- Transcripts of the Earl of Egmont papers
- Letters to Georgia, v. 14211, 1740 June-1741 June
- Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
- Date of Original:
- Causton, Thomas, 1692-ca. 1745--Correspondence
Christie, Thomas, fl. 1733-1742--Correspondence
Martryn, Benjamin, 1699-1763--Correspondence
Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785--Correspondence
Perceval, John, Earl, 1683-1748--Correspondence
Fort Frederica (Ga.)
Georgia--Politics and government--To 1775
Georgia--Social life and customs--To 1775
Indians of North America--Georgia
- United States, Georgia, Chatham County, Savannah, 32.08354, -81.09983
United States, Georgia, Glynn County, Saint Simons Island, 31.15051, -81.36954
papers (document genre)
- Metadata URL:
- Digital Object URL:
- Original Collection:
- Box 6, Volume 14211, Transcripts of Earl of Egmont papers, ms1786, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.
- Holding Institution:
- Hargrett Library
NB. this letter was received by Col.Stephens 8th. Octbr. following
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Thomas Jones dated at
Westminster the 11th. June 1740.
The Trustees having lately paid Captain Thomson for the several
Servants delivered in Georgia to the Persons hereafter named upon
Credit in January 1738, the Amount for such Servants so delivered is to
be deducted from each of their respective Allowances on the Estimate
established by the Trustees from Michaelmas last; of which Deductions
the said several Persons are made acquainted, as well as Mr. Stephens.
The said Deductions so to be mace are as follow, vizt. From
Henry Parker out of his Allowance as first Bailiff at Savannah the Sum
of L 7 for the Servant delivered him in Credit as above
John Fallowfield out of his Allowance as Second Bailiff at
Savannah the Sum of L 28 for four heads of Servants delivered him on
Credit as above.
Samuel Perkins out of his Allowance as Second Bailiff at
Frederica the Sum of L 17.10.0 for 2 1/2 heads of Servants delivered him
on Credit as above.
And from John Mackintosh Moore out of his Allowance as overseer
of the Trust Servants at Darien the Sum of L 8 for an English Boy
Servant delivered to him on Credit as above at that price.
And the Trustees having paid Capt. Thomson for other Servants
delivered at the same time on Credit, for which Bonds were taken in the
said Captains Name from the several Persons hereafter named. The Sums
so paid by the Trust are to be repaid in. Georgia by them pursuant to
their respective Bonds, but for the use of the Trust vizt. by
Andrew Duche the Potter the Sum of L 14 for two Servants
delivered to him on Credit as above; Which is to be received from him
as soon as he is able whether he has given Bond or not.
Noble Jones the Sum of L 23.6.8 for 3 1/3 heads of Servants
delivered him on Credit as above.
Thomas Walker at Frederica the Sum of L 7 for the Servant
delivered him on Credit as above.
Thomas Walker at Frederica the Sum of L 7 for the Servant
delivered him on Credit as above.
Andrew Walset at Frederica the Sum of L 14.- for 2 heads of
Servants delivered him on Credit as beforementioned.
And as those Settled upon Village Bluff at St. Simons shall
become able, their Bonds are also to be discharged by them for the
Trustees use; the Captain having received of the Trust the whole they
have given Bond for.
Captain Thomson having delivered several things to Genl. Oglethorpe
in December last towards answering the Estimated Expences [sic] of
the Colony from Michas 1739 amoting. to L 228.19.2 herewith You receive
a Copy of the Particulars thereof, to Examine into the Application of
them; and to lessen the Issuing of Sola Bills for such Services by so
much as they respectively amount to have been already paid for by the
The Trustees hope You have taken Care of repairing the Light
house at Tybee; and the House at Savannah built for the Trust by Mr.
Bradley, Which have been so expensive to the Trust in the Erecting And
the Trustees direct You and Mr. Stephens in case such Repairs are not
done, That You immediately give the necessary Orders for that Purpose,
pursuant to those Directions already sent You; For You are not to wait
for further or other Orders after those from the Trustees are received
for the doing of any thing required. And the Trustees expect that such
Orders as You are in Possession of, or shall from time to time receive
you will take care of the due Execution of For no Powers given to You
for any particular purpose will he vested in any other without giving
Notice to You, by a proper Instrument, to Supercede [sic] any Original
Order; And the Trustees also direct that the Saw Mill be also repaired
with the Trust Servants appropriated to that Mill.
The Trustees have received the several Accots. transmitted by the
Commissioners for examing [sic] and Stating the Publick [sic] Debts in
Georgia with their Observations thereupon. And have paid Such of them as
have a been demanded. They received a Letter from Benj. Adams concerning
his Debt which he mentions to be about L 50 Sterling, but the Accot. sent
over amounts to L 34.1.9-3/4 Stated due to him; a Copy of which Accot.
they have sent him, and directed him to apply to You and Mr. Stephens,
or either of You for a Draught on the Trustees for Payment thereof 30
days after Sight here; And they have sent Mr. Stephens a Copy of his
letter to the Trustees. As to what he writes relating to the
L 50 he let Mr. Causton have the Trustees have nothing to do with
that; But what he mentions of a Trade carried on in a high Degree at the
Store that there is no Room for any Trades People whilst the Store is
allowed to trade in such a manner occasions the Trustees to enquire why
any Stores are continued at Savannah and with what Money they are pur-
chased; Since the Trustees have directed that no Store of their own
Shall be continued but for the Issue of the Remain of Stores before
their Estimated Expences [sic] took place, for Payment of the Expences in
Georgia with ready Money.
James Searles having petitioned the Trustees for Paymt. of what is
due to him, and Mr. Camuse having wrote for Paymt. of what is due to
him; The Trustees have referred them both to Apply to You, and Mr.
Stephens or either of You, for Draughts on the Trustees for what shall
he still due and owing to them.
NB. this letter was recd. by Col. Stephens 8 October following
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Wm. Stephens Esqr. dated at
Westmr. 11th. June 1740.
The Trustees having lately paid Captn. Thomson for the several
Servants delivered in Georgia to the Persons hereafter named upon
Credit in January 1738; the Amount for such Servants so delivered
is to be deducted from each of their respective Allowances on the
Estimate Established by the Trustees from Michas last of which
Deductions the said several Persons are made acquainted as well as
The said Deductions so to be made are as follow Vizt. from Mr.
Henry Parker out of his Allowance as first Bailiff at Savannah the Sum
of L 7.-.- for the Servant delivered to him on Credit as above.
John Fallowfield out of his Allowance as second Bailiff at
Savannah the Sum of L 28.-.- for four heads of Servants delivered to
him on Credit as above.
Samuel Perkins out of his Allowance as Second Bailiff at
Frederica the Sum of L 17. 10.- for 2 1/2 heads of Servants delivered to
him on Credit as above
And from John Mackingtosh Moore out of his Allowance as Overseer
of the Trust Servants at Darien the Sum of L 8.-.- for an English Boy
Servant delivered to him at that Price on Credit as above.
And the Trustees having paid Captn. Thomson for other Servants
delivered at the same time on Credit for which Bonds were taken in the
said Captain's Name from the several Persons hereafter named; the Sums
so paid by the Trust are to be paid in Georgia by them pursuant to
their respective Bonds but for the use of the Trust. Vizt. By.
Andrew Duche the Potter the Sum of L 14. for two Servants delivered him
on Credit as above; which is to be received from him as soon as
he is able whether he has given Bond or not.
Noble Jones the Sum of L 23.6.8 for 3 1/3 heads of Servants
delivered him on Credit as above.
Thomas Walker at Frederica the Sum of L 7.-.- for the Servant
delivered to him on Credit as above.
Andrew Walset at Frederica the Sum of L 14 -- for two heads of
Servants delivered him on Credit as before mentioned.
And as those Settled upon Tillage Bluff at St. Simons shall become able,
their Bonds are also to be discharged by Them for the Trustees use; the
Captain having received of the Trust the whole they have given Bond for.
Captain Thomson having delivered several things to General
Oglethorpe in December last towards answering the Estimated Expences [sic]
of the Colony from Michas 1739 amounting to L 228.19.2 herewith you
receive a Copy of the Particulars thereof, to examine into the application
of them; and to lessen the Issuing of Sola Bills for such Services by so
much as they respectively amount to have been already paid for by the
The Trustees hope you have taken care of repairing the Light
house at Tybee and the House at Savannah built for the Trust by Bradley
which have been so expensive to the Trust in the erecting; And the
Trustees direct You and Mr. Jones in case such repairs are not done,
That You immediately give the necessary Orders for that Purpose pursuant
to those Directions already sent You; for you are not to Wait for
further or other Orders, after those from the Trustees are received for
the doing of any thing required. And the Trustees expect that such
Orders as you are in Possession of, or shall from time to time
receive, you will take care of the due Execution of, For no Powers given
to You for any Particular purpose will be vested in any other without
giving Notice to You by a proper Instrument to supercede [sic] any Original
Order. And the Trustees also direct that the Saw Mill be also repaired
with the Trusts Servants appropriated to that Mill.
You are desired to send to Mr. Hawkins at Frederica for a
List of the Trusts Servants in the Southern part of Georgia to be made
out in the same manner as you did that of those in the Northern part.
The Trustees received a Petition from Messieurs Stirling, Grant,
Douglass, and Baillie relating to an Intended Settlement they are
desirous to make on part of Wilmington Island, and herewith you receive
a Copy of the said Petition which is referred to Your self, and the
Magistrates, to cause the Lands to be Surveyed, and seperate [sic] Plans to
be made of four Grants thereof to lye [sic] together; no more than 500.d
Acres being to be in any one Grant; Which You are to report to the
Trustees with your Opinion thereupon, as also to acquaint the said
Petitioners, That in order to be intitled [sic] to the several Grants thereof,
Surrender must be made to the Trustees of the respective former Grants
to them, describing what has been done under every such Grant; and
thereby become part of the Consideration of their new Grants, but if
either of the present Grantees should be unwilling to surrender his
said Grant, he cannot possess two different Grants of Land at the same
time; nor can either of them possess a Country and a Town Lot at one
and the same time
The Trustees have received the several Accompts transmitted by the
Comissioners [sic] for examining and Stating the Publick [sic] Debts in
Georgia, with their observations thereupon and have paid such of
them as have been demanded. They have received a Letter from Banjamin [sic]
Adams concerning his Debt, which he mentions to be about L 50 Sterling
but the Accompt sent over amounts to lb 34.1.9-3/4 Stated due to him; a
Copy of which Accompt they have sent him, and directed him to apply to
You and Mr. Jones or either of You for a Draught on the Trustees for
payment thereof Thirty days after Sight here, and they have herewith
sent you a Copy of his Letter to the Trustees. As to what he writes
relating to the L 50 he let Mr. Causton have the Trustees have
nothing to do with that; But what he mentions of a Trade carried on in
a high Degree at the Store, that there is no Boom for any Trades People
whilst the Store is allowed to Trade in such a manner; occasions the
Trustees to Enquire why any Stores are continued at Savannah and with
what money they are purchased, since the Trustees have directed that no
Store of their own shall be continued, but for the Issue of the Remain
of Stores before their Estimated Expences [sic] took place, for payment
of the Expences [sic] in Georgia with ready Money,
James Searl's having Petitioned the Trustees for payment of what
is due to him and Mr. Camus having wrote for payment of what is due to
him; The Trustees have referred them both to apply to You and Mr.
Jones or either of You for Draughts on the Trustees for what shall he
still due and owing to them.
And the Trustees desire You will acquaint the Magistrates in the
a Northern and Southern part of the Province that two Orphans or Young
People from each Part now at the Trustees Charge in the Colony be put to
Mrs. Camus to he instructed in the Production of Raw Silk. And that in
case there are no Orphans fit in the Southern Part, That two proper
Children at Frederica or Darien he put Apprentices to her; And that an
Allowance of L 10 a year for her Maintaining and Cloathing [sic] each of
them should he paid her.
Herewith in a Box you receive a Book with 30 Sola Bills of L 5
each, amounting to L 150 which the Trustees have sent to he issued by
Your self, Mr. Henry Parker and Mr. Thomas Jones or any two of You to
make up to L 300 the Sum Mr. Whitefield received from General Oglethorpe
for building a Church at Savannah; which Sum of L 3OO must
not be exceeded. And in Order to save Expences [sic] discourage Vanity and
Pride of Distinction, and make the Church more usefull [sic] to the Inhabitants.
The Trustees have sent to Mr. Whitefield who is to Co-operate
with you in this work, as well as they now mention to You; That there be
no other Pews Erected therein, but one for the Minister and One for
the Magistrates; and instead of other Pews that there be Benches as in
the Chapple [sic] at Tunbridge, and in some Country Churches in England,
whereby there will he more Room for the Inhabitants who attend the
Publick [sic] Service; And the Trustees further direct that such Trust
Servants who are capable, and not otherwise engaged, he employed therein as
well as those Handicraft Trust Servants who are out of their Time, to
enable the latter by their Earnings to furnish themselves with necessaries
for taking up the Grants they are Intitled [sic] to.
Mr. Whitefield having exercised a Power over the Orphans in
Georgia whom no one could give him, the Trustees have herewith sent you
proper Instructions for You to deliver or cause to he delivered to the
Magistrates at Savannah and Frederica concerning the Orphans in Georgia,
and they have sent Mr. Whitefield a Copy thereof.
The Trustees on the Receipt of a Letter from Mr. Whitefield
Signifying his Intentions of returning to England have provided a
Minister to succeed him at Savannah, who is recommended to Dr. Hales by
Dr. Waterland, and will set forward for Georgia with Capt. Thomson when
he returns; whereby no Interruption of Divine Service at Savannah will
happen; of which the Trustees have acquainted Mr. Whitefield.
I am &c.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Genl. Oglethorpe dated at West-
minster the 11th. of June 1740.
Your Letters of the 29th. of December last were received the 2d.
of May following. As to That relating to 69 Heads of German Servants
delivered by Captn. Thomson to different Persons upon Credit, parti-
cularly stating every Reason assignable for the several Distributions of
them; The Committee of Accompts have reported thereupon; and herewith
You receive a Copy of that Report, which has been confirmed by the
Common Council, whereby all those chargeable to Persons receiving at
present established Allowances from the Trust, the Money now paid for
such Servants so received by than is directed to be deducted from their
said Allowances, and be accoted. as part thereof; and yet there are
several Heads of the other Servants that will never be made good to the
Trust; and as the Trustees are in no Capacity of bearing such Losses,
They are very uneasy at the great Expence [sic] brought on them by such
Numbers of Servants having been received in the Colony, and placed to
their Account, which they were no way provided to answer; Whereby other
Services in the Colony suffer. They have therefore come to a Resolution,
which they now signify to You; That they will never allow of any
such Expence [sic] for the future. But since this has happened, the Trustees
desire You would order an Account to be sent them of the whole Number of
their Servants in the Colony, in what Services they are and have been
employed, what Benefit their Services have been and are to the Trust;
and such of them as have been employed in fortifying or other Military
Service, The Trustees desire an Accot. duly Certifyed [sic] of such Service
having been done, together with the Sum chargeable on the Government for
the same, to he sent them, whereby to enable the Trustees to demand
Payment thereof here, to reimburse them for these extraordinary Expences
[sic], incurred without their Knowledge or Order.
The Trustees having received an Account of some of the Employments of their Servants, wherein two are said to be employed in the Care of Your Live Cattle;
They desire to know whether those Servants have been accoted. for to the
Trust and finding by the said Accot. 46 Trust Servants employed upon a Ninety
Acres Lot lately Surveyed by Your Order, half a Mile from Savannah; The
Trustees desire to know what Use the said Land is put to, or designed to be
The Postscript of Your said Letter mentioning; That on the Necessity of
Acting on the Breach with the Spaniards You was prevented to dispatching
Captn. Thomson, till You returned from the Frontiers; So that he could
not be discharged from You till the date of that Letter.
The Trustees not being concerned in his Cargoe [sic] to the Southward,
and therefore not in his Detention, cannot be chargeable with any
Expence [sic] on that Account: But if he or his Ship has been of any
Service to the Government, if You think proper. You have it in Your Power
to certify his said Service to the Government for his laying a Claim to
receive from the Administration a Satisfaction for the same.
