Lester Maddox photographs, 1934-2000, undated
Black-and-white and color photographs from 1934 to 2000 of the Pickrick restaurant, Lester Maddox's political campaigns for governor, and his inauguration.
More About This Collection
Maddox, Lester, 1915-
Lester Maddox photographs, VIS 105, Kenan Research Center, Atlanta History Center.
Date of Original
Pickrick (Atlanta, Ga.)
Discrimination in restaurants--Georgia--Atlanta
Georgia--Politics and government--1951-
Maddox, Lester, 1915-
The majority of this collection is comprised of images of Lester Maddox during his tenure as governor, and lieutenant governor of Georgia. Also included are campaign events during his run for mayor of Atlanta, and governor and lieutenant governor of Georgia. Most of the campaign photographs were produced during his run for lieutenant governor and were taken at events in rural Georgia. There are several photographs of Maddox riding on bicycles and speaking to crowds. Many of the photographs depict supporters holding signs that read "This is Maddox Country." The collection also includes rare interior and exterior images of Maddox's restaurant, the Pickrick and his employees. Some of the photographs were taken shortly after Maddox closed the restaurant and depict signs he made to register his protests against the Civil Rights Act of 1964. There are many images of people in the entertainment industry and in politics pictured with Maddox, mostly during his tenure as governor and lieutenant governor. Included are baseball player Hank Aaron, musicians Johnny Cash and Graham Jackson, and Georgia politicians, including Jimmy Carter, Zell Miller, Sonny Perdue, Ivan Allen, Jr., Charlie Brown, and Mugsy Smith. Also included are civil rights leaders, Hosea Williams, Joseph Lowery, and President Lyndon Johnson. The collection includes a 1934 group photograph of employees of Atlantic Steel Company in Atlanta that includes Maddox and also his employee identification card when he worked at Bell Aircraft in Buffalo, New York. There are also several images of Virginia Maddox in the collection. Copies of hand-written and typed notes, some signed by Lester Maddox and containing contextual information about particular photographs from his perspective are included with the prints., Lester Garfield Maddox (30 September 1915-25 June 2003) was born in Atlanta, Georgia. He dropped out of high school in 1933 to work as a machine operator at the Atlantic Steel Company. Before working at Atlantic Steel, he had apprenticed as a dental technician. Maddox married Virginia Cox (1919-1997) in 1936, and in 1944 they opened a grocery store and restaurant. Building on the success of their first business they opened the Pickrick Restaurant in 1947. Maddox used the Pickrick as a platform for his political segregationist views, and in 1965 he closed the restaurant rather than comply with the public accommodations section of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Maddox ran unsuccessfully for mayor of Atlanta in 1957 and 1961, and later served as governor of the state of Georgia from 1967 to 1971. Maddox was legally prevented from running for a second consecutive term as governor and instead ran for, and won, the position of Lieutenant Governor of Georgia which he held from 1972 to 1974.
Atlanta History Center