- "Thar's gold in them thar hills": Gold and Gold Mining in Georgia, 1830s-1940s
- Announcement of the Dahlonega Consolidated Gold Mining Company, Dahlonega, Ga.
- Dahlonega Consolidated Gold Mining Company
- Date of Original:
- Dahlonega Consolidated Gold Mining Company
Gold mines and mining--Georgia--Dahlonega
- United States, Georgia, Lumpkin County, Dahlonega, 34.53259, -83.98491
- Announcement of the Dahlonega Consolidated Gold Mining Company, Dahlonega, Georgia, dated 1899. This booklet details the property, equipment, and land use rights of the Dahlonega Consolidated Gold Mining Company, and serves as informational and promotional material to potential investors.
A project of the Digital Library of Georgia in association with the Lumpkin County Library, Chestatee Regional Library System as part of Georgia HomePLACE. This project is supported with federal LSTA funds administered by the Institute of Museum and Library Services through the Georgia Public Library Service, a unit of the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia.
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- Bibliographic Citation (Cite As):
- Cite as: [title of item], [title of series, if applicable], Madeleine K. Anthony Collection, Chestatee Regional Library System, Lumpkin County Branch, presented in the Digital Library of Georgia
- 64 p.
- Original Collection:
- Manuscript held by the Chestatee Regional Library System, Lumpkin County Branch, Madeleine K. Anthony Collection, box III-6, folder 7.
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- Lumpkin County Library
The Gold of Havilah
"And the gold of that land is good."
Announcement of the Dahlonega Consolidated Gold Mining Company, Dahlonega, Ga. [Georgia] Branch Offices:
MRS. J. D. ANTHONY
600 Warwick Street
Dahlonega, GA [Georgia] 30533 ] [added text: [ Note: handwritten date, top margin ] Aug. [August] 30, 1898 ]
[Note: [Note: [deleted text: R. H. Phillipson] Mrs J. D. Anthony, Dahlonega, Ga. [Georgia]]]
Gold Mining Company,
Dahlonega, Ga. [Georgia]
Residence of Captain H. D. Ingersoll,
Dahlonega, Ga. [Georgia]
DAHLONEGA CONSOLIDATED GOLD MINING COMPANY. Capital Stock, $5,000,000.00 -- Shares, $1.00 Each.
J. W. ADAMS President
C. B. PAUL Vice President
R. C. Thomson [H. C. THOMSON] Secretary and Treasurer
H. D. INGERSOLL General Manager
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
J. W. ADAMS
Chattanooga, Tenn. [Tennessee]
C. B. PAUL
President First National Bank.
FRANK G. THOMSON
Banker and Broker.
H. D. INGERSOLL
Dahlonega, Ga. [Georgia]
Resident Manager of Mines.
F. R. ADAMS
Professor Ohio Wesleyan University.
GEO. [George] H. BREYMANN
Of Breymann Bros. [Brothers], Contractors of Public Works.
R. C. THOMSON [H. C. THOMSON]
Editor Delaware Gazette.
J. G. ROSENTHAL
W. A. CHARTERS
Dahlonega, Ga. [Georgia]
Solicitor General of Georgia.
Party Panning Gold on Cane Creek, at the Barlow Mines.
"The gold is where you find it," says the miner's proverb; and truly no quest of ancient legend, of the Argonauts sailing out into the unknown in search of the Golden Fleece, or of the knights of old, riding forth to dare or die in the quest for the Holy Grail, is more wonderful than the unsung story of man's search for gold. From the time when the sacred historian said of the land of Havilah, "And the gold of that land is good," to the terrible hardships braved by the latter-day Klondiker, no peril has been sufficiently great and no privation severe enough to daunt the indomitable army of gold-seekers -- an army whose ranks are always full, though every setting sun may see them decimated by Arctic rigors or the pestilential breath of tropic jungles.
In this quest, as in many another search for hidden treasure, eagerness has often overshot the mark. To many a reader of these words the story of the discovery of gold
in northern Georgia seventy years ago, overshadowed as it was by the greater California excitement of 1849, is scarcely more than a memory. And yet for 23 years there was a mint of coinage in Dahlonega, the principal town in the Georgia gold field, at which were coined $6,106,596., and this sum is set down as less than half of the output of the field during that period -- a period in which the methods of extracting the precious metal were necessarily crude and wasteful.
Since the gold discoveries of the far West with their alluring promises, fulfilled and unfulfilled, all eyes have been turned in that direction, and investment in mining ventures has -- too often with justice -- been classed as "extra-hazardous." It is the purpose of this little handbook to demonstrate by plain facts and figures that such investments may be neither hazardous nor unprofitable; that in a field where the immense ore-body is as yet almost untouched, where fuel and water are abundant, the climate kindly, water-power [water power] costless and practically unlimited, and labor plentiful and cheap, an investment in the stock of a conservatively managed mining company may be as secure as a like amount standing to the investor's credit in his bank-book [bank book], with its earning power multiplied many times by a factor as definite as the price of gold bullion in the world's markets.
Hydraulic Working in New York Cut.
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THE DAHLONEGA CONSOLIDATED GOLD MINING COMPANY is chartered under the laws of Georgia. Its principal office is at Dahlonega, Ga. [Georgia], with branch offices in Toledo, Ohio, and Chattanooga, Tennessee. Its capital stock is $5,000,000., divided into shares of $1.00 each, full-paid and non-assessable.
The Company's land is in the 6th, 11th and 12th Civil Districts, 1st Section. Lumpkin County, Georgia; 4,585 5/6 acres owned in fee simple, 160 acres for mining rights, and 26 acres for water rights; total 4,671 5/6 acres. The titles are perfect. The property is free of incumbrance [encumbrance], with no indebtedness, floating or bonded.
The following is a general description of the Company's holdings:
The Hand Mine
Comprises Lots Nos. [Numbers] 999, 1032, 1/3 of 1051 -- 93 1/3 acres -- with a 20-stamp mill driven by water power. The mine has been worked continuously for thirty years. There are ten known veins, six in open cuts, and five intersected by a tunnel. There are also four unlocated veins opened upon the Yahoola property adjoining which doubtless continue in this property, and numerous smaller veins from 1 to 3 feet thick between those above mentioned. The Barlow veins intersect Lot 999, from which several hundred tons of rich ore have been taken.
The six exploited veins are: No. [Number] 1. Twenty feet thick, 100 yards from Hand Mill; average value of ore, $6 to $8 per ton.
No. [Number] 2. "Jackson vein," 5 feet thick, with assay values from $2.20 to $83.20 per ton, as follows: Arthur Weld, Assayer and M. E. [Mining Engineer], Milwaukee, Wis. [Wisconsin]: Ore $3.72; $4.13; $5.78, $19.84. Jones & Jones, Chemists, Denver, Colo. [Colorado]: Ore $49.60; $83.20. Concentrates $221.58. W. R. Crandall, Assayer: Ore $49.60. Concentrates $221.58.
No. [Number] 3. Sulphuret [Sulfuret] vein, 20 feet thick; averages from $5 to $6 per ton.
No. [Number] 4. "Prewhitt vein," 16 feet thick; averages from $5.50 to $6 per ton, as follows: Jones & Jones, Denver: Ore $6.80; $8; $12.71. Special samples $115.21; $115.75. Concentrates $27.69; $32; $68.73; $83.20; $85.92. Joseph Philips, Assayer and M. E. [Mining Engineer], Dahlonega: Four tests across entire vein: $4.49; $5.44; $6; $5.16. Middle part of vein $16.50.
No. [Number] 5. "Knight vein," 16 feet thick, averaging: Ore $6 to $11.. and concentrates $89 to $361.72, as follows: H. G. Torrey, Assayer U. S. Mint: 200 lbs. [pounds] Ore $7.22 per ton. Cencentrates [Concentrates] $361.72. Five-ton lots, milled and free gold extracted and concentrates treated by chlorination by A. Thies, Lancaster, S. C. [South Carolina], yielded $7.75 per ton of ore and $50. per ton of concentrates. Jones & Jones, Denver: Ore $5.20; $5.40; $42.40. Concentrates $225.71; $256. Joseph Philips, Dahlonega: Average of entire vein, Ore $6.10; $11.87. Concentrates $136; $203.60. A. S. Mitchell, Assayer, Milwaukee: Average of ore from bottom of Knight shaft, $22.86. Average 15 feet across vein, $6.70. Special samples, Ore $12.61; $78.88; $83.30; $130; $115.40. Concentrates $48.37; $72.46; $229.26. E. E. Burlingame, Assayer, Denver: Average 8 feet across vein. 50 feet down, $16.11. T. B. Schultze, Chemist, Cleveland, O. [Ohio]: Average across entire vein, Ore $6.17. Concentrates $54.40; $142.40; $337.60
No. [Number] 6. "Antonia vein," 35 feet thick, averaging, Ore $4 to $6, and concentrates $50 to $91.76, as follows: Jones & Jones: 500 lbs [pounds] ore, $9.20 per ton. A. S. Mitchell: 200 lbs. [pounds] ore, $4 per ton. Joseph Philips: Two tests across vein [unclear text: - one] $4 per ton, the other $8 per ton. Concentrates $97.70 per ton.
