 Casks of Flour, 30 Firkins of Butter and 14
Casks of Cheese Shipped on Board the Charles Captn. Henry Haeramond
by Bill of Lading dated 3lst. of March 1739.
G X C
No. 1 to 50 containing 31 1/4 Quarters of Household and second
mixt Flour "being 5 Bushells [sic] in each Cask at 23s
p 5 Bushells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .L 57.10.0
The Casks at 2/6 each . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5.0
Filling and treading the same at 3d p Cask . . . . . . 0.12.6
Proportion of Cocquet end Cliarges of Shipping . . . . 0.11.7
Freight and Primage 6 1/2 Tons at 22s . . . . . . . . 6.17.6
Insurance and Proportion of Policy . . . . . . . . . . 1.16.2
Whereout allowed for Bounty on Exportation
pi 5 p Quarter.)
But the proportion of the Debr. and charge
of recg. it must he deductd.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 4.8
L 66. 8.1
which is L 1.6.7 P Cask of 2 1/2 lb. wt. each
No. 51 to 80 containing 18-3/4 Quarters of Household Flour
being 5 Bushells (sic) in each Cask at 24s/6d p
5 Bushells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36.15.0
The Casks at 2s /6d each. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.15.0
Filling & treading the same at 3d a Cask . . . . . . . . . 0. 7.6
Brough over . . . 40.17. 6
Proportion of Cockett & Charges of Shippg. . . . . . . . . .0. 7. 5
Freight and Primage 3-3/4 Tons at 22s . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 2. 6
Insurance and proportion of Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 4. 6
Whereout allowed for Bounty on )
Exportation at 5s P Quarter . .)
But the proportion of the Debr.)
and Charge of recg. it must be ) 0. 7. 5
deducted . . . . . . . . . . . )
4. 6. 4
L 42. 5. 7
which is L 1.8.2 p Cask of 2 1/2 lb. wt. ea.
No. 1 to 30 Firkins of Butter at 24s ea. . . . . . . . . . 36. -. -
Charges of Shipping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0. 7. 0
Freight and Primage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 2. 0
Insurance and proportion of Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.19. 7
38. 8. 7
Which is L 1.5.7-1/2 P Firkin
No. 1 to 14. containing 91 Chessire [sic] Cheeses wt.
24:2:21 at 25s/6 p lb. wt. . . . . . . 31. 9. 6
Cask and Package. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.17. 0
Charges of Shipping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0. 7. 0
Freight and Primage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 7. 6
Insurance and proportion of Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.17. 7
which is L 0.0.3 half farthing p lb. )
weight on L 1.9.2 p lb. wt. . . . . .)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thos. Jones Dated at Westminster
2d. April 1739.
Herewith You receive a Copy of the Bill of Lading consigned to
Mr. Abercromby at Charles Town and of the Invoice of the Flour, Butter
and Cheese. These Provisions You are to receive in the presence of
Wm. Stephens Esqr. Mr. Henry Parker and Mr. Robert Gilbert or any two
of them, who are to testify the same, thereby to become a Charge on
You as the Store keeper; and the Trustees have directed Your discharge
therefrom to be by written Orders from any two of them.
You are on Receipt hereof to send the Trustees an Account of the
several Species of Store in Your Care, or deliver the same to Mr.
Stephens to be forwarded, and such Remain is to be issued by like
written Orders; Of which Issues and of the Provisions now sent You are
to make up Monthly Accounts, and to distinguish the Sex, Age, Hame,
and Condition of every Person to whom any part is issued, and Mr.
White is to do the Same for such part as he shall have the Care of at
Frederica. Which Accots. Mr. Stephens has Directions to transmit to
the Trustees by every Opportunity.
Herewith You receive a Commission appointing William Stephens
Esqr. Mr. Henry Parker and You self Commissioners for examining
the several Items of the following Accots. certified by Mr. Thomas
Causton. Copies whereof ore herewith sent Mr. Stephens excepting two
not yet demanded.
An Accompt certified the 21st. Janry. 1737 to Captn. Wm. Thomson
for L 469-l.l-1/2
An Accompt certified the 25th. March. 1738. to Messrs. Saml.
Montaigut & Co. for L 772.4.7.
An Accompt certified the 15th. April 1738 Executors of
Paul Jenys Esqr. for L 590.13.7.
Two Accompts certified the 29th. of the same month to Messrs.
Pytt & Tuckwell, the one for L 102.5.01/2 & the other for L 79.13.7.
Not yet demanded of ye Trustees
An Accompt certified the 15th. of June 1738 to Recompence
Stanbery for L 68.13.ll.
An Accompt certified the 25th. of the same Month to Messrs.
Pytt and Tuckwell for L 225:7:2 1/4.
An Accompt certified the 5th. of August 1738 to Messrs. Sami.
Montaigut and Co: for L 426.0.2.
And an Accompt certified the 20th. of the same month to Messrs.
Robert end John Willisms for L 587:13;0 And also to examine and State
the several Debts owing by the Store in Georgia the 10th. of October
last which are Specified in a List thereof sent Mr. Stephens, Copied
from that the Trustees received from him the 22d. of January last
amounting in the whole to L 6688.1.2-3/4. and to examine and State
wether any part thereof are included in the before mentioned certified
Accompts. and if any and what part of either hath at any time
been paid and satisfied; And also to State how much of the Accot.
certified to the Executors of Paul Jenys Esqr. now remains due after
the Credit for the Duty of Rum and L 3:3:0 otherwise due to the
Trustees is given according to the Accot, sent Mr, Stephens as stated
by the Trustees. In which Commission a Power is given to the Commissrs.
to administer Oaths to the Claimants and Persons they shall produce in
The Box of Books directed to the Reverend Mr. Norris is to be
I am Sir
Your Most humble Servant
By the Charles Captn. Henry Haeramond
By the Prince Captn. Bowles.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to the Revd. Mr. Bolzius Dated
2d. April 1739 at Westminster
George Sanftlehen the Carpenter having been at Augsburgh with
Mr. Urlsperger, and brought with him by Mr. Urlspergers Approbation
John Caspar Ulich a Shoemaker, and five single Saltzburgh Women named
Ann Elizabeth Sanftlehen, Margareta Berenberger, Elizabeth Wasserman,
Margaret Egger, and Gertrude Lachnear; The Trustees have forwarded them
by the first opportunity to join Your Congregation at Ebenezer, hoping
they will be of the Use You expected them.
At the request of the Shoemaker the Trustees have supplied him
with Leather and Wax to the Amount of L 10.19.10. Sterling which he
chose himself, and has the Possession of; In Consideration whereof he
has agreed to make Shoes for Your Orphan House to be delivered at
half Price to that amount, the Leather being thus paid for.
The Trustees hope Your People go on well, and they recommend
it very strongly to You, that Your School master do instruct the
Saltzburgh Children in the English Language, in which You cannot oblige
them more than the promoting that language in their Education and to be
used among Your People who by settling in Georgia are become
Subjects to His Britannick [sic] Majesty, and being Members of a British
Colony should show the same by speaking the Language of it, and thereby
become naturalized to it.
Your Most Obedt. Servant
By the Charles Captn. Henry Haeramond
By the Prince Captn. Bowles.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Wm. Bradley Dated at
Westminster 2d. April 1739.
The Trustees have this day discharged You from being Overseer of
their Servants, and from all other their Service in the Province of
Georgia. And they have appointed William Stephens Esqr. Mr. Henry
Parker and Mr. Thomas Jones Commissioners for examining & stating Your
Accots. and the Service performed by their Servants under Your Care
I am Sir,
Your Most humble Servant
Harman Verelst Accot.
By the Charles Captn. Henry Haeramond
By the Prince Captn. Bowles.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to The Honble. Genl. Oglethorpe
Dated at Westminster 27th. April 1739.
Herewith You receive a Copy of the Trustees Letter dated 2d. of
April instant signed by their Secretary and on the Trustees
reconsidering of that part thereof wherein they desire You will advance to
the Petitioners at Frederica in Money the Value of two pounds of Meat
each head p Week till Michaelmas next.
The Trustees now acquaint You that they will provide for their
Sustenance in the Estimate to commence from Midsummer next which the
Trustees are now settling, only wait for their Letters by Captn.
Thomson who is not Yet arrived (tho hourly expected) before they can
compleat [sic] it. Which Estimate they will send with their Sola Bills to
As to the Expence [sic] of the Petitioners at Frederica and the other
necessary Expences [sic] of the whole Colony to Midsummer next, The
Trustees have computed on Your Calculation of 2,500.lb p six months,
which You have been so kind to defray out of Your own Pocket without
drawing onthe Trustees, or charging them with any new Debt, except to
Your Self in Advance for them, not exceeding the rate of the said L 2,500
p six months including the 500.lb in their Sola Bills You carried over,
the 600.lb in their Sola Bills and 15 Tons of Bear value L 160.10.6
sent by the Mary Ann Captn. Shubrick, and the 80 Barrels of Flower 30
Firkins of Butter and l4 Casks of Cheese value L 183.0.10 sent by the
Charles Captn. Haeramond.
The Trustees on this Occasion desire You would let them have
your Accot. of the necessary Expences [sic] of the Colony You have defrayed
or Shall defray to Midsummer next (over and above the said L 1,100 in
Sola Bills and the said Beer, Flower, Butter & Cheese) giving them
Credit for the Balance of Your last Accot. And that such Your Accot.
may he particular and fully explained in what Service each Expence [sic]
has been defrayed, with Copies of the Vouchers You have to Support the
same for the Trustees Justification. And they will pay with many
thanks here what shall appear to be due there on to such Person as
You shall appoint to receive the same, which they believe will be
equaly [sic] satisfactory to You as the sending their Sola Bills for that
As to the defraying the Expences [sic] from Midsummer next agreable [sic]
to the Trustees Estimate There Sola Bills wth. the Estimete for each
Quarterly will arrive as near as may be at the beginning of each
Quarter; to be issued by two out of three Persons to be appointed for
that purpose, who are to return their Accots. on every Issue they
make, to prevent any large Sums hereafter being depending to be
Accoted. for; And to enable the Trustees to keep their Accots. clear
and perfect, and ready for any Parliamentary Inquiry which the Trustees
desire always to be prepared for.
And the first Quarterly Estimate from Midsummer to Michaelmas
next will provide for the Sustenance of the Petitioners at Frederica
for those three months. After which the Trustees will not any further
provide for them, nor had not till then, but for the General Calamity
Your Most Obedt. Servant
By the Prince Captn. Bowles.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Willm. Stephens Esqr. Dated at
Westminster 27 April 1739.
The Trustees have recd an Accot. Signed by Mr. Causton 26th.
January last amounting to L 469.4.0 as due to Messrs. Montaigut &
Purry from Midsummer 1738. to 11th. of Sept, following, they have sent
You a Copy thereof to examine the several Items therein contained with
the Items which makes up the Sum of L 868.10.10 mentioned in the List
of Debts said to be owing by the Store the 10th. of October following
as then due to Sami. Montaigut & Co. which the Trustees assure themselves must be included therein; and further observe that this Debt of
L 469.4.0 is Signed by Mr. Causton 26th. Janry. 1738. which being above
3 Months After the List of Debts said to be owing by the Store the
10th. of October preceeding [sic] it is reasonable to conclude therefrom that
the said L 469-4.0 was the Sum owing by the Store the 10th, of October
1738. rather than the L 868.10.10 in the said List mentioned; And
it will appear so from the following Observation: That Sum including
an Accot. certified by Mr. Causton the 5th. of August 1738 for L 426.0.2
to Samuel Montaigut & Co. as due to them to Midsummer 1738 to which
add their said Accot. Signed by Mr. Causton the 26th. of Janry.
last amounting to L 469-4.0 they make together L 895-4-2 which is
L 26.13.4 exceecing [sic] the L 868.10.10. said to be owing by the Store to them the 10th. of October last; Which L 26.13.4 is an Order from Mr.
Causton dated 12th. May 1738 on Mr. Jenys for L 200 Currency at 750
p Ct. paid to the said Sami. Montaigut & Co. and returned to Mr.
Causton unpaid which he in this last Accot, Signed by him the said
26th. of Janry. makes the Trustees Dr. for: Which Sum the said List
of Debts owing by the Store the 10th. of October last does not include
nor make any mention of; This L 26.l3.4 therefore must be particularly
Examined into and fully Stated to the Trustees that they may consider
thereof and the Reasons wby they are by Mr. Causton charged therewith
I am Sir
Your Most humble Servant
Harman Verelst Accotant.
By the Prince Captn. Bowles
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to William Stephens Esqr. Dated
at Westminster 1st June 1739.
The Reverend Mr. Whitefield having applied to the Trustees for
establishing the Colony of Georgia for a Tract of Land for the Use of
an Orphan House, which he designs to build, and undertakes the Care of,
they have granted him 500 Acres in Trust for it, and Robert Hows of
Savannah having made a Surrender to the Trustees of his House in
Heathcote Tything in Deckers Ward Ho. 6. and his Garden Lot of five
Acres, No. 23 lying South East from the Center of the Town, as likewise
of his Farm expressed by No. 1. and Letter H. in the said Ward and
Tything containing 44 Acres and l4l Ble, making altogether 50 Acres;
The Trustees, who have very much at heart the promoting so usefull [sic] and laudable a Design have granted to Mr. Whitefield the Lot which Hows has Surrendered (as part of his 500 Acres) to build the Orphan House upon.
and they desire that You will see him put in possession of it as soon
as he arrives, and that You will also take care that the remaining 450
Acres of his Grant may be Surveyed and set out for him as soon as they
Possibly can be, and in a Convenient Situation; They likewise desire
that Whatsoever Repairs may be found necessary to the Personage House
at Savannah You will Give Directions that they may be made.
The Trustees have desired me to acquaint You, that they have
ordered a Sum not exceeding L 10. Should be laid out in building a Room
adjoining to the Church which may serve as a Vestry Room, and may be
convenient for Juries to retire into.
I hope You enjoy Your health perfectly, anO that You will
believe me to be
Your Most Obedt. Servant
Benj. Martyn Sectary.
PS. A copy of Robert Howss Surrender is inclosed in this. The Lot
surrendered by Hows is only to be Accoted. as part of the 500.
Acres for the Use of the Orphan House, the said Grant having
provided that 10 Acres may be set out in or near Savannah which is
intended for building the Orphan House upon and to be other part
of the said 500 Acres; Which 10 Acres and 3 other Parcles [sic] are to
compleat [sic] the whole whereof the said Howss Lot now in the Trustees
hands is one parcel
Sent by Mr. Whitefield.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to The Honbe. Genl. Oglethorpe Dated
at Westminster 11th: June 1739.
On the 29th. of April last the Trustees received Your Letters
Dated the l6th. and 17th. of January preceedg. by Captn. Thomson,
and on the l4th. of Last month they recd Your Letter dated the 12th.
of March before by Captn. Yeoman.
As to Mr. Caustons Behaviour [sic], the Trustees look upon it as
very extraordinary and are much dessatisfied [sic] therewith; but hope his
Bail and Effects may be sufficient to make good any Deficiency in his
Accompts, and desire he may not be released until Satisfaction be made
for what is charged upon him.
The Trustees have received a Long letter from Mr. Causton dated
the l4th. January last which they will answer by Captn. Thomson who
sails for Georgia soon after Whitsontide.
The Trustees received two Letters from Mr. Jones dated the 8th.
and 17th. and 23d. of February last wherein he writes that a Balance is
mentioned by Mr. Causton as due to himself, but the Surcharges Mr.
Causton is undoubtedly answerable for. The Trustees are well satisfied
will soon over balance any Cash stated to be paid by him more than
received, he having nothing to the Trustees Knowledge to overpay with,
but what he received from the Trust or produced therefrom. And the
Trustees will write to Mr. Jones by Captain Thomson, approving of
his Conduct and encouraging him to persevere in his Duty.
The Trustees are obliged to You for discountenancing the
Attempt at Savannah for creating new Expences [sic], and on the 18th. of
April last they received (by the hands of Mr. Benjamin Ball to whom it
was transmitted by Mr. Robert Williams) a Copy of the Representation
produced by the Clamour [sic] of the Inhabitants in that Part of the
Province. Mr. Williams is not Arrived to Sollicit [sic] it but his and
allother Solicitations for complying therewith will be fruitless. The
Trustees being determined not to grant an Absolute Fee simple in the
Tenure of Lands in Georgia, nor any use of Negroes there. And in
Order to put a Stop to all further Applications of this Nature a Full
answer to this Representation will be sent over by Captain Thomson for
the Magistrates to acquaint all the Inhabitants therewith.
The Petition from the People of Darien & the Evidences of white
Mens Capacity for Labour which you sent over are much approved of by
the Trustees and they are very well pleased with Your Observations
relating to the use of Negroes.
The Trustees hope that their Answer to this Representation will
clear the Province of these Inhabitants who have been and
resolve still to continue Idle and will incourage [sic] the Industrious
to pursue their Labour and reap the happy fruits thereof
The Trustees have received Your Accompt of the Presents which
You gave to the Indians on their Account, and of Cash advanced for the
Trust. That part whereof which you gave the Indians out of Goods of
Your own which You carried over from England being not valued by You,
the Trustees have rated them at the same Prices they have paid to
others for Goods of the like nature and find that they amount to
L 64.l4.6 and the other pert of Your Accompt which You have
advanced for the Trust amounting to L 93.0.6 and making together
L 157.15.0 The Trustees have therefore Ordered fifteen tons of
Strong Bear [beer?] in Barrels to he bought and sent You by the Ship two
Brothers and the Freight thereof to he paid by them; and have directed
the amount to he Charged as a Payment to You on Account of the above
Particulars which they appeared Debtors to You for.
Your Agreements for building a Chappel at Frederica the Trustees
approve of, and hope it will he finished with Expedition, the Brick
layers work thereof amounting to L 47.8.6 besides the 3,0,000 [sic]
Bricks, and the Carpenters work thereof amounting to L 50. And the
Trustees desire there may he no Pews but for the Minister and Magistracy, and the rest to he Benches as is at Tunbridge Chapple, which will
he more capacious and less Subject to Disputes for Places. And they
desire that the House for the Minister at Frederica may be also built
Mr. Causton's Certificate to Robert Williams will come before
the Commissioners for examining and stating in Georgia the Publick [sic]
Debts, the Trustees having sent over a Copy of it, for that Purpose,
the Original thereof amounting to L 587.13.0 having been demanded
Payment of here but refused until examined and Stated in Georgia
The Trustees received by Captain Hugh Mackay Lt. Col. Cochran's
Accompts with the Store the one making him Debtor for Your Regiment
L 830.12.4 and the other making him Debtor on his own Account L 105.0.11.
which together amounts to the Sum of L 935.13.3 same which you
Mention in Your letter. In the Accompt of L 105.0.11 a Credit is
Entered to be given to the Lt. Col. of 1 198: - for 11 Pipes of Wine at
18L each received of him into the Trustees Store.
The Trustees are much obliged to You for Your kind Assistence
in Risqueing [sic] Your own Money for the spport [sic] of the
Colony during the uncertain State of their Affairs; and will readily
reimburse You what shall appear due upon the Examination of the Accot.
when it arrives; but the Trustees hope there will never be any other
occasion for exposing any of their friends to the like hazard; and as
Captn. Thomson will scarcely reach Georgia, 'till within a Month of
Michaelmas, The Trustees have computed on Your continuing to Pay the
Expences of the Colony till that time, not exceeding the rate of L 2,500
for Six months; whereon by Comparing with the Amount for the past
Expences [sic] You have defray'd, they hope a Saving will be; for they
are carefull [sic] to make this Year's Grant last as long as possible, apprehending that no further Supply will be Obtained. And the Trustees
when they receive Yr. Subsequent Accompt of the Expences of the Colony
to Michaelmas next, will thankfully reimburse You what shall appear due
upon the Examination thereof when it Arrives.
The Trustees have settled an Estimate of the Expences [sic] of the
Colony to commence at Michaelmas next, and will send the same by
Captn. Tnomson with Sola Bills and half Pence to defray part thereof,
and will continue to send more Sola Bills and half Pence by other Ships
for the residue within proper times, and the Trustees resolving to
have no Store, all their Payments for Salarys [sic], Allowances or
Maintenance and Cloathing [sic] of Servants, will be made in ready Money.
The men Servants, at 8d a day, each the Women at 6d a day each, and
a the Children above six Years Old at 4d. a day each one with another
(those under Six Years Old their Parents being to Maintain) Overseers
are to be appointed to task their weekly Labour and they are to be
paid weekly at the above rates to find themselves with Provisions and
Cloathing [sic]; If they perform their taskd work and if not to be paid in proportion to the Work they nave Done.
The Trustees are pleased with the relation You give them of
Silk and Wine, and hope they will Succeed to Answer the Expectations
of the Publick [sic] for the great Charges they have been at in settling and supporting this Colony.
The Trustees are very glad Mr. Thos. Jenys has the same warm
Inclination to Georgia as his late Brother had. As to his Accompt
with the Trust it was for want of the Accot. of the Duty on Rum he
received which occasioned the Trustees not to settle for Payment the
Certifyed [sic] Accot. sent over to then; But when that is received,
and the Trustees Letter to him Answered (which by Your Letter may be
soon expected) All possible Dispatch will be given to the Paymt. of
what shall appear due.
Mr. Whitefield left London last Monday in his Way to Philadelphia,
thence to Virginia and so to Georgia He collected here towards
building an Orphan House at Savannah in Georgia & cultivating
five Hundred Acres of Land for the use thereof, and maintaining the
Orphans L 966 Towards building a Place of Worship for the Saltzburghers
L 76. & for the Poor in General L 148. All which he has taken
over wth. him to apply for the sd. several Purposes & amount together
to L 1,190. As by his Letter to the Accotant [sic]. dated the 4th instant.
One Mr. Seward goes with him, with his own Money to go on with the
settling the Orphan House. And Mr. Whitefield has Agreed to Officiate
at Savannah without any expence [sic] to the Trustees; therefore on his
Arrival Mr. Norris is directed to Officiate at Frederica
I am Sir
Yr. Most Obedt Servant
Before this Letter was
Sealed the Accots. & Letters
from the Execrs. of the late
Mr. Jenys were recd. wch. will
he laid before the first Common
20 June 1739
The Answer of the Trustees For Establishing The Colony of Georgia
in America, To the Representation from the Inhabitants of Savannah,
the 9th of December 1733, for altering the Tenure of the Lands, and
Introducing Negroes in Georgia.
To the Magistrates of the Town of Savannah, in the Province of Georgia.
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America, have
received by the Hands of Mr. Banjamine [sic] Ball of London Merchant, an
attested Copy of a Representation, Signed by you the Magistrates, and
many of the Inhabitants of Savannah, on the 9th of December last, for
Altering the Tenure of the Lands, and introducing Negros into the
Province transmitted from thence by Mr. Robert Williams.
The Trustees are not Surprised to find unwary People drawn in by crafty
men, to join in a design of Extorting by Clamour [sic] from the Trustees an
Alteration in the Fundamental Laws, framed for the Preservation of the
People from those very Designs.
But the Trustees cannot hut express their Astonishment, That you the
Magistrates, appointed by them to he Guardians to the People, by
putting those Laws in Execution, Should so far forgett [sic] your duty, as to put your Selves at the head of this Attempt.
However they direct you to give the Complainants this Answer from the
Trustees, that they should deem them Selves very unfit for the Trust
reposed in them by his Majesty on their behalf if they could be
prevailed upon, by such an irrational Attempt, to give up a Constitution
framed with the greates [sic] Caution for the Preservation of Liberty and
Property; and of which the Laws against the Use of Slaves, and for the
Entail of Lands are the Surest Foundations
And the Trustees are the more confirmed in their Opinion of the
unreasonableness of this demand, that they have received Petitions from
the Darien, and other parts of the Province Representing the
Inconvenience and danger, which must arise to the good people of the
Province from the Introduction of Negroes. And as the Trustees themselves
are fully convinced, that besides the hazard attending that introduction, it would destroy all Industry among the White Inhabitants; and
that by giving them a Power to Alienate their Lands, the Colony would
Soon be like its Neighbours [sic], void of White Inhabitants, filled with
Blacks and reduced to the precarious property of a few, equally
exposed to Domestick [sic] Treachery, and Foreign Invasion; therefore the
Trustees cannot be Supposed to be in any Disposition of Granting this
Request; and if they have not before this Signified their dislike of
it, this delay is to be imputed to no other Motives, but the hopes they
had Conceived, that time and Experience would bring the Complainants to
a better mind; And the Trustees readily join Issue with them in their
Appeal to Posterity, who shall Judge between them, who were their best
friends; those, who endeavoured [sic] to preserve for them a Property in
their Land by tying up the hands of their unthrifty Progenitors; or
they, who wanted a Power to Mortgage or alienate them; Who were the best
friends to the Colony, Those who with great Labour and Cost had
endeavoured [sic] to form a Colony of his Majestys [sic] Subjects, and Persecuted Protestants from other Parts of Europe, had placed them on a fruitfull [sic] Soil, and Strove to Secure them in their Possessions, by those Arts which Naturally tend to keep the Colony full of usefull [sic] and Industrious People, capable both to Cultivate, and defend it; or those, who, to gratify ye greedy end Ambitious Views of a few Negroe [sic] Merchants would put it into their Power to become Sole oweners [sic] of the Province, by introducing their benefull [sic] Commodity; which, is well known by sad experience, has brought our Neighbour [sic] Colonies to the Brink of Ruin, by driving out their white Inhabitants, who were their Glory and Strength, to make Room for black, who are now become the Terror of their unadvised Masters.
Signed by order of the Trustees
this 20th. Day of June 1739
Benj. Martyn Secretary
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to The Revd. Mr. George Whitefield
Dated at Westminster July 1739
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia have no
doubt but You Zeal for instructing the poor people at Savannah
will promote You to take the first Opportunity of returning to them;
especially since the Southern Part of the Province is, and will be
without a Minister till Your Arrival there, Mr. Norris being detained
at Savannah during Your absence. They have therefore ordered me to
acquaint You that the two Brothers Captn. Thomson, having Obtained a
Licence [sic], will sail from the River next Wednesday or Thursday, and the Ship, in which are Your things lies a Long side of the Two Brothers.
It is very uncertain when the Embargo will be taken off, and there is
no appearance of Your Ships being in any forwardness.
I am Sir
Your most humble Servant
Benj. Martyn Sectary.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn To Mr. Robert Gilbert Dated at
Westminster 11th. July 1739.
The Trustees understanding that You undertook the Office of a
Bailiff of the Town of Savannah with great reluctance, and that
holding the same is inconvenient to You; have eased You thereof and
appointed Mr. Thomas Jones to Succeed You in it.
Benj. Martyn Sectary.
3y the Two Brothers Captn. Thomson.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. John West Dated at
Westminster 11 July 1739.
Your Letter of Febry. the 5th. has been read to the Trustees in
Which You desire a Licence [sic] to dispose of Your Lot and leave to return home alledging [sic] that You have been very much indisposed. The Trustees have ordered me to acquaint You that they do grant You leave to dispose of Your Lot provided that Mr. Stephens approves of the Person You dispose of it too And that the said Person has no Lands already within
the Province of Georgia either in Possession or Expectancy. They
likewise grant You leave to return home as You desire
I am Sir
Your humble. Servant
Benj Martyn Sectary.
By the Two Brothers Captn. Thomson.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Thos. Jones Dated at
Westminster 11th. July 1739.
The Trustees have carefully perused Your Several Letters of the
8th. 17th. and 23rd. of February, and they therein observe the many
difficultys [sic] You meet with in adjusting the Accots. of the Store
house But they hope You will not be discouraged in the Attemp [sic] but
pursue the Commission sent over to You the 2d of April last it being a
Matter of great Consequence to them, as well as a demonstration of Your
Fidelity and Resolution in their Service, for Your Encouragement herein
they have appointed You third Bailiff of the Town of Savannah, and as
a Publick [sic] Storehouse is no longer to Subsist after Michaelmas day
next, but all payments made by the Trustees will be in money, They are
sensible their Allowance to a Store keeper must end at that time.
Wherefore taking into consideration Your Usefullness and Concern for
the Prosperity of the Province they hope You will accept of an Employment very essential to its interest, which is that of Overseer of the
Trust Servants, to which there is a Salary Appointed of L 30 p Ann
the Business thereof is particularly set forth in the inclosed
Instructions and Your Commission for executing them will be delivered to
You by Mr. Stephens.
To explain to You that Part Vizt. the Trustees Servants
having land of their own to cultivate when their Task is over. Orders
are sent to Mr. Stephens that such Servants who have no land set out in
the time of their Service to work on at spare days for themselves,
should have five Acres each set out as part of their twenty Acres,
which are to lye [sic] as near as may be to the Lands they are to be employed in the Cultivating of for the Trustees in order that their spare time may be fully employed in their own Lands by being Contiguous if
Your Most humbe. Servant
Benj Martyn Sectary.
By the two Brothers Captn. Thomson.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Thos. Hawkins Dated at
Westminster 11th: July 1739.
The Trustees have ordered the Publick [sic] Store House to be shut up
at Michas. next being determined to defray the Expences [sic] of the Town of
Frederica according to the Estimate settled by them, whereof a Copy
as far as relating to the Southern Part of the Province is inclosed to
You that You may see the Disposition the Trustees have made for Your
Support for the ensuing Year; You will observe by it that thirty Pounds
are allowed to You as first Bailiff of Frederica for the Year then
Commencing and ten Pounds more as Correspondent with Mr. Stephens
Secretary within the Province. In Consideration of this the Trustees
expect that You will be punctual in acquainting Mr. Stephens with the
Plantations and Cultivating made in the Southern part of the Province,
the Lots taken up charged or deserted, the Deaths, Marriages and Births
of Persons, the Progress of Fishing or any usefull [sic] Arts; the Ships
arrived or sailed and all other Matters of Consequence. For Your
Information in these particulars You must Call on the Minister, the
Surveyor the Inferior Officers of the Town of Frederica and such
other Persons as are respectively Capable of Giving You Accots.
As the Trustees have nothing to Prejudice You in their good
Opinion they hope you will preserve it by maintaining the Peace and
Promoting the Industry and good Manners of the People, and that You
will give all the necessary support and Countenance to the Minister Mr.
Norris who is appointed to reside at Frederica, and for whom the
Trustees have a great regard.
Your most Obedt. Servant.
Benj Martyn Sectary.
By the Two Brothers Captn. Thomson.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn To The Revd. Mr. Norris. Dated
at Westminster 11th July 1739,
The Trustees hope you will he pleased with Your removal to
Frederica which they think upon many Accounts will he more Satisfactory
to you as You will he nearer to Genl. Oglethorpe and will find the
People more Sober and orderly than You have found them in general at
Savannah. And as the Place is more healthy than the Northern Part of
the Province, Besides as Mr. Whitefield who was at Savannah Before has
Collected a Considerable Sum of Money here for erecting an Orphan
House, for which a Grant of Land is made By the Trustees near to
Savannah, and as he is to have the Super Intendancy of it By Building
it without any Expence [sic] to the Trustees his Residence there will
Become more necessary.
As the Trustees have directed their first Baliff at Frederica
(Mr. Hawkins) to shew you all the regard in his Power they desire you
will from time to time give him an Account of the Marriages, Births,
and deaths of Persons in the Southern Part of the Province and
whether the People are regular in their Attendance at Church.
I am Sir
Yr. Most humBle Servant
Benj Martyn Sectary.
By the Two Brothers Captn. Thomson.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn To Mr. John Fallowfield Dated
at Westminster 11th. July 1739.
The Trustees having reced a Good Accot. of Yr. Sobriety and
Abilites [sic] and readiness to undertake the Office of a Magistrate have
therefore appointed You second Bailiff of Savannah, and they have no
doubt but you will endeavour [sic] to gain and preserve their good Opinion by
an exact performance of Your Duty and a firm Execution of Justice, and
the Laws without favour [sic] or Affection and that You will at all times
promote the Peace Morals and Industry of the People to the utmost of
Your very humble Servant
Benj Martyn Sectary.
By the Two Brothers Captn. Thomson.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst To The Honble. Genl. Oglethorpe
Dated at Westminster 14 July 1739.
Herewith you have a Copy of the Trustees last Letter to You
dated the 11th. of Last month by the Tartor [sic] Man of War.
