Letters to Georgia, v. 14212, 1741 July-1742 April

Vol-ume 14212
1 (1)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Hermen Verelst to Williem Stephens Esqr. dated
At Westminster the 11th. July 1741. by the Lawrence Capt. iThomas
Your Letter dated the 4th. of April and Journal continued, the
Trustees ha,ve received, and Your Jotixnal is con^leat except that part
from October to Novr. 1740 sent with the State of Georgia under the
Seal of the Province, which never has arrived. iThe Ship that Mr.
Colleton came by being given over as taken or fovindered at Sea, Please
therefore to send the Trustees a Duplicate of Your Journal for that
The Trustees hope very soon to be fixed in a Minister for
Savannah, an Acquaintance of the Young Man I have under Tryal to settle
his hand Writing in order to go over to be Your Clerk Tho I have only
time to write this on the sudden Departure of this Ship, yet I must
repeat the Trustees Directions That all Payments created by their
Estimate must be defrayed in their Sola Bills, and People to supply
themselves with what they want, where they please; The Trustees having
no Store of their ovm, and nothing to be Issued in kind except the Shoes
they sent to be Issued according to the Invoice at Prime Cost as a
Service to the People.
I am
Your Son which you seemed
desirous of coming over to You
Yours &c.
has lately taken Orders.
2 (5)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. dated at
Westmr. July 22. 174l
Your Letter of the 13th. of Msy and Journal from 5 April to 12
May last was received the 20th. instant. It is a great Pleasure to
the Trustees to find the Encouragemt. on Silk Balls proves Effectxxal,
and that the Inhabitants are inclined to benefit themselves thereby
Bounties on Silk and Wine are for producing Kational Advantages and
therefore a very proper Application of Publick Money.
The Trustees desire you will send home the Silk as Wound off in
Small Parcels, by every Opportunity properly sorted, with an Accot. of
the Quantity made and how sent by each Ship; That they may have as much
as possible returned to England and as soon after the making it as may
be; and that you would continue to send from time to time to England
all that is made, to be disposed of here.
The Tines You received were from the Earl of Egmont and sent by
that Opportunity freight free without any Bill of Lading.
I am
Your most Obedt. Servt.
By the Charles Capt. Harramond
(9) to Mr. Harman Verelts
Charlton 25 July 1741
3 (9)
!rwo days ago I was Surprised at a Visit from Capt. Tailfer, who
iDrought me the enclosed Pamphlet, and said he would deal with honour
with me, "by leaving it with me to peruse "before he shewed it to any
other man living.
It was sent him enclosed "by Douglass who in his Letter desired him to
cause print it, and when "by the Sale had had reim"bursed the Expence, to
remit the over plus for the Benefit of the poor distrest Inha^bitants of
Georgia. He said he dos not know Douglass, and was Surprised that
Tailfer his Son who \iras Equally concerned in Writing the Book should not
as Soon have "been the Conveyor as a Stranger: That his Son wrote him
nothing, "but this and other Packets have cost him 20 Shillings, which
makes him Sick of the Correspondence. I asked him if he had read the
Book? he said yes, that as to the facts he could say nothing, "but he
did not like the Satyr of it, for all Satyr "borders on Scandal.
I then gave him a particular Accot. of those peoples Behaviour who com
posed the Book, and Especially his Sons, what contrary Representations
we have received, and what we have done from time to time to make the
people easy, with all which he was so well Satisfied, that he Admired at
the Be- (lO) of his Son and his Associates; and Said he would take a
Convenient time to write his mind to his Son. I am engaged in Honour to
restore him the Book, but he gave me leave to shew it to a few of our
Trustees, And therefore let Mr. Vernon and Mr. Eyres and Mr. Lapotre
See it, and desire they will not keep it long. He says it is the only
Copy yet sent him, but there are more to follow, together with a Peti
tion to the King in Council, and another for the Parliament. I told
him, I beleived the Book would not Seel, and a great loss might fall on
4 (10)
him, hesides a Man of Honoiar wotdd not chuse to he concerned in propa
gating Scandal, and reflections upon Gentlemen unheard.
As to the Book it Self, I heleive some facts are true, hut there are
others disguised, and it is manifestly wrote partially and maliciously.
Hov/ever dirt will Stick on the whitest hand till washd away, and I
think it would not he a miss that some Hemarks were made on certain
passages in it which may make us prepared the better and readyer to
answer to the Complaints, and justyfy our Conduct if calld on; And
should the Council not call upon us, when the Petition comes over, it
ms^ he proper when we hear it is Lodged, to present some Memorial,
letting the Lords know that we are apprized of a Petition Sent them, and
briefly exposing (ll) our Conduct and Sense of things, whereby we shall
either obtain their approbation or if in any thing they think we pro
ceeded inprxidently (as particularly in not allowing the use of Negroes)
they will recommend alterations which we will comply with; and so be
coverd from the Reflections and ill will we ly under. I am
Yrs. affectionatly
(13) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to William Stephens
Esq.r. dated at Westmr, AiJgst. 7. 174l
The Trustees observing in Your Journal of the 8th, of May last
That some of the Silk Balls weighed and received at a Certain Value at
Savannah were the Product of the Inhabitants at Purysburgh They cannot
5 (13)
conceive any reason to be given for it, on the Contrary, It is a
Misapplication of their Money to give Enconragements for raising Silk
in South Carolina which is only appropriated for raising Silk in Georgia;
And therefore you are directed to put an entire Stop to it and receive
no more Silk Balls from Purysbur^ or any other part of South Carolina.
As You are the Chief Person entrusted with the Issuing the
Trustees Sola Bills and defraying the Estimated Bsqpences in Georgia,
You certainly must keep a regular Cash Book Dr. & Cr. by charging yoxir
Self with all Sola Bills or Monies received from or on Accot. of the
Trustees, at the respective times of receiving the same, and by taking
Credit for all Payments made, to whom made, for what Services, and in
what Sums, with the respective times of each Payment, The Trustees
therefore desire you will send them an exact Copy of Your said Cash
Book, and continue to do the same every month by the first Opportunity
after the (ih) month expires, and as often as you write to the Trustees,
And to send them a Duplicate of the whole Cash Book once a Year ending
the said Year at Lady gayy Day; which will reasojiably be expected to
arrive in England before the 9th. of June following, which is the day
of determination of the Trustees Annual Accot. Whereby they will be
enabled to give the Publick a particular Accot. of the Application in
Georgia of the Sums in their Sola Bills sent for defraying the neces
sary Expenses of the Colony and be Satisfied themselves that no Mis
application thereof has been Made, which they always have Strictly
The Eeverend Mr. Orton is appointed Minister at Savannah and
will receive Priests Orders very soon; He is to come over with one Mr.
6 (14)
Bosomworth a Young Gentleman of His Acquaintance, who goes to be Clerk
to You, and the beginning of next month, they with 63 Saltzburghers and
45 Highlanders, will Sail for Georgia, as also a Number of Swiss and
I am
By the Swo Brothers Capt. Bea,ch.
Your most Obedt, Servant.
(17) (Dr, Coulter please note that in this volume the page numbers
do not seem to run consecutively as the numbers skip after
every letter that I have typed up to now, as if the intervening
pages had been torn out,)
Copy of Mr. Verelst Letter to William Ewen at Savannah dated at
Westmr. September l6th. 1741.
IThe Trustees received Yo u Letter without any Date and Your
Account Current drawn out by Yourself and Sworn to the 7th. March last.
As to the Months Service you State to be unpaid for, Mr. Causton
can Certify that to Mr. Stephens. The Service in taking an Inventory
of the Stores you say Mr. Jones allows to be right. But with respect to
L 6.2.6 apeice for 3 Servants delivered to Mr, Jones to be enployed in
the Trustees Service it does not appear how they become Yours, or that
You ever paid any thing for them; If You did pay for them, there is a
Claim as far as is in Proportion to the remainder of their time but if
7 (17)
You did not pay for them, I don't know any Demand you have on the
Trustees for releasing you from the Charge of maintaining them since
you represent them to he of no Service to You. And as to the Article
of L for Bounty on Corn, the Trustees in their Letter to Mr.
Stephens of the 6th. -June last ordered it to he paid.
The ibdca Ballance therefore after deducting any Allowance for
the three Servants will he only L 8.8.6 due to You instead of L 26.16.0
hut the Trustees have sent Copies of Your Accots. and have referred the
whole to the President and Assistants of Savannah lately appointed (l8)
to report to them if any reason appears for more to he paid You than the
said L 8.8.6 and if none to pay You the same upon being Satisfied of
the Services performed and quantity of Corn raised; and if there should
any reason appear for an Allowance for the Servants to State the same to
the Trustees and let You ha.ve the L 3.8.0 in the mean time.
1 am
Your humhle Servant
3y the Loyal Judith Capt. John Lemon
(21) Copy of Mr. Harman Verelsts Letter ^ to James Lewis Camuae dated
a Westminster the l6th. Sept. 1741.
The Trustees received Your Letter dated the 12th. June last
acqtiainting them of Your having received Satisfaction for the 78:l6;8
Sterling the Balance of Your Account to Michas 1739; But as to Your
Objections and Demands stated by You to Amount to L 71*5*3/ more, the
8 (21)
Trustees hs "se referred them to the President and Asslstsuts at Savannah
lately appointed to examine into them and Report the same giving them at
the same time Instructions to reason with You thereupon, and to propose
some reasonable adjustment for the Whole to he Submitted to the Trustees
for their Approbation.
As to the Salary you formerly had the Trustees were not apprized
of what Agreements had been made with You; they therefore could not
propose apy Additions to them, but only an Allowance in lieu of what you
before had, with a Discretional Application of a fiirther estimated Sum
for encouraging the Silk Manuf^ctiire as should become necessary. And as
the Trustees keep no Store now, but pay all in ready Money; They desire
you will attend the President and Assistants who are Mr. Stephens the
President Mr. Henry Parker, Mr. Thomas Jones Mr. John Pallowfield,
and Mr. Samuel Marcer the Assistants; and lay before them the Charge of
Your Family and (22) what will be a reasonable to defray that in the
whole and encourage yoxnr going on with the Silk Manufacture and in
structing others to know the right Method of Proceeding therein; That
they may report the same to the Trustees for their Consideration, and
they are Instructed in the mean time to let You have necessary Supplies
of Money upon Accot. until this Matter is fully settled. For the Trus
tees will not suffer People to draw Bills on them as they send their
Sola Bills over for Payment pursuant to their Directions which being
under the care of the President and Assistants; You have no reason to
doubt, but the Trustees Directions relating to You and every one else
will be duly complied with.
And that the President and Assistants may be fully acquainted
9 (22)
with Your whole Case, The Trustees have sent them a Copy of Your Letter
and all Yovr Cravings,
I am
Yoxu* most hunihle Servant,
By the Loyal Judith Capt. John Lemon
(25) Copy of Mr. Verelst's Letter to the Reverend Mr. Bolzius dated at
Westminster Septr. 17. 174l.
The Trustees have sent over another Transport of Sadd: Saltzhxu'ghers and have assisted them with every thing they could, they have
agreed to Subsist them for Six months after their Arrival in G-eorgia
by paying them in Money instead of Provisions or other Necessarys at
the following Rates Vizt. each Male of 12 Years old and upwards 8,
a day, each Female of 12 Years old & upwards 6. a day, aratoSBJBxiaE
and each Child of 6 Years old & upwards and under 12. 4, a day and
those Children -under 6 Years old are to be maintained out of their
Parents Allowances.
The Trustees would have been glad to have continued the Provi
sions longer than 6 Months, for this new Transport; but their Expences
have been so reat That they must be referred to their Countrymen at
Ebenezer to assist them further in case they shod, want it with their
S-urpluBs Provisions, until they shall be able to Repay them.
I am
Yr. most Obedt. Servant
By the Loyal Judith Capt. Lemon.
10 (29)
Copy of Mr, Verelst*s Letter to William Stephens Esq.r. dated at
Westminster, September 17th. 17^1
Ihe last Sola Bills the Trustees sent you for defraying the
estimated expences of the Colony from Lady Day 17^1 were L 1000 Value
hy the Ship Mercy Capt. Wright, who sailed in April last. They now
send You L 3000 Value more for the said Bxpences and for the extraordi
nary Bx'pence of subsisting the Highlanders for one Year and the Saltzbur^ers for Six months who come over by this Ship the Loyal Judith
Captain Lemon whose Names and Charges are herewith sent You to regulate
Yourwelf by; and an Accot. of Money to be paid a Number of Swiss and
Germans who will Sail next Week for Georgia on board the Ship Europa
Captn. Wadham will be sent with them; These Bills are in a Box directed
to you consisting of 18 Books whereof 15 of One Pound Bills No, 6,051*
to 7,550 two Books of Five pounds Bills No. l,0hl to 1,240 and one Book
of Ten Pouinds Bills No. 3^7 to 396 Faich Box being under your Care, and
the Bills now being issTiable by Order of You the President and the
other Assistants of the County of Savannah pursuant to the following
Clause of Instructions vizt, No Publick Money whatever shall be
issued or otherwise disposed of than by Warrant under the hand and
Seal of the President, by and with the Advice and Consent of the
"Assistants in (30) Council Assembled or the Major Part, and the
"President to send monthly Accompts of such Issues and for what
"particular Services."
The Trustees have Confidence in your seeing that Clause dxily
executed That no Misapplication of their Sola Bills may hereafter eger
11 (30)
te made nor no Sstpences defrayed in any other manner than hy Payment of
their ^ Sola Bills as issued hy Order of You and the Assistants for the
Services ordered. And that the Accots. therefore may he regularly kept
hy You Dr. & Or. and Copies of them sent to the IPrustees every month
That they may see how their Expences have been defrayed and their Sola
Bills applied. For the Trustees again r^eat. That all their Expences or
Allowances must he paid in their Sola Bills, That the Persons to whom
they are paid may furnish themselves with such Provisions or Necessaries
as they may want; without being obliged to receive any thing in kind,
as its alledged they have been; since The Trustees Orders for paying
every thing in Money, which is directly contrary to the Trustees
Orders, and what You are positively Instructed to put an entire Stop to.
The Trustees having had a Conference with Mr. Glen the Governor
of South Carolina now going over for putting in Execution the King*e
Instruction for settling the Trade with the Indians on such a Footing
(31) as may be for the mutual Benefit of South Carolina and Georgia they
have herewith sent you Copies of the said Instruction as sent to the
Trustees and the late Governor Horsey (the present Governors being to
the same Purport) and the Plan herewith sent You is proposed to bring
about this desired Effect.
The Governor has promised the Trustees to send You the Draught
of the Act he shall recommend to the Coxuicil end Assembly to prepare
pursuant to the seid Instruction before it is passed. That if you have
anj' Objections to it you may state the same to him, and you are to sand
the Trustees a Copy thereof, and of what shall occurr to your thox:ights
upon it, for their fix Perusal By reason the Governor will not pass it
12 (31)
"before the Trustees have considered it, in order to their preparing an
Act for the Kings Approhation here, that the Acts may be alike in each
Province. You are to send a Copy of the Draught of the said Act and
Your Observations on it also to General Oglethorpe That he may acqtiaint
the Trustees vdth his Thoughts of it.
And as the Kings Service requires him to remain in the Southern
part of Georgia, The Trustees have appointed You a Commissioner as well
as him for licencing the Traders with the Indians and regulating that
Trade, and your Commission (32) is in the Box with the Sola Bills,
The Trustees desire you will employ a Bj-oper Person to Officiate as
Secretary for the Indian Affairs, and they will at Your Request appoint
him to that Office, there having been none appointed since Mr. Clarke
who died.
The Trustees in their Letter of the 24th. of April last directed
You to look for and set out a convenient Tract of good Land in the
ReighboTixhood of Ebenezer for fifty Lots of fifty Acres each in order
that the Saltzburghers by this Ship, and the Swiss and Germans who sail
next Week on board the Europa, have Land ready for them against
their Arrival; and That on Your describing the same and the Boundaries
a proper Grant thereof wotild be made out here.
The Swiss and Germans have hopes of an Allowance to be made them
from England for maintaining a Minister of their Own, in order to
encourage more of their Countrymen to join them, as well as their
Countrymen who are settled at Saxe Gotha in South Carolina, by another
Allowance for a Minister there also, and as they are free People and
work for themselves on their own Land; the Trustees hope better things
13 (32)
from them, than from the Palatines who were in Servitude.
(33) QIhe Highlanders are to he sent up to Darien to the Remains
of their Countrymen, and Mr. Terry who comes over Recorder of Frederica
will taice the care of conducting them there. The Trustees have ordered
That his Salary of 20 a Year should commence from Lady Day last.