Total thickness of vein matter from [illegible text] 1 to 6, 115 feet. To this should be added four veins [unclear text: cut by] a tunnel driven between the Knight and Antonia veins having an average thickness of 27 feet, and four veins worked on the Yahoola property adjoining, aggregating 50 feet, making a grand total of 192 feet of vein matter.
The Yahoola Mine
Comprises lots Nos. [Numbers] 1031, 1052 and 1053 -- 120 acres -- and a 20-stamp mill driven by water-power [waterpower]. The mine has been worked continuously for 30 years. It joins the Hand property on the northeast, and reference to the map will show that the veins on each doubtless extend into the other, though the workings upon the two properties thus far have not been upon the same but upon parallel veins. The four veins worked by open cut on this property are: No. [Number] 1. The "Yahoola," 10 feet thick. Value of ore $6.25; and of concentrates ( H. G. Torrey, Assayer, U. S. Mint,) $192.23.
No. [Number] 2. McAfee vein, 20 feet thick; assaying as follows: Joseph Philips: 8 feet of vein $12.; 7 feet $8.60; 2 feet $24. Special samples $70.20; $72.20; $74.; $119.60. Concentrates $104.70; $107.20; $192.20; $407. T. B. Schultze: Ore $2.; $2.40; $7.20; $70.40; $72.40. Concentrates $39.20; $71.20; $500.80.
No. [Number] 3. 2 feet thick, 15 feet from McAfee; tested as follows: Joseph Philips: Ore $10.40; $19.60; $25.20. T. B. Schultze: Ore $5.20. Concentrates $35.20.
No. [Number] 4. Benning vein, 18 feet thick. Tests: Joseph Philips: Ore 40 c [cents]; $10.; $10.40. T. B. Schultze: Ore $4.60; $4.80. Concentrates $27.20. H. G. Torrey: Concentrates $39.27.
Aggregate thickness of four veins, 50 feet.
[unclear text: The] Findley Mine
Comprises lots Nos. [Numbers] 1047, 1048, 1049, 1087, of 1096, of 1097 in fee simple, and mineral rights in 1034 -- total 240 acres -- and a 40-stamp mill driven by water-power [waterpower]. It has been worked continuously for 20 years. The ore-body consists of two similar parallel veins separated by 30-foot wall. Total thickness, so far as known is 55 feet, though the wall of one vein has never been reached. Average value $3. per ton. There are numerous rich chimneys as shown below. (1) Sand vein, 6 feet thick, with average value of $4. per ton.
(2) Cement vein, 14 feet thick. Tests: Arthur Weld: Ore $7.29; $148.72; $190.70. Jones & Jones: Ore $83.34: $192.24.
(3) Deadhorse vein, 20 feet thick. Tests: Joseph Phillips: Ore $3.40; $7.30. T. B. Schultze: Ore $7.20; $8. Concentrates $102.40.
(4) Findley shute [chute], a six-foot arm of ore worked 350 feet vertically and $275,000 taken out.
(5) Ingersoll vein, 6 feet thick. Average value $15. per ton.
Across the Yahoola river from the Findley mill is the Evans vein, 4 feet thick, which has been worked down to water level. Average values: Ore $13 to $15. Concentrates $70.
Including the Evans vein the aggregate thickness of the known and worked ore-bodies on this property is 59 feet.
The Lawrence Mine
Is situated in the center of Dahlonega, comprising of lot 928, 27 acres; of lot 951, 30 acres -- total 47 acres extending nearly mile on the strike of the vein -- with a 10-stamp mill driven by water from Hand canal. In the mill is a shaft 50 feet deep sunk on the vein which averages 2 feet in thickness, and is sulphuretted [sulfuretted] to the amount of 10 per cent [percent]. The last sample taken from bottom of shaft assayed $37.20 per ton. On this property is located the laboratory assay office of the Company.
Mouth of Findley Tunnel.
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Upper Cane Creek Mine
Comprises lots Nos. [Numbers] 748, 793 -- 80 acres. There is one vein from 2 to 3 feet thick which averages $20. per ton, several small veins, and a rich placer deposit worked on a small scale with profit.
Lower Cane Creek Mine
Comprises lots Nos. [Numbers] 818, of 817 -- 70 acres -- through which the Findley or black belt runs. Sufficient prospecting has been done to show that there is a large ore-body, but no development work has been done or tests made.
The Barlow Mine
Comprises lots Nos. [Numbers] 658, 672, 673, 674, 675, 676, 726, 727, 728, 743, 745, 746, 747, 794, 795, 797, 798, of 744 -- 670 acres. It has been worked upwards of 30 years, and has yielded a large amount of gold. At present there are two 10-stamp mills, one driven by water from the Hand canal, the other from Cane Creek. The principal working has been in the saprolite formation, which is about 150 feet wide, and extends for a distance of 2 miles. In addition to numerous small rich veins there are: (1) Doghead Vein, 6 feet thick, worked to a depth of 36 feet. Tests: Jones & Jones: Ore $677.60; $735. Van Schultz & Low: Ore $56.; $20.; $104.; $130. Arthur Weld: Ore $432.; $744.; $950.; $1025.; $1100. A. Thies: Ore $256.80; $379. E. E. Burlingame: Ore $146.05. A. S. Mitchell: Ore $4.91; $6.88; $146.15. Joseph Philips: Ore $195.70; $800.20.
(2) This vein is 2 feet thick with an average value of $4. per ton.
(3) Ogle vein, 2 to 3 feet thick. Tests show average of $20. per ton.
(4) Haney belt, 20 feet wide. Six rich shutes [chutes] developed thus far, 5 feet in length, 4 feet wide, and about 20 feet
apart. Assay by Joseph Philips across one of these shutes [chutes]; Ore $116.20; Concentrates $9128. Between the shutes [chutes] the ore is poor.
(5) Lawrence vein, 2 to 3 feet thick is substantially same as shown at Lawrence mine, where it has been worked more extensively than on the Barlow.
The Ralston Mine
Comprises lots Nos. [Numbers] 741, 742, 799 -- 120 acres. This property adjoins the Barlow on the south.
The Gordon Mine
Is a continuation of the Barlow belt, and the veins are small but very rich. A 2-foot vein at a depth of [unclear text: 55] feet assayed $31.10; at 60 feet, $78.58. The Gordon property comprises lots Nos. [Numbers] 602, 659, 671, 730, -- 160 acres.
Ward Creek Mine
Comprises lots Nos. [Numbers] 1128, 1151, 1162 -- 120 acres. The mine is 3 miles from Dahlonega. It has been exploited and sufficient ore developed to warrant the erection of a mill.
Undeveloped Mining Lots
These lots are in the heart of the mining belt, and doubtless have as many and as good gold veins upon them as those now in production. Their numbers are 605, 606, 607, 654, 655, 656, 789, 822, 926, of 796, of 814, of 815, of 865, of 866, of 867 and the mineral rights in 986 -- 560 acres.
Iron Ore Property
Of the Company comprises lots Nos. [Numbers] 1224, 1225, 1226, 1296, of 1295 in the 11th district, and lots 514, 537, 652, 681, 682,
824 in the 12th district -- 410 acres. There are two veins of iron ore of a superior quality, 5 to 8 feet thick. One vein is hematite, and the other magnetite. Assays by Dr. Pratt, of Atlanta, Ga. [Georgia], are as follows: Hematite Ore: Iron Oxide 98.71 per cent [percent].
Silica 1.01 percent.
Metallic Iron 69.10 percent.
Phosphorus, Sulphur [Sulfur], Titanic Acid, none.
Magnetite Ore: Magnetic Oxide 95.42 per cent [percent].
Metallic Iron 69.08 percent.
Silica 4.25 percent.
Phosphorus, Sulphur [Sulfur], Titanic Acid, none.