The Trustees after mature Consideration of the Representation
from the Inhabitants of Savannah dated the 9th. of December last for
altering the Tenure of the Lands and introducing Negroes into Georgia
have sent their Answer thereto to the Magistrates of Savannah under
the Corporation Seal, and have had their said Answer printed to be
despersed [sic] in the Colony by the Magistrates of Savannah and Frederica; One of Which printed Copies is herewith sent You.
The Trustees Estimates of the Expences [sic] of the Colony from
Michaelmas next are sent by this Shin, and herewith You have Copies of
then. They have sent L 1,200 in their Sola Bills towards defraying
the said Expences[sic] , which Bills are 450 of one pound each and 75 of ten
pounds each, and are part of those Ordered in the Year 1737, and
remained unsent. And The Trustees desire You will sign the Indorsements [sic]
of them to enabl. Wm. Stephens Esqr. Mr. Thomas Christie and Mr.
Thomas Jones or any two of them to Issue them, pursuant to their
Instructions for defraying the said Estimated Expences [sic]; And the Common
Council under the Corporation Seal have indemnified You for
so doing which is herewith sent You.
The Trustees have granted the 500.d Acres Plot of Land to Kenedy
OBrian pursuant to Your Recommendation, and have sent it over.
They have appointed Mr. Thomas Christie first Bailiff of Savannah and Removed Henry Parker from that Office, & from other appointment his
late giving Offence [sic]. Mr. John Fallowfield is
appointed second Bailiff and Mr. Thomas Jones third Bailiff of the said
Town in the room of Robert Gilbert who is removed as an Improper Person
for Executing that Office; the Trustees Being also assured he accepted
the Office with Reluctance. And Mr. William Williamson is appointed
Recorder at Savannah. And the Trustees have ordered Mr. Jones a Fifty
Acres Lot, the Best of any of those forfeited at Savannah, to Qualify
him to execute the office of 3rd Bailiff
In Consideration of Mr. Joness Faithfullness [sic] and Capacity the
Trustees have not only made him the 3rd bailiff. But also Overseer of
their Servants in the Northern part of the Province; and Samuel Davison
Constable at Frederica is appointed Overseer of their Servants in the
Southern part of the Province.
For these Servants Tools and Materials are sent and the Particulars thereof will he herewith received, which are to he distributed in proportion to the number of Servants employed in each part of
the province. There is also 40 Barrels of Flour sent and 60 pair Mens
Shoes, which are to he retailed at such Places in the Province where
most wanted. And as All Payments are in Money, the said Flour and
Shoes must he retailed for ready Money by proper Retailers to be
appointed for that purpose with an Allowance of a reasonable Profit to
themselves on the Prime Cost, which is herewith sent such Retailers
paying the Money they receive from time to time as they fetch small
Parcels away to the Amount of such Prime Cost to he reissued by William
Stephens Esqr. Mr. Thomas Christie and Mr. Thomas Jones or any two of
them, for defraying the Expences [sic] of the Estimates and thereby keep
down the Prices of Necessarys [sic] to a reasonable Standard.
The fifteen Tons of Strong Beer in Barrels Ro. 1 to 90 are sent
You according to the Trustees Letter dated the 11th. of Last month,
which they hope will prove a satisfactory Payment for the Expences You
were at on their Accot,
The l6 half Barrels of Gun powder EE & 28 Casks of Indian Gun
Bullets with two Casks of Drop Shott, each Cask of Bullets contg. 1/2
I wt. Net. and each Cask of Dropshott 2lb wt. net are for Part of the
Presents to the Indians, which Presents the Trustees chuse [sic] to send from England to he distributed to the Indians by Your Directions while
in the Province and in Your absence (when occasion requires) by the
Directions of William Stephens Esqr. Mr. Thomas Christie and Mr.
Thomas Jones or any two of them
Besides the L 1,200 in Sola Bills the Trustees have sent two
Tons of Half pence, which with the said Sola Bills and a Bill for
L 200 Sterl. drawn by the Recr. of the Kings Quit Rents in South
Carolina end remitted by this Ship (which the Trustees advanced here for
Payment of the Auditors Salary and other Expences [sic] for the Crown) Are
sent towards defraying the Expences [sic] of the Estimates from Michaelmas
next and for no other Purpose by William Stephens Esqr. Mr. Thomas
Christie and Mr. Thomas Jones or any two of them according to their
The Georgia Scout Boat and the Charges of the Boat at St.
Andrews are continued for this Year by reason of the present Situation
of Affairs But as those Boats are for the Military Defence [sic] of the
Colony the Trustees apprehend it does not be long to them to defray the
Expence [sic] thereof, and therefore if you think them necessary they have no
doubt but You will represent the necessity of them in the proper Place.
Captn. Thomson having presented a Memorial to the Trustees
relating to German Servants and Goods received and delivered by Your
Order in Janry. last, the Common Council have agreed to Pay for
the following heads only, Vizt. 12 1/2 heads for cultivating Lands for
Religious Uses in the Northern part of the Province. 7 heads to
cultivate Trust Lands at Fort Argule, 1 Head to Mr. Norris the Minister.
4 heads to be imployed [sic] in the Publick [sic] Garden, 5-1/3 heads
employed as Cowherds to the Saltzburgh 1 Head to attend the Saltzburg
Orphans 2 heads to the Saltzburgh Schoolmaster 1 head Wm. Stephens Esqr. &
13-1/6 heads to be employed in the Cultivating Lands for religious
Uses in the Southern Part of the Province, if not already provided,
otherwise to be imployed [sic] in the Cultivating of Trust Lands at
But as to 69 heads besides, stated to he delivered pursuant to Your
Order, the Common Council have not sufficient Evidence before them at
present whereby to think themselves at all changeable with the Expence
[sic] thereof, and have referred the Captain back to the Persons for Payment, or better reasons than Yet given for the Trustees to reconsider thereupon, The Amount of goods delivered by the said Captain to Your Order
was L 213:9:ll 1/4 whereof L 102.16.4 1/4 the Common Council have agreed to Pay, but the residue being for Presents designed to the Spanish
Messengers when they came to Georgia for encouragement of shop keepers
and other Credit which the Common Council thinking themselves no way
concerned in, have refused payment of.
The Accot. of the late Paul Jenys received from his Executors
and recomended [sic] for Dispatch by Your Letter to the Accotant. dated the 7th. of April last has been examined by the Committee, with the Accots. of the said Paul Jenys sent to the Trustees by Mr. Causton with another Letter from him the said Causton dated l4th. Febry. last, and there appears Over Charged therein to the amount of L 145:7:10 1/2 Sterling which reduces the said Executors Demand of L 636:17:3 to the sum of L 491.9.4 1.4 Which is Ordered to be paid and the said overcharges to be particularized and the Accot. thereof and how they arise to be sent to the Commrs. for examining and stating the Publick [sic] Debts for their Inspection and another Copy thereof to the Executors of the said Paul Jenys; to make Answer or Submit to such Overcharges being disallowed
The Trustees have appointed Peter Emery to be the Pilot resident at Tybee who is ordered to have a Lot of Fifty Acres of Land there, and his Wife has leave to sell Beer, and they desire You will name a proper Person to he Pilot at St. Simons or Jekyll Sound.
The Trustees not having received an Accot. from You nor
hearing from other hands. That any Progress has been made in the
adjusting and Settling the Differences between South Carolina and
Georgia concerning the Regulations of Trade with the Indians to the
Mutual Satisfaction of both Provinces They earnestly recommend it in the
most serious manner to You to lose no time in the perfecting so
essential a Necessary Work, when the Authority which You have in that
Province and the Influence of Lt. Govr. Bull may facilitate an happy
Conclusion of the Misunderstandings which have subsisted on that Accot.
whereby the Clamours [sic] of many People here may be quieted and a Harmony restored between the Inhabitants of both Provinces so Absolutely
requisite in this Juncture
The Trustees have ordered That the Supplys [sic] Mr. Wm. Stephens had
from you should not be accoted. part of the two Sums of L 20:-:- and
L 30:-:- they ordered him in their Letter of the 2d. of April last.
I am Sir
Your most Obedient Servant
By the Ship two Brothers Captn. Thomas.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Wm. Stephens Esqr. Dated
at Westminster l4th. July 1739.
The Trustees wrote to You the 27th of April last By Prince
Captn. Bowles sending You a Duplicate of Letter of the Second of the
They have received Your Letters dated 6 Febry. snd 12th, 12 March
last, and their Accotant [sic], recd. Your Letters dated 29th. March & 21st. April last, and Delivered Your Journal to the said 21st. April which
gives the Trustees great Satisfaction from the fully Stating all
The Trustees have been often applied to for an Accot. of Wm.
Wises Effects who died in Georgia before Your Arrival a Copy of his
Will came over; but no accot. whether he left any thing or not, please
therefore to inquire about it They have been also applied to for the
Effects of Henry Clarke deceased whereof an Accot. was sent 20th. March
1734. signed by John Dearne and Edwd. Jenkins a Copy whereof is here
with sent you, but no Effects has been received pursuant thereto.
Which you are desired to inquire after.
John Murcott has applied to the Trustees relating to a Debt
owing to him for L 28:9:9 from Joseph Hetherington and another debt for
L 28.10.- from Theophilus Hetherington due on a Writ of Inquiry to him the 19th. of January 1733; desired to acquaint them of it, and know in what Ability they are for making any and what Satisfaction for the said Debts.
Mr. Whitefield having acquainted the Trustees the Branch which
was sent some time ago for the use of the Church at Savannah was not in
use, The Trustees direct that the saiid Branch, be used at Divine service
until the Church shall be built. Mr. Whitefield is not Yet sailed on
Accot. of the present Embargo intending for Georgia by the way of
Philadelphia. He has collected a great deal of money for an Orphan
House, and the Trustees apprehend the great House built by the Servts.
under Mr. Bradleys Directions might be a proper Place, but he has a
particular Letter to You about the Land for Endowment and the Place for
building it which he is to chuse [sic] with Your Approbation. If he should
approve of this House, there must be a Valuation made at a reasonable
Price towards reimbursing the Trustees the great Expence [sic] thereof out
of the money he has collected; But if he does not Approve of this
House, the Trustees desire You would Inform them, if it will not be
right to roof the same with a pent House Hoof and Shingles and under
prop it by Bricking from the foundation of the Cellar, and to lett [sic] them know what the Expence [sic] thereof. And the Trustees direct that no
Additional Buildings of Mr. Bradley's at their Expence [sic] be carried on.
As the Trustees have now no Publick [sic] Stores, it is recommended to
You to consider of Proper means to let their Store houses to Private
Persons for some Income, to be applied towards the Support of the
As All Payments from the Trustees are in money to commence at
Michaelmas next the Trustees not knowing what Supply of flour and
Shoes might be in the Colony have sent 40 Barrels of Flour and 60
pair of Mens Shoes, to be retailed for ready money at such Places in
the Province where most wanted by proper Retailers to be appointed for
that purpose with an Allowance of a Reasonable Profit to themselves on
the prime Cost; such retailers paying paying the money they receive
from time to time as they fetch small Parcels away to the amount of
such Prime Cost, to be reissued by You Mr. Thomas Christie and Mr.
Thomas Jones or any two of You for defraying the Expences [sic] of the
Estimates, end thereby keep down the Prices of Necessarys [sic] to a
The Trustees have wrote [sic] to John Brownfield the Register to know
if he has any Obstructions in the Execution of his Office, and there
with you receive a Copy of their Letter to him, and If you find that
he is unwilling to perform the Duty required, You are desired to
recommend a fit Person to be employed as Register that the Accots. so
much wanted from him may be expected.
The Trustees having a great many Servants at their Expence [sic] in
the Province, they Desire a particular Account of them from You, with
their Names Ages & Sexes end how imployed [sic]; under the Execution of the Instructions herewith sent for Mr. Thos. Jones who is appointed Oversr. of those in the Northern Pt. of the Province, and the like Instructions sent to Mr. Hawkins for Samuel Davison who is appointed Overseer of those in the Southern Part of the Province, And Samuel Holmes Brickmaker at Savanah having applied for two Servants if any should lye [sic] upon the Trustees who are not Provided for by the Estimates herewith sent, or that may ease the Trustees from the Expences [sic] if more than wanted for the Services intended for them the Trustees consent to let Samuel Holmes have two in case he will instruct them in Brickmakers Business, but not otherwise.
The Trustees desire You would send them another Return of the
People in the Province in the same manner as You did in January 1737.
and to continue so to do at least annually; and that You would let them
know the Progress made towards the Production of Silk and Wine,
or any other Produce which may in time arise towards the reimbursing
the Charge of the Province by Exports therefrom, and also of the
Progress towards raising a sufficient Maintenance for the Inhabitants with
an Accot. of the Ports Harbours and Inlets; to enable the Trustees to
satisfie [sic] the Publick [sic] for the Annual Charge the Colony stands them in.
The Trustees have directed that the Supplys [sic] You had from General
Oglethorpe should not he Accoted. part of the two Sums of L 20:~:-
and L 30 they ordered You in their Letter of the 2d. of April last and
have also provided in the Estimate for the General Charges of the
Colony 25:-:- for Your Services from Midsr. last to Michas. next
before the Estimate herewith sent you takes Place; and in that You
will find Yourself Rated at 100:-:- a Year by the Office of Secretary
and Postmaster for Your self Clerk &c. from Michas next.
Copies of the Estimates for the Genl. Charges of the Colony the
Expence [sic] of the northern and the Expence [sic] of the Southern part thereof; are herewith sent You which please to communicate to Mr. Thos. Christie and Mr. Thomas Jones who are appointed or any two of You to defray the Expenses thereof with the following Funds sent in pert thereof;
and the residue will he defrayed by future Funds in proper time. The
said Funds now sent are as follows Vizt.
Two Tons of Copper Halfpence bought by weight as by the Invoice
herewith sent appears to be paid by Tale, and the Difference accoted.
for towards defraying the Expenses of the Estimate and thereby the
Charge of sending them
Forty Barrels of Flour and 60 pair of Shoes at the Prime Cost in
A Bill of Exchange on Mr. Saxby Deputy Recr, of his Majestys [sic]
Revenues in Charles Town South Carolina, drawn by Jno. Hammerton
Esqr. for Value received of the Trustees here for the use of the Crown
with a Letter of Advice thereof.
And L 1,200 Value in their Sola Bills in a Covered Box directed
to Yourself No. 1 and particularly mentioned in the Invoice which you
are directed to carry to Genl. Oglethorpe end desire his Indorsement
[sic] of them under the writting [sic] on the Back for Your self Mr. Thomas Christie and Mr. Thomas Jones or any two of You to Issue them, and
where you Issue them or defray the Expences [sic] of the Estimates as the
same shall become due and payable You are to be carefull [sic]
transmitt [sic] Accots. thereof Signed by two of You taking Duplicate
Vouchers in two Books, the one to keep and the other to send over from
time to time with Your Accounts by every Opportunity; and such Vouchers
are to Specify the Service each Sum is paid for agreeably to the
Expences [sic] Estimated, that you may be discharged and the Trustees
enabled to give a faithfull [sic] Accot. and where Sola Bills are Issued
in Payment there to Specify in the Partys [sic] Receipt the Particulars
of them issued for ea. Payment.
The Wives and Children of the Trustees Servants and of any
Single Women Servants to the Trust, not being known in the Northern
part could not be Computed in the Estimate; but whatever saving as to
the Number of Men provided for more than may happen to be in the
Trustees Service there, will be a Fund for the said Women and Children.
And all other Savings which may be made You are desired to give great
Attention to. But a proper Care must be taken of the Beacon or Light
house at Tybee to preserve it from Falling after so great an Expence
[sic] in raising it; the same having proved a very usefull [sic] Land
Mark for Ships.
If there is not a proper Pylot [sic] Boat at Tybee it must be provided; those used at Carolina are judged the most proper sort; the same
Care, if wanting, must be at St. Simons or Jekyll Sound. And an Act is
drawn for regulating the Pylotage [sic] and the Duty of Pilots for Levying a Rate for the Land Mark at Tybee towards its Support, and for a Powder
Duty for Answering Signals; as also another relating to the
tenure of the Lands in Georgia preserving the Entail in the male Line
of the Body and proving for Successors in failure thereof; both which
it is expected will soon with the Trustees Approbation be laid before
His Majesty for the Royall [sic] Asent [sic] and will be then transmitted. Which Acts are the Result of the Trustees on Consideration, before any
Representation was received from the Inhabitants of Savannah.
Which representation having been duly considered the Trustees
have sent their Answer thereto under the Seal of the Corporation, which
You are to deliver to the Magistracy for them to give the Trustees said
Answer to the Complainants, and fifty Printed Copies thereof are sent
You in the Box No. 1 to disperse among the Inhabitants of the Northern
part of Georgia, the like number having been sent General Oglethorpe to
disperse among the Inhabitants of the Southern part.
Mr. Thomas Christie having served the Office of Recorder from the
first settling of the Colony he is directed by the Trustees to make up
his Copys [sic] of the Proceedings of the Town Court to the time Mr. William Williamson who succeeds him is sworn in and then you are to deliver Mr. Christie his Constitution appointing him first Bailiff of Savannah in the room of Henry Parker who is removed from the said Office by the said Constitution
Mr. William Williamsons Constitution you are to deliver as soon
as Mr. Christie has perfected his Copy of the Proceedings of the Court
to the time of Mr. Williamsons taking upon him the said Office.
You are to deliver Mr. John Pallowfield his Constitution appoint
ing him Second Baliff of Savannah, and Mr. Thos. Jones having been
ordered Possession of the best forfeited Lots at Savannah to Qualify
him to execute the Office of 3rd Baliff, You are to deliver him his
Constitution appointing him to that Office in the Boom of Robert
Gilbert who accepted the said Office with Reluctance as unfit for it.
And You are also to deliver Mr. Jones his Appointment to the
Office of Overseer of the Trustees Servants, and his Instructions for
performing the said Office.
All which deeds together with a Grant Counter part and Memorial
registered with the Auditor of 500d Acres of Land to Kenedy OBrian of
Augusta in Georgia are in the said Box directed to You No. 1. with
several Letters particularly mentioned in the Invoice.
Mr. OBrian is to execute the said Counter part and Pay You
L 1:11:6 the Consideration Money and Charge of Registering with the
Auditor before You deliver the said Grant to him which Counter
part executed in the Presence of two Witnessess [sic] You are to
send back to the Trustees and Account for the said L 1:11:6 in
defraying the Expences [sic] of the Estimate.
In the Invoice herewith sent you are contained several Tools and
Materials for the Trustees Servants which are to be distributed in
Proportion to the Number of Servants employed in each part of the
Province, and there are also contained Presents for the Indians which
are to he distributed by General Oglethorpes Directions while in the
Province, and in his absence (when occasion requires) by the Directions
of Yourself Mr. Thos. Christie and Mr. Thos. Jones or any two of You.
By the Bill of Lading and Invoice herewith sent, You will see to
whom every Parcel belongs, which are to be applied and Delivered
The Executors of Mr. Paul Jenys having sent Subsequent Accounts
to the Certificate Mr. Causton Signed which was sent back to then
unpaid, and the Committee of Accompts having compared them, with the
Accompts of the said Paul Jenys lately received from Mr. Causton;
have reported L 491:9:4 1/4 due thereon which has been paid, and Ordered
Copies of all the said Accounts with their Observations of the
Differences between the said Execrs. and Mr. Caustons Accompts to be
sent to the Commissioners for Stating the Publick [sic] Debts in Georgia., to examine into the Articles Stated by the said Report, a Copy of
which Report is herewith sent You, as also another to Mr. Jones, to
whom the Copies of the said Accompts are sent.
Mr. Henry Parker is also removed from being a Commissioner in the
said Commission for examining and Stating the said Publick [sic] Debts,
and Mr. Thomas Christie appointed in his room which Appointment You are
to deliver Mr. Christie out of the said Box No. 1.
Mr. Causton has sent over his Cash Accompts from Febry. 1735 to l6th. October 1738. but the Trustees by their Letter from their Secretary have referred him to the Commissioners in Georgia appointed to Examine and state his whole Accompts.
The Trustees have appointed Peter Emmery to he the Pilot
resident at Tybee, who is ordered to have a Lot of fifty Acres of Land
there, and his Wife has leave to sell Beer, as also a Licence [sic] to lett [sic] her late Husband's Michael Germain's House and Lott[sic] as to her share thereof in her Widows Right for any Term not exceeding seven Years, if She shall so long live. And the Trustees on her Returning to Georgia have advanced her L 10 Sterling to buy her Necessary's which her husband is to repay in Georgia to be applied towards the Expences [sic] of the Estimates, and for which you have here with her Receipt
The Trustees direct that such of their Servants who have
no land sent out in the time of their Service to work on at Spare Days
for themselves, should have five Acres each set out as part of their
twenty Acres which are to lye [sic] as near as may be to the Lands they are
to he employed in the Cultivation of for the Trustees, in order that
their Spare time may he more usefully employed in their own Lands by
being Contiguous if Possible
I am Sir
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thos. Jones. Dated at
Westminster 14th July 1739.
Your Letter by the America Captain Gerald without a date was
received Yesterday, and the Trustees are very sensible of the many
willfull [sic] Difficultys [sic] thrown in by Mr. Causton to perplex rather than clear his Accomts. he [sic] has sent over his Cash Accompts from Febry. 1735. to 16 October 1738 and two long Letters to the Trustees Dated in January, and February last. But the Trustees have referred him to the Commissioners in Georgia appointed to examine end State his Accots. as
the most proper Persons for him to lay his Accots. before, and make
them appear duly vouched to enable them to Deport to the Trustees
Among the Accompts sent over by him there are those with the
late Paul Jenys Ssqr. which the Trustees have compared with the Accompts
sent them by the Executors of the said Paul Jenys, and finding may [sic]
Differences, have Stated the same and sent them with Copies of the
Accots. received from both, for the said Commissioners to examine, and
herewith you receive the same and a Copy of the Report from the Committee of Accompts.
Mr. Henry Parker who was a joint Commissioner for that purpose
with Mr. Stephens and Yourself is removed from the said
Commission, as well as the Office of first Bailiff, & Mr. Thomas
Christie succeeds him in Both, whom Mr. Willn. Williamson succeeds in
his Office of Recorder.
Mr. John Fallowfield is made 2d. Bailiff and Yourself 3d.
Bailiff of Savannah and You are also appointed Overseer of the Trustees
Servants in the Northern part of the Province. Mr. Stephens will
deliver You Your two Appointments and Instructions relating to Your
Office of Overseer. And in order to qualify You for executing the
Office of third Bailiff the Trustees have ordered You a fifty Acres
Lot, the best of any of those forfeited at Savannah.
To the office of third Bailiff 20 L a Year Salary is annexed
and an Allowance of L 24:6:8 a Year for the Maintenance and Cloathing
[sic] of two Servants and to the Office of Overseer 30 L a Year Salary is
annexed In all L 74:6:8 a Year to be paid You in money from Michas
The Estimated Expences [sic] for the Genl. Charges of the Colony and
the Particular Charges for the Northern Part and the Southern Part
thereof are sent to Mr. Stephens, with Funds towards defraying them; and himself together with Mr. Thos. Christie and You
or any two of You, are appointed to defray the same. All which will be
communicated to You by Mr. Stephens, with his Instructions thereupon.
I am Sir
Copys [sic] of Papers sent to Genl. Oglethorpe
with the Trustees Letter dated 14th. July 1739.
Estimate of the Expence [sic] in the Northern Part of Georgia for one
Year to commence from Michaelmas 1739.
Salary to the first Magistrate at Savannah. . . . . . . L 30:-:-
Do. . .to the second Magistrate there. . . . . . . . . . 20:-:-
Do. . .to the third Magistrate there. . . . . . . . . . . 20:-:-
Do. . .to the Recorder at Savannah. . . . . . . . . . . . 20:-:-
Salary to the Secretary & Postmaster for himself Clerk & c. 100:-:-
Do. . .to the Register, upon transmitting an exact Account
of all the Grants pursuant to his Instructions 20:-:-
Bo. . .to the Schoolmaster of Savannah, in lieu of Food 10:-:-
Bo. . .to the Schoolmaster of the Saltsburgers a Gratuity 5:-:-
Do. . .to the Parish Clerk at Savannah. 5:-:-
Do. to the Publick [sic] Midwife at Savannah for the Poor,
and Trust Servants, besides five Shilling p Laying; to 5:-:-
be obliged to go on all Occasions when required. .
Bo. . .to the Publick [sic] Overseer of the Garden and
Mulberry Trees; for keeping an Horse to see what
Plantations are made, and to attend the Garden 10:-:-
at transplanting time, end for takg. an Accot. of
every Mans Planting, and sending the same over.
Do. . . to the Head Gardiner, having no land and to find
himself; besides having Liberty to sell the seeds
at rates to he enumerated, by the Magistrate; but 20:-:-
not to sell the Plants
Do. . .to the Overseer of the Trust Servants employed in
cultivating Trust Lands and Lands for Religious 30:-:-
Uses; to keep a weekly hook of Labour by Task work,
and make monthly Returns to the Secretary in the
Do. to the Publick [sic] Blacksmith for mending Militia Arms. 15:-:-
Do. to the publick [sic] Blacksmith for mending Indian Arms 20:-:-
Do. . .to the Italian Family employed in the producing Raw
Silk, not exceeding. 20:-:-
Allowance to the Recorder for a Clark [sic] 20:-:-
Do. ... to the four Constables at Savannah, their
Duty frequently calling them away from their 40:-:-
Occupations In lieu of Provisions formerly
given them 1 10 each.
Do. ... to the chief Magistrate for publick [sic]
Rejoycings [sic] Anniversary Days &c not exceeding. 4:-:-
Do. ... to the Cowpen keeper for the Trust and
People's Cattle, for Cloaths [sic], Wages 35:-:-
and Provision L 25. and for keeping two
Horses, Farrier &c L 10
Do ... to the Pilot at Tybee to he obliged to give
strict Attendance to have the Boat and
sufficient hands always upon the Spot (not
less then two besides the Pilot) & to keep
the Boat in repair, being first supplied with 40:-:-
the Boat and its Appurtenances. And to be
allowed besides for Pilotage in and out to Sea
again by the Captain of each Ship so Piloted
Pursuant to the rates p foor [sic] Draught of
each Ship contained in the Draught of an Act
for regulating Pilotage now lying before His
majesty for his Royal Assent.
Do . . for the Care of the Widows of Trust Servants till
married or in Service (due regard being had to
their Age end Infirmities) not exceeding 100:-:-
Do. . . . for the Care of the Sick. Viz. Food,
Apothecary's Drugs. Attendance, Midwife, Nurses,
burying the Dead &c. being for such only as are
on the Poor Account, and Trust Servants, not
Allowance to the first Magistrate for the Maintenance and
Cloathing [sic] of two Servants in Sickness 24:6:8
and in health at L 12:3:4
Do. ... to the second Magistrates for the Maintenance and
Cloathing [sic] of two Servants in Sickness and in 24:6:8
health at L 12:3:4 a Year each.
Do. ... to the third Magistrate for the Maintenance and
Cloathing [sic] of two Servants in Sickness and 24:6:8
in health at 12:3:4 a Year each.
Do. ... to the Recorder for the Maintenance and
Cloathing [sic]of one Servant in Sickness and
in health at . . 12:3:4
Do. ... to the Italian Family for the Silk for the
Maintanance [sic] and Cloathing [sic]of one Servant 12:3:4
in Sickness & in health.
Do. ... to the Widow Vanderplank whose Husband was late
Naval Officer for the Maintenance & Cloathing [sic] of 12.3.4
one Servant in Sickness and in Health.
Do. ... to the Cowpen keeper for the Maintenance & )
Cloathing [sic] of an [sic] Helper.) 12:3:4
For the Charge of Sixty Men Trust Servants to be employed as
fellows Vizt. Wine at and for the Saw Mill, four in the
publick [sic] Garden, seven in cultivating Lands for Religious Uses,
and forty in cultivating Bouverie's farm and other Trust Lands
for the use of the Colony, And these Servants to have Lands
set out for themselves end to labour by Weekly Task work to
he settled by their Overseer; to encourage them to finish such
Task work and have the Remainder of the week to themselves.
To be paid by the Week after the rate of eight pence a day each,
to maintain themselves in provision and Cloathing [sic] therewith
but upon not performing their Weekly Task Work, then to he
paid in Proportion to the Work they do. 730:-:-
The Women Servants to he employed in labour as the Overseer shall
direct, and to he paid by the week after the rate of six pence
a day each, to maintain themselves in Provision and Cloathing [sic]
therewith; but upon not performing their Work as directed, then
to be paid in proportion to the Work they do . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Children of Six Years old end upwards of such
Servants to he employed as the Overseer shall direct, and the
Maintenance of them, for Provision and Cloathing [sic] to be
paid by the week after the rate of four pence a day each one
with another; but those Children of such Servants under six
Years old are to he maintained by their Parents out of their
NB. The Charge of the Servants for Cultivating the Lands
for Religious Uses, and Bouverie's Land, and other
Trust Lands will (it is hopd) if good Seasons happen
gradually be eased by the Produce, or by Setting the
reduced Lands to Farms at settled Rents.
NB. All Savings on the head of Trust Servants for Non -
performance of their Task Work, by Idleness, Running
away. Sickness. &c must be Accounted for to the
Trustees; Which the Overseer is to be carefull [sic] of,
and keep a weekly Accompt thereof.
For Repair of Tools, not exceeding 5:-:-
For Repair of The Houses and Machines used, Encouragemts [sic].
and other Incidents on the Production of Raw Silk not
exceeding . 50:-:-
Estimate of the Expence [sic] in the Southern Part of Georgia
for one Year to Commence from Michaelmas 1739-/
Salary to the first Magistrate at Frederica & Correspondent
with the Secretary of the Province.. 40:-:-
Do. . .to the Second Magistrate there. 15:-:-
Do. . .to the third Magistrate there. 15:-:-
Do. . .to the Recorder of Frederica. 20:-:-
Do. . .to the Minister. 50:-:-
Salary to the Overseer of the Trust Servants employed in
cultivating Trust Lands & ^ands for Religious Uses,
to keep a 'Weekly Book of Labour [sic] by Task work 25:-:-
and Make Monthly returns to the Secretary in the
Do. . .to the Publick [sic] Blacksmith for mending Militia
& Indian Arms. 15:-:-
Do. . .to the Shoolmaster [sic] at Frederica. 10:-:-
Do. . .to the Parish Clerk at Frederica. 5:-:-
Do. . .to the Publick [sic] Midwife at Frederica for
the Poor & Trust Servants, besides five Shillings p
lying, & to be obliged to go on all occasions when 5:-:-
Allowance to the Chief Magistrate for Publick [sic] Rejoycings.
Anniversary Days &c not exceeding 4
Do. . .to the two Constibles at Frederica their Duty
frequently calling them away from their Occapations 20:-:-
L 10 each.
Do. . .for care of the Widows of Trust Servants till Married
or in Service (due Regard being had to their Age and 50:-:-
Infirmities) not exceeding
Do. . .for the Care of the Sick Vizt. Food, Apothecarys [sic],
Drugs, Attendance, Midwife, Nurses, burying the Dead
&c, being for such only as are on the poor Account and
Trust Servants, not exceeding 75:-:-
For a coasting Boat to be worked by a Coxon at L 2:-:-
a month and four hands at 25s: a month each for Repairs
of the Boat at L 50 a Year; and for the Purchase of the 96:10:-
Boat Value 10.
Allowance to the Pilot at Jekyll or St. Simons to he obliged
to give strict Attendance, to have the Boat and sufficient
hands always upon the spott [sic] (not less then two besides the
Pilot) and to keep the Boat in Repair, being first Supplied
with the Boat and its Appurtenances. And to he allowed
besides for Pilotage in and out to Sea again by the Captain
of each Ship so Piloted, pursuant to the rates p foot Drat [sic],
of each Ship contained in the Draught of an Act for
regulating Pilotage now lying "before his Majesty for his
Royal Assent. 40:-:-
Allowance to the first magistrate for the Maintenance
and cloathing [sic] of one servant in sickness and
in health. 12:3:4
Do. . . to the Minister for the Maintenance and Cloathing [sic]
of one servant in sickness and in health. 12:3:4
For the Charge of twenty one Men Trust Servants to he employed
as follows. Vizt. Seven in cultivating Lands for Religious
Uses. Seven in cultivating Trust Lands at Frederica, &
seven in cultivating Trust Lands at St. Simons Bluff for the
use of the Colony. And these Servants to have Lands set out
for themselves, and to labour [sic] by Weekly Task Work to be
settled ty their Overseer, to encourage them to finish such
Task Work, & have the remainder of the Week to themselves.