As to Your Letter to the Trustees Accotant. of the same date,
relating to Goods received from Captn. Thomson in January 1738
December 1739. The Committee of Accompts have reported upon the several
particular Articles thereof. Copies of which Reports are herewith sent
You, they having been confirmed in Common Council; whereby the Resolution
of the Trustees concerning Loans to the Inhabitants, will prevent
any such for the future. And You will by the Report of the 15th. May
last herewith sent find it necessary to Certify to the Government the
following Expences [sic] being part of the Sum of L 686.16.4 chargeable
to the Defence [sic] of the Colony on Account of the present War with Spain,
vizt. The particular Charges of refitting of Boats used in the late
Expedition to the Southward amounting to L 70.2.0 1/2 the Goods delivered
for the use of the Rangers lately established amounting to L 33.0.6 the
Trustees not finding them to have been delivered in Part of an old Debt
by any Accot. received from their Commissioners in Georgia; And the
several Parcels for the Indians lately established into Armed Companies
of Men amounting to L 233.13.8 All which Sums make together L 336.16.2 1/2
The Particulars whereof are herewith sent You; That they may be applied
for Payment of from the Government, with other Military Expences [sic] You
have created, and are unprovided for in the same manner. As the Trustees
in their Letter to You dated the 29th. March last did advise. The
Particulars and Amount of the Value of those things the Trustees have
paid Captn. Thomson for is herewith sent You being L 228.19.2 to be
Accoted. as part of the Estimated Expences [sic] of the Colony from Michas
Your other Letter of the same date to the Trustees relating to
the Accounts of the Colony, and the necessary Expences [sic] for the
preserving the Colony; The Trustees observe Your right Distinction of the
different Periods of time for the distinct Accots. of Expence [sic], vizt.
That before Your Arrival, and that since to Michas last when their
Estimate took place. As to the Accots. before Your Arrival the
Trustees have recd, several of them from their Commissioners and have
paid & appropriated for Payment, what they hope will be sufficient to
answer them. And as to those since Your Arrival, they have paid Mr.
Verelst for You sufficient to answer your Bills drawn including the
Accompts You have sent, and to make up the Amount thereof, by your own
Calculation of it 5000.-.- appropriated for that Term of the Expence [sic]
of the Colony; which when the Remainder of Your Accompts of Expence [sic]
to Michas last are received, will clear You from the whole to the time of
the Trustees Estimate; The Expence [sic] of which Estimate being defrayed
in another manner, the Accompts of those Estimated Expences[sic], the Trustees
expect to receive from the Persons appointed to defray them. As to that
part of Your said Letter concerning the necessary Expences [sic] for the
preserving the Colony, the Trustees immediately ordered a Copy thereof
to be sent to the Duke of Newcastle, and desired the same to be laid
before the King, before he went to Hanover for His Majesty's Direction
thereupon. And Lieutt. Horton having attended his Grace several times
since, will acquaint You concerning the same.
Your Letter of the 24th. of January last was received the said
2d. of May foll [sic] , relating to the Passage of the Wives of the
Recruits Lieutt. Horton was Orders to raise, and for Corn and Meat to them
for one Year; Which the Trustees will consider of. For tho they are inclined
to do every they could therein, yet they are at present doubtfull [sic]
of their Ability.
By the Copys [sic] of the Reports of the Committee of Accompts you will
find; That the L 70 Residue of the L 110. Bill You drew in part of the
Money due to Anthony Willy Lieut, of the Garrison in the Indian Nation,
is ordered to he paid; since the Commissioners have reported a further
Sum due to him. Your Bill for L 116.8.0 for Arrears to Capt. Mackintosh
is also ordered to he paid; But Your Bill for L 139. 16.10. drawn for
Payment of the Arrears to William Francis the Messenger, being over
drawn L 17.2.6 1/2 the Commissioners have reported only L 122.14.3 1/2 due to
him; The Sum reported is ordered to he paid, and the Exceeding must he
Made good to You by William Francis, or Mr. Jones to whom the Bill was
so much overdrawn. Your Bill for L 28.-- to Peter Emery is ordered to
he paid; But Your Bill for L 45. to Thomas Holmes, including Cash
supplyed [sic] Mr. Kent Commander of the Garrison at Port Augusta, there is
only L 20.4.0 of the said 45 ordered to he paid, being the Sterling of
the Currency Money for Sundrys [sic] issued to Mr. Thomas Eyre sent into the
a Cherokee Nation, to prevent the further Use of Rum there. For whatever
relates to Port Augusta, the Trustees consider it in this Light;
That as that Fort and Settlement was made to Support the Regulation of
the Trade with the Indians, whatever the Expence [sic] thereof amounts to,
must he defrayed with the Profits arising from Licensing the Traders,
of which the Trustees have never yet had any Accot. And if the present
Receipts for such Licenses are not sufficient, the Charge of that
Garrison should become so much a further Tax upon the Traders with the
Indians, to make up any Deficiency thereof.
The Trustees have received a Letter from Camus relating to the
Money due to him, and they have sent an Answer for him to apply to Mr.
Stephens and Mr. Jones, or either of them for a Draught on the Trustees
for what shall be due to him at Michas last, and still unpaid; And in
Case that by any Accident he could not have such Draught, he might
apply to You for a Draught payable in England, to prevent any
Disappointment to him. The Trustees have wrote for the Magistrates to
find out four Orphans or young People now at the Trustees Charge in the
Colony, to put to Mrs. Camus, to be instructed in the Production of Raw
Silk; Vizt. Two from the Northern, and two from the Southern part of
the Colony; It being very necessary to have Persons instructed therein,
in case of Mrs. Camus's Death; and equally necessary to encourage
her to that Service, for otherwise the Knowledge of raising Silk will
be quite lost in the Colony. And in case there are no Orphans fit in
the Southern part, that 2 proper Children at Frederica or Darien be put
Apprentices to her, and an Allowance of L 10. a year for her maintaining
and Cloathing [sic] each of them be paid her.
The Trustees have received a Letter from Mr. Whitefield acknowledgeing [sic]
that he had received from You L 150. towards building a Church
at Savannah, which the Trustees have given you Credit for out of the
L 400. sent You of the Money appropriated for Churches (which was to be
made good to that Fund) in case so much thereof remained unemployed in
the Cloathing [sic] and maintaining the Trustees Servants, whose Services
were to answer the Expence [sic] thereof towards building of Churches, and
whom You undertook to Supply with Your own Draughts, when you sent back
the Sola Bills unissued. But if the whole lb 400. should have been
employed in the said Cloathing [sic] and Maintenance that L 150. to Mr.
Whitefield You will have a Claim for on the Trust. And the Trustees have by
this Ship sent Mr. Stephens L 150. more in their Sola Bills, to compleat [sic]
the Building the Church at Savannah.
Trustees remind You, Sir, of the Five hundred whole Deals
sent on hoard the Transport Ships in January 1737 and May 1738,
which cost them L 136. 5. 0 being L 7.5.0 p hundred; Of the 77 Bars of
Sweeds Iron containing lb 32:2:16 at s 15/6 p I wt. amounting to
L 25. 5. 11: of the 100 Barrs of Russia Iron containing lb 54:3:10 at 14/6
p L wt, amoting. to L 39.15.2 Of the Six Faggots of Steel containing
Lb 4.1.4 at s 30 p I wt. amounting to L 6.8.8. And of the 85 Tons of Flint
Stones and 5 Tons of Dantzick [sic] Stones, sent on board the Transport Ships
in May 1738, to be used in the building of Churches, and paid for out of
the Money approated [sic] for that Service. Wherefore the Trustees desire to
know, if the above mentioned Particulars have been so employed or what
part thereof and what remains; And in Case that any Part thereof has
been used for any other Service, that so much as the prime Cost of such
part be refunded to the first Appropriation thereof.
The Trustees also sent You by the Mary Ann Capt. Shubrick fifteen
Tons of Strong Beer in March 1738, which with freight and Insurance
cost L 160.10.6 And acquainted You that the Produce thereof was to be
applied in the Cloathing [sic] and maintaining the Trustees Servants, to be
employed in cultivating Lands for Religious Uses; which the Trustees
desire to have an Accompt of; As well as of the L 200 sent You of the
Money appropriated for Religious Uses, which You returned the Sola Bills
for unissued and undertook to Supply with your own Draughts; and
which was to be applied in the Cloathing [sic] and maintaining the Trustees
Servants, whose Services were to answer the Expence [sic] thereof to that
Value, or so much thereof as might be so applied for the cultivating
Lands for Religious Uses in the Northern and Southern Parts of Georgia.
Your Letter dated the 2d. of April last from Charles Town was
received the 2d. instant, and the Trustees heartily wish You Success in
the extraordinary Attempt against so strong a Garrison and Fortification
as St. Augustine is, with so small an Assistance as you have.
Your Answer to Mr. Jones's Representation relating to the Orphans
exactly agrees with the Instructions the Trustees had prepared
before the Receipt of Your Letter concerning the Orphans in Georgia, to
prevent any Misconstructions of Mr. Whitefield's Concern with the Orphans
for the future, which he very strangely interpreted These Instructions
are sent to the Magistrates at Savannah and Frederica, and a Copy of
them to You and him. And as he has acquainted the Trustees, that he
resigns being their Missionary at Savannah, the Trustees have got Mr.
Metcalf to Succeed him there, who is recommended to Dr. Hales by Dr.
Waterland, and who is intended to go over with Captn. Thomson.
Samuel Davison having petitioned the Trustees for some
Allowances to be made him for his Services, in Discharge of the Debt
from him to the Store at Frederica amounting to L 46; 11:1 They have
allowed him as follows, to Discharge his said Debt. vizt. For his
Service as Constable from 15. March 1735 to Michas 1739 L 16.11.1 For
4 Years Salary as Searcher of Ships &c. from April 1734 to April 1740.
at L 5. a year L 20. And for Seizing two Negroes in Georgia in
December 1738 L 10. Which the Trustees desire You will order the late
Storekeeper at Frederica, or whomsoever is in Possession of the Store
Books of Accompt to Post off to Samuel Davison's Credit, for his Dis
Your most Obedient Servant
Copy of a letter from Mr. Verelst to the Reverend Mr. Whitefield dated
at Westminster the 11. June 1740.
Your Letter to the Trustees Accotant. dated 28th. of January was
received the 8th. of April last but that dated the l6th. of the said
January was not received till the 30th, foll.; and on the 7th. of last
month The Trustees received Your Letter dated 1Oth. March last.
As to your not Possessing Mr. How's Lot that Lot being not mentioned in
the Grant to You as part of the Five hundred Acres for Endowing the Orphan
house, but only in a Letter of Instructions to Mr. Stephens, about the
Setting out the Lands granted for the Orphan House; and those Lands by
the Grant being to be set by the Directions of Mr. Stephens, and with your
Consent, there is no Necessity of a fresh Grant; but Your having five
hundred Acres for the Orphan House in any part of the Province, which Mr.
Stephens and You agree upon, you are intitled [sic] to by the present Grant,
and Mr. Habersham, not having any Grant from the Trustees of the Five
hundred Acres you mention, needed only Quit the Possession of the said Lands,
if Mr. Stephens approved of it.
The Trustees are very sensible that the building the Orphan
House, and the Cultivation of the Lands they have granted You for the
Maintenance of it will be of great Service to the Colony; which caused
their Approbation of Your Design in so doing, and they hope for your own
Sake, that you will voluntarily render them Accots. of Your Progress
therein; and that You will Satisfy them about the laying out the Monies
You have collected, pursuant to Your Covenant in the Grant to You, and
in Discharge of the many Benefactions You have collected for that
Purpose, For otherwise the Attorney General at the Kings Suit may
require such Accompt from You.
The Trustees are surprized [sic] to find You suggest that the Grant,
which you have, is contrary to the express Words of the Draught from
whence it was Copied Because upon Comparing them it is found to be
exactly the same; and is directly agreeable to the Intentions of the
Trustees, who design'd only to give You the Power of appointing such
Person or Persons to succeed You in the Trust, in the manner mentioned
in the Grant, and which they see no Reason to alter. The Trustees think
You have been in the wrong in taking in the Orphans, especially before
the House was compleated [sic] and fit to receive them, or any Lands
cultivated for maintaining them; But as they Suppose the House by Your Care
will soon be in Readiness, and as they observe that the Magistrates as
well as your self have mistaken the Grant with respect to the
taking in the Orphans; They have prepared proper Instructions to the
Magistrates relating to the taking in and Management of them a Copy of
which Instructions is sent You, in the mean time the Orphan, who was
in Mr. Parkers House, and was well taken care of, the Trustees would have
You return. You having by their Grant no Authority for the taking of him
from thence especially as it was against Mr. Parkers Consent.
You not having mentioned, on what Occasions You supplyed [sic]
Candles for Divine Service out of your own Store, nor the particular
Expences thereof, the Trustees cannot at present judge of such Expenses;
but when they have a particular Account from you, they will consider
to repay You the reasonable Charges thereof.
As to the building a Church at Savannah it was what the Trustees
always had at heart, and as soon as their Benefactions were considerable
enough immediately caused Estimates to be laid before them by proper
Architects here, and desired Capt. Thomas, the Engineer, who went with
General Oglethorpe, to build the said Church according to Mr. Flitcrofts
Plan; but his dying at Charles Town has been hitherto the hindrance of
pursuing that Intent.
You may see Sir the great Care and Readiness of the Trustees
to forward this good Work of building Churches, and you must know the
Expences [sic], they have been at in the promoting Divine Worship in Georgia,
in decent Places for that Purpose; until Churches are built and the
sending Missionaries for that Work; some of whom have returned at their
own Pleasure and left the Inhabitants destitute of a Minister. You know
it was upon the Application of the Trustees that You received the Ordina-
tion of Priesthood, and that the Reason which they gave for it was at
Your Desire for Your Residence at Savannah as their Stated Missionary
They cannot but be concerned, that the great Care which they have taken
to provide Savannah with a Minister, has been so often defeated; first
by Mr. Quincy, who left the Colony unprovided of a Minister, and went to
New England; afterwards by Mr. Wesley, and now by Yourself; however they
are obliged to You for acquainting them with Your Intentions so early,
that they may look out for another to succeed You in the Ministry,
The Trustees observe with some Surprize [sic] that Paragraph, where You
say you shall inform Pious People, how little Good has been done with
their Charitable Contributions; And they doubt not but when you come to
a Cooler and better Sense, You will think Yourself, that You have been
too rash and unadvised in such a Menace uninformed as You must be
upon that Subject.
The Trustees have had so good an Account of Mr. Jenkins's Care
of the Orphans Effects; that they are not disposed to discontinue him,
and they hope the Magistrates do settle Accompts with him from time to
As the Trustees are sensible that the setting up any Looms in
Georgia will be highly disagreeable to the Parliamt. and the Publick [sic];
who have been always of Opinion that our Colonies should only raise
Produces for Manufacturing at home instead of carrying on any Manufacture themselves; They are determined that no Looms should be set up
in the Orphan House, or in any part of the Colony It would be very
usefull [sic] to the Colony in general as well as the Orphans, if these
especially the Females were instructed by Mr. Camuse in winding off
Silk; which is a work that will be of the highest Advantage and
it is intended to be the principal Commodity of the Province.
Your Letter of the 10th. of March mentioning that Genl. Oglethorpe
has advanced You L 150 to make a beginning of building the Church And
that if the rest of the Money given for that purpose were remitted You,
you hoped to see the Church built before Your Return to England, The
Trustees on that Occasion acquaint You that they have limitted [sic] the
Expence [sic] of building the Church and Vestry Room at Savannah to L 3OO
which must not be exceeded; And in order to save Expence [sic] discourage
Vanity and Pride of Distinction and make the Church more usefull [sic] to
the Inhabitants they have sent to Mr. Stephens who is to Co-operate with
You in this Work as well as they now direct You That there be no other
Pews erected therein but one for the Minister and one for the Magistrates,
and instead of other Pews that there be Benches as in the Chapple [sic] at
Turnbridge and in. some Country Churches in England, whereby there will
be more room for the Inhabitants who attend ye Publick [sic] Service. And the
Trustees further direct, that such Trust Servants who are capable, and
not otherwise engaged, be employed therein as well as those handicraft
Trust Servants who are out of their Time, to enable the latter by their
Earnings to furnish themselves with necessarys [sic] for taking up the Grants
a of Lands they are intitled [sic] to; And the Trustees have sent Mr. Stephens
L 150 in their Sola Bills to make up the Sum you received from the
General to the limitted [sic] Sum for the said Church and Vestry Room. But
if there be any exceeding of the said Sum of L 300 in. the building and
finishing the said Church with a Vestry Room, The Expence [sic] of such exceeding
will certainly not be allowed; And you will then Judge Sir, what Imprudence it
will be to build upon such a Plan, as that the Work must be left unfinished and
run to decay.
The Trustees to prevent any Interruption of Divine Service have appointed a
Minister to Succeed You as soon as you quit the Colony, whom they readily
found, since the Receipt of Your Letter and the sending away of this; and
in Order to his arriving early enough at Savannah he will go over with
Captain Thomson when he returns to Georgia.
Your most Obedient Servant.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. James Lewis Camuse dated at
Westmr. the 11th. June 1740.