THE ETOWAH CANAL: --
Upon which there has been expended $30,000. is 18 miles long, carries 600 miners' inches of water, is 5 or 6 miles from the Hand canal, and can be connected therewith at an expenditure of $6,000. If desirable, it can be carried above the Hand canal, delivering water 20 feet higher at the mines. By the employment of the "dry process" the water will not be needed in working the mines, but it can be sold on the completion of the canal at the rate of 8 c. [cents] an inch. The land appertaining is lots 307, 309, 316 -- 160 acres each -- and 10 acres of 308; total 490 acres in the 6th district, 1st section. Since purchasing lot 307, a sulphuret [sulfuret] vein, 2 to 3 feet wide, and assaying over $20. per ton, has been discovered and opened upon it. It is about 12 miles from Dahlonega.
THE HAND CANAL: --
Constructed soon after the war at a cost of $500,000., is 40 miles long. It will furnish 1,000 to 1,200 miners' inches of water -- the equivalent of 700 H. P. [horsepower] The right of way is legally secured to the Company under an Act of Eminent Domain from the State of Georgia. The land appertaining is lots 1127, of 1107, 20 acres of 1126, 1058, aggregating 120 acres; 11th district, 1st section.
SAW MILL [SAWMILL] AND TANNERY : --
There is a 24-vat tannery, with scrubbing, drying and finishing room; a sawmill, planer, shingle and moulding machine -- all driven by a Hunt low-pressure wheel. The land appertaining is lots 1, 10, 76, 77, 85, 136, 140, 146, 148, 155, 201, 207, 214, 219, 220, 222, 264, 265, 271, 280, 282, 284, 285, 294, 349, 350, 363, 370, 419, 421, 430, 431, 1/8 of 70, 26 acres of 272, aggregating 1311 acres, 12th district, 1st section. This acreage is heavily timbered with oak, walnut, cherry, hickory, ash, poplar and pine.
View of the Giant at Work in the Prewitt Cut Hand Mine.
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GOLD MINING PROFITABLE.
A few comparisons will best illustrate the Company's expectancy of profit.
THE HOMESTAKE MINES: --
In South Dakota are capitalized at $12,500,000. From June 1, 1897, to May 1, 1898, 400 stamps were run continuously, with 140 stamps added in May. The earnings were: Ore mined and milled, 548,390 tons.
Bullion recovered $2,505,070 00
Expense: Coal $157,174 24
Wood 61,457 50
Water 109,500 00
Labor 735,480 92
Sundries 216,619 81
Gross profit $1,225,037 53
Disbursed as follows:
Deadwork and general improvements $185,529 95
Lumber for new buildings, etc. [et cetera] 17,751 88
New machinery 105,623 24
Purchases of additional land 117,529 95
Dividends to stockholders and surplus in treas'y [treasury] 798,602 51
Dividends January 1, '98, to September 26, '98, $448,500. Total dividends since organization in 1878, $6,993,750. Average value of ore per ton, $4.58. It contains 3 to 5 per cent [percent]. of sulphides [sulfides] valued at $5 to $8 per ton. Coal, wood and water per ton of ore treated, $0.596; labor $1.159. Total cost per ton $1.755. Average labor rate, $3 per day.
THE ALASKA-MEXICAN MINE: --
In Alaska, is capitalized at $1,000,000. The workings are 110 to 917 feet deep; average value of ore, $2.31 per ton; of concentrates, $31.18. Cost of mining and milling with water power, $1.47 per ton. Average labor rate, $3 per day. Thirty per cent [percent]. of the ore value is in the sulphides [sulfides].
Dividends January 1, '98, to September 20, '98, $72,000. Total dividends since organization, $321,381.
Earnings of the mill for July and August '98, were:
July -- Ore mined and milled, 13,627 tons; gold recovered, $32,368, an average of $2.38 per ton. Cost of mining and milling, $19,996, $1.47 per ton. Net earnings, $12,367.
August -- Ore mined and milled, 13,837 tons; gold recovered, $29,872, an average of $2.16 per ton. Cost of mining and milling, $19,642, or $1.42 per ton. Net earnings, $10,230.
THE ALASKA-TREADWELL MINE: --
At Douglass Islands, Alaska, is capitalized at $5,000,000. Depth of principal workings, 220 feet. Value of ore per ton, $2.3165. For the year ending May 31, '98, 254,329 tons of ore were mined and milled, at a cost of $0.5949 for mining, $0.3708 for milling, $0.109 for chlorinating sulphurets [sulfurets], $0.2129 for supplies; total cost per ton, $1.2031. Bullion recovered, $589,149. Profits from store, $29,909. Average labor rate, $2.50 per day and board. Value of concentrates, $44.33 per ton. 240 stamps in operation, with 300 more to be added at once. Dividends January 1 to August 20, '98, $300,000. Total dividends since organization, $3,625,000.
THE DEADWOOD-TERRA MINES: --
In South Dakota are capitalized at $5,000,000. Average value of ore $1.60 per ton, mined and milled at a cost of 44 c. [cents] per ton for wood, water and coal, and $3. per day for labor. Dividends Jan. 1st to Aug. 20th '98, $30,000. Total dividends since organization $1,350,000.
THE MERCUR GOLD MINE: --
At Mercur, Utah, is capitalized at $5,000,000. Ore mined and milled in 1897, 87,413 8/10 tons. Bullion recovered, $487,033.66 -- $5.57 per ton. The ore was hauled 11 miles to mill and was treated at total expense of $2.575 per ton, 35 c. [cents] of which was for hauling. Net profit, $261,815.13. Dividends for the year, $311,000. Dividends January 1 to December 1, '98, $355,000. Total dividends since organization, $1,241,000.
THE NEW CHUM CONSOLIDATED MINE: --
At Bendigo, Victoria, Australia, is worked in $4 ore at a depth of 1800 feet. The cost of mining and milling is $3.22 per ton, and yet the 78 c. [cents] margin of profit provides for a substantial dividend to stockholders.
These quotations from the official reports of successful gold mining companies sufficiently demonstrate the soundness of investments in the business of gold mining In each instance cited the conditions are unfavorable; fuel, water and labor costly, and in two cases the climate well-nigh prohibitory. The reverse of these conditions prevails upon the property of the Dahlonega Consolidated Gold Mining Company. The ore supply in sight, accessible above water level, is sufficient for years to come; its values -- as will be presently shown -- are higher than those given above; water
and water-power [waterpower] are abundant and free of cost; the climate is mild and equable, and the labor rate is so low that in this single item the Homestake Mines, if operated at Dahlonega, would have effected a saving of $490,320.62 during the year ending June 1, 1898. Or, if the cost of wood, water and coal be taken into consideration, the total saving would have been $803,452.36, an amount nearly equal to the total income of the Homestake properties for the year cited.
Apart from the favorable economical conditions, the ore values of the Dahlonega Consolidated Gold Mining Company's properties are considerably in excess of those given in the examples above quoted.
Homestake Mines $4 58 per ton.
Alaska-Mexican 2 31 per ton.
Alaska-Treadwell 2 3165 per ton.
Deadwood-Terra 1 60 per ton.
Mercur 5 57 per ton.
New Chum 4 00 per ton.
DAHLONEGA, average of all tests (excluding special samples) by workings now in operation:
Hand Mine 6 29 per ton.
Yahoola Mine 11 41 per ton.
Findley Mine 4 85 per ton.
Lawrence Vein 21 90 per ton.
Barlow Mine 23 70 per ton.
Dam Across the Yahoola River.
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It is proposed to enlarge and improve the various plants on the Company's property as follows: To increase the number of stamps on the Findley from 40 to 100; to erect a new 100-stamp mill upon the Hand and Yahoola; to consolidate the two 10-stamp mills on the Barlow into one of 20 stamps; to equip all of these plants with concentrating apparatus; and to erect on the Hand property a chlorinating plant for the treatment of concentrates from all the workings.
With these improvements completed, the subjoined is an exceedingly conservative estimate of the earnings of the Company: FINDLEY MILL : -- 100 stamps: --
Capacity per day, 200 tons; average value of ore, say $3 per ton $600 00
Cost of mining and milling, $1 per ton 200 00
Net income per day $400 00
HAND AND YAHOOLA MILL : -- 100 stamps:
Capacity per day, 200 tons; average value of ore, say $5 per ton $1,000 00
Cost of mining and milling, $1.25 250 00
Net income per day 750 00
LAWRENCE MILL : -- 10 stamps: --
Capacity per day 20 tons; average value of ore, say, $6. per ton $120.00
Cost of mining and milling $2.50 per ton 50.00
Net income per day $70.00
BARLOW MILL : -- 20 stamps: --
Capacity per day, 40 tons; average value of ore, say $6 per ton $240 00
Cost of mining and milling, $2 per ton 80 00
Net income per day $160 00
Sale of 500 miners' inches surplus per day at 8 c. [cents] $40 00
Merchandizing and other sources 50 00
Net income per day $90 00
Total net income per day $1,510 00
Total net income per annum, 300 days $453,000 00
In making this estimate the ore values have been divided by a generous factor of safety, as will be seen. The Company's plan is to operate the property upon the most conservative basis, making the enterprise strictly an industrial one; and with this end in view the statements herein made have been kept well within the boundaries of fact. Dahlonega is easy of access; the journey thereto can be made at slight expense; and intending investors are cordially invited to come and see for themselves.