To be paid by the Week after the rate of eight pence a
Day each, to maintain themselves in Provision and Cloathing
[sic] therewith. But upon not performg. their Weekly Task Work
then to he paid in Proportion to the Work they do. 355:-:-
To seventeen Women Servants to he employed in labour [sic]
as the Overseer shall direct and to he paid by the week
after the rate of Six pence a day each, to maintain them-
selves in Provision and Cloathing [sic] therewith. But
upon not performing their Work as directed, then to he
paid in proportion to the Work they do 155:2:6
NB. The Children of these Servants are all under six
Years Old, and are to he maintained by their
Parents out of their Allowances.
NB. The Charge of the Servants for cultivatg. [sic] the Lands
for Religious Uses & the use of the Colony will
(it is hoped) if good Seasons happen gradually be
eased by the Produce, or by Letting the reduced
Lands to Farms at Settled Rents.
NB. All Savings on the Head of Trust Servants for
Non-performance of their Task Work, by Idleness, Running
away, Sickness &c. must he Accomped for to the Trust,
which the Overseer is to he carefull [sic] of, and keep a
weekly Accompt thereof.
General Charges of the Colony of Georgia for one
Year from Michaelmas 1739.
Surveying Lands to Persons on the Charity Account and
Servants to he paid p Acre, not exceeding. 50:-:-
Incident Expences [sic] Vist. Erecting publick [sic] Buildings and
Bridges, raising Banks, purchase of New Boats, when lost or worn out,
occasional Pettiaugua [sic] hire to Frederica or Charles Town from
Savannah at four Guineas each hire to each Place, purchase
of seed for Trust Lends, supply of Trust Cattle, Hogs,
Poultry &c. Excess of dearness of Provision which may make
it necessary to encrease [sic] Servants Allowance, Repair of
Mills, Light House, Crane and all Publick [sic] Civil Buildings
and Works; not exceeding 500:-:-
Towards building and repairing Churches, buying
Furniture, Books for the School &c not exceeding 100:-:-
To Execute Justice, pursue fugitive Servants &
Felons; not Exceeding 100:-:-
For entertaining the Indians when they come down
exclusive of Presents to them to be sent from England,
not Exceeding . . 100:-:-
For the Georgia. Scout Boat consisting of a
Patroon & ten men and Provision for them. 258:15:1
For Provisions snd Shoes for the Cockswain snd seven
Rowers for the Boat at St. Andrews at 6 L ea. 48:-:-
To William Stephens Esqr. for his Services from
Midsumr. 1739- to Michas foll, before the Estimate
takes Place. 25:-:-
Working Tools for the Trustees Servants -
G X C 80 Broad Carolina Hoes.
Cash No. 2 8 Narrow Ditto
Cash No. 3
80 Best felling Axes.
80 Helved [sic] Hatchets
80 Drawing Knives
6 Doz. best Gimblets
2 m 21 lb Rose
2 m 13 lb Do.
4 m 7 lb Do.
6 m 3 1/4 Do.
1 Doz. smoothing Planes fixed
6 Jack Do.
6 Fore Do.
3 Long Do.
Box No. 5
40 best German hand saws whett sett and
40 Shod Shovells.
40 Do. Large
Loose . . .6.2 foot Grindstones.
The Prime Cost of the Flour and Shoes. No. 1 to 40.
Barrels of Best Housd:
Flour containing 5 Bush, in each Barrel
at 30s a Barrel. 60:-:-
Cask at 2s/6 ea.. Packing at 2d each. 5: 6: 8
Charges of Shipping. 0:17: 6
Freight at 8 Barrels to a Tun & 2 lb p Ton 10:-:-
Insurance at 3 1/2 P Cent on 78lb to receive
98 lb p Ct. in Case of Loss.. 2:14:7
Whereof deduct for Bounty on 25 Quars: at
5s ea. L 6:5:0 & allowing 12s/6 for ye Debr. 5:12: 6
Which is L l:l6:8 p Cask of 2 1/2 lb wt. ea. No.
1 a small Cask containing 60 pr. of Men
Servants strong shoes at 4s. 12:-:-
Insurance at 3 1/2 p Ct. on 13 lb to receive 98 lb
p Ct. in Case of Loss. -:9:2
which is under 4s/3 a pair.
Invoice of 15 Tons of Strong Beer in 90 Barrels.
No. 1 to 90 on hoard the Two Brothers part of 60 Tons for
General Oglethorpe the said 15 Tons & all Charges thereon
having been paid for by the Trustees for Georgia as Cash
expended by him for them.
The Beer at 6 lb a Ton after drawback allowed. 90:-:-
90 Barrels at 7s/9d each. 34:17:6
Charges of Shipping, by Payment of the Searchers Fees
thereon the other Charges being defrayed by the Exporter 0: 2:6
who receives the Drawback.
Freight thereof at 2 lb p Ton. 30:-:-
L 155: 0:0
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to the Revd. Mr. Norris.
Dated at Westminster 1739. July l4th.
I have paid Capt. Thomson Your Draught and Care is Taken for
the future punctual Payment of Your Salary; which Mr. Stephens will
acquaint You of.
The Trustees desire You would send them a Catalogue of what
Books are in Georgia.
The Trustees have sent You a Pall for the use of Burials at
Frederica which Mr. Hawkins will deliver, and when Mr. Whitefield is
Arrived, who goes by the way of Philadelphia but is not sailed Yet
by reason of the Present Embargo; he will deliver You a Christening
Bason [sic] and 8 "brass Candlesticks whereof 2 for the Desk, to hold
Candles at Evening Publick [sic] Worship; which are for the use at
I am Sir
Your Most &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr, Thos. Hawkins Dated
at Westminster l4th. July 1739.
Captn. Thomson brings You in a Box directed to You and Consigned to General Oglethorpe a Pall for the use of Burials at Frederica,
a large Common Prayer Book for the use of the Minister there for the
Time being, a Bottle of Salitrum [sic] Seeds for the Bloody Flux; and here
with You have two Receipts for the Cure thereof; a Small Parcel
directed to Mrs. Carteret, several letters as p List and the Appointment
of Samuel Davison to be Overseer of the Trustees Servants in the
Southern part of Georgia, together with his Instructions; which the
Trustees desire you will observe the Execution of. Please to make
the proper Distribution of the said Contents; which Genl. Oglethorpe is
made Acquainted with.
I am Sir
Your Most &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. John Brownfield dated
at Westmr. 14th. July 1739.
The Trustees not hearing from You concerning the Execution of
Your Office of Register in Georgia, desire to know if You have any
Obstructions in the Execution of it. And in Order for the Ascertaining
the Quit Rents payable by the Inhabitants, the Trustees require an
Accot. of every Lot of fifty Acres or under granted under Trust Grants
in Georgia showing when and to whom and by whom granted, and who and
by what means are the present Occupiers, and also an Accot. of all
other Grants that have been registered in Georgia which have passed
the Trustees Seal in England to compare with the Grants made here, and
such Accot. to show by whom and by what Means each particular Granted
Lot under the Seal here is occupied
And the Trustees also require an Accot. of all Lots which have
been possessed under Grants made either in Georgia or sent from
England, which have since become vacant if any so are with the
particular Occasion thereof against each of such Lots.
The Trustees have annexed a Salary of L 20 Sterling a Year to
commence from Michaelmas next to be paid to the Register upon his
transmitting an exact Account of all the Grants pursuant to his
Instructions, Which is to be paid by William Stephens Esqr. Mr. Thomas
Christie and Mr. Thomas Jones or any two of them, and if You will
perform the said Office as the Trustees expect. You will be intitled [sic]
I am Sir
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Samuel Davison dated at
Westmr. l4th. July 1739.
The Trustees have appointed You Overseer of their Servants in
the Southern pert of Georgia, and Your Appointmt. is sent to Mr. Hawkins
at Frederica to he deliver'd to You; together with the Instructions for
executing the said Office, which the Trustees expect your carefull [sic]
Performance and for Your Encouragement to do Your Duty, they have
annexed a Salary to Your said Office of L 25.-.- Sterling a Year; to
commence from Michas next.
Your humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Isaac Young dated at
Westmr. the l4th. July 1739.
Your Son in Law Mr. Cookesey having desired your Letter to the
Trustees dated 29th. March 1738. should be considered. The Trustees
have directed Wm. Stephens Esqr. to inquire into the State of the
vacant Land you took Possession of, if the ground is fit for Your
Planting and how the case is Circumstanced; That the Trustees may do
You what Justice is in their Power; after such Neglect in the Surveyor's
not doing his Duty; which the Trustees are much concerned for, and have
often pressed the Speedy Running out of Lands to the Inhabitants
with the necessity of it.
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Kenedy O Brien Esqr. dated
at Westminsr. l4 July 1739
The Trustees received Your Letter of 500d Acres at Augusta. Which
General Oglethorpe recommended You for a Grant of, And they have
gratified therewith on the said Recommendation and sent it to Mr.
William Stephens at Savannah to deliver to you on Your Executing a
Counterpart to them, which is also sent for that purpose and Your
Paying L 1:11:6 Sterling to him to reimburse the Trustees for the
Consideration Money thereof; and the Charge of Registering the Memorial
of it, with the Auditor, which Mr. Stephens will also give You.
I am Sir
Your Most &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Wm. Williamson Dated
at Westminster l4th. July 1739.
The Trustees having, named You Recorder of the Town Court of
Savannah, Mr. Stephens will deliver You Your Constitution. Mr.
Christie who is Appointed first Bailiff in the room of Henry Parker,
removed from the said Office is to send the Trustees Copies of all
the Proceedings of the Tov:n Court, which have not already been sent to
the Time you are Sworn in.
To this Office L 20 Salary is annexed and Allowance of 20: L a
Year for a Clerk and L 12:3:4 for the Expences [sic]of Cloathing [sic] and maintaining a Servant, which will he paid You in Money from Michaelmas
next. In Consideration whereof the Trustees expect you will faithfully
execute the said Office and transmitt [sic] to them Copies of the
Proceedings of the Town Court after every Court is held.
I am Sir
Yr. Most &c.
Copy of a Letter from Kr. Verelst to Mr. Thos. Christie Dated at
Westminster l4th. July 1739.
In Consideration of Your having executed the Office of Recorder
of Savannah from the beginning of Settlement; The Trustees have been
pleased to promote you to the Office of first Bailiff in the room of
Henry Parker removed from the said Office, and have also Named You a
Comissioner [sic] in his Room for Examining & Stating the Publick [sic] Debts in Georgia.
To the Office of first Bailiff L 30:-:- a Year Salary is
annexed besides L 24:6:8 for the Expence [sic] of Cloathing [sic] & Maintaining two Servants which will be paid You in money from Michaelmas next.
You are therefore Desired to send Copies of the Proceedings of the Town Court which have not already been sent to the Trustees to the Time Mr. William Williamson shall he sworn in Recorder to succeed You, and You are to Possess him with all ye Records of the Court thereupon.
I am Sir
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to The Reverend Mr. Bolzius
dated at Westmr. l4th. July 1739
I had the Favour [sic] of Your Letter dated the l4th. of March last
which I laid before the Trustees who received great Pleasure thereby,
to find the Situation of the Saltzburghers so easy to them, and so as
to encourage a Desire of more of their Countrymen to share the Fruits
of that Experience, resulting from Industry, which they enjoy. The
Trustees at present cannot think of sending any more Saltzburghers this
Year, the Season being too far advanced to have time to collect them;
and being very cautious of creating any new Expence [sic] until they are
fully able to defray it. their [sic] Inclination is strong to gratify the
Industrious and promote the Welfare of the whole Province as far as
they are able, and You may rest Satisfied of their pursuing all
possible means for obtaining that end. My Service attends Your Fellow
Labourers [sic], Mr. Gronau, as well as all good Offices in my Power being
at Your Command
Yr. most Obedient Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Duche dated at Westmr.
the 14th, July 1739.
Your Proposal of the 29th. of December last having been read to
the Trustees they have been, pleased to send You an Iron Pastle [sic] and
Mortar in a Cask, 40 pound wt. of fine deep Smalt in a Box, 60 Pound
wt. of Fine Tin Ingots in a Box, and 71/2 lb wt, of lead in 44 Bars to
encourage You in the makeing [sic] Porcelain or China Ware, and by Showing
this Letter to William Stephens Escr. you will be intitled [sic] to receive them.
As to the other part of your proposal you are desired to
send over Specimens of all you make, and some of the finest Clay baked
and unbaked before the Trustees can consider thereof, for without
Proofs of Your work the Trustees cannot apply to Serve You in any
Yr. most humble Servant.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. dated at
Westmr. 10th. August 1739
Your last Journal received by the Trustees went to the 21st
April but they daily expect a Subsequent Journal. They wrote very full
to You by the two Brothers Captain Thomson.
The Trustees now acquaint You That the Act for regulating and
paying of Pilots, and for levying Duties on Ships and Vessells [sic]
for andtowards the Repair of the Beacon at Tybee and for answering the
Consumption of Gun Powder in Signals and on other Occasions; has been
presented to the King in Council, and by his Majesty referred to a
Committee who have referred it to the Lords Commissioners for Trade
and Plantations to Report their Opinion of the said Act, to enable the
Committee to Report the same to the King for his Royal Approbation
which when obtained and printed will be immediately transmitted to
The Common Council of the Trustees having on the 8th. instant
agreed to a Resolution relating to the Grants and Tenure of Lands in
Georgia, the same as soon as printed will be sent over; But the
Substance thereof (by this Sudden opportunity of a Ships going) the
Trustees make you acquainted with. Which is, "That the Grants of Land
in Georgia heretofore made, and hereafter to be made by the Trustees
to any Person or Persons whatsoever shall be altered made and
established for the future in manner and Form following, that is to
If Tenant in Tail Male of Lands in the said Colony not having
forfeited or determined his or her Estate by any Act done or suffered)
shall happen to dye [sic] leaving a Widow and one or more Daughters; The
Widow shall hold and enjoy the Dwelling House and Garden and one half of
such Lands for her Life and the other half with the Reversion of such
Widows house and Lands to he holden in Tail Male by any one of the
Daughters of such Tenant if not exceeding eighty Acres, and if exceeding
eighty Acres by such and so many of the Daughters of such Tenant
as such Tenant shall by his or her last Will direct and Appoint such
Daughter or Daughters being unmarried and not possessed of or intitled
[sic] in her or their own right to any Lands in the said Colony And in
Default of such Direction or appointment to be holden in Tail Male by
the Eldest of such Daughters unmarried and possessed of Lands as
aforesaid. And in case such Tenant shall leave no Daughter or Daughters
Born in his Life time or within 9 Months after his Death but only a
Widow then such Widow shall be Tenant for Life in the Whole, or in
case he shall leave no Widow Then that such Lands shall he holden in
Tail Male immediately after his Death or the Death of such Widow if any
by such Person if not exceeding eighty Acres, and if exceeding eighty
Acres by such Person or Persons as such Tenant by his or her last Will
and Testament shall direct and appoint and in Default of such Direction
or Appointment to he holden in Tail Male by the Heir at Law of
Provided the same he claimed in twelve Months of residing in
America and 18 Months if out of America after the Death of such Tenant
and that no Appointment by a Tenant of Lands exceeding eighty Acres
shall he made of any Lands in a Lesser quantity than fifty Acres to one
And that in the Grants hereafter to he made of eighty Acres or
more the Grantee shall have a Power of giving and revising the same by
his or her Last Will to his or her Son or Sons in Tail Male, but not in
any Lot or Portion under fifty Acres. And In Default of such Devise
then to descend to the eldest Son in Tail Male.
Which Resolution having been well Considered is introduced with
the necessary Preamble occasioning the same; and the Trustees make no
doubt of its having the desired Effect.
Your most Obedient Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to his Grace the Duke of
Newcastle His Majestys [sic] Principal Secretary of State, dated
28th. August 1739.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
having received a Letter from Col. Oglethorpe to their Accomptant
dated at Frederica. In Georgia the 15th. of June last, containing a
matter of great Importance to the Publick [sic], have in Duty to his
Majesty herewith sent Your Grace a Copy thereof
The Service to he performed by Col. Oglethorpes [sic] long Journey on
this Occasion, tho so highly Necessary not only for the Preservation
of Georgia but of all His Majestys [sic] other Possession on that part
of the Continent of America, cannot he perfected without very extraordinary
Expences [sic] attending it; And as such Expences [sic] could not in any
manner be provided for in the Sum granted by Parliament this last Session,
for the further settling end Improving the Colony of Georgia; (which
includes only the Payment of unavoidable Debts before Contracted, and
the Charges of further settling and improving the Colony, wherein the
Ordinary Annual Presents to the Indians bordering on the British
Settlements there is a part; But not any Expence [sic] for the
Defence [sic] or Security of the Colony)
And as the extraordinary Presents on this Particular Occasion
necessary to gain and preserve the Friendship of those several Nations
of Indians to His Majestys [sic] Subjects is the only means of securing them
and his Majestys [sic] Possessions against all Attempts that may be
made to disturb them, the Trustees on behalf of Col. Oglethorpe who has
been obliged to buy Horses end Presents to carry up with him to the
appointed Meeting of the said Indians, do represent to Your Grace these
Expences [sic], as not relative to the Civil Government of the Colony; That
when the Accompt of them shall be sent over they may be defrayed as a
Service Incurred for the Preservation of all His Majestys Subjects
upon that part of the Continent of America.
Most Obedient and most
(Pages 277 through 280 consist of the Resolutions of the Trustees in
printed form and were not copied.)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Andrew Stone Esqr. dated.
September the 5th. 1739.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia observing in
the King of Spain's Manifesto P. 19 the following Paragraph vizt.
This Contravention is not unlike that of Florida in 1735,
when it was agreed that all things should remain in Statuquo [sic]
till the Limitts [sic] were regulated by the two Governors. The
English Governor Nevertheless went on in extending his
Plantations, and committed several Hostilities against the
Spaniards and his Catholick [sic] Majesties Indian Nassalls [sic]
And supposing this must refer to the Treaty, which was Settled between Col. Oglethorpe and the Governor of Augustine; they think it incumbent on
them to desire You will lay before His Grace the Duke of Newcastle the
Errors which they find in that Paragraph of the Manifesto.
In the first place no Treaty was made there in the Year 1735.
It was in the Month of October 1736, Col. Oglethorpe not arriving in
the Colony till Febry. 1735/6
In the Second place there is no Article in the Treaty that
all things should remain in Statuquo [sic] but it was agreed; that the
Island of St. George, which caommanded [sic] the Spanish Outguard
should be dispeopled and left unpossessed by the Subjects of either Nation, as a Barrier between them and that as to what regarded the Differences which were or might arise concerning the Limits of the two respective Governments and Dominions of the two Crowns, the said Differences should not he touched upon but rather laid aside to he
decided and determined till the two respective Courts should resolve and determine them; and that no Hostilities should in the mean time he committed by either side.
The Trustees conceive this Article could be no restriction upon
them from fortifying their Settlements already made, And they think it
proper His Grace should he acquainted that no Plantations have been
extended beyond the Island which was dispeopled; Nor has Col.
Oglethorpe committed any Hostilities against the Spaniards and his Catholick [sic] Majestys [sic] Indian Vassals, but on the Contrary, Col. Oglethorpe has
always taken the most effectual Methods to prevent the Free Indians, as
well as those which are Subjects to His Majesty, offering any Violence
to the Spaniards or their Indians in revenge for Injuries which they
had received, in the murder of several of their Nations; and has kept
Boats at an Expence [sic] to the Trust to hinder their passing over the River, which is the Boundary of the two Provinces.
Your Most Obedient humble
Copy of a letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thos. Christie dated at
Westmr. the l4th. Septemr. 1739
The Trustees having appointed You first Bailiff of Savannah and
also a Commissioner for examining and Stating the publick [sic] Debts in
Georgia and the Accots. of Mr. Thomas Causton and Mr. William Bradley,
do direct that You call upon him the said Bradley, to give Security in
the Town Court at Savannah not to depart the Province of Georgia until
his Accompts are made up.
The Trustees cant direct what Security you are to take, but it
is expected You take the best You can get.
They having wrote [sic] to Mr. Stephens to hasten the finishing their
Commission for Stating and examining the Publick [sic] Debts in Georgia to
enable the Trustees to exhibit their Accot. to Parliament, and You
being in that Commission, the Trustees require Your Assistance therein,
if not already Perfected.
Yr. most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Hawkins dated
at Westminster 14th. Septr. 1739
The Trustees having in their Estimate from Michaelmas next
allowed You L 10::- a year for Your Corresponding with William
Stephens Esqr. Secretary for their Affairs in Georgia, concerning the
Occurrences in the Southern part of the Province; And as the Nature of
his Employment is a great Trust and of a general Extent, it requires
every Magistrate or other Officer in every Part of the Province without
Reserve to acquaint him with and consult him in all Matters of Importance;
That he may thereby he enabled to give the Trustees that Minute
Accot. from time to time of the State of the Province, which they
expect from him.
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Jones dated at
Westmr. l4th. September 1739.
The Trustees last Letter to You was dated the l4th. of July 1759
which acquainted You, That the Estimated Expences [sic] of the Colony from
Michaelmas next were to be defrayed with Funds, sent for that purpose,
by Mr. Stephens Mr. Christie and Your Self or any two of You; Such
two Accompting [sic] for the Services as defrayed. And in their Letter of
the 3d March last they acquainted You that L 710 in their Sola
Bills were to be Issued by the said Mr. Stephens Mr. Henry Parker and
Your Self, or any two of You for such Services as are therein mentioned;
And that the Accompts of the Produce of fifteen Tons of strong Beer then
sent, and of the Issues of the said Bills were to be certified by such
two who should issue the said Bills.
And the Trustees leaving since reconsidered their said Letters
do direct and require; That the Accompts of the said Produce and Services for which the said Beer and their Sola Bills are Issued, are to be
given and Signed by all the three Persons above authorized, when that
can he obtained; and when not, by any two of them at least; And that
no one of the said three Persons alone has any Power without the
Concurrence of one other of them, to apply the Produce of the said Fifteen
Tons of Beer, or Issue any of their said Sola Bills; And therefore
no Accompt of such Application, or issuing of Bills will be received or
accepted from any one of such three Persons only; but must be Signed by
all or two of them at least.
The Trustees having therefore thus explained their former
Letters, and having also appointed You third Bailiff of Savannah, hope
that You will carefully execute that Office; And as much as in You
lyes [sic] encourage the other Magistrates to Act in Conjunction with You by an Affable and courteous Behaviour [sic], which is the most proper Endearment for producing the Respect due to such Office.
The Trustees also further recommend to Your Conduct, that on all
Occasions You apply to and consult with William Stephens Esqr. Secy,
for their Affairs in Georgia; The Nature of whose Employment is of that
great Trust and general Extent that it requires, That every Magistrate
and other Officer in every Part of the Province should without Reserve
acquaint him with, and consult him in all Matters of Importance; That
he may be enabled to give the Trustees such a minute Accot. from time
to time of the State of the Province, which they expect from him
The Trustees desire You will hasten the finishing the Accots. of
Mr. Thomas Causton and Mr. William Bradley with the Trust, in case they
are not already done. And they have wrote [sic] to Mr. Christie to call upon Bradley to give Security not to depart the Province of Georgia, until
his Accots. are made up.
They have also wrote [sic] to Mr. Stephens to hasten the finishing
their Commission, for examining and stating the Publick [sic] Debts in
Georgia; to enable the Trustees to exhibit their Accompt to Parliament.
And You being in that Commission, the Trustees require Your Assistance
therein, if not already perfected.
Your most humble Servant.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr.
dated the l4th. September 1739
The Trustees since their Letter to You dated the 10th. of last
month have received your Letter dated 19th. of May and 22d. of June
with Your Journals from April before. They are concerned to find Mr.
Joness Behaviour [sic] so dissatisfactory to the People, and therefore so
ungratefull [sic] to You; And that Your Son has had the least Occasion for
Uneasiness, which the Trustees apprehend him in no manner deserving
of. They have wrote [sic] to Mr. Jones of what is expected from him, and
have herewith sent You a Copy of that Letter, and Mr. Hawkins being to
Correspond with you from the Southern part of the Province, they have
wrote to him also, and sent You a Copy thereof. The Occasion of which
Letters is, that it may he known what great Depandence [sic] the Trustees
have on You, and how much they regard You.
When Your Son arrives, the Trustees hope his Health will soon
he Reestablished; And that he will hasten his Return to You to be
Assistant to, and instructed in their Service by You; whose Example
they would have him immitate [sic].
The Resolutions of the Common Council relating to the Grants
and Tenure of Lands in Georgia passed the Seal the 28th. of last
Month, and are now printing for the Use of the Inhabitants. And
the Original and printed Copies thereof will he sent You together, by
the Ship America Captn. Gerald; As also a proper Notice to be given in
America by affixing one in each respective Town Court in Georgia, and
publishing it in the South Carolina Gazette; which the Trustees will
employ Mr. William Hopton at Charles Town to do, to whose Care on Your
Character of him in Your Journal, the Trustees Letters and Parcels for
the future will be consigned
The Trustees have herewith sent You a Book containing a compondious [sic]
Account of Silk Worms, and have sent another to Genl. Oglethorpe;
As also four more of them to You, for the use of such Persons
in both Parts of the Province who are most desirous to promote that so
much wanted and beneficial Produce; to be lent them for making a good
Use thereof. And the Trustees desire to know how Abraham DeLyon goes
on with his Vineyards.
The Trustees have wrote [sic] to Mr. Jones about Mr. Caustons and
Mr. Bradley's Accompts; And they desire that Mr. Bradley should he
called up to give Security for his remaining in Georgia until his
Accots. are made up for which Purpose Hr. Christie has been wrote [sic]
to. And the Trustees desire a Return to their Commission for examining and
Stating the Publick [sic] Debts particularly mentioned therein, that they
may know the true Amount of the said Debts, and thereby be enabled to
deliver their Accompt to Parliament; which Commission if not fully
executed, must be perfected with all Possible Expedition, the
Parliament being expected to meet before Christmas.
The Trustees desire You will let them know the present State of
the Province with respect to its Inhabitants and Defence [sic]; and also
desire to have a Report concerning the Land of the several Lots set
out at Highgate, which you and Mr. Henry Parker were directed to View
by the Trustees Letter dated the 12th. of June 1738. And as Mr. Hugh
Anderson has wrote very largely to the Earl of Egmont, which has been
communicated to the Trustees, they have herewith sent You a Copy
therefore and desire you will make year Observations on those parts
which relate to the Lands with regard to their different Soils; and
communicate the same to the Trustees, together with Your Informing
them, if from Observation any Person's Lot already set out does not
contain sufficient good Land to Maintain with Industry their Family
and Live Stock. They also desire to know of what Nature the 300d.
Acres of Land is which is set out for the Religious Uses of the Colony
in the Northern and Southern parts thereof; and what Progress has been
in the Cultivation of those 300d. ' Acres Lots; and also if any and what
Progress has been made towards building a Church; and to have a Model
or Description of such intended Building.
The Trustees desire You will inform Your Self and let them know
whether any and what Money has been (300) received; and by whom for the
Granting of Licences [sic] to Traders with the Indians: And in what manner
the same has been Accoted. for.
Yr. most Obedient Servant
N.B. Captn. Gerald has sold his Ship
to the Government for a Fire Ship, and
Captn. Summerset will be the next that
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to the Honble. General
Oglethorpe dated at Westmr. 14th. Septr. 1739
Your Letter of the 15th. of June last to the Trustees Accotant.
containing a matter of great Importance to the Publick [sic], The Trustees
ordered a Copy of part thereof (as far as your Mentioning your being
Obliged to buy Horses and Presents to carry up to the Meeting of the
Indian Nations) to be sent to the Duke of Newcastle, with a Memorial
from the Trustees on your behalf concerning the Expences [sic] which may
attend that Service on this extraordinary Occasion for the Security of
the Colony; which is no way provided for by any Money granted for the
Trust, A Copy of which Memorial is herewith sent You.
By which Memorial the Trustees hope You will have a proper Claim
laid to intitle [sic] You to apply to the Administration for the Payment of these Exigences, or say other You may have defrayed, or shall have
Occasion to defray for the Security and Defence [sic] of the Colony; As
necessary Services incurred and not provided for by Parliament.
And the Accoumts thereof, when sent over by You will enable
such Person as you shall appoint to apply for the Reimbursing You such
Expences [sic] as above mentioned; Since the Trustees have it not in their
Power to do so with any Money they are accomptable [sic] to the
Publick [sic] for.
The Trustees having at their last General Meeting Resolved to
extend their Grants to their present Tenants in Tail Male; The
Common Council have with great Deliberation, and in Consequence of many
full Meetings at last Resolved to preserve their Tenures in Tail Male,
but to extend their Grants; under the same Rents Reservations Provisoes
[sic] and Conditions as in their Original Grants are contained save and
except so much thereof as is now altered in case of failure of Issue
Male; Which Resolutions were agreed to the 28th. of last month, and
also a Deed Poll relating to forfeited Lots; Copies whereof are here
with sent You. And these Resolutions will be printed for the use of
the Inhabitants in Georgia.
The Trustees having been informed that Caleb Davis had an
Order from the Governor of St. Augustine for 400.d^ Arms and for
Ammunition; And that he had promised to Supply the Spaniards with them;
You are hereby acquainted thereof that the same may be enquired into and
guarded against; and more especially in the present Situation of
Publick [sic] Affairs
The Trustees have herewith sent you a Book containing a compendious
Account of Silk Worms, and have sent five more of them to Mr. Stephens
for the use of each Persons in both parts of the Province, who are
most desirous to promote that so much wanted and beneficial Produce
Your Letter of the 28th. of May last was received the 10th.
instant, and read the 12th, But the particular Accompts you mention to
be sent by the way of Carolina are not yet received, altho Your Letter
of the 15th. of June before mentioned was received the 20th. of
last month; And the Trustees are sorry for Your Rheumatick [sic] Pain
Occasioned by Your Fatigues, but hope it is gone off again.
Your most Obedient Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Williem Stephens Esqr.
dated at Westmr, 28th. Septr. 1739.
Herewith You receive a Copy of the Trustees last letter dated
the l4th. Instant and they having an Opportunity of sending from
Portsmouth the Presents for the Indians and the Resolutions relating
to the Grants and Tenure of Lands in Georgia with printed Copies for the
use of the Inhabitants, the Trustees embraced the same to forward them
with the Provisions now going for General oglethorpes Regmt. not knowing
in the present Posture of Affairs when another Opportunity could offer.
Herewith you have a Copy of the Invoice of which the Bill of
Lading is consigned to General Oglethorpe the Ship being to be
discharged at Frederica, but Mr. Hawkins is instructed to forward this
Letter and the Box directed to You which contains two hundred of the
Printed Resolutions abovementioned [sic] for the use of the Inhabitants at
Savannah and in the Northward And the Original thereof under the
Corporation Seal which is to be Registered in the Common Register in
Georgia. A Deed Poll relating to forfeited Lots whereof a Copy is sent
to Mr. Hawkins and also 200d. of the said Printed Resolutions for the
Inhabitants in the Southern part of the Province; with a Notice for
Persons to Claim to he fixed in the Town Court of Frederica and You
have Also another Notice to he fixed in the Town Court at Savannah
and a Copy is herewith sent You to he published in the South
Carolina Gazette; which the Trustees desire You would send to Mr.
William Hopton at Charles Town to get published accordingly.
Yr. most humble Servant
Mr. Richard Lobb has Entered
his Claim at the Trustees Office
to his Lot at Savannah and the
Trustees desire to know if he
has performed the Conditions
of his first Grant and if not,
wherein he has been deficient
Invoice of Goods on board the Ship Saint George Captn, Joseph
For Presents to the Indians
G X C.
