Letters to Georgia, v. 14208, 1735 July-1737 May

Volume 14208
1 (5)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Bpron Yph Reck dfted at West
minster July the 15th. 1735.
Sir
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
having desired Mr. Simond to send You a Letter of Credit for L 100
Sterling for the E^^ience of the Transport you are now to Conduct from
Eatis Coane and that You should be supplied in Eollend with what
fixrther Sum you sliall have Occasion to draJiv for to enable You to bring
the said Transports to' the River of Thames, where a Ship will be pro
vided to receive them and their Baggage to be transhipped for Georgia
in the said River.
Mr. Simond incloses you the said Letter of Credit. Tne
Trustees desire you will send a List as soon as you can of the whole
Transport describing each person and Family, their Occupations Sexes
and Ages; And will let them know at v;hat time you think to reach
Holland They have taken care to notify to the States Genl. youi'
Transports coming to Holland & to intercede that they may be admitted
Toll free & not unnecessarily detained.
You must Apply to Messrs. Courtonne & Son & de Hormandie at
Rotterdam for what Money you shall want there; for they will have
Instructions to supply You & for which You are to dr-'W on Messrs.
Simond & Co. in London
I am
Sir
Yoijr most humble Servant
2 (9)
Copy of the Instructions to Lieut. Hi;gh Mackaj?' for procuring Highlanders
to Settle in Georgia Dated l6th. July 1735-
Instructions for Lieutenant Hugh Maclcay.
You are ei3;5)owered to Agree with and "bring together One hundred
and ten Freemen and Servants, to which Fifty Women and Children are
allowed.
You are to "bring them down to Crommarty, vaxssTji where a Ship
will "be prepared to take them on board for Georgia.
Who are to be provided for in the Passage in the following
manner, Vizt. In every Week four ."Seef Lays, One Pork Day, and two
Burgou Lays; And their Allowance served out dayly as follows. (That is
to say)
On the four Beef Lays.
4 pounds of Beef for every Mess of five Heads and 2 pounds and 1/2 of
Flour, and l/Z a pound of Suet or Plumbs.
On the Pork Lay.
5 Tjounds of Pork and 2 pints and 1/2 of Pease for every 5 heads.
And on the two 3\rrgou Lays.
5 pints of Pease or Oatmeal Gritts, l/2 a pound of Butter, and a pound
of Cheese for every 5 Heads.
The whole at Sixteen Ounces to the pound.
And allovf each Head seven pounds of Bread of foiorteen Ounces to the
pound by the Week.
3 (9)
Aiid three pints of Beer and two Quarts of Water (whereof one of the
Quarts for Brinliing and the (lO) other for boiling Victuals) eanh head
hy the Day for the Space of a month, a,nd a Gallon of X/ater (whereof
two Quarts for Drinking and the other two for boiling Victuals) each
head by the Day after, during their being on their Passage.
The Heads to be accounted in this manner. Every Person above
the Age of Twelve to be accounted a whole head; All Persons of the Age
of Seven Years and under the Age of Twelve Years to be accounted two
for one; All Persons above the Age of Two Years and under the Age of
Seven Years to be accounted three for one; And any Person \mder the Age
of Two Years is not to be Accomted.
And who are to be maintained in Georgia, for a Year after their
Arrival there in the following manner, vizt. with
12 bushels of Indian Corn at 56 pounds for each bushel.
100 pounds of Meat )
)
30 pounds of Butter ) To each head.
1/4 Cwt, of Cheese )
)
and a bushel of Salt )
And a Cow and Calf, and Sow to five heads.
To be delivered in such proportions, and at such times, as the Tinzst
shall think proper.
Each Ereeman will have for his Use in Georgia a Eirelock ^^road Sword
and an Axe.
And for the Use of every five Men there, a brass Kettle a
Shovel and Pick Axe will be provided.
And the better Sort of Ereemen will be provided with Targets.
4 (10)
The Freemen must he of Gentlemens fsmilies & of good Eepute~
tions, and industrious, lahorious & hrave; speaking the Highland
Language.