The policy of the Company is to pay monthly dividends to its stockholders as often as the funds in the treasury will allow, after first providing for operating expenses and such improvements as may be deemed to be the best interests of the Company.
REPORTS OF TESTS MADE BY H. G. TORREY, ASSAYER U. S. MINT, WASHINGTON. D. C. [District of Columbia]
GENTLEMEN: -- Please find enclosed a copy of the assays reported to you January 21st. These were from samples taken from seven different localities upon your property at Dahlonega, Ga. [Georgia] These samples were concentrated before asaying [assaying], and, exclusive of Nos. [Numbers] 1 and 6, we think that about 50 parts were concentrated to 1; so that the results should be divided by 50 to give the proper assay of the original ore.
This gives $7.22 per ton. It must be remembered that this is the value of the free gold together with the gold combined in the sulphides [sulfides].
After taking our samples we left instructions to have five-ton lots taken out and put through the stamps. This was done, and the tailings from these lots were concentrated on an Imlay concentrator, and seven samples aggregating 1,721 pounds were sent to Captain A. Thies, Manager of the Haile Gold Mine, Lancaster, S. C. [South Carolina], to be treated by his chlorination process. This experiment was to demonstrate, first, would the process apply to these ores, and secondly, how much gold was combined with the sulphides [sulfides] that could not be taken out by the stamp mill.
We submit a copy of the results of these tests made by Capt. [Captain] Thies.
The average of these assays is $29.52 per ton, and excluding Nos. [Numbers] 1 and 6 as being too low and coming from mines rather than open cuts, we find the average to be $38 per ton, or 75 c. [cents] per ton of the original ore used. To obtain the true value of the 23 tons in samples 2, 3 4, 5 (7 and 8), the free gold must be added to the gold obtained by chlorination.
This we find by the report from the mill test made as above stated was from the 23 tons worked $167., to which must be added 75 c. [cents] per ton from the sulphides [sulfides], which gives $17., or $7.75 per ton of the original ore.
This shows a very close result to that obtained from the samples by us, viz. [videlicet], $7.22.
Yours, etc. [et cetera],
[Signed] (Signed) TORREY & EATON
. (ENCLOSURE.) HAILE GOLD MINE, LANCASTER, S. C. [South Carolina]
No [Number] 1. 93 lbs. [pounds] 15.3 pr. ct. [percent] 6.5 grs. [grams] $ 5.82
No. [Number] 2. 80 lbs. [pounds] 15.0 pr. ct. [percent] 2 dwt. [pennyweights] 50 00
No. [Number] 3. 91 lbs. [pounds] 10.0 pr. ct. [percent] 1 dwt. [pennyweight] 23 grs. [grams] 43.04
No. [Number] 4. 77 lbs. [pounds] 8.0 pr. ct. [percent] 1 dwt. [pennyweight] 18 grs. [grams] 45.45
No. [Number] 5. 136 lbs. [pounds] 25.5 pr. ct. [percent] 1 dwt. [pennyweight] 11 grs. [grams] 21.44
No. [Number] 6. 101 lbs. [pounds] 12.45 pr. ct. [percent] 13 grs [grams], 17.72
No. [Numbers] 7 and 8. 192 lbs. [pounds] 21.40 pr. ct. [percent] 1 dwt. [pennyweight] 13 grs. [grams] 30.28
[Signed] (Signed) A. THIES.
The following is our report of the assays of concentrates from the samples taken by us December 20th: Marked:
No. [Number] 1. Lawrence $18 60 per ton
No. [Number] 2. Knight Cut 361 72 per ton
No. [Number] 3. Hand Cut -- nearest mill 1,126 51 per ton
No. [Number] 4. Barlow Shaft 14 46 per ton
No. [Number] 5. Barlow Cut 115 75 per ton
No. [Number] 6. Benning 39 75 per ton
No. [Numbers] 7 and 8. Yahoola 192 23 per ton
No. [Number] 9 Tailings from Barlow Mill 82 per ton
No. [Number] 10. Tailings -- Barlow Shaft 32 24 per ton
No. [Number] 11. Free milling -- Barlow 14 46 per ton
According to the assays of the concentrates (the free gold and the gold in the sulphides [sulfides] together),. as shown in the samples taken, give $499 per ton.
[Signed] (Signed) H. G. TORREY.
Barlow Cut Made with Hydraulic Giant.
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REPORT ON THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OF THE DAHLONEGA CONSOLIDATED GOLD MINING COMPANY. By G. F. Rendall, M. E. [Mining Engineer], Liverpool, England.
GENTLEMEN: -- The properties in question lie in and around Dahlonega, Georgia, U. S. A. Forty years ago Prof. [Professor] Blake, of Yale College, was sent to report on the gold field and water power [waterpower] available. He considered this the largest and most uniform deposit of gold in America, and a company was formed in Boston with a capital of $1,000,000.
This company purchased what is now known as the Hand property, but before work began the Civil War broke out. During the war the Boston men lost confidence and Mr. Hand purchased the bulk and subsequently the entire stock of the company, and was for years engaged in developing the gold fields, building ditches, damming the rivers, and constructing roads.
In Lumpkin county the principal streams are the Yahoola river, Cane creek and the Etowah river, all flowing into the Chestatee river. The Yahoola canal, taken from high up the Yahoola river, furnishes in and around Dahlonega 1,200 to 1,500 miners' inches of water at a head of 301 feet. Cane Creek, where it crosses the belt, furnishes good mill power. The Etowah river is a fine mill stream, and the water from its head, joining the Hand canal below Dahlonega, furnishes 2,000 miners' inches with a head of 300 feet. To more completely control this water Mr. Hand obtained a charter, and what is known as a "right of eminent domain" from the state of Georgia. This charter gives a right-of-way for, and possession of, the waters of Cane Creek and the Yahoola River; and another charter has since been granted for the water of the Etowah river, the only possible waters that can be used for this section of the country. The right is of inestimable value; it is binding forever, and is open to no litigation. The first canal constructed by the original company is known as the "Old Hand" canal.
This canal begins in lot 1107, where a substantial dam forms the reservoir. This canal is 3 feet deep, 5 feet wide at the bottom, and 7 feet 6 inches at the top. The grade is 4 feet to the mile, and it carries when full 1,500 miners' inches of water. The soil through which it runs is a heavy red clay forming an absolute water-tight embankment. The total length from the dam to the Barlow mine is about 32 miles, and there are about 15 miles of branches. The country traversed by this canal is mountainous, and many obstacles had to be overcome. The first of these was a deep open cut which gave trouble from caving. To obviate this Mr. Hand constructed a tube 1,200 feet in length to carry the water. Other obstacles were two ravines, one of which was crossed by an inverted syphon [siphon], and the other avoided by extending the canal around it.
A second open cut necessitated a tube 800 feet long. A long low depression that could not be avoided had caused
the construction of a flume over a mile long. This Mr. Hand replaced by a wooden tube.
About 1 mile above the town of Dahlonega the canal crosses the Yahoola river. To carry it an enormous tressel had been constructed, costing $100,000. This Mr. Hand removed, substituting an inverted syphon [siphon] 3 feet in diameter, made of wrought iron and 3/8 inches thick, built in 21-foot lengths, with wrought joints leaded. The total cost was $100,000.
Above Dahlonega the canal divides, some water going to the old Hand mill. and some to the Barlow and Pigeon Roost mines. To carry water to the Barlow, Cane Creek has to be crossed. This necessitates another long syphon [siphon] made of wrought iron boiler plate, 24 inches in diameter, and capable of carrying 800 to 1,000 miners' inches of water.
Reservoirs are provided for each mine. Every portion of the work has been executed with foresight, care and judgment in the most permanent manner. To recapitulate: This canal extends over 37 miles: it contains 8,600 feet of wooden tubing, 4,800 feet of iron pipe, 2,500 feet of which is 24 inches in diameter. It is provided with flood gates, overflows, ladders, everything in the most complete order. At a low estimate it required the excavation of 5,000,000 cubic feet of earth, and the blasting of thousands of tons of rock.