14r. Vigera conducts the Saltzhur^ers to Ehenezer, and will he a
proper Person to pay them their Suhsistance Money, You are to Pay him on
his Arrival Twenty five Pounds Sterling in Consideration of his Care of
the Saltzhurg]4ers, and if he likes to settle with the Saltzhurghers he
is to have equal Benefits with them, you will find him a deserving Man
and the Trustees would willingly have him remain amongst the Saltzhur^ers hut the 25.-.- is either to defray the Charge of his Return
to England or to enable him to get Assistance in the Cultivation of his
Lands if he Stays.
The Reverend Mr. Orton come over Missiony. for Savannah, the
Trustees have had a very good Character of him, and recommend him to
Your Protection and Advice, he being hut about 24 Years old and
ordained Priest hut on Sunday last, his Salary is to he paid him
Quarterly and the estimated Allowance for the Suhsistance (3^) of a
Servant for him, is to he paid him in such manner as you and he find
best and most usefull to him.
With him Mr. Thomas Bosom\\forth a Young Man of good Character and
behaviour & vrell educated comes over to he Your Clerk, he is an
intimate xk Acquaintance of Mr. Ortons, and tho his hand is not per
fectly Clerklike his Application and desire to please may soon settle
it; and he become usefull to You.
14 (34)
In a Case directed to Yourself the Trustees have sent You 4 Eeams
of Post Paper 1 Eesja of Demy, 2 P-eams of Fools Cap, 2 Eeaics of Pott,
1500.*^ of Pens, and 3 potinds of Wajc, and there is a j^arcel in the same
Case directed for Mr. Eyre which you are desired to forward to him. And
in this Case there is a Letter to You and the Key of a Chest directed to
You, and sent to the Office which Chest also comes hy this Ship.
The Trustees being still unable to make a proper Estimate for the
real Occasions of the Province, for want of the Accounts of the
manner wherein the Expenses of Georgia, have been defrayed from Michas
1739 for their Perusal and Consideration have Postponed the settling
such Estimate until they receive the said Accompts, (35) B'U-t having
appointed the following Allov/ances to Yourself as President (over and
above Your Salary as Secretary) and to the 2d. & 3d. Sailiffs of Savannah
for acting as Assistants (the first Bailiff having already L 10 a Year
Salary more than the others) to Mr. Samuel Marcer the 4th. Assistant,
pni^ to the Eecorder of Savannah for acting as Clerk to the President and
Assistants, The Trustees direct the said Allowances to be paid Quarterly.
To Yourself as President of the County of Savh. . . . . .L 80.~ a yr.
To the second Bailiff of Savannah for acting as Assis- )
) 10. a year
tant (over and above his Allowance as 2d. Bailiff. . . )
To the third Bailiff of Savannah Do. 10. a year
To ^'^r. Samuel Marcer the 4th. Assistant ........ 20. a year
15 (35)
And to the Recorder of Savannah for Acting as Clerk to )
the President and Assistants (over and above his ) i 5- s year
Allowance as Recorder .)
ii 125- a year
And they have eJ.so ordered that Mr. Terry the Recorder of Frederica
should have L 12;3:^ paid him yearly for the Suhsistance of a Servant to
commence from Lady Dsy last.
William Ewen and James Lewis Camus having severally wrote to the
Trustees and sent over Accounts and Claims made by them, herewith you
receive Copies of them, and of the Answers sent to them by the Trustees,
whereby you will be able to pursue the Trustees Pleasure therein. And
as in your Journal You take Notice That ^00 Coucons or Silk BgAls go to
a pound (36) Weight whereon four Shillings Bounty is paid it is Coi):5>uted
That eaoh po\md of Silk Balls will Produce only one ounce and 3/8ths. of
an Ounce of Silk which for l6^ Ounces of Silk the Produce of 12 pounds
of coucons amounts to L 2.8.0 Sterling Bounty; vjhich is above z twice
as much as the Silk will fetch here on Sale. The Trustees therefore
desire you will weigh a Porind of Coiiq^uons and let them be woxmd off, and
then weigh the Silk they produce to make the Eacperiments and let the
Trustees know the real q,uantity of Silk produced from a Pound of Coquons
for v?hich this Bounty has been paid. And they Iepeat to You that no
Silk Balls from Purysburgh or any Part of South Carolina be received in
Georgia, to be intitled to any Price or Boxxnty; for that is a Misapplica
tion of the Trustees Money, and cannot be justified.
Mr. Terry having Occasion for some Money for Necessarys on his
16 (36)
Copy, Sent to
Col. St^liens
17 Sept. 1741
Depart-ure, the ITrustees have advanced him i 10 for a Half a years
Salary to to Michas next.
You have an Invoice and Bill of Lading sent You herewith of what
the ITrustees have shipped and the uses They are to he put to among which
is a Box of Law Books.
I am
Your most Ohedt. Servant
By the Loyal Judith Capt. John Lemon.
(37) Instructions To our Ri^t Trusty and Well beloved the
Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America.
G. R Given at Our Coxirt at Kensington the Twenty first day of
July 1738 in the Twelfth Year of Our Reign.
Whereas several Disputes have arisen between the two Provinces of
South Carolina and Georgia in relation to the Trade carried on by the
said two Provinces with the Indians; e have taken the same into Our
Royal Consideration and do recommend to You to prepare a proper Act or
Ordinance for settling that Trade on such a Footing as may be for the
Mutual Benefit and Satisfaction of both the said Provinces. We have at
the same time Given an Instruction to Our Trusty and Well beloved Samuel
Horsey Esqr. Our Governor and Lieutenant General of South Carolina
to recommend to the Council and Assembly there to pass a Law for the
like purpose in that Province; And in the meantime it is Our Will and
Pleasure that You direct Your Commissioner in Georgia to grant Licences
17 (37)
to all Persons who shall S5)ply for the same and hring Certificates from
the Governor and Council of South Carolina that they are proper to he
Licenced to Trade with the Indians such Persons giving reasonable
Security to demean themselves well towards (38) ill Indians in Amity
with the Crown of Great Britain and that You/ and Tour Commissioner and
all others Concerned do forbear as it is alledged they have hitherto
done to levy the Sum of Two Pounds or any Part thereof upon any of the
Carolina Indian Traders by Virtue of an Act passed by You Intitled "An
Act for Maintaining Peace with the Indians.
G. E.
/ Sent to Col. (4l) Copy of A Plan for Settling the Trade with the Indians on such a
Stephens 1?
Septj^. 1741 Footing as may be for the Mutual Benefit and Satisfaction of
South Carolina and Georgia.
It is proposed to settle the Number of Traders every Tear,
necessany for supplying the Indians in both Provinces; and to regulate
what Towns each Trader shall Supply.
And that the Commissioner or Commissioners for South Carolina
shall have the Eight of Licensing one half of the said Number of
Traders, and the Comaiisr. or Commissioners for Georgia shall have the
Ei^t of lrtraty of this Office, pursuant to the Instructions sent
to Mr, Stephens which he will Communicate to You,
I am
Your most hum'ble Servt.
Harman "Verelst Accotant.
By the LoysJ. Judith Capt. John Lemon.
(65) Copy of Mr. Verelsts Letter to His Excellency Genl, Oglethorpe
dated at Westmr. September l8th. 1741.
The (Trustees having appointed Mr. John (Terry Recorder of Erederica
in the room of Mr, Francis Moore, he comes over by the Ship Loyal Judith
and takes Care of some Highlanders from Scotland to be settled at Darien
with the Remainder of their Countrymen, Each Man of 21 Years old and
upwards is to have a Fifty Acre Lot to hold in (Tail General, their
Working Tools are sent over with them, and the Trustees have allowed
the Males of 12 Years old and upwards 8. a daj'', the Females of 12 Years
old and upv/ards 6. a day, and the Children of 6 Years old and under 12,
22 (65)
a day for one Year after their arrival for their Assistance in lieu
of Provisions and every thing else, and the Children under 6 Years old
are to he maintained out of their Parents Allo^tfances. Captain Mackay
was consulted on this Occasion and assisted in sending them from
Mr. Glen the Governor of South Carolina being on his Departure
on hoard the Hye Man of War, who convoys this Ship; The Trustees had a
Conference lately with him concerning his Instructions, the Purport of
the late Governor Horsey*s, to recomnend it to the Council and Assembly
of South Carolina to prepare a proper (66) Act for Settling the Trade
with the Indians on such a Footiiag as may he for the mutual benefit and
Satisfaction of South Carolina and Georgia; And the Governor has promised
the Trustees to send Mr. Stephens a Draught of the said Act before it is
passed, tliat he mey make his Observations on it, and State any Objections
which may arise to him; whom the Trustees have instructed, to send you
a Copy of it, and of his Observations and Objections, if any. As well as
to send another to the Trustees. For the Governor will not pass it
before the Trustees have considered it in England. And they will be
much obliged to You for Your Thoughts, after having perused the same,
That they may prepare an Act for the Kings Approbation here pursuant to
his Majestys Instruction to the Trustees, and that the Acts may be alike
in each Province And herewith You have Copies of the Kings Instruc
tions on this Occasion as well as a Sketch of a Plan proposed to bring
about this desired Effect.
And as the Kings Service requires Your Residence in the Southern
part of Georgia, the Trustees have thought it necessary to add Mr.
23 (66)
Stephens to he another Bonanr. besides you for licencing the Traders
with the Indians and regulating tha,t Trade,
The Trustees have sent over Sola Bills for the Suhsistance of the
Highlanddrs, and another Transport of Saltzhurghers; and for Payment of
s s
50. apeice to Swiss & Germans of 14 Years old and upwards, and 25/ to
(67) Do. tinder that Age and above 6 Years old who are coming over in the
Ship Europa Capt. Wadham, to Sail next Week. They propose to settle
near the Saltzhurghers and have hopes of an Allowance from England for
maintaining a Minister among them there and another among their Country
men at Saxe Gotha in South Carolina; in order to encourage more of their
Countrymen to join them. The above Sums were all the Assistance they
desired after being landed, they are to Labour for themselves, and go
free, without any Servitude.
The said Sola Bills are not only for the above Services, but for
the other Eaqpences of the Colony under the Care of the President and
Assistants of the County of Savannah and are not to be issued or
otherwise disposed of, but by Warrant tinder the hand and Seal of the
President, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Assistants in
Council Assembled, or the Major Part, and the President is directed to
send monthly Accots, of such Issues and for what particular Services;
The Trustees having had no Accorapt in what manner their Sola Bills have
been applied for the estimated Services of the Colony, which commenced at
Michas 1739 Notwithstanding their repeated Directions to Mr. Stephens
and Mr, Jones to send the Accounts thereof from time to time
The Trustees hope you have receovered Your Illness which hung so
long about You, and shall be glad (68) to hear of Your Health and
24 (68)
I am
Sir (In the Absence of the
Sectary. Your Excellency's
most Obedt. Humble Servt.
By the Loyal Judith Capt. John Lemon.
Ship'd 21 Septbr. 1741 A List of the Saltzburghers Shipped on board
and Saild about 3 Oct. the Loyal Judith Capt. John Lemon and an
Accompt of the Money payable to them in
Georgia for I83 Days after their Arrival in
12 Yrs. &
8.^ a day
12 Years &
6.^ a day
Childn. 6
Years &
under 12
4.^ a day
lieu of all other Expences for Provisions
and Necessarys.
Persons Heads
Andreas Pith a Carpenter Aged 36 and
Sibilla his Wife aged 27 .
Casper Graninell a Brewer aged 36 and
Anna Catherina his Wife aged 23* .
Martin Bachner a Farmer aged 29 and
Catharinia Barbara his Wife aged 22. .
1 1
George Eigel a Farmer aged 40, Ursula
his Wife aged 41 his four Sons Lorentz 4-20
Ludewig aged kk Higabb Kirebtz aged 6
Johann Frantz aged 4, and Samuel aged
1^ and his two Dati^iters Anna Theresia.
Aged 13 and Anna Maria aged 8.
Balthaser Bacher a Carpenter aged 3I, and
Anna Maria his Wife aged 32. ^ ^
563 16 12-3/3
25 (69)
Males 12
YesTs and
8.^ a day
I'emales 12
Years and
6. a day
Children 6
Years and
under 12
1 d
h. a day
. . . Brou^t over.
Michael Haherer a Bricklayer & Farmer
aged 27, and Anna Barbara his V/ife big
with Child aged 40.
Bernhard KLocker a Farmer aged 38
Elizabeth his ife aged 43 his two
Sons Sebastian aged 4J^ and Paul aged
^ a Year his Daughter in Law Wald
Burga Grill aged 18, and his two
Da-ughters Gertrude aged 9 sJid Eva
a Farmer aged 56 &
Magdalene his Wife aged 36 .
Conrad Kienlen Understands Vines aged
42 Maria his Wife aged 34 and
Johannes his Son aged 1|-.
Johann Ladwig Meyer a Stirgeon aged 26
and Elizabeth MTolorin his Wife aged
40 and John George Meyer his Brother
a Glover
aged 21
a Farmer
aged 55
Christina his V/ife aged 48 and Maria
Meyerin a V/idow his Daur. aged 23. . .
Peter Eohleissen a Shoemaker aged 40
and Maria his Wife aged 49.
George Klamer a Farmer aged 37 and
Gertrauda his Wife aged 38 .
Johannes Matirer a Carpenter aged 26
and Maria his Wife aged 26.
David Eysperger a Miller aged 24 and
Anna Maria his Wife aged 30.
Johannes Scheffler a Stocking Weaver
aged 27 and Catharina his Wife aged 26.
26 (70)
Males 12
Years &
8. a day
12 Yrs. &
6.^ a day
Childa. 6
Years &
tmder 12
4.^ a day
17 19 5 .Brought over. h6
Johannes Scherausa Weaver and hushand11 1 man aged 35 and Maria Helena aged 44 3
and Johannes his Son aged 6.
Johannes George Kocker a Weaver aged
(71) 1 1 1 40 Appolonia his Wife aged 44 and 3
his Son
9 .
aged 28
Magdalena his Wife aged 48 his Son
Euprecht Schrimpf a Locksmith aged 19
and his Daughter Elizabeth aged 10. . .
Magdalena Roncrin a Single Woman
1 Appollonia
aged 29 .
Krederin Do. aged 32 ... . 1
1 Christina Heusslurin Do. aged 20. ... 1
1 Barhara Brickelin Do. aged 22. 1
1 Barhara Steinhackerin Do. aged 22 . . . 1
And Mr. John Frederick Vigera their ^
Conductor aged 35 .
22 27 8 62 53-1/3
Which 22 at 8.^ a day for I83 days
amoxmts to.L134.4.0
27 at 6. a day for the same time
amounts to. 123*10.6
8 at 4. a day for the same time
amoxints to.. 24. 8.0
L 282. 2.6
And the 5 Children under six Years old are
to he maintained out of their Parents
27 (73)
SMp*d 21 Sepfbr. 1741 A List of the Highlanders shipped on hoard the
and Saild about
3- Octohr. Loyal Judith Gapt. John Lemon and an Accon^t of
the Money Payable to them in Georgia for one Year
after their Arrival in lieu of all other Expences
for Provisions & Necessaries.
12 Yrs.
8.^ a d^iy
12 Years
& upwds.
6-^ a day
Ghildn- 6
Years &
tinder 12
4.^ a day
Persons Heads
1 3
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
John Gogach a Labourer and Gowherd aged 33
and Anna Mackay his Wife aged 30
his 2 Sons William aged 11. and ,
Angus aged 7 and his 2 Daughters
Christian aged l6 & Isabell aged
Normand Ma.cLonald a Labourer aged 32
2 Elizabeth Maclcay his Wife aged 29, ^
John his Son Aged 6, and Katherine his
Daur. aged 9..
John Macdonald a Labourer & Htinter
aged 32, Marian Cadiach his Wife aged
1 29, his tvjo Sons William Aged 4 and 5
Donald aged 2, and his Daughter
aged 32 his
1 Son James aged 8, and his Daughter 3
Donald Mackay
Aged 12
a Labourer
Aged 21 . . . 1
George Macdonald a Labourer Aged 22. . 1
Elizabeth Mackay a Single Woman aged 20 1
George Douglass a Labourer aged 28
Margaret Munroiox his Wife aged 29, 3
and Isabell his Daughter aged 2 . . .
