History of [Glynn County], Georgia, 1825 Oct. 29 / Colonel William Whig Hazzard

Collection:
Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842
Title:
History of [Glynn County], Georgia, 1825 Oct. 29 / Colonel William Whig Hazzard
Creator:
Hazzard, William W., 1793-1861
Date of Original:
1825-10-29
Subject:
Five Civilized Tribes
Glynn County (Ga.)--Description and travel
Glynn County (Ga.)--History
Location:
United States, Georgia, Glynn County, 31.2132418, -81.4936976
Medium:
local histories
Type:
Text
Format:
text/html
image/jpeg
Description:
This document is a brief history of Glynn County, Georgia, prepared by Colonel William Whig Hazzard and directed to the justices for the inferior court of Glynn County. Hazzard covers a number of topics including the native flora and fauna, geological and climatic conditions, early European settlement, religion and recreation. He also describes the former Indian inhabitants of the county, mentioning Yamasee, Chickasaw, and Muscogee (Creek) peoples and their relationship to the region and its history. The history was received and approved on October 29, 1825 by the justices of the Glynn County inferior court.
Digital image and encoded transcription of an original manuscript, scanned, transcribed and encoded by the Digital Library of Georgia in 2001, as part of GALILEO, funded in part by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Local Identifier:
tcc945
Metadata URL:
https://dlg.usg.edu/record/dlg_zlna_tcc945
Digital Object URL:
https://dlg.usg.edu/record/dlg_zlna_tcc945#item
Language:
eng
Bibliographic Citation (Cite As):
Cite as: [title of item], Telamon Cuyler, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia
Extent:
16 pages/leaves
Original Collection:
Manuscript held by the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries, Telamon Cuyler, box 24, folder 28, document 01.
Holding Institution:
Hargrett Library
Rights:

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History of Georgia

1825

St. Simons
&c [et cetera]
census

8 sheets





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A Statistical Table for St. Simons Island from
1820 to
23
Planters. Persons engaged in Agriculture Mechanics house servants Acres in Cotton In Corn In Potatoes In Peas Average of Cotton pr Acre of Corn of Potatoes of Peas Amount of Clean [illegible text] Cotton
J. Couper 63 5 6 290 10 10 " 170 10 80 "
P. Butler 75 10 2 295 12 23 15 180 10 100 10
R. Grant 21 2 5 94 9 6 " 110 15 80 [illegible text]
A.C. Wylly 18 4 5 60 20 5 6 100 12 80 20
L. Matthews 22 1 4 78 16 6 5 165 15 80 6
W.W. [William Whig] Hazzard 21 2 4 75 21 8 3 170 10 75 5 [deleted text: Lb ] 264.080
G Abbott 10 1 3 35 10 5 " 100 20 70 " equal to 880 bags
T. Cole 2 " 1 10 5 2 " 50 10 60 " nearly equal to the whole produce of the Country for the last two years
G. Beck 2 " " 6 4 1 " 70 10 70 "
JB. Wright 10 " 3 35 10 5 " 175 10 70 10
S. Wright 10 1 3 35 20 5 2 75 15
J.H. [unclear text: Geekee ] 14 1 3 60 14 6 14 170 15 70 10
J. Gould 16 2 3 80 " 9 " 170 " 80 10
R. Demere 40 2 4 120 40 12 10 170 20 100 10
J. Hamilton 68 2 4 200 45 14 10 180 20 100 5
B.F. Cates 10 " 2 35 10 5 10 170 15 100 10
Wm [William] Page 23 4 5 180 40 13 12 180 20 200 10
Total 425 37 57 1668 286 136 87