Your Letter to the Trustees dated 20th. March last was received
the 6th. of May following, and they received also Your account to Michas
last stated by their Commissioners in Georgia Whereon the Sum of
L 78.16.8 is Stated to be due to You; which the Trustees have no
Objection to the Payment of if the whole is still due; but if not of
what ever shall remain thereof due and unpaid at the Receipt of this
Letter; And Mr. Stephens and Mr. Jones or either of them on your applying
for that purpose will give a Draught on the Trustees for what shall
be so due payable to You or Order thirty days after Sight, and the
Trustees have acquainted General Oglethorpe therewith also; That if by
any Accident you could not have such Draught, he might Supply You
with his and have thereby immediate Payment.
From Michaelmas last you are Established on the Estimate at L 20 --
a Year to your Family employed in the producing Raw Silk, with an
Allowance of L 12.3.4. a year more for the Maintenance and Cloathing [sic]
of a Servant making together L 32.3.4 And there are Encouragements besides
allowed in the Estimate out of the Sum appropriated for that purpose; to
answer the Bounty on Silk Balls; to provide You with a Cart and
Horse; which Mr. Stephens and Mr. Jones have Directions about; and the
Magistrates at Savannah and Frederica are also directed to get four
proper Servants for Your Wife, and in case they are Young That they
should be bound Apprentices to her, to be instructed in the Production
of Raw Silk. And the Trustees desire that Your Wife would be very
Instructive to all Persons who are capable to receive her Instructions
that in case of her Death the Management and Production of Raw Silk
may go on; And her Service therein (when the Trustees find any Person
or Persons instructed by her capable of going on with the Business)
They will then consider of a proper Gratification, in proportion to the
Pains she shall have taken in such Instructions, and have agreed to
allow her L 10 a Year for her Cloathing [sic] and maintaining each of the
said four Servants.
Your most humble Servant.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Samuel Davison dated at
Westmr. the 11th. June 1740.
Your Petition to the Trustees was received the 28th. of April last,
and in Consideration of your following Services they have discharged
your Debt to the Store at Frederica. The Allowances made for
your said Services in Discharge of such Debt being as follow. vizt.
For Your Service as Constable from 15th. of March
1735 to Michas 1739. L 16.11.1
For 4 Years Salary as Searcher of Ships &ca. from
April 1736 to April 1740. at L 5. a year. 20.-.-
And for your Seizing two Negroes in Georgia in
Decemr. 1738 10.-.-
Which Sum being the Amount of Your Debt, you are thereby Discharged
from the same.
3!he Trustees hope you are carefull [sic] to keep Peace and good Order
in the Publick [sic] House you live in; which is the only means of preserving
Your Licence [sic] to You, they have acquainted General Oglethorpe of the above
Allowances which have been made You in Discharge of Your said Debt, and
desired him to have the same placed to Your Credit for your said
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Hawkins dated at
Westminster the 11th. June 1740
The Trustees received Your Letter dated 20th. Febry. last and
also the Accompts you sent over; for the Balance of which you have
drawn Bills on them; But in these Accounts there are not only many
Errors, but very extraordinary Fees Charged, at the same time that you
Charge for two Servants and a Boat, These Accots. are referred to the
Committee of Accots. to examine and Report upon, from which there will
certainly be a large Deduction, and it may be doubted whether any thing
will be Reported due to You.
As to the Invoice of Medicines you desire, the Trustees now Pay
for every thing in Money in Georgia, pursuant to what is Estimated; and
therefore what shall be found necessary when wanted, will be paid for
there as It is wanted.
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Wm. Metcalfe to Mr. Verelst dated
June 18th. 1740.
Being recommended by Dr. Waterland & Dr. Hales for a Missionary
in Georgia, I take the liberty to apply to You, halving their Order for
so doing to know when it will he necessary to come to Town For Dr.
Hales tells me that Lieutenant Horton carries recruits thither in six
Weeks time with whom I may have an Opportunity to go, I suppose I must
be in Town some time before in Order to prepare Matters for that Voyage.
Your Answer therefore will very much oblige yr. unknown
Sr. if You direct for me at Imingham near Caster Lincolnshire it will
White hall Treasury Chamber. 2 July 1740
Mr. Chancr. of Exchequer, Lord Sundon, Mr. Winnington
Read a Memorial from The Trustees for Georgia, dated 12 March last, to
be Reimbursed the Sum of L 1987.0.9. 1/2 which they have expended for the
Military defence [sic] of the Said Colony. And my Lords, thereupon, order'd
a Warrant to be prepared for the 4000 L Granted out of the Funds for
this Year, to the Trustees for the further Setling [sic] and improving the Said
Colony. And Say they must thereout, make themselves easie [sic] as to the
said Debt: for that my Lords have no money in their Power that can be
applyed [sic] thereto. So must attend the Direction of Parliament in the next
A true Copy from the Entry in the
Clerk of the Minutes
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to the Reverend Mr. Wm. Metcalf
dated at Westminster 8th. July 1740.
I had the favour [sic] of Your Letter dated 18th. of June last and
Yesterday the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
appointed You Missionary at Savannah in Georgia to which the Corporation
Seal was then affixed.
I will give You three Weeks Notice before the Ship goes to come
up and prepare for the Voyage, and receive from the Trustees their said
Appointment. The Captain cannot be yet certain of his fixing a time
for the Departure, but hopes to get away in less than two Months.
Yr. most humble Servant.
Monday July 21st. 1740.
Present in Common Council Assembled.
Mr. L'Apostre in the Chair.
Earl of Egmont
Mr. Thomas Tower
Mr. Ch. Tower
Mr. Henry Archer
Lord Sidney Beauclerk.
. That One thousand Pounds in Sola Bills Besides those ordered the
7th. instant he sent to Georgia by Capt. Thomson.
. That a Draught he made on the Bank of England for two hundred
Pounds to he paid into the hands of Sir Joseph Hankey and Co. for the
Occasions of the Trust.
. That Patrick Houston in Georgia he appointed a Conservator of the
Peace within the Province.
. That the Recorder of Savannah and the Recorder of Frederica be
appointed Conservators of the Peace.
That three several Appointments for the same be made out And
that the Seal of the Corporation he Affixed thereto, and that the
Secretary do countersign the same.
. That Thomas Christie be removed from being Recorder of the Town
. That John Pye be appointed Recorder in his Room that an Appointment
for the same be made out, and the Seal of the Corporation be affixed
thereto, and that the Secretary do countersign the same.
. Read a Petition of James Smith desiring Leave to dispose of his
House and fifty Acre Lot at Savannah.
. That upon the said James Smiths surrendring the Lot to the
Trustees A Grant be made of the same to Captn. William Thomson, and that
the Seal of the Corporation be affixed to the said Lot, And that the
Secretary do countersign the same.
. Signed a Draught on the Bank of England for two hundred Pounds
payable to Sir Joseph Hankey and Co. by Mr. L'Apostre, Earl of Egmont
Mr. Vernon Mr. Christopher Tower and Mr. Smith No. 713.
That the Conditions in the Grants already made concerning the
Cultivation of Land and planting of Mulberry Trees be revoked, and that
the following Conditions be inserted in their Stead vizt.
That all Possessors of fifty Acres of Land in Georgia shall not
be obliged by their Grants to cultivate more than five Acres of Wood
Ground Part thereof, and Plant more than fifty White Mulberry Trees or
Plants on their Lands in ten Years from the Date of their Grants, and
all Possessions of Land under fifty Acres to be in the same Proportion.
That all Possessors of five hundred Acres of Land in Georgia
shall not be obliged by their Grants to cultivate more than sixty Acres
of Wood Ground Part thereof in ten Years from the Date of their Grants
in the manner following Vizt. twenty five Acres Parcel thereof within
four Years from the Date, And Other twenty five Acres within Eight Years
from the Date, and the remaining ten Acres before the Expiration of the
said Term of Ten Years. And sixty Acres more of Wood Ground other part
thereof within the further space of another ten Years next immediately
following the first Term of ten Years before mentioned. And That they
shall not be obliged to plant on their Land more than One thousand White
Mulberry Trees, or Plants in the first term of ten Years. And one
thousand more white Mulberry Trees or Plants in the second Term of ten
Years before mentioned. And all Possessors of Land under five hundred
Acres and above fifty Acres to be in the same Proportion.
That in all future Grants the aforesaid new Conditions be inserted.
That a General License he granted for two Years from Christmas
1740 for all Possessors of Land in Georgia to make Leases of any Part
of their Lots for any Term not exceeding five Years from the Date of the
Lease to any Person or Persons residing in Georgia; and who shall continue
resident there during the Term of such Lease.
That Draughts of the following Deeds he prepared and if approved
of by Mr. Henry Archer Mr. Robert Byre and Mr. Thomas Tower or any Two
of them, that the Same he written out fiar [sic], and that the Seal of the
Corporation he affixed thereto, and that the Secretary do countersign
A Deed to revoke the Power granted August 28th. 1739 to the
Magistrates of the Town Courts in Georgia to reenter upon the Lands of
those Persons who have neglected or refused to perform the Conditions
or Provisoes [sic] in their Grants.
A Proper Release in Law to declare that no Advantage shall be
taken against Any of the present Possessors of Land in Georgia for any
Breach of Covenants or Forfeitures incurred any Time before
Midsummer 1740 in relation to the Tenure or Cultivation of their Lands.
A Deed to revoke the Conditions in the Grants already made
concerning the Cultivation of Land and Planting of Mulberry Trees; and
to Substitute in their Stead the new Conditions of Cultivation and
Planting Mulberry Trees
And a Deed of General License for two Years from Christmas 1740
for leasing Lands in Georgia as before mentioned.
. That the Apothecary's Bill for the Housekeeper amounting to one
Pound fourteen Shillings and Six Pence be paid.
Read a Letter from Mr. John Sharpe relating to the Account of
Captain Roger Lacy.
That a Copy of the said Account be sent to Mr. John Sharpe.
Read a Report from the Committee of Accounts of July 12th. 1740.
to the following Purport. That they had taken into consideration a
Letter from Elizabeth and Thomas Jennys at Charles Town in South
Carolina dated the 27th. of April last relating to the several Dis-
allowances in the Accounts of the late Mr. Paul Jennys sent by them as
his Executors and claim'd of the Trustees which the Committee of
Accounts held the 4th. of July 1739 had made thereon, and having con-
sidered the several Answers given to each of them in the said Letter are
of the following Opinion concerning the particular Articles thereof
As to the Article of five hundred ninety two Pounds Nine
Shillings Currency claimed by the said Executors as not included in the
Trustees Account with the Said Paul Jenys Certified by Thomas Causton
the 15th. Day of April 1738. The Committee find that by the particular
Account of the said Sum transmitted with the Letter now under Considera-
tion, it appears to be a Transaction with the said Paul Jenys and his
Partner Baker on the private Account of the said Thomas Causton so long
ago as in the Year 1735 And therefore it could not he charged to the
Trustees, nor at all become any Article in the said Certified Account.
As to the Executors representing that two Bills drawn on James Oglethorpe
Esqr. by the said Thomas Causton amounting to Eighty Pounds
Sterling was by him placed to two different Transactions as Payment in
both. That is a Matter to be settled between the said Thomas Causton and
them, and not any Concern of the Trustees.
As to the Forty Pounds Currency for the Eight thousand Bricks not
delivered. They alledge [sic] that the Orders for them were to buy and keep
them till a Cheap freight offered for Georgia; which has not happened.
And that by their lying on a Publick [sic] Wharf, Many of them are stolen and
gone, But as they were paid for they ought not to lose their Money, The
Committee are of Opinion That Whatever Quantities of them shall he deli-
vered in Georgia ought to he paid for on their Delivery there together
with the Charge of carrying them, and Submitt [sic] it to the Common Council
whether the Trustees ought to pay for those not delivered.
As to the Over Charge of One hundred Pounds Currency stated by
the said Thomas Causton to have been made in the Amount of his Bill
drawn July 24th 1736 on the Trustees Account to William Butler No. 79
which occasioned the Committee of Accounts to deduct that Sum as so
Over charged The Committee have perused a Copy of the said Bill trans-
mitted by the Executors of the said Paul Jenys. Whereby the Bill appears
to have been drawn for the Sum of two hundred Ninety three Pounds
twelve Shillings Currency claimed in Account with the Trust, and not for
only One hundred Ninety three Pounds twelve Shillings Currency stated
by the said Thomas Causton to have been the Amount thereof; But as
the said Copy was not attested by a Notary Publick [sic] at Charles Town to
have been examined with the Original produced to him, and Thomas Causton
who drew the Bill representing this as an Over Charge in the Account of
the said Paul Jennys; Tho' the Committee are far from thinking that the
said Executors would send an untrue Copy of the said Draught, Yet they
think it necessary for the Justification of the Trustees in the Applica-
tion of Publick [sic] Money, such Testimony of the Original Bill being so
produced ought to be had to intitle [sic] the said Executors to the Payment of
thirteen Pounds ten Shillings and three Pence Sterling the Produce
of the said One hundred Pounds Currency at seven hundred and forty p
As to the Sum of Sixty three Pounds thirteen Shillings and Nine
Pence Currency claimed by the said Executors on the Authority of a
Letter from the Said Thomas Causton The Committee do find that very
Sum to have been paid to Mr. Paul Jennys by Edward Townsend who
has produced to the Commissioners in Georgia his Receipt for the same.
Werefore [sic] the said Paul Jenys's Executors can have no demand on the
Trustees for what has been so paid to their Testator.
And as to the Commission for receiving the Rum Duty and keeping
the Accots. thereof, the Committee are of Opinion that a sufficient
Satisfaction has been already made for the same.
That it is the Opinion of the Common Council that the Bricks
which were not delivered be not paid for, and that the Rest of the
Report from the Committee be agreed to.
Read a further Report from the said Committee that Lieut. Col.
Cochran attended concerning his Account Whereon he claimed four hundred
forty four Pounds twelve Shillings And one Penny as the Balance due to
him, Wherein four hundred twenty Nine Pounds Eight Shillings and Two
Pence is charge for his Expence [sic] in building a House for the Commanding
Office of General Oglethorpe's Regiment at St. Simons in Georgia,
Which by the Engineer's Plan of fortifying that Place will stand
within the Fort; And wherein Several Sums are also charged for Wine
delivered to Inhabitants in Georgia who had Credit on the Trustees Store
by Order of Mr. Causton the late Storekeeper amoting. [sic] in the whole to
Seventy Seven Pounds Sixteen Shillings and Sixpence. And the Lieut.
Col. being examined Concerning the same produced Mr. Thomas Stephens
who acted for him in Georgia And he offering to make Oath that every
Particular of the said Sum was delivered by the Order of the said Mr.
Causton to the several Persons mentioned to have received the same.
And that the respective Values thereof were placed to their Particular
Accounts with the Store as Payments to them by the Trustees; The Com-
mittee are of Opinion That as the said Sum of four hundred twenty nine
Pounds Eight Shillings and two Pence is included in the Trustees Memorial
to the Treasury dated the 12th. of March last to be reimbursed the Sum
of One thousand Nine hundred Eighty Seven Pounds and Nine Pence half
Penny represented to have been expended by the Trustees for the Military
Defence [sic] of Georgia, and if Mr. Thomas Stephens shall make Oath of the
other Particulars abovementioned. Those Particulars will stand in the
same light with other Certified Accounts from Georgia which have
been paid. They submitt [sic] it to the Common Council whether it may be
proper to pay the said Sum of four hundred forty four Pounds twelve
Shillings and one Penny to Lt. Colonel Cochran on his giving Security that
will be proper to repay to the Trustees the four hundred twenty Nine
Pounds Eight Shillings and two pence before mentioned in case the
Treasury do not reimburse the Trustees that Sum as Part of the said One
thousand Nine hundred Eighty Seven Pounds, and Nine Pence half Penny.
That fifteen Pounds three Shillings and Eleven Pence be paid to
Lieut. Col, Cochran for Wine and other Goods delivered to the Trustees
Store but that the Sum of Four hundred twenty Nine Pounds Eight Shillings
and two Penne [sic] being expended for the Military Services of the
Colony be not paid by the Trust.
Read a further Report from the said Committee That they had read
a Memorial from Lieutenant William Horton with an Account annexed
amounting to Sixty Nine Pounds Eleven Shillings for Expences [sic] and
Work done by him and his Servants in building the Barracks at St. Simons
in Georgia Which being part of Seven hundred and fifty Pounds included
in the beforementioned Memorial to the Treasury to be reimbursed
the Trustees. The Committee submitt [sic] the same as they did Lieut. Col,
That the said Sum of Sixty Nine Pounds Eleven Shillings being for
the Military Services of the Colony be not paid by the Trust.