No. 1 to 8 Chests containing 200.d Guns in List Cases
No. 1 to 8 Bales containing forty peices [sic] of Striped Duffills [sic]
No. 9 A Bale containing six peices [sic] of Stop List Cloths
whereof two dyed Mazarine blue two dyed Emerald
Green and two dyed Red.
No. 1 a Case containing 5 m Gun Flints
No. 2 a Box containing 10 pds. small Beads
6 Bunches of Red Beads
3 Bunches of large Beads
4 doz. of Stone Ear Rings
& 6 doz. of Do. better
No. 3 a Cask containing 30 brass Kettles
A Box of Cutlery &c containing vizt.
20 Doz. Bucks Horn Spring knives
1 Doz. Gun Flyer Hammers
1 Doz. half Moon Gun Screws
1 Doz. Claw Gun Hammers
18 Cases each containing 2 Razors and 1 pair of Scizars [sic]
And 2 Doz. looking Glasses
A Box of Paint containing 8 pds. fine Vermillion Red
8 pds. Smalt Blue
8 pds. Rose Colour
8 pds. Yellow
And 1 pd. of Green
A Box of Pipes containing 12 Groce [sic] of Hunting Pipes
For Supplying part of the Estimated Expences [sic] of
Georgia from Michaelmas 1739
No. 1 and 2 Casks containing 240 pair of Mens
Shoes at 4s a pair 48:-:-
100 pair of Womens [sic] Shoes. 11: 5:-
2 Casks to Pack them in.. : 6:11
Carriage of them to London. 1:16: 3
Carriage to Southwark. -:2:6
Carriage to Portsmouth 1:15: -
Freight to Georgia... 0:15: -
L 64:-: 7
Insurance at 5.d P Cent on the present Expectation)
Of War 3: 4: 5
L 67: 5: -
Which is about 4s/7d A Pair the Mens and 2s/7 a pair the Womens [sic]
Shoes Which are to he Retailed for ready Money at such Places
in the Province where most wanted, who are to he allowed a reasonable
Profit on the Prime Cost; they paying the Money they receive from time
to time to the Amount of such primce [sic] Cost to he reissued by William
Stephens Esqr. Mr. Thomas Christie and Mr. Thomas Jones or any two of
them when all three cannot he present for defraying the Expences[sic] of the Estimate from Michas 1739
To be Delivered as directed.
A Box to Mr. Thomas Hawkins containing 200.d of the Printed Resolutions
relating to the Grants and Tenure of lands in Georgia.
A Copy of the Deed Poll relating to forfeited Lots
A Notice to be fixed in the Town Court at Frederica relating to
And the Daily Advertizers [sic] from l6 July 1739 to 20 September following
And a Box to Wm. Stephens Esqr. containing 200d of the Printed
Resolutions relating to the Grants and Tenure of lands in Georgia.
The Original of the said Resolutions under the Corporation Seal
The Original Deed Poll relating to forfeited Lots.
And a Notice to he fixed in the Town Court at Savannah relating to
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to The Honble. General
Oglethorpe dated at Westmr. 28th. Septr. 1739.
Herewith You receive a Copy of the Trustees Letter dated the
l4th. Instant and they by Accident hearing of Mr. Revells Ship bound
for Georgia with Provisions for Your Regiment embraced that Opportunity
of sending by Land to Portsmouth the Presents they estimated for the
Indians to he distributed the ensuing Year, there being no likelihood
in the Present Posture Affairs of another Ship to send them in time
by: The said Presents are Invoiced, and their Parcells [sic] mentioned in
their Bill of Lading and Invoice herewith sent You.
Besides these Presents there are two Casks of Shoes sent as a
Remittance for Part of the Estimated Expences [sic] of the Colony from
Michaelmas next which William Stephens Esqr. Mr. Thomas Christie and
Mr. Thomas Jones or any two of them are to defray and to send their
Accots. thereof to the Trustees and in Boxes to Mr. Hawkins and Mr.
Stphens [sic] the Original and printed Copys of the Resolutions relating to
the Grants and Tenure of Lands in Georgia are sent, the printed Copies
being 200.d in each Box for the use of the Inhabitants; And Notices
are to be affixed, in each Town Court for Persons to claim the Benefit
intended them which Mr. Stephens and Mr. Hawkins are wrote [sic] to about.
I am Sir
Your most Obedient Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to the Honble. Richd. Chandler
Esqr. dated at Westminster the 8th. Octor. 1739
There having been both Masts and Tarr [sic] imported to London from
Georgia the Growth and produce of that Province And a Bounty being
payable to the Importers thereof from His Majestys [sic] other Plantations; when duly certified by the Officers of the Customs, and altho
sufficient Testimony has appeared that such Masts and Tarr [sic] were the
Growth and Produce of Georgia, yet for want of Officers of the Customs
in that Province to certify the same no Bounty has been allowed
thereon, to the great Discouragement of the Persons who imported the
same. To Remedy which the Trustees for establishing the Colony of
Georgia in America do propose (by Your Self one of their own Members)
That the Officers which the Trustees are impowered [sic] to appoint for
executing all Matters and things in Georgia concerning the Liberty
extended to that Province for carrying Rice from thence to any Port
Southward of Cape Finisterre by an Act passed in the eighth Year of
His present Majestys Reign; may be Deputed and Impowered [sic] by the
Commissioners of His Majestys [sic] Customs to execute all other Matters of the Customs in Georgia on their giving Security to His Majesty for that
Purpose, and that they may be Instructed by the said Commissioners in
the due Execution of their respective Offices, which the Trustees
also propose should be performed by such Officers without any Expence [sic] to the Crown until Revenues may arise to His Majesty from the said
Province applicable to the defraying that Expence [sic]. Which Propositions the Trustees committ [sic] to Your Care to consult with the other Commissioners of His Majestys [sic] Customs thereupon, and are Communicated by
Yr. Honrs. Most Obedient humble
Mr. Stephens the Son, his thoughts on ye Colony of Georgia, and
the Trustees measures. 24 Nov. 1739
Some few Considerations humbly offerd to the
Honble. the Trustees For Establishing the Colony
of Georgia For the most effectually Cultivating
the Lands in the said Colony.
May it please your Honours [sic]
Did the present declining Condition of the Colony proceed from
any one evil only, it would not be so difficult to relate as it is;
and as I never thought of its coming to my turn to lay any thing of
this sort before your Honours [sic], till last Friday; you were pleased to
recommend to me so Suddain [sic] a Departure, which, in the Small time I then had to reflect on the unhappy Circumstances of almost all I left in
Georgia, was the occasion of my Saying, what gained greater Indulgence
from your Honrs, than with Modesty I could have expected; and which
has given me an opportunity to acquaint your Honrs, of what those
people say are the Causes of their so numerous complaints: tho Indeed
I am only able to do it in part having but what I can recollect; and
shall therefore hope for your Honours [sic] pardon, if I am not so
methodical, nor my work so compleat [sic] as might otherwise be expected; So as I deviate not from the truth and write without Picque [sic], Prejudice or partiallity [sic], or Indeed any thoughts of my own, but only of what I have heard and observed, concerning the Conditions and Sentiments of the People. For to make your Honours [sic] thoroughly acquainted with the Scituation [sic] of your affairs in America, were a Task by far too great for me to undertake; their Ill Success proceeding not from one Cause alone, but many concurring Circumstances; some of which I adventure to lay before your Honours[sic] , but wish 'twere the work of an abler pen. What I have to say consists partly of Matters of fact from my own knowledge, whereof I frequently give one Instance only, where perhapps [sic] more might be found; because I would avoid carrying this Acct. to an excessive length, and trouble your Honours [sic] with trifles; and some indeed are only from Hearsay; but yet as I know that even these occasion great disturbance, I humbly apprehend they are not quite beneath your Honours [sic] Regard, being convinced that your intentions are to promote the Happiness of your People, towards wch. an Enquiry into Some things would undoubtedly be one great Step, whether it falls on those Reported to have behaved ill, or, for want of Sufficient proof, the informer, because a publick [sic] impartial Enquiry must be satisfactory' to every well disposed person: Complaints would the Cease of course; those that gave too easy credit to Reports without Foundation would be sorry for the trouble that they had occasioned, and the Clamorous could say no
more; but I fear I transgress in Speaking of what does not belong to
Some things are indeed touching the Fundamentals, and for which
I shall yet hope for your Pardon, If I exceed not what I have
heard others say, and do beleive [sic] o'my Conscience are the thoughts of
Sober, honest men; humbly Submitting it to your Honours [sic] to Judge,
whether or no such Complaints are well grounded.
Having observed your Honours [sic] to be always well pleased with the
naked Truth, tho its shape were disagreeable, I shall not study in
what dress tis offered, least I disguise it, and offend.
In the first plaice your Honours [sic] will allow me to object to you
I hear of none going for Georgia.
Very few Familys [sic] have Settled there
at their own Expence [sic] these 3 years.
Some of them did not stay long, many
others are frequently going off.
Most part of the remainder are Poor
Many lands formerly cultivated axe
now only marks of Disolation [sic], being
forsaken and ran to ruin.
Theres no ground worth mentioning
Not So much planted last Season as
had been some preceeding [sic] years.
To come closer to the Point, Affairs in Georgia have yet a more
unpleasing Aspect, arising
1. The Tenure of Lands.
2. Your Honours [sic] answer to the Representation.
3. The past Ill Conduct of those who at this this time happen
to be Magistrates.
The People are bent on holding their Lands in fee Simple, which
partly proceeds from your Honours [sic] good Intentions not having been
always fulfilld in Georgia. You say, for very just and good Reasons,
that twere necessary you should reserve the Power of alienation &c,
to your Selves, and that upon proper application being made, leave
would be given for People to dispose of their lands; as Sometimes have
been, and so far is well.
But people having been too often balked in their Expectations
in affairs of different kinds, gives Room to the unknowing, to say no
less than that they have been deceived in many things quite materiel,
and which concern their very being, and so consequently may be again,
and that unless they have it in their power to dispose of their lands
at Will, they fear that from what has happen'd, they can have no
dependence on the present Tenure, and that either themselves or
Successors may Suffer hereafter, in Case the Government of the Place should fall into the hands of a Person, that Regards his own more than the Peoples Interest; the like having been known in America, and therefore notwithstanding, they are Satisfied of the Integrity of the Honble. Trustees, yet with Regard to the Future, they say it behoves them, to make Sure their property, when it Seems to he precarious.
Again if a Man has improved his Land, and thinks it expedient
to return to his Native Country, or go elsewhere, he must then dispose
of his effects, or at so greet distance can never hope for any
Good from them. Or a person going thither with a Small Sum of money in
his Pocket, he lays it out in Improvements which he can't dispose of,
where will he find Credit? or what will Such improvements or lands
The disappointments People have met with concerning your Honrs. good designs not being executed, are said to be various, what I can at
present recollect to have heard of this Sort are
Edward Bush having built a large
House in Savannah and Cultivated his
Lot in a Workmanlike manner, was
desirous of leaving his Estate to
his Daughters, but upon asking leave
received only this short answer;
Your Daughters shall never Inherit.
His house is not yet Compleated [sic] in
the Inside, nor is his Lot planted.
Others that are well disposed are
loth to clear Lands, with great
Labour [sic] and but mean Crops, least
they meet with the Same fate.
There was a small Common designed
for the use of the Town, the Bounds
of which I am unacquainted with.
But the Inhabitants Say that the
Hutts [sic] for the Trustees Servants,
and their little Plantations at the
hack of the Town are Encroachments
on their Common So Small
People at Frederica complain heavily
that the Trustees have taken from
them their Common; or great part of
it, and converted it to their own
As one of the Freeholders there does
concerning his Freehold. Tis an
universal complaint that the
Conditions of the Grants are what no man
And next for the Representation from the Inhabitants of Savannah,
which was drawn up in a most Shamefull [sic] manner, and those that had the Pening [sic] of it, were Ignorant of the Honble. Persons they were to
Address. Who they were I know not. Nevertheless your Honrs, tender
Care for the People is so well known, that we are yet assured your
Compassion for the Poor will not he obstructed thro [sic] the Misbehaviour [sic] of the Proud; and if a Man in a Starving Condition Sought relief from
your Honours [sic]by the hands of another, you would not see him perish
because the Messenger was Saucey [sic]; and especially if no others were to be found; which was said to be their Case. For they had been quite
wearied out ere this was done, having formerly given in many Petitions
Sec, (as they alledge [sic] ) at Savannah and sent others for England and never received any answer to them, and tis a Common Complaint that Letters
miscarry there, insomuch that notwithstanding your Honrs, care for the
Safe Conveyance of Letters by the hands of your Secretary few are
Committed to his Care, or come in your Packett [sic] to him so jealous are
People. So that under these Circumstances they were glad to make
their Case known to your Honrs, at any Bate, least for want of another
Sure opportunity, to do it in time, they should breath their last,
ere Belief came. I condemn their manner of doing this, but at the
Same time humbly apprehend, that nothing false being there Set forth
as matter of Pact, your Honours [sic] will rather Spare the Guilty, than
Suffer those to smart who displease you thro [sic] Ignorance or inadvertently.
As for those that had the management of it, tis to be observed they
would not allow certain People to Sign least it might give offence [sic].
If then they were fearfull [sic] of it in one thing tis humbly Submitted to your Honours [sic] whether they would do it willfully in another. Yet true it is that Beggars ought not to be Choosers, and whatever Some might
mean to ask, twas the design of others only to lay before your
Honours [sic] their necessity; and that they had no Prospect of maintaining
themselves by following the present Scheme for Cultivation, and to
leave it to your Honrs. Consideration what Remedy would he best, end
would he content if one of such sort as your Selves thought expedient
were applyed [sic]; which with your Honours [sic] allowance brings me to Speak of the Article beforementioned [sic] relating to your Answer to it, of which much might he said, but I'll endeavour [sic] to he as brief as possible. If Strict Enquiry were made I doubt not twould [sic] be found that things have been misrepresented to your Honours[sic], not only with
false appearances, but what is also False in Fact, or that you could
not have Suffered so sharp an Answer to your Peoples Representation, to
have gone to them without preventing their impending Ruin; for in it
are some things the Contrary whereof are so well known in Georgia, that
I fear it will not he so well relished, nor carry with it so great a
weight, as things coming from your Honours [sic] ever used to do. Upon reading it over what Struck me was. You say, (if I remember rightly) that.
You have received a Representation
from many of the People of Savannah.
And you likewise mention after it, that,
You had received a Petition from The
Inhabitants in the South &c,
Now With a Counterposition of the Words The and Many (and which I
beleive [sic]to be the Fact) the thing will appear in quite a different
Light. If I might presume so far, I would beg leave to Say that had
not your Honours [sic] been misinformed, possibly you might have said,
that. You had recd. a Representation from the People of Savannah.
and, that, You had received a Petition from many
of the Inhabitaints in the South &c,
which was the greatest length those that wrote you could Justly go.
For all the People in and near Savannah would have Signed the
Representation, and voluntarily too (about 3 only excepted, for the
same Reasons that those Signed the Petition in the South) had they been
allowed; whereas only some of those in the South Signed the Petition,
and they thro [sic] the Craft of Some; Many (here it is proper) of whom
signed a Counter Petition, and those that did not, said they were a
Shamed of themselves, for tamely Submitting to do a Thing so contrary
to their own and Countrys [sic] future Interest, for the Sake of Something
pleasing to themselves for the present. Particularly Mr. John Cuthbert
who Commands a Company of Rangers, said, he wished his hand had
dropt [sic] off 'ere he did it, and People beleive [sic] that he had rather lost his Commission than have done it. Indeed the very People he commanded absolutly [sic] refused it. So that could any one be vile enough to entertain so unworthy a Thought, of so many Men of Honour [sic] and of High Rank, as their Printing that Answer to impose upon the World, yet tis imagined they could not have done a thing of this nature so contradictory to Truth, without Intelligence from a broad, which only could so mislead
them, as to make them think that the Representation was only the
Contrivance of a Few Crafty ones in Savannah, to get Negroes; and that
in General People were better pleased without them, and in no want of
any thing else. Add to this, the Affidavits of Capt. Hugh M Kay,
Lieut. George Dunbar and the aforesaid Mr. J. Cuthbert; wherein you are
given to understand that the Soldiers worked in the heat of the day.
I dont doubt it for indeed I spared not my going out in the heat
of the day, as at other times but must needs that twas as much as
I could bear, and that not one in 5 could endure it so well, but be
that as it will, I humbly Submit it to yr. Honours [sic] , whether a Soldier that is orderd to work upon Such an occasion, as the carrying a few Clapp boards, will exert himself, or his work is to be compared with
that of a Labourers [sic], toiling day after day with an Ax or Hough for his Breed; when he can Scarce get any Rest in the night for the Heat and
Insects. Whatever the other two Gentlemen may think of these things.
Poor Mr. Cuthbert once knew what a Summers Work of his Servants
The Acct. from the Ebenezer People of the happy Scituation [sic] they
are in, who live so near those of Purrysburgh so poor notwithstanding
their Negroes; which cant be denyed [sic] to have been hitherto usefull to
them, in doing the heaviest work at first Settling, at an easier Rate
by 6 to 1 than a White Man can do. I Say this is so monstrous to
conceive, that I can Scarcely tell what to make of it, more than that
it Seems to be of a Piece with the Petition from St. Simons.
Unless I say something here, your Honours [sic] will undoubtedly
think from the foregoing, that I am desirous of Negroes my Self,
to Prevent which I make this short Declaration of my Opinion concerning
them. That were an unlimitted [sic] Number of Negros allowed, the Colony
would certainly be Subject to many Evills [sic] which might accrue therefrom, but at present it does not occurr [sic] to me their so very great use.
The next thing is, concerning the Magistrates, whose Power
is of such an extent as not only for any one of the Bayliffs [sic] to grant Warrants, committ [sic] &c, at will; out when assembled in Court to Judge, as well in Cases of Life and Death as Meum and Tuum. The Choice of
such Judges is therefore of the last Consequence to the Being
of the People, and tho the Constitution of the Court is Excellent, yet
if the Administration of Justice he abused, whether thro Corruption
or Ignorance it Still ends in Oppression, which is Sorely felt in these
times of extream [sic] Poverty and want.
As I have observed that notwithstanding your Honours [sic] are here
bestowing care and Pains, for the Support and well Governing your
People; yet it too oftens [sic] happens, that thro [sic] the mismanagement
of those in Authority there under you; as well for the Administration of Justice, as Distributing of your good things, among us, and that too many
of your Noble designs prove abortive.
When your Honours [sic] were pleased to order the Issuing of Cash
and Stores to be done by three, or any two of them; yet when Mr. Jones
got Possession of all, he would admit of no Control, and (how just God
knows) Complaints were sometimes made, that some good People were
denyd Sustenance, whilst others less deserving were well fed; and that
he not only fell short of applying Some things to the good Uses in
tended, but as I am informed disobeyd your orders in others,
Mr. Henry Parker could not get Pro
visions for his Servants as allowed
in the Estimate, nor, the Italian
family in your Garden, tho servants
of your your own, who upon
Seeking Provisions, were bid go, to hell, and those quiet industrious
Folks having been often denyed [sic], when I came away said they would flee From Famine if they could: For they had near Served out their time.
It "being Indisputable that the People have "been much harassed
by those in Power, and Mr. Jones's Actions having always tended to an
arbitrary Sway, as indeed have those of other Gentlemen, who are said
to have done and Spoken things unseemly for a Man in Authority, which at
this time must "be most unwelcome. I would therefore that I were permitted
to acquaint your Honours[sic], how intolerable a Burthen [sic] the
Continuance of the present Magistrates may possibly
prove to your People dishearten'd already; and likewise how tis as
possible that the 2500 L lately remitted, may fail of Circulating or
being applyed [sic] to such uses as you intended, as was the L [ ] last
Summer For tis no matter what you say here, if Mr. Jones thinks
otherwise there: In order to do which I shall first give only a Few in
stances of Some of their most remarkable doings.
Mr. Thomas Christie Chief Bayliff [sic], is certainly very unsteady,
and has a Confused Head for one in his Office, and indeed is yet
unable to administer an Oath in Court, but what is Still worse I have
heard that he should say
That he has made a L 100 p Ann. by
his Business as Recorder.
That he committed Martin last year no
'one knows for what, and after the
wretch had lain four Months in
Jayl [sic] was discharged nobody knows how.
That he should say when Mr. Causton
was so absolute, that he must do as
he was bid. Or Mr. Causton would
shut the Store against him, as once
he did, for differing in Opinion with
him in a Case of Justice. That his
Records testify of his Ignorance.
[For reasons unknown the typescript is arranged in an odd pattern.]
Mr. Thomas Jones is of an high Spirit, and more given to gratify his
own Will than Govern according to Law or Justice, if what is alledged
[sic] of him he true indeed his Actions tend to the Subversion, not only of the Laws, but the very Fundamentals, on which the Colony is Established. Nay farther to Set at nought the very Trustees, and talk as if the General and they did not go hand in hand, or as if the General were not a Trustee. He values himself for being one of deep Reach, but has
Sometimes over shot himself, for I have heard that he has both done and
said what is not to be justified
That twas at the Instigation of Mr.
Jones that Martin was Committed.
That he has Orderd the Magistrates
to Committ [sic] a Person.
That he has fallen out with them if
the; did not attend him when orderd.
That he used to sit among them with
his hat on, and behave insolently
dictating them what to do.
That he has taken Papers out of the
Office, and used Mr. Causton and his
Servants so roughly, that he makes
that his Plea for his Backwardness
in Dating up his Accts.
Elat he was at the Bottom of Some
unjust informations given against
Mr. Robert Williams and others,
whereby their Lives were in danger.
That upon a Persons saying, the
General bids fair to be a very Great
Man, he should say, Ay, if the Trustees
did not so Cramp him.
That he should say he had nothing
to do with the Trustees, if he had
the Generals hand for what he did.
That he who has no land and Ignorant
of the work of Cultivation, should
often say to the People that they
ought to have Negroes, and farther
that he would write to the Trustees
the necessity there was for them.
That he ridicules not only our
Ministers Doctrine but the Service
of the Church.
Mr. John Fallowfield is hasty and Violent in his proceedings, and has
been heard to say things not Seemly in the mouth of a Man in Power, &
what Shewd [sic] he had no mercy for the afflicted
That upon talking up Mr. Causton he
should say, I hope to Seise [sic] on his
Plantation next week.
That he had no Reason to Strike that
German that died, because Several
People were at hand, whom the law
directed him to command to his
Assistance, in Case the Man had not "been
That he said he would not Scruple to
do an unlawfull [sic] thing for a Person
that was willing and able to defend
him, or Words to that purpose
That he frequents no place of Publick [sic]
Worship, but professes himself a
Quaker, which makes him unfit to
qualify to Act as a Magistrate,
unless he can dispense with that part
of his Religion
Mr. Thomas Hawkins a Frederica falls as far short of doing well
therefore tis reported of him and Strongly too
That he should say to the Jury upon
the Tryall [sic] of one Bland (I think)
that he would accept of no Verdict
for the Prisoner, for that his bread
depended on it.
That he wrote a Mittimus [sic] once to send
two men to Jail he could not tell
Your Honours [sic] having "been pleased to appoint your Secretary in Georgia,
with Mr. Christie and Mr. Jones to Issue the Cash lately remitted
I would with your leave observe to you, that whereas it does
manifestly appear, that Mr. Jones when he had the Cash in his own hands,
would never admit of any Such conjunction, and that rather then be
under any Cheque of that Sort, would not Suffer the Bills to be Issued
at all, which was undoubtedly the very Case of the L [ ] lately
returned from Georgia, as it went, has defeated your good Purpose more
than once, nor indeed has he ever yet Sufferd the Cash to come into
Your Secretarys [sic] hands, as intended for a long time, and thereby
deprived the Poor People of the benefit of the money, Sent them by
your Honours[sic]; and being thus perverse, I humbly apprehend he Still
has it in his Power to do what he enclines [sic], either by making Mr.
Christie Sign the Bills with him to issue as he thinks fit; Or if your Secretary should not let them go, unless he were Satisfy'd for what
Account, that yet he may direct Mr. Christie not to Sign them at all,
nor do it himself, and if so they cant be issued, for by the Endorsement
at least Two hands must be set to them. What was Still a greater length,
was the blotting out the names on the back of Some Bills, which is very unusual; So that taking all these things together, there Seems to be but
little likelihood the last Sum remitted, being applyd according to your Honours [sic] Order.
I had Something to offer concerning the Peoples lends &c, but
not being able to do it now, beg leave to defer it till another time.
If I have taken upon me too much in writing the above, or any
part of it, I have only this to Say in Excuse, that I was
apprehensive the Emergency of the Case required plain Speaking. For
there was so little planted last year, and the Inhabitants Poor, and
tired with Arbitrary Government; having little Inducement to Stay
longer, that many industrious and valuable People thought of nothing
but going. And now tis my humble opinion they all think they have no
Inducement to Stay for that little good is to be expected, at present,
but are Sure of troubles, and consequently would all go if they could;
but tis a sorrowfull [sic] Story that too many are unable to go or Stay But this is humbly Submitted to your Honours [sic] Consideration.
(337) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to His Grace the Duke of
Newcastle dated at Westminster the 5th. of December 1739.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
having received a Letter from General Oglethorpe dated the 5th. of
September last, wherein he mentions that Misunderstandings had been
fomented by the Spaniards and French between the Creek Indians and the
Carolina Traders; They have herewith sent Your Grace a Copy of the said
Letter. And at the same time acquaint Your Grace that His Majesty
having given His Royal Instruction dated the 21st. of July I738 to
Samuel Horsey Esqr. his then Governor and Lieutenant General of South
Carolina to recommend it to the Council and Assembly there to prepare
a Law for settling the Trade carried on by the Provinces of South
Carolina and Georgia with the Indians, on such a footing as may "be for
mutual Benefit and Satisfaction of both the said Provinces; And that
the Trustees having received a like Instruction from His Majesty, did
by the next Opportunity vizt. 25th, of August 1738. send a Copy thereof
to Genl. Oglethorpe, and recommended it to him to concert proper
Measures with the Lieutenant Governor Council and Assembly of South
Carolina, for preserving the Peace with the Indians by Licensing fit
Persons under the like reasonable Securities and Instructions for
regulating their Trade with the Indians in both Provinces and appointing
proper Persons for settling the Boundaries of each Province, and the
Nations of Indians within each Boundary, and the Computing the Number of Traders against the Number of Indians in both Provinces, in Order to
settle the Nations of Indians which one licensed Trader can supply and
the Nations of Indians which require more Traders than one to supply
them; And that for the mutual Benefit and Satisfaction of both Provinces,
one half of the said Traders should be licensed by the Commissioners
for South Carolina and the other half by the Commissioners for Georgia.
Which Instruction by reason of the Death of the said Samuel Horsey,
and the Delay of a new Governor's going over, has not yet been carried
The Trustees therefore on this Occasion represent to
Your Grace That they apprehend it of the greatest Consequence for
preserving the Indians in the Interest of Great Britain; That the said
Instruction, in the Absence of the Governor, be immediately sent to
the Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina, to recommend to the Council
and Assembly there to prepare such a Law while Genl. Oglethorpe
continues in America, for whom the Indians have the highest Esteem
That no time may he lost in providing; such Laws as may make the Indians
easy in relation to the Trade carried on with them in both the
Provinces of South Carolina and Georgia. I am my Lord
Your Graces &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to William Stephens Esqr.
dated the 5th. December 1739.
The Trustees have received Your Journal to the 7th. of September
last, and Your Letter to Mr. Verelst dated 10th. Septr. They
are glad to find that the disposition they have made relating to the
Tenure of Lands has had the proper Effect on the People by encouraging
them to proceed in an heartier manner in the Cultivation of their
Lands, which the Trustees have always had so much at heart, and which
is the best Recommendation of them to the Trustees.
The Trustees are sorry to find there is so much Difficulty in
carrying the Rum act into Execution; And as they are determined to make
it Effectual they will speedilly [sic] consider of the best means. At
present they think the right Method will be that which is carried on
at Frederica, Trying Offences [sic] against the Act at Petty Sessions without Juries by the Magistrates as Justices of Peace in a summary way.
The Trustees are pleased to see that so good a Harmony Subsists
between You end Mr. Jones, And have no doubt from Your Temper and
Understanding but it will remain; as it will be very conducive to the
preserving Peace in the Colony, especially at this critical Juncture;
They are pleased with the Resolution which You say appears in the
People, who may depend upon every thing which the Trustees can do for
the Safety of the Province.
The Trustees have given Your Son L 50 for his past
Services, and intend to give You L 25 p Ann. more for a Clerk,
which Your Son will he intitled [sic] to on his going over, which he informs
the Trustees to day will be very soon.
Yr. most Obedient Servant
Mr. Martin to Genl. Oglethorpe
Georgia Office Westmr.
December 5th: 1739.
The Trustees acknowledge the receipt of Your Letter dated 4th.
July last. & are much pleased to find that the Resolutions of Parliament
& the Steps which they have taken, have preserved the Colony
(which is here represented as almost abandoned) and thereby covered all
the trade of the North America from the Spanish Garda Costas, when You
have fixed Your Regulations, relating to the Prices of Provisions &
necessaries, with the Merchants and Suttlers; they desire you will
acquaint them therewith & do the same as often as occasion shall he
found to make alterations therein, For they doubt not but there will be
An Increase of private Stores when the Colony shall be better settled
than it is at present, & consequently Provisions may fall in their
The Trustees are equally sensible with You that there must be a
steady and regular manner of acting in Georgia, which all centers in
Every mans excercizing [sic] faithfully the Powers given, & not exceeding
them, more especially in not exceeding the Estimate sent over, or misapplying the Sums appropriated to each particular Service, which the
Trustees expect their Officers & Commissioners, appointed to make the
Disbursements will be punctual in, as they shall be answerable
for any Neglect or Disobedience, & if any of them be found faulty they
desire to be informed wherein, & to know their Names that a
Course may be taken with them by the Trustees. As You have Charged
the Magistrates with divers Offences [sic] in the third Paragraph of Your
Letter, the Trustees desire You will inform them who they are whether
those of Frederica or Savannah, or of Savannah alone which of them have
been so faulty & whether it is upon Your own certain knowledge, or only
by report of others.
The Trustees are very sorry to Observe that Paragraph in Your
Letter which mentions the Peoples frequently striving to deny any
Authority in You. which they attribute to the factious humour [sic] of
those who would have liberty to sell their Lands, keep Negroes, & indulge
them selves in Rum, which things You having with Vigour [sic] declared
against, in maintenance of the Laws & Constitution of the Province. It
is no wonder, that such Persons should endeavour [sic] to make it believed
You act without proper Authority But they hope that the example of the
Wiser part of them who know you neither can nor would exceed the Power
given you by the Trustees, and are obedient to You in the Execution of
those Powers will he followed, and that none will for the future
be so hardy as to transgress on that head, For in so doing it is not
only You but the whole Body of their Governors they offend against, &
the Trustees will support the Powers that flow from themselves.
The Trustees very much approve of the Magistrates Conduct at Frederica
relating to the trying Offences [sic] against the Rum Act at Petty
Sessions as Justices of Peace, and they will direct the same Rule to
be observed at Savannah: But in all Cases of Property there can he a
Trial in no other manner than by Juries.
The Trustees Sr. are of Opinion that before any thing can he done to
push on Improvements to any great Effect, care should he taking
to encourage the Inhabitants to raise their own Provisions; & the
greatest Encouragement would he to let them have good Land if it is to
he had in the Province; For the Trustees believe the greatest
Encouragement to the Inhabitants of Pennsylvania is that the Province consists of good Land; The Trustees will therefore send their Instructions to their Surveyor upon that head.
The Trustees agree with You that it was of great consequence to
hear what Complaints the Indians might have to make; & to use the
necessary means for the preserving, them in the Interest of Great
Britain They have just received Your Letter dated Septr. last
from Fort Augusta and are very much pleased with Your Recovery
from Your Fever, & with the Success You have met with among the Indians;
you mention dangers to have arisen from the Misunderstandings with the
Carolina Traders, they would be very glad to have as fu11 and
Particular an Account of Your transactions with them as You can, send in
order to Guide them in their future Grants, they desire you will
be so kind as to transmit them by the first Opportunity the Original
Act of the Indians Cession of Lands, reserving in Georgia an Authentick
[sic] Copy of the Act, or if it may he improper to send the original that You will send them an Authentick [sic] Copy of the same
The Trustees Sr. referred Your Accot. of Disbursements made by
Francis Moore to a Committee of Accounts who have examined it and made
a Report thereupon to the Common Council who agreed thereto, and have
ordered me to send You a Copy of the Report which is herewith inclosed.