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To the Honorable thee [the] Justices of the Inferior Court [deleted text: Court ] for the County of Glynn [deleted text: County ]
Gentlemen
In compliance with your desire and a resolution at the extra session of our Legislature, requiring thee [the] Justices of the Inferior Court to associate with them some of their Fellow Citizens, to furnish His Excellency thee [the] Governor, for the use of thee [the] Citizen appointed to collect the Historical Documents, on or before the 1st Monday in
November next with information generally, respecting their several Counties and particularly as to the following points --
1st. The Soil, together with the nature, quality and quantity of its produce- 2d Trade and Manufactories [Manufactures] .- 3d Natural History 5th- Internal improvements from one period of time to another.- 6th Peculiar settlements their origin and subsequent History.- 7th Accademies [Academies] and other schools, together with the state of learning generally.- 8th Various sects of Religion removed or existing.- 9th Manners, habits and amusements of the People; and feeling some anxiety to have the local, natural and general advantages of our County clearly represented this geographical and historical sketch of our County is respectfully submitted to your Honorable Body.
As to general information respecting Glynn County, it is situated in the South East part of Georgia: bounded on the N.E. by the Altamaha River (or Alatamaha muddy water) E.S.E. by the Atlantic, and St. Andrews Sound; which seperates [separates] Jekyl, from Little Cumberland; south by the Little Satilla, and West by the main post road which parts it from Wayne County, crosswardly in a pretty direct line, until it reaches Browns Ferry on the Great Satilla.


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Glynn County lies betwixt [between] the longitudes of 81-30 and 81-40 West, and the latitudes of 31-23 and 30-56. North. It's breadth is supposed to be about 25 miles; its length 30 miles; containing about 11,900 acres, 4 or 5,000 thousand of which is in cultivation, embracing the Islands of St Simons, Jekyl, Colonels, Blythe, Crispan, Little St Simons, Long-Island, the Rainbow hammocks, Latham's hammocks, and the Jointers. The Population in
1810 was 2,417; slaves 2,845. In
1820, 3,418, which is an increase for 10 years of more than 1.000, at the same rate of increase even allowing the three fifths of all People of Color to supply removals, our present population may exceed 4.000; so that if we were properly Represented in the Legislature we would be entitled to two Members as the 7th Sec't. [Section] of the Constitution of the State of Georgia as amended in article 1. provides, that each County Containing 3000 persons, including three fifths of all people of Color, shall be entitled to two Members -- To return from this digression the coast of Glynn inland is a salt and brakish [brackish] marsh producing marsh grass and oysters, and the black rush and flaggs [flags] : from one to two miles broad, and extending from the South Branch of the Altamaha to the north side of St Simons Sound, and on the south side increasing in width it extends to the little Satilla; including the Jointer Island situated on a creek, emptying into Turtle River at its entrance into St Simons Sound; and Latham's hammocks also on a creek, which discharges itself into the main navigation betwi [document damaged] so called, on Jekyl Island. In front of this extensive marsh, towards the Sea is a chain of Islands before mentioned of a kind gray soil, cover [document damaged] in their natural state with Palmetto, a porous knotty pine, some hickory, a few laurel and immense live oaks and yielding on cultivation a quality of Cotton hitherto in a great repute; white flint corn, bermuda, red, yams, brimstone and spanish potatoes; every species of pulse adapted to so mild a temperature, with large groves of orange and lemons: with orchards of peach, figgs [figs], appricots [apricots], dawson plums and cherries. The principal of these Islands, are St. Simons, Jekyl, Blythe and Colonels island the two latter situated on the S.W. side of Turtle River. Cotton, corn and potatoes have been planted on Little St Simons


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the Jointers and Lathams Hammocks but owing to some unaccountable quality in the soil their culture have been for the most part neglected. On the Island of St Simons, an attempt has been made to establish a grove of Olive trees to the number of 200, which appear to be in a florishing [flourishing] condition: an effort is also made to set a live fensefence of a species of [unclear text: Crataegus ] and Cedar. The grape vine would produce in great perfection here, but for the quantity of mockbirds which devour the fruit, and the bunches being annually liable to the rot. The muscadine and small bunch grape is indigenous, and grow in great abundance and seldom rot; which may be accounted for by their bunches being produced on the tops of trees, beyond the immediate effect of moist exhalations; it may therefore be safely presumed that if our arbors were equally elevated, our vines would be less subject to disease. The West India, sago plant and Bannana [Banana] trees have become perennials in many gardens on St Simons; the pineapple plant, too, has grown luxuriently [luxuriantly] in a board frame with a sash top, and date trees have produced fruit this year; and the sweet & sour pomegranate arrives to the utmost perfection. Frederica is the port. Village, on the western side of the Island from whence the mail is conveyed to Brunswick every Saturday; it stands on a bluff formed by the south branch of the Altamaha, which is here a bold river 80 miles S.W of Savannah and 73 [unclear text: 9 ] from Washington; in longitude 81.25 west; latitude 31.13 north. About ten miles by water and eight by land, to the South of the village, the river empties into St Simons sound one of the boldest and most picturesque inlets in Georgia; with the vast Atlantic to the East; the extensive sand beach on the north end and east side of Jekyl to the south; the Lighthouse and handsomely improved plantations, with several white sand cliffs on the Southeast point of St Simons to the north, and an expansive bay to the west, which washes the very peninsular on which, Brunswick, the capital of Glynn County is situated;