The Etowah Canal
The great success attending the first water system induced Mr. Hand to obtain a charter and purchase the right for the waters of the Etowah River. The canal was completed only to Cane Creek, where it now empties and gives additional water for mill power to the Barlow and other mills. When completed, this canal and the Hand canal will join above the Barlow mine, furnishing in all 2,000 miners' inches of water at a head of 300 feet.
The Etowah Canal is 21 miles long, and when completed will be 25. Its capacity is 800 miners' inches, and it is constructed in the same substantial manner as the Hand canal. It is 3 feet 6 inches deep 3 feet 6 inches wide at the bottom, and 4 feet 6
inches wide at the top. It is puddled with clay, the banks solid and substantial, and sluices and overflows are provided where necessary. The grade is 6 feet to the mile.
In its course the canal had to be twice carried over the Etowah River, and once over Cane Creek. Substantial wrought iron 24 inch syphons [siphons] are employed. The length of the first syphon [siphon] over the Etowah River is 1900 feet; the second over Cane Creek is 600 feet, and that which crosses the Etowah the second time is 900 feet.
To complete this system a long syphon [siphon] is necessary, and 4 miles of canal remain to be dug; this will empty the water into the Hand canal. At a small comparative cost the water supply can be doubled by enlarging the canal and laying syphons [siphons] parallel to those now laid; for this provision has been made.
The question of value of these canals can be considered in different ways. The cost of construction alone, without the right of way, has been, at a low estimate, not less than $500,000. With rental sales on 1,500 inches only, the canals will earn 6 per cent [percent]. on $900,000; and if all of the water were sold, 7 per cent [percent]. on $1,000,000.
An estimate of $1,000,000 is entirely reasonable for this water system, and it can be made to pay 10 per cent [percent]. upon that investment.
[Signed] G. F. RENDALL, M. E. [Mining Engineer]
McAfee Cut, Yahoola Mine -- View Twenty Feet Wide.
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REPORT UPON THE PROPERTIES OF THE DAHLONEGA CONSOLIDATED GOLD MINING COMPANY Dahlonega, Lumpkin County, Georgia, by Arthur Weld, M. E. [Mining Engineer], Milwaukee, Wis [Wisconsin].
This property is situated in the 5th, 11th, 12th districts of the first section of the State of Georgia, -- (chiefly in the 12th district) and consists of 4,671 5-6 acres of land, about 120 quarter-acre lots in the town of Dahlonega, 6 gold mills aggregating 110 stamps, 1 saw mill [sawmill], 1 grist mill [gristmill], 1 tannery, 1 chemical laboratory and assay office, 6 water-powers [waterpowers] aggregating about 500 H. P. [horsepower] and about 45 miles of ditch carrying, according to the season, from 800 to 1,200 miners' inches of water.
There are about 30 dwellings, and also a considerable amount of machinery, besides that in active use in the mills already enumerated.
The Water Supply.
Assuming the average capacity of the canal to be 1,000 miners' inches (which is equivalent to 12,000 gallons per minute) it represents an amount of power which would be of the greatest value at any and all times. Consequently, if in the future it might be deemed advisable to discontinue the present method of mining, (the hydraulic) for some other system, the value of this artificial water course [watercourse] for various other purposes would be in no wise diminished.
In the preliminary recapitulation no mention was made of the Etowah canal, as this canal is not entirely completed. It will require about $6,000 to finish this work and it will increase the supply of canal water by a minimum of 600 miners' inches (the equivalent of 7,200 gallons per minute.) About 20 miles of this canal are completed.
The minimum capacity of the two canals combined would be 1,400 miners' inches, with an average of 1,800 miners' inches. Used as horse-power [horsepower] alone, this would represent at least 900 H. P. [horsepower] If, however, the mere commercial value of the water for ordinary mining purposes were considered, it may be noted that if the waters were sold to local miners at a low rate, say 8 c. [cents] per inch for the day of 24 hours, the canal might be made to produce an income of $144.00 per day.
Aside from the canal, 5 other water-powers [waterpowers] belong to the property. These are the dam on the Yahoola with a minimum of 60 H. P. [horsepower], 1/3 of which belongs to the Mary Henry Mining Company; the dam above the Yahoola mill on the Yahoola river with a minimum of 60 H. P. [horsepower], from which both the Yahoola and Hand mills are driven; the dam on the same river at Findley mill, also 60 H. P. [horsepower]; the dam on Cane Creek above the Barlow mill, about 75 H. P. [horsepower]; the dam at
Findley Mill, Water Power and Extension Ore Body in Findley Ridge.
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Jay, where the saw mill [sawmill], grist mill [gristmill] and tannery are situated, on the Etowah River, 100 H. P. [horsepower]
It will thus be seen that as far as cheap power is concerned the property in question is exceptionally well supplied and possibilities for almost any kind of manufacturing, even without interfering with the mining operations, are easily within hand.
There is a 20-stamp mill situated on the Yahoola river at the most northerly point of the Company's gold mining operations. To avoid needless repetition in future, it may be said that here, as well as in all the mills, the stamps are of 450 pounds weight. The use of the light stamps is the result of experience in this section, as it was formerly the custom to use stamps of the standard Western weight, but the extremely friable material could not be fed fast enough to keep the shoes off the dies.
For the same reason all the mills in this section are fed by hand, as no self-feeder could possibly handle the class of material which the nature of the ores combined with the transportation by water delivers at the mills. But the low wages in this locality make hand-feeding inexpensive, while it is well admitted that when performed by careful and experienced men the results are even better than the performances of the best self-feeders. In this connection it may be mentioned that one man feeds two batteries with ease, consequently in a 20-stamp mill only two men are required on each shift, of whom one in immediate charge receives $1.00 per day of 12 hours, and his associate 90 c. [cents]
The Yahoola Mill is driven by a Hunt turbine in excellent condition, 3 feet in diameter, capable of furnishing a minimum of 35 H. P. [horsepower]
The mine consists, firstly, of a large open quarry containing very large deposits of ore varying in assay value from $3.00 to $9.50. It may be noted here, that with no better tool than an ordinary "bumping table
$70.00 concentrates have been made in this mill from an average run of ore from this open quarry. In addition to the quarry there is a large amount of virgin surface and several tunnels and shafts, all of which have developed excellent material.
The water supply for piping and sluicing is drawn from a branch of the main canal 2 miles in length, which also supplies the Hand and Lawrence mines. Here, as at all the other mines in this district, no mine water is used for battery purposes In most cases the battery water is drawn directly from the dam, or is conducted to the mill from neighboring branches, thus entirely avoiding the use of mine water.
There is one house on this property close to the mill for the use of the mill men.
The Hand Mill.
Half a mile lower down the Yahoola river from the Yahoola mill is situated the Hand Mill -- a 20-stamp mill in first class condition, which has run uninterruptedly for upwards of 20 years. It is driven from the same dam and canal as the Yahoola by a Wilder turbine, 26 inches in diameter, with a capacity of 30 H. P. [horsepower] minimum.
The mine consists of a large open cut, and numerous tunnels, one of which, a prospecting tunnel less than 100 feet long, was cut on veins aggregating a width of ore amounting to over 40 feet. At the mouth of this tunnel is an inclined shaft driven to prospect one of these veins and a 12-foot overshot wheel stands at this point for the purpose of pumping this or other shafts in the neighborhood. The ores vary in value from $2.00 to $20.00, and concentrates have been made running to $150.00, and in one case to over $1,000.00. There are a number of extraordinarily rich shutes [chutes] on this property, one of which recently opened repeatedly gave assays of upwards of $700.00. At the same time it must be remembered that these shutes [chutes] are small, while the deposits of low grade ore, say of a value of $3.00 to $4.00, are very large. There are several large "soft belts"
on this property which are taken down with perfect ease by the pipe alone and which are rich in coarse gold.
On one of these lots No. [Number] 999, there is a very large deposit or virgin surface accessible to piping water from the canal and within easy reach of the mill by a line of sluice boxes. Attached to the mill is a blacksmith's shop furnished with the necessary tools for ordinary repairs.
There are five houses on the property.
The Findley Mill.