Head a further Report from the said Committee that they had taken
into Consideration the Claim of Thomas Christie of One hundred Pounds,
annexed to his Memorial and Papers laid "before the Trustees the 24th. of
last month; and having examined his Account with the Trust, received
from the Commissioners in Georgia as the same stood at Michaelmas last
do find he stands indebted thereon to the Trustees the Sum of Thirty One
Pounds and four Pence farthing. And the said Commissioners having
observed That it did not appear to them that he had ever paid any Rent
for a Town Lot, Two Houses and a Warehouse belonging to John Goddard an
Orphan value Eighteen Pounds a Year possessed by the said Thomas Christie
for some Years, And Charging him generally with having converted several
Sums of Money and Effects to his own Use belonging to Persons who died
in Georgia, as well as to the Trustees. The said Thomas Christie was
examined concerning the same, who answered That he had Surrendered
the said Orphans Estate, and was discharged therefrom that the Money
and Effects of deceased Persons never came to his hands Nor any thing
belonging to the Trustees more than Charged upon him by the Store except
forty Shillings for Fines as hereafter mentioned. Whereupon the Com-
mittee preceeded [sic] to examine into those Articles of his Claim not
included in his Account received from the Commissioners in Georgia, And find
them to consist of the following Sums. Vizt. Sixteen Pounds One Shill
ing and Eight Pence for half a Year's Allowance as Recorder from
Michaelmas 1739. to Lady Day 1740. on the last Estimate of the Trustees
to which the Committee have no Objection. Of fifty three Pounds five
Shillings for a Year's Provision for himself and Family consisting of
seven Heads at Seven Pounds fifteen Shillings each allowed by the
Trustees to the Recorder of Savannah dated the 15th. of May 1735. to
the Payment of which the Committee have no Objection provided he makes
Oath that his Family consisted of so many heads for the whole Year. Of
Eight Pounds fifteen Shillings for One Year and three Quarters Rent of a
Room for the Magistrates from June 1738. to March 1740. at five Pounds a
Year which being the Rate before paid To June 1738 the Committee have
no Objection to this Article. Of two Pounds ten Shillings for
twenty Bushells [sic] of Corn taken by the Indians to be made good to him or
paid for at two Shillings and Sixpence p Bushel, the said Thomas Christie
haveing [sic] Produced the Affidavit of William Star Fitchet concerning the
Pact the Committee have no Objection to this Article provided he makes
Oath that he has received no Satisfaction for the same. Of one Pound
One Shilling for Charges on the Inquests taken on the Bodies of One
MacBride who was drowned. And of Hugh Watson who was supposed to be
murdered, the Committee have no Objection to this Article provided he
makes Oath such Inquests were taken by him. And of two Pounds for
Stationary Ware for the Town Court for two Years and upwards which the
Committee do not think unreasonable. All which Sums Amount together to
the Sum of Eighty three Pounds twelve Shillings and Eight Pence, Out of
which his Debt stated by the Commissioners to the Trustees being deducted
as likewise the forty Shillings which he received for fines, of Mr.
Patrick Houston and John Penrose for selling Spirituous Liquors, will
reduce the same to the Sum of fifty Pounds twelve Shillings and three
pence three farthings as due to the said Thomas Christie Provided
no further Charge than the Debt the Commissrs. have stated shall be
chargeable on him But submitt [sic] to the Common Council in what manner the
Trustees shall be assured thereof
That twenty Pounds be advanced to Mr. Thomas Christie upon his
Account upon his giving sufficient Security for the repayment of the
same, if it dos not appear to be due to him.
Extract of Mr. Verelst's Letter to His Excellency General Oglethorpe
dated the 29. July 1740.
The Trustees having on the 12th of March last presented a
Memorial to the Treasury to be reimbursed L 1,987.0.9 1/2 expended for the
Military Defence [sic] of Georgia, a Copy of which is herewith sent Your
Excellency; It was expedient to have their Lordships Determination
thereon before the Trustees applied for the Issuing the L 4,000 granted
in the last Session of Parliament whereupon I waited on Lord Sundon with
a Copy of it, and made him Master of the Particulars & Reasonableness
of it, and desired his moving it, which he did, and the Treasury finding
it not provided for by any Vote of Parliament, his Lordship told me it
should be put into their next Estimate of Services incurred and not
provided for and be laid by them before the Parliament; I told his
Lordship That if the Trustees had a Minute sent them to that purpose I
thought they would be satisfied with such Determination for the present.
But Lt. Col. Cochran claiming the Expence [sic] of Building the House at St.
Simons for the commanding Officer of Your Regiment as part thereof and
applying to Sir Robt, Walpole and Lord Sundon for Payment; Mr. Laroche
was spoke to to facilitate Payment thereof by the Trust, which the
Treasury would take upon them to make good; and thereupon instead of the
Minute for putting the L 1987.0.9 1/2 into the next Estimate and the
Trustees thereupon applying for the L 4000 the L 4000 was ordered
without any Application from the Trustees and the Minute made thereupon
was sent to the Trustees and Your Excellency has a Copy of it with
this Letter; Which the Trustees not being Satisfied with they would not
pay Lt. Col. Cochran's Claim until voted in Parliament as part of the
said L 1,987.0.9 1/2.
As the Parliament is likely to meet before Christmas; if the
King's Service should detain Your Excellency abroad. Please to forward
as early as possible All Claims of Your Excellency's extraordinary
Expence [sic] relating to the Indians and their Establishments, the
Fortifications, the Boats, Rangers, and other Military Services for the
Defence [sic] of Georgia & Carolina and the better carrying on the War;
and let them be Certified both as to the Particulars and the Amount of the
Expence [sic] of each to be laid before the Treasury with a Memorial in Your Excellency's Name to be Provided for in the Treasury Estimate of Services
incurred and not provided for, and thereby be reimbursed You, while the Spirit
of defraying the Expence [sic] of the present War continues; And as the
Treasury settle the Estimates before the Parliament meets, the sooner they know
Your Excellency's Claims the better; For as the Trustees will not concern
themselves with any Military Expence whatsoever incurred in Georgia
nor be Sollicitous [sic] for the Payment of any in their Corporate Capacity,
their Service, as to the Members in Parliament of them, can be only
when the Consideration of them comes before the House; But that Con-
sideration seldom wants much support when they are such Expences [sic] as are
brought in by the Treasury Estimate, and therefore approved of by the
Sir John Norris is sailed with several Men. of War on some Expedition &
the Duke of Cumberland with him on board as a Voluntier [sic]
Ld. Cathcart is expected to sail very soon now for Jamaica with a Convoy
to join Admiral Vernon, and Captn. Anson goes with several Ships and Land
Forces to the West Indies on another Expedition.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer is at Houghton, but expected next
Monday in Town, after which I hope your Excellency's Regiment will be
Ordered to be reinforced.
Your Friends are very anxious to hear of Your Excellency's Welfare in
the Expedition against St. Augustine, their Fears being for the
Safety of Your Person so much exposed to an Enemy; And the Want of
Numbers to Support the Strength for great Work, But if their Fears
should be happily dissipated by the Assistance of the most Powerfull [sic]
Strength and Protection from above, enabling You to Succeed; They then
naturally consider which will be most servicable [sic] to demolish the Place
and choak [sic] the Harbour [sic] by throwing the Fortifications into the
Sea, and thereby take away this Bone of Contention with the Spaniards; or
to keep the Place in case it should be thought necessary for Peace sake to
restore it. Adml. Vernon's Example has been to act in the first Case,
but what is best in your Excellency's Case, no one can judge better
Mr. Verelts to the E. of Egmont
Georgia Office Westmr.
18 Aug. 1740
Herewith your Lordship receives a Copy of Mr. Norris's Letter
which with all the other Letters are filed by me, since Mr. Martyns
The Contents of the Box withheld from Mr. Stephens was 200 of the
printed Resolutions relating to the Grants and Tenure of Lands in
Georgia, the Original thereof under the Corporation Seal, the Deed Poll
relating to forfeited Lots and notice thereof and Resolutions to be
fixed in the Court at Savannah. And I Suppose them to be so withheld
to prevent the Deed Poll being executed relating to forfeited Lots, for
no other reason for it can be assignable.
We have had many Reports concerning Genl. Oglethorpes [sic] progress;
but nothing Authentick [sic] and therefore not Creditted [sic]. But a
very material Acct. has been received by the Duke of Hew Castle from
Coll. Bull concerning the French having made Peace with the Chickesaw
Indians (I Suppose by large presents) and provoked them to declare War
against the Cherokees; and desiring the Kings Protection by additional
Capt. Thomson will attend me on Friday next at this Office to
peruse the Affidavits already made, and a Copy of his additional one
shall be Sent Mr. Martyn by Saturdays Post.
The next occasion of sending to your Lordship shall convey the
Papers I received from Mr. Moore about the taking St. Diego. I am
Yr. Lordships most Obedt. Servant
NB. Col. Stephens
received this 16
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. dated
at Westminster the 25th. October 1740.
Your last Letter to the Trustees being 14th. May, and nothing
later, have caused them to fear some Alterations in your health, which
would be a real Concern to them; but hearing nothing thereof, they hope
James Smith who with his Wife came from Georgia with Captain
Thomson having Petitioned the Trustees for leave to Alienate the House
and Lot late Henry Closes within the Township of Savannah, the same was
agreed to and a Surrender Made to the Trustees in favour [sic] of Captain
Thomson to whom the Trustees have directed the Possession and Property
thereof to be given; a Copy of which Surrender Captain Thomson brings
You with a Particular Letter for that Purpose.
The Trustees have appointed John Pye to be Recorder of Savannah
in the Room of Thomas Christie, as also the said Recorder and the
Recorder of Frederica, and Mr. Patrick Houstoun to be Conservators of
the Peace; whose Appointments with other Deeds ordered will be sent over
by the first Opportunity after the Draughts of them are perused and
Which other Deeds are Consequent of the Resolutions made in
Common Council the 21st. of July last concerning the Tenure and
Cultivation of Lands in Georgia and of which I have sent you a
particular Copy herewith
Messrs. Woodward and Flower and Mr. Fallowfield having wrote to
the Trust concerning the Bond taken for Duties, and the Seizure made of
Goods on board the Beaufort Scooner the Case is to be Stated and Com-
pared with the Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain concerning the
enumerated Duties Collectable in the Plantations, and Trade and Naviga-
tion there; and then a Determination will be sent over, of which they
have been particularly acquainted.
Mary Page the Widow of Peter Page late Freeholder at Highgate in
Georgia having represented her Losses and Disappointments; and prayed
some Consideration for her late Husbands Labour [sic] in building his
House and improving the Land allotted him. The Accot. of whose Improvements
as laid before the Trustees is herewith sent You, And You are desired to
Inquire if the said House and Lott are possessed and by whom;
and if possessed to use all Possible means for obtaining from the
Possessor a Consideration for her said Husbands Labour [sic]; but if vacant
you are desired to dispose thereof for the Widows Benefit in such manner
as you shall think best, the Trustees in regard to her particular Case
advanced her L 5 Sterling in the meantime.
Mr. Henry Garret having wrote to the Trustees and sent his Claim
of L 42:14;0 for hie Service in the Orphans Accots. in Georgia a
Copy of which Claim is herewith sent You for You and Mr. Henry Parker
and Mr. Jones or any two of You to examine into the Service performed,
the necessity of it and to Report thereupon as also what may be a reason-
able Reward for such Service; of which please to acquaint them that it
is the Trustees Pleasure signified to You they should do so.
The Trustees have sent You in a Box directed to You and for which
a Bill of Lading of that and other Parcels is inclosed L 2,000
Sterling in their Sola Bills filled up to Your Self Mr. Henry Parker
and Mr. Thomas Jones or any two of you to Issue for defraying the
Estimated Expences [sic] in Georgia from Michaelmas last; consisting of
12 Books containing 100 Bills Each Letter A. No. 4,351 to
5,550 of One pound each. 1,200.-.-
1 Book Containing 80 Bills Letter C. No. 86l to 940 of
L 5.-.- each 400.-.-
And 1 Book containing 40 Bills Letter D. No. 307 to 346 of
L 10.-.-each. 400.-.-
And in the same Box is a Bundle of Caps for Leonard Whiteing a Youth in
Service in Georgia brought to the Office by his Mother; as also the
Daily Advertisers from l4th. June 1740 to 21st. October foll, a Packet
to Your Self and One to Mr. Bolzius.
The Parcels and Letters herewith sent please to let them be
delivered as directed.
The Trustees expect Your Joint Accounts Of the Issuing their
Sola Bills for the Services they estimated to be defrayed therewith
which commenced at Michaelmas 1739 that the Services may appear defrayed
in their Accounts to the Publick which they close every 9th. of June and
therefore desire such Accots. by the Return of Captain Thomson,
which may not have been before sent them.
The Trustees have also sent You two Casks of Shoes, as p Invoice
Amounting to L 93.11.3 herewith transmitted to be Accompted for as part
of their estimated Expences [sic].
The Trustees have given leave that Captain Thomson may have
Liberty without Charge for Warehouse Room to put any of his Goods in
their Storehouses for Safe Custody, which are not in any other manner
used for the Trustees Service; as they keep no Store themselves, but the
Care of any Remain belonging to them not yet Issued or disposed off.
Your most Obedt. Servant
Henry Lloyd's Wife and Child
and Maid Servant comes by this
Ship being sent back to her
husband at the Trustees Expence [sic].
NB. Col. Stephens recd, this
22 May 1741
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. dated
the 17th. December 1740.
This a acquaints you of the Receipt of Your Letter dated 6th.
October last attended with Your Journal and acknowledges your Journals
to be all received and compleat [sic] from your first arrival, which the
Trustees have bound up in yearly Volumes, whereby when indexed every
Occurrence will immediately appear and those Volumes become the History
of the Colony to your great Reputation to whom they are owing.
The Trustees have been impatient for the present true State of
the Colony and would have been glad you had sent what you knew of it;
without waiting for General Oglethorpe's Account of what he knows of
it, For tho they desired his assisting You in it. Yet they well know how
full of Military Avocations he has been and is engaged in, and there
fore might not expect it in time; That Accot. they wanted was for the
present Use to Satisfy the Parliament of a subsisting Colony, and take
off those Reflections and Reproaches it has laboured [sic] under from the
Poison of discontented People under selfish Views,
The Trustees being sensible you must feel the want of Your Sons
help occasioned their adding L 25. in their Estimate for a Clerk for
You and they have directed me to use all possible means of getting
a Proper Person to be sent over to give You that necessary Assistance
you so much want.
As you and Mr. Jones become the joint Issuers of their Bills for
defraying their Estimated Expenses in Georgia, the Trustees expect Your
Accots. of those Expences [sic] so defrayed; and if any Variation of
Expence [sic] shall or may necessarily arise that You acquaint them with
it, and endeavour [sic] in the mean time That all Essentiall [sic] Matters
may not suffer during any Representation coming to England; As for Example
the Beacon at Tybee having been found of so great use and raised at so great
an Expence [sic] to the Publick [sic], should any Accident happen to it for
want of obeying the Trustees Directions for repairing it; It would be a very
blameable [sic] Omission and create a much greater Expence [sic] in new
Therefore as the Trustees cannot desire General Oglethorpes [sic]
interposing in their Civil Concerns while he is employed in his Military
Ones which are distinct Services, they expect their Orders to be pursued
by those to whom they are given without their giving the General
the trouble of being Consulted or waiting for his Direction therein.
which the Trustees themselves do not expect from him, nor reasonably
The Trustees are glad to hear his health is better for his Presence and
Continuance in this time of Danger is of the utmost Importance.
Your most Obedient Servant
The Trustees desire you will
send them a few Names of some
of the Inhabitants whom they
may depend on to serve them in
the well Government of both parts
of the Province, That in Case of
need they may provide for those
only who are most deserving.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Jones dated at
Westminster the 17th. Decr. 1740.
I received your Letter dated 6th. October last with two to Mr.
Lyde which I delivered to him after perusing and sealing that which
was open, which gave him great Satisfaction as it had done me before.
The Trustees received Mr. Stephens's Journal at the same time,
and observe on Your Letter to me that Mr. Fallowfield's behaviour [sic] has
been very Wrong upon which Occasion he will be particularly wrote to
the next Opportunity, the Trustees had a very different Expectation
from him or they would not have made him a Magistrate.
The Trustees are very well Satisfied with the Pains You have
taken in the Accots. of Mr. Causton and Mr. Bradley and the examining
the other Publick [sic] Accounts; and aa Mr, Stephens and You are the Joint
Issuer of their Sola Bills for defraying their Estimated Expenses in
Georgia, they expect Your Accounts of those Expences so defrayed; And if
any Variation of Expence [sic] shall or may necessarily arise that You acquaint
them with it and endeavour [sic] in the mean time yt, all essential Matters may
not suffer during any Representation coming from England; As for example
the Beacon at Tybee having been found of so great Use and raised
at so great an Expence to the Publick [sic], should any Accident happen to it
for want of obeying the Trustees Directions for repairing it. It would
be a very blameable [sic] Omission and Create a much greater Expence in new
Therefore as the Trustees cannot desire General Oglethorpe's
interposing in their Civil Concerns, while he is employed in his Military
Ones, which are distinct Services, they expect their Orders
to be persued [sic] by those to whom they are given without their giving
the General the Trouble of being Consulted or waiting for his Direction
therein which the Trustees themselves do not expect from him nor reason
The Trustees are glad to hear his health is better for his presence and
Continuance in this time of Danger is of the utmost Importance.