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near the mouth of Turtle River, on its eastern bank; which is [deleted text: [illegible text] ] washed to a bluff sufficiently high, to secure it against an inordinate rise of tide, without laborious drayage from the warf's [wharf's] as at Savannah. The tide during the last gale did not rise here as high as at Savannah, from which Brunswick is only 95 miles in a S.S.W direction and 747 from Washington: longitude 80.10 West: latitude 31.10 North. Its Harbor is excellency, having 24 feet water on the bay and 18 feet opposite the town; with but one turn from the bar to the town which will serve as a safe guard to the ancorage [anchorage] ; it is now but a small place having two stores, a post office, with about ten or a dozen buildings. Here the courts are held and all county business transacted; until [added text: the ] last annual session of the Legislature, when our Representatives established three Election Districts, for the the more general accomodation [accommodation] of voters; one at the head of Turtle River, an other at Brunswick, and a third on St Simond Island.
The points to which your attention is called are. 1st the soil, together with the nature, quantity and quality of its produce. Along the north bank of Satilla and each side of the lower parts of Turtle River the chief river in Glynn County, is a margin of rich gray soil on a strata of mulatto clay, over a foundation of sand; as you proceed up the river and on the south bank of the Altamaha, its nature is changed to a marly loam, on a calcarious [calcareous] strata, above a foundation of blue clay: as you have the head of navigation on Turtle River and go westward, the land perceptably [perceptibly] rises to what is called the Sand Hills; which are small mounts and ridges cut by numerous rivulets and esteemed so salubrious as more Northern latitudes. In the low ground about these rivulets are to be found the Georgia Bark Tree; supposed to be equal to the Peruvian Bark in intermittent fevers, and called by a celebrated Botanist Pincknea Pubiscense, in honor of that enlightened, revolutionary Son of Carolina Major General Charles Coatsworth Pinckney; a name every southernor [southerner], should be proud to record, and every state remember with feelings of gratitude for his high minded patriotism and dauntless opposition to the French Directory!!
The quality and quantity of produce has been for two years past regulate [document damaged]


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by the extraordinary season's, rather than a [illegible text] fertility in the soil. More than 300 lbs of merchantable Sea Island Cotton is said to have been grown on acres of land in this County; but for the last two years 70 lbs per acre would perhaps exceed the average and the general produce from
1820 to
23 on St Simons is annexed in a statistical table. The corn and potatoes are equal to any in the southern States: 40 bushels of the former and 300 bushels of the latter is said to have been gathered on some plantations, in very favorable situations and season's; the annual average product then of each acre in cultivation from
1820 to
23, would be equal to $135, exclusive of fodder, pease [peas], oats, hay and pumpkins.
2d Trade and Manufactories -- The trade is chiefly in Cotton and Rice, of which between 800 and 1,000 bales of Cotton were shipped coastwise to Savannah, or by sea to Charleston the last year; when the Crops were supposed to have fallen short one half or two thirds of their former produce: the Rice crop is usually shipped in bulk to lucas's Mills, near Charleston, to be prepared for that, on an European Market; but as the Darien Steam Mill is now in operation and said to be conducted in nice order, it is probably in future the rice Planters will find it to greater advantage to encourage this State enterprize.
3d Natural History in a comprehensive sense -- The face of the Country is for the most part broken by immense swamps; [document damaged] although they have a natural vent by some creek which they help to form, they are nevertheless frequently under water; but when properly drained, become the most valuable lands in the County, and perhaps equal to any in the World: when not too high up or too far from the rivers. These swamps abound with large shingle Cypress, and will be a source of lucrative trade whenever Brunswick is patronized. The extensive Pine barrons [barrens] afford an exhaustless supply of the finest grain yellow and pitch pine; which in consequence of the Turtle River taking its rise amidst the sand hills of Wayne County and running for about 40 miles, passing through the center of the County, may be easily