About 1 mile lower down the Yahoola river is situated the Findley mine and mill, unquestionably one of the most desirable properties in the South. The mill is a 40-stamp mill in the best of condition, 20 of the stamps being entirely new. It is driven from a 17-foot dam by a 23-inch Leffel turbine furnishing 60 H. P. [horsepower] The high, steep hill, rising abruptly above the mill, has always been considered as the heart of the Georgia gold belt. On the hill is situated the celebrated "Findley Shute [Chute]," a wonderfully prolific pocket vein from which alone at least $200,000.00 have been taken out and which does not appear to be exhausted. The hill is also pierced by 4 extensive tunnels and several shafts. There is vast virgin surface and a great number of veins, the latter averaging $5.00 to $10.00 in value, with ore in sight at the present writing for many years to come.
At this point stands a duplex pumping engine of entirely new construction, which driven by water furnishes 600 gallons per minute at an elevation of 463 feet. Using the head of 285 feet as a power, the pump forces 50 per cent [percent]. of the water delivered to the above elevation. The mine is thus more than amply supplied with water at the extreme height of the hill, and at an expense ridiculously small in comparison with what the same result would cost if obtained by the use of steam. I say "more than ample" advisedly, for herein lies an additional value of this pump. The mine does not use more than 25 per cent [percent]. of the capacity of the pump daily and consequently it is possible to furnish other neighboring mines with water under this unusually high
head at a rate much advanced over the ordinary price of canal water.
Nearly all of the ore at this point is wholly suitable for concentration, and concentrates have been made here varying in value, according to the quality of the ore, from $30.00 to upwards of $100.00.
On the lower ground, across the river from the mill, there is also a large vein called the Evans vein, suitable for deep mining, averaging in value $15.00, which gives $70.00 concentrates. Furthermore the mill pond above the dam is filled with many thousands of tons of tailings from all the mills higher up the river. Samples of these tailings have been taken at various depths, from 2 to 12 feet, and they are worth from $1.50 to $20.00, and are all suitable for treatment again. Their value is undoubtedly owing to the fact that in the course of their transportation to the present position an oft-repeated concentration has taken place.
On the western side of the Findley hill are two 40-acre lots belonging to the property called the Boyd lots, which in the course of prospecting, have showed a very rich surface, and several large veins have been located.
The upper tunnel at the Findley mine almost completely cuts the hill, its upper opening being at a point which commands the virgin surface as well as the large group of rich veins. Through the tunnel a line of boxes has been run, thus opening up a portion of the hill, and making transportation to the mill possible, in a manner otherwise impossible. In short, the mine is in every way most advantageously opened and with ore in sight for many years.
There are three houses on the property in good repair, and also a blacksmith's shop.
The Lawrence Mill.
Situated directly in the town of Dahlonega, and run by a 26-foot overshot wheel fed by a branch of the canal which traverses the town, is the Lawrence Mill -- a 10-stamp mill in excellent repair. It is further furnished with an Embrey concentrating table, hoister with wire rope, pump, etc. [et cetera]
This mine being entirely underground was abandoned by its former owners owing to the increasing presence of sulphurets [sulfurets], which, while rich, could not be worked by any means at their disposal.
There is one very good house attached to the mill.
The Barlow Mill.
Four miles below the town in a southwesterly direction, and situated in the celebrated Pigeon Roost belt, is the Barlow Mill. This was originally a 40 stamp [40-stamp] mill, but at present contains only 10 stamps, although the mill house is large enough for 60 stamps. The reason for the removal of the other stamps was that at this point, or rather at the present location of the mill, the hydraulicing method can be no longer applied, as the cut has been piped out to such a depth that the necessary fall to transport the ore to the mill is no longer available.
On the Barlow property are situated the richest deposits which have been discovered in this district, notably the so-called Doghead vein. This vein which is situated in the immediate vicinity of the mill may be described as fairly glistening with metallic gold. Few places in the U. S. have yielded more beautiful specimens than those which have been taken from an incline shaft which has only been pursued for the short distance of 36 feet. This ore, after careful and microscopical removal of visible gold, has been assayed repeatedly all the way from $100.00 to upwards of $500.00 per ton. Owing to the presence of coarse gold it is diffcult [difficult] to obtain a truly average sample and consequently it cannot be assumed that any such results could be obtained on the mill as these assays show, but the extraordinary richness of the deposit is unquestioned.
The Barlow Mill is driven by a 40-inch Hunt wheel and the water power [waterpower] is one of the best on the property, its minimum being 75 H. P. [horsepower]
There are 9 houses on this property, with a small farming lot attached.
The property between this mill and the Ralston, 2 miles below it, is considered, and rightly, to be rich in gold, the
cuts join one another and while, as already pointed out, in the Barlow cut proper the piping material has been mostly removed, yet this cut abounds in rich shutes [chutes], and even larger veins, nearly all of which would well repay individual working, even if the resultant ore had to be hauled to the nearer of the two mills.
In illustration of this, a very considerable vein was opened recently by the prospectors near the Ralston mill which assays $17.00 per ton, and which, in the opinion of the foreman, would supply a 10 stamp [10-stamp] mill for a number of years. This vein could easily be approached from the bottom of the old cut by a short tunnel and then stoped out.
The Ralston Mill.
This mill is situated on the same belt as the Barlow and about 1 miles south of it. It is a 10 stamp [10-stamp] mill in good condition and is run by a 3-foot Knight hurdy-gurdy wheel under a pressure of 50 lbs. [pounds] to the square inch -- fed from the canal through an 8 inch pipe. At present this wheel could easily furnish 40 H. P. [horsepower], and were more power desired it could be obtained by enlarging the diameter of the feed pipe. There is still an ample supply of soft belt at this point, as well as numerous smaller deposits of rich hard material. There are five houses on the property.
Saw Mill [Sawmill], Grist Mill [Gristmill] and Tannery.
Situated about 7 miles to the northwest of, and connected with Dahlonega by a daily mail is the little village of Jay, where the saw mill [sawmill], grist mill [gristmill] and tannery of the Company are located. This is one of the finest water-powers [waterpowers], if not the finest in the country, its minimum being 100 H. P. [horsepower] The saw-mill [sawmill] is thoroughly equipped for all kinds of work, being furnished with 3 circular saws, 2 cutting-off saws, 1 lazy saw, shingle machine and planer, moulding machine, etc. [et cetera], and all in perfect repair. The neighboring country is rich in timber of suitable nature for sawing. Just opposite the
river from the saw-mill [sawmill] is the tannery, the power being conveyed acros [across] the river to it by means of a wire rope from the saw-mill [sawmill]. It has 24 vats, the necessary leeches, and all other appliances, tools, etc. [et cetera] Chestnut bark is delivered at the tannery for $1.50 per cord -- and thus it would evidently be an excellent location for the manufacture of bark extract. The grist mill [gristmill] stands in a small building adjoining the saw mill [sawmill] and has a good custom. There is a small store and 5 houses attached to this property. The power is supplied by 42-inch Hunt turbine with a minimum effectiveness of 100 H. P. [horsepower] In the immediate vicinity aside from the large timber is a great quantity of second growth hickory inviting the possibility of attaching to the saw-mill [sawmill] the proper machinery for the manufacture of spokes, handles, etc. [et cetera]
Aside from the machinery already noted as in active use at the various mills, there is also a large amount of machinery on the property in good condition. Among such may be noted: At the old Gordon mine a good 50 H. P. [horsepower] engine and boiler and a 14-inch high pressure Leffel wheel with a capacity of 50 H. P. [horsepower] At the Barlow is an old style engine and boiler with a capacity of 100 H. P. [horsepower], together with a mass of shaftings, gearings, pulleys, etc. [et cetera], of every description in good condition, which resulted from the instalment [installment] several years ago of a much praised "process" which was subsequently promptly removed for stamps again. At the Findley 3 boilers and 2 force pumps. At the Ralston a 12-foot overshot wheel with 2 Rumsey force pumps (9x14 inch) a second hand 42-inch Hunt turbine in good condition, a "Perfection" bumping table, etc. [et cetera], etc. [et cetera] Also 2 first class combination dump steel ore cars, about 800 feet of track, and many thousand feet of pipe of various dimensions, from 4 feet up to 2 feet in diameter. A schedule of other pipe that is in use is appended. Situated directly in the town is a large store house filled with odds and ends of machinery and tools; in one end of which is a commodious and complete laboratory and assay office with large bullion furnace,
etc [et cetera], chemicals, apparatus, etc. [et cetera], also gold safes. Two first class levels and other surveying instruments and many other articles of usefulness in the work of mining.
There is timber of all sorts and sizes upon the property in profusion, white, black, red, turkey, post and chestnut oaks, mulberry, (satinwood), cherry, walnut, poplar, hickory (in large quantities), chestnut, ash, maple, locust, the various kinds of Southern pine, including hemlock, and indeed all varieties of timber which flourish in this section of the country. As the timber has been carefully watched and guarded many of the trees have attained extraordinary size, true veterans of the forest, and as no engines have been run hereabout since the almost universal use of water power, even those sections which were formerly more or less denuded of their growth are now covered with a vigorous growth already of considerable size.