The Trustees observe Yr. thoughts relating to the Tenure of
Lands in Georgia and do believe that those who made most noise about
their Lands were those who took no care of making use of them, being
discouraged from it for want of some Change in their Tenure, The matter
was long under Consideration, occasioned frequent Meetings employed all the Gentlemen of the Law and had the Approbation of all
the Trustees present, likewise of the Absent who were Consulted by
Your Letter by Mr. Auspourger dated l6th July last the Trustees
have received together with the Silk, and on observing that Paragraph
which mentions the not deciding clearly in the act relating to the
Indians had given Insolence to the Carolina Traders, The Trustees
looked back into their Minutes & Letters to You in August 1738, & have
sent You here with another Copy thereof. But should be glad to know if
You received the first Copy & Letters & if any thing hindered your
proceeding in what they therein so earnestly recommended for the
Preventing such Behaviour [sic] in the Traders with the Indians; they think
it will he very necessary for carrying on the Trust affairs in Georgia
that You would be pleased to acknowledge the Receipt of their Letters
as soon as they come to hand
Yr. Excellencys [sic] Most
BenJ: Martyn Secty.
I have inclosed here with
a Copy of the Trustees Letter to
the Duke of Newcastle for his
Instructions to the Lt: Govr; of
South Carolina relating to the Trade with the
Mr. Verelst to Mr. Stephens
Georgia Office Westmr.
5 Dec. 1739
The Trustees have sent you some Stationary Ware, & were sorry
the last proved bad, they hope this will be better.
Mr. Robt: Williams having attended the Trustees with the Demands
he had on them besides the Certified Accots: for L 587:13:0 a Copy of
which You have already had to Examine under the Commission to Your
Self Mr. Christie & Mr. Jones. They now send You Copies of the other
Accots: he has produced, that they may be examined in the same manner &
reported upon, with respect to the truth of the said Accots: and the
several Articles therein contained. Which Accots: are as follow Viz.
The Ballance [sic] of an Accot. Currant Signed by Mr. Causton
24th: of May 1739 amoting[sic]: to. 80: 7:8 1/2
The Amot. of Robt. Bedfords Accots: for work alledged to
be paid for by Robt: Williams & not before allowed him 6: 1:6
amoting [sic]; to.
L 86: 9:2 1/2
Whereout he Credits the Trust for Goods & Provisions rec'd
of Mr. Jones to the Amot: of 58:15:8
L 27:13:6 1/2
And Claims an Allowance for 12 months inspecting the
Labourers [sic] on the Publick [sic] Roads & advancing their wages before received, & produced s Certificate from Mr. Causton that the said work was under the direction of Mr. Williams of which You have a Copy I am
Yr. Most obedt: Servant
5 Decr: 1739.
Wm:: Stephens Esqr.
My letter to Mr. Verelts
Pall Mall. 10 Dec. 1739
That I may not hereafter be chargeable with the Inconveniences
I think must ensue to the Colony, from the Trustees forhearing to
apply to Parliamt. this year for a further Supply, I with the utmost
Respect to the Gentlemen who differd with me in opinion, take the
liberty allowed me by a By Law of our Charter to send my Dissent from
the Resolution taken at the Board of Common Council 8th. of this Inst.
Dec. 1739. which I desire may he enterd in our Books. The By Law not
allowing me to give my Reasons for dissenting I am obliged to take this
way to make them known.
1. It appears that supposing the General debts of the Colony should prove
no more than the Accomptant beleives [sic] them (whereof he cannot be
certain, the full return not being yet made) There will remain in Cash
for the Service of the year ending Lady day 1741 only . . . 4000. 0.0
and if the Government should repay the 2000 L advanced
by the Trustees for the military Service of the Colony 1500. 0.0 there will be but 1500 L of that money added towards ye
years Service above mentioned.
So that the whole money for the Service of the year Endg.
Lady Day l74l will be but 5500. 0.0
2. That the unsettled Estimate of the years Expence [sic]
of the Colony Endg. Lady day is 5000 L of that money,
So that there will remain for Contingencies. 500. 0.0
But in the Estimate the Contingencies unprovided for
will far exceed 5OO L and that only in three necessary
1st. A Promise made to the Freeholders in their distress
upon Shutting up the Stores, of 2 Shill. P bushell [sic]
for a11 the Corn they should produce the following Season,
which must he kept, or future promises will not he relyed [sic] on.
Supposing at a Low Computation 200 families have one
with another raised 30 Bushells, this will amount to. 600.0.0
There is also a Bounty promised p Bushel on Pease [sic],
but how much I cant recollect.
2 Our Estimate has provided hut for 92 Trust Servts. whereas
tis highly probable the Trust Servts. amount to a far
greater number, all whom we are hound in Conscience & by
Covenant to maintain till the time of their service
expires & if we do not maintain them they must he employd
in day labour on pay, wch. will he a treble expence [sic]. I
know of 320 Trust Servts. sent within these 6 years, &
allowing for deaths and Run aways & Expiration of Service
I suppose there may be 100 more than these provided for
in our Estimate. These at 12.3.4 p Ann. P man come to
P Ann 1271.0.0
The Saw mill which cost many hundred pound is lately
cast down by the overflow of the River, and I Suppose
the new Erecting it in another place, and fencing it
from a like disaster will cost 200.0.0
Contingencies unforeseen 2071.0.0
Towards this there is, as above Supposed to he allowed. 500.0.0
Remains necessary to he obtaind of ye Parliamt. for 1571.0.0
The L 500 set down in the Estimate for Contingencies cannot
be applyed [sic] to these services being appropriated to erecting end
repairing Publick [sic] Buildings, Bridges, raising Banks, Purchase of
Boats when lost or worn out, Occasional Pettyagua [sic] hire from Savannah to
Frederica, Augusta, or Chas. Town, at 4 Guineas hire each time,
Purchase of seed for Trust Lands, Supply of Trust Cattle & hogs. Poultry
&c. Excess of dearness of Provisions which may make it necessary to
encrease [sic] Servants Allowance, Repair of Light House which by Acct.
alone will cost above 100 L The Crane and Still &c,
3. As the Trustees pay all in money and a great part thereof weekly,
they are under a necessity (and accordingly have promised) to send
over years Estimate before hand to the Colony, which is 2500 L.
This Sum must therefore be sent next Jany. at latest that they may
receive it before Lady day 1740 which will reduce the L 5500 Supposed
to be in hand to L 3000, and in June, or at furthest July 1740. the
other half years Estimate must be sent in order to be with them at
Michelmas following which then will leave us but L 500, all which will
be gone in Contingencies. Then, when in Jany. 1740/l we should send
the 1/2 years Estimate for Lady day 1741 the Trustees will be obliged to
advance 2500 on their own Credit, by making out Sola Bills without
knowing what the Parliamt. will give them; or the Colony must break
up, for the money demanded of Parliamt. will not be voted till Feby.
or March, & not paid till June or July. If Gentlemen like the issuing
Sola Bills when tis known they have not Cash in the Bank to answer them,
I shall concur therein and Stand the chance of paying my Part.
4 All the uneasiness against the Colony is that no usefull [sic] Produces
or Returns have yet "been made to the Mother Country in Satisfaction of
all ye money given by Parliamt. This can only be effected by giving
the Inhabitants pecuniary encouragements to begin such works, for they
are not able, tho never so willing or Skillfull [sic] to do it of themselves,
When they went over they had Scarce Cloaths [sic] to their backs. The Trustees found them in every thing; and since being disappointed in their
Labours [sic] by bad Seasons and the Allarms [sic] the Spaniards gave them, they now can Scarce Subsist themselves in food and apparel. Their first business was to build their houses, the next to raise a Support, and now they have made advance therein as by our late letters we are
informed. It is time to render them usefull [sic] to England, and therefore to set them upon Silk, Vine, Cochineal, Indigo, Pitch and Tar &c. I do not mention Trade with the Indians for Hides, because the profit of it falling to private Persons, the Knowledge comes not to the Trustees
untill [sic] the Collectors and other Port Officers are Settled: Without
doubt it is very considerable as that Trade is loaded with duties in
Carolina but with none in Georgia And in this Respect our Province
is already of advantage to her Mother Country.
The Silk of Georgia was by Sr. Thomas lomb pronounces the best in ye
World, and he averd it might profit England Com Anns. 300,000 L.
Indigo wch. is now supplyed [sic] by France I have been told is worth
L 150000 p Ann. The Wine, Cochineal, & other Commodities are doubtless
very considerable Articles, and so are Masts for Shipping, Knee Timber
and Lumber. His Majestys [sic] yards have taken what Masts have been
sent over, and Islands have taken quantitys [sic] of Lumber. But the far
greater & more valuable part of these things will be lost by neglecting
to ask the Parliamt. for a Sum this year, for we shall be neither able
to give or even promise assistance towards them. and I fear postponing
these Publick [sic] Undertaking so long expected by Gr. Britain will more
indispose the Parliamt. to give us a proper assistance next year than
this, and will indispose them every year more and more, the longer tis
delayd, So that I lose hopes of the Colonys [sic] ever being considerable to
England, and fear the minds of Gentlemen will he so alienated from it,
that they will readily concurr [sic] in giving it up, upon a Peace if
insisted on by the Spaniards, to the ruin of all those poor People, who
thro the Confidence they had in the Trustees Wisdom and Protection
Settled there, to the loss of all the Publick [sic] and private money given, and to the disgrace of the Trustees.
And when by our Own Neglect of Asking, money we shall have plunged our
Selves into difficulties how to carry on the Settlement of the Colony,
May it not he asked both by the Ministry and Parliamt. whose fault is
it? who knew your wants so well as your Selves? when did ye ask and
were refused? They who wish us ill will he glad to See us fall by our
Hanging considerd these things, and the duty I am under by oath to do
my best endeavours [sic] for the Colonys [sic] Service and prosperity, I
have Subscribed my dissent to the Resolution taken the day above mentioned
of not applying to the Parliamt. this Session for a further Supply, being persuaded that if the Trustees Views, the Case of the Colony, and the advantages that may arise from it to their Mother Country by the produces
above mentioned, and to South Carolina by its being a
Barrier from the Encroachment of French and Spaniards, were clearly set
forth to the Ministry and Parliamt. they would give Effectual Support
to the Colony as what may one day become more valuable to great
Britain than any other Province in America, and this without interfering in the Commodities they send over. 1500 L for the Contingencies
above mentioned, 2000 L for Encouragements and 2500 L to answer in time
the 1/2 years Estimate of Lady day 1741 in all 60OO L added to the
money our Accompt says we we have in hand, will put the Trustees
in a Condition to answer all purposes: but 4OOO L is absolutely
necessary to be obtained, laying aside the View of Encouraging uaefull
Produces. I am
Your humble servant
11 December 1739 Ld. Egmonts paper for the use of the Trustees
Advantages Georgia is of to England at present.
And may hereafter prove.
Every able and industrious Man Settled in our Plantations cannot be
thought less than double the Profit to England of what he was before he
went over, For his Cloathing [sic] not only costs him more than it did in
England, but the return of Commodities raised by him, and Manufactured
in England, together with ye freight and duties, far exceeds the
expence [sic] of his food before he went, were it otherwise, the Plantations
would not bring a Million of wealth p Ann. to their Mother Country as
it Is said they do, the Islands included. Sir Josiah Child, whose
discourses on trade are in Great Esteem has asserted that one English
Man in America finds Employment for four in England.
So long ago as King Charles the 2ds. Reign, when the Common People
were not grown so expensive as now, Luxery [sic] not being then
introduced among them, and their living being Cheaper from the lowness
of taxes Sir Wm. Petty computed the value of one usefull [sic] man to
the Publick [sic] at L 10 p ann. Consequently if not usefull [sic],
he was L 10 loss to the Publick [sic] by burthening [sic] it with
his Maintenance and Cloathing [sic], for whether that was found him by
the Parish or private friends it Still was a National loss. Now most
of the British sent over were chiefly broken Trades Men, Sad Objects of Compassion, unable to subsist at home and burthensome [sic] to their
friends. In the whole there have been sent upon their Charity 909.
(Exclusive of those who went at their own expence [sic] or on the Charge
of others,) of whom Computation there may remain 800, death and desertion carrying off the rest, if we allow to these but L 10 head, the Nation has gained by being eased of them L 8000 p Ann. which is the Interest of
L 200,000 at L 4 p Ct. or if we count by way of Annuity far their lives
at 12 and 1/2 years Purchase L 100,000 Saved to the Publick [sic].
The settlement of this Province has increased the number of his
Majestys Subjects by 465 foreign persecuted Protestants; Suppose these
reduced by death to 450, and add this number to the 800 Natives of
Great Britain above mentioned: the whole will then be 1250 of present
advantage to England by their Cloathing [sic], Working fools, Implements of
Husbandry, Sheeting, blanketting [sic], Utensils of their Houses &c, The
Cloathing [sic] tools, and lmplemenits of Husbandry alone Is at least 40
Shillings p head which comes to 2500 L Ann. and is all Supplyed [sic] from
England, the Capital of this is 62500 L.
The freight of these European Goods and the Returns they bring
must also be put to Acct. Since the Colony was Established there has
gone 37 Ships from Great Britain
The Trade for Hides with the Indians is Supported by Muskets,
Powder and Ball, blanketting [sic]. Copper or Iron Pots, Knives, Beads Sc,
Supplyed [sic] by England, And is increased by the additional number of
Indian Traders in Georgia, and extention [sic] of the Trade farther up
There have been divers Ship loads of limber carryd from this Province
to the Islands, which Trafick [sic] (as all Trafick [sic] between our
Colonys [sic] and Islands does) centers ultimately in Great Britain.
Nor is it to be past by that South Carolina has been much advantaged
by the Settlement of this Colony, for Since the same She has ventured
to take upland and Cultivate Rice to the value of some thousands of
pounds more than before.
There is in Georgia a great quantity of timber fit for building Ships,
and by report made to the Trustees on one Island alone Sufficient to
build a 1000 Ships: And his Majestys Yards have already taken in 20
tuns of Masts brought over as a Specimen.
So much for the advantage Georgia is of at present to Great
Britain: Now as to what it may be hereafter.
If ever we hope for Silk, Wine, Indigo, and Cochineal of our own
growth, it must be from Georgia the Climate being perfectly adapted
thereto, which that of the more Northern Provinces is not.
For as to Wine the Trustees have received such Accts. and Certificates
of the goodness of the Grapes, their largeness and fullness of Juice
that they cannot doubt but when the Cultivation of Vines becomes more
General, the Wine produced from them will be an exportable Commodity.
As to Indigo tho it was some years ago so followed in Jamaica that as
we are informed that Island not only Supplyed [sic] England but a very
great quantity was sent to foreign Markets, yet the Inhabitants growing
Rich and Sugars being more profitable, the raising Indigo has of late
been neglected in that Island, and it is now Supplyed [sic] us by the
French from Hispaniola, what we receive under the name of Jamaica being generally made by the French.
How much this amounts to the Custom house Books will Shew: I have
been told L 150.000 p Ann. The Cochineal Fly, and the Prickly Pear on
which it feeds have been found in Georgia Since our Southern
Settlement made there in 1735.
And lastly, as to the Silk, it is universally known, that the white
Mulberry Tree thrives in this Province to Perfection, and when the
People shall have leasure [sic], and be numerous enough to follow it to
purpose, it may by Sr. Thomas Lombs Acct. be L 250,000 if not 300,000
L p Ann profit to the Nation, which now is bought in Piedmont and
other parts at a dear Rate. Mr. Gee observes that the King of Sicily
alone receives at least 200,000 L yearly from us for this Commodity, for
which we pay him 20 Shillings p pound; and if what we were told a few
years ago be true, he has prohibited the exportation of raw Silk
and none now comes except by Stealth but what is first Organzined [sic]
by his Subjects: All this is paid for in money, for altho Silver is not
Sent directly to Piedmont as it is to India, it is in fact the same
thing, for the Ballance [sic] of Some other trade is carryed [sic] thither. Here it ought not to he omitted that Sir Thomas Lombe affirmed the Silk of
Georgia not only to he equal in goodness to that of Piedmont, hut to
exceed it in one respect, Vizt. that there is less loss in the
These are evident advantages that may arise to Great Britain
from this Colony, and highly deserve the attention end encouragement
of the Publick [sic], and it is a full persuation [sic] of this that
induces the Trustees to bestow so much pains and thought for accomplishing these valuable purposes: But they are works of time and require some years to bring about. Few know the difficulties and expence [sic] of Settling a New Province but those who have experienced it; Theory does not answer to practice, and let the Plan laid down be ever so wise many unforeseen accidents and disappointments will arise and retard its progress. That Valuable Province Virginia is an instance of this, which broke 3 Sets of Adventurers before it succeeded, and was for 40 years of no profit to England. The first thing necessary for New Settlers is Security and defence [sic], the next to find themselves convenient covering, the third to raise their own Subsistence, and the last to raise Commercial produces.
Other Provinces were Settled by persons who carryed [sic] Substance with
them, and were able on their own Stock or on Credit to make experiments,
and in time bring them to perfection. But those who settled in Georgia
were, as it has been said, most of them miserably poor, and entirely
dependant [sic] on the Publick [sic] for Support: Their Poverty and necessary application to build themselves houses and raise a subsistance [sic]
(in which they were twice interrupted by the Spaniards intention to
dislodge them, and as often dissapointed [sic] of their Crop by bad Seasons)
their Ignorance of Cultivation, being most of them Mechanicks [sic], and of the Soil, of proper Seeds, and the time when parched or rainy Seasons
were to be expected. Sickness and the disorder in Familys[sic] occasioned
by Death were all imediments [sic] to the Setting about usefull [sic] produces for foreign export; Besides the number now Settled went over at different
times Some one year, some another. So that for Some years there were
but few Inhabitants and these produces required many to be concerned
in them to make them a National benefit.
Neither could the Trustees effectually assist them in raising such
produces: the transporting, Feeding, Cloathing [sic], and Supplying such
a number with fire Arms and Tools, together with the Surveying Lands,
making Bridges, cutting Roads, raising Forts, and Furnishing them with
Cannon, Ammunition &c, whilst the Military defence [sic] of the Colony lay on them, the charges of Publick [sic] buildings, of Sloops and Boats bought and kept constantly in pay, the Demurrage of Ships, the Searching harbours [sic], and examining the Coast, the Pay of Rangers, Presents to the Indians, and Charges of Maintaining a Civil Government, necessarily imploying [sic] the money given from time to time by the Parliament.
But now that the greater difficulties are overcome and the People in a
way to Subsist them such Aid and encouragement as may render them
usefull [sic] to their Mother Country and answer her expectations. I do not say repay her the Sums She has advanced, being persuaded She has gained and saved already by this Colony as much as that Comes to: But this can only he expected from the Parliament whose Wisdom will I doubt not when they are apprised of what is here Set forth, encline [sic] them to grant the Supplys [sic] necessary for these purposes.
The advantage this Province is of to his Majestys [sic] American
Dominions is most visible, Spain was so sensible of it, that her
Ambassador here said his Master would risk all his Territories rather
than we should keep our footing there, and one particular Reason he
gave, was that his Master has most of his Masts for Shipping near those
parts; That eagerness to ravish it from us is one reason wby we ought,
to keep and Cherish it.
The discovery of a Harbour[sic] there that has l4 feet entrance at low
water and above 20 at high and where when once entered a great number of
Ships may ride with entire Safety, is of the utmost importance, for
were a Strong Fort built there and two good Ships Stationed, they would
greatly interrupt the Spanish Guarda Costas who ly [sic] in wait for our
homeward bound Merchants from the mouth of the Gulph[sic] of Florida to the N.W. of Membre [sic] Rock on the Bahama Bank; and if it were made a Station
to Supply our Ships which take that Course with fresh Provisions, it
would much contribute to the health of our Seamen, besides being a
Convenient Shelter for Shipping in bad weather, and a Refuge when
chased by an Enemy; Two Ships have already been saved by our pylots [sic].
This Colony has proved, as it was designed, a Barrier to the Neighbouring
Provinces, and South Carolina which foresaw its use, in a Memorial
they sent over, thanked his Majesty for erecting it. It is an awe on
St, Augustine, which if in our hands, his Majesty would then be in Sole
Possession of a Coast near l600 miles In length from South to North;
and It Is an awe also on the Spanish Indians, or rather might prove the
gaining them over to the English Interest, for naturally they hate
ye Spaniards. It is a guard against Runaway Negroes from South
Carolina, for none are Sufferd [sic] to enter the borders of Georgia; and
Since the Settlement of it, a great number of the Chacktaws a powerfull
[sic] Nation of Indians have been reconciled to the Chickesaws a People
dependant [sic] on Great Britain, and detached themselves from the French
Interest, and the Cherokees whom the French laboured [sic] to debauch from us have been confirmed friends, by which means South Carolina is covered from any Mischief the French of Mississippi (who have many forts on the back of her) may intend her, whereas before that Province lived in
To conclude: If Great Britain cannot subsist without Commerce, and the
Balance of trade with several States lye [sic] against her. It is our Interest to raise these Commodities at home which we insert from those Countrys [sic], especially at a time when a Neighbouring [sic] Power leaves nothing undone to extend her trade, and other Kingdoms are taking up Some branches of ours that we have long been In possession of. Pot ashes, Hemp, and Flax raised in Georgia will ease the Ballance [sic] now against us in our trade with Riga and Muscovy, timber. Masts, and deals, on that carryed [sic] on with Norway, Silk on that with Piedmont, Indigo on that with France, Cochineal on that with Spain, and Wine on that with both those Kingdoms. These must be attempted with National Encouragement not in a Sparing way. Such as will not invite Mans industry, but after the manner of the french[sic], who give distinguishing favours [sic] to all who attempt new and usefull improvements in their Plantations, and are at the charge of sending Skillfull [sic] Persons to instruct them.
If proper Bounties were given for importing those valuable Commodities
and encouragement allowed to foreigners Versed in the raising and
preparing them to fix them in the Colony and instruct the People, the
Nation would in some years be satisfied the money was not ill employed
and it would he worth the Publicks [sic] while to send one over to Survey the Woods upon the Continent and Islands of Georgia to teach the
Inhabitants how to cut it to the best advantage for the use of his Majestys [sic] Navy, and to lay it ready in proper places to be loaded in a few days; for they now only burn it to clear their ground, or leave it to rot when felled.
But there must also be present pecuniary encouragemnt. to enable the
Inhabitants to begin such improvements, as I hear was intended by the
Assembly of South Carolina in 1736 who were then upon preparing a Law
for giving L 4 p hundred premium for hemp, 40 Shillings for Flax, and
20 Shillings p pound on Silk to be paid them on the Spot, besides a
Sallary [sic] of 200 L Ann. to a Silk Instructor.
Mr. Gee beleives [sic] it probable that for every L 1000 dispensed by Monsr. Colbert for improving the Trade Manufactures and Plantations of France he lived to see L 100,000 returned for it. But withall justly observed, that as he who plants a Vineyard must be at some charge and care to bring things into good order before he can taste of the Wine, So must all Governments before they can receive profit from any new undertaking.
The Charge of introducing the Woolen Manufacture into France cost
greatly, 'but how well it answerd [sic] in the end, our Nation is fatally made
Sensible. It was the care of a great Prince, and no Improvments [sic] of
such publick [sic] concern can he brought to perfection but by a Steady
Resolution in the Government to Sustain and Support them, for new
Enterprises will, as has been before observed, be Subjects to Accidents
and discouragements too difficult for private Persons to Surmont [sic]
without the assistance of the Publick [sic], 'but with it what may not be done in Climates adapted to the produces aimed at? the greater the Encouragemt. is, the Surer and more Speedy will be the success, and were never so great a Sum allotted to the Silk and Wine, it would only be enriching Great Britain the more by inviting to Georgia numbers of Vaudois and French Protestants who at the same time that they furnished us with those Valuable Articles of Commerce and thereby encreased [sic] our Shipping, would Strengthen the Province against her Neighbours [sic] insults, and encrease [sic] the demand of Cloathing [sic] and all other necessaries from England. Some hundreds of both these usefull [sic] people offerd [sic] to go, but we had not money to send and Settle them. And whereas some may object that whilst the National Debts and a War Sets so heavy upon us, these purposes cannot be pursued, I answer the readiest way to pay our debts is to take such Steps as aparently [sic] must encrease [sic] the Riches of the Nation, And that the necessary Sums for carrying on these Purposes will not be felt by the Nation.
Mr. Verelts to Willm. Stevens Esq.
Georgia Office Westmr.
12 Dec. 1739
The trustees being desirous of making the People easy in every
point which they can consistently with the welfare of the Province, and
of removing every obstacle to their Industry and Cultivation, have taken
into serious Consideration the Complaints made, by some of them, of the
badness of their lands either in part or in the whole. And as they are
willing every man should have a Compleat [sic] 50 Acres Lot of good Land they have determined that an Experienced Surveyor shall be engaged; to take an Acct. as soon as possible of what land has been surveyd for any of the Inhabitants of the Town of Savannah, and the adjacent Villages, and to deliver the Account to you and Mr. Jones, to be attested by you and transmitted to the Trustees: and likewise to take an Acct. how much of the Surveyd [sic] Lots, has been cleared, fenced, and Cultivated by any of the Possessors; and where any neglect appears, he is to set down the reasons alledged [sic] by these for such neglect But this Examination the Trustees think proper should be taken before you end Mr. Jones.
If any of the People alledge [sic]that their Chief Subsistence depends
upon any Manual Trade exercis'd by them in the Town, The Trustees
direct that you should enquire what they have to offer against their
surrendring their 45 Acre Lots, and upon consideration and if they say
that they are desirous to cultivate their Lots, but are discouraged by
the distance at which they lye [sic] from the town, then the Trustees would know what encouragement they stand in need of to Settle upon their 45 Acre Lots.
The Trustees likewise desire to know what Lots are in the hands of Widows and Orphans, how they are managed, and what part of them is Cultivated, and likewise they want an Acct. of what Lots are deserted and by whom.
As you see Sir the intention of the Trustees is to put every man in
possession of a Lot of 50 Acres of good land, by giving so much of what
is good in addition to what shall appear to be bad of which bad land
the Trustees desire to know the Quantity in each lot so as there may he
allotted to each man so much good land as will make up the same equal
to 50 Acre of good land and they also desire to know what good lands
lye [sic] near thereto either in Lots forfeited to the Trust, or reserved for them to grant. They therefore Desire that you and Mr. Jones will find
out a proper Person for a Surveyor for these purposes either in Georgia
or in Carolina, upon the following terms.
For so long as he shall abide in Savannah to be ready to Survey
as he shall he called upon by You and Mr. Jones, he is to he allowed
for himself three shillings a day, and is to have two men to assist him
in the survey when wanted at one Shilling a day each, and Provisions
for each of the hired men. These two will be Sufficient with the help
of the Person for whom the land is to be Survey'd, and who must undoubtedly think it his own Interest to attend and assist in the Survey.
And you are desired to send a particular Acct, of the whole work for
the Trustees Consideration.
As the Trustees beleive [sic] the most proper and Expeditious way of
Clearing, fencing, and Cultivating lands as yet unfenced and uncultivated,
and those to be run out must be by joint labour, they desire you will
enquire whether the People are willing to undertake it in this
manner, which must he for their own Interest; Those who are willing, may
do it under the direction of the Surveyor, and upon proper days appointed
by him, and to avoid uneasiness by preference being given to any, they
think the Order in which it should be determined should be by Ballot.
The Trustees are of Opinion that the best fences to every Plantation
will be Ditches, especially as good Drains may be made into them
from the lands. And on the tops of ye Ditches to plant the Prickly
Pear, or the Royal Palmetto. The Trustees are informed by Mr. Aspourger that there are great numbers of the Prickly Pear, in the Southern part of the Province, and that it is the best fence against any Sort of Cattle as the leaf of it has such sharp thorns upon it, that it's found the Cattle will not offend it. And this tree will be of great use to the Planter, as it is the only one on which the Cochineal fly will feed, which Mr. Aspourger has seen and killed in the Province and found it to be the true one. Every man there must be sensible of the great value of Cochineal, and the advantage it will be of to him.
As the Trustees are impatient to See the People Engaged in earnest about raising such Products, as will be of great and immediate Benefit to themselves, and as it is obvious to Common Sense, and is
confessed by them who have been most engaged in it, that nothing can be
raised so soon as Silk, They hope the People will be no longer blind to
their own Interest, but set themselves heartily to work in planting
their Mulberries and likewise their Vines, For which perhapps [sic] the
following Method (as it is practis'd [sic] in Lombardy) may be the
Round every field in a Plantation, two or three Rows of Mulberry Trees
should be planted at a Small distance from each other, and the Vines
planted so as they may run up the Bodies of the Mulberry trees, and
intermix themselves with their Branches, and the Extremities drawn of
from Tree to Tree to hang in Festoons Between them. Besides the
Festoons, the Vine "branches may "be extended right and left, and
foastend [sic] to a Row of Stakes on each side running parallel to the
trees, which will form a Sort of Penthouse made by the Vine Branches,
and make a Constant Arbour in the Summer, and in the Middle the Corn
may be raised
Yr. most humble Servt.
12 Dec. 1739
Wm. Stephens Esqr.
16 Jany. 1739/40
Proofs of the Importance and Advantages of Georgia
to Great Britain, if duly encouraged
The Climate Is healthy by Breizes [sic] from the sea in the hottest days, and by Quantitys [sic] of Running waters; and lying in the Latitude from 32
Degrees to 30 Degrees 40 Minutes Nothern [sic]latitude produces both
Northern and Southern Vegitables [sic], and thereby with the assistance of
the Soil is capable of raising Profitable Produces for Trade
Capt. Dymond and
Mr. Samuel Augspourger
The Soil Is Pine Barren, Oak and Hickary [sic], or mixt [sic] Land and Swamps in very good Proportions and with the Assistance of the Climate is capable of raiseing [sic] Silk, Wine, Indigo Cotton and Cochineal
Mr. Samuel Augspourger
Lt. Delegall and
Capt. Dymond as to ye
nature of the Soil
Profitable Produces Viz. Silk
Paul Amatis from Piedmont sent to Georgia by the Trustees in his
letter dated 17 Jany. 1734, mentions his Arriving at Savannah in
Georgia from Charles Town the 8th, of Septr. before, with Camuses
family (the present Persons who have the Care of the Silk in Georgia)
and that he had sent all the Silk he had drawn last year of the three
different Qualities. Vizt, Ordinary, Fine, & Superfine, which he
desired should be examined by able and experienced Persons of that
Trade, and should be worked at the Lombes [sic] in Derbyshire to
Organzine it: and hoped the Trustees would take his Interest at heart,
for the English Nation in General ought to consider that it is a
Publick [sic] Good to enable them in time to do without foreign Silks;
and desired the Trustees to remember that all Sexes and Ages might work
at this Business and serve themselves and the Publick [sic].
The said Silk was Organized at Sr. Thomas Limbss [sic] Mills in Darbyshire and Mr. Booth who dyed it and wove it can Speak to the Goodness of it. In another letter dated 6 June 1735 he mentions the Silk undertaking being brought so forward as to great and reasonable hope That in some years Georgia will produce as good if not better Silk than Piedmont and that in vast Quantitys [sic].
In another Letter dated 24 July 1735 he mentions his pleasure of Sir
Thomas Limbes approveing [sic] of the above Silk he sent to England was a
sample, and defied all the Fabricators of Piedmont to produce better
than he was able to do; That silk was one of the greatest Blessings in
trade to be expected from Georgia, and that the World might now see,
that the Interest and Projecting this Affair was not Chymerical [sic], but
built and Supported with the strongest Reasons, and brought to pass and
attended with that success, that may Stop the mouths of all Gainsayers:
And mentions that the Benefit the British Nation in general, and Georgia
in particular, may reap from this Undertaking is obvious to any one who
hath the least Notion of both.