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hauled to the river and rafted down to Brunswick, for the use of the navy, or exportation and the several creeks which discharge their eternally ebbing and flowing waters into Turtle River with elevated clay banks on each sid [side] will ever furnish the most permanent mill seats. The hammocks have and some will continue to grow a valuable supply of navy and Merchant ship timber. The Forests generally abound with Deer; Some Bear, Panthers or Tigers, wild cats, Turkies [Turkeys], a few grey and black Fox squirrils [squirrels], and sometimes may be seen in a dry pine barron [barren], that extraordinary animal the Pole-Cat, whose only mode of defince [defense] is the sickening perfume it throws around from the end of its shaggy tail: it is beautifully variegated with black, white and brown spots: a few small cat squirrils [squirrels] are found on St Simons and wild ducks and geese are frequenly [frequently] killed in the ponds, particularly [added text: on ] the outer Islands, which are Little St Simons, Long Island and the Rainbow Hammocks: stretching along the eastern side of St. Simons, they form a natural barrier against the sea, which renders the soil on St Simons congenial to the growth of Cotton &c [et cetera] to the very margin of the marshes or banks of the creeks which seperate [separate] the former from the latter; while on most sea islands, the eastern side is broken into sand hills and ridges, with a beach in front: so it may appear that delightful Island, has been as peculiarly favored by Natures God, as distinguished with their first military operations in the southern parts of Georgia.
The Rivers and Marsh creeks abound with oysters which form banks along their borders and prevent their washing; while the tide water brings a varied supply of fish; the most singular and valuable of these are the drumfish; when taken, will sometimes make a noise like the instrument it bears the name of; they weigh from 20 to 60 pounds and excellent oil is got from the head.
The Turtle is frequently taken of an enormous size on the sea beach at the full of the moon in May and June, when they come up to deposit their soft spherical eggs in [deleted text: [illegible text] ] sand above high water, lighly [lightly] covered over from one to two hundred, and there left to be hatched by the warm rays of the summer sun, like the alligator


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who throws up a hillock of trash and earth from three to five feet high, hardly some pond or brackish creek in which their oblong eggs are buried in circular tiers.
4th Natural Artificial Curiosities -- At Frederica is a massy and extensive rampart of earth, commencing at the northwest side of the Village, in a bend on the east bank of the river; after forming two angles, said to have been defended by crown works, it again enters the river to the southwest of the Village, embracing an area of 15 or 20 Acres: within this rampart, about pistol shot from the Northern entrenchment, is a kind of Tappy Barracks, surmounted by a turret, with two circular portholes on each side, and two embrasures in front; this turret may have been about 20 feet square, with two wings projecting from the lower story, of similar dimensions, and were no doubt used as quarters, or a hospital by General James Oglethorpe, as it is defended by an outer work of tappy, about five feet high, with embrasures at various distances, and seems to have originally enclosed the whole Garrison, leaving a passage of about 15 or 20 feet all around, it commands the lines, and has a raking position down a bold reach in the river. In the southeastern corner of this garrison or stockade fort, is a bricked well, in which, previous to the late gale [document damaged] mulberry tree had grown to a considerable size: other trees and grape vines grow in the yard and various vines for ages past have slowly [added text: climb'd [climbed] ] with their many winding branches, up its weather beaten sides, giving it the aspect of an ancient and romantic Ruin. Near the bank of the river are two water batteries on which houses are now erected; and just without the lines the east, are several ancient vaults and tombs with cut tablets; as the doors of the vaults have long since crumbled to dust, the traveler may still observe the mouldering [moldering] bones of perhaps some gallant British Officer of distinction, who may have been a terror to the predatory Spaniards in their frequent invasions of this Colony.