The Trustees desire you will on all Occasions consult with and
be assistive to Col. Stephens to make his Service to the Trust as easy
to him as may be, and there is nothing wherein You can recommend Your
Self to the Trustees Favour [sic] more than a Close adherence to him on every
Occasion for their Esteem for him is such That as their Chief Dependence
is on him so they will on all Occasions support and encourage him.
The Trustees desire you will send them a few Names of some
of the Inhabitants whom they may depend on to serve them in the Well
Government of both parts of the Province; That in case of need they
may provide for those only who are most deserving
Inclosed herewith you have a Letter from Mr. Lyde.
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. John Brownfield dated
at Westmr, the 17th, Decemr, 1740.
The Trustees not hearing from You since the 9th, of February
last and knowing that You received from Col. Stephens the 15th. of March
following a List of the Freeholders and others at Savannah to be made
perfect and returned to Col. Stephens to forward to the Trustees, they
desire to know if Your Ill State of health has prevented their hearing
from You and Your going on with their Business as Register of the
Province for they must hear of the Progress of their Officers, and by
every Opportunity be Corresponded with, or else such Persons are not
Fit for their service.
Your most humble Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Henry Newman dated at
Westminster the 27th Decr. 1740
Your letter of the 24th Instant, with one inclosed from Mr.
Bolzius to You dated June the 26th. has been laid before a Board of
Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia, who are disposed to
give Mr. Thilo all the Encouragement in their Power to continue among
the Saltzburghers; and particularly to give him a Town Lot at Ebenezer
the usual Tools the Passage and a Years Subsistance [sic] of a German
Servant, and the General allowance that is given to the people at their
first settling; and the first Board of Common Council this will, I
believe be assented to.
As to the other part of the Letter, the Increasing the Settlement at
Ebenezer by sending over a greater Number of Saltzburghers; The
Trustees are likewise very well inclined to do it the first Opportunity,
but cannot come to any Determination till they know the Success of their
Application to the Parliament this Session
Your most Obedt. Servant
A 50 Acre Lot at Ebenezer
the usual Tools; which are two
Hoes a Falling Axe, and Splitting
Wedges with Ring for a Beetle
A Cow and Calf a Sow a Cock and Hen, and a Years
Subsistance to a Servant at 8d a Day in lieu thereof.
(Pages 89 through 101, comprising printed matter on The Case of the
People who have Settled in Georgia, have not been copied.)
For the Anniversary Meeting of the
Trustees for establishing the Colony of
Georgia in America to be held the 19th,
of March 1740/1
The whole Amount of Sola Bills sent to Georgia to be issued there
for the Service of the Colony to Lady Day 1741. is L 15,710.-.- whereof
there has been returned and paid and accepted for Payment L 11,661.-.-.
The Balance to be applied by the General Abstract is L 2,820.12.8 1/2
whereof appropriated for answering all Outstanding Debts in America
L 1,653.8.5 which may be less but can't be more, by which Appropriation
the said Balance to be applied will be the Sum of L 1,167.4,3 1/2 whereof
for establishing the Colony L 1,098.19.1 1/2 for building of Churches
L 34.15.0 for the Missionaries L 13.10.2 1/4 and for the Religious Uses in
general L 20.-.-
The Trustees on the Recommendation' of the late Doctor Waterland,
appointed the Reverend Mr. William Metcalfe their Missionary at Savannah
in Georgia, and revoked Mr. Whitefield's Power to perform Ecclesiastical
Offices there; But Mr. Metcalfe having been ill, and lately not answer
ing the Letters sent him, his going over is at present uncertain
The Common Council of the Trustees have appointed a Committee to
digest and prepare proper Instructions proposed for a President and four
Assistants in the Northern and Southern parts of Georgia for the better
regulating the Government thereof.
They have also made Persons capable of enjoying by Inheritance
or Devise any Quantity of Lands in Georgia not exceeding Two thousand
Acres, the Grantees now holding their Lands in Tail General, and
have Power for three Years from Michas 1741 to lease the same for any
Term not exceeding 21. Years from the date of such Lease to any Person
or Persons who shall during such Term, reside occupy and cultivate the
They have likewise released all Forfeitures incurred before
Christmas 1740 relating to the Tenures or Cultivation of Lands, and
reduced the Conditions of Cultivation and planting Mulberry
Trees to 100 d. Acres to be cultivated in twenty Years from the dates of
the Grants of 500.d Acres of Land and 2,000.d white Mulberry Trees being
planted in that time and the same Proportions for lesser quantitys
The Lands granted since the last Anniversary Meeting are.
16. Febry. A Lease to Mr. Thomas Christie for 21. Years Acres
renewable by Covenant at a Fine certain 200
The Number of Persons sent upon the Charity are
Persons Protestants British
In the 1st, Year to the 9th, of June 1733. 152. 11. 141.
In the 2d, Year to the 9th. of June 1734. 341. 104. 237
In the 3d. Year to the 9th, of June 1735. 81. 58. 23
In the 4th. Year to the 9th. of June 1736. 470. 129. 341
In the 5th Year to the 9th. of June 1737. 32. .... 32
In the 6th. Year to the 9th. of June 1738. 298. 163. 135
In the 7th. Year to the 9th. of June 1739. 9. 7. 2
In the 8th. Year to the 9th. of June 1740. 138. 134. 4
1,521. 606. 915.
October By the Georgia Packet
Captain Thomson . . . . 3. --- 3
February. By the Carolina Packet
Captain Surry 3. 3 ----
1,527. 609. 918
Genl. Abstract of Accts. to 18 March 1740/1
[The following which is two pages wide cannot be properly represented here. Look at the typed transcript to have a better understanding of this]
The General Abstract, of the Accompt of the Trustees for Establishing
the Colony of Georgia in America from the 9th. day of June 1740 to
the 18th. day of March following, To be laid before them at their
Anniversary Meeting on Thursday the 19th, of March 1740, being
the third Thursday in the said month.
the 9th. of June
Monies remaining in the
Bank of England the 9th.
of June 1740.
To answer Sola
Bills of Exchange
sent to Georgia Balance
and issuable there to be
for the Service Applied
of the Colony
since the 9th.
of June 1740.
The several Purposes for which monies
have been received and applied and expended
7.138 14 7 1/2
3,151 - -
2 4 3/4.
4,018 12 6
16,858 9 6
For the following
uses of the Colony
371 15 --
---- - -
184 15 --
---- -- -
556 10 -
13 10 2 1/4
The Building of
The use Missionaries
instructing and converting
the Native Indians
And for the religious
Colony in general such
Books, the cultivating
Provision for the
and the impropriation
of a Catechist - - - -
7.700 9 7 1/4 3,151-- 2,768 7 7 4,018 12 6 17,638 9 8 11/4 Totals
since the 9th,
of June 1740
and taken from
came to England
9th, of June
Depending on several
Persons in America
Monies remaining the
18th, of March 1740.
of Exchange Balance Total
issued in remaining
Georgia for to be
the Service applied
622 17 5 1/2 1,043 9 11 8,390 14 7 1/2 4,049 - - 2,752 7 6 1/2 16,858 9 6
and Schools for
to Christianity. 521 15- 34 15 556 10 -
Uses of the
the buying of
to raise a
of a Minister, 190- 13 10 2 1/4 13 10 2 1/4
Totals 622 17 5 1/2 1.043 9 11 9,102 9 7 1/4 4,049 - - 2,820 12 8 1/2
17,638 9 8 1/4
Note In the L 4,049.-.- appropriated to answer Sola Bills of Exchange issued in
Georgia, L 150.-.- of them were sent to be applied towards building a Church at
Savannah in Georgia. And that L 16. 5.7 of the above Sum of L 2,752. 7.6 1/4 is
appropriated towards building a Church in Georgia.
Georgia Trustees Office
Palace Court Westminster Harman Verelst Accotant.
18. March 1740.
(Pages 111 through 118 comprise a printed Description of Georgia by
Mr. Tho. Christie, which has not been copied.)
Copy of the Constitution appointing Wim. Stephens Esqr. President
and Henry Parker Thomas Jones John Fallowfield and Samuel
Marcer the four Assistants for the County of Savannah in Georgia
and John Pye their Clerk.
To all to whom these Presents shall come The Common Council of
the Corporation of the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia
in America Send Greeting Whereas the Province of Georgia is So much
extended by Settlements at Frederica in the Southern Part and Savannah
and Augusta in the Northern part and in Towns and Villages thereunto
adjacent. By reason, of the great Distances of which several Settlements,
it is become Necessary for the good Government of the whole to make
some Alteration in the present Regulations. And Whereas His Majesty
King George the second Hath by his Letters Patent bearing Date the ninth
day of June 1732 Granted Established and Ordained That the Common
Council for the time being of the said Corporation should from time to
time for during and untill [sic] the full End and Expiration of twenty one
Years from the Date of the said Letters Patent have full Power and
Authority to nominate make constitute commission ordain and appoint by
such Name or Names Stile or Stiles as to them should seem meet
fitting all and Singular such Officers Civil and Military both by
Sea and Land within the said Province as should by them be thought fit
and needfull [sic] to be made or used for the Government of the said Colony
(except such as should he appointed by His Majesty His Heirs and Suc-
cessors for the managing collecting and receiving such Revenues as
should arise within the said Province and become due to His Majesty
His Heirs and Successors) And Whereas We the said Common Council by
Our Resolution bearing Date the fifteenth day of this Instant April, did
direct That for the time to come the said Province should be divided
into two Counties, the one to he called and distinguished by the Name
of the County of Savannah and the other by the Name of the County of
Frederica and to prevent any Dispute which might arise about the Bounds
of such Counties did further direct That the District of the County of
Savannah should include all the Settlements upon the Savannah River and
both Banks of the Ogeeche River, and so much further Southward of the
Ogeeche as shod, be by Us appointed when a Proper Map shall he sent from
Georgia for that Purpose And Resolved That for the better carrying on
the Civil Administration of the said Counties a President and four
Assistants should be appointed for each removeable [sic] at Pleasure
and that they should he subject to such Orders as they from time to
time should receive from the Common Council for the time being of the
said Corporation Now Know Ye That We the said Common Council in pur-
suance and Execution of the Power and Authority to Us given by His
Majesty's said Letters Patent and in Pursuance of our said former
Resolutions Have nominated constituted and appointed and by these
Presents do nominate constitute and appoint William Stephens Esqr.
President of the County of Savannah and Henry Parker Thomas Jones
John Fallowfield and Samuel Marcer the four Assistants in in and for the
said County And have also nominated constituted and appointed And by
the Presents do nominate constitute and appoint John Pye the Present
Recorder of Savannah to be Clerk to the said President and Assistants.
To have and to hold the said Offices of President Assistants and Clerk
together with all such Powers Authorities and Jurisdictions which are to
them respectively given by Instructions hearing equal Date herewith or
such other as shall hereafter he given to them and their Successors
respectively by the Common Council for the time being of the said
Corporation for during and until such time only as some other Person or
Persons in the Boom and Stead of the said William Stephens Henry
Parker Thomas Jones John Fallowfield Samuel Mercer and John Pye or
any or either of them or their Successors respectively shall be lawfully
nominated and appointed And Whereas it may frequently happen That the
President and the four Assistants may by unavoidable Accidents be
prevented Meeting all together. In Order therefore to Guard against any
Inconvenience which may arise for want of such Meeting and for the
better Dispatch of Business the said Common Council do hereby direct That
the President and any two of the Assistants be a Quorum for the Transact
ing of Business And if at any time the Number of Voices upon any
Question before them should be equal the President shall have a Casting
Voice; and in Case of the President's Absence by Sickness or any neces-
sary Avocation when Business is required to he done the first Assistant
who shall he present shall preside who with any two of the other Assis-
tants are hereby Authorized to proceed on the Business before them. But
no orders or Transactions by them (excepting Appeals from the Courts
below) shall be valid until approved of by the President. And in Case
of the Presidents Death the first Assistant is hereby Authorized to act as
President with all such Powers Authorities and Jurisdictions as were in
the President until a New one shall he appointed by the Common Council
for the time being of the said Corporation And We the said Common
Council do hereby further direct That the said President Assistants and
Clerk do severally before they shall be esteemed to have any Authority
under this Appointment take an Oath in the Town Court of Savannah That
he will well and truly execute his said Office according to the In-
structions he shall from time to time receive for that Purpose to the
best of his Skill and Judgement and also do severally in the said Town
Court Take the Oaths of Allegiance Supremacy and Abjuration mentioned
in an Act made in the first Year of the Reign of His late Majesty King
George the first (Entituled [sic] an Act for the further Security of His
Majesty's Person and Government and the Succession of the Crown in the
Heirs of the late Princess Sophia being Protestants and for extinguish
ing the hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales and his open and Secret
Abettors) In Witness whereof the said Common Council have to these
Presents affixed the Common Seal of the Corporation of the said Trustees
for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America the twentieth day of
April in the fourteenth Year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord
George the second by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and
Ireland King Defender of the Faith and so forth And in the Year of Our
Lord One thousand seven hundred and forty one.
Copys [sic] of Private Instructions to the President of the
County of Savannah. 20 April 1741
You are to direct the Bailiffs to summon as soon as may be an
extraordinary Court at Savannah and there cause the Appointment of You
and the Assistants with the Publick [sic] and likewise the General Instructions
to he distinctly read in Open Court. And on that Occasion You are to
address Yourself to the People who shall attend and set forth the tender
regard the Trustees have for the Welfare of the Colony and every indivi-
dual therein, by not only abolishing the past Forfeitures but granting
them Estates in Tail General with a Power of devising their Lands
whereby whether Male or Female Persons residing in Georgia are enabled
to hold by Devise or Inheritance in Tail General for Ever as far as
2000.d Acres of Land if the Case shall so happen and by having granted
a General Licence [sic] for leasing their Lands to Persons residing in Georgia
for any Term not exceeding twenty one Years That the first Tenure of
Lands was only a temporary one until the defence [sic] of the Colony was
provided for, and was necessary in the Infancy of this Colony for the
Safety of the whole by having a defencible [sic] Man the owner of each Lot.
And You are to Exhort the People to apply themselves diligently to
Cultivation and Plantation of Mulberry Trees and Vines, and other
usefull [sic] Produces as a certain means of enabling them to Subsist
themselves and Families with Comfort, and at this Court You and the
Assistants, and the Clerk are to take the Oaths required by the Constitution appointing You and them.
You are to send over a List of five Persons fit to be nominated
on a Vacancy in the Assistants
Notwithstanding Your being appointed President You are as
Secretary to continue those Journals you have from time to time sent
over and which have given great Satisfaction to the Trustees and in
your Letters attending them to send an Account of the Wants and Defects
of Your District, what New Improvements are made by the Industry of the
Inhabitants what further Improvements may be made or Advantage gained by
Trade, And how the Trustees may contribute thereto.
You are to transmitt [sic] to the Trustees with the best speed You
are able an Alphabetical Accot. of the present Humber of Inhabitants
within your whole District, Men Women and Children of both Sexes, As
well Masters as Servants, distinguishing the Freeholders and Lease
holders under the Trust or others where settled, and how many capable
to bear Arms in the Militia with their Ages; all these in separate
Columns; with Lists of such as within a twelve month past have
died or quitted the Colony. You are to do the same Yearly and add such
remarks at the bottom of the Page as You shall Judge Proper, as what
Business they follow how employed in the Publick [sic] Service &c and also
what Number of Publick [sic] houses are licenced [sic] or Revoked.
You are to transmitt [sic] as soon as it can be done a Map of Your
District and the several Towns Villages and Plantations therein with
their Distances in Miles by Land and Water with a Number expressing
such Distances, in case the said Map be not made to a Scale, Your Dis-
trict is described in Your Constitution
You are to get Information concerning the State of the Town of
Augusta and of the Neighboring County on both sides the River Savannah
for Ten Miles round, with the Plantations; and return the Trustees a
p'ticular [sic] and Minute Account thereof, the Trustees being not
sufficiently informed of these Particulars; And if any Abuses or Deficiency
of good Government at Augusta be found, you are to acquaint the Trustees
therewith once a Year or oftner [sic] as you see Cause, with such remarks as
You think fit to make particularly the Trade carried on with the
Indians, and the quantity of Acres under Cultivation
For this end You are hereby required to go to Augusta if needfull [sic]
at the most convenient Season, to take an exact Account in what
manner the Affairs of that Town are carried on, and to form a Plan of
Government thereof fit to be laid before the Trustees, and to propose a
List of proper Persons for the Government thereof; and to know how the
Trade with the Indians is carried on, and how the Money arising by
Licencing [sic] the Traders is Accounted for.