[Signed] (Signed) ARTHUR WELD, M. E. [Mining Engineer], Member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers.
Knight Cut at the Hand Mine -- Vein Sixteen Feet Wide.
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REPORT UPON THE PROPERTIES OF THE DAHLONEGA CONSOLIDATED GOLD MINING COMPANY. At Dahlonega, Lumpkin County, Georgia, by Joseph Philips, Jr., M. E. [Mining Engineer]
This property is situated in the 6th, 11th and 12th districts of the 1st section of Georgia -- comprising in all some 4,671 5/6 acres of land, 117 quarter-acre town lots in the town of Dahlonega, 6 gold mills aggregating 110 head of stamps, 1 saw-mill [sawmill], 1 grist-mill [gristmill], 1 tannery, 1 chemical laboratory and assay office, 6 water-powers [waterpowers] aggregating about 500 H. P. [horsepower], and about 35 miles of canal carrying, usually, 1,000 miners' inches. This water (1,000 miners' in. [inches]) is delivered at the different mines at the maximum head of 230 ft. [feet] There is considerable machinery besides that now in use, and about 30 dwelling-houses.
The Water Supply.
As I have previously stated, about 500 H. P. [horsepower] can be gotten from streams flowing through or near the property, -- the water right being owned by the Company; in addition to this the water from the Hand canal represents nearly as much more.
In addition to these powers, $6,000.00 will complete the Etowah canal, which will give 600 inches of water at the same head as the Hand canal. All rights for this canal are owned by the Company. Twenty miles are already completed.
This is one of the best equipped private laboratories in the State. A complete set of chemical apparatus is provided, as well as a modern assay office, equipped with gasoline furnaces and a large bullion retorting furnace.
The Saw Mill [Sawmill], Grist Mill [Gristmill] and Tannery.
This is located 7 miles northwest of Dahlonega. The minimum power is 100 H. P. [horsepower] The saw-mill [sawmill] is equipped with 3 circular saws, 2 cutting-off saws, 1 lazy saw, shingle machine, planer, moulding machine, etc. [et cetera], all in good repair. The neighborhood abounds in timber.
The tannery is across the river from the saw-mill [sawmill], the power being conveyed by a wire rope. It has 24 vats, all necessary leeches, tools, etc. [et cetera] Bark is delivered to the mill at $1.50 per cord.
The grist mill [gristmill] adjoins the saw-mill [sawmill]. There are a store and five dwelling-houses upon the property.
The Lawrence Property.
This property is located in the town of Dahlonega, within two blocks of the court-house [courthouse]. The Company owns about of a mile along the strike of the vein.
On the property is situated the assay office, a 10-stamp mill equipped with a complete hoisting apparatus, [unclear text: Embrey] belt concentrator, etc. [et cetera] The mill is driven by a 26-ft. [foot] overshot wheel by water from the Hand canal. This water is returned to the canal before it reaches the Hand Mine, the next point where it is used, by a shunt canal 2 miles long.
More systematic and deeper (from the surface) underground work has been done on this vein than on any in the neighborhood.
Mr. Frank Moore, of this place, whose father worked the Lawrence vein from surface to water level, says that "more money was made from the 5-stamp mill on that property than on any 20-stamp mill in the district." Prof. [Professor] Torrey, of
the U.S. Mint in Washington, who made a test during Col. [Colonel] Hand's lifetime of the different veins here, says in his report that the vein carries 10 per cent [percent]. of sulphurets [sulfurets]. It is certainly one of the most persistent veins in the region, or, I should say, it has been struck in more places and for a greater distance.
In addition to this vein there is a soft belt saprolite carrying gold which can be worked by the hydraulic process. The main proposition, however, is an underground one, as the vein passes very quickly from the surface and hence will require systematic underground work.
The Hand Mine.
This property is situated 1 mile east of Dahlonega, on the Yahoola river. In territory it comprises 2 1/3 40-acre lots (see map). Lot No. [Number] 999 is practically virgin ground, while lot 1,032 has been only partially prospected. The topography is best described as "broken." The Hand canal delivers the water at a point on lot 1,031 233 ft. [feet] above the mill. The canal at present can carry 183 inches of water, which under this head represents 92 H. P. [horsepower] Besides this power a dam across Yahoola river on lot 1,052 diverts the water and by means of a canal furnishes all necessary power for the Hand and Yahoola mills, aggregating 35 stamps of 450 pounds each.
The ore bodies on this property are enormous, continuous and very even in tenor. The Knight vein is 20 ft. [feet] thick and the ore will average $6.00 per ton. The Antonia vein is 30 ft. [feet] thick (wall to wall) and is of the same value as the Knight. To show the quantity of ore on the property I will state the notes of a tunnel (Antonia) driven from the Knight cut to intersect the Antonia vein.
The tunnel started 18 ft. [feet] northwest of the Knight cut, its course being approximately northwest.
At mouth of the tunnel was a 10-ft. [foot] vein.
At 23 ft. [feet] from mouth of tunnel was a 6-ft. [foot] vein.
At 57 ft. [feet] from mouth of tunnel was a 8 ft. [foot] vein.
At 83 ft. [feet] from mouth of tunnel was a 20 ft. [foot] vein.
The experience in this tunnel has simply been borne out by the experience later, viz. [videlicet], that the whole property is one mass of ore.
The property has been worked continuously for the past 30 years, but the ground has been only scratched. I do not think that a greater depth from the surface than 100 ft. [feet] has been reached on the property.
The property is now in shape for systematic and scientific mining, as the surface has been removed, exposing the hard veins. The Knight and Antonia veins are now in hard formation with definite walls. They are heavily sulphuretted [sulfuretted] with ordinary pyrite, although not down as yet to water level, hence the concentrates will be amenable to cyanidation or chlorination. These ores yield from $2.50 to $3.00 on the plates and the remainder is lost, no attempt being made to concentrate. The ore presents no impediment to concentration.
The system of veins may be said to be lenticular. It has invariably been my experience here that the veins widen with depth. The Knight vein to-day [today] can be traced from a 2-ft. [foot] vein at the surface to the present 20-ft. [foot] vein at the depth of 60 ft. [feet]
The Company owns 2/3 of a mile along the strike of this vein, and it has been tested for nearly half a mile. It, as I before stated, holds its size and values over the entire distance. What I have said of the Knight vein -- I take it as a type, as I know more about it continuously than any other vein in the property -- is true of the other veins. I will venture to assert that if a person start at the northwest corner of the mill with a tunnel driven northwest (across the strike of veins) he will encounter good ore appreciable size in every 20-ft. [foot] drive. In short, I believe the Hand property to be simply a system of veins of pay ore, striking northeast and southwest and dipping to the east.
The facilities for working are the very best. A tunnel driven across the strike (with a course of N.W. [northwest]) will tap all of the veins with a depth sufficient to give stopes of 60 to 150 ft. [foot] length. The Knight vein is 118 ft. [feet] above the mill, the Antonia 150 ft. [feet], and the veins back of the Antonia (N.W. [northwest])
are still higher above the mill. The tunnel is the logical plan of development, as it affords drainage, ventilation, gravity for haulage and ample stoping ground to supply a large mill for a year at the very least without one foot of sinking being necessary.
I would advise a large mill, preferably stamps, with amalgamation, followed by concentration on Wilfley tables. The concentrates are to be chlorinated by the Thies process or barrel chlorination. I will remark in passing that this process has been successfully tried on Knight ore with a very high degree of extraction.
To give an example of the ore bodies here and the state of development, I will say that last year the Company sluiced its ore some 1,500 ft. [feet] to the mill. About February 1, '98, an entirely new ore body, the existence of which had not been expected, only 300 ft. [feet] from the mill, was opened up, and it is on this same ore body that they are now at work.
There is on the property a 20-stamp mill and three workmen's cabins.
To show what I think the property should yield, I will figure all on a basis of a 100-stamp plant treating 200 tons a day.
Foreman $2 00
150 miners 150 00
10 trammers 8 00
Mill foreman 1 50
8 mill hands 6 40
Incidentals 16 79
Total daily expense $184 69
Two hundred tons of ore at $6.00 per ton equals $1,200,00, less 10 per cent [percent]. (loss in milling), gives $1,080.00 per day.
310 working days in the year give $334,800 00
Expenses of operating 57,253 90
Net profit per annum $277,546 10
The Yahoola Mine.