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In very thickly wooded parts of the Island of St Simons near Frederica, are now to be seen many ditches cut in various directions, and in a Cotton field, is a place now called Oglethorp's gardens, where the tappy foundation of a building, supposed to be a hot house may be traced, and a pale red poppy springs up annually about it; as this spot is seldom planted. Near the Lighthouse at the south point of the Island, are other tappy works of some size and curious construction; supposed to be the old guard house or lookout post: at the extreme point is a half moon battery of earth and burmuda [bermuda] grass, thrown up by the Inhabitants in the late War to defend the Inlet.
5th Internal improvements, from one period of time to an other, From
1814 to
1820 the following improvements were made; an extensive causway [causeway] and bridge was constructed across the Turtle River at the head of navigation, and a road opened from it to Fancy Bluff on Satilla neck, and two other roads on the south and north side of the river towards the Sand Hills in Wayne County; by which means the Inhabitants of that Country ship their produce, and receive their supplies from Charleston, Savannah or Darien at the head of Turtle River. Labor had been previous to this period, almost entirely performed by slaves; but machinery were introduced to facilitate the giving of cotton with a double hickory roller horse gin, of two, four, six or eight horse power, which turned out daly [daily] from 150 to 300 lbs of gined [ginned] sea Island Cotton; and with the assistance of a spiral whipper and a table let in with grate work 9 inches by 18 of [unclear text: whire ], or angular bars, a field hand can get in excellent order for market, from 40 to 100 lbs Cotton taken from the gin, and ploughs, or cultivators are now becoming more in use, carrying three furrows at the same operation. From
1820 to
25 several improvements have been completed or undertaken; three canals have been cut by the commissioners of the Island Roads through marsh points betwixt Frederica and Hog Call landing near Brunswick, to shorten and make more safe the passage to Brunswick and from thence to Darien and to expedite the [unclear text: convery ] of the mail from the latter to the former place. A road has been commenced and will be shortly passable, a cross [across] the


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Buffalo swamp, by which a more safe and direct way will be afforded (thee [the] Inhabitants who reside in the western parts of the County) to Brunswick.
6th Peculiar settlements their original and subsequent history. It is supposed the chickasahs and yamassee Indians had considerable settlements on the Islands in this country: that they were settled previous to the arrival of General Oglethorp by some tribes of Muscogee Indians is abundantly proved by the massy deposits of oyster shells on various parts of these Island so as to obstruct cultivation, and in some instances, where oysters are not now to be found in their vicinity: which may be accounted for by the more usual and continued freshets in the Altamaha for [added text: some ] ten or twenty years [document damaged] than at that period; which have destroyed those ledges of oysters, then growing on the bank of the southern mouth of that river.
Knox in his considerations on the British Empire, while acting under Secretary of State, observes that the Trustees of Georgia made wise by all former experience adopted a different plan from all their predecessors. They kept their aristocracy as well as their Legislature at home, for they made laws here, and sent them over ready cut and dry, to their settlers with their civil and military Governor General James Oglethorp; and the result was, that after continueing [continuing] in possession of the county near twenty years, and expending to the amount of fourscore thousand pounds of public and private monies, there was not a single plantation settled in the Province, when they resigned their charter: he came here with Governor Ellis, in
1758 when there was not a trader in the country who imported goods from England, except the Merchant whose first cargo came in the ship with him, and six months passed aware before an other topsail was seen. The produce of all the taxes that could be devised for the public service, fell short of £300, and the only disposable money that remained in the po [document damaged] of the Governor of the grant of Parliament was £200 yet with [document damaged] left it, to the amount of £38,000; and now the amount of taxes in Glynn County alone exceeds $12.000 nearly equal to the Provincial Tax at that time
General Oglethorp's attempt to reduce St Phillips castle at St Augustine