You are likewise to employ a Person in Visiting other Villages
Ports and Plantations less distant from Savannah, when Your going is not
necessary or the Affairs of the Province will not permitt [sic] it.
Once a Year you are to return the Trustees a Compleat [sic] List of
all the Ships that have entered Your Harbour [sic] and sailed therefrom,
the time of Entry and departure, with the Names of such Passengers as
arrived to settle in the Province, and of such as departed the Province
on board them with Intent to quit the Colony entirely or to return.
You are to use Your best Endeavours [sic] to prevent any Intelligence
being Conveyed to the Enemy of the Estate of Your District, And to
prevent the giving Intelligence by Intercepting Letters that go from
You to Great Britain. You must put Lead into the Bag with the Letters
that may Sink them in case of Danger.
The House which William Bradley built at Savannah which You
are at Liberty to inhabit must be repaired with as much Prudence and as
little Expence [sic] to the Trustees as may be.
Signed by Order of the Common Council
of the Trustees for establishing
the Colony of Georgia in America
This Twentieth day of April in
the Year of Our Lord One Thousand
seven hundred and forty one
Benj. Martyn Sectary.
Publick [sic] Instructions to the President of the
County of Savannah.
You are to take care that God Almighty be devoutly and duly
honoured [sic] and Served throughout Your District according to the
Rites of the Church of England, But You shall allow a Free Toleration
to all Protestant Dissenters of every Denomination nor shall You exercise
any Inquisition on the private Opinions of any One, but permit Liberty of
Conscience to all that are contented with a quiet and peaceable Enjoy
ment of the same, and give no Offence [sic] or Scandal to the Government
You must to the utmost of Your Power discourage all Vice
Prophaneness [sic] and Immorality, And if any Minister or School Master in
Your district do by his Life or Doctrine set a bad Example, You must
Admonish him of the same, and immediately acquaint the Trustees thereof,
that in Case of his remaining incorrigible, he may be recalled.
You are to take care that all Orders made by You and the Assistants be
Carefully Entered by the Clerk into the Book of Your Proceedings.
You are to demand of the Minister or in his Absence of his Clerk
an exact Account of the Marriages, Births, and Deaths, and send them
annually to the [Trustees.
You are to demand and oblige the Register to give You a fair
Abstract once a Year of the Records in his Office, such as Grants of
Lands or Leases of Lands, of Wills, Certificates of Marriage &c and to
keep one Copy for the Use of the President and Assistants for the time
being and to send another to the Trustees, And it is hereby required
That all Persons concerned have; upon Application to the President and
Assistants a Copy of Certificate at their option of all such Records
wherein they are concerned, such Persons paying the Clerk for the
trouble of making out such Copy or Certificate in such Proportions as
You and the Assistants shall think reasonable and settle.
You are not to discourage Merchants and others who shall
bring Trade into Your District, or any way Contribute to the Advantage
thereof. But You are carefully to suppress the engrossing of any
Commodity by any Person whatever as destructive of that Freedom which is
the life of Trade, and a great Oppression on any People where such
things are suffered.
You are to keep a strict Eye to the Observance of the Law against
the Importation of Negroes and Rum. The Trustees by observing what
passes in other Colonies being more and more convinced of the
Salutaryness [sic] of those Laws for the Safety of the Persons, and
Preservation of the health of the People of Georgia.
You are to have the sole Command of the Trustees Boats within
Your District and none shall use them but by Your Permission, the Patroons
of them may he suspended by You for any Default and may he restored by
You are to use all prudent means to engage the Indians to continue in
Amity with Georgia and with South Carolina.
And that there may not be any Neglect in the due Execution
of such Orders as have been given in relation to the Trustees Servants
It is hereby intended That the Trustees Servants in the County of
Savannah shall be under Your general Inspection. And You are hereby
impowered [sic] to inquire how far the Orders formerly given have been
obeyed and if you find there has been any Neglect in the present Overseers,
You are to remove and discharge them and appoint new ones as You shall
find reason, and so from time to time as often as there shall he
If You think fit to live in the great House which William Bradley
built. You are at Liberty so to do.
The repairing of the Beacon on Tybee Island being of the
greatest Importance for the Security of the Navigation along the Coast,
is to be preferred to all other Publick [sic] Works.
You are to take Care That the Guard Duty be Strictly Observed.
You are to cause a Table of Lawfull [sic] Degrees of Marriage according
to the Church of England to be hung up in all Places of Publick [sic]
Worship; and that before the Solemnization of Marriage, the Bans of all
Marriages be regularly Published in the respective Places of Publick [sic]
Whereas divers Grants of lands or Leases of Lands may have been
made within Your District, some whereof may not have been registered;
You are to send over a particular Accot, of them, when past and
how occupied distinguishing those which are Registered from those which
are not. And You are to call upon those who have not Registered their
Grants to Register them forthwith as necessary for the Security of their
If any Occupy Land without Grant or Lease from the Trustees or
others and are industrious in cultivating the same You must require them
for their own Security to take out Grants or Leases thereof; and if they
neglect applying for the same within six months after Notice in Writing,
They will he considered as Intruders, and the Lands will be Seized for
the use of the Trust; For no Original Right can he acquired but under
Grant from the Trust.
You are to take care That no Man obtaining a Grant of land shall
be delayed in the running out the Same and to employ a Surveyor as soon
as may be for that Purpose.
You are to take care that in the Survey of all lands granted
near a River That there he preserved on the Banks of the River for
towing Paths and Carriages a Space not less than forty Yards wide.
The Clerk to You and the Assistants is to take care to transcribe
Copies of all the Proceedings at every Meeting from the Minutes of them
taken by him in Order to their being transmitted to the Trustees
signed by You.
Signed by Order of the Common Coucil
of the Corporation of the Trustees for
establishing the Colony of Georgia in
America This twentieth day of April in
the Tear Of Our Lord one thousand
seven hundred and forty one.
General Instructions for the President
and Assistants of the County of Savannah
In Order That proper Persons may he licensed for keeping of
Publick [sic] Houses You are annually in Easter Week to Licence [sic]
Publick [sic] Houses for retailing Liquors for the Year ensuing and suffer
none to Subsist but such as You licence [sic], the Number of which must be proportioned to the wants of the Inhabitants; You are also to revoke
Licences [sic] when upon Complaint and Inquiry you are assured that the
Persons possest [sic] of them abuse their Priviledge [sic] by keeping
disorderly Houses; and You are to take care That No Licence [sic] be
granted without a Condition to be void as if none such had been granted,
on Conviction of any Misbehaviour [sic] before the President and Assistants,
or any two of them.
All Persons who shall at any time hereafter think themselves aggrieved
by any Judgement given in The Town Court where the Matter in Dispute
exceeds the Value of L 20 may upon due Notice in Writing Signed by the
Party aggrieved for that purpose to be given to the Clerk to the President
and Assistants within 14 days after such Judgement given, appeal to the President and Assistants, and upon the Party Complaining giving to the said Clerk Security with sufficient Sureties to double the Sum for which Judgement was given to answer the Costs and Damages of such Appeal, Execution shall be staid until the Determination of such Appeal and not otherwise. And in like manner in Causes where the Matter in dispute exceeds the Value of L 100 All Persons thinking themselves by any Judgement therein given, may upon like
Notice given as aforesaid appeal to the Trustees; and upon like Security given
as aforesaid Execution shall he staid in such Causes until the Determination
of such Appeals and not otherwise.
And Whereas it will be of Service to the Colony and to all
Persons trading therein That there should be known and Certain times
for the Dispatch of Business in the Town Courts of the said Colony to he
held at such times as shall he least inconvenient to the Progress
of the Improvements of the Colony which may from henceforth be
distinguished as Terms, or by Names answering to the Seasons of the
Year, You are to consider in what manner such Certain times may he
best fixt [sic] and to lay before the (Trustees a Scheme for that Purpose
with Such Regulations as may appear to You most necessary and convenient;
taking Care that the Continuance of such Courts he not longer than is
necessary for Dispatch of Business.
No Person to sit on Juries hut Landholders and Freeholders.
No Assistant Pilot, Naval Officer or Overseer of Trust Servants
to be obliged to sit on Juries.
And to prevent frivolous and Oppressive Suits for the future no
Person shall he held to Bail in any Civil Action, unless the Creditor
do Swear that his Debt Amounts to forty shillings or upwards.
Whereas the Trustees are above all things desirous that all the
Inhabitants may enjoy their Legal Rights and Liberties, They hereby
Order that if any Person be Committed for any Criminal Matters (unless
for Treason or Felony plainly and especially expressed in the Warrant
of Committement[sic]) he have free Liberty to Petition the President,
or in his Absence any two of the Assistants by himself or any other
Person on his Behalf for a Writ of Habeas Corpus which Writ upon such
Application shall be granted, and the President or such Assistants may
if they think proper admit such Person to be Bailed upon his giving
sufficient security for his Appearance.
For the Discouragement of Vexatious Suits in case any Action
shall be brought for a Malicious Prosecution It shall be recommended to
the Jury to make the Party aggrieved full Satisfaction by giving Suffi-
A Table of Moderate Fees must be settled by the President and
Assistants and transmitted to the Trustees by the first Opportunity for
their Approbation and Confirmation in Order to be hung up in the Town
Court, and such Table of Fees shall be in force until altered by the
The President and Assistants to consider of the properest means
of inviting the Neighbouring [sic] Indians to be Christians, and for that
purpose that they shall from time to time transmitt [sic] to the Trustees
such Methods as they shall think proper for the same.
No Publick [sic] Money whatever shall be issued or otherwise disposed
off than by Warrant under the hand and Seal of the President by and with
the Advice & Consent of the Assistants in Council Assembled or the
Major part; and the President to send monthly Accompts of such Issues
and for what Particular Services.
No Publick [sic] Debts to be incurred, no Encouragement promised that
may create Expence [sic], no Exceedings [sic] of the Estimate suffered or Diversion of appropriated Sums to particular Uses, Except by Direction of the
Trustees first Obtained, on pain of their being lyable [sic] to repay or
make good the same, who shall Sign Such Warrants Excepting in such Cases
as shall be hereafter Specified.
But because there will arise Expences [sic] Subject to the Presidents
Sole direction It shall be lawfull [sic] and the Assistants are required to
Joyn [sic] with the President in inpresting [sic] to him One hundred Pounds Sterling at a time (For which this Direction is a sufficient Warrant) and that
the Publick [sic] Service may not be impeded, upon his Certificate and
delivery of the Vouchers of the Money Spent, to repeat a like Imprest [sic]
unto him and so toties [sic] quoties[sic]; so that the several Sums
advanced do not exceed the total Sum of L 300 in one Year.
If an Assistant is absent from any Meeting upon due Summons of the President, and without Licence [sic] from him given, a Fine shall be set on him unless
he give good reason for such absence to be Judged of by the President and
Major Part of the other Assistants attending, and the President and Assistants are Impowered [sic] to fix the Value of such Fine.
No Assistant shall be absent from the County above three Months without
Licence [sic] from the President under his hand and Seal; and if he shall
remain longer away without Renewal of such Licence [sic] the President shall have Power to suspend him, and appoint some other Person of good Abilitys [sic], and Life, and well affected to the Government, to Supply his place, until the Trustees further pleasure is known.
Upon the Death of an Assistant, the President shall have Power
to nominate and appoint a Successor, until the Pleasure of the Trustees
be know thereon.
The President shall have Power to suspend the Clerk of the Assistants
upon any Extraordinary Occasion and to appoint a New one to
execute that Office until the Trustees pleasure therein he known; for
which he shall Cause his Reasons to be entered in the Assistants Book,
and a Copy of the same sent to the Trustees by the first Opportunity.
The President by Advice, and with the Consent of the Assistants, shall
have the Power of appointing and removing Constables and Tythingmen
within the County.
The President by and with the Advice and Consent of the Assistants shall
be empowered out of the Trustees Stock of Cattle, to allow
a Cow, and Calf to every Trustee Servant, who when out of his time shall
take up his Grant of Land or take a lease of Land from the Trustees
and to furnish him with a Sow and Cock and Hen the Cattle to be
marked to his Use, and to Pay him at proper times, the Allowance of One
Years Provision and to appoint him good Land in a Convenient Situation.
They shall also order him such Tools as are necessary for him not
exceeding the Value of L 1:0:0 Sterling.
All Pecuniary fines for Misdemeanours [sic] shall he Accoted. for to
the Trust, and a Book kept thereof, and an Extract thereout sent to the
Trustees, and the Money so arising kept in the Publick [sic] Chest where
other Moneys are lodged.
The same to he done by all Licence [sic] Money received from the Indian
Traders, and from licenced [sic] Publick [sic] Houses.
The Wilfull Murder of an Indian in Amity with Great Britain
shall he declared Death, and if any Indian be Maliciously hurt or maimed
by any of our Traders or other Inhabitants such Trader or Inhabitant
shall upon due Conviction be fined, and the Fine levied and given to
the Person injured if alive, or to his Family if dead.
Signed by Order of the Common Council
of the Corporation of the Trustees
for Establishing the Colony of Georgia
in America the Twentieth day of April,
in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand
seven hundred and forty one.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. John Pye dated at
Westmr. 24th. April 1741.
The Trustees have received Your Letter dated the 20th. December
1740 in which you particularly desire to know what the Business of a
Recorder is; and they have order'd me to acquaint You that they never
intended that the Recorder should be consider'd as one of the Magis-
trates but that his Business is confined to taking the Minutes of the
Court and keeping the Records.
As to the other part of Your Letter in relation to Your Salary
I must refer You to Mr. Verelsts [sic] Letter.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr, Thos. Marriott dated at Westmr.
24th, April 1741.
Upon the Recommendation of General Oglethorpe the Trustees have
appointed You second Bailiff of the Town of Frederica in the Room of
Mr. Samuel Perkins And they hope that Your behaviour [sic] in promoting Peace
and Industry among the People both by Your example and Advice, and in
doing Justice to the best of Your Abilitys [sic] will prove you worth of
their Choice, your Appointment under the Seal will he sent by the first
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to William Stephens Esqr. dated
at Westmr, 24th. April 1741.
The Trustees have resolved to send over fifty heads of Saltzburghers.
And one hundred distressed German Protestants in order to settle with the Saltzburghers at Ebenezer. They have therefore ordered me to desire You
will make an Inquiry about the Land which was possessed by some Indians
near the Red Bluff over against Ebenezer; Whether the Indians are still
in Possession of it, and if they are, and it can be got without
dissatisfying them, upon what Terms they will be willing to part with it.
But if they are not inclined, the Trustees direct You to look and set out
the most Convenient Tract of Good Land in the Neighbourhood [sic] of
Ebenezer for Fifty Lots of Fifty Acres each, with the Buttings and
Boundings [sic] and send over by the first Opportunity, the proper Descriptions
of such Land, that a Grant may be made of it accordingly.
The Trustees expect that this should be done without any manner
of delay, because the People will be at Rotterdam in July next in order
to embark for the Colony; and it is necessary that the Land should be
ready for them to occupy at their Arrival.
The Trustees have come to a Resolution that all Servants in the
Province whose time of Service is already expired, shall upon their
producing a Certificate from their Masters of their good Behaviour [sic] be
intitled [sic], Each of them To Fifty Acres of Land instead of twenty
Acres which they are now possessed of or intitled [sic] to by Virtue of their
former Covenants. Therefore they direct You to take Care that a Sufficient Quantity of Good Land for the said Purpose be immediately surveyed
and that they be put in possession thereof; and in Order to Apprise such
Servants, (who at the Expiration of their Service, may have quitted the
Province, and gone to South Carolina, or other adjacent Provinces) of
the Trustees Resolutions in their favour [sic]; They direct that an
Advertisement should be fixed up at the Door of the Town Court at Savannah
and at Frederica, and other proper places in the Province; As likewise
that the Trust Servants at the taking up their Lots shall have an Allowance
for twelve months, at the rate of eight pence a day each Man, and six pence
a day each Woman, with a Cow and Calf and a Sow to each Man and the usual
The Trustees are glad to find by the State of the Province,
which You sent over, that the Silk Business is in some forwardness;
They therefore desire that You will send over by the first Opportunity
an attested Account of what Silk was made in the last Year, and how much
of it was the entire Product of the Colony; As there is nothing will
give the Parliament and the Publick [sic] a more favourable [sic] opinion
of the Province and make it more likely to be supported than the Appearance
of Success in raising Silk; The Trustees earnestly recommend it to
You, that by Your Example and Advice, You will encourage all the People
to apply themselves to it with Industry and without loss of Time. If
the People will but Consider their own Advantage, there is nothing can
tend more effectually to it than this. The best Raw Silk is worth at
least 20 lb or a Guinea a Pound in England, and worse in Proportion.