In another Letter dated 12 July 1736 mentions his having received an
Acct. that Sir Thomas Limbe had reduced the silk to Organzine which he
sent, and of its being found in Perfection. That the Grey Superfine
Silk may be Spun in Georgia in its utmost perfection, as soon as
they shall have quantitys [sic] of Coquons [sic], and works erected for that purpose, and Spinsters to supply the necessary labours [sic]. That young Trees, a young Colony, and Ignorant People require some time to perfection; but with assistance hoped in a few years to perfect it.
And Sir Thomas Lomb in Ms Letter to the Trustees dated 31 Jany. 1732
when he was consulted on the Undertaking to produce Raw Silk in Georgia,
mentions that the value and usefullness [sic] of the Undertaking will appear
when its considerd that all the silk Consumed in Great Britain is now of
Foreign growth and Manufacture, which Costs the Nation very great sums
of money yearly to purchase and that the raising that Simply in the
Kings Dominions in America would save Great Britain all that money,
afford Employment for many thousands of People, and greatly encrease
[sic] the trade and Navigation of Great Britain, and be as soon brought to perfection as any Undertaking so Considerable in its Self.
ToShow the Growth and thriving of Mulberry frees and the Manner of
working the Silk in Georgia
See the Letter from Martha Causton dated
16 Jany. 1737.
In November 1739 Another sample of Silk raised by the Italian Family
now in Georgia arrived in England, which was sent by the Order of
General Oglethorpe to the Trustees by Samuel Augspourger, and has been
viewed and valued by
Wine Abraham Delyon a Portuguese Jew bred among the Vineyards in Portugal has cultivated in Georgia Vines he received from Portugal with great Success, which he planted in the Pine Barren Soil
Mr. Stephens Journal to December 1737 and
the Certificates of the Goodness of
And Samuel Augspourger who has tasted them
To show that Georgia is Capable to produce the Same Wines as Spain does
Call Captn. Dymond
Robert Millar the Botanist intended the raising indigo in Georgia from
his Experience therein at Jamaica, but his ill State of health obliging him to return from Jamaica to England without going to Georgia. He
has wrote to a Person to go from Jamaica to produce it in Georgia as he
intended, and sent a Copy of the Paragraph he wrote to remain with the
Captain Dymond and Samuel Augspourger have seen many large pods of
exceeding good Cotton growing in Georgia.
Captain Dymond and Samuel Augspourger have both seen the Cochineal Fly
on the Prickly Pear Tree in the Southern part of Georgia; and doubt
not but by future observation and due care, Numbers may be met with to
propagate that Fly.
The Pine Tree for Masts, and Knee and other Oak Timber for Shipping are
very plenty and fit for the use of the Navy. And to Show that Masts
have been imported from Georgia and received for the Kings use, and
that the timber there is fitt [sic] for building any Rate Ships of War if
properly converted and that in great Quantitys [sic] call
Capt. Waugh, and
Nr. Haydon the
Coasts and Harbours [sic].
The sea Coast of Georgia is as capable and Secure for Navigation as any Coast in the World, and the best Ships in England may Stand into seven or eight fathom water, which at most places is three or four leagues from the Land, and if necessity should require, any Ship may Anchor with all the safety in the World, the Ground being all Clean Sand from one end of the Coast to the other and it has not been known, that any Ship ever was put on Shore on this Coast by Stress of weather, for the Wind seldom or never blows hard upon the Land; And those Ships which have over run on Shoare [sic] there, it has been owing to mistakes only
as to the whole
That upon the Bar at Tybee Sound there is fifteen feet at low water,
and upon the Bar at Jekyll Sound there is Sixteen feet at low water,
and upon both Bars the Water flows Seven feet
That on Jekyll Sound it Self twelve Men of War may Anchor and lye [sic] in Safety and forty Gun Ships go over that Bar; and the River flowing
from that Sound will Contain any number of Ships in good water.
as to the southern part only
That the River Savannah which flows from Tybee Island, will Contain a
great number of Ships in Safety, being so land locked, that they may
ride in smooth water
That Cumberland Sound between the islands of Cumberland and Amelia is
Judged to be Still deeper Water than Jekyll sound And Captain Dymond
Says there is an Harbour [sic] at Amelia which he sounded and found twenty four feet at low water, but night Coming on could not finish his
sounding, but the Spanish Captain of Horse from St. Augustine told him
that a Danish Ship of Sixty Guns had been in that Harbour [sic].
Note The Bar at Charles Town in South Carolina upon the
highest tide has not more than sixteen feet water.
And the Bar at St. Augustine is so Choaked [sic] up by neglect, that nothing
but small Craft can go over it.
Settlements In the Northern Part
Savannah Old Ebenezer
Highgate About 20 Plantations
Thunderbolt round Savannah
Abercorn And a light House
erected on Tybee Island )
Ports in the Northern Part
Lt. Delegall and Samuel Augspourger know them
In the Southern Part
Captain Dempsey and Samuel Augspourger know them
Port St. Simons
Forts in the Southern Part
Lt. Delegall and Saml. Augspourger
St. Simons Fort
Fort St. Andrew
A Fort by way of
Look out at Amelia
a Fort at Darien
Relating to ye Prohibition of
Rum in Georgia
This Prohibition was made at the Request of the Indians which
came to England in the year 1734; and by the last expedition of General
Oglethorpe into the Indian Nations is strongly justified by
reason that the late excessive use thereof among the Indians having
proved mortal to them, they have accounted it Poison sold them by the
traders who dealt with them; and were consulting revenge on that Acct.
See the Preamble to the Act Prohibiting Rum.
And the Copys [sic] of the Depositions of the Indian
traders lately received
Relating to the Prohibition of
the Use of Negroes in Georgia
The Trade in Negroes is Chiefly carried on by the London and Bristoll
[sic] Merchant who Supply those Colonies, who want Negroes for the
Production of Rice, Tobacco, and Sugars which require the Labour of
Negroes to raise such Produces; and the lands whereon they labour, when
Planters have not money to purchase Negroes; becomes a security to the
Merchants who furnish them. But the produces to be expected from
Georgia, require no Negroes to raise them, being such as the Labour of
white men is Sufficient for; and that there is no want of them in
Georgia, and that it would destroy the Colony it Self to have them. . .
See ye Petition from New Inverness in ye
District of Darien 3 Jany. 1738. Letter from
the Inhabitants of Ebenezer 13 March 1738.
Letter from Mr. Bolzius to the Trustees
14 March 1738. and the Depositions of
Lt. Raymond Demere
Mr. Hugh Mackay
Mr. John Cuthbert
and Lt. George Dunbar
To Show that Georgia having no Negroes is a Preservation to Carolina
and that nothing could have prevented a General Insurrection of
the Negroes in Carolina, from the late Encouragement of freedom to them
Proclaimed at St. Augustine; but the Colony of Georgia being without
Negroes, and lying between Carolina and the Spaniards Call
Coll. Lt. Delegall
To Show that Georgia is the Frontier and a Preservation to all his
Majestys [sic] Colonies on that part of the Continent of North America call
Trustees Petition to Parliament Seal'd 26 Jany, 1739/40 and presented
To the Honble. the Commons of Great Britain
in Parliament assembled
The Humble Petition of The Trustees For Establishing the
Colony of Georgia In America
That your Petitioners by the assistance granted in the last
session of Parliament have been enabled not only to defray the
extraordinary Charge which attend the Military defence [sic] of the Colony
during the continual danger and allarms [sic] of a Spanish Invasion, end
before the Arrival of the Regiment, which his Majesty most graciously
sent over for the preservation of that Province, but also to assist
those industrious Inhabitants who had been taken off from their labour,
to prepare for the Common Safety, and deprived of their Crops by the
late general Drought in that part of North America, and to defray the
necessary expences [sic] of Georgia to Lady day next with a Surpluss [sic] towards the further Settling and Improving the said Colony
That tho the Inhabitants are now protected and thereby can with Safety
go on with Cultivation for raising their own Provision, yet your
Petitioners find it requisite to assist those who are Industrious, towards obtaining the other necessaries of life, untill [sic] by their producing materials for the Manufactures of Great Britain they shall receive the Benefits arising by those produces your Petitioners encourage them to raise, which are now bought from Foreigners with ready money.
That the said Surpluss [sic] towards the further Settling and improving the Colony from Lady day next will not be Sufficient to defray the Expence [sic]
of the Support of a Civil Magistracy continuing the Friendship of the
Indians, Encouraging the raising produce and other charges for the
That your Petitioners are enabled by Credible and Sufficient
Wittnesses at present in London to make appear to this Honourable [sic]
House the Convenience & Capaciousness of the Harbours [sic] and Ports in Georgia, the Safety and Navigation along the Coast, the goodness and value
of the Silk already produced there, and not only the likelihood but the
Well grounded Expectations of raising other beneficial produces as soon
as the Honble. House shall please to take into Consideration the utility
of this Province to the trade and Navigation of Great Britain as well
As the Security which it gives to the other Provinces upon the
Continent of America
Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray this Honourable [sic]
House to take the Premises into Consideration, and
Grant them such assistance as they in their great
Wisdom shall think meet
By Order of ye sd. Trustees
Benjamin Martin Secy.
29 Jany, 1739/40
Answer to Queries or objections that may arise in the Committee
of Supply when the Trustees Petition shall be taken into consideration
The Limits of Georgia may be enquired into.
The Charter has exprest [sic] them to be from the Northern Stream of the
Savannah River, all along the Sea coast to the Southward, unto the most
Southern Stream of the Allatahama [sic]; and Westward from the heads of the
said River respectively in direct lines to the South Seas, with the
Islands in the Sea opposite to the Eastern Coast of the Said lands
within 20 leagues of the same: together with all the Soils Havens &c.
It may he asked whether there are not lands belonging to his
Majesty, South of Georgia
From the Southern bounds of Georgia there is a Tract of land Extending
about 50 miles to the River St. Juan or St. Wans [Juan?], which is claimed by Great Britain as part of Carolina, and Mr. Oglethorpe built a Strong Fort there furnished with Several Cannon, and garisoned [sic] by 100 Sometimes 200 men, but not all on pay. Several being Workmen and labourers. Upon the Treaty of Pacification between Mr. Oglethorpe and the Spanish Governor of St. Augustine (which Town is on the other side the River) Mr. Oglethorpe agreed to withdraw his Garison [sic], and neither side were to possess it, untill [sic] the two Courts should Settle the dispute.
It may be said the land is good for nothing.
It is absurd to affirm this of a Country 90 miles from North to South,
and 300 miles from East to West, and the Contrary of this is time.
All the Trustees Accts. say otherwise. It is a mixt Soil, and is
enable of raising Silk, Wine, Cotton, Cochineal, vegetables &c, as
there are Wittnesses [sic] now attending to acquaint the Committee
Lieut. Delagal. Mr. Ausuurger and Cautn. Diamond.
The Town of Savannah is indeed built on the worst Soil, because of the healthyness of the Situation, being a high rising or Bluff, and a Navigable River at the foot of it, but behind it is a good proportion of better land,
and also Swamp or Marsh ground which by draining or banking in becomes the
best land of any. At Some distance the land is as good as in Carolina, and
so confest [sic] by Gentlemen of that Province who came to view it. The
best tase of barren land is to build thereon, Townsmen supporting
themselves by trade and Commerce, and the better Sort of land should be
applyed [sic] to Cultivation. The Islands are the best land, and that calld St. Simonds where the Chief Town of the Southern Division of the
Province is erected is esteemed as good & rich as the land of Rhode Island.
But all land is on a level when the Possessors will not Cultivate, and
the evil report brought on the Soil of this Colony has proceeded from
Idle men who when the Trustees would no longer feed them, fled the
Colony, and where ever they went abused the land to excuse their
laziness, and thus have imposed on the Ignorance of many here. A few
others who set themselves to work, not find their first years labour
answer the utmost extent of their expectation, had not patience to go
on, and so left their Settlements. But as to fruitfullness of the land
with respect to vines and Mulberry Trees, (which grow Spontaneously)
and that it produces Potatoes, Cowcumbers [sic], Melons, all kind of Garden
Stuff known in England, and is Capable of Flax and hemp (which
requires the richest ground) not only the Trustees letters but those
wrote by private Persons to their Correspondents here Sufficiently
shew it. Joseph Cannons letter to Joseph Flitchcroft 8 Nov. 1736.
and Francis Piercys [sic] letter to Mr. Forester 1 June 1736.
The Females are not allowed to Inherit, nor men to Sell.
At first it was necessary to tye[sic] the Proprietors to Strict Conditions that they might not depart the Colony after the Publick [sic] charge of sending them. But now the Females do Inherit, and the men may bequeath their land by will. The only thing they are debard from is Selling their property without the Trustees leave, which is necessary to prevent their cheating the Purchassers [sic] and making the lands of Georgia an Exchange Bubble. It is necessary also in order to discourage their running in debt by obtaining too large Credit on the Expectation their Creditors might have to repay themselves out of the Sale of the land, whereby the wives and Children of such venders would be undone.
The Province will come to nothing for want of Negroe [sic] Servants who are Cheaper than white men.
It would certainly come to nothing if Negroes were allowed, for being
a Frontier and part of it within 50 miles of the Spaniards, they would
rise and Cut their Masters throats, Especially since the King of
Spains Edict to his Governours [sic] to Protect and make free all Negroes
that fly to them. This has occasiond several risings in South Carolina, and by the latest Accts. they killed 34 white men in that Province.
His Majesty therefore most humanely and wisely past a law
against the Introduction of Negroes in Georgia, and upon an application of some to rescind that Law, the best part of the Province Petitioned against it, and gave unanswerable Reasons for maintaining the
law. And the Trustees have affidavits that white men (tho in the most
Southern part of the Province) can work without prejudice all the usxial
hours of labour in the hottest Summer day.
It is objected that the Law prohibiting the use of Rum in Georgia,
prevents the traders from furnishing the Indians with it, and may drive
them to repair to the French of Mississippi for it.
The Indians (the English trade with) are Enemys [sic] to the French who are
endeavouring [sic] to extripate [sic] them, that they may afterwards unite all their force and be in a Capacity to disturb Carolina and Georgia; for their nearest Fort (lately repaired and well garisoned [sic] is but 27 days march from Charles town It was at the Indians desire that An Act was passed for Prohibiting the Entrance of Rum into Georgia, that the Traders might not carry it to their Nations, for they alledged [sic] it made their young men mad, and occasioned frequent quarrels with the English.
Besides the Trustees found the mischief it did the Inhabitants of Georgia, who died fast untill [sic] the Act took place. Nevertheless, the Province of Carolina Supplys [sic] the Indians with Rum, only they are not Sufferd so to do within the Province of Georgia, but who take out licenses from thence, and give Security that they will obey the Prudent Rules contained within the Act above mentioned.
It may be said of the first Silk sent from Georgia that it was the
growth of Carolina.
It was so and could not be otherwise the Colony being newly Settled and
the white Mulberry tree not then grown up: but it was wholly
managed by the Piedmontese Sent for by the Trustees, and Spun in
Georgia, and it was offerd [sic] only as a proof of what might be expected
from this Province when better peopled and due encouragement. The
Silk sent over this year is Georgia Silk and valued at 20 Shillings p pound by the most Considerable dealer in Raw Silk in
It may be said the Colony is in a worse Condition than Some years past,
And that this demonstrates the Colony will come to nothing.
It is not worse, but in a better condition than ever, by being freed of
most of the Idle people, whose example was not only infectious, but
whose neglect of Cultivation was truely [sic] prejudicial to the rest, by
exposing the Neighbouring [sic] Lotts to Vermine[sic] and the breaking in of
Cattle by not clearing and fencing their own. It may happen that some
who went over with mistaken notions of Suddenly growing rich have found
it worse than they expected, and therefore have left it. Several such
joined the Colony from Carolina and some from Scotland and England,
There are or were others whose imprudence and Luxury impaired their
little Fortunes, and being now reduced Complain the Colony is in a
worse Condition because they are so. One Club of these as the
Magistrates informed the Trustees Spent 15 or l6 L of a night. Others who
began to Cultivate, and did not find the produce answer the first year
to the utmost extent of their wishes, forbore further Cultivation, and
idled away their time in Savannah till their purses were exhausted.
All these lay their Negligence and folly to the charge of the land, and
no doubt have made that the Excuse of their present reduced Circum-
stances, to their Correspondents in England: But that the industrious
may Subsist there on their own labour, There is no doubt. There are
at this time as many Inhabitants (exclusive of the Regiment) as the
Trustees ever sent on ye Poor & Charitable Acct. & encouragement for
raising usefull [sic] produces will bring more. Reports from those who have left the Colony for debt, disgust extravagance or disappointment, or
from those who are Enemies to it, or from Spanish Emisaries [sic], and a
general cry taken by Persons who know nothing of that Colony, but
by heresay [sic] from others, ought to have no weight against more Authentick [sic] Accounts Sent by the Trustees Officers, or wrote without design by private Inhabitants to their Friends.
In a word it is to be hoped that a Frontier Province will never be
thought to be in so bad a Condition as not to be worth the Publick [sic]
Support, when tis in the legislatures power to equal it to any of the
Mr. Thomas Stephens His comparison between the profit of the
labour of Negroes compared with that of White Men
An Acct, of 4 years by White Men
Debtr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ten white Servants
First Year, To the first cost of 10 White Servants . at 8.0.0. 80.0.0
To 5 flock beds 5 Ruggs [sic] & 5 Blankets. 4.5-0
4 pd. of beef or Pork p week each, is 2080
pds. in the whole, at l/1/2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13. 0.0
1 peck of Indians Corn, Pease or Potatoes in
proportion, p week is 130 bushels
at 1/6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.15.0.
1 Pint of Molossus [sic] each p week is 65
gallons at 1/6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.17.6
To Cloathing [sic]
3 Osnabrugg Shirts each at 2/6. . . . . . . . 3.15.0
2 Payr of Trowsers[sic] at 2/6. . . . . . . . 2.10.0
3 Payr of Shoes at 4/. . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 0.0
10 Payr of Indian Boots at 3/5 . . . . . . . . 1.10.0
10 hatts . . . . . . . . . 2/6 . . . . . . . . 1. 5.0
10 Wollen caps . . . . . . 1/ . . . . . . . . 10.0
10 Handkerchiefs . . . . . 1/ . . . . . . . . 10.0
10 knives Spoons & buckles . . . . . . . . . . 10.0
To Medicines &c in time of Sickness. . . . 20. 0.0
Brought forward . .148. 7.6
To the 2d. years Expenses deducting the first cost & bedding . 64. 2.6
To Do. the 3d. year. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64. 2.6
To Interest for 64.14.0 Standing out on the ballance
of this Acct. more than the Negroes. . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 9.1
To the 4th. years Expences [sic]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64. 2.6
To Interest as before . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.18.0
Their Produce in that time
First/ year. By 8 months work clearing, fencing.
Planting, and houghing [sic] 1 1/2 Acre each,
makes 15 Acres to produce as follows:
14 Acres of Indian corn at 10 Bushels
an acre, comes to l40 bushels,
at 1/6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.10.0
4 Bushels of pease on an Acre
planted among the corn . . at 1/6. . . . . . . . . 4. 4.0
1 Acre potatoes, 100 bushels at
1 Shill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.0.0
By 2 months Sawing & Splitting Staves,
heading &c, A payr of Sawyers to cut
100 feet p week of boards or Scantlings
in proportion; or Split 6 or 700 Staves,
heading &c. The First at 3/ p C. The
latter at 35/ p m upon a moderate com-
putation, the 10 cannot earn in the 2
months above. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30. 0.0
By 2 Months lost by Sickness A other
Accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
By the 2d. year as the first. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49.14.0
By 5 Acres of new land. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.11.4
By the 3d. year as the2d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56. 5.4
By 5 Acres of new land. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.11.4
By the 4th. year as the 3d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.16.8
By 5 acres of new land. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.11.4
By Ballance expended more than ye produce . . . . . . . . 119.18.1
An Acct. of 4 years Expence [sic] by Negroes
First year, (To the first cost of 10 Negroes at 20. 0.0 200. 0.0
1 peck of Indian Corn p week to each, is
130 bushels at 1/6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.15.0
4 bushels of Salt at 1/6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.0
Pease, Potatoes, or other things for
Refreshments allowing them some
times a little flesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.0.0
To Cloathing [sic]
1 Negro Cloth jacket & Trowsers [sic] each
at 8/6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 5.0
1 Cap at 1 Shilling.. 10.0
1 payr of Shoes at 2/6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 5.0
Blankets at 9 Shill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.10.0
To Expences [sic] on Acct. of Sickness 20 Shill. . . 10. 0.0
To Interest for 63.16.6 advanc'd on this
Acct. more than the Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.7.8
To the 2d. years expences [sic] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36.16.0
To Interest as before. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.4
To the 3d. & 4th. years expences [sic] . . . . . . . . . . . . 73.12.0
To Ballance [sic] gain'd at the End of 4 years 28.14.0
Their Produce in that time
By 8 months work in clearing, Fencing,
Planting and houghing [sic] 2 acres each,
makes 20 Acres, to produce as follows:
18 Acres of Corn at 12 bushells [sic] on an
acre makes 2l6 bushells [sic], at 1/6 . . . . . 16.4.0
Among the corn 6 bushells [sic] of pease on
an acre is 108 at 1/6. . . .. . . . . . . . . . 8.2.0
2 Acres of potatoes at 100 bushells [sic] on
an acre is 200, at 1 Shill. . . . . . . . . . . 10.0.0
By 3 months Sawing & Splitting Staves
heading &c a pair of Sawyers to cut 500
feet p week of boards or Scantlings in
proportion or Split 8 or 900 Staves
heading &c. The first at 3 p C. The
latter at 35/ p m.; Upon a moderate com-
putation the 10 may earn in the 3 months. . . . . 40.0.0
By One month loss by Sickness or other
Accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
By the 2d. Year as the first. . . . . . . . . . . 74.6.0
By 10 acres more cleard . . . . . . . . . 17.3.0
By the 3d. year as the 2d. . . . . . . . . 91.9.0
By 10 acres more cleard. . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.3.1
By the 4th. year as the 3d. & 10 acres more. . . 108.12.1
Acct. of Four more years expence [sic] of White Servants
To the Ballance[sic] of last Acct. . . . . . . . 119.18.1
To the first cost of 10 new Servants at 8 L . . . 80. 0.0
To bedding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 5.0
To Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . 27.12.6
To Cloathing [sic] . . . . . . . . . . 16.10.0
To Medicines . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. 0.0
To Provisions, Cloathing [sic], Medicines &c
the 2d. 3d & 4 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192. 7.6
Their produce in that time
By 8 Months plantation work, viz.
Planting, & houghing [sic] 15 acres of the land
already cleard; the first cultivated 15
Being worn out & laid aside for pasture. l9.l4.0
5 Acres of new land.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.11.4
By 2 months Sawing &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . 30. 0.0
By 2 months loss by Sickness &c . . . . . . . . . . . .
By the other
3 Years, allowing 5 acres a year to be
laid up and 5 of new land to be clear'd
will be 20 Acres a year at the rate before
mention'd; which with 30 L p ann 2. allow'd
for Sawing will make. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168.16.0
By Ballance [sic] expended more than the
produce in 8 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235.11.9
The Reason wby the Plantation does not come to So many acres at the end
of these 4 years as before, is because tis to be Supposed as your Farm
now consists of 50 Acres, Some time would be taken up in Repairs; as
mending of Fences and other necessary works unforeseen: However allow-
ing them to be able to do a Small matter more, it can make no differ-
ence in this Estimate compared with the other, the Same being allow'd
An. Acct. of 4 More Years expence [sic] of Negroes
to Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15. 1.0
to Cloathing [sic] . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.15.0
to Expences [sic] on Acct. of Sickness . .. . 10. 0.0
To the other 3 years essences as the first. . . . . . . . . . . 110. 8.0
To Ballance [sic] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515.18.0
Gaind by Negroes at the End of 8 years 515.18.0
Lost by white Men in that time 235.11.9
Their Produce in that time
Ballance [sic] of the last Acct. . . . . . . . 28.14.0
By 10 Negroes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200. 0.0
Planting At houghing [sic] 30 Acres of the land
already cleared, the first 20 that were
cultivated being worn out & laid aside
for pasture.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51. 9.0
By 10 acres more cleared. . . . . . . . . . . . . 17. 3.O
By 3 months Sawing &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40. 0.0
By 1 months loss by Sickness &c. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
the Other 3 years work, allowing 10
Acres a year to be laid up, and 10 of
new land to be cleard will be 40 acres a
year at the rate before mention'd, wch.
with 40 L p ann allow'd for Sawing will
make. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .325.16.0
Mr. Stevens observations on his Acct. of the difference between the
Expence [sic] and gain of 10 white Servants, and of 10 Negroes.
It appears that a Man at the End of 8 years, who plants with white men
is 751.9.9 worse, than he would be were he to use Negroes; and Such
at present is the difference in planting on the North and South Sides
of the River Savannah. Nor is there an end of his loss here, For the
next thing a Planter in Georgia does, is to lay out 84.5.0 for a new
Set of Servants, & So go on, losing without any hopes of ever retrieving
his affairs; For the 30 acres Supposed to be cleared at the End of
the first 4 years, is as much as the 10 white men can hough [sic] in the
Summer, Supposing the land not to be worn out in 4 years (as tis Said
to be) because their Strength fails them when most tis wanted, & their
Crops Seldom come to So much as in the Estimate, for want of the
grounds being kept clean in the Summer. But it having been Said, &
Seems to be thought, that during the time of the heats, a man might do
a good days work in the cool of the morning and Evening, It must be
observed, that notwithstanding it dos not Scorch So much at those times,
yet tis So hot and Sultry, that a white Man has not Spirits to do much
work. Why is it Said among the labouring [sic] people in England, where the
mornings & Evenings are generally cool in Summer, that a man may do as
good a days work at Candlemass as at any time of the year, but for the
heats in Summer, which are not to be compared with those in Georgia.
For tho the Clymate [sic] is good, & the Country in general healthy: and
those who use a moderate exercise at proper times enjoy the best Share
of health: Yet if a Man has no bowells [sic] for his fellow Creature, but
drives him beyond his Strength, if he dos not lose his Servants
altogether and consequently his labour altogether, he runs the risk of
it, and at least will find himself So far mistaken, that what he would
have added to his crop by Such Severe Usage, is in the Apothecaries
bill: For the poor Servant would hardly escape a fit of Sickness.
It may be Said that his keeping is not good enough: People in general
keep their Servants better than allow'd in the Estimate; But where has
a master So much work done, which adds much to his loss.
It may be ask'd, how a Negroe [sic] can do So much more work who lives not
So well? 3?o which it can only be Said for answer, that tis owing to
a difference in their natures and the Climates they came from. A
Negro has ever been used to hot weather, and possibly always enured [sic] to
hardships, which makes them patient of hunger, and the want of Some
things which would be insupportable to white Men who have been used to
a colder Climate, and Such other things as from a habit become necessary;
and So it is that whilst white Servants walk about a plantation
looking like Ghosts with Sickness occasion'd by the Heats, Negroes are
in best Spirits: So that what kills one is the life of the other.
It might be Said that your Negroes might die, by which you are Subject
to great loss, which indeed cant be answer'd by Saying, So will white
Men, because the Sooner they die the more money is Saved; However it
may Suffice that allowing a loss of 2 Negroes within the first 4 years,
those remaining will be worth 4 or 5 a head more than the first cost.
This Estimate may not be done with that accuracy, but there may be
Some trifling mistake in Some particular things: Yet in the whole,
the impracticability of planting the Colony of Georgia with white men
only, will not admit of a dispute: And tho another might not employ
his Servants or Slaves the Same way, yet it must end in much the Same
thing. Indeed twere not advisable that the people of Georgia Should
go upon Rice, there being So much done that way by their Neighbours [sic];
But being put into a way of raising their provisions, there might be
Such measures taken as would make them push for wine, Silk, Indigo,
&c.to the utmost, and that without much expence [sic] to the Publick
[sic]; means might be used likewise to keep them to constant cultivation,
by being made Subject to a penalty for any default on the one hand: If
on the other a certain Premium were allow'd for all Such comodities
[sic] raised, as the Country is Said would produce for Exportation.
The Nature of the Climate & Soyl. [sic], the Situation and Harbours
[sic] are all So well known to be good, that people might live
comfortably & Soon too, were they to use the means of clearing
their Lands, and plant them with proper Things; But not if they
Strive against Nature, and if they are allow'd no Straw no Brick can
In Short, with Some Allowance under proper Regulations, it is not
doubted but the place would be imediatly [sic] able to raise its own
provisions without any expence [sic] to the Publick [sic] hereafter,
and before many years are at an End, make Some returns for the
Imense [sic] Sums already laid out on it to So little purpose.
Given by Mr. Tho. Stephens to the Trustees 5 March 1739/40 but
privatly [sic] given a month before to Some Members of the House of
Comons [sic] to inflame them agst. ye Trustees.
Observations on the present State of Georgia.
The languishing Condition of the Colony is owing not only to
mistaken Notions and precepitate [sic] Actions of the first Settlers, but
for want of a Right Intelligence the Trustees adhereing [sic] to [sic] long
to their first Opinions and indeed persevering in wrong which is Evident,
Taking -up lands to he held in Tale Male only, and the Grants
filld with Conditions and Provisoes [sic] impossible to he complyed [sic]
with, where by most of the Lands hitherto granted, are already forfeited,
was rashness in the People.
Complaint having been made of the Tenures they are alterd [sic], but
not entirely, for after a long Storry [sic] they are observed to end much the
Same with the former Vizt. That in a Course of years the Lands will
in all probability revert to the Trust.
Clearing Lands with white men to any Advantage was soon found to
he impracticable, and now tis universally known by Experience.
A Return for the money laid out in the Colony was too early
looked for, which was the Cause of Silk, Wine &c; being so earnestly
recommended to the Planters and the advantages of them the subject of
discourse whilst the Unum Necessarium was overlooked, and before an
Experiment had been made of Cultivatings [sic] Lands in America with
Europeans, So that the People were to get Estates, before twas known
whether they could subsist.
The best Lands have been reserved, whilst the Lot of too many
have fallen on Poor lands, or what lyes [sic] under water. What end
this can Answer I know not, unless twas done with a design to keep People
Low and under a Necessity of Constantly working hard for their Bread,
least by Living more at their Ease they might employ their time in
mischievous Contrivances against the Government; if so, the
nature of clearing Lands there, was not understood. For with all the
Advantages that can he thought of, in a Colony so young. Cultivation
will take up all a Mans time on the best soil, to work it to profit, or
if the Colony were Settled with Industrious People, and a Good Government
Established, and put into the Hands of honest men, there would be
no Room for any such fears.
It being proposed to be an Assylum [sic] for unfortunate Men, many
unhappy ones have gone thither to the great expence [sic]of the Trust; but
there being always too many among that Sort of People that bring their
troubles on themselves, by Idleness or Debaucherys [sic] they bring a
habit of it with them, which change of Climate will not remove, nor will
it alter the Nature of a vagrant Fellow that flies thither for Refuge
only for a while.
If it was intended as a Retreat for unfortunate men, the present
Establishment does not answer the End of that neither, for, instead of
being enabled to retrieve their affairs in time industry, they are
left to work under insuperable difficultys [sic] and earn their Bread
by the Sweat of their Brow with a Witness; which is fixing on them a
Badge of their Poverty and what few could forgoe [sic] were they Sure
to gain a Subsistence by their Labour a Recompence [sic] no one ever
One thing is particularly worth Remark; That, whereas the
Two Provinces of South Carolina and Georgia are only parted by a River
and being of the Same Climate and Soil tis to be Supposed, that whatever
one produces might be had in the other, and therefore tis presumed that
whatever Commodities are raised in Georgia and how valuable Soever they
are, yet so long as in Carolina they Work with Negroes (which the
others are debarrd the use of) So long will they be able to undersell
them by so much as a Negro is maintained Cheaper than a white Servant,
and by so much as the Negro is able to work more, and consequently the
Produces of the Country will not answer the Expence [sic].