James Munro a Cowherd aged 33
Jennet MacLeod his Wife aged 26 . . . ^
8 9 6 26 20-5/6
28 (74)
Males 12
Years &
8. a day
12 Yrs. &
6.^ a day
Childn. 6
Years &
under 12
4. a day
1 1
Persons Heads
26 20-5/6
John Grant a Labourer aged 22. 1 1
William Eobertson a Cowherd aged 21 . 1 1
John MacLeod a fisherman aged 35* ... 1 1
George Mackay a Cowherd aged. 20 ... . 1 1
Ann Murray a Single Woman aged 18 . . . 1 1
Christian Lossly a Widow aged 30 and
Katherine Mackay her Laugher Aged 6 . . 2 1-1/3
Isabell Mackay a Single Woman aged 18 . 1 1
Eobert Sutherland a Labourer aged 21. . 1 1
William Mackay a Cowhered aged 21. . . 1 1
Angur Mackay a Taylor aged 21. 1 1
Marrian Mackay a Single Woman aged l6 . 1 1
John Campbell a Wood Cutter aged 24 . . 1 1
Ann Cotton a Single Woman aged 23* . . 1 1
Mery Jolliffe Do.aged 22. . . 1 1
Do. .... aged .... 1 1
43 37
Which 16 at 8.^ a day &c for 365 days
amounts to.L194 I3 4
6. a day for the same time Amots.
155 2 6
7 4.'^' a day for the same time
Amots. to. 42 11 8
I, 392 76
But the Children under 6 Years old are to be
maintained out of their Parents Allowance.
29 (77)
Shipd 21 Septbr.
1741, and
Sailded about 3* Octbr.
Invoice of Parcells shipped by the
Trustees on board The Loyal Judith
Captain Lemon according to the Bill
of Lading signed by the said Captain.
G X C A pair of Cullen Stones 2 feet 2 Inches Diajaieter for the Corn Mill at
directed New Ebenezer
1 Chest directed to Willisin Stephens Esqr. sent to the office to be
forwarded to him.
1 Case directed the same containing 4 Reams Post Paper, 1 Ream of Demy
2 Reams of Pools Cap, 2 Reams Pott 1500.^ Pens and 3 Pounds of Wax
for the use of the Colony in the Trustees Service A Parcel directed
ffir Mr, Eyre to be forwarded to him; and a Letter with the Key of the
Chest directed to Mr. Stephens.
1 Box Do. containing the follov/ing Law Books vizt. 2 Woods Institutes
and 2 Nelsons Justice the one of each for Frederica to be delivered
to Mr. Terry the Recorder and the other one of each for Savannah
Hawkins Pleas of the Crown, Practicing Attorney 2 Volumes Bohxins
Declarations &c. Plantation Laws, Every Man his own Lawyer and
Blackerbys Cases for the use of the Colony in General as Occasion
shall require.
1 Box Do. containing L 3,000 Value in Sola Bills whereof 15 Books of
L 1 each No. 6,051 to 7,550 2 Books of L 5 each No. l,04l to
l,24o and one Book of L 10 each No. 3^7 to 396, And a Commission
appointing William Stephens Esqr. to Licence Traders with the Indians,
and a Packet directed to the said William Stephens.
1 Box directed to Captain Desbrissy to be forv/arded to Frederica con
taining a PertJke.
& 1 Box directed to General Oglethorpe to be forwarded to him (wherein
are the daily Advertizers for the use of the Colony from 6 June
1741 to 15th. September following
For the Saltzburgh )
Passengers . ... )
2 Grind stones Loose.
Mark'd Saltzburghers. 2 Parcels of Shovels containing 11 in each Parcel.
And 2 Casks and 1 Bundle containing 1 large Copper Sauce Pen & Cover and
8 lesser Copper Sauce Pans, a brass Skimmer and Ladle 22 New England
30 (78)
Axes, 22 Harrow Hoes, 2 Broad Hoes, 22 Helved Hatchets 20 Axle Trees
& Winches, 4 Whip Saws handled and Sharpt, 2 Cross Cutt Saws Do. 3
Hand Saws Do. 3 Tennant Do. 3 Frame Do. 12 Pitt Saw Files 6 three
square do. 3 Carpenters Hammers 12 Gimhlets, 3 Drawing Knives, 12
Aiigers sorted 4-3/4 Inch Do. 4 Inch Do. 2 Inch 1/4 Do. 2 Inch
l/2 Do. 3 Fair of Pinchers 3 Fair Compasses 3 Smoothing Planes fixt,
3 Jack Do. 3 Fore Do. 3 Long Do. 3 Joynter Do. 2 m 20^ Hails 2 m
8. Hails 2 m 6 Hails 2 "best brick Trowels, 2 Lath Hammers 1 doz Hots
Cha,lk line, 1 doz Do, double, 2 Line P.oles and 11 Po'onds Iron Plate
And 1 Box of Medicines for the Surgeon from Saltzhurgh (79) For the
Hi^land Passengers. 2 Grind Stones Loose marked Highlanders 1 Parcel
containing 18 Shovells.
jbc And 1 loodcxKxs Cask & 1 Bundle containing I8 New England
Axes, 18 Harrow Hoes 18 Broad Hoes, I8 helved Heichets 2 Axle Trees
and Winches, 2 Whip Saws handled and sharpt, 1 Cross Cutt San Do. 6
Pitt Saw Piles 3 three Square Do. 3 Hand Saws, 3 Tennant Do. 3 Frame
Do. 3 Carpenters Hammers. 12 Gimhlets sorted 3 Drawing Knives
4-3/4 Inch Augers 4 Inch ^ Do. 2 Inch 1/4 Do. and 2 Inch 1/2 Do. 3
pair Pinchers 3 pair Compasses 2 Smoothing Planes fixt 2 Jack Do.
2 Pore Do. 2 Long Do. 2 Joynter do. 1 m 20.^ Hails 1 m 10.^ Hails,
1 m 8.^ Hails and 1 m 6.^ Hails.
G X 0 In three Chests 75 Musquets 3 feet 10 Inches clean hored Barrels Walnut
Tree Stocks bridle Locks 3 Square Bayonets, brass Furnitxire end
Swivels in List Cases, the Chest with Locks & Hinges to be used in the
Voyage if Occasion; And when arrived Each Man Saltzburgher and each Man
Highlander to have one, and the Residue for use at Savannah.
In Chest Ho. 1 is fine Emmery 12 pounds and 24 Sheets of Sand Paper for
cleaning the Musquets with 200 Musqt. Flints and some Cartridge Paper.
And in a Wickerd Bottle 5 Gallons of Olive Oyl for the said Musquets.
in 6 Barrels 3* S wt. of Bullets for the said Musquets And 8 half
Barrels of double Gun Powder and I/8 of a Barrel of iJi Do. for
priming for use in the Voyage for the said M-unquets if Occasion, and if
not, or the (80) Residue in case any used at Sea, to be delivered to
William Stephens Esqr. for use a.t Savaimah.
Refreshments for the Saltzburghers & Highlanders in
the Voyage under the Care of Mr. John Terry
5 L wt. of Potatoes
30 Bushels of Carrotts.
and 48 Gallons of English Brandy in 4 Casks, to be used when the Beer
is out and the Passengers have Water only, by mixing a proper Propor
tion to each in the Water they drink. And For Sprinkling between Decks
to preserve the Health of the Passengers.
3 half hhds. of Rape Eager v/ith 3 Brushes to use it.
31 (80)
and for use in the Voyage one Box of Medicines with
Directions to use them under the Care of Mr. Terry
And all the Bedsteads or Cradles and Bedding which the Passengers
Use in the Voyage are to go on Shoare with them for their own use.
(81) A List of the Passengers on hoard the Europa
Captain John Wadham for Georgia. Shipt 29 Septhr.
Cash to he paid ) 17^1
each Family or ) at at
single Person ) 50^ ea. 25- a.
on their Arrival)
in Georgia. )
Sterling Money Persons
L s
(82) 6. 5--
Haris Henry Gehhard a Cooper & Millwright aged
45 Catherina his Wife aged 30, his Son
4. 2. Samuel aged 22 and his 4 dau^ters Susannah 7
aged 20, Magdalen aged 10, Anna, aged 6, and
Anna Maria aged 5 mo.
Hans Jacob Euntz a. Schoolmaster aged 40,
2. 3. Maria his Wife aged 40, his 3 Sons Hans 6
Jacob aged 11 Erhar aged 8, and Hens Henry
aged 3, and his Daughter Margaretta aged 12 . .
Rudolfe Burgi a Woodman aged 50. Esther his
Wife aged 50, his 2 Sons Rudolf aged 19, and
3. 4. Hans Kunrath aged 10; and his three Daughters 7
Anna aged 13, Anna Margaretta aged 11 and
Henry ^etterly
aged 6 .
a Farmer aged 40 Catharine
2. 3 his Wife aged 40 Hans Jacob his Son aged 11 5
and his 2 Daughters Anna. Magdalena aged 10
Regula aged
a Silk worker aged
2. 1 32, Elizabeth his Wife 34 & his three Sons 5
Martin aged 6 Christopher aged 4 and Hans
Ullerick aged 1 .
48.15.- 13. 13. 30 20
32 (82)
i 48.15.-
6. 5*
(83) 5
13. 13.
2. 1.
4. 2.
2. 3
2. 2
2. 4
2. 4
Jacob Boltschauser a Carpenter aged 45,
TIrs-ula his V/ife aged 45, and his 3 Sons
Elias aged 6. Hans Jacob aged 5
^Ldam Schneyder
aged 4 .
a Drummer aged 22.
Henrick Schneyder a Labourer aged 30,
Elizabeth his Wife aged 30 ahd Anna Barbara
his Sister
aged 45,
Elizabeth his Wife aged 42, his 2 Sons
Henrick aged 12 and Frederick aged 7, and
his 2 Daughters Ferena aged 22 and Elizabeth
a Farmer and Vine dresser aged
40, Barbara his Wife aged 40, and his 5
Sons Michael aged 9, Hans Casper aged 7,
Hans Henrick aged 6, Hens Jacob aged 3 and
Hans Ullerick
Martin Sigerist
aged 1
Farmer aged 35, Anna
his Wife aged 38 And his 4 Sons Johannes
aged 12, Hans Martin aged 7, Hans Jacob
aged 5, and Hans Kxinrath aged 4.
Hans Jacob Wurth a Taylor aged 48, Catharine
his Wife aged 33t and his 5 Daughters
Salamene. aged 12, Anna, aged 11, Cetharina
aged 9, Elizabeth aged 6 and Susannah aged
Adam Juker a Farmer aged 45, and
Barbara his Wife aged 33.
Hans Jacob Strubler a Eopemaker aged 22,
and Elizabeth
his Wife aged 26 .
Hans Kunrpth Halter a Lock Smith aged 38,
Elizabeth his Wife aged 42, his 2 Sons
Ullerick aged 10 and David aged 8, and his
3 Daughters Martha, aged 11, Barbara aged 6,
and Catharina
Kunrath Euradi
aged 3
Farmer aged 42 Anna
Barbara his Wife aged 40; and his three
Sons Henrick aged 20, Adam aged l4, and
Ha.ns Kunrath aged 3.
30 20
5^ 3|
1 1
3 3
6 5
7 3i
$ 4
7 4
2 2
2 2
7. 4
5. 4
133.15.- 39. 29 81 56
33 (83)
i 133-15- 39. 29
11. 5.- 3. 3
5.-^.- 2.
5,-.- 2.
81 56
Hicolaus Haner a Shoemalcer aged 36, Elizabeth
his Wife aged 38, his three Sons Nicholaus
aged 15, Johannes aged 11, and Joseph aged 4, 8, 5.
end his 3 Daughters Margaretta aged 9. Eliza
beth aged 7 aJid Eerena aged 1. .........
Leonard Eigler a Butcher aged 25 and Catharina 2. 2
his Wife aged 19 .... ...
Ezekiel Holl a Smith aged 30 Anna Magdalena
his Wife aged 28 and Jacob his Son aged 1 3. 2
month. .....................
155. - ^6. 32 94. 65
8.15.- 2, 3
2.10.- 1.
15. 4 4
6.- 1, 2
Hans Jacob Wregely a Cooper aged 40, Rachel
his Wife aged 40 Johannes his Son aged 11, 5, 4
and his 2 Daughters Anna Barbara aged 18 and
Anna Maria aged 10..
Hans Henrick Lichliage a Farmer aged 3^.
Anna his Wife aged 34 And his two Daughters
Anna aged 11, and laockaxs Barbara aged 2.
making 4 Persons and 2-^ freights, whereof 4. 2^-
1-^ Freight psiid by himself and deducted
from being a Charge to the Trust; wherefore
only 50 is to be paid him in Georgia..
Johannes Ullerick Hag a Smith aged 46,
Anna, Maria his Wife aged 46; his 4 Sons
Johannes aged 20, Hans Jacob aged 1', Hans
Ullerick aged 11 and Hans Michael aged 9
and his 3 Daughters Barbara aged 18, Maria 9, 7
aged 16, end Ferena aged 6; making 9 Persons
& 7 Freights whereof 1 Freight paid by himself
and deducted from being a Charge to the Trust;
wherefore only - 15 is to be paid him in
Georgia .........
Abraham Eang a. Smith aged 46 Barbara his V/ife
aged 37 Hans Kunrath his Son aged 7 snd Anna
Maria his Daughter aged 11; making 4 Persons
and 3 Freights whereof 1 Freight paid by him- 4. 3
self and deducted from being a Charge to the
Trust; wherefore on L 5 is to be paid him in
Georgia .... ..
16-^ 31- 5- 8. 90 22
34 (84)
i 31- 5.-
6. 5.-
(85) 2.10.-
11. 5.-
6. 5
(86) 5.--.-
8. 9
2. 1
4. 1
2. 1
0. 3
Josephus Wachter a Shoemaker a^ed j6
Susannah his Wife aged 32 and his 2
Daughters Elizabeth aged 6 and Susannah
Lauchenauwer a Millwright
aged 24.
Hans Casper Wurly a Weaver aged 45
Margaretta his Wife aged 40, his Son Hans
Jacob aged 15, his 2 Dau^ters Elizabeth
aged 20 and Margaretta aged 6, and his
Cousin Maria Eurtsch Wilier aged 21.
making 6 Persons and 5| Freights whereof
1 Freight paid by himself and deducted
from being a Charge to the Trust, wherefore
only L 11.5.0 is to be paid him in Georgia . .
Casper A3di*i3CtaDcSte3ciar Am Stein a Taylor
aged 28 and Anna Maria his Wife aged 28;
making 2 Persons and 2 Freights, whereof 1
Freight paid by himself and deducted from
being a Charge to the Trust, Wherefore only
L 2.10.0 is to be paid him in Georgia.
Hans George Burckard a Farmer aged 18,
Johannes his Brother aged 11, and Anna
43, Catharina
his Wife aged 38 his 2 Sons Adrian aged
12 and Hans Jacob aged 11, and Susannah his
Daughter aged ?; making 5 Persons and 3^
i'reights, whereof 2 Freights paid by himself
and deducted from being a Charge to the
Trust, wherefore only 3*15*0 is to be paid
him in
a Bricklayer aged 44
Barbara his Wife aged 31 and his 2 Daughters
Barbara aged
4 & Anna
a Farmer
2 .
27, Catharina
2. 0 his Wife aged 33 and Anna his Daughter
aged 9 Months.
1. Anna Maria Calliser a Single Woman aged 22 . .
22 l6i
4. 2|
1. 1
2. 2
5. 3l
4. 2^
3. 2
1. 1
76. 5.- 23. 15 51. 39
35 (86)
i> 76. 5-- 23. 15
16. 5.- 6. 1
2.10.- 1.
6. 5.- 2. 1
5. --.- 2.
6. 5*- 2. 1
7.10. - 2. 2
(87) 2.10.- 1.
2.10. - 1.
125. - 40. 20
Hans Joachim Schad a Smith aged 50, Eva his
Wife aged 47 his 2 Sons Solomon aged 18 and
Hans Joachim aged I6, his Son in La-W Hans
George Stelli aged 22 and his 2 Daughters
Anna aged 24 & Margaretta aged 12 .
Jacob Danner a Tinker aged 35 and Barbara
his Wife aged 25; making 2 Persons and 2
Freights, whereof 1 Freight paid by himself
and deducted from being a /CCharge to the
Trust, wherefore only L 2:10:0 is
to be paid him in Georgia.
Hans Ullerick ^ag a Carpenter aged 33, Maris
nis Wife aged 33* Hans Jacob his Son aged 5
and Catharine, his Daur, aged 9.
Hans Ullerick Belts a V^eaver aged 30
Margaretta his Wife aged 23, and Elizabeth
his Daughter aged 2..