(ll) And to each Freeman Fifty Acres of Land will he granted in
Tail Ks,le end descend to the Heirs Male of his Body for ever; And in
C='se of failure of Heirs Male revert to the Trust, to he granted again
to such Persons as the Common Co\ancil of the Trustees shall think most
for the A.dvantage of the Colony. And they will have a special regard to
the Laughters of Freeholders who have made In^jrovements on their Lots,
not already provided for, hy having married or marrying Persons in
possession or inti tied to Lends in the Province of Georgia in Posses
sion or Remainder.
All Lots are to he preserved separate and undivided, and cannot
he united. In Order to keep up a Number of Men equal to the N^unher of
Lots, for the better Defence and Support of the Colony.
No Person can lease out his House or Lot to another without
License for that purpose. Eiat the Colony may not he ruined, hy
Absentees receiving and spending their Rents elsewhere. Therefore
each Man must cultivate the same hy himself or Servants.
And no Person can alienate his Land, or any part or any Term
Estate or Interest therein to any other Person or Persons without
special License for that purpose, to prevent the uniting or dividing
the Lots.
If any of the Land so gratated shall not he cultivated planted
cleared improved or fenced rouni with a Worm Fence or Pails 6 feet
high during the Space of Ten Years from the Date of the Grant; Then
5 (11)
every part thereof not cultivated planted cleared improved or fenced as
aforesaid shall belong to the Trust, and the Grant as (12) to such
parts shall be void.
There is reserved for the Support of the Colony a Eent Charge
for ever of Two shillings Sterling Money for each Fifty Acres- The
Payment of which is not to Commence until Ten Years after the Grant.
And the Eeversion or Remainder escpectant on the Demise of such
Person without; Issue Male shall remain to the Trust.
But the Wives of the Freeholders, in Os^e they shotild Survive
their Husbands, are during their Lives intitied to the Mansion House
and one half of the Lands improved by their Husbands; (That is to say)
Inclosed with a Fence of 6 feet highITegroes and Hum are prohibited to be used in the said Colony,
and Trade with the Indians, unless LicensedTo each Man Servant and the Heirs Male of his Body for ever,
after the Escpira.tion of his Service, upon a Certificate from his
Master of his having served well, will be^grented Twenty Acres of Land
under such Rents and Agreements as shall have been then last granted to
any other Men Servants in like CircurastancesSigned by Order of the Common Council of
the Trustees for establishing the Colony
of Georgia in America this Sixteenth
day of July 1735*
BenJ. Martyn Sectary.
6 (1?)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Capt. Patrick Meckaj'- dated at
Westminster 18th. July 1735
Sir
Tlie Trustees have received Your Letters and Journal and find hy
them that You have interfered in the listruhation of the Presents which
were given by the king to Tomo Chachi; which the Trustees are of Opinion
that upon reconsidering you will acknowledge you have not acted with
the Prudence that might have been e3!pected from You; nor with that
Difference you ought to have pa,id to the Orders of the Trustees signi
fied to You by Mr. Causton of the 10th. of Janry. I734 in forbidding
Sinteechi to invite those Ind-ians down, whom Tomo Chachi Mico sent him
for and taking upon you to name others.
You are rscuired in all things whatsoever to assist and Support
the Interest of Tomo Chachi; and you are not to take any of the
Presents nor to recommend any one to receive any, nor to concern your
self with them in any manner whatsoever; As you shall answer it at your
Peril
Mr. Oglethorpe will be soon over and have full Orders concerning
this & the other Indian Affairs; v;ith v;hich he will acqua-int you.
Therefore if you are at the Town of Savannah you must stay
tiiere till his arrival; and if this meets you in the Nation you must
come B3ii dovfn with all expedition to meet him at Savannah I am
Sir
Your most humble Servt.
7 (17)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Eios. Oauston dated at
Westminster 18th.. July 1735
Sir
Onf Wednesday last the Trustees received Your Letter dated the
2d. of April 1735; and they Daily hope for Captn. Thompsons arrival
with the Accounts you mention
The keeping Provisions in the Store to supply the Ieople for
Money Labour or Credit, till their Harvest is certainly very right.