This property, which is a twin sister of the Hand property, as it lies adjacent to the Hand, occupies three 40-acre lots along the strike of the belt of the veins.
The Yahoola property contains a continuation of the Hand veins, with the addition of two high grade veins which have not as yet been struck on the Hand property, but which I fully believe are there. I refer to the McAfee vein and the Benning vein across the Yahoola river on lot 1,053.
The source of power, for both mining and milling, is the same on this property as on the Hand, the reservoir on lot 1,031 and the Yahoola river respectively. Hence the question of power for the future is practically the same for both mines, with the exception that the Yahoola property owns an additional 80 H. P. [horsepower] from the dam at the Mary Henry mill.
The logical development of this property is also by tunnels driven across the strike of the veins, but the stopes will not be so long as at the Hand.
The McAfee vein is about 18 feet thick (wall to wall) of $15.00 ore. The vein has only lately been uncovered. It was worked down to sulphurets [sulfurets] some 15 years ago, the ore was milled on a primitive 4-stamp wood mill. Mr. McAfee tells me that he got $10.00 per ton from every ton of ore milled. When they were well down into the ore body a large slide occurred and filled up their cut and they abandoned it. Today I finished some assays on this ore. We selected a piece of ore weighing perhaps 100 lbs. [pounds] as a specimen for exhibition. It was heavily sulphuretted [sulfuretted]. The crude ore assayed $119.60 and the concentrates $407.00. I do not want to be understood as saying that this represents the average value of the vein, but I think this an approximate figure for a rich 2-foot streak in a vein. Immediately under the McAfee vein is a small vein that assays $19.60 to $25.20.
The Benning vein of 18 feet thickness (wall to wall) will average from $10.00 to $15.00 per ton. This vein is heavily sulphuretted [sulfuretted], not however with the usual pyrite but with
Iron Tube Across the Yahoola River.
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chalcopyrites (copper pyrites) which, however, is entirely amenable to chlorination. This vein is hard and very much contorted. A mill, if properly located, should be within the reach of the Knight, McAfee and Benning veins I think such a point is to be found below the Mary Henry dam and above the Yahoola dam, possibly below it. The surface has been sluiced off this property, exposing the veins similar to the Hand property, with the exception perhaps that not quite so large an area has been hydrauliced. This property is also one mass of ore, and requires a larger capacity mill, followed by concentration subsequent to amalgamation. I believe the Yahoola to be as good if not better than the Hand. The known thickness of its veins will aggregate 60 feet.
The Findley Mine.
Including the two Boyd lots this property includes 200 acres of what is known as the black belt. The property is supplied in the way of power by the Yahoola river, which is estimated at 60 H. P. [horsepower], also a shunt canal from the main Hand canal. This canal water is delivered to the mine at a head of 283 feet. This canal (Findley) is capable of carrying 250 inches of water. The ore body here, I claim to be the largest in Georgia. The showing of ore is enormous. This whole belt in the big cut seems to be composed of innumerable arms of ore separated by parting of what I believe to be quartzose chloxite. These arms, however, come together or unite in the bottom of the big cut (70 feet vertically below the surface) and form a vein. The ore body on the northerly trend, above the mill, is vein-like in form. The ore body above the mill alone will furnish ore for a very large mill for years to come. The approximate tonnage in this ore body will be, assuming 20 cubic feet to the ton, equals 750,000 tons.
I will also mention the "Findley shute [chute]." This has an area of ore several inches in diameter that has been worked down about 350 feet. It is in the foot wall of the ore body exposed in the big cut. From this shute [chute] alone about $275,000.00
have been taken. The gold is found in pockets and and [and] these pockets occur about every 60 feet.
The Evans vein lying across the Yahoola river from the mill is a high grade vein ($10.00 to $15.00) and is about 4 feet in thickness. It has been developed from the river to the river.
The question of treatment of this Findley ore body demands a mill of large capacity, say 200 to 250 tons a day.
The ore can be taken to the mill by gravity as it dips toward the mill, at an angle of about 70 degrees. This ore should be mined and carried to the mill for 50 c. [cents] per ton and should be milled for 25 c. [cents], making the total cost of treatment 75 c. [cents]
The two Boyd lots contain only virgin ground and from the surface panning, I think they contain some good ore bodies. Two years ago some men were permitted to haul the surface dirt to the Lockhart mill (3/4 of a mile) and they made good wages for so doing. The Findley property is well timbered with oak, chestnut and pine.
There is a 40-stamp mill on the property in excellent repair, and another piece of machinery which is a novelty, I refer to the pump. It is a Duplex water motor, made by Filer & Stowell, of Milwaukee; it is the only machine of its kind in existence. It operates, from the canal water, under a head of 283 feet and lifts 176,000 cubic feet of water to the vertical height of 435 feet daily.
There are two large shanties on the property for the workmen, located across the Yahoola from the mill.
This property, located in the 12th District, contains 710 acres along the strike of the Barlow belt. The question of power is solved by the Hand canal. The present Barlow mill is operated from this canal under a head of 135 ft. [feet] The old Barlow mill is about 200 ft. [feet] below the canal, hence this head is available.
The main part of my report on this mine will necessarily be a matter of history. The old Barlow mill, 40 stamps, has
the reputation of having made more gold than any mill or mine in this district. As to the amount it produced, this can best be illustrated by the fact that Col. [Colonel] N. H. Hand was sued for $166,000.00 as the 1/10 royalty due the heirs of an estate. This would make the total production of the min [mine] $1,660,000.00. The time occupied was 8 years. They worked on a soft belt which is simply the saprolite of Dr. Becker; this saprolite was soft enough to be cut by a giant, hence its name.
In the Haney belt above the Barlow mill are 5 shutes [chutes] within a distance of 30 ft. [feet] along the strike of the vein or belt. These shutes [chutes] are exceedingly rich. I have seen about 100 dwts. [pennyweights] of gold come from one panful (3 lbs. [pounds]) of ore. At this rate the ore would be $65,000.00 per ton. The shute [chute] on which the most of the work has been done is 2 in. [inches] thick by 2 ft. [feet] along the strike of the belt.
There is an alleged sequence of veins from the Lawrence vein to Doghead vein, going in a southeasterly direction, which, if true, makes the property much more valuable. The veins are all high grade and vary in size from 1 to 5 ft. [feet] I have seen none of these veins, only the old inclines or shafts, as the case may be hence I say nothing about them.
There are on the property 2 stamp mills of 10 stamps each. In the Barlow mill is an engine and boiler of unknown horse-power [horsepower], presumably 60 H. P. [horsepower] or 70 H. P. [horsepower], besides a great deal of machinery in the order of grinding pans, etc. [et cetera] There are about 10 houses on the property for the workmen.
Undeveloped Mining Lands
Besides the property described, the Company owns a great deal of undeveloped lands lying in the heart of the ore belt. These properties, I should say some of them, have a good reputation among the miners in this vicinity.
Climatic Conditions, Supplies, Labor, Etc. [et cetera]
I find here that the climate is very even. In winter cold weather does not interfere wth [with] milling more than 5 days in the year.
Supplies of all kinds can be obtained here at the usua. [usual] price in Gainesville, Ga. [Georgia], with 30 cents per 100 lbs. [pounds] added for freight. There is a Company Store, which should yield $500.00 net per month to a company working 100 hands.
The working day is composed of two shifts of 12 hours each. The following will give an idea of the cheapness of labor:
Shift bosses $1.25 per day.
Underground miners 1.00 per day.
Surface miners 80 per day.
Truckers 45 c. [cents] to 60 c. [cents] per day.
Mill hands 90 c. [cents] per day.
Carpenters $1.50 to $2.00 per day.
Blacksmiths 1.00 per day.
4-horse wagon, team and teamster 4.00 per day.
There is an abundance of timber here, pine, oak and chestnut predominating. The number of saw-mills [sawmills] and the quantity of timber here make lumber very cheap.
A partial inventory of machinery that does not come under the head of fixtures is as follows: One 120 H. P. [horsepower] engine and boiler.
One 60 H. P. [horsepower] engine and boiler.
One 20 H. P. [horsepower] engine and boiler (portable).
Three 40 H. P. [horsepower] boilers.
One high pressure Leffel water-wheel [water wheel].
One hydraulic ram.
One steam pump.
Two Rumsey pumps.
Two levels complete with rods for leveling.
About 4,000 feet of giant pipe.
[Signed] JOSEPH PHILIPS, JR. Mining Engineer and Metallurgist. Member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers Dahlonega, Ga. [Georgia]. August 30, 1898.
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