Hans Jacob Engely a Farmer aged 32, Anna
his Wife aged 34 and his Son Jacob aged 7 . .
Hans Ullerick Vogler a Glazier aged 38
Anna Maria his V/ife aged 39, his 3 Sons
Henrick aged 9 Hans Casper aged 34 snd
Hans Ullerick aged 2 and his Daughter Anna
Magdalena aged 11.
Hans Casper Calliser one of the Conductors
24 a Eopemaker
the other Conductor
aged 42 ......
Whereout is to be deducted the followii^
Freights paid by the Persons hereafter
mentioned. vizt. EF
Hans Henrick Lichliage .l4
Johannes Ullerick Hag.1
Abraham Dang.1
Hans Casper Vtoly.1
Caspar am Stein.1
Adrian Burckard.2
And by Jacob Danner.1
51. 39
2. 2
4. 3
3. 2
3. 2^
6. 3
1. 1
1. 1
78. 60
36 (87)
i 125.-.-
is deducted out of the above mentioned i 125*in consideration of
the Trustees having paid for 2^ Freights more than they contracted
for; to be borne by such of the last mentioned 78 Persons who have
not paid any Part of their Freight as they shall agree among themxmlcwnr selves, by a Condition settled with hans Jacob Eeimensperger;
And which reduces the Money payable to them in Georgia to the Stun
of 1 111.-.- Eiemensperger & Callisers Family being paid for by
the Trustji over and above the number agreed for as being the Con
i 111_
& 115.-
Payable in Georgia to 78 Persons making 60 heads in the
2d. List. 2d. List.
to 9^ Persons maMng 65 heads in the
Ist List.
266.-.- Total Payable in Georgia on their Arrival to 172 Persons making
125 heads.
(89) Copy of Mr. Verelst Letter to William Stephens Esqr. dated at
Westmi. October 3^. 17^1*
Yesterday the Trustees received your Letters dated 24th. June
and 13th. July last with your Journal from the l4th. May preceeding as
also the Accots. they wanted and the other Papers by Capt. Thomson;
They will be laid before the Committee of Correspondence on Monday next.
Ey this Ship the Europa Captn. Wadham 172 Swiss and Germans come
over as mentioned in the Trustees last Letter, whereof 9 psy their own
Passage and herewith you receive an Accot. of their llames Sexes and
Ages together with what is to be paid them in Georgia; in lieu of all
other Assistance; they go as free People to work for themselves on their
own Land, and they have hopes of an Allowance to be made from England
37 (89)
for maintslning a Minister of their own in order to encotirage more of
their Countrymen to join them in Georgia, and also of Joining their
Countarymen at farTKni'atyg Saxe Gotha in South Carolina by another Allow
ance for a Minister there also, Mr. Zeigenhagen the Kings German Chap
lain here gave them an Admonition before they went on board, and I have
wrote to Mr. Bolzius that until they have a Minister, he and Mr. Gronau
(90) would do them all good Offices.
You have an Invoice and Bill of Lading sent You herewith of what
the Trustees have Shipped and the uses they are to be put to.
Mr. Thomas Louch comes over a Passenger at the Trustees Estpence
to be a Checque upon the Captains Behaviour to these People in their
Voyage, he goes to settle at Frederica being recommended to General
I am
By the Buropa Capt. John V/adham.
(93) Opinion of the Attorney Genl. that the Wild Cattel in Georgia
belong to the Trustees
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
having by their Charter all the lands in the said Colony given and
granted to them and their Successors for Ever, for the better Support of
the said Colony. Are not the Wild Cattle in the woods their property to
38 (93)
"be disposed of a.s they shall direct, or ccua the Inhabitants without
leave drive them in and mark them, for their own property, as they can
find them.
I think while those wild Cattle are in the woods unappropriated
they belong to the I'rustees as going along with the Soil but if they
come vol'untarily into the isaatd lands of the Inhabitants they may take
them and by such Capture make them their own property; But they have
no right to drive them out of tlie woods into their own grounds end take
them to their own use.
D. Eyder
29 Oct. 1741
(97) Opinion of the Attorney Genl. that Negroes cant be atimitted in
Bead the Act herewith left, for prohibiting the Importation and
une of Black Slaves or Negroes into Georgia. And let the Trustees know
whether any thing therein contained will hinder the Inhabitants who may
desire it, having Negroe Servants for Terms of years in the same manner
as they have white Servants; who at the end of their service are
inti tied to Land and to be free people. Or if free Negroes may not
settle in Georgia. The Intent of the Act being only to hinder
Slavery end thereby prevent the disorders and Insurrections which
happen from such a State of Bondage.
Whatever might be the general Intent of the Act, yet as the
39 (97)
using of Negroes in any manner or way whatsoever in the province is made
Penal and all Blacks and Negroes found in the Province are expresly
forfeited to the Trustees without any restriction I am of opinion that
they cannot he brought in to be used as common servants hired for terms
of years nor can they Settle in the Province.
D. Eyder
30 Oct. 1741.
(101) Opinion of the Attorney Genl. concerning illegal proceedings of
the Gr. Jury
There having been lately some extraordinary attempts and Pro
ceedings of a Grand Jiiry at the Town Court of Savannah in Georgia,
requiring persons to be sworn by the Recorder, or one of the Bailiffs of
the Town Court, and to be Sworn out of Court to be examined upon Oath
touching divers matters they had to enquire into, or in other words to
all such Questions as should be asked of them by the Grand Jury; without
acquainting them of the Subject matter they were to be examined upon.
And after the Grand Jury had been discharged in Court on having by
their own Acknowledgment, nothing immediately before them touching the
peace of our Soverei^ Lord the King; Yet continuing to meet as before,
and to proceed in the same manner to inq-uire upon Oath into divers
Can any person be required to give Evidence before a Grand Jury
without being first Sworn in open Co^lrt, and being acquainted of the
40 (101)
Subject matter he is to he examined upon.
I think all Witnesses to he examined before the Grand Jury must
he first sworn in open Court to give Evidence on such a Bill of Indict
ment hut its not necessary that they should he acquainted otherwise of
the matter they are to he examined to.
And if anj person should he willing to give any Evidence before a
Grand Jury. Can the Grand Jury require the Recorder, or one of the
Bailiffs of the Town Court, out of Court to administer Oaths for the
taking such Evidence; or can the Grand Jury administer Oaths themselves
for the Same purpose.
(102) I think the Grand Jury cannot require the Recorder or
Bailiffs either in or out of Court to administer the Oaths to any
Witness nor can the Grand Jury of themselves administer an Oath, But
the Court ex officio are to Administer the Oath to all Witnesses who
offer themselves to he ywanc sworn to give Evidence upon any Bill.
If a Grand Jury do not break up after being discharged by the
Court hut continue to meet and proceed illegally What punishment are
they liable to, or those who can he proved to promote such Infringements
of the Peoples Rights.
They are lyahle to he punished by fine and Imprisonment upon an
information, or I think the Court may in a Summary way committjt them
for a Contempt of the Court.
B. Ryder
31. Oct. 1741
41 (105)
Mr. Bofin of Puryslcurg to the E. of Egmont touching labour in Georgia
Civil Court 12 Dec. 1741
Tho Georgia has been now Settled these 7 or 8 yeers, I am not
Surprised you shovild ask me how that Settlement is like to Succeed, for
never were Accts. so contradictory given of a Country, there is
hardly any thing affirmed by one set of the people there, but is denyed
by the other, and all that can with certainty be concluded from their
Accts. is, that either or both partys, represent things as their pri
vate ends pron^ts them. It being impossible to differ so widely bona
fide in matters of Fact and experience.
It is of the gres.test importance to the Publick that the Gentle
men who have so generously have devoted their time and application to
that noble undertaking, shoTild have faithfull Accts. of Its progress,
end of all things that may Advance or obstruct it, and tho a Man should
have no Special call to give his thoughts upon the Subject, yet it is
hie duty to do it, if he thinks they may be of use; I shall therefore
without fear of appearing too busy, give my Sentiments uuon your Ques
tion. I take it for granted that when you ask whether it be practicable
to Settle Georgia, you mean the Settling it without Negroes, for as the
admitting them there must have an Effect directly opposite to the great
ends from that Colony, which ere to SkicsHgtii Strenghten the frontier,
and to provide Settlements for Poor Protestants, A Repeal of the Act
against Negroes is neither to be (106) expected nor desired; As for the
other Restrictions, Some of them were from the first intended to be only
ten^jorary, and all mry be relaxed or repealed as the Trustees shall
42 (106)
find expedient for the People of Georgia.
To answer then your Question, I am of Opinion that Georgia msy
he settled with white people, and I hope to see it effected, hut I
heleive it will not he till greater Encouragements are given than what
the Settlers there have now.
I know it is the opinion of many that the Prohibition of Eegroes
is no discouragement to Settle in Georgia, and their Reasons axe these;
first that tho Negroes may work hander and live Cheaper than White men,
the difference cannot he so great, but that the loss of Negroes, which
in the Course of Nat\ire and from Accidents the Carolina Planter is
liable to, must turn the Scale in favour of the Georgia planter,
Secondly, that the produce intended to he raised in Georgia are Such as
do not require hard Lahoxir, The best Answer I can give to their first
Argument is the Practice of the Carolina people who have a long estperience of the Country, they not only chuse to run the Risk of losing
Negroes rather than employ White men, hut they will buy Negroes upon
Credit, give good Security, and pay ten ^ Cent Interest. As for the
Second I shant say that the intended produces cannot he raised without
Negroes, but It is certain they cannot without hard Labour; that of
Silk, for Instance, Is said to he very easy, (10?) and it is true that
the gathering of leafes and attending Worms is no hard work, hut there
is a great deal to do before we come to that part of the Business, the
land must he cleared and Cultivated, the Mi Mulberry trees planted,
fenced in, and well attended, and they must he five or 6 years before
they make any return, because the Stripning them of leafes when Yoimger
would destroy them While the Planter Educates his trees, he must also
^3 (107)
raise provisions for his family, and that it self is not done without
such lahoiir as most white men will find hard in that Climate, I shall
give you a Short Acct. of the Culture required only for these two
Articles, Silk and Provisions, By it you will Jtidge what the labour is,
and what helps may be requisite to encourage and Support the people in
The Best Corn land, is also the fittest for Mulberry trees, and
that is Oak and hickory land. Swamps are too Wet, and Pine lands too
poor; the better this land is, the thicker it is set with large trees
and under them grow Underwood and Canes, The Planter who enters
upon this land must first build himself a house or hutt, next he goes to
clearing, which is done by hev/ing down the underwood, and then falling
the trees and lopping off their Branches. When he thinks he has cut
down as much as he can clean and inclose before Planting time, he cross
cuts some of the Trees, and ^lits them into rails for his fences,
and then destroys the Eubbish tha.t lies upon his field; The Land being
thus cleared, is fit to be planted with (108) Corn, without tilling or
digging out Struips or Hoots; the next thing is to prepare a Piece of his
field for Potatoes; this is done by working it into hills about two foot
high, and about 8 or 9 iii Circumference, this, as well as clearing is
hard work. But an Acre of Potatoe Beds will do for a large family,
after this, or (if there be no immediate danger from hogs) after
planting, the fence is made. It must be raised Seven foot hi^, to keep
out Cattle, and if under, a Man can recover no damgges, the best time
for planting Corn, Potatoes, and pon^aions, is from the middle of March
to the Middle Of April, they are no sooner in the ground than the
^ (108)
Planter is visited "by Crows, Sharkeys, Squirrels &c. who will give him
full Employment, and he is well off, if for all his attendance upon
them he is not obliged to replant once or twice, I have known people
plant over and again till it was too le,te, By the time his Potatoes
and last Sown Corn are passed danger from the Birds, his first Sown
corn will want cleaning, once hoeing will generally do in New ground,
it must also be thinn*d and cleared of Suckers. Pease are planted in
June among the Corn, and when it is grovm about a mans height it is to
be i^ill'd, that is. So much of the Surface of the Earth is to be Scraped
together about the Corn, as will cover two foot of its Stems, this
jfilling effectoxally cleans the Corn, but it is hard work, especially in
New ground; if the Corn has been well Sown (109) Sown, the hills will be
at 6 foot distance, there are three or foior more plants left to every
hill, I should have said before, that the way to plant Corn is to open
the ground with 3 or 4 Strokes of the hoe so as to ntsodc make it some
what light at the same time, and to drop half a Dozen of Grains into
the hole, the grains are dropt so as not to lie too close, and for that
purpose the holes are made oblong, the distance from one Corn hole to the
other is 6 foot, between every two of them (after hoeiiag) is made a
hole for Pease with a Single Stroke of the hoe, and half a dozen or
more Pease are dropt in it at once; then they are cover'd after
hilling there is ground to be prepared for seed Potatoes, the work is
the same with what was done before for the large potatoes, except that
instead of Separate hills, the Earth is raised in continued ridges, into
which the Potatoes vine (which if cut from the other field) is btiried.
This work comes on in July, the reason of this difference in the beds is
45 (109)
that the large potatoes being in Seperate hills are more conveniently
dug out, end without cutting; and the seed Potatoes (being the last
thing that is gatherd) sjre not so much escposed to the frost in continued
beds, as they would be in distinct ones, the aria upon which the hills
or ridges are raised is not to be touched with the hoe, for irfcv'Hr if it
was worked and made light, the Substance that is to nourish the potatoe
would run out and spend it self in long strings; for that Reason Pota
toes ought not to be planted twice upon the same Spot, the making (llO)
beds for them in new ground is terd work, but there is this Advantage in
it, besides that of a good crop, that the land is thereby greatly
improved, the making the Beds and digging out the Potatoes clears the
ground of small StuHips and Hoots, and if Hogs are turned into it in
Winter, they will timble it till it is aaaiaac*3Sish made so light as any
garden ground, the Potatoe field will next year bear a very good crop of
Corn, and will do very well to plant mulberry trees in From the time
the year of the corn is formed till it is lodged in the Barn, it will
be attacked by Racoons, Opessums, and Squirrells, the greatest mischief
is then done in the night, and cannot be totally prevented, hov/ever the
planter will do very well to walk two or three rounds with his dogs
before going to bed The work that remains now to be done before
reaping, is to bxiild a Corn house and potatoes houses and break down the
Corn The Corn houses are made of logs, which must first be barked,
else the worm would soon destroy them, the house is raised upon Posts
or blocks, so as to be three or four feet from the ground, and the Logs
must not be laid so close but that the Air may have free passage It
is coverd with Shingles or Clap boards For the Potatoe house there
46 (110)
is an oMong pit du^, alDOut two foot deep, over tMs pit is made a Eoof
of Strong rails, one end of them rests upon the Edge of the pit, and the
other upon a tree that is Supported by three or more crutches, there is
an opening left for a Man to get in; the rest is coverd with Rice Straw,
or Corn blades, and over that with earth, so that neither rain nor frost
may penetrate, the inside of the house must be strewd with corn blades
to keep the Potatoes from touching the ground, (111) The onening or door
must also be stopp'd up at night with rails and corn blades over them;
Such another house must be made for seed potatoes, and that is not to
be open before planting time; These houses serve but for one year.