But you must not give greater Credit to any than is absolutely necessary
for their Subsistence.
The Trustees are very much pleased to find the People begin to
be sensible of their own Interest and turn their minds to planting and
raising Provisions for themselves & Neighbours
You acted very right in giving the People Corn Pease & Potatoes
for seed & You are to continue to take in the Provisions raised in
Georgia as you did last Years -untill farther Orders.
As the Trostees are very desirous to encourage Industry, the
advantage of which will be to the People themselves They will consider
of the most effectual means to excite both the Clearing and planting
the Land belonging to the Town of Savannah & that by way of Bounty to
the Industrious; which when determined will be fully directed.
The preventing Alehouses giving Credit is very right and usefull both for buyer & Seller, but the lowering the price of Beer must
come from the plenty of it; which the present dearness will soon bring
to bear
The Trustees are glad to hear of the healths of the People & the
8 (1?)
restoring Peace among them
She Trustees very much approve of Your Advice and Conduct with
regard to the Saltshurghers.
As to the Workmen eii^jloyed in Mr. Parkers Mill there was money
lent to Mr. Parker upon his own desire to enable him to go forward with
a Scheme proposed by himself for his own Advantage And as he imployed
such workmen the Trust will Ir-ve nothing fxjrtiier to do in it than what
is mentioned in the Orders sent You hy I^r. Oglethorpe.
Yo'or first Letter to Captn. Kackay hy Sinteeche was perfectly
agreeable to Your Instructions and it is to be wished You had persisted
in tha,t behavioxur.
(18) The Trustees were ordered by his Majesty to give part of
the Presents to Tomo Cliachi Mico for his own use & to enable him to
Oblige his People of Yamacraw with such part thereof as he thought
proper, and that sart of the s^id presents were pecked and marked TO and
TC^ and the other part of the presents were also by the Kings Order
delivered to Tomo Chachi That he might dispose of them to such Persons
of the Creek Nation and in Such Qpantitys as he thought fitting; And
both parcells intirely subjected to his disposal without any other
Person whatsoever having any f power to interfere: And these latter
were marked TC Nation.
In your Second Letter in Answer to Captain Mackays you say
The presents sent by the Trustees of xv'hich I advertized you in
iny last I have Orders to dispose of to the Creek Nation as Tomo Chachi
"shall advise. Nevertheless I understand it as you do I mean to such
"as have the most Interest, And since you have the Opportunity to
9 (18)
"Advise in tlxis Affair, it would certainly "be very proper to Advise
"Sinteeche who is the Messenger from Tomo Chachi to invite those down
"here whom you discover to have that Interest.
IThe Trustees are Surprized how you dare to put Constructions on
their Orders; and would have you know, You are to execute & not to put
strained Constructions that alter the Sense of their Idrections.
You are to knov/ farther that Tomo Chachi Mico is the Person
whom the King, and hy his Orders the Trustees intend to employ to all
the Indian ITations; and for this pixrpose it is necessary to give him as
much weight as may he amongst his Country Men and these proceedings of
Yours and Captn. Mackays tend as much as in yoijr Power lye to \;ea,ken
his Interest and thereby overturn the whole design of extending his
Majestys Influence and the Christian Eeligion to all the ITation.
Therefore you see the Inconveniences of such a Step and you are possitively Commanded to deliver every parcel whatsoever of the said
Presents to Tomo Cha,chi for tiiey belong to him; and this You are to do
without Interpretations, as you shall (19) answer to the contrary at
Youn Peril. And neither to suffer Capt. Mackay or any one else to
interfere in the disposal of them.
The Trustees are very kx sensible of the great fatigue you have
liad in the Administration of Justice and they hoped that by Mr. Gordons
return to Georgia it would have eased you in some degree of the burthen
but in that have found themselves disappointment by his not having
assisted you in inforcing the Tjfustees Orders and quitting their Service
without Licence. Mr. Oglethorpe v/ill be soon in Georgia
The Common Council of the Trustees have ordered You forty pounds
10 (19)
sterling leing a Reward for Your Service as Storekeeper since Mr.