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gave the Spaniards such an alarm that they determined to dislodge him from Georgia; accordingly they fitted out a very considerable land and see [sea] force from the Havannah to attack him in his newly built town and newly constructed fort at Frederica; eight miles from a sound which he called St Simons, formed by the Islands of St Simons and Jekyl. When the Spanish fleet arrived in the sound, the commander of the Troops proposed they should sail directly up to the town of Frederica, or as near as the depth of water would allow them, but the Admiral would not trust his Majesty's ships in so narrow a river, and the troops about 4.000 were landed on the Island at a place where Oglethorp had constructed something of a look out post, of tappy but in which there were no men; as his whole regiment one of the best that ever was in the Kings service was with him at Frederica. Thee [The] spaniards finding no opposition at their landing, began their march immediately, but as the whole Island was covered with wood, except a few open places that had been formerly cultivated by the Indians, which are called old fields or Savannah's, and only a narrow passage cut through by way of a road to the town, they would take no cannon or baggage with them, and could only march two a breast, which gave Oglethorp time to be apprized of their rout [route], and he dispatched Serjeant Southerland with twenty men and about forty chickasahs Indians who were with him, and when he had brought to obey command, to oppose their progress by taking possession of a little Savannah which lay about four miles from the town [document damaged] now called bloody Marsh); but before Southerland's party arived [arrived] the Spaniards had already got there, and finding a little pond of fresh water in the middle of it, and they being extremely hot from the warmth of the day, their whole body sat down upon the grass to break fast, in which situation they were when the most advanced of the Southerland party discovered them. As they had proceeded with great silence, thee [the] spaniards did not hear them approach, and the skilful Serjean [skillful Sergeant] judged from their occupation he should have full time to take [deleted text: to take ] measures for attacking them by surprize [surprise] ; in the hope of throwing blame upon a superior officer, or serving the interest of a faction at home, by over-turning a minister abroad: thee [the] honest Scotsman determined to avail himself of the situation he found the Enemy in to give them a total defeat without farther consultation with his General; he accordingly distributed


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his little corps in a semi-circle cover of a thick wood, mixing the Indians among the Soldiers, and when every Man had got to his station, Southerland gave the order to fire, when the whole party passed in a volley, upon the astonished Spaniards; thee Indians at the same time setting up their war whoop, and running from tree to tree, sending in a continual running fire among them, the terror and surprize [surprise] of the Spaniards deprived them of all thoughts of resistance; their frightened imaginations represented to them all the the savages of the continent surrounding them, they therefore left their arms upon the spot and without returning a single shot, crowded into the narrow road by which they had entered the Savannah, as many as could get into it, and those who could not, ran into the thickest part of the woods and where they were hunted out by the Indians some dogs afterwards and brought in almost famished with hunger: those who got safe to the south end of the Island where they had landed, pushed off their boats stil [still] on the Beach, rowed to their ships, and were happy to find themselves safe on board again. One of their 20 gun ships had in the mean time sailed up the river, and was actually in sight of the Fort at Frederica when the troops ran away; she was instantly called back, Oglethorp seeing her put about jumped into a Canoe with a paddle in his hand calling out to his Offisers [Officers] and soldiers who were near him to come along and drive the Enemy, and actually paddled himself down the river a considerable distance in pursuit of the 20 gun ship. The Spanish fleet however got to sea without his overtaking any of them; and thus ended the expedition of that famous armada, which Oglethorp had the credit of defeating: he was not however ungrateful to Southerland for he made him a Lieutenant (Nox's Papers kindly furnished by captain Wylly) Before the disputes with the Colonies, there were [added text: many ] thousand Georgians who had no fixed or legal residence, and never desired any, they provided themselves with as many wild horses, or neat cattle as they had occasion for, and after [unclear text: tairning ] them sufficiently they put their wives, children and stuff on them and drove them through the woods, until they found a situation they liked, and there they sat down: the bark they stripped from trees made a cover for their stuff and became a temporary shelter for themselves. The gum furnished flesh, and nuts served as bread. If they greatly liked the spot, they would plant a little corn, and live on the butter and milk of their cows.