As the Com ripens it mast be turned down, which is done by giving the
stalk of it a bruise under the lowest Ear with a short heavy stick. So
that the Stalk bending the Ear may hang down (without touching the
gromd) till it be dry enough to be gatherd. The turning down of the
corn, gives air to the pease, who upon it will grow apace, and over
spread all the Corn, The greatest labour in reaping is that of carry
ing home, which must be done by hands, for there is no Carting it in
land neifly cleared, and it must be done with great diligence, least rain
rot the Corn, and frost spoil the Potatoes, which would certainly happen
if they were not gather'd in time When our Planter has got in his
crop he must go to clearing and fencing again, and so on every year,
for by the time he has clear'd an much as he can plant, he will find his
first cleared land nigh worn out or too grass'y to be planted again;
I know it is a Notion of a great many neople that it would be easier to
clear the old land from weeds and manure it, than to clear new land, but
I can assure you experience shews this to be a mistake, there is no man
47 (111)
tut would cbuse to plant Old fields, if he could make them plantshle
with the seme lahour that the clearing an equal quantity of new land will
cost him, for a planter clears first whet is near home and near water
carriage, the farther he goes, the greater is the lehour of bringing the
Crop home, and the more time spent in attending it while upon tne field,
and so great is the inconvenience at kcaczdqc last, that (112) good houses
and Earns are relinquished, and others built upon new grounds.-In
Carolina Corn fields are Commonly planted but 4 years, I planted one
Six years, not out of Choice, but because I had been taken un in
clearing rice land, and tho the last year I planted but such parts of
the field as seemed not very grassy, I found the Crop was not worth the
The Mulberry trees which I suppose the planter may be provided
with from the publick Hursery, should be planted the second year in the
ground tha.t bore Potatoes, their growth is checked by the Corn, but a
man cannot afford to keep his ground clean for trees only, they taking
up a great deal, for they mast be at 30 foot distance at least, the
holes for them are made 6 foot over and a foot and a half deep, the
holes are half filled with the best mould before the tree is put in, and
when it is, they are filled up with the same; the Tjraes must be kept
very clean and carefully pruned, they must be supported by stakes till
they are strong enough ta Support themselves, and the Stakes must be
renewed every year, few people will be at the trouble of fencing in
their trees, but if they dont the Cattle and hogs when they are turned
into the plantations in Winter, will destroy many of them; As the trees
grow lange, the pruning them becomes more laborious, it is a work that
48 (112)
requires not only assidTiity but Judgment and Skill, It is for want of
this that many who plant ^ mulberry trees make nothing of them, for
under good management they grow very well in that Country, I believe
Silk is the produce most likely to answer esnectation, I ha,ve tried it
as several others have, and am perswaded it will do; what I intend by
this tedious narrative was to shew that these things cannot be raised
without labour, (II3) Labour, nor will make a return till after some
years, I mi^t have taken notice, that let a man be ever so industrious,
a bad Season or accidents may disappoint him of his crop, and that till
he is Seasond to the Climate; he may probably lay out more with the
Docter, than he can get by his work, but I beleive I have said enough
to convince you of the diffic\ilty of the undertaking, and that further
helps and encouragements are necessary -
(117) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to General Oglethorpe,
dated December l4th: 1741.
fhe Trustees uas* having recd an Account of the late dangerous
Behaviour of Captn. Jacob Matthews when at Savannah in August last, and
of the Indians who daily flocked to him, who getting drunk with Hum
used to roar and yell about the Streets as well at lights as Days, to
the Terrour Disturbance and Annoyance of the Inhabitants, and in a
menacing Way demanding Provisions, and encouraged by Mrs. Matthews so
to do, as if they had been denied; Which being a contrary Behaviour in
the Indians to what they formerly were used; It is the evident Effect of
^9 (117)
such Disorders fomented hy this Matthews, who has very much disturbed
the Peace of Savannah, and at whose House Cabals have been carried on
to set at nora^rht the Magistracy aicd Government of the Place. And as this
Matthews is novir under your Command in the Kings Service, the Trustees
desire yoior Authority and Influence to interpose with him and his Wife,
to restrain him from such dangerous Behaviour for the future, and them
both from caballing with the Disturbers of the Peace of the Provinces
And that they may live in due Subjection to the Magistrates, and keep
gwang Peace and good Order with the Indians bordering on Savannah; As
they have so great a Power over them.
The Trustees having allowed at Savannah a Sum not exceeding
D 100. for a Years Charges of the Indians bordering on that Town, as
Occasion shall require it in each Year, exclusive of such Presents as
(118) the President and Assistants of Savannah shall find proper to be
occasionally given them for preserving their Wiendship and to be at
Peace with them; They have instr-ucted the said President and Assistants;
That all Cha^rges of other Indians coming to You on the Kings Service
are to be defrayed by their Conductors and placed to the Kings Account,
and that if any such Charges have already been incurred, the same must
be reimbursed, being an Expence not within the Civil Concerns of the
Colony, and must not for the future be defrayed with the Trustees Ca,sh
in Advance, being appropriated for other Services.
The Trustees not having recd the Accompts of the Expences
defrayed in the Southern part of the Province according to their Esti
mate, as they have those of the Korthern Part; They have directed the
President and Assistants of Savannah, that if on the Receipt of their
50 (118)
Letter, sucli Accompts are not transmitted to be examined and approved by
them and forwarded to the Trust; That no more Bills should be sent to
Frederica for that Service vmtil the Accompts of the Application of the
former shall be sent them. And they have directed them to appoint a
proper Person or Persons to intrust with defraying the Trustees Estimated
Erpences in the Southern part, and regularly accompting for the same,
and corresponding with Mr. Stephens, who is to receive the L 10. a Year
for that Service, which was heretofore allowed Mr. HawJdlns to correspond
with Mr. Stephens; That Allowance being taken from him, as that Service
of his corresponding with (113) Mr. Stephens being not desired any
longer, of which he is made acquainted; And of the Determination the
Common Council have come to upon all his Demands.
The Trustees will be very much obliged to You when any Occasion
happens to give you an Opportunity of infcrcing the Execution of their
Orders; The Persons xaat intrusted with them being required punctually to
obey them. And they wish You all Success in the Execution of the Mili
tary Affairs of the Provinces You have the Care of.
I am Sir. &c.
(121) Copy of a Letter from I4r. Harman Verelst to William Stephens
Esqr. dated December Ihth: 17^1.
On the Ihth. of last month the Trustees rec'd your Letter dated
the 6th. of August last with your Journal from 13th. July before. And
on the 1st. instant they rec'd your Letter dated the 21st. September
51 (121)
last with your Journal "beginning 7th- August before.
The Trustees observe in the Accon^ts of the Expence of the
Colony to Kichas 17^0, that they are only sent for the Northern part,
and an Imprest of it 400. charged to Francis Moore towards discharging
the Establishment at Frederica, the Accompt of which shotild have been
transmitted, as also in wlia,t manner the whole Charges of the Southern
part agreable to the Trustees Estimate has been defrayed to the same
time. V/herefore it is now in Charge to You as President, and to be
notified by You to the Assistants of the County of Savannah, who by
Warrant are authorized to deliver out for issuing, such Sola Bills as
Occe,sion shall require for defraying the Estimated Expences of the Colony
That in Case by the time this Letter reaches You, You have not the
partictilar Accompts of the Charges of the Southern part of the Colony
returned to You to your Satisfaction; That no more Bills be sent them
until such Accompts are received by You. And in Order that a proper
Person or Persons may be appointed by the President and Assistants of
Savannah to defray (122) the Eaqjences in the Southern part, the L 10.
a Year which was allowed Mr. Hawkins the first Bailiff of Frederica,
for corresponding with You, is taken from him (and of which he has
Notice) and is to be applied by You to such Person or Persons as You
and the said Assistants shall think proper to intrust with defraying
the Expences in the Southern part, and regularly accompting for the same,
and corresponding with You. And You are further instructed not to
deliver ary Sola Bills by Warrant for partictilar Services to be issued,
until an Accoirrpt is returned You of the Application of the former Sola.
Bills delivered to be issued, that have not been so accompted for.
52 (122)
And in Case You and the other Issuers of Sola Bills have not in
your future Accompts made out since Michas 17^0, charged your Selves
with all the Sola Bills, or any other Monies that may have come to your
Hands;^ on tiie Trustees Accotint; You are hereby instructed to do so from
the beginning to the time of the Eeceipt of this Letter, and to take
Credit for the Expences You have defrayed; Whereby the Balance remaining
for the further Service of the Colony may appear; And You are to con
tinue to do so by Monthly Accompts, always carrying on the former
Balances, end making a Balance every Month. By this Method the Accompts
will be regularly kept vip, and appear in a clear Light.
The Behaviour of I4r. Js,cob Mathews gives the Trustees greet
Uneasiness, and they have wrote ftdly to the General on that Occasion;
That He may use his Authority to restrain him from his audacious (123)
Behaviour towards the Ifegistrates, so dangerous to the Peace of Savannah.
As to the Cession of Land to his Wife, late Musgrove*s Widow, the
Trustees when Musgrove was in Bn^and granted him 500.^ Acres of Land,
but to be no part of what the Indians had reserved to themselves; And
therefore it is necessary to know how the said 500.^ Acres were set out,
or if ever taken up; Por it vpis always the Trustees Intention that the
Lands reserved for the Indians should remain their Property, and not to
have it in the Indians Pov/er to be deceived or drawn into the parting
with them to anybody.
The Trustees very much approve of your scrupling to comply with
I)uchee*s Bequest of the L 50* Loan, which must never be permitted to
any one without a particular Direction from the Trustees. For they have
put an entire Stop to any such Methods of assisting the Inhabitants
53 (123)
for the futijre, which the General has been acquainted with some time
As to the Charges of the Indians within the Trustees Estimate,
that relates only to those which immediately border on the Settlements,
not to Indians that come down from the Nations in their Way to General
Oglethorpe for the King's Service; Eor those Charges the Trustees have
nothing to do with. And if any such has been. You are to apply to have
the Generals Bill of Exchange for the King's Service drawn as he does
his other like Bills, to reimbiirse You so much on the Tirustees Accovint.
But for the future whoever has the Care of such Indians, they must bear
the Expences (124) they create, whether of Presents or Refreshments.
And such Expences must not be born by the TrTistees Cash in Advance.
The Tjrastees are well pleased with James Dormer's Care and Ser
vice as Pilot at tl^bee, and approve his being stationed there on the
same Terms as Peter Emery was intended; And they hope the Methods taken
for supplying the Loss of the Beacon until the new one is erected, will
prevent any Ships being disappointed by the Want of that usefull and
known Land Mark.
As to the Neglect of Guard Duty it must be prevented; And the
Trustees will consider of the most effectual Method of having it duly
As to Fallovtfield's Behaviour it is very dissatisfactory, the
Trustees have had no Account from him of the Ship Dormer brought in,
his acting as Na-val Officer was by the General's Direction; Tintil the
Commissioners of the Customs have settled the Method of having proper
Officers in Georgia.
54 ^ (124)
TVift Irtistees approve of your Condtict with Mrs. Cajsnis, and direct
that She may by all possible means be prevented coming to England; Eor
it will be Quite an \mnecessary Expence, and she will be disappointed in
any Ejcpectations of Encouragement here. Since what further Encourage
ment, if any is necessary, which the Trustees have left to You and the
Assistants at Savannah to consider of; is for her continuing and in
structing others in Georgia in her Knowledge for the increasing the
Produce of Silk. And as the ^Vustees have ordered, that no Bounty shall
be paid for Silk Balls raised at Purysburgh, if (125) the Persons con
cerned in raising Silk there will come and settle in Georgia, they may
be encouraged thereto.
The Trustees have appointed Captain Kent at Augusta a Conservator
of the Peace, whose Constitution is Sealed, and will be brought over by
a new Recorder for Savannah in the room of John Pye who is removed from
that Office, as also from being Clerk to the President and Assistants
at Savannah. And a proper Person is appointed here to Succeed him in
both Offices.
The Trustees have also appointed a new Register in the room of
John Brownfield, who will come over with the Recorder by the next
Carolina Ship. And the Trustees believe the new Recorder and Register
will prove very well q^ualified for the Execution of their respective
The Trustees having long since sent over L 150. in their Sola
Bills, and paid i, 150. more for a Bill of Exchange, making i 300. to be
laid out in building a Church at Savannah, are much surprized they have
no Account of any Progress made therein, nor any Mention of the said
55 (125)
ii 300. being in Casli for that piorpose. They ere of Opinion, that the
Foundation should he of Stone, and that good Seasoned Oak Wood Work
lath'd and plaistered with Oyster Shells Lime will last a great Uumher
of Years, and come within the Trustees said Estimated Sum of L 3OO. which
the Trustees would not have exceeded.
The Trustees further direct; That no Expence whatsoever he made,
hut whet the Estimate provides for; And they desire to know to what Use
the new Plantation near the Town is put to, whereon the Trust Servants
(126) are enroloyed, instead of cultivating Bouverie's Farm, which jf it's
appr^ended, has created the Eacpence of an additional Overseer.
Daniel Mackay having sent over a Claim on the Tmistees upon
Oath, and a Letter of Attorney to demand it; The Trustees have sent You
a Copy thereof for You and Mr. Jones to examine & report upon. And they
have been informed, that Captain Patrick Mackay has sent over an Accompt
claiming a large Sum, which has not yet been laid before the Trustees;
You are therefore desired to acQuaint the Triistees, if any thing appears
in their Books as due to him.
The Trustees have rec'd a Letter from John Pye dated 4th. October
last, which will be considered in a few days, and Instructions sent You
thereupon. But in his Conclusion, he writing; Thai if his Credit should
fail, and Necessity oblige him, he should draw for the Balance of his
Accompt, which he thereby claims to be L 63:15* or thereabouts. You
are therefore to acquaint him not to draw any Bill on the Trustees, for
th^ will not pay any such Bill; Bu.t You are to pay him some Money upon
Accompt, without yet acauainting him of his being discharged. And the
new Recorder who comes over in a few days by the next Carolina Ship,
56 (126)
will "bring You the Tfustees full Directions on Pyes Claim.
You are directed to acquaint Mr. Jones; That the Trustees are
very well pleased with his Conduct and Abilities to serve the Trust,
and therefore You are to encourage him to persevere in his .Indeavours;
Tor the Trustees will constantly protect him, and give him all the
Encouragement in their Power.
(127) The Earl of Egmont having sent three Tu'bs of Vine Cuttings
to the Office for the Benefit of the Colony, they are Shipped on hoard
the Eitchfield Captain Joseph Campbell, and consigned to Mr. m. Hopton
at Charles Town to be forwarded to You; Whereof one Tub is for your
Self, another Tub for such of the Inhabitants, whether Germans or others,
that will use them this Year, among which Baillou and Graham are to have
some; And the other Tub is for Captain Horton, but sent at this time as
the most proper Season, and is left to You to make it most usefull to
him, either by forwarding it to the South to be taken Care of against
hie Arrival with Captain Thomson, who brings him and his whole Company
in Addition to the General's Regiment next Month; Or to preserve them
tmder your Care until he wants to use them. And herewith You have a
Copy of the Bill of Lading, which was sent to Mr. Hopton with them.
I am Sir. &c.
Herewith You have a Copy of the Trustees Letter to Mr. Hawkins, of his
Claim, and the Determination thereupon for your Guidance. As also a
Copy of his Accompt with the Store at Erederica, wherein he is stated
Debtor L 32.16.5-3/^ which in his Abstract of his Accompt he gives no
Credit for
57 (129)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to Mr, Eiomas Jones, dated
December l4tli: 1741.
(Tile Trustees are very well plea.sed with the Exactness of the
Accompts You sent them hy Captain Thomson, and are well satisfied in
your Capacity to serve themp But they are sorry to find their Accompts
in the Southern part of the Province were not oerfected for You while
detained four Months at Frederics.; Whereupon Mr. Stephens is instructed;
that in Case hy the time such Instruction reaches him, the particular
Accompts of the Charges of the Southern part of the Colony are not
received to the Satisfaction of the President and Assistants of
Savannah; That no more Bills he sent them until such Accompts are
received. And the Trustees have taken from Mr. Hawkins the L 10. a Year
allowed for his corresponding with Mr. Stephens, end given him Notice
thereof, and that such Service is not required from him; Which L 10. a
Year is to he applied to such Person or Persons as the said President
and Assistants shall think proper to intrust with defraying the Esti
mated Expences in the Southern part of the Colony, and regularly
accompting for the same, and for corresponding with Mr. Stephens.
And as in the Accompts sent over there is no Charge made of the
Sola Bills, or Cash received on the Trustees Accompt; You are directed
to charge the whole received from the beginning of yours and the other
Issuers of Sola Bills jointly with You, which have come to your Hands,
and to take Credit for the Expences You have defrayed; Whereby the
Balance (I30) remaining for the further Service of the Colony may appear
And You are to continue to do so hy montly Accompts, always carrying on
58 (130)
the former Balances, and making a Balance esrery month; By which Method
the Accompts of the Colony will he regularly kept up, and appear in a
clear Light.
The Trustees very much approve of your Behaviour relating to Mr,
Hawkinss Demand; They have sent Mr. Stephens a Cony of their Letter to
Mr. Hawkins, of his Claim, and the Determination thereupon for his and
your Guidance. And to prevent Bills for administering Physick in the
Southern part for the future; The Trustees desire the same Method of
paying for such occasional and necessary Seivice as directed hy the
Estimate foi the South, shoiild he piirsued there as in the Northern
part; In Order, that as much may he saved on that head of Expence as
may he: Eor though the Sum is estimated not to he exceeded, yt it was
never intended to he all consumed, if a Saving could he made therein;
But so much only as real Necessity, and the Service to he defrayed
therewith did absolutely require. Which being paid for as the Occasion
arose, wotild prevent Bills, and he consistent with the Trustees Direc
tion of defraying every Expence they order with ready Money.