They will be sure of a ready Market for it at its first Arrival, their
Wives and Daughters and Servants will be the most usefull [sic] in winding
off the Silk; But this must be done soon or the Silk will waste, and the
Worm will eat its way thro [sic] the Ball. The whole Progress of it will take
Up but three Months in the Year, and will but little or not at all
interfere with the other works of the Men in their Plantations. The
Trustees, besides other Encouragements will always have a Regard in any
Promotions in the Province, to those who shall apear most industrious
in this Business; These things it is necessary the People should be
acquainted with, and that the Women and Children are to be instructed by
Mrs. Camuse in winding off the Silk.
The Trustees have resolved to divide the Province into two
Counties, called the Counties of Savannah and County of Frederica, and
that the District of the County of Savannah shall include all the Settle-
ments upon the Savannah River, and both Banks of the Ogeeche [sic] River;
and so much further Southward of the Ogeeche [sic] as shall be appointed,
when a proper Map shall he sent over (which they hope you will take
care of) and that the Jurisdiction of each County be under a President
and four Assistants. In Consideration of Your Services, the Trustees
have appointed You President of the County of Savannah, with an Addi-
tional Salary of L 80 a Year to what You enjoy as Secretary of the
Province, Mr. Parker, Mr. Jones, Mr. Fallowfield (the three Bailiffs)
and Mr. Samuel Mercer are appointed the Assistants, and the Constitu-
tion, with the Instructions, will he sent over to You by the first
The Trustees observe that you mention a Counter Representation of
the State of the Province as prepared and Signed by several of the
People; They have been informed that such a thing is in England in
Your Sons Hands, but they have never seen it, nor do they know what it
contains, or where to get a Copy of it. They have likewise been
informed that a twelve or eighteen penny Pamphlet has been offer'd by
your Son to some Booksellers, setting forth the bad State of the Pro-
vince, and in Answer to another which I published by the Trustees Order
at the beginning of the Session, called an "Impartial Enquiry" which is
herewith sent, that you may Judge proper what additional Account should
be sent over by You.
The Trustees received on the 8th. of this month a Copy of the
State of the Province (the Original with Your Journal from October 6th.
to November 27th. being not yet come, for which reason Duplicates are
always right.) They are very well satisfied With it, but wish You
had sent over as exact an Account of the Number of the People in the
Province as possible with their several Distinctions; Because it is
represented here by some People, who take pains to propagate the worst
Opinion of the Colony, that none are left in it, but the Regiment and
the several Persons in Employment; and therefore they desire that You
will he as explicit in this particular as possible.
The Trustees are much concerned that they have not yet received
the monthly Accounts of Disbursements, ordered long since, but not yet
returned; And they hope that You will take Care that they be sent by
the first Opportunity.
As the Trustees have ever been desirous of giving the People all
the reasonable Satisfaction in their Power, they have enlarged the
Tenures to Estates in Tail General with a Power of enjoying by Inheritance
or Devise as far as 2,000d Acres, and of making Leases of any Part
of their Estates for twenty one Years. Their Resolutions upon this will
be sent as soon as possible in Print, that they may he dispersed among
the People, They have likewise resolved to give a Bounty of one Shilling
a Bushel upon Corn; sixpence a Bushel upon Pease, and three pence a
Bushel upon Potatoes, which shall he raised and produced in the Colony
between Christmas 1741. and Christmas 1742.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to William Stephens Esqr.,
dated April 27th; 1741.
On the 8th. instant. Copies of your Letters to the Trustees dated
the 20th. and 27th. of November last, and of your Letters to me dated
the 28th. of the said month were received, together with a Copy of the
then State of Georgia; But the Originals, together with your Journal
from the 6th. October to the 27th. of November last, and what other
Papers were then sent, are not yet received, although mentioned to have
been sent by Mr. Hopton under the Care of Mr. Colleton, who embarked at
Charles Town in a Ship for Bristol; But not knowing the Name of the
Ship, prevents the Trustees knowing any thing further about it, nor can
they hear of Mr. Colleton's Arrival; Wherefore they apprehend the Ship
to have been taken by the Spaniards; On which Occasion they desire a
Copy of the said Journal, they having all the former ones compleat.
On the same day your Letters to me dated 31st. December and 15th.
January last, with your Journal from the 28th. November to the 15th.
January were received.
The Copy of the Authentick [sic] State of the Colony has given the
Trustees great Satisfaction, but they should have been glad to have had
it sooner; And that it had contained the Number of the Inhabitants with
their several Distinctions of Men Women and Children, whether Land-
holders, Inmates or Servants, in the different Parts of the Province;
For the present Cry in England is, that the Colony is in a manner
The Trustees, before the Receipt of the above mentioned Copy of
the State of Georgia, were obliged, pursuant to the Order of the House
of Commons, to lay before Parliament an Account of the Progress of the
Colony, from its first Establishment; Which being printed by Order of
the House; herewith You have a Copy sent You, and also a Map of the
Province, which the Trustees directed to be drawn and printed; And they
now direct You to have a correct Map drawn of the Northern Part of the
Province, describing the Entrance to Savannah, the Town, Villages and
Plantations with the Buildings, the respective Distances from Savannah,
And from each other, and to whom each Plantation belongs, whether
possessed or abandoned, with the Roads to each; and also describing the
Town of Augusta, the Buildings there, and all the Ports in the Northern
part down to Ogeeche [sic] River. As to the Southern part, the Trustees
have desired the General to direct the Map of that Part to be drawn, and
sent to them. This Map, and another true State of Georgia from your
Self only, the Trustees desire to have as soon as You possibly can after
the Receipt of this Letter; That the new Parliament, which will meet
early the next Winter, may receive a Satisfaction of the State of the
Province at the Opening the first Session thereof; For the Account laid
before the House by the Trustees was never taken into Consideration,
although a Day was appointed for it this last Session of Parliament,
which ended on Saturday last.
Your busy Son has continued all this Session instructing the
Members who listened to him, that nothing but a Fee Simple and Negroes
would encourage the People to go on with Cultivation in Georgia, or
those that had left it to return thither; and representing the Numbers
of Inhabitants leaving it for Want thereof; But most of the Members of
the House are convinced from the Account the Trustees laid before the
House, that Negroes would at present endanger the Province; and as to
the Grants of the Land they are now so extended to Tail General with a
Power of devising them that Persons whether Male or Female are capable
of enjoying by Inheritance or Devise as far as 2,000.d Acres of Land.
And all past Forfeitures of Persons residing in Georgia, concerning the
Tenure or Cultivation of their Lands are discharged to Christmas last,
and a Licence [sic] is granted for leasing of Lands for any Term not
exceeding 21 Years, both which Deeds are herewith sent You to be notified
in Georgia, after being first register'd there. And the present State of
the Tenures are ordered to be printed and sent over to You by the next
Opportunity, to be distributed in Georgia for the Use and Satisfaction
of the Inhabitants.
As your Son Thomas has declared he will not return to Georgia
unless Negroes are allowed, and has behaved in so extraordinary manner
in Contradiction to You, and ungratefull [sic] to the Trust; The Trustees
give You Liberty to exchange his Name in your Grant of Land from them to
any other Son or Relation You shall think deserving to inherit the
Improvements You are making on your 500.d Acres Lot; And as your Servants
Times are near expiring, the Trustees permit You to supply their
Place with such of their Servants, not provided for by the Estimate, as
You shall want, to be maintained by You as far as five, who are at
present maintained by the Trust. And they would willingly encourage
those Inhabitants who testified to the State of the Province You sent
over the Copy of, by letting the Residue of such Servants be equally
divided among them upon the same Foot; And they have it in their
Thoughts to do what they can about sending Servants over in the manner
proposed in the said State of the Province, to assist those Freeholders
who are deserving of, and will rightly use them: But the Trustees are
doubtfull [sic] of their Ability this Year, though they hope the
Parliament will enable them the next Year.
The Trustees observe, that the Silk and Wine are stated to have
had some Increase, but the Silk that has been made, since that brought
over by Mr. Augspourguer, they would have been pleased to have had it
sent over, and to continue so to be annually, whether little or more.
The Trustees are under great Difficulties in adjusting their
Estimate from Michas next, for Want of the Accompts returned of their
Expences [sic] in Georgia, directed to be defrayed under their last Estimate
from Michas 1739 with the Sola Bills sent over and issued by You and
Mr. Jones for that purpose, whose Accompts should have been sent
Monthly, advising the issuing of such Bills in each Month, to whom they
were issued, and for defraying of what part of the Estimate; Which they
desire You will regularly do for the future, as well as send the Accompt
for the past time. And have wrote [sic] to Mr. Jones for that purpose.
As the Trustees know little of the Progress of Augusta, which
they look on to be the most flourishing Town in Georgia; They desire
You would settle a Correspondence with some honest and sensible Person
there, that You may inform the Trustees from time to time concerning
it's Inhabitants of all Sorts, and those who have Town Lotts, as well
as those who have Plantations near it, with their Names and Occupations,
the Number of Weight of Skins annually bartered for there, the Number
and Names of the Traders with the Indians licenced [sic] by Georgia, and
an Accompt of the Sums they pay on their Annual renewing such Licences [sic],
and to whom as Treasurer to accompt for the same; And also an Account
of the Deaths, Marriages and Births of the People there, with whatever
else You think fit to acquaint and satisfy the Trustees of.
Mr. Christie attended the Trustees, and has Settled his Accompts
with them, he spoke exceeding justly of your good Character, he has had
a lease of 200.d Acres of Marsh Land near Savannah granted him for 21
Years, whereon he had made some Improvements, and intends to return to
mind Cultivation only, and not hold any Office in Georgia; And he
finding the odd Spirit raised in England hby the Georgia Malecontents [sic],
published a Description of the Colony and signed it, whereof You have
one of the Printed Copies sent You, as also six of Dr. Bateman's Sermon
preached Before the Trustees at their last Anniversary Meeting.
On the 11th, instant your Letter of the 3d. of January last
advising of a Bill for L 78:16:8 You drew to James Lewis Camuse was
received, and the Bill is accepted, and will be duly paid.
If Mr. Hammerton, who is at Charles Town, has not paid the
L 200. Bill he drew on Mr. Saxby payable out of the King's Quit Rents;
The Trustees direct You to order him to he sued for the same, and the
Money receovered [sic] for their Use.
Mr. Bolzius having applied to the Trustees for L 77.-.- to enable
him to pay the Carpenters and other People who erected the Corn Mill at
Ebenezer, the same is ordered to be done by You and Mr. Jones, either in
their Sola Bills, or by drawing a Bill on the Trustees for that Sum
payable to Mr. Bolzius.
Mr. John Pye having officiated as Recorder at Savannah from Lady
Day 1740, whose Duty You will see in the Copy of Mr. Martyn's Letter;
You are to pay him the Salary and Allowances for himself and Clerk, he
performing the whole Duty of the Office according to the Estimate from
that time, and his Constitution, appointing him Recorder in the room of
Mr. Christie, will be sent by the next Opportunity; The said Salary and
Allowances being L 20. for himself, L 20. for a Clerk, and L 12:3:4 for
the Maintenance and Cloathing [sic] of a Servant.
The 4th. of July 1739 the Trustees sent You Mrs. Emery's
a Receipt for L 10. advanced her on her returning to Georgia, which her
Husband Peter Emery was to repay in Georgia, to be applied towards the
Expence [sic] of the Estimate; But they have had no Account from You of the
Repayment thereof, which they desire to know, and if it is not already
paid that You take Care to get it of him, or have it stopp'd [sic] in any
Payment which may be made to him.
The Trustees also desire to know whether You received the Book
concerning the Nature of Silk Worms and producing Raw Silk, and what Use
has been made of it, as also of the Salitrum [sic] Seed they sent for the Use
of the Colony, which they direct should be taken great Care of to be
raised for the Benefit of the Inhabitants; And for the future the
Trustees desire that your Answers to their Letters should be Paragraph
by Paragraph with Numbers to each Paragraph; and where no Answer is
given, the Reason to be assigned against it.
William Sinclair, Son of George Sinclair, having been bound a
Servant to William Bradley 14th. January 1735. for seven Years and went
over to Georgia with him, his Father has been at the Office to enquire
after him. The Trustees therefore desire You would let them know where
this young Man is, that his Father may he acquainted thereof, by Sir
The Trustees have herewith sent You a Copy of the Accompt they received
from Messieurs Grant and Douglass claiming L 38:6:1. due to Balance,
which the Commissioners in Georgia for examining the Publick [sic]
Debts are to look into, and report thereupon, the Trustees apprehending
that Money is rather due to than from the Trust in their Accompt with
the said Persons.
I am in great hopes of sending You a very proper Person for a
Clerk to You, and to be register of the Province.
On Saturday last L 1,000. in Sola Bills were Sealed, and will be
sent You by the next Ship, towards defraying the Estimated Expences in
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to His Excellency General
Oglethorpe dated at Westmr. April 2?. 1741.
On the 19th. instant Your Letter by Mr. Carteret to the Trustees
dated 24th. of January last was received, and Thomas Marriott is appoin-
ted second Bailiff of Frederica in the room of Samuel Perkins to both
whom the Trustees have wrote, as well as to Mr. Hawkins and Mr. Moore,
The Trustees blame Mr. Hawkins for occasioning a Breach of so trifling
a Sum and they also blame Mr. Perkins and Mr. Moore for flinging Up
their Employments; They have Resolved to receive no Appeals from
Georgia of so inconsiderable a Nature, and have recommended it to Mr.
Hawkins for the future to endeavour [sic] to preserve the Peace and Harmony
of Frederica by all the means and good Example in His Power; and although
they think it right the Disallowing him the L 50 1116 claimed in his
Accot. for his Boat and two Servts. from 3 November 1736 to 3 Novr.
1738, Yet they have acquainted him That they had it in their thoughts to
Consider him for his past Services in General.
The Trustees received from Mr. Stephens a Copy of the Authentick [sic]
State of Georgia attested in November last, but the Original is not yet
come, but before the Receipt of that Copy, the Trustees were obliged
pursuant to an Order of the House of Commons to lay before Parliament
an Accot. of the Progress of the Colony from its first Establishmt.
which being printed by Order of the House, herewith You have a Copy
sent You, and also a Map of the Province which the Trustees directed to
be drawn and Printed; And they desire the Favour [sic] of You to have a
correct Map drawn of the Southern part of the Province, to be sent to
the Trustees as soon as possible, describing the Entrances there, the
Towns Villages and Plantations in that part with the Buildings, the
respective Distances from Frederica and from each other; and to whom
each Plantation belongs whether possessed or abandoned, with the Roads
to each; and all the Fortifications in the Southern part from Ogeeche [sic]
River downward; As to the Northern part the Trustees have directed Mr.
Stephens to get the Map of that part drawn and sent them.
They have also directed Mr. Stephens to send them an other true
State of Georgia, to contain the Number of the Inhabitants with their
several Distinctions of Men Women and Children whether Landholders
Inmates or Servants in the different parts of the Province to be ready
at the meeting of the New Parliament in November next. For the present
Cry in England is That the Colony is in a manner totally abandoned.
Most of the Members of Parliament from the Accots. the Trustees
laid before the House are convinced That Negroes would at present
endanger the Province; And as to the Tenures of the Land, They are now
so extended to Tail General with a Power of devising them, That Persons
whether Male or Female are capable of enjoying by Inheritance or Devise
as far as 2000.d Acres; and all past Forfeitures of Persons residing in
Georgia concerning the Tenure or Cultivation of their Lands are
discharged to Christmas last. And a Licence [sic] is granted for leasing of
Lands for any Term not exceeding 21 Years, both which Deeds are sent
to Mr. Stephens to be notified in Georgia; and the present State of the
Tenures are order'd to be printed and sent over.
The Parliament granted L 10,000 for the further Settling and
improving the Colony this Year including the Reimbursing the Trustees
the Charges of Carrying up part of Your Regiment to the Southward and
building the Barracks amounting to near L 2000 and also L 1,000 other
part of the said L 10 000 for carrying over 100.d heads of Germans from
Switzerland, to settle among or near the Saltzburghers at Ebenezer, and
Fifty more heads of Saltzburghers will be also sent over this Year as
well as 40 Heads of Highlanders from Scotland to embark for Georgia in
July next; these will strengthen the Province by increasing the Inhabi-
tants, And the Trustees will do what they can towards sending some Men
Servants over when it is in their Power but think they shall not be
able to do it this Year for the Expence [sic] of the abovementioned, and
granting the following Bounties, on Corn Pease [sic] and Potatoes to be
raised in Georgia between Xmas 1741. & xmas 1742. vizt. 1d a Bushel on
Corn 6d a Bushel on Pease [sic] and 3d a Bushel on Potatoes, together with
the Charge of their estimated Expences [sic] Straightens their Inclination in
doing so right a thing as Assisting the Industrious Inhabitants
with Servants whose Passages are to he repaid by small annual Sums to he
appropriated for the benefit of the Servants when out of their time.