The use of so many settlements at so great a distance from each
other in a Colony so young, does not appear; Those so Extensive
Territorys [sic] Seem to have more shew in them than real Worth, as
does the Forts and Garrisons: for by the Peoples being so divided, they have been Sickly, Weak, and poor, Their Sickness was owing in some measure to
want of Strength to clear the Country round them and till and purify
the Land, which would give them the Benefit of a Free open and healthy
Air which in some places has been wanted: Being but few in a Place
they were unable to defend themselves in Case of an Assault, which they
might have done had not the People been so dispersed; without the
Assistance of mercenary troops. Being at a great distance from a
Market, they would have been at a loss for Traffick [sic], either
to dispose of their Commodities, or buy Necessarys[sic]; had their labours [sic] been bless'd with a Surpluss [sic] of Provisions, to enable them thereto.
Tis to be doubted if the Forts and Garrisons are Such as
would have answer'd their Design, had there ever been an Invasion.
No one has ever found the more favour [sic] for his endeavours [sic] to
promote Cultivation; nor have Virtue and Industry had any Countenance
from the Agents in Georgia but the Contrary.
A Sect call'd Methodists contribute some what to the present
distractions there; and the Inhabitants are many of them very uneasy,
both at the Ministers making Innovations in the Church and to See their
Children brought up Methodists against the Inclination of the Parent,
in a Part of the World, where they cant help themselves, to either
Minister or Schoolmaster. Nor has there ever been a Church built, tho
People say there are Benefactions for that purpose.
The Trading People have met with great discouragements, and for
want of Such to Settle among us the Country is kept always drained of
its money by transient People; and so far are we from having any Sort
of Commodities that are the product of the Country for exportation,
that the Indian trade so much talked of has profited nothing hitherto,
nor will it till there are those, who are able to furnish the Indians
with Goods, and one appointed to regulate that Trade.
But what has hastend the distruction [sic] of the Colony and compleated
[sic] the misery of the People, is the Behaviour [sic] of the men in Power
there, for as too many Good for Nothing were sent over there to Settle;
So Magistrates and Officers Whose Equals are Scarce to be found,
have governd, & Such enormities without Some censure are Seldom heard
of. Mean fellows in Such authority, cannot always withstand Temptations to injure their Country, and power intoxicated them. An instance
of a beggers [sic] riding on horseback to the Devil might be found Where
British Subjects have lived under an arbitrary Govermt. Supported by
the Supplys granted by Parliament for their Subsistance [sic], which
instead of paying the just debts contracted by the Publick [sic], encouraging
Improvements, or relieving the distrest [sic], have been made use of to
reward and punish and uphold the grandeur of particular persons; much
has been Squanderd in projects and Trifles, and 'tis a question if the
vast Sums expended will ever be accounted for by thousands. These Men
in power, instead of comforting any in their adversity, add to their
calamities by Acts of Violence, and making discord among the people.
Whilst these things are in agitation abroad, the Trustees at
home can act only according to the Intelligence they receive, which is
often bad, as may be Seen by Some of their resolutions, and Estimates
of Expences [sic]. When complaints of grievances have been made, they have
been baffled, and all good purposes defeated, So that people Sit down
now without hope of redress. At the best, a person complaining or
petitioning, cant expect an answer under a twelvemonth, and if any
delay Should happen, it might be his undoing.
It is evident the Evils here enumerated must keep the place low,
and I cannot think it the way to people the Colony: For if Men had
riches, they might possibly invite them to Stay, and put up with Some
Inconveniences in the Goverment: But if he has neither wealth or
peace, nor a prospect of either, he will try to mend himself else
where, when he is Sure of nothing worse by the exchange, if he is in
There are other Inconveniencies [sic] and disadvantages wch. the Colony
labours [sic] under, besides those above mentiond, which if fully
enquired into, might yet be rectifyed [sic], & affairs put under Such
Regulations, as might encourage the people to go on with Improvements
without any expence [sic] to the publick [sic], and Soon bring the Colony to a
capacity of maintaining it Self, and making a return for the immense
Sums laid out on it.
The Accompts. observations on his general abstract of the Trustees
For the Anniversary Meeting of the Trustees
for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in
America to be held the 20th of March 1739-40
After reading the General Abstract
Please to Observe
That the Sum of L 86.6.11 1/2 recd, in America is the
produce in Sterling of L 638.19.7 1/2 Current money of South Carolina
reduced at 64d p Cent advance on Sterling being the balance of L 8,000
like Current money granted by the General Assembly of South Carolina
the 9th, of June 1733 for the use of the Colony of Georgia, and payable
out of the Duty of Three pence a Gallon on Rum.
The whole amount of Sola Bills sent to Georgia to be issued there for
the service of the Colony instead of drawing Bills is L 1256O whereof
there has been returned and paid and accepted for Payment L 10,040
whereof L 44 are part of the first L 4000 sent in the year 1735
Messrs. Desmeth and Heathcote having separated Partnership,
and the sum of L 20 being the Balance remaining in their hands for the
payment of the Trustees Sola Bills, the same is paid over by Mr.
Sheriff Heathcote into the hands of Sr. Joseph Hankey and Company
Bakers who have agreed for the future to pay the Trustees Sola Bills;
And that sum together with L 2500 in the Bank of England is
appropriated to answer the out standing Sola Bills which amount to
L 2520, and provide for the Estimated Expences [sic] in Georgia to Midsummer 1740. The Balance in the Bank the 19th. instant is L 9875.12.10 whereout
deduct the 2500 L appropriated for Sola Bills, the remainder is
The Balance to he applied by the General abstract is L 7,4l4.10.9 1/2
whereof in the Bank as above I 7375.12.10. and in the Accomptants [sic]
hands L 38.17.11 1/2.
which Balance of L 7,4126.96.36.199/2 is to be applied as follows, Vizt.
For Establishing the Colony (including the payment of the remainder of
the certified Accounts and Reported Debts when the Commissioners shall
transmit the Same; and for want of which no certain Sum can be now
Specified) L 7,180.3.1 1/4 For particular Persons L 6.2.6. For
Building Churches L 174.15.0 (besides the L 166.5.7 appropriated by the
Trustees out of the said L 7180.3.1 1/4) and for the Missionaries
L 53.10.2 1/2.
On the 23d. of May last the Reverend Mr. Whitfield returned to the
Trustees the Commission granted to him the 27th. of December 1738
Underwrote by himself in the following manner That the said Commission
not being for the Purposes for which he had applied, he never made use
thereof. But he having collected money for an Orphan house in
Georgia desired a Grant of 500 Acres of Land in Georgia in Trust for
the use of the said Orphan house, in which Grant he has Covenanted to
lay out the said money in the Cultivation of the said Land for that use;
and has declined the Acceptance of any Sallary [sic] as Minister at Savannah,
or for the management of the Orphan house in Georgia.
Mr. Whitfield by his said Covenant being to return to Georgia, and on
that occasion being to Officiate as Minister at Savannah, The Trustees
appointed the Revd. Mr. William Norris to be Missionary at Frederica to
remove thither on Mr. Whitfields arrival at Savannah; and they
applying to the Incorporated Society for propagating the Gospel in
Foreign parts for an allowance of 50 L a year for the said Mr.
Norris, untill [sic] they should be enabled to raise a Sufficient
Maintenance for him out of the lands now Cultivating in Georgia for
the Religious Uses of the Colony; the said Society on the 17th. of
August last agreed to allow the same for three years from Michaelmas
1739 unless the Trustees could sooner provide for him. The Trustees
receiving a Representation from the People of Savannah dated 9th. of
December 1738 for altering the Tenure of the lands and introducing
Negroes into Georgia. Gave a full answer thereto under the Corporation
seal the 27th. of June last, and sent several printed Copies thereof to
Georgia; which has had a very good Effect. And the Common Council
having on 28th. of August last agreed to extend the Tenures of land in
Georgia pursuant to the Resolutions at the last Anniversary Meeting
held the 15th. of March 1738, which Resolutions were made before the
Receipt of the said Representation. The Seal of the Corporation was
affixed to the Resolutions of the said Common Council, and printed
Copies thereof sent to Georgia.
The Lands granted since the last Anniversary meeting are Vizt.
In Trust In particular Grants
To the Reverend Mr. George Whitfield
in Trust for the use of an Orphan House
to be erected and Maintained for the 500
receiving such Children as now are,
and hereafter shall be left Orphans
in the Colony of Georgia
To Kennedy Obrien Esqr. at Augusta
in Georgia 500
In Trust In particular Grants
To ye Revd. Mr. John Macleod Missionary
at Darien in New Inverness in Georgia,
in trust to be cultivated for the use 300
of the said Mission
The number of the Persons sent upon the
Charity are. Vizt.
Persons. Foreigners. British
In the 1st. year to ye 9th. of June 1733 152 11 141
In the 2d. year to ye 9th. of June 1734 341 104 237
In the 3d. year to ye of June 1735 81 58 23
In the 4th. year to ye 9th. of June 1736 470 129. 341
In the 5th. year to ye 9th. of June 1737 32 32
In the 6th. year to the 9th. of June 1738 298 163 135
In the 7th. year to the 9th. of June 1739. 9 7 2
1,383. 472. 911
By the Two Brothers Capt. Thomson. 54. 51. 3
1,437. 523. 914
Whereof Males 914 and Females 523.
The number of persons gone at their own
Expence [sic] are 260 persons
Do. sent on the Charity 1437 persons
Total. 1697 Persons
Besides the Wives and Children of those who went at their own expense [sic],
And the several persons who have joined the Colony and Settled there
from Carolina and other Parts.
Abstract of the Trustees Acct. of Receipts and disbursements from 9 June
1739 to 19 March 1739/40
The General Abstract, of the Accompt of the Trustees
from the 9th. day of June 1739 to the 19th. day
Anniversary Meeting on Thursday the 20th. of March
Depending on several persons in America the 9th. of June 1739
7047 10 8 1/2
7047 10 8 1/2
Moneys remaining in the bank of England the 9th of June 1739
To answer Sola
Bills of Exchange
Sent to Georgia
and issuable there,
For the Service
of the Colony
1534 - -
Balance to be Applied
485 7 8
6 2 6
69 11 2 1/4
89 9 4-3/4
in America reduced
and taken from
the Accounts there
of which came
to England since
the 9th, of June
86 6 11 1/2
86 6 11 1/2
the 9th. of
20,006 1 -
20,006 1 -
28559 6 4
76 2 6
574 15 -
69 11 2 1/4
40 - -
282 9 4 3/4
29492 4 5
The Several Purposes For which Monies
For Establishing the Colony
For the Following
The Building of Churches
The Use of the of Minister to the Scots
Settlement in Georgia
And for the Religious Uses of the Colony in
general. Such as the buying of Books, the
Cultivating Lands to raise a provision for
the Maintenance of a Minister, and the
Appropriation towards the Maintenance of
For Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
of March following. To be laid before them at their
1739: being the 3d. Thursday in the said Month.
since the 9th.
of June 1739
991 17 2 1/4
991 17 2 1/4
and expended in
to Sterling end
taken from the
which came to
the 9th. of June
9,865 1 4 1/4
152 9 4-3/4
10,171 16 9 1/2
7,892 4 8
371 15 -
8,393 19 8
Monies remaining the 19th. of
March 1739. Whereof
To answer Sola
Bills of Exchange
issued in Georgia
for the service
of the Colony
2520 - -
2520 - -
to be applied
7180 3 l 1/4
6 2 6
174 15 -
53 10 2 1/4
74l4 10 9 1/2
28,449 6 4
76 2 6
574 15 -
69 11 2 1/4
282 9 4-3/4
29,492 4 5
have been received, and applied, and expended
For the use of particular Persons
Religious uses of the Colony Vizt.
The Use of the Missionaries and Scholls [schools?] for instructing
and Converting to Christianity the native Indians.
Note that 166.5.7 of the above
Sum of 7180.3.1 1/4 is appropriated
towards Building a Church in Georgia.
Georgia Trustees Office
Palace Court Westminster Harman Verelst Accotant.[sic]
19th. of March 1739
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. dated at
Westmr. 25th. Febry. 1739
The Trustees have been greatly concerned that no Opportunities
of Communication have arrived from Your Parts for many months past;
The last Letter they had from You being dated the 25th. of September.
She Ship that brings You this at first designed her Voyage to
North Carolina, and was ready to Sail as the late Frost sate [sic] in.
And now altering her Voyage to Charles Town, is permitted, in
Consideration of her long Detention to depart notwithstanding the present
Embargo, and by her there is consigned to Mr. William Hopton at Mrs.
Jennys in Charles Town South Carolina, to be forwarded to You
L 1,000. in the Trustees Sterling Sola Bills, whereof 100 Bills of
L 5.-.- each No. 631 to 730. and 50O Bills of L 1.-.- each No. 3,351
to 3,850 filled up in the Bill itself; to Your Self Mr. Thomas
Christie and Mr. Thomas Jones or any two of You, to Issue by
Indorsement [sic] of such two Names which Issue them on the back of
each Bill, which the Trustees have sent You for the further defraying
the Estimated Expences [sic] in Georgia from Lady Day next, to which time You have already received Remittances for defraying the Estimates sent You:
These Bills therefore the General will not have any Trouble of
The Colony of Georgia having undergone many Reflections from
all Quarters with great Industry spread, as if it would never come to
any thing, and was not worth the Money which had been granted
for it; and that no Person by Cultivation could gain a livelihood
there, and that the whole Place was in a deplorable Condition; And the
Representation from the People of Savannah produced as Evidence by a
Member of Parliament in the House, when the Trustees Petition was Under
Consideration for a further Supply; Which the Trustees gave the proper
But as Mr. Tailfer, Mr. Williams and others have become Appellants
to Parliament from the Trustees, and the Trustees think to evince
in the clearest manner every thing they can clear up they depend on
your known Integrity and Zeal to return them upon Oaths of Your Self and
others willing to declare the Truth in open Court, and under the Seal of
the Town Court the following Particulars as soon as conveniently You
can, to enable them to do Justice to that Colony they are intrusted [sic]
with the Care of Which Particulars will be laid before the next Session
of Parliamt. for no more Money can be asked for, till these are made
appear. That is to say.
The State of the Colony, with respect to the Number of its
Inhabitants, their Settlements and Progress in Cultivation, their
Ability or Inability to Support themselves by Labour.
The Nature of the Climate and Soil, and the Proportions of the
different Sorts of Soil as near as may be computed.
The Produces that may be raised for Trade by the Inhabitants
And as the Produces which the Trustees desire to be raised
in Georgia are such only which White People can Manage, it would be a
Satisfaction to the Trustees to know. That Industrious White
Inhabitants may cultivate the Land fit for raising such Produces,
without the Introduction of black Slavery, and the fatal Consequences
of it, to the weakening of any Place, especially a Barrier.
The Nature and Goodness of the Coast and Harbours [sic] and the
defencible [sic] State of the Colony together with the Benefit Great
Britain enjoys by settling and fortifying it, and may reasonably
be expected to enjoy by the Produces of Silk Wine, Oil, Cotton and
The Trustees hope that every reasonable Inhabitant is satisfied
with the great Extention [sic] of the Tenures which are now in every Man's
own Power to Use; but not to deprive those of his own House, which the
Trustees as Guardians of the People have wisely preserved. Had the
Inhabitants but considered the Trustees being free of Self Interest
they could not have doubted; but when it was necessary this very thing
would be done, which was now done of special Favour [sic]; And not thought
necessary at first, in Order to preserve defencible [sic] Men on each Lot in
the beginning of things.
The Trustees have paid your Son on Accot. of Your Salary two
several Sums of L 10. each at his Request, which he said he would
acquaint You of; I don't apprehend he has any Thoughts of returning to
Georgia, which cannot immediately furnish means of getting Money by
those Produces which are a Work of time to come at; And which for
want of due Consideration has caused the evil Reporters I have hinted
at, to endeavour [sic] to drive at going upon by the Labour of Negroes in
other kinds of Produces.
In the Trustees Letter dated 5th. December last, they mentioned
their Intention to give You L 25. a Year more for a Clerk; and in their
Letter of 28th. of the same month it is mentioned. That the L 25 ordered
You for Assistance to Copy your Journals Ac. You are to Pay Your Self
out of the Estimated General Expences [sic] of the Colony, And this now
Authourizes [sic] You to shew to Mr. Christie and Mr. Jones, the Trustees
direction therein, that the same may he accordingly paid You, It is
Sir with Pleasure I can acquaint You That the Trustees continue the same
Satisfaction in Your Services and Esteem for Your Person, that they ever
at any time expressed; And they hope that every one else in the Colony
will duly Answer the Trustees Expectation in consulting You on all
Occasions, and pursuing that Advice which Your long experience and
happy Influence Ought to have upon all, even from the highest to the
Your most Obedient Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Andrew Stone Esqr. dated at
Westmr, the 12th. March 1739
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia have received
two Letters from General Oglethorpe in which are some Passages, which
they conceive to be of the highest Importance to the Preservation of
that Province and the adjacent Provinces upon the Continent of North
America, and relate only to the Defence [sic] of the Colony, for which the
Trustees by the Grant of Parliament are restrained from entring into
any Expence [sic], and are indeed absolutely unable. Therefore they desire
You will lay the following Extracts before His Grace the Duke of
Newcastle, that His Majesty may he acquainted therewith,
Your most Obedient humble
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Andrew Stone Esqr. dated at
Westminster the 22d. March 1739.
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia hope that His
Grace the Duke of Newcastle has been so good, as to lay before His
Majesty the Substance of the Extract from General Oglethorpes Letter,
which I inclosed to You the 12th. instant; And which they conceive to be
of the highest Consequence to the Security of the Provinces of Georgia
and Carolina, in the present Situation of Affairs. But the
Occasion of my troubling You at present is, to desire you'll acquaint
his Grace, that the Trustees had, when Money was granted to them for the
Security of the Colony, as well as the Settling of it provided all the
Freeholders in the Province with Arms, and given Instructions for their
being constantly disciplined; But find that at present they are in the
greatest want of Ammunition, there not being a Barrel of Powder in the
Province for the Use of the Militia; And therefore the Trustees desire
that his Grace will be pleased to obtain His Majesty's Orders for an
immediate Supply of Ammunition to be sent for the Colony, They being not
only unable but restrained by the Grant of Parliament from entering
into any Expence [sic] for the Defence [sic] of the Province.
Your most Obedient Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Messrs. Grant Baillie
and Douglass dated the 25th. March 1740
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia have received
and read Your Letter of May 26th. 1739 by which they find You have
abandoned your Settlements upon the Ogeeche River for the following
Reasons, Because You are not allowed to have black Servants to cultivate
Your Lands, and because you disliked the Tenure of Your Grants.
As to the first You must have seen by the Trustees Answer to the
Representation of some of the People, that they cannot, and will not
break into the Constitution of the Province by such an Introduction of
Slavery in Blacks; And that upon the most mature Deliberation and for
the Strongest Reasons which indeed are obvious to every Considering ^
Man; and which they are confirmed in by the danger, which has lately
threatened South Carolina by the Insurrection of the Negroes, and would
be more imminent in Georgia, it being a Frontier.
As to the last, relating to the Tenure of Lands, The Trustees
suppose you may have seen the Alteration which they have made since the
writing of your Letter, and they have no doubt but You are satisfied
therewith as the rest of the Colony are.
The Trustees have likewise received and considered Your Petition
to General Oglethorpe for a Settlement on Wilmington Island, and his
Answers thereto; which they think are of great force, and therefore they
cannot make You a Grant there, but hope you will go on in improving Your
Settlements on the Ogeeche River, Which they perceive by Your Letter May
26th. that You had made a great Progress in.
Your very humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Henry Parker dated at
Westminster 25th. March 1740.
Mr. Henry Parker
The Trustees having received more favourable [sic] Accounts of Your
Behaviour [sic] than heretofore from Genl. Oglethorpe, Col. Stephens,
and Mr. Jones. I am directed to acquaint You that You are restored to
Your office of first Bailiff of the Town of Savannah, Which they assure themselves You will maintain with proper Decency and Dignity, and Harmony
with the other Magistrates; And Mr. Stephens will deliver You Your
Commission. You are also restored to being one of the Commissioners for
examining and Stating the Publick [sic] Debts.
Your humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Thomas Christie dated 25th,
Mr. Thomas Christie.
The Trustees finding You have permitted Adrian Loyer to go to
Port Royal, after his being refused by Mr. Henry Parker, which Loyer is
Charged by the Commissioners for examining and Stating the Publick [sic]
Debts with Erasements [sic] in the Accounts of the Store; and You not
having made up your Accounts with the Store; The Trustees have in the
first place revoked Your Appointment of being first Bailiff of Savannah,
and being One of the Commissioners for examining and Stating the
Publick [sic] Debts, and have restored Mr, Henry Parker thereto; and
untill [sic] You have made up your Accounts with the Store, and sent
over the Copy's of the Records of the Court, the Trustees have suspended
You from the Office of Recorder, and Deputed Mr. John Pye to Officiate
during that Suspension.
Your humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Samuel Davison dated at
Westminster the 25th. March 1740.
Mr. Samuel Davison.
The Trustees finding there are few or no Servants at Frederica
consequently No Over seer requisite there, the Trust Servants being
under the Care of Mr. Moore Mackintosh at Darien, They have revoked
Your Appointment of Overseer dated July 4th. 1739.
Your humble Servant
25 March 1740
The Case of Macpherson Capt. of Rangers
for a time on pay.
On the 15 April 1738 Mr. Causton (who then had the care of the Trustees
Cash) certified an Acct. of 188.8.131.52/4 due to him at Lady day preceding;
pursuant to which Macpherson drew a Bill on the Trust. But the Trustees
having previous to this transaction, Orderd Mr. Causton to certifie [sic]
noAccts., but to make all payments out of Sola bills Sent him for such
purposes (which Order the Trustees knew he received the 30th of March
that year, 15 days before the certificate by him given) they returned it
the 4th. of August to be paid in Georgia.
About the Expiration of that 1/2 years Service an insolent Bullying letter
(See Journal 24 march 1737-8) was wrote the 24 march by this Macpherson
that as the 6 months were now Expiring which his People had engaged for,
they would not continue on the Same terms, and unless Mr. Causton would
comply with sundry particulars required as well relating to himself as
his men (most of which appeared to me exorbitant demands) he would bid
him farewell; and desired he would send some body to take charge of Fort
Arguile, to which he expected his positive Answer before the 25th. To
this Mr. Causton so far gave him Satisfaction as to leave it to himself
to the best terms he could with his men to continue the service,
with promise to conform to all besides that he insisted on, as far as
twas in his power. Judging it not safe to abandon that Fort and dissolve
that Company, tho Sensible the Captain himself merited little Indulgence,
being very seldom with his Men upon any duty, making the Post a sort of
Sine cure, and putting so much pay into his pocket for little or nothing
NB. there was at that time apprehensions of the Spaniards falling upon
When the Commissioners of Accts. came to take his particular demand under
their Inspection, Col. Stephens who is one of them wrote on the 8 of Aug.
Captain Macphersons [sic] and his Rangers Acct. being before us, we
could not but observe the exceeding great difference we therein
found of what he claimed for the last half year from Lady day to
Michs. 1738 from any preceding Acct. to the Same time: but
having recourse to my Journal of 24 March and the 1. 2. and 3d
April 1738, I perfectly recollected what I there found, and withall
several other particulars not fully noted there. The Captain at
that time when we could not be too much on our Guard against the
Spaniards, took that advantage, and in a great measure extorted
such a Compliance with his demands, as he thought we durst not
refuse, wherefore after Exhorting him to be very watchfull [sic], and
more than Ordinarily diligent in keeping a good look out, he was
promised that as far as twas in our power, he and his people
should have all their demands fulfilled, which they then insisted
on. Which now is Submitted to the Judgment of the Honble. Trustees.
The Report of the Commissioners was to this Effect.
That they had Examined the demands of Capt. Ja. Macpherson (formerly
Commander of the Rangers) and found there was due to him for his own and
19 Mens Service under his Command to the 29th. Sept. 1738, L 189.13.1. 1/2
and that there was also due to him for said Service from that time to
l6 Novr. 1738 the further Sum of L 61.4.0.
That the said Macpherson demanded also for his Service for said time an
Advanced sum, which the Commissioners refer to the Consideration of the
For a ballance [sic] due to him for his Service to the 29 of
Novr. following . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3184.108.40.206/2
For his Service to 16 Nov. following . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109. 4.6.
So that the Sum of 240.2.6 being the difference between the Sum allowed
by the Commissioners to be remaining due to said Macpherson and the Sum demanded by him as above, the Commissioners must wait for the
Trustees Opinion thereupon, before they can allow the Same.
The Board looking on this Supra demand as Extortion, agreed with the
Commissioners Report, and Resolved (the 25th March 1740) that 240.2.6
should be disallowed, and the remaining 250.17.2.1/2 paid him when
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Thomas Hawkins dated at Westmr.
the 25th March 1740.
Mr. Thomas Hawkins
The Trustees finding it necessary to give the Parliament as
satisfactory an Account as possible of the State of the Colony; and as
they think they may depend on Your Integrity and Zeal, they desire you
will transmitt [sic] to Mr. Stephens as soon as You can, upon the Oaths of
Yourself and others, willing to declare the Truth in open Court, the
following Particulars, vizt.
The Number of Inhabitants in the Southern part of the Province
their Settlements and Progress in Cultivation, their Ability or Inability
to support themselves by Labour.
The Nature of the Climate and Soil, and the Proportions of the
different sorts of Soil as near as can be computed.
The Produces which may be raised for Trade by the Inhabitants.
And as the Produces which the Trustees desire should be raised in
Georgia, are such only which white People can Manage, it would be a
pleasure to them to be assured that industrious White Inhabitants can
cultivate the Land fit for raising such Produces, without the
Introduction of Slavery in Blacks and the fatal Consequences of them
to the weakening of any Place, especially a Barrier.
And the Nature and Goodness of the Coast and Harbours [sic], and
the defencible [sic] State of the Southern part of the Province,
together with the Benefit Great Britain enjoys by Settling and
Fortifying it, and may reasonably expect to enjoy by the Produces
of Silk, Wine, Oyl [sic] and Cotton and Cochineal, as likewise the
probability of raising them.
The Trustees expect that You will send to Mr. Stephens at Michas
and every half Year afterwards the State of the Colony, as set forth
in the first Paragraph, with relation to the Number of Inhabitants,
their Settlements, and Progress in Cultivation.
Your very humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Zegenhagen to Mr. Verelst Dated at
Kensington March 26th. 1740.
Not having Yesterday the Pleasure to see You at the Society in
Bartlets Buildings: I send You here a Copy of General Oglethorpe's
Letter to the Revd. Mr. Boltzious [sic] relating to a Missionary for
which the General is desirous to have from Hall But as in that letter is
nothing of the charges that are necessarily required for the sending
a Missionary, I did not think proper to send the General's Letter
to Professor Franck without having before Your Advice and opinion, and
by Your means the opinion of the Honble. the Trustees. I remain with
particular Estim [sic]
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to the Honble. General Oglethorpe
dated at Westminster the 29th. of March 1740.
Mr. Moore's Letter to the Trustees Accomptant dated the first of
December last was received the 3d. instant, and it mentioning your being
gone towards St. John's River with about Two hundred Men to drive the
Spaniards from thence, who had landed and killed two Highland Servants
as they were walking out without their Arms; The Trustees were made
acquainted therewith, who heartily wished your Success, and Care of Your
Mr. Thomas Stephens having very imprudently put into the hands of
Mr. Brampston and other Members of Parliament a Paper called Observations
on the State of Georgia; the Trustees have sent You a Copy of it. These
Observations are directly contrary to the Sentiments that his Father has
expressed in all his Journals and Letters sent to the Trustees; and they
have also sent his Father another Copy thereof.
The said Thomas Stephens having likewise made out an Accompt of
the different Expence [sic] between the Labour of White Men and Negroes;
theTrustees have sent You a Copy of it, that they may from You know,
a true State thereof.
The Trustees have desired Mr. William Stephens to return
them upon his and the Oaths of others willing to declare the Truth in
open Court, and under the Seal of the Town Court the following
particulars as soon as conveniently he can. [gap in the original] vozt. [sic]
The State of the Colony with respect to the Number of its Inhabitants
their Settlements and Progress in Cultivation, their Ability or
Inability to Support themselves by Labour [sic].
The Nature of the Climate and Soil, and the Proportions of the
different Sorts of Soil as near as may he computed.
The Produces that may he raised for Trade by the Inhabitants.
And as the Produces which the Trustees desire to be raised in
Georgia are such only, which White People can Manage, it would he a
Satisfaction to the Trustees to know that industrious white Inhabitants
may cultivate the Land for raising such Produces without the use of
Which Account so testified, as also such Addition as will Answer
the said Thomas Stephens's Observations, will take off the bad
Impressions his Behaviour [sic] has made, and enable the Trustees to
lay a true and impartial State of the Colony before Parliament at the
Meeting of the next Session.
As the Trustees had been at a great Expence [sic] in making Fortifications
in the Colony, before the Government undertook the Military
Expences [sic] for the Security of the Province; and as an Accot. of the
several Fortifications might be very Satisfactory to the Parliament, as
well as the Publick [sic]; The Trustees desire you will give directions for
sending as soon as possible to the Trust, a Description of the said
Fortifications, with their Situations and the Cannon mounted on each.
On the 7th, instant the Trustees received Your Letter dated the
20th, of October last, and are well pleased that the publishing their
Answer relating to the use of Negroes has had a good Effect, and that
the Idle are preparing to leave the Colony.
They received your Accompt of L 561:0:9 1/2 whereof L 529:0:9 1/2 is
for the Charge of Your late Journey to and from the Indian Nation, and
of Presents to the Indians, which Charges in their Particulars
certifyed [sic] by Your Letter to the Trustees Accomptant dated the 19th.
of October last are laid before the Treasury as being necessary for the
Security of the Colony, and equally so as well as the other Military
Services of Debarking of and building Cleft Board Houses for Your Regiment,
and an House for the Commanding Officer thereof; That the whole
may be provided and paid for by the Publick [sic]; For these Expences [sic]
of Securing the Colony are not within any Money granted for the Trustees;
And the Grant for them in this Session for Settling and improving the
Colony is no more than L 4000.
The Trustees are very sensible that the present Posture of Publick [sic]
Affairs must unavoidably Occasion large Expences [sic] to be created,
and they think it highly proper, that You Should from time to time
certify such Expences [sic] when made, to the Lords Commissioners of the
Treasury to be paid by them to Your Order here, as they relate to
Military Services; And such of the Trustees who can be any ways Service
able to You in obtaining Payment thereof will readily assist, that the
necessary Publick [sic] Expences [sic] for the Security and Defence [sic] of the Colony should be repaid to You.
Your said Letter and the Letter of Explanation of the Accots, you
therewith sent were referred to the Committee of Accots. to examine and
Report thereupon who went through the same the 25th. instant, and the
same day reported their Opinion to the Common Council who approved
thereof, and herewith You receive a Copy of their Report. And the same
Common Council took into Consideration the Commrs. Report on Captain
Macphersons Demands and agreed with the Commissioners that the Sums
of L 189.13.1 1/2 and L 61.4.0, the last of which You drew for, were due
to the said Captain. Wherefore the L 189.13.1 1/2 when properly demanded
will he paid; as well as the Bill You drew for the said L 61.4.0
contained in Your Accots, sent over. But the exceeding Sum of L 240.2.6
claimed by the said Captain more than the Commissioners have allowed,
the Common Council disallowed.
They then considered the Letter and Petition of Andrew Grant
David Douglass and Thomas Balllie presented to You, and also of Your
Answer which the Common Council, having approved of, the Trustees
have wrote to the Petitioners on that head.
The Trustees are sorry You think their Estimate for this Year
too short, they being obliged to confine their Expences [sic] to as
narrow a Compass as possible, and to regulate them to be for such
Purposes only as the Money granted for the Trustees is appropriated to
defray, that they may avoid the Misapplication of Publick [sic] Money
to any Use different from what it was given for.
The Encouragement of the Silk is what the Trustees have very much
at heart, and think your Promise of four shillings a pound for Silk
Balls the best method of promoting it.
As to the Magistrates and Constables at Augusta and Agents in the
Indian Country; That Town being built for the Traders with the Indians,
and those Agents in the Country being for their Benefit; The Trustees
therefore have concluded, that such Traders or the Publick [sic] should bear
the Expence [sic] thereof, and not the Trust.