The Charges of Indians within the Trustees Estimate relating only
to those which immediately border on the Settlements. The Trustees
hearing of other Indians which come from the Nations in their Way to
General Oglethorpe for the King's Service, and whereon Charges do attend
them, do hereby acquaint You; That the Charges of such last mentioned
Indians, while (131) at Savannah, are not to he horn hy the Trustees.
And if any such have been. You are to apply for the General's Bills for
the Eii^g's Service, to reimburse You so much on the Trustees Accompt,
And for the future, whoever has the Charge of such Indians, they must
59 (131)
bear the Expences they create, whether of Presents or Refreshments; And
such Expences must not he horn hy the Trustees Cash in Advance,
As the Trustees approve of your Conduct and Abilities to serve
them, they iaxxs. desire your Perseverance; And You may rest assured of
their constant Protection, and giving You all the Encouragement in
tneir Power, depending on j/'our Justice and Prudence in behaving to the
People in such manner as is consistent with the good Government, Peace
and Welfare of the Province.
I am Sir &c.
(133) Copy of a letter from Mr. Harman 7erelst to Mr. Thomas ^awkins,
dated December l4th. 1741.
Herewith You receive a Copy of the Proceedings and Determination
on your letter. Claims end Accompts. The i 13.13.- ordered You has been
paid to Captn. Thomson, by Virtue of your letter of Attorney; And what
soever shall be found due to You in Georgia by the President and Assis
tants of Savannah from Micha,s 1739 will be paid You by them.
The Trustees have authorized the said President and Assistants,
to appoint a proper Correspondence with Col. Stephens, the Allowance
therefore of 1 10. a Year by the Estimate for that Service is to be
applied by them for such Correspondence and other Services directed to
such Person or Persons as they shall en^ploy; The Trustees not requiring
any more that Service from You; Whereby that Allowance to You on the
Receipt of their letter ceases.
I am Sir &c.
60 (137)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman, Verelst to William Stephens Esqr.,
dated Fehroary 9th. 17^l/2
The Committee of Accompts having made the following Minutes,
wherein the President and Assistants 8,t Savannah receive Instructions;
I cannot better give them, than by a Transcript of them. vizt,
November 1 6th. 1741.
Head a Certificate from General Ogelthorpe dated 6th. May 1741.
That Captain Thomson had delivered Dr. Thomas Hawkins by his Orders,
Drugs and Medicines to the Amount of i 29*9*6. Part whereof being to
replace Medicines taken out of the King's Chest for the Trust Service,
and the Eesidue to a.ns\ifer the Trustees Orders.
That it is the Opinion of this Committee; That the said i 29*9*6
ought to be paid to Captain Thomson. But that General Ogelthorpe and
Dr. Hawkins be wrote to, not to receive any thing for the futvire for the
Trustees Use, without having it paid for at the same time with the Money
appropriated for such Service by the Trustees Estimate. And that Mr.
Stephens and the Assistants at Savannah be acquainted with this Payment
to Captain Thomson, and a Copy of the Particulars be sent them; That the
same may be accompted for, as part of the Estima,ted Expences.
Eead a Letter from Dr. Thomas Hawkins to the Trustees Accomptent,
claiming i 50. for (I38) two Year's Charges of a Boat and two Hands from
6th. November I736 to 6th. November I738, disallowed by a former Com
mittee of Accompts; They having then allowed him all his extraordinary
Pees in his Bills to that time, on the Inducement for the Expence of
61 (138)
his Boat. And further claiming hy his said Letter L 1:2;- and
L -:l6:- as wrong charged to his Accon5)t in the Store Books at Savannah;
And also claiming L the Loss of a Canoe, that attended the
Spaniards who came to Pike's Landing.
That it is the Opinion of this Committee, to adhere to their
former Disallowances. But in Consideration of Dr. Hawkins's past
Services in general; That L I3.I3.- he paid him in full of all Claims
and Demands whatsoever to Micha,elmas 1739*
This Committee then took into Consideration the said Dr. Hawkins's
Claims of L 74.2.4/ for Medicines and Attendances of the Sick, for a
Coffin, Wine, Hurses. fresh Provisions, and extraordinary Necessaries
from Michaelmas 1739 to Michaelmas 1740; And of L 14.-.10 for a
Quarter of a Year's Salary as Magistrate, and Corresponde k with
Colonel Stephens.
Tliat Copies thereof he sent over to the President and Assistants
at Savannah, authorized hy the Trustees to defray the Estimated Expences
in Georgia; And that they do examine the Services really performed, and
determine the (139) Allowances proper to he made out of the Estimated
Sums appropriated for those Purposes; And that they do pay him what they
shall find to he due. And that no Encouragement he given to Persons
who shall apply to England for Payment of Services ordered to he
defrayed in Georgia.
These Minutes having been approved hy the Common Council, the
L 13.13.- has been paid Captain Thomson, hy Virtue of a Letter of
62 (139)
Attorney from I)r, Hawkins, -^d herewith you hsve Copies of all the
Particulars beforementioned;/ As also of Dr. Hawkins's Accorapt v;ith the
Store at Frederica, whereon he is stated Dr. L 32.l6.53/^ V/hich in
the Abstract of his Accompts stated by himself, wherein all his Claims
are inserted, he gives no Credit for. You will therefore take Care,
that this Balance due to the Trust is paid, or accompted for to them.
I un Sir &c.
(I4l) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to His Excellency
General Oglethorpe, dated February l6th. 17^1.
Herewith you have a Copy of a Letter of Attorney sent over by
Captain Jacob Mathews and his Wife, to apply to the Trustees for a Grant
of Land alledged to be given them by the Creek Indians, in Reward for
Mrs. J^athews's Services, by Virtue of a Talk held for that purpose.
Copies of both which herewith sent you, the Trustees desire the Favour
of your perusing, and acp^usi^^'ing them how You think the Claim stands;
As this Land, the Trustees apprehend to be part of wha.t the Indians
reserved for their own Use, which if necessary to have been Kimppr
acquired for the Service of the Colony; The Trustees themselves, or
yo\ir Self as one of them, should have obtained the Indians Consent, and
not Captain Mathev;s or his Wife; But as You are mentioned to be
present at the Talk, if you are of Opinion the Tract should be granted,
some Care must be taken to express in the Grant; Tha.t the Indians
Cession thereof being first made to You on behalf of the Trustees, and
63 (l4l)
You recommending the said Captain ^"^athevrs and his Wife for a Grant
thereof, the same was so granted. As to that part of the Letter of
Attorney, setting up a Claim for her interpreting, the Trustees know of
no Service (1^2) done for them, hut what She has been paid for.
I am Sir &c.
(145) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to Mr. John Fallowfield,
dated February l6th. 1741.
Your forgetting the Duty of a Magistrate to preserve Feade and
the Authority of Government, and heading a discontented Party to become
Petitioners with your Self against the Trustees Conduct, setting up
yo\ir Selves for Dictators, and prescribing Hules to bring all Order into
Confusion, is an Offence of that Nature to the Trust, who appointed you
a Magistrate for other Purposes; That they have thought fit to discharge
you from the Office of second Bailiff and one of the Assistants at
Savannah. And have sent over their Constitution of another Person in
your Room.
Persons not content with Government are equally unable to govern
themselves, as chuse their own Governors. And the Trustees having no
further Service for you, who take upon you thus to act, directed my
acquainting you therewith.
I am Sir &c.
64 (149)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Haririan Verelst to Mr. Henry Myreover, John
Henney, Abraham Greeney, and Christian Gambert, dated February l6th.
Tour Letter and Petition of l6th. April last having been read,
and the following Balances claimed by You having been reported due.
The Trustees are ready to pay those Sums to your Order in England, as
other Debts of the like Nature have been. Captain Thomson, when he
arrives, will put You in the Method; Or by Virtue of this letter indorsed
by You for the respective Sums, you may order to whom they shall be paid
here. vizt.
To Henry Myreover. Thirty five pounds eleven shillings and three
pence three farthings Sterling.
John Henney. Fifteen pounds nine shillings and six pence
Abrfeham Greeney. Two pounds seven shillings and two pence
And Christian Gembert. Thirty pounds twelve shillings and one penny
three farthings Sterling.
I am &c.
(153) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. ,
dated February l6th. 1741.
On the 4th. instant the Trustees received your Letter dated 29th.
65 (153)
Octolier and 12th. November last, with a Copy of your Journal from 6th.
October 1740 to 27th. November following; Of which the Original was
never received; And your last Journal, accompanied with the said
Letter, makes the whole compleatThe Chest of Silk came by the same Ship, and will be delivered
tomorrow; The Behaviour of Mrs. Camus deserves a particular Care of.
There was a Family among the Germans on board the Europa, said to
understand the Silk, and it may be in ell its Branches of Produce; If
you find them capable of discerning the Knowledge of Mrs. Camus's
winding off the Silk from the Balls, let them be provided with a Wheel
and other Necessaries, ^this Family is Christopher Burgemeister, who
has a Wife and three Sons. If you find them knowing in this Business,
you are to encourage them to take Female Apprentices; And if they do so,
you are to allow 6.^ a day for their Maintenance; For there must be some
Checque to Mrs. Camuss extraordinary Demands, to prevent her over
valuing her Self.
The Salitrum Seed wrote to You about, was sent to Dr. Hawkins in
July 1739; But (15^) if found usefull, it was sent for the Benefit of
the Colony, not for the Southern part only. Herewith you have some more
in a Bottle, which you would do well to endeavour to raise in the
Colony. The Receipt herewith sent, how to use it, is accounted a sure
itxi Remedy to cure the Bloody Flux; And herewith you have also another
Receipt for curing the Flux.
The Trustees have appointed You and Captain Kent Conservators of
the Peace, and herewith you receive the Constitutions.
You having wrote favourable of John Pye, whom the Trustees had
66 (15^^)
"before the Receipt of your Letter removed from the Office of Recorder,
and appointed Charles Watson in his Room, who comes over with the Ship
which brings you this, and carrys his Nephew George Elliott a Youth
about Ih Years old over xfith him as a Servant; Herewith you have the
Constitution: But the Trustees authorize you to use it, or not use it,
as you shall see proper. And in Case you find it necessary to continue
John Pye, the Trustees consent to his having the Salary for himself and
Clerk, and Allowance for his Servant, paid him from Lady Day 17^0, as an
Encouragement for him to behave well; But if you do not continue him,
then to be paid from the 15th. of August 1740, the Day he was sworn in.
The Trustees received a Letter from him dated 27th. October last, which
they do not answer, as the whole is left to the Directions now given
(155) If John Pye is continued in his Office, John Eallowfield
is removed from the Office of second Bailiff, and one of the Assistants;
And herewith you have a Letter to give him, if Pye continues; Which sets
forth the Reason of his Removal. And Thomas Jones the third Bailiff is
appointed second Bailiff, and Charles Watson who v;as to have been
Recorder, is appointed third Bailiff and one of the Assistants in the
Room of Thomas Jones; And herewith you have the proper Constitutions
for that purpose. Charles Watsons Place is to be made up by the
Trustees in some Shape or other, eq.ual to that of Recorder; Which if he
does not succeed to the Recorders Office, and should mention it, you
may assure him of.
John Dobell, the late Schoolmaster at Savannah, ret-urns by this
Ship, and is to have the Allowance of L 10. a Year as a Catechist or
67 (155)
Schoolmaster, to instruct the Children; And he is appointed Register of
the i*rovince, in the Room of John Brownfield, the Duty of both which
Offices he is very desirous to perforin to Satisfaction. He has in one
of his Boxes a Paper Bundle for Messieurs Bolzius and Gronau; And under
his Care are four Tubs of Vine Cuttings sent to the Office by Dr. Hales,
containing about 1,200 of the Burgundy Sorts, named the Averneau and
the Miller, which are to be planted for the Benefit of the Colony.
the same Ship there is a Case nsk inark*d (156) H.P.B. con
signed to Mr. Eopton by Bill of Lading (a Copy whereof is herewith sent
you) which belongs to the Saltzburghers, and should have come by the
Europa, but I could not get it discharged v/ithout an Entry at the Custom
House, for which there was not then time; Which Case and the Bundle
beforementioned, please to forward to Ebenezer.
That part of your Letter concerning vacating Lotts, in Order to
be filled by new Owners, is under Consideration; And you will soon
receive full Instructions therein.
I am Sir &c.
(157O For the Revd. D: Bearcroft Secretary to the Society for the
Propagation of the Gospel &c.
St. Martins Street Leicerter Fields
19 Feby, 1741-2
The annexed Notitia Parochialis of Frederica, as far as I have
considerd it, is I think very exact. The District of Savannah I am not
68 (157)
at present so certainly acquainted with as to distinguish it under the
same several heads, and therefore ha,ve omitted giving any farther
Account of it, than what regards the number of persons baptized by
me there, Of these you will observe three to be Indian Children namely,
Eichd. Everard Griffin aged 9 ) Sons of Bdv;d. Griffin
Mary Griffin agsd aged 5 ) half Indian, and Schochanah
Francis Griffin 1 ) an Indian Woman
Their Sponsors were Mr. Fallowfield Mr. Pye Magists. Sir Eichd.
Everard Bart., Mr. Williams and Mr. Even, Mrs. Matthews, Mr. Pye and
Mr. Buchee.
Mrs. Matheitfs, who is Sister to their decea.sed Father, and a. good Woman,
has taken them into her house, the better to direct their Conduct and
Instruction; which tho I look upon as the best natural and providential
Pledge of their becoming good Christians, *tis much to be feared, unless
the Grace and providence of God keep pace with the Zeal and purity of
their Views herein, that, in the Course of their Journey, they may too
easily fall in with the Number at Frederica, who have but few Stages
more to make, till they become Heathens and Infidels in SpecnHation as
well as practice. I have seen none so generally corrupted as they are,
and who by a Common Association, have discoxintenanced all Face of Order,
Virtue end Conformity to Laws, the very Qualities which conduce most to
the (158) happy end safe Establishment of a people? but the result
indeed has too sadly proved the folly and Mischief of their Councils,
for they are become a desolation and Byword to their Neighbours Had
not the Ax been laid to the Hoot of Eeligion, as soon almost as it began
to take kindly there, what reasonable Presages might we not have had.
69 (158)
from proper Cultivation and Encouxegejnent of making them an happy
people from being an holy one, and good Subjects from being good Chris
tians. This disappointment so fatally laboured. Sharpens, I must own,
Bjy Sorrow and Resentment so much the more, as an Early Tincture of
Devotion seasoning the passions of so Infant a SS Colony might have
effectually preserved them from so total a Corruption; and where Piety
if duly encouraged could not but he.ve thriven, as Wickedness properly
discotmtenanced would doubtless be in a great measure supuressed. Had
the Cause of Religion and the good of mankind, which is the Cause and
Will of God, been continued to be the real objects of their Zeal, as
they appeared to be their primary ones, the Asstirances of the divine
Assistance, as Well in such ten^oral as Spiritual Concerns, being most
reasonable, and also better ascertained, seldom fail in the Issue; and
naturally all things proper best by the use of the same mssm means
whereby they first were formed. But Colonys not conducted by the
Salutary Principles of Religion and Civil Liberty, make the Advantages
of Situation and a fruitfiill Soil Vain, since there can be no encourage
ment but by a good Government and Laws to improve and settle in them. My
Vigilance and Circumspection in so momentous a Concern as I had been
engaged in there, I trust, is no vrays answerable for the defeat, and
for the loss of those Souls, which may have perished by it, many of
whom now - are not? (159) The double Burthen, which lay upon me, I
ever considerd as Motives only to redouble my application; And as I
had no Ambition to rise into Esteem and distinction by any other Method
than an uniform Direction of my Ministry in forwarding the Salvation of
those committed to my Charge so was I governed by now Rules in the
70 (159)
Exercise of this sacred Function which did not coincide with this
View; and as it has teen herein the Case, so will I ever trust to the
providence of God for my Bread, rather than sneaMngly, treacherously,
and complyingly dwell in State amidst the Tents of Ungodliness.
I am
Your humtle Servant
Will; Norris
(160) An Acct. of the Number of Children baptized in the Colony of
Georgia from Cct. 173 ^0 Aug. 1741. By the Eevd. Will: Norris
Baptized at
Savannah in
Yrs. Bapt.
1738 ... 10
17'^9 ... 29
1740 ... 9 N.B. three of these were
1741 ... 9
The Proportion of the English to the Germans &c in Savannah by
the Number of the Baptized
English .... 5
No. Baptized of Germans ... .24
Indians .... 3
71 (160)
( at Frederica in 1739 .5
( at St. Simons in 1739 ..... 19
Bspt. 1740.16
( at St. Andrews in 1739 ..... 9
The Proportion of the English to the Germans & Soldiers at Frederica
By the ITumher of the Baptized.