These Bounties the Trustees hope will enable the Inhabitants to
be furnished with the other necessaries of Life besides Provisions and
to Cloath [sic] and maintain their Servants.
The Trustees have resolved to divide the Province into two
Counties called the County of Savannah and the County of Frederica,
And that the District of the County of Savannah shall include all the
Settlements upon the Savannah River, and both Banks of the Ogeeche [sic]
River, and so much further Southward of the Ogeeche [sic]as shall be
appointed when a proper Map shall be sent over; and that the Jurisdiction of
each County be under a President and four Assistants; And the Constitution
and Instructions for the County of Savannah will be prepared and
sent over as soon as possible and Copies of them will be sent You.
Mr. Plumtree was at the office on Saturday to desire That Ann
Fawks a Widow now at Fort St. Simons in Georgia whose husband was killed
in the King's Service in Your Regiment at the Seige [sic] of Augustine might
be sent over to her Father John Wyld who lives at Nottingham; And he
will Pay the Charge of her Passage. The Trustees therefore desire You will
send her by the first Ship, she went to Georgia with the first
part of Your Regiment.
Your most humble Servt.
Mr. Carteret has recommended
to the Trustees a Person very fit
to be Recorder of Frederica and
a Meeting will he summoned to
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Harman Verelst to Mr. Francis Moore
dated at Westmr. April 27. 1741
The Trustees have received three Copies of Mr. Perkins's and
Your Letter to them dated 29. December last relating to the distraint
upon the Goods of Mr. Thomas Hawkins for a Debt he owned due to William
Allen and promised to Pay him amounting to so trifling a Sum as L 0.8.6
As to the Distraining Goods without the Verdict of a Jury, it is as
irregular as levying Goods by Execution without a Judgement. And the
Trustees are very sorry to perceive such shamefull Differences should
arise between the Magistrates and Officers of the Town, among the latter
of which the Recorder is one, he being no Magistrate, but the proper
Person for taking the Minutes, and keeping the Records of the Town
Court; And the Trustees blame You both for flinging up Your Constitu-
tions on such a Private Pique, which ought to have given way to the
Support and carrying on of Publick [sic] Justice, and they blame Mr.
Hawkins for occasioning this Breach for so trifling a Sum, and have
Resolved to receive no Appeals from Georgia of such a Nature.
Your most humble Servant.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Jones dated at
Westmr. 27. April 1741.
Messrs. Grant & Douglass having sent the Trustees their Accot.
Stating L 38.6.1 due to Balance, a Copy thereof is sent to Mr. Stephens
for the Commrs. in Georgia, for examining the Publick [sic] Debts to look
into and report upon; The Trustees apprehending that Money is rather due
to, than from the Trust in their Accot. With the said Persons.
The Trustees are under great difficulties in adjusting their
Estimate from Michas next, for want of the Accompts returned of their
Licences [sic] in Georgia directed to be defrayed under the last Estimate
from Michas 1739 with the Sola Bills sent over and Issued by You and Mr.
Stephens for that Purpose, whose Accompts should have been sent monthly,
advising the Issuing of Such Bills in each month, to whom they were
Issued, and for defraying of what part of the Estimate, Which they desire
you will regularly do for the future as well as sent the Accot. for the
past time, and have wrote to Mr. Stephens for that purpose
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to John Pye dated at Westminster
April 27. 1741.
Your Letter of the 30th, of December last to the Trustees having
been considered they have directed Mr, Stephens to pay you the Salary
and allowances for Yourself and Clerk for officiating as Recorder of
the Town Court of Savannah from Lady Day 1740, and they have Order'd a
Constitution to be made out appointing you Recorder in the room of Mr.
Christie which will he sent by the next Opportunity; and in Case You
have done the whole Duty of the Office, You are intitled [sic] to the
said Salary and Allowances from Lady Day 1740 upon the Estimate Vizt,
L 20 a Year as Recorder L 20 a Year for a Clerk and L 12.3.4 a Year
for the Maintenance & Cloathing [sic] of a Servant.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to the Reverend Mr. Bolzius
dated 27. April 1741
On the 8th. instant I received Your Letter dated the 29th, of
December last which I laid before the Trustees the Corn Mill You mention
to he finished they are well pleased with the Accot. of; And they have
ordered another pair of Mill Stones to he got and sent to be used
in the said Mill
The Trustees desire to know What the expence [sic] will be of building
a Stamping Mill for making Rice Merchantable which they would willingly
encourage the Erection and they have assisted the People who erected
the Corn Mill by ordering Mr. Stephens and Mr. Jones to pay you
L 77.-.- which with the 12 lb. General Oglethorpe gave you towards it
makes the L 89.-.- You mentioned to enable You to pay the Carpenter and
other people that did the Work.
As to Kogler the Chief Builder of the Mill recommended by You to
the Trustees Generosity and Favour they are desirous to consider his
Services and will be glad of Your intimation in what manner will be most
usefull [sic] to him.
Dr. Thielo's case has already been consider'd and the Trustees
Resolutions thereon have been sent him.
The Trustees have paid Messrs. Drewitt and Norris the L 71.17.0 for
the Prime Cost of the German Linnen [sic] which they sent, and
was received into the Trustees Store
Yr. most Obedt. Servant
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Hawkins dated
April 27. 1741.
Your Letter of the 12th. December last to me was received the
10th. instant which I laid before the Trustees, and before this time I
suppose you have known by a Letter to You which Captain Thomson carried;
That fifty pounds was disallowed in your Accomots which You claimed for
the Service of Your Boat and two Servants from the 3d. of November 1736
to the 3d of November 1738 for the Seasons assigned by the Committee of
Accompts; a Copy of whose Minutes You had also sent You; And Captn.
Thomson received the Sum reported due to You being L 16.0.10 Which
disallowance the Trustees will not think of altering. But they have it
in their thoughts to consider Your past Services in General.
As to all Expences [sic] for the Sick since Your said Accots. They
were directed to be defrayed as they should arise out of the Sum
appropriated in the Estimate for such like Contingent Expences [sic] to
be paid in Georgia in the Trustees Sola Bills by those impowered [sic]
to issue them for that purpose
It is no small Concern to the Trustees to find the Inhabitants of
Frederica become so careless of themselves and their Posterity as to
Neglect their Cultivation even for the Necessaries of Life; If
any depart the Colony thro [sic] wants of their own willfull [sic] incurring
and through an idle Disposition; the Colony is well rid of them. There are
others we are informed of a different Stamp who take good Pains to
Subsist, as all may do who are industrious.
But they are more sorry to perceive that such shamefull [sic] differences
should arise between the Magistrates and Officers in Your Town,
to the Scandal of the Inhabitants, and the Breach of all good Order and
Subserviency The occasion of the difference between You and Mr. Perkins
and Mr. Moore is related so differently by You both, that tis hard to
say which of You have been most in the right as to the Fact; But there
is no difficulty in declaring to You and them, that it is a Shame That
for so trifling a Sum you should occasion a Breach with them, or they
fling up their Employments.
The Trustees have resolved to receive no Appeals from Georgia of
so trifling a Nature; and they recommend to You for the future to
endeavour [sic] to preserve the Peace and Harmony of the Town by all
the means and good Example in Your Power.
Your most humble Servt.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Patrick Houstoun by
the Mercy Captn. James Wright dated at Westminster 2?. April
I received Your Letter dated 26 Janry. last which I laid before
the Trustees, who are much Pleased with the good disposition you shew
of promoting the Welfare of the Colony, and not joining with the Clamours
[sic] of unreasonable Men, who have Mistaken the true Interest of it, and
themselves; And they are sensible Your Industry in Cultivation has much
exceeded those abovementioned by the Considerable Share of Bounty You
have received upon Corn raised by You, with which Mr. Carteret has
acquainted the Trustees
As to the Promisees You represent to have been made to Dr. Houstoun on
Your behalf of any Encouragement particular to You; I can assure You from
my own Knowledge that none such ever were nor could be from the Nature of
Your Tenure being a landholder of 500.d Acres, and going at Your own
Expence [sic]; For the Trustees had no Money granted them for any such
Purposes, their Money being apropriated [sic] for the Assisting only Persons
sent upon the Charity
If I can be of any Service to You here, please to let me know
and I shall be glad to have it in my Power to do You any Friendship.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Wm. Stephens Esqr. dated at
Westmr. 28. April 1741.
Finding an opportunity by this Ship to send the L 1000 in Sola
Bills mentioned in my Letter dated Yesterday, They are in the smallest
of the two Parcels which is directed to Yourself, the other is to be
sent to Mr. Eyre; And inclosed You have a Copy of the Bill of Lading
thereof consigned to Mr. Hopton.
The said Bills are dated 25th. instant to be issued by Yourself
Mr. Henry Parker and Mr. Thomas Jones, or any two of You, towards
defraying the Estimated Expences [sic] in Georgia, and are 100.d of L 5 --
ea. No. 941 to 1,040, and 500.d of L 1.-.- ea. No. 5551 to 6,050,
contained in 6 Books.
In the same Box are the Daily Advertisers from the 2d. of
October 1740 To 25th. April 1741. for the use of the Colony, which
please to let the General also peruse,
Your most humble Servant.
London 21 May 1741
I have adventured to Encourage Mr. Boschi to wait upon your
Lordship so that if you happen to be in Town, and are pleased to see
him, he will have the Honour [sic] to lay his papers before you. He has
Ample Testimonials of his Sober and Regular Behaviour [sic], and a very
worthy Clergyman in my Neighbourhood [sic], who often employs him, will accompany me to the Office whenever there is a meeting, to Recommend him.
Mr. Boschi if approved of will be thankfull [sic] for the place, and,
with a View of Settling in Georgia, would take his Wife and Child with
him. I am
most Obliged and most
devoted humble Servant
To the E. of Egmont
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to William Stephens Esqr. dated at
Westmr. June 6th: 1741.
On the 19th. of last month the Trustees receivd. Your Letter
dated 23 February & Your Journal from the 15th. of January before,
Herewith You receive a Constitution appointing You President and
Henry Parker Thomas Jones John Fallowfield and Samuel Marcer the four
Assistants for the County of Savannah and also appointing John Pye
Clerk to You the President and the Assistants You have further sent
You three sets of Instructions, the one private for Your own use, the
other Publick [sic] for Your Self to be communicated, and the other
General for You and the Assistants.
The Trustees desire You would employ Mr. Eyre to make a Map of
Your district called the County of Savannah, and they have desired
Genl. Oglethorpe to employ him in making that for the County of
The Trustees have lately received the Remonstrance from several
of the Inhabitants of Savannah dated 22d. November last being a Counter
Representation of the State of Georgia, a Copy whereof is now sent You
which they desire Your perusing and Observations thereon It is also
attended with a like Remonstrance from several of the late Inhabitants
then at Charles Town, and both together were sent to this Office by Captain Tailfer the 22d. of last month.
Your Journal mentioning a Book to be printed in South Carolina
by Subscription the Trustees desire You will send it them with Your
Remarks on it, and on the above Remonstrances by the first Opportunity;
for as the Parliament will meet early this Year they desire to be
enabled to lay before them the true State of Georgia; and the probable
means of making it flourish and become usefull [sic] to Great Britain by the
Industry of those Contented People who may be left or shall be sent this
Year to Georgia.
And as the Tenures of Land are now so capable of satisfying all
reasonable People who wish well to themselves and Familys [sic] And the
Danger of Negroes so great while the Spaniards are at Augustine and in
Florida that the Prohibition of them continues absolutely necessary It
will be very proper for the Contented Inhabitants to send over under
their hands an Account of the Satisfaction they have, and of their
Intention to proceed in Cultivation, and raising Produces; and refer to
their hopes of being assisted with White Servants on Loans, which the
Trustees think a very right thing to do; and will Labour to be enabled
to do it next Year, the Knowledge of that Bequest relating to Servants
coming to the Trustees after the Parliament had Voted Money for other
Uses. Vizt. The sending over more Foreigners and Highlanders,
The Expence [sic] of which, and providing for the necessarys [sic] in
Georgia this Year being so great, that the Trustees can only defray
those Services with the Money granted.
The estimated Expences [sic] in Georgia will be settled by the first
Opportunity; but the Trustees are at a great Loss in doing it, not
knowing how the Estimate they settled from Michas 1739 answers the real
Occasions of the Province: which they continue ignorant of for want of
the Accots. being sent them, for what Services their Sola Bills have
been issued. Were due Entrys [sic] made of all Money Transactions fully
described Copys [sic] of such Entrys [sic] sent to the Trust would enable them to have an Accompt stated here, and he very easy for You to send, and
satisfactory to them to know Your Proceedings therein; Mr. Jones is
wrote [sic] to to assist You in the Accots. passed and for the future You
may follow this Method, as no Money Can be issued without Your Knowledge
who are possessed of their Bills, and if Mr. Jones should not assist You
in making out the Accots. passed, then send the Trustees a Narrative
of all Money Transactions in Sola Bills that have come to Your hands,
stating when they were received and how and for what Issued from Your
own Accounts of them.
And as the Trustees keep no Store of their own but have directed
all their Payments in Sola Bills No Person intrusted [sic] with the
Issuing those Bills must Pay any thing in kind in lieu of such Bills, but the
Bills themselves which are the Property of those to whom the Trustees
directed their Issue; for the Contrary would entirely defeat the
Trustees Intent, and might prove detrimental to the Inhabitants entitled
to any Payment, They being at Liberty to buy where and of whom they
please with their own Money which shall become due to them from the
Trust; and if any thing of this Nature has been done, the Trustees
desire to be informed of it, and do direct that an entire Stop be put
to it for the future.
The Trustees have mett [sic] with two disappointmts. of a Minister for
Savannah, which they are very sorry for, and are using all possible
means to get One to send over by the first Opportunity.
With respect to the Beacon at Tybee, the Trustees think the
foundation of it should be Brick or Stone; and they would have You
Consult proper Persons whether there is necessity for having it raised
so high as it was.
The Trustees have received a Letter from William Ewen Complaining
of his not having had the Bounty promised by General Oglethorpe of 2c
a Bushell [sic] on 90 Bushells [sic] of Corn he raised, by reason Mr. Jones
told he had paid all the Money had had for that Purpose, and they direct
That he should he paid this Bounty Money due to him since it was promised
by the General, and then thought necessary.
Your Opinion of Captain Avery's Proposals the Trustees would have You
be fuller in with respect to the encouragement therein desired.
Herewith You receive John Pyes Constitution to the Office of
As Your Sons Endeavours [sic] in England have failed hitherto he went
from hence with Captain Wright for South Carolina but upon what Scheme is
unknown to the Trustees; They suppose You will see him, but what he
could propose to Himself by his late Conduct is not easily to be
accoted. for. And tho his Behaviour [sic] has been so very extraordinary
and tended much towards the Destruction of the Colony; yet the Trustees
in great Confidence of You are well satisfied of the Truth of the Accots.
they receive from You without the least Suspicion to the Contrary; And
they hope That from what has been done; and the use of Your Candid and
convincing Reasons to the Inhabitants; the People will unite together
and pursue Your Instructions, under the Authority You have of Advising
Assisting and helping them; and that their wants and the Trustees
directions for Supplying them may regularly he known and answered, thro
this Channel of Power. You are by this New Constitution invested with
an Order to strengthen Your hands, and promote the Peoples immediate
Welfare and Happiness by depending on Your due Execution of those
Orders given or that may be given for that Purpose.
Yr, most humble Servant
As Your Journal from the 4th. October 1740 to 28th. Novr. following
both days inclusive is not come to hand, the Ship being given over for
lost. Trustees desire You will send them a Duplicate of the said
Journal, to Compleat [sic] the whole they have received.
You herewith receive the Daily Advertisers from April 27. to June 4, 1741
Mr. William Hopton will send You a Chest for the Saltzburgers at Ebenezer.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Jones dated at
Westmr. 7 June 1741.
Herewith You have a Copy of the Trustees Letter dated 27. April
a last, and they repeat the Difficultys [sic] they are under for want of the
Accots. how their Estimated Expenses of the Colony from Michas 1739
have been defrayed with their Sola Bills, which they directed should
have been sent them monthly; and they expect not only to have the
Accots. for the time past by the first Qpportunity [sic], but monthly Accots.
for the future that they may know how their Estimate has operated, and
to prevent any Deviations therefrom or Variations therein, but what they
shall direct upon Experience making it necessary.
The Trustees have Received a Letter from Wm. Ewen complaining of
Non Payment of the Bounty on 90 Bushels of Corn he raised as promised
By General Oglethorpe and have directed the payment of it in their
Letter to Mr. Stephens; That promise being then thought necessary.