And as to the Tythingmen at Savannah, the Out Villages, and
Ebenezer, the Trustees cannot think of Allowances to them, they
intending to reduce those to the Constables as soon as they can.
If there are no Servants at Frederica wanting an Overseer,
and Servants at Darien who do, the Trustees think it right to allow
Mr. Mackintosh for overseering them; But they expect Accounts of the
Benefit such Servants are to the Trust, and of the use the Sawed Stuff
is put to which you represent as a Saving, though the Trustees cannot
reconcile it, no particular Advantage appearing to them to rise from
their Labour [sic], but only a certain Expence [sic] of supporting them; Whereas where they employed partly in Cultivation in the proper Seasons,
and in raising Produces, particularly planting Mulberry Trees and
preserving them, and their Wives and Children taking Care of the Worms
and spinning the Silk, such Servants would he a Profit instead of a
Charge to the Trustees.
As to any Servants in the Store at Frederica the Trustees having
resolved to have no Store in the Colony, but Pay all in Money, no
Servants in the Store can be now wanting; And their Order for that
Purpose being arrived, they hope you have on Your Return to Frederica
discharged them therefrom. They have likewise revoked Samuel Davisons
Appointment as Overseer.
Any Servants whom the Trustees now maintain (except those provided
for by the Estimate) the Trustees are willing to part with to such
of the Inhabitants as shall appear to You the best deserving and
best disposed to make a right Use of them; and who will maintain
them for the remainder of their Terms, and ease the Trustees of the
Expence [sic] thereof, and on this Occasion the Trustees have in the
first place made an Offer to Col. Stephens to have some of them.
With respect to the Magistrates Salaries, as they are now to have
no Allowances from the Store, and they being obliged to give up so much
of their time to the Publick [sic], and to appear decently to support the
Dignity of their Office, The Trustees cant think any part of their
Estimate more justifiable.
As to the Vineyards, the Trustees assisted DeDyon with a Loan,
and they know of nothing further necessary At present. If a Bounty on
Wine produced may be judged fitting, it will be time enough to Consider
thereof, when the Vinyards are more Increased.
The Bounty you propose for the future Encouragement of raising
Corn, the Trustees will consider of; But the encouraging Young Planters
and Servants out of their time, the Trustees can give no other Encourage-
ment than a Cow and a Sow, as has been done for others. And that they be
delivered out of the Trustees Stock; for as to any Annual or Weekly
Encouragements from the Store or by Money, the Trustees are absolutely
unable to do it.
The Troop of Rangers, the Officers to head the Indians, the Garrison at Augusta, And the Intelligencers in the Indian Nations may be all very
proper Expences [sic] for the Publick [sic] to bear at this time;
But as the Trustees cannot bear them without breach of their Trust,
they refer you back to that part of this Letter which advises your
certifying the Necessity and Expence [sic] of those Services to the Treasury to
have them defrayed to You; for many Services in the present War must be
paid for by the Treasury, tho unprovided for by Parliament, because
unforeseen; But the Parliament have in this Session granted to His Majesty
Two hundred thousand pounds for the better enabling him to carry on the
War; And if that should be deficient, when the Accomts thereof are laid
before Parliament, the Exceeding will be Services incurred and not
provided for, and to be made good in the next Session.
As Mr. Henry Parkers Behaviour [sic] is amended, the Trustees have
replaced him in Ms Office of first Magistrate, and have transmitted his
Constitution to Mr. Stephens, and at the same time they revoked their
Constitution of that Office to Mr. Christie, whom the Trustees find by
the Accounts lately received has been guilty of a great Misdemeanour [sic]
in his Office of Recorder permitting Adrian Loyer to go to Port Royal,
after having been refused by the Chief Magistrate; The Trustees
have therefore also Suspended him from his Office of Recorder, until
such time as he has settled his Accompts in the Store with the Trustees
Commrs.; and they have appointed John Pye to officiate during such his
Suspension, and have sent Mr. Stephens a Deputation of John Pye for that
Mr. Christie being therefore now only Suspended from the Office
of Recorder, the Trustees have revoked their Constitution to Mr.
Williamson; And they can never think of granting any Constitution to
Persons, Quam diu se bene gesserit, nor to Persons to act by Deputy.
Your Letter to the Trustees dated l6 November last was received
the 10th. instant, the first Article whereof explains the barbarous
Action of the Spaniards more fully than in the Letter from Mr. Moore.
Trustees think You should state the Administration the Necessity You
have for Scout Boats for the reasons You mention; And in the mean time
they have sent to the Duke of Newcastle, Extracts of Your
Letters to them dated 20th. October and l6th. Novr. last, which related
to the publick [sic], as also Copies of the Establishments of Rangers and
Companys [sic] of Indians, attended with a Letter to Mr. Stone (a Copy
whereof You herewith receive) to Represent the same to His Grace to lay
before the King. And Copies have been also given to the Chancellor of the
Exchequer and Secretary at War.
The Trustees were acquainted that one of the two Men of War at Charles Town
was [sic] ordered to be Stationed at Georgia in an alternate manner, and
they were also informed that a Ship with Stores of War was loaded and
consigned to You in October last, and ordered round to Portsmouth to Sail
under the Convoy of the Colchester Man of War: In which Ship the Trustees
hope every thing necessary are sent You.
Mr. Moore's Letter to the Trustees Accotant. dated the 21st. of
December last was received the 11th. instant, and the Trustees were
thereby acquainted of Your safe Return in health from St. John's River
after a great fatigue.
On the 13th. instant and not before, the Trustees received your
Letters dated the 5th. and 11th. of October last, with the then State
of the Colony, which they were very sorry was so long in coming; For had
that State been received in the usual Course of time from your sending
it, it might have helped to Silence those Reflections thrown out in
Parliament against the Colony, as if it would never come to any thing.
But the Trustees will make a proper Use of this State of the Colony, by
having written Copies given to particular Members. And as they have
wrote [sic] to Col. Stephens, not only to send over an Accot. of the
State of the Colony on the Receipt of their Letter to him, but also to
continue the game half yearly, that is to say, at Michas next and Lady Day
following, and so on; The Trustees hope you will assist him therein as
much as you can, and they have desired Mr. Hawkins the first
Bailiff at Frederica to transmit to Col. Stephens upon Oath such Accots.
as relate to the Southern part of the Province; that the whole may
appear in one State and how Authenticated
The Military Essences You are making upon Accot. of the present
War are properly mentioned in your Letter to be Governmental, and when
defrayed to You by the Treasury, there is no doubt but they will he
made good by Parliament; for the Expences [sic] of the present War are
cheerfully born by unanimous Resolutions in Parliamt.
As to the allowing an Alehouse at Tybee, the Trustees did it
with an Intention to be of Use only; and until they hear of an Abuse
of it, they dont think it for the Service of the Province to have it
suppressed; But the Trustees have sent to the Magistrates to give the
PeopleWarning, that upon any Proof of Misbehaviour [sic], their
Licence [sic] will be taken away.
The Carolina People must, as well as every one else own, that
no One ever engaged the Indians so strongly in affection as Your Self.
The Trustees are well pleased with the Lieut. Governor of Carolina's
joining to Suppress Rum; And as the People of Carolina appear to come
into a better Disposition from Your good Conduct with the Indians, the
Trustees recommend it to You to embrace this favorable Opportunity of
amicably Settling Matters with than concerning the Trade with the
Indians in such manner as may be for the mutual Advantage of both
Provinces; but to let them know. That Offences [sic] committed against
the Laws of either Province, must he tried in the Province where the
offence [sic] is comitted [sic]. And the Trustees desire that You would
have it in your thoughts, that the Clamours [sic] from Carolina have been greatly prejudicial to the Trustees Applications to the Administration and
to Parliament, and the greatest Service You can do the Civil Concerns of Georgia is to reconcile the Minds of the People of Carolina, by Settling
with them the manner of carrying on the Trade with the Indians in an
At the Trustees Anniversary Meeting on the 20th. instant Dr. Crow preached before them, and introduced the great Benefit of the
Prohibition of Rum and Negroes in Georgia, which being desired to be
printed, several of them will be sent over to the Colony. At which
Meeting the Earl of Shaftesbury was rechosen into the Common Council on
the Resignation of Sir William Heathcote, and on the 25th. instant was
sworn in accordingly
Your most Obedient
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr.
dated at Westminster the 29th. of March 1740.
Since the Trustees last Letter to You dated 25th, of last month they
having mett [sic] with Your Son's Observations on the State of Georgia
which he very Imprudently put into the hands of Mr. Brampston a Member of
Parliament; and has also further concern'd himself with other members
which produced great Reflections in the House of Commons when the
Trustees Petition was under Consideration. The Trustees have sent You
a Copy of the said Observations but not with any Intent to make you
uneasy; for they well know your Sentiments to be quite contrary to those
of Your Son by Your Journals and Letters.
The Trustees only desire to be enabled to give a full answer to
it, and to be informed from You; if there is any thing wanting; That
will make the Colony more successfull [sic] and usefull [sic], than it
is represented to be The means Your Son points out of a Fee Simple in the
Lands and the use of Negroes, the Trustees apprehend will rather destroy
the Place by falling into the hands of a few; than help it to become
usefull [sic] to its Mother Country.
The Trustees who have the highest Esteem for You, desire you will
not afflict Your Self for this behaviour [sic] of Your Sons; who will
now Seek for other Employment rather than returning to Your Assistance,
but they desire you will get proper Assistance according to the increase
of Allowance for a Clerk they made you; And they hope you will be blessed
with health and long life in their Service, for their great Dependence
on your faithfull [sic] Correspondence, and usefull [sic] Example is
such That nothing could give the Trustees more Uneasiness, than being
In the Trustees last letter you was [sic] desired to return upon Oath
several Particulars, concerning the Colony; and as what relates to the
Southern part must come from Mr. Hawkins to You they have wrote [sic] to
him to transmitt [sic] the same upon Oath to You; and the Trustees desire
the whole to be in one Authenticated Account thereof which the? would have
you transmit to them as soon as you can and they have desired the General
to assist You therein And after this Account is forwarded the Trustees
further desire that at Michaelmas next another full and particular
authenticated Accot. of the then State of the Colony should he made out
and sent them and the same to he done every half Year afterwards.
The Trustees hearing of the Amendment of Mr. Henry Parker's
Behaviour [sic] have agreed to his Continuing the Office of first
Bailiff and have by a Deed Poll herewith sent revoked Mr. Christie's Appointment thereto and restored him; And also by another Deed Poll
herewith sent have revoked Mr, Williamson's appointment of being
Recorder of Savannah and suspended Mr, Christie from that Office for his
late Behaviour [sic], during which suspension John Pye is deputed to
officiate by the same deed Poll in his Room.
At the request of Peter Emmery's Wife the Trustees consented to
her keeping a publick [sic] House at Tybee, if her husband settled to be Pilot
there, which the Trustees imagine will be of use, if under due Care and
Inspection, and therefore direct You to acquaint the Magistrates to give
Emmery Notice that upon any Proof of Misbehaviour [sic] their License will
be taken away.
On the 13th. instant the Trustees received your Letter to their
Accomptant [sic] dated 6th. and 11th, October last with Your Journal from
8. September before, and on the l8th, instant they received Your Letter
dated 25th, November last with your Journals continued, which Journals
are very regular and explicit, and therefore very Satisfactory to the
Trustees having provided in their Estimate for the Repair of the Beacon
at Tybee, they hope you will take Care to have what is necessary done to
it, to preserve so usefull [sic] a Structure, which has been erected at
so great an Expence [sic] to the Trust.
And as the Saw Mill by an unexpected Flood was so impaired as You
have represented, as that it is impossible to he erected again in the
Place where it stood, the Trustees desire you will Consult and fix upon
a more proper place with sufficient Water where to erect the
materials thereof which You so carefully put together, and from whence
the Timber may be floated down without the least Interruption of Stumps
and Briers in the Current, or the Necessity of Waiting for Freshes [sic].
Mr. Vernon is much obliged to You for the Civilitys [sic] You showed
his Son who is safe arrived at Jamaica.
The Trustees have wrote [sic] to the General that any Servants whom the
Trustees now maintain, except those provided for by the Estimate may be
parted with to such of the Inhabitants who will maintain them for the
Remainder of their Terms, among whom, in the first place the Trustees
have acquainted him and now You, that they give you the Office of some to
work on your 500d Acres Lot
And they have also acquainted the General That as to Encouraging
Young Planters and Servants in the Colony out of their time, they
can give no other Encouragemt. than a Cow and a Sow as has been done
for others, and that they be delivered out of the Trustees Stock, for
as to any Annual or Weekly Encouragements from Stores or by Money, the
Trustees are absolutely unable to do it.
The General having drawn two Bills in October last and put into
the hands of Mr. Jones the one for L 50 for Provisions &c. and the
other for L 220 for Molasses to he delivered to the Store, they must be
Accoted. for as part of the Supply for defraying the estimated Expences
[sic] in Georgia from Michaelmas last, and the Trustees have wrote to
the General to put a Stop to the keeping of any Publick [sic] Store at the
Trustees expence [sic] for the future since there are or by this time will
be private Store houses to supply the Inhabitants from for their Money, it
being now known that the Trustees pay all in ready Money.
Herewith You receive L 1,000.-.- in the Trustees Sola Bills
filled up as before, but for the future Mr. Christies Name will not be
inserted, they consist of 100.d Bills of L 5.-.- each from No. 731. to
830 both inclusive and of L 500.d Bills of L 1.-.- each from No. 3851.
to No. 4,350 both incl. but as the Provisions before mentioned go in
Part of the Estimate as well as the two ten Pounds paid Your Son here on
your Account, These Bills may he more than necessary for the Expences [sic] of
the Colony to Michaelmas 1740. in which Case the Trustees doubt not your
Care of Issuing only, what is sufficient for those Expences [sic] according
to their Estimate.
The Trustees have sent you their Grant to Mr. MacLeod at Darien
of 300.d Acres of Land in Trust for himself and Successors Missionaries
there as also the Counterpart, which they desire you to forward for him
to execute and return to You to send hack to the Trustees; the Memorial
registered he is to have as well as the Grant on his executing the
The Trustees have agreed to the Sums of L 189.13.1 1/2 and
L 61.4.0 reported due to Captain James Mackpherson [sic] but have
disallowed the L 240.2.6 he Claimed more than those Sums; They have also approved of Genl. Oglethorpes Answer to the Letter and Petition of Andrew Grant David Douglass and Thomas Baillie 18th. October last.
The Trustees are well pleased with Mr. Norriss going with General
Oglethorpe to Frederica, and they hope that by this time Mr. Whitefield
is at Savannah, he being at New York in November last.
Your most Obedt. Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Jones dated at
Westminster the 29th. March 1740.
Your Letter of the 11th. of October last was received the 13th.
instant and laid before the Trustees, who very much approve of Your
Steady Adherence to the executing those Orders and Regulations you
receive; but recommend to You such Mild Behaviour [sic] towards the People
as may soften them to a due Submission to the Trustees directions. The
Trustees are very well pleased to find Mr. Henry Parkers [sic] Behaviour
[sic] amended and therefore have restored him and they hope that Unanimity
in the Magistrates and with Mr. William Stephens the Trustees Secretary does
now and will always continue; They have suspended Mr. Christie from
his Office of Recorder until his Accounts with the Store shall be made
up for his permitting Loyer to go out of the Province after being
refused by the Chief Magistrate, and have appointed John Pye to
Officiate during such Suspension, They have also revoked Mr.
Williamsons Constitution to that Office.
The Trustees hope You have finished the examination of Mr.
Montaiguts and the other Certified Accots. and Debts of the Colony, but
if not, they desire no loss of time may he to perfect that Work and the
sending the Commrs. Report; They have received a Petition from Mr.
Causton about his Accots. but have not time by this Ship to send their
Thoughts thereupon, but they desire to know what Progress the
Commissioners have made in his Accot. with the Trust.
General Oglethorpe has sent to the Trustees your Rect. for
L 1,234.3.0 in Bills drawn by him for particular Uses, among which are
L 80.-.- to pay for Cattle as a Loan to Mr. Burnside, to pay
Noble Jones for building a Watch house, and to pay Mr. Pepper for 60
Bushells [sic] of Wheat, but it is not distinguished how much for each of
those three Services, nor is it mentioned where the Watch house was
built nor for what use the Wheat, was bought and L 80 is mentioned to be
an order on Mr. Montaigut in favour [sic] of Caleb Davis but nothing
appears to explain on what Accots. the same was given.
The Provisions &c and Molasses to be delivered to the Store for
the Bills of L 50 and L 220.-.- contained in Your said Receipt must be
Accoted. for as part of the Supply for defraying the estimated Expences
[sic] in Georgia from Michas last; and the Trustees have wrote to the General
to put a Stop to the keeping of any Publick [sic] Store at the Trustees
Expence [sic] for the future, since there are or by this time will be private
Storehouses to supply the Inhabitants from for their Money; it being now
known that the trustees pay all in ready Money.
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to The Revd. Mr. Bolzius dated
at Westminster the 23d. April 1740.
Herewith You receive a Duplicate of the Trustees Letter dated
the 29th. of last month, and they having since reed, advice of Mr.
Whitefields [sic] Arrival at Savannah, in January last, by a Letter
from him; The Trustees acquaint you that before he left England vizt. the 4th. of June last, he sent a Letter to the Trustees to inform them that he had
then collected Seventy six pounds Sterling for the Saltzburgers, which
the Trustees doubt not but he has acquainted You therewith, for the
laying it out to the use he collected it for, and also if he collected
any more for the Saltzburghers after that day; This Sum you will settle
with him to he laid out in the most usefull [sic] manner for Your
Congregation, and the Trustees desire to hear from you when it is applied,
in what manner it has been done.
I am Sir
Your most Obedient Servant.
Mr. Whitefields Letter to the Trustees Accotant.
above mentioned is in the following Words
Be pleased to acquaint the Honble. Trustees that I have collected
966 L for the Orphans House 76. Lb for the Saltzburgers and L l48.-.- for
the Poor in General.
Your very humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to The Reverend Mr. Whitefield
dated at Westminster 24th. April 1740.
On the 8th, instant I received Your Letter dated 28th. of January last,
but that mentioned of the l6th. of the said month is not Yet received.
The Trustees were glad to hear of Your Arrival in Georgia, and
nothing can he more acceptable to them than frequent Correspondence
and knowing the Process you have made since you left England and are
continuing to make in Georgia, and particularly the Success you may
have had in Collections for Georgia since your last Accompt to them
dated the 4th, June 1739, when you desired me to acquaint the Trustees
by Your Letter of that Date, that You had collected 966. lb for the Orphan
House L 76. for the Saltzburghers and L l48.-.- for the Poor in
General; which Sums for the Saltzburghers and for the Poor in general,
the Trustees recommend it you, to consult the Saltzburgh Ministers, in
the Application of the said L 76. and Mr. Stephens who may assist you in
Representing such Industrious and proper Objects in Georgia as are most
deserving of Relief in the Application of the said L l48 ~ As to the
L 966 or such other and farther Stuns you may have collected for the
Orphans House That is under your own General Covenant for prosecuting
and carrying on that Work and for the Maintenance of the Orphans.
Your Letter containing Matters for the Consideration of the
Common Council will be fully answered by the next Ship; but in the
mean time I acknowledged the Receipt of it as before mentioned and am
Your most Obedient Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to His Excellency Genl.
Oglethorpe dated at Westmr. 24th, April 1740.
Herewith you receive a Duplicate of the Trustees Letter dated
the 29th. of last month, they have received no Letter from Georgia
since except one from Mr, Whitefield dated 28th. Janry, last.
The Trustees by Mr. Chandler one of their Body and in the
Commission of the Customs, have consulted concerning the necessary
Officers of the Customs in Georgia, and as there are two Ports vizt.
Savannah and Frederica; the Commissioners of the Customs require That
at each Port there must be a Collector, a Comptroller, a Searcher, and
a Naval Officer; who must give the following Securities, vizt. The
Collector and Naval Officer 500 Lb. each, the Comptroller 300 Lb. and the
Searcher 200 Lb. But as no such Securities can be given here, for Persons
now in Georgia, the Trustees have proposed That such Securities should
he taken in the Kings Name in Georgia with Duplicates of them to be
transmitted to the Commrs. of the Customs here That on any Offence [sic] of
the Officers such Securities might be prosecuted by the Commissioners
Order in America by such Person as they shall instruct.
And as it is inconsistent for any one of the Officers to execute two
Branches of Duty the Trustees desire You would return them the Names
of proper Persons to execute those Offices in both the said Ports as
also the Names of the Securities in Georgia who can be proposed for
them; And then the Trustees will apply to the Commissioners of the
Customs for Constitutions for them and their proper Instructions.
As to Mr. Fallowfields having taken Bond for 8,260 pounds weight
of Spanish Sugars imported in the Sloop Unity, the Commissioners of the
Customs say he should have collected the Duty, and not taken the Bond
which cannot be prosecuted being illegal.
Your most Obedt. Servant.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr.
dated at Westmr. 24th, April 1740.
Herewith you receive a Duplicate of the Trustees Letter dated
the 29th, of last month They have since received a Letter from Mr.
Whitefield dated 28th. of January last but no other from the Colony,
The Trustees desire you would Examine what Religious Books
remain at Savannah which were sent over for the use of the Minister
there for the time Being, and they desire You would send them an Account
thereof; and would take care, that they continue to remain at Savannah
for that Use.
On the 4th. of June last Mr. Whitefield By his Letter acquainted
the Trustees That he had collected L 966 for the Orphan House
L 76 for the Saltzburghers and L 148.-.- for the Poor in General;
the Trustees have therefore desired him to consult with You in
the DistriBution of the said L l48.-.- to such Industrious and proper
Objects in Georgia who are most deserving of Relief
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Causton 5th.
May 1740. dated at Westminster.
Your Letter and Petion [sic] dated the 22d. of Novr. last was received
the 20th. of March foll [sic], and on the 30th. of last month was read and
considered of in Common Council.
The Trustees are very sensible of the weight of Business You had
upon You from the first Settlement of the Colony to the time of Your
Discharge from their Service, and were sorry it continued so long; As
they were thereby prevented from having satisfactory Accots. of their
Expences [sic] abroad, and having them under a proper Regulation.
For as to Your Cash Accompts sent over from the first, You have been often
acquainted how defective they were by having Entry's made of only Names
and Sums, When a few Words to explain for what Services Sums were paid
would have enabled the Trustees to have accompted [sic] regularly by Stating
what the Annual Expence [sic] of each Service amounted to, and have
enlightened them to judge of the Propriety of the several Services paid for
by You on their Accot. if agreeable to be continued or not. And as to such
Numbers of Cargoes received into Store and the great Waste as well as
Uselessness of many of them, by not being fit for the Inhabitants to
receive in Payment who had any Demands on the Trust; These are
Facts of such a Nature that want Explanations of.
The Trustees however resolving that no Determination shall be
made by them on Your Accompts, without their knowing your Defence [sic] as
well as Charge, have sent Orders to Mr. Stephens Mr, Parker and Mr.
Jones the Commisers. appointed to examine Your Accots. that any Matter
therein contained which they Object to. You shall have Notice thereof,
and be present to make answer thereto. And in Case any Evidence shall be
found necessary to be given in any matter concerning Your Accompts, You
shall be present when such Evidence is given and have Liberty to cross
examine it. And whatever You have to offer which may be Objected to by
the said Commissioners they are to take Cognizance of in Your own Words,
and send them, with their Observations for the Trustees to judge of.
And the Trustees expect that on Your Part You should be assistive to the
said Commissioners in any thing which may want Explanation concerning
any of the Publick [sic] Accounts not yet finished, if any still are so.
The Trustees are well satisfied that You can have no Cause to
fear Injustice, when your Accompts are only to be examined and Stated by
the Commrs. and the Determination thereupon reserved for the Trustees
themselves, and having given the above Instructions concerning
youT Defence [sic]; They therefore desire You will expedite the finishing
their Inquiry on Your Part in every thing You can, and have wrote to
them to do the same on their Parts, in Order to have every thing deter-
mined between the Trustees and You with that Justice that they desire
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Messrs. Stephens, Parker end
Jones dated at Westmr, 5th. May 1740.
Herewith You receive a Copy of the Trustees Letter to Mr. Causton
in answer to his Letter and Petition dated 22.d Novr. 1739. which the
Trustees desire you will govern your Selves by.
Mr. Causton having by way of Schedule to his Petition annexd an
Abstract of Charges in Georgia from 22d. Novr. 1736 to 10th. October
1738, the Trustees have sent You a Copy of it, he referring to the Books
and Papers in your Custody for the Particulars of them; And you will
then perceive whether the advanced Prices he issued Stores at, to
answer Waste and Charges, have been duly enditted [sic] to the Trustees.
Your Expedition in finishing the examining and stating these
Accompts. of Mr. Causton and Explanation of the Services for which, his
respective Payments have been made, is a Matter of the greatest Impor-
tance to be gone thro [sic] as well as the finishing any other Publick [sic]
Accompts. not yet examined; And which the Trustees earnestly recommend
Your most Obedient Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Messrs. Stirling, Grant,
Douglass & Baillie dated at Westmr. 5th. May 1740.
The Trustees having rec'd by Captn. Thomson another Letter from
You and a Petition relating to Your Desire of Settling on Wilmington
Island, since their Letter to You dated the 25th. March last, and having
examined Captn. Thomson on some Points relating thereto. Your Petition
of the 1st. of June will be considered the first Opportunity
I am Gentlemen
Your most Obedt. Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Andrew Stone Esqr. (in
Absence of the Secretary) dated at Westminster the 7th. May 1740.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
having lately received a Letter from His Excellency General Oglethorpe
dated Frederica the 29th. of December 1739 containing (among other
things) Matters of the outmost [sic] Importance for the Preservation of the
Colony during the War. They have inclosed a Copy of the Paragraphs
thereof which relate thereto, and desire you will immediately lay the
same before His Grace the Duke of Newcastle, and request His Grace's
taking His Majestys [sic] Directions thereupon before his Departure for
Your most Obedt. Servant.
Frederica 29th. December 1739
There will be this Year over and above your Establishmt. several
Expences [sic] Necessary for the Preserving of the Colony. The small
Garrison of a Captain and ten Men at Fort Augusta will be necessary to
be continued, since we cannot weaken the Regiment by sending a
Detachment to so great a Distance as 300 Miles. The Regiment of Foot
that is here, is not sufficient to make War in the Woods by Land and
overtake Indians or horsemen therefore I have been obliged to call down
our Indian Allies; they have very readily assisted me, but whilst they
lost their hunting and Corn Season for our Defence [sic], we are forced to
give them food. Arms, Ammunition and some Cloathing [sic], which
the wod.[sic] otherwise buy with Skins which they get by hunting.
Their Leaders and Interpreters have certain Allowances I sent you over
them for the Creeks Cherokees, those for the Chickesaws, Uchees,
and Yamacraws, have the same.
Horsemen also I am obliged to raise and have ordered 60 Rangers
Their Establishments Mr. Horton has with him, The Settlements must all
have been destroyed and the Communication between the Troops cutt [sic] off,
when the Spaniards attacked Amelia, if I had not armed out Boats, which
I did In the Cheapest manner taking no more men upon hire then just
enough to Navigate them, and even saving this expence [sic] upon some by
employing the Trust's Highland Servants whom Mr. Mackintosh and Mr.
Mackay had taught to row; the rest of the Men are Soldiers, to whom we
only allow provisions during the time they are on board. Thus the
Colony Perriaugua [sic] is fitted out with 4 Guns, rows with 20 Men, and
carries 20 More so that having 40 Men she is able to engage a
Spanish launch, stands only in the Wages of a Commander, a Patroon, and
six Men, the rest of the 40 being Soldiers of whom only them that row
have Provisions. By these Boats I have drove [sic] the Spaniards out of the
River St. Johns, can, when I will, land in Florida, as well as protect
this Colony and Carolina, which without them would be entirely exposed,
as by the sad Accident at Amelia when we had only two Boats in Service
too plainly appeared.
The Forst [sic] that I built were run to ruin being mostly of earth
having no means to repair them and having also Orders not to fortify;
Upon the Hostilities being Committed, I thought I should be answerable
for the Blood of these People before God and Man if I had left them
open to be surprized [sic] by Spanish Indians, and Murdered in the Night and
their Houses burnt and If I did not take all proper means for their
Defence [sic], they being under my Charge. I therefore began to fortify
Frederica, and inclose the whole Town, in which there are some very good
Houses. It is half an Hexagon with two Bastions, and two half Bastions
and Towers after Monsieur Vauban's Method upon the point of each
Bastion. The Walls are of earth faced with Timber 10 foot high, in the
lowest place, and in the highest 13, and the Timbers from 8 Inches to
12 Inches thick. There is a wet Ditch 10 foot wide, and so laid out,
that if we had an Allowance for it; I can by widening the Ditch
double the thickness of the Wall and make a covered Way. I hope in
three months it will be entirely finished, and in that time not only to
fortify here, but to repair the Forst [sic] on Amelia and Saint Andrews. The
Expence [sic] of these small above mentioned Works which is all that I can
now make will not be great, Frederica will come within L 500 St.
Andrews L 400 and Amelia L 100. I made an Inroad into the Spanish
Florida by the help of the Boats drove them to take Shelter in
their Forts and kept the Field several days, parties of Indians killing
their Cattle &ca. even to within a few Miles of Augustine; but could not
provoke them to fight, I am going to make another Inroad, and
trust in God it will daunt them so, that we shall have full time to
fortify, and if the People of Carolina would assist Us heartily we might
take Augustine, to which these frequent Inroads may pave the Way, for they
dishearten their People, make us acquainted with the Country, and
encourage the Soldiers by living on the Enemy's Cattle and Provisions.
I hope if the Trustees will represent the necessity of the above
Expences [sic] to Parliament, the House will grant to them sufficient to
defray the Estimates of them. Or if the Parliamt. thinks this Expence [sic]
too much for the preserving this Colony, I hope they will withdraw both
the Colony, and the Regiment since without these necessary Preparations,
they will he exposed to certain Destruction.
Your very humble Servant
6. June 1740
To The Bayliffe and Recorder of the
Town of Savannah in the Province of
Georgia in America.
Instructions from the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia
in America for preventing any Mistakes that may arise concerning the
Power of taking Orphans into the Orphan House and the direction of them
You the Magistrates only have the Power of Placing the Orphans in
the Orphan House, and no person whatsoever can take any in without your
Authority and approbation.
If you find any Orphan is Old enough, and has Sufficient Strength
to he employd in any Service, and if the Orphan desires it, and any
Master can he found who is willing and able to take him as an Apprentice,
You must dispose of the Orphan as Seems best to you.
You must not and indeed the Trustees cannot impower [sic] you to take
any Orphans from their Friends who are able and willing to take care of
them or where the Orphan has a Sufficient property to be maintained by.
But such Orphans only are to he taken in, as are destitute of Friends or
means for their Subsistance [sic] or Instruction.
You must call upon the Manager or Managers of the Orphan House
for Regular Accts. of the number of Orphans and their Employments and
improvements, and the Care that is taken of them, and you must once in
every year Visit the House, and inspect the Management of them, and make
your Report to the Trustees.
You must take care that no looms he set up in the Orphan House,
it being Contrary to the Declared Judgment of the Parliament that any
Manufactures should he carry'd on in America which may interfere
with those of Great Britain: And Such produces only are to be raised
as will he usefull [sic] for carrying on our Manufactures in England.
You must See that the Effects and Property of the Orphans be
taken care of, and you must provide two Persons who will he proper for
the Same, and who Shall give Security for their being answerable for the
Said Effects and the Management of them: and if Mr. Jenkins is willing
he must he continued as one.
hen an Orphan who is a Freeholder, and fit for Labour arrives
at l6 Years of Age he must he put upon the Work of his own Plantation,
that when he comes of Age, he may know how to improve it himself to the
You must not take off any servants employd in the Orphan House to
do a Guard Duty or to Serve in any Civil Offices.
Signed by order of the said Trustees
the 6 day of June 1740.
Benj: Martyn Secy.
The Same to the Recorder
and Bayliffs [sic] of Frederica.