English .... 9
Eo. Baptized of Germans .... 5
Soldiers. . . . 71
(Pages 161 through 164 consist of a printed record of the Resolutions
of the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia, and were not
copied. )
72 (165)
E. of Egmont to Genl. Oglethorpe
London 11 March 1741/2
Dear Sir
I take this opportunity of Capt. Hortons departure to renew my
respects to you, and to tell you that we ar-e all again in confusion,
for the Country party remain unsatisfied with the few changes made, and
the Duke of Argyle has again retired from Court and layd down his Eraploymts. Lord Staires who arrived from Scotland two or three days since,
in expectation of "being employd, has refused the Command of the Army or
to go Ambassador abroad. The Duke of Montague has again kK kist hands
for the Ordenance, and Lord Hertford is restored to his Regiment. The
Walpolian party (for so it is called) stick together under Henry Pelhams
leading, and two days ago got a Victory, by rejecting a Motion made by
Lord Limerick for a Coimnittee to enquire into the Conduct of affairs at
home and abroad for 20 years past. They were 244 against 242. The
Speaker gave it for the Ayes, but the Divison shewed he was mistaken.
This has raised the Spirit of the Victors, and tis apprehended will
Confirm his Majesty in his Resolution to take into place as few Tories
as possible. So the liappiest opportunity that could happen of making an
united people is lost, for they were determined to come over and Support
the Government on a Whig bottom, as Mr. Pialtney, who managed the affair,
himself assured me. Tho the Prince is returned to Court, he leaves his
Servants to Act as they please, who ell adhere to the Country party.
Lord Baltimore excepted, who is to be a Lord of the Admiralty if not
already done, and Lord Archibald. Hamilton, named likewise (166) to the
Same Post, There axe Pension and Place Bills advancing in the House of
73 (166)
Commons, but whg.t fate they will hsve in the House of Lords is uncer
tain. Had.dock is returning home, and Sr. John Norris was Orderd to
releive him, but he has laid down because not made a Peer, and set at
the Head of the Admiralty, So much for News.
Mr. Norris who arrived some time ago has presented a Scandalous
Libel against you to the Incorporate Society, charging you with being
the Cause of his leaving the Colony. It is as long as a Sermon; He
Says that the first day of his arrival at Prederica you bid him be gone,
that some time after you took him by the Collar, and orderd Mr. Eyre to
kick him. That you set the Inferiour Officers to abuse him, and at last
sent him away in an open boat with a felon to disgrace him. 'That when
the Grant Jury intended to present divers persons for Adultery and
fornication, Ard the Magistrates were disposed to Act therein, you
rebuked both, declaring that the American Colonies were lands of
Liberty, and such things oxjght not to be taken notice of. That when he
complained to you that he had been drawn in to many a Woman to another,
her first Husband being living and a prisoner with the Spaniards, you
replyed it was the Custom to marry women whose Husbands had been Absent
18 months; That a Drummer might marry as well as a Minister, and you
found the Clergy alw'ays ambitious of invading the Civil Power, and
giving trouble. As to the Inhabitants of Frederica, he says they are
the most profligate debauched and reprobate People on Earth and as they
are now in practice, will (16?) in a very little tirre be Atheists in
Theory. He adds that he could not preach in the room destined for that
purpose in the Fort because you had converted it into a Store house and
filled it with Casks. This infamous Narration being backd by
74 (167)
Certificstes of his good Behevioxir, he gave to the Society, which heing
refer'd to a CoBjmittee, they reported he had good cause for coming
away, and thereupon the Society Orderd him payment of 75 for arrears
of Sailary. When I heard this, I complained of their maJcing a Eeport
ex parte, and countenancing a mm capable of thus defaming a Gentleman
unheard, and I desired a Copy of the Narrative to send you, which the
Secretary was willing to give me, hut co'uld not \mtill he had permission
from the Society, and as they will not meet in the Short time thah
Captain Horton stays. It cannot he sent you. I think it would he of use
in Vindication of your Character so intollerahly abused, that you would
send over an Account of his behaviour whilst at Frederica, and of yo'urs
to him.
We are in Search of a Minister for Frederica, which we find very
hard to get upon the Allowance we give and cannot encrease, I do not
expect the ahovementioned Society will pay again for another. If we
could give assurance that he should he Chaplain to your Eegiment, enough
would he fo-und.
The Scotch Malecontents at Charles Town have by their printed
pan^hlet so poisoned the Scotch Society at Edinburgh that they v/ill send
no more Minister to Darien, which Town Ixtr. Macloud has represented to
them as dispersed and ruined by your Arbitrary behaviour and leading
them to the Siege of Augustine. Never was so much Malice as (l68) at
this time heaped together against you, the Tjrustees and Magistrates, and
here are young Stephens, Eobt. Williams, Andrev? Grant, and Mr. Norris
v/ith others, I know not the names of, ready to give testimony before the
Parliament against us, if suffer'd; but Sr. Eichard Everard died last
75 (168)
Three of our Common Council h?ve quitted us, Mr. Sloper, Mr.
Thomas Archer, end Capt. Eyles; who ere to he succeeded hy Mr. Hume
Campbell, Sr. John Barrington and Mr. Tuffrial. Mr. Caxey is also to he
a Trustee, who last year was no friend to us.
We have not yet presented our Petition, hut shall do it in a
week, when we design to ask for 10000 L.
17. March. The Colony is this das- undone, for upon presenting our
Petition and the Motion to refer it to the Committee, Sr, John ]^rnd
Cotton divided the House and it was carried hy 13 not to refer it.
We intend if possible to recover it, hut it is douhtfull. Mr. Verelst
will write you mor upon it; Such Ignorance of Great Britains true
Interest, in giving up a Province without one word of debate, and such
breach of Puhlick Path to the poor Foreigners and natural horn Subjects
must Surprize all Europe, and rejoyce the Spaniards. The Carolinians
may triumph in annexing Georgia again to their province, for that must
he the Consequence, (if not retrievable) and our Clamarous Malecontents
may rejoice to he Subjects under them, hut I question whether Carolina
will not he urgent for as great sums to defend her self now this Barrier
is gone, as the Trustees apply for. I am
Your most affect, ohedt. Servt.
(169) To Sr. Ahralram Elton Bart. & the Honhle. Edward Southwell Esqr.
Bristol 13 March 17^1/2
76 (169)
As the affairs of the Coloxiy of Georgia are like to he laid
before the House of Commons this Sessions, representing the hardships
the people have tindergone, and still must encrease even to the ahaadoning the Colony, unless soon prevented hy such Salutary Alterations as hy
Parliamt. shall he thought proper, such as a fee simple to their lands,
a Council and Assembly to he chosen out of the people, end in other
aspects to enjoy the British Privileges as his Majestys other Colonies
do. We being desirous to further so good a work, and that the trade of
this Nation may he cultiveted hy that of Georgia, which hy the methods
tis now in can never he generally advantageous. Notwithstanding the
Aids of Parliament; do request you will as much as in you lies endeavour
the accomplishing so good a Design, and if any Petition shall he thought
necessary to Parliament from this City vre do not doubt hut you will have
it on first Notice. We are
Your humble Servants
GeoJ Dauheny, Nehemiah Champion, Ri. Farr, Ja. Hillhouse, Chrisr.
Devonshire, Jo. King, Edward Willcox, Jo. Elton, Jo. Foy, Dyonel Lyde,
Jo. Beecher, Jos; Jeffreys, Isaac Hohhouse, Will, Jeffreys, Michl.
Beecher, Tho. Longman, Abel Grant, Will; Hare, Ehenezr. Hare, Ric.
Henville, Waltr. Loijgher, Will/ Huet, Wm. Hart Junr., Ja. ^ Day, Will
Davie, Francis Rogers, Will Challoner
77 (173)
Andrew Grant to the E. of Egmont
London 15 March 174l/2
May it please your Lordship
As I am lately come from the province of Georgia And as I am
amongst the Eldest Settlers there as well as the greatest Sufferers, I
He imposes; he htunhly presume to lay my Case before you. Nine years have I resided in
landed in
Georgia June that province, and have endeavoured by all L8,wfull means to get a
173^1 and left
the Colony 30 living. But alas, I found to my sad exjjerience it was impossible; My
August 17^;
So that he was Lord I speak not thus out of any Self View or design, or from any
but 6 years there,
tho he might takdisgust to the Colony, or any person in it (for if I could I would
trips between
Carolina and rather live in Georgia than any place I know) It is from a thoroijgh
Georgia. I know
not if he was Conviction of the truth of what I say, that I dare trouble yoior Lordhimself ever ?t
his olentation, ship with it; I have Sunk in that Colony tv/o thousand pound Sterling,
if he was it was
but 3 years & which Indeed is my all, this I did not spend in Taverns, as I am inhalf from the
very day of his fonned Mr. Causton, Col. Stephens, and Mr. Jones have wrote to the
landing, for he
removed from Honble. Trustees; No my Lord, I am able to account for Every farthing
thence to live a
trader in Sava- of it laid out. Either in planting. Building or debts that are due me
nah town Jany.
b737*3 from the Inhabitants there. This I can attest in the most Solemn manner:
My Lord, people who have Salarys from the Honble. Trustees, in order to
preserve their present livings may endeavour to put things in a better
light than they really are. And some who writes home never had any
Experience in planting. But no person in the Colony planted with more
S^i Spirit than I, most of the Improvements at the Ogeechee being at my
He was in part- expence, nine hundred Toounds Sterling and upwards I lost by planting:
nership with
William Sterl- The (174) House I built in Savannah Tovi?n cost me five hundred pounds
ing, as appears
by their Ac- Sterling more and that is now Empty and west: Six hundred uounde!
compt Sign'd by " "
both 26 May 1739
Sent to the
Trustees, So that
but half thi s
Loss was his
78 (17^)
The Cost here Sterling is due to me among the Tjeoole; All this money I have lost So
mentiond was
not on acct. of that now I have not wherewith to help my Self,
planting, hut
he was a Trader The World generally allow the unfortunate to complain. And as I
and So trusted
the people for am in the number, I ventured to tell my Greivances to your Lordship,
believing there is none of the Honble. Board, more humane end Compas
sionate than yoTir Self.
If I have given any offence, I in the most humble manner ask
pardon. Sure I am none was intended by
Yoiir Lordships
Most humble and obedt. Servt.
And: Grant
(177) Copy of a Letter from Mr, Harman Verelst to His Excellency
General Oglethorpe, dated March 24th. 1741.
Your Letter to me dated 12th. November last being read to the
Common Council, they ordered the L 25.to be paid me to answer your
Bill for the 6,000 Mulberiy Plants, you purchased for the Southern part
of Georgia.
Captain Horton having applied for the Passage and Subsistence of
thirty Heads of Women and Children going over with his Company of
Grenadiers, to settle in Georgia; The Trustees have paid their Passage,
and subsisted them from 2d. February to 25th. instant at 6.^ a
day each Head.
On Monday the 15th. instant, the Tnastees Petition to the House
79 (177)
of Commons was brought in, and the Qjiestion being put for referring it
to the Committee of Supoly, it uassed in the Negative on a Division of
194 against I8I, without the least Debate, or Opportunity given for any.
Whereupon the Trustees will ley a Memorial before the King, concerning
the Necessities of the People, and of the f\irther supporting the Colony;
And hope for His Majesty's interposing, for Money to be granted him for
tha.t wxx Purpose.
The Common Council having settled the Grants and Tenure of Lands
in Georgia so fully as to provide for all Cases, herewith you have one
of the printed Copies; And several of them are sent to Mr. Terry the
Recorder of Prederica; Which Resolutions are to be annexed to every
There is a small Cask of Lucern Seed sent by this Ship, which
Mr. Terry is to have the Care of, for the Southern part of the Province,
and another is to be sent to Mr. Stephens for the Northern part.
I am Sir
(181) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to Mr. Thomas Jones,
dated March 2hth. 17^1.
The Trastees having an Opportunity of relieving You from the Care
of their Accompts and Affairs, by sending over Mr. William Spencer well
recommended to them; They hope You will assist him with such Instmctions
as Experience ha.s shewn You to be necessary for the Discharge of his
80 (181)
Duty. He is appointed to be the -oailiff of Savannah., and Mr.
Charles Watson is appointed to be the 2d. Bailiff in your Place; He
went over lately by the way of South Carolina, and was found very
capable by the Trust to do them Service.
Mr. William Spencer has been used to Accoinpts from his first
Setting out in the World, and goes over with his Family to settle and
remain in Georgia; And with a full Resolution to do his Duty, and dis
charge the Trust reposed in him.
The Trustees have always had a due Regard to your steady Per
severance in their Concerns, and to the Judgement you have shewn on
many Occasions, being well satisfied with your Capacity; But they
thought it necessary to give you Relief in their Affairs, as soon as
Opportunity offered.
Mr. Spencer will readily assist in making up yours and Mr.
Stephens' Accompts, and do every thing in his Power for the Service of
the Trust. I am Sir
(185) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to the Reverend Mr.
Bolzius, dated March 24th. 1741.
Revd. Sir
I received your Letter dated 21st. October last, and the Trustees
ha,ve directed Mr. Stephens to encourage Eogler the Carpenter in such
manner as You shall approve for him, to the Value of Five pounds
81 (185)
The Trustees have also ordered Mr. Stephens to pay You I 40.-.-
Sterling, for xaiadamECK reimbursing You the Charge of building your
House at Ebenezer, in Consideration that you consent it shall remain
for the Use of a Minister for the time being; Which is the same Condi
tion for their allowing L 40.-.- to Mr. Gronsu.
I am Sir
(189) Copy of a letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to William Stephens
Esqr., darted March 24th. 1741.
The Trustees having an Opporttinity of relieving Mr. Jones from
the Care of their Accompts and Affairs, by sending over Mr. William
Spencer v.-ell skill'd in Accompts, and of a fair and honest Character,
who imbarks with his Wife and Family on board the Success Frigate Captn.
William Thomson now going to Georgia; And whom the Trustees have appoin
ted to be the Sailiff of Savannah, in the Room of Mr. Cliarles Watson
who is appointed 2d. Bailiff of Savannah in the Room of Mr. Thomas Jones
The Timstees supposing Fallowfield to be removed, and Rye continued in
Case of such Removal, as is mentioned in their last Letter to you;
Whereof a Duplicate is herewdth sent You. And You have the tv.o Commis
sions on the above Appointments also now sent You, together with a
Dormant Commission to be used, if there should be Occasion from Dr.
Hawkins's laying down his Office of 1st. Bailiff of Frederica; If that
should happen, or you should find any just Cause for removing him from
82 (189)
that Office, you hereby ha,ving a Discretionary Power for that purpose.
And in Case this Commission is used, appointing Mr. John Terry to
succeed Dr. Hawkins, a proper Person must he directed to officiate as
Recorder at Frederica, until the Trustees Pleasure is known.
The Tnistees have ordered some Presents to be sent over, and
consigned to you for the Neighbouring Indians, part whereof comes by
this Shin, and the rest by the Georgia Packet, which is soon to follow.
You are to acquaint the Trustees, if they are of a proper Sort, and a
sufficient Quantity; And if otherwise, to let them know wherein any
Alteration (190) is necessary, it being cheaper to send them from
Singland, than purchase them in America. You will also receive a small
fi[acsKXBaa Cask containing a 4 wt. of Lucern Seed for the Use of the
Northern part of the Province, and the Ghustees have sent another like
Box to the Care of Mr. Terry for the Southern part of the Province,
And there is a Box directed to You containing L 2,000. in Sola Bills
dated the 8th. instant, to be issued by your Self, Mr. Henry Parker,
Mr. Thomas Jones, and Mr. Charles Watson, or any two of them; Whereof
10 Books of them are L 1. Bills No. 7,551 to 8,550., and 2 Books ere
L 5* Bills No. l,24l to 1,440. In the same Box are 100.^' printed
Copies of Resolutions relating to the Grants and Tenure of Lands in
Georgia, which are to be annexed to every Grant, and wherein all Causes
are fully provided for: And there are also sent you the Dally Advertlzers fiom l8th. September 1741 to the 20th. of this month, in the said
Box. Of all which Parcels, herewith You have a Bill of Lading consigned
to You, to be delivered to your Order at Frederica.
The Presents for the Indians sent by this Ship are.
83 (190)
8 half Barrels of IT Grimpowder.