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but they seldom staid [stayed] long in a place and numbers of them were offered lands by the Governments of South Carolina & Georgia free of all charges, and exempt from all taxes for a certain number of years, and they refused the offer saying, they would be bound to no Country, or Government. (Nox's Papers)
Such was the origin and subsequent history of our settlements in general when Mr Knox made his early visit to Georgia; whose present improved and flourishing condition, should cheer up the desponding [unclear text: feelings ] of every County, to look forward to that propitious era, when a spirit of internal improvement will inspire every mind in our Legislative Body, by which they will immortalize themselves, and diffuse a lustre on their State, and confute the opinion of Montesquieu that the People of Britain will loose their liberties through the Legislative body becoming more corrupt than the Executive.
7th Academics and other schools, together with the state of learning generally. -- There is one County Academy two stories high without buildings and a neat pailing [paling] around, situated on an elevated bluff near Brunswick; supported by a landed endowment: but in consequence of the share population in its vicinity and that awful barrier to Poor school education, expensive board, it has not met the expectations of the liberal minded Gentlemen, by whose influence it was established here; in preferance [preference] to building two or more small houses in more populous parts of the County. There are howeve [however] four other private schools in various parts of the Count [County], discriminating with some zeal and success a limited means of education; but the most fearful consequences may be anticipate [anticipated] from the lamentable condition of "learning generally" which we are hopeless of ever seeing improved, until more liberally and universally patronized by the discretionary munificence of our [illegible text] and Tribunes: who we ardently hope will soon let loose the flood of intellectual eduactions [educations], that will [unclear text: rarify ], from whence the purest source of free and enlightened opinion may be drawn; for in proportion to the improved capacity of the people to comprehend and understand the extraordinary blessings they enjoy and the indefeasible Sovreignty [Sovereignty] of States; so [added text: long ] will Individual and state Rights be ably contested and eternally preserved!!
8th Various sects of Religion removed, or existing. The most numerous religious sects are the Methodist and Baptist, who have a place of worship


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at pine grove on Satilla neck, and an other [another] at Hustons on the Barrington road. A neat chapple [chapel] has been erected near Brunswick by the generous contributions of the Inhabitants, which is open to all denominations. A Protestant episcopal church with a landed endowment was commenced and afterwars [afterwards] completed by private donations on St Simons Island; but a more tolerant spirit seems now to prevail in favor of opening the doors, to the Pious clergy of every denomination, as the church has not yet been consecrated to the exclusive devotion of any.
9th Manners, habits and amusements of the people. -- The distinguishing virtues of the Inhabitants of Glynn, are hospitality to strangers and charity to the indigent and distressed, as is fully demonstrated by the number of orphans supported in private families unconnected to them; by which they will ever secure a pleasing [added text: subject ] reflection ever act creditably; which they ought to feel themselves doubly bound to do. The Planters, who in general have moderate incomes, although there are some who cultivate from 2 to 600 acres of Cotton and own as many slaves, yet live in a plain, comfortable and unostentacious [unostentatious] style; devoting much of their time to the pursuit of agriculture and the acquirement of useful knowledge, and possessing much of that republican spirit, which characterize an independent Country Gentleman.
They have fewer vices, less violent passions, and extravagant notions than those within the demoralizing influence of large and fashionable Cities. Their habits are more frugal and industrious, and they exhibit greater fortitude in the reverse of life, than those, whose overgrown incomes enable them to live in a luxurious and splendid style, devoting most their time to pleasure.
The chief amusements are hunting, forming fishing parties to the outer Islands, and hearding [herding] their Cattle in the sharing, which range during the fall and winter Months in the green Cane swamps and sunny barrons [barrens], and in short, indulging in all those inocent [innocent] pastoral occupations and sports which the free, spiritted [spirited] and healthful son's of Georgia are ever encouraged to do, by the most temperate and benign climate. --
Thus Gentlemen have I, briefly, as the several subjects would admit, attempted to elucidate the points to which your attention have been called, by the foregoing Resolution: the avowed purpose of it, corresponds


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so closely with my design; I am pursuaded [persuaded] to hope you will excuse this hurried communication and receive it at least as proof of my earnest desire to cooperate with your Honors to accomplish the laudable intentions of our Legislative Body and as a testimony of the respect and Esteem with which I am your Honors most obedient Servant.

[Signed] William Whig Hazzard To the Honorable thee [the] Justices of the Inferior Court for Glynn County

-- Approval --

Resolved that thee [the] Justices of the Inferior Court of Glynn County do approve of the above Historical and Geographical Sketch of our County, and recommend it to the particular notice of his Excellency; with the request that he would return one Printed Copy to the Clerk of this Court, to be deposited with the Archives of the County and direct another copy to the Author Colonel Wm. [William] W. Hazzard at Frederica, St Simons Island

[Signed] Francis M. Scarlett J.I.C.G.C. [Justice of the Inferior Court of Glynn County]

[Signed] C.C. Couper J.I.C.G.C. [Justice of the Inferior Court of Glynn County]

[Signed] Samuel Wright J.I.C.G.C. [Justice of the Inferior Court of Glynn County]
True Copy West Point

October 29th 1825

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