7 1. wt. of Indian Gun Bullets, and 2 1. wt. of Swan Drop Shott, in
18 small Barrels.
100 Indian Guns in 4 Cases.
Aiid a small Box of Paint, containing 4 pds. fine Vermillion, 4 pds.
Smalts, 4 pds. Rose Colour, 4 pds. Yellow and l/2 pd, of Green.
And those to go hy the Georgia Packet are,
20 pieces of Stripd Duffil.
3 Do. . . Stop List Cloth, whereof 1 Mazarine blue, 1 red, and 1
Emerald green, with a double Worm Cord.
5 m. Gun Flints, 10 pds. small Beads, 6 Bimches of (191) red Beads,
3 larger, 10 doz: Stone Ear Eings of 2 Sorts, and 30 Brass Kettles
wired and hailed.
10 doz: Buck ^ring Knives, 1 doz: Flyer Gun Hammers, 1 doz; half Moon
G\m Screws, 1 doz; Claw Gun Hammers, 12 Cases containing 2 Razors and
1 pair of Scissars in each, and 2 doz; Looking Glasses.
The Sola Bills now sent You must he managed with all imaginable
Frugality, and made to last as long as possible; For until a further
Supply shall be obtained for the Colony, there can be no more sent.
The Trustees Petition for a Supply this Year was brought into
the House of Commons on Monday the 15th. instant, and on the Question
being put for referring it to the Committee of Supply, it passed in the
negative by a Majority of 13. The ITumbers were 194 against 181. And
This was done w'ithout the least Debate. Your busy Son seems delighted
to be employed in Mischief, which must fall on his own Head. The
Trustees will lay their Case before the King, and they are not without
84 (191)
Hopes of further Support for the Necessity of the Colony; Altho it is
uncertain if retrievable this Session or not. Their Zeal for doing
Good to the People is not slacken'd, but the People's Endeavours to hurt
themselves would frustrate the Effect, was not Perseverance in a good
Work still striving to get the better.
The Colony has been too expensive to be now forsaken, and is of
too great an Importance not to be supported; Therefore a proper Eepresentation is preparing by the Trust for Kis Majesty's Consideration.
As You desire to have your Son Thomas to receive no Benefit from
your Improvements in Georgia, You are at Liberty to apply by Petition
to the Trustees setting forth the Considerations that (192) induced you
to have him inserted in their Grant and the Conditions req.uired from
him; Which instead of fulfilling, he has obstinately forsaken You and
all Service he was required to perforin in the said Grajit, whereof he
executed a Counterpart; And praying the Trust to accept of your Starrena
der of the said Grant of 500. Acres (a Form of which is herewith sent
You) and to grant You the said land, as you can now describe it, under
the Conditions, and on the present Terms of other Freeholders of like
Quantity of land.
The Trustees have agreed to allow Mr. Bolzius I* 40. Sterling for
reimbursing him the Charge of building his House at Ebenezer, in Con
sideration that the said House shall remain for the Use of a Minister
for the time being, which is the same Condition for their formerly
allowing Mr. Gronau the like Sum. This 1 40. please to pay to Mr.
Bolzius, taking his Eeceipt in Consideration of his having built the
said House, and consenting to it's remaining for the Use of a Minister
85 (192)
at Ebenezer. They have also agreed, tha.t You should encourage Zogler
the Carpenter in such a manner as Mr. Bolzius shall approve, to the
Value of ii 5*-* Sterling. I am Sir
Note. Before the Salitrtim Seed, sent with the last Letter, is used
for the Flux, it is best for the Patient to take a Vomit first.
Herewith you have a List of Sums returned in Super in the
Trustees Aanual Accompt. Which Mr. Spencer will assist You in calling
upon the Persons to accompt for, and explain the Services performed.
The Sums the General is acconptahle for, I have sent them my Self,
therefore you need not call upon him, for he will send over his Acconpt
thereof in Services defrayed before Michaelmas 1739*
(193) Presented 25 March 17^2
To the Kings Most Excellent Majesty
The Memorial of the Trustees for Establishing
the Colony of Georgia in America
Humbly Sheweth
That your Majesty having been graciously pleased by
youi* Royal Charter bearing date June the 9th. 1732, to Constitute your
Memorialists Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia, They
have applied themselves to the discharge of their Trust with the
greatest Zeal, which they hs-ve for your Majestys Service.
That your Majesty in the preamble to the said Charter, having
86 (193)
teen graciously pleased to signify, That the Colony should he Estab
lished for the relief of Indigent British people, and Foreign persecuted
Protestants, and for a Barrier for the Neighbouring Provinces, especially
South Carolina, which hath been laid vast with Eire and Sword by the
Indians in the year 1718, and was still exposed by the small number of
the white Inhabitants; Your Memorialists have kept these your Majestys
intentions constantly in their View.
That notwithstanding the shortness of the time since the first
Establishment of the Colony, the Indigent Condition in which most of the
Inhabitants, British and Foreigners, when they were sent, the difficul
ties usually attending new Settlements, the many Interruptions from the
War with Spain, the Constant alarms and an Acttial preparation for an
Invasion from the (194) Havannah some time before the War, and the
Artifices used by some for their own Interest to raise Discontents
among the people, and seduce the unwary from their Cultivation; there is
now a fair prospect of the Colonys being able to subsist it self in a
reasonable time, and to Answer your Majestys gracious designs.
That by the Supply granted last year in Parliament, the Trustees
were enabled to send over a Considerable number of German and Swiss
Protestants, and of Highlanders from the North of Scotland; But these
people who t^on publick faith have left their Country for an Asylum
under your Majestys Government, must be left to Starve without assis
tance from Great Britain, Since they are not able at their first going
to subsist themselves.
That the whole Colony must be dispersed (by which your Majestys
Gracious Intentions will be defeated) unless kept together by a Civil
87 (19^)
government, which as yet he defrayed only at the puhlick Expence.
That ^ Since many Plantations are reaoy laid out, since Towns
are already hiiilt, Portifications are raised. Roads ai'e made from the
Southern to the northern part of the province, and from hence to the
Indian Towns, and the Harhours are found to he the best on tha.t Coast
to the South of Virginia, The Province, if abandoned may become a Prey
to the Spaniards, or a Nest of Pirates, who would endanger yoTir Majestys
other Provinces, and prove of the greatest prejudice to the American
But yo\ir Memorialists humbly conceive, there is a much greater
danger and very apparent from (195) another Qviarter; which is likewise
set forth in a Representation from the Council and Assembly of your
Majestys Province of South Carolina dated July 26th. 17h0. The Prench
are continually making new Incroachments. They have adsmced their
Frontier towards Carolina, and hme left no means uinessayed to gain or
destroy the Indians, who are in your Majestys Interest; They have long
had in View a Settlement on the Eastern Coast of the Continent. They
will therefore undoubtedly take the first opportunity of settling them
selves in the province of Georgia, if deserted; This place, besides
other advantages would afford them ports, by which they would carry on
an Intercourse with their Settlements in a shorter, safer and better
manner, than they can at present. As the Coimtry between their Settle
ments and Garrisons on the River Mississippi and Moville, and your
Majestys Southern Provinces, is plain flat and open, there is no other
Barrier except Georgia for South Carolina, but a few Eations of Indians,
far inferiour in Humber to those in the Prench Interest. If the Prench
88 (195)
therefore should attempt to Settle themselves in the province of Georgia,
when abandoned, there would be no force to withstand them. If they
should gain a Possession of it, they would be able to Supply their Sugar
Colonies with Lumber and Provisions; For which they now almost wholly
depend on your Majestys provinces, Ihey mi^t at their pleasure obstruct
the Trade of your Majestys Subjects (196) and must probably in the end
make themselves Masters of the Heighbouring Provinces,
The Trustees therefore humbly pray your Majesty to take
the premises into your wise Consideration, that by your
Majestys Royal Directions they may be able to proceed in
the Execution of their Trust least through their Inability
to discharge their Duty, so great a Detriment should
befall your Majestys Service end Dominions, as the loss
of this Important Province.
By Order of the Said Trustees
Benj; Martyn Sectary.
(197) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to Vifillism Stephens
Esq.r., dated March 29th. 17^2.
As the Trustees now have no Expectation of any further Supply in
this Session of Parliamt., The Sola Bills sent you must last until Lady
Dsir next, by defra^ung only therewith the Support of the Civil Government,
89 (197)
& mainteining the Trustees Servants; The last Sola Bills, sent before
them, providing for the Subsistance of the Saltzburghers, Switzers and
Highlanders sent last Year.
Therefore all Bounties or other Extraordinaries must wait the
Issue of the next Session of Parliamt; wherein the Trustees will not be
wanting to endeavour to obtain what the Necessities of the Inhabitants
in Georgia shall then require; Their Trust being to appl7 to the best
of their Judgement the Supplies issued to them as far as they will go;
As they are not Proprietors, but Trustees for establishing the Colony,
as they shall be enabled, end cannot otherwise do it. It is for this
Reason, that all possible Frugality is so absolutely necessary to keep
the Colony together for subsisting, until the Necessities of it shall
plead for the Direction of Parliament in the next Session; Since the
Encouragements intended for the Inhabitants in this Session of Parlia
ment to be obtained by the Trustees, have unexpectedly failed. I am
(201) This was designed to be presented the 9 April 17h2.
To The Honoxxrable The Comiaons of Great Britain in Parliament
The humble Representation of the Trustees for Estab
lishing the Colony of Georgia in America
90 (201)
Ttiat his Majesty having been graciously pleased by his Eoyal
Charter bearing date June the 9th. 1732 to Constitute Trustees for
Establishing the said Colony; They applyed themselves in the discharge
of their Trust with the greatest Zeal for his Majestys Service.
That his Majesty having signified in the Preamble to the said
Charter, That the Colony should be Established for the Benefit of Indi
gent British people, and Foreign Persecuted Protestants; and for a
Barrier for the neighbouring Provinces, Especially South Carolina;
which in the year 1713 liad been laid vast with fire and Sword by the
Indians, and was still exposed by the small n\nnber of white Inhabitants,
The Trustees have kept these His Majestys gracious intentions constantly
in their View.
Tha.t notwithstanding the Shortness of the Time since the first
Establishment of the Colony the Indigent Condition in which most of the
Inhabitants British and Foreigners were when they were sent, the Diffi
culties usually attending new Settlements, the many Interruptions from
the War with Spain, the Constant Alarms, and an Actual preparation for
an Invasion from the Havannah some time before the War, and the Artifice
used by some for their own Interest to raise Discontents among the
j)eople, and seduce (202) the unwary from their Cultivation; There is now
a fair Prospect of the Colonys being able to subsist it self in a
reasonable time, and to Answer his Majestys most Gracious Designs, if
the Inhabitants are duely encouraged to proceed in raising Commercial
That by the Supply granted to his Majesty last year in Parliament
for the further Settling and Improving the said Colon^y, the Trustees
91 (202)
were enabled to send over a Considerable number of German and Swiss
Protestants, and of Highlanders from the North of Scotland; who upon
publick faith have left their Country for an Asylum under his Majestys
Government, and who without Assistance are not able at their first going
to subsist themselves.
That the application of the said Supply and all former ones have
circulated in Great Britain; as/ well *x in the purchase of -^^ritish
Manufactures sent over for the use of the people in Georgia, as in the
Engjloyment of Shipping for carrying them over.
That His Majestys Intention will be defeated xinless the Colony
is kept togetner by a Civil Government, The Expence whereof can as yet
be only defrayed by the Publick,
That since many Plantations are ready laid out. Since Towns are
already Built, Fortifications are raised. Roads are made for Communica
tion, and the Harbours are found to be the best on that Coast to the
South of Virginia, The Colony if abandoned, may become a prey to the
Spaniards, or a Nest of Pirates; who would endanger his Ma.jestys other
Provinces, and prove of the greatest Prejudice to ye American trade.
But the Trustees humbly conceive there is a much greater danger,
and very apparent from another Quarter; which is likev;ise set forth in
a Representation from the (203) Council and Assembly of South Carolina
dated July 26 1740. The French are continually making new Incroachments, they have advanced their Frontier towards Carolina, and have left
no means linessay*d to gain or destroy the Indians in the British In
terest, they have long had in View a Settlement on the Eastern Coast of
the Continent, they will undoubtedly take the first opportunity of
92 (203)
Settling themselves in Georgia if deserted. !IIhis place besides other
Advantages would afford them Ports, hy which they would carry on an
Intercourse with their Settlements, in a Shorter, Safer, and better
manner than they can at present. As the Couatry between their Settle
ments and Garrisons on the Rivers Mississippi and Moville, and his
Majestys Southern Provinces, is plain flat and open, there is no other
Barrier except Georgia for South Carolina, but a few Nations of Indians,
far inferiour in rnnaber to those in the French Interest, If the French
therefore should attempt to Settle themselves in Georgia when abandoned,
there would be no force to xvithstand them, and if they should gain a
Possession of it, they would be able to Supply their Sugar Colonies with
Lumber and Provisions, for which they now almost wholly depend on his
Majestys provinces, They might at their pleasure Obstruct the Trade of
his Majestys Subjects, and must probably in the End make themselves
masters of the Neighbouring Provinces.
The Trustees therefore (who Act for the Publick not their
own Benefit) think it their Indispensable duty thus to lay before
this Honble. House a State of their present Situation; lest thro
their Inability to discharge their Trust; so great a Detri
ment should befall his Majestys Service and Dominions; as the
loss of this inportant Province (204) of Georgia
By Order of the Said Trustees
93 (205)
At the Council Chamher Whitehall
the 12 April 17^2
By the Eight Honourahle the Lords of the Committee of Council for
Plantation Affairs.
His Majesty having "been pleased hy his Order in Council of the 1st. of
this Instant to referr unto this Committee the humhle Petition of Thomas
Stephens Agent to the People of Georgia in America Setting forth the
deplorable Condition of the said Colony occasioned hy the extraordinary
Laws and Government thereof and hy the many Arbitrary and Illegal pro
ceedings which have hindred the Progress of the Colony and dwxSitact
Defeated his Majestys Intentions of making Provisions for his Poor
Subjects and others sent thither. Complaints whereof ha.ve from time to
time been laid before the Trustees but none of the said Grievances and
discouragements redressed. And therefore humbly In5)loring his Majestys
9wkiac Protection and Encouragement whereby they may be enabled to
proceed effectually in the Improvement and preservation of the said
Colony and their own Support The Lords of the Committee this day
took the Same into their Consideration and are thereupon pleased to
Order that a Copy of the said Petition (which is hereunto annexed) Be
transmitted to the Trustees for Establishing the said Colony of Georgia
in America who ere hereby required to return their Answer thereunto in
writing to his Committee with all Convenient speed. -
Ten2)le Stanyan
9^ (209)
Delivered 30. April 1742
To the honourable The Commons of Great Britain in Parliament assembled.
The Petition of Thomas Stephens Agent for and in
behalf of the People of Georgia in America
Humbly Sheweth
That by Virtue of Letters Patent bearing Date the 9th. of
June 1732, a large Tract of wante Land botinded to the Northward on the
River Savannah, end by the Province of South Carolina, and to the South
ward on the River Alatamaha, was granted to certain Persons incorpora.ted
by the Name of the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in
America for the Purposes and Intentions therein mentioned.
That in Pursuance thereof large Sums of Money have been granted
by Parliament, several private Donations and Contributions have been
made, and Numbers of Gentlemen have adventured on their own Escpence,
while many Industrious poor persons were sent over by the Trustees to
iE5)rove & cultivate the Colony on their Sclieme.
That the Failure of this Scheme, which has been found to be
utterly Impracticable, has been properly Represented from time to time
to the Trustees and necessary alterations recommended and Petitioned for
near seven years.
That through a refusal of these alterations, a Misapplication of
the Publick Money, great Delays in discharging the Debts due from the
Trustees to the People, and many Abuses in the Civil power, the Colony
is so greatly reduced both in the number and condition of its Inhabi
tants, as to be incapable of fulfilling His Majesty's most gracious
95 (209)
Designs in esteTslishlng it, unless such present Redress he found for the
injured People, end such means (210) procured for their Encoirra^ement
as may concur with the natural Fertility of the Soil, the Commodious
Sittiation of the Province, and its excellent Harhours for Trade, to
aasv;er the gwireTar generous p\rrpose of an effectual Estahlishment.
\^herefore Yo\rr Petitioner humbly
Prays the Honourable House to take
the Premisses into Consideration,
and Grant such Redress, as to Your
Great Wisdom shall seem meet.
And Your Petitioner shall ever px pray. &c.
Ehos. Stephens
London ?0th April 17^2.