Oglethorpe left Georgia And Ten pounds Sterling more for Your Service
as Second Bailiff
They direct You to pay to Henry Parker the third Bailiff for his
Service the Sum of Ten pounds Sterling To Tiioraas Christie the
Recorder for his Service the Sum of Ten pounds Sterling. To Jno.
Vanderplank for his Service as Gonstahle the Sum of Ten pounds Sterl
ing and to Hohle Jones for his Service as Constahle the Sum of Ten
^ Pounds Sterling making together the Sum of ITinety pounds Sterling,
for which You are to draw a Bill on the Trustees, sending a letter of
Advice therewith and mentioning it drawn ]fcs pursuant to direction of
this Date.
In 14 Days time Captn. Daubuz will Sail with Servants and
Passengers for Georgia which Servants are for the Accot. of the Trust
to he esployed for them to raise Rssicisx Provissions for the Store.
I am
Sir
Your most humhle Servant
(21) Copy of a letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. George lewis Wentz
da,ted s.t Westminster l8th. July 1735*
Sir
The Trustees were in Expectation of hearing from You before
now; And have directed me to acquaint You tha.t if You have not Cornpleated your Order for 100?" Men Servants You are to lessen the Same to
11 (21)
seventy Men Servsnts and that the Women and Children to them are to he
in Proportion 20 to 100 Men.
I am
Sir
Your most hnmhle Servant
(25) Copy of the Petition to the Queen for Ordnance Dated 30th.
July 1735.
To the Qaeen*s Most Excellent Majesty Guardian of the Kingdom of
Great Britain, and His Majestys Lieutenant within the same.
In Council
The humble Petition of the Trustees for
estahlishing the Colony of Georgia in America
Most humbly Sheweth
That the Protection of His Majesty's Province of Georgia by
well Fortifying the same is of the greatest Icrportance to His Majesty's
other Dominions on the Southern part of America.
That Your Petitioners are now preparing to make a new Settlement
for His Majesty's Service, which will stand in great need of Defence.
Your Petitioners therefore most humbly pray that Your Ifejesty
will be graciously pleased to give Directions for 24 pieces of Cannon
from Six pounds to Eighteen pounds v/ith Iron'd Carriages end Shot and
Iron for 24 spaie Carriages, 4 small long Field Pieces with Carriages,
8 Cohorns and Grenadoes, 500 small Arms and Shot, Cartouch Boxes and
Moulds and Flints, 2 Flaggs and 2 Pendants, 50 Barrels of Powder,
12 (25)
Spunges, Ladles, Rammers, Crows &c; To "be delivered to your Petitioners
as soon as possible.
And Your Petitioners shall ever pray S^.
Signed by Order of the said Trustees
the 30th. of July I735.
Benj. Martyn Sectary.
(29) Copy of a Petition to the Treasury for License to Ship 1000 L
in Silver Coin, Bated the 31st. day of July I735.
To the Right Honourable the Lords
Conmiissioners of His Majesty's Treasury
May it Please Your Lordships
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
having occasion to make many small Payments for work on the Roads and
Fortifying in Georgia And as 3i35)ences and shillings will be of great
use therein.
The said Trustees most Humbly desire His Majestys License to
Suffer the Sum of one thousand Pounds in Silver Coin of this
Kingdom to be Shipped from hence for His Majesty's Province of Georgia
in America.
Signed by Order of the said Trastees
this "Ist. day of July 1735.
Benj. Martyn Sectary.
13 (33)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Shos. Causton dated at West
minster the 7th. of Au^iist 1735*
Sir
Inclosed you have a Bill of Lading consigned to you for the use
of Mr. Oglethorpe; The Ten Tons of Beer in forty Hogsheads, the four
half Barrels of Powder & the Hundred and half of Leals must remain in
the Stores untouched till Mr. Oglethorpes arrival. But the Pirkin of
wrought Copper which contains 2 Cwt. of half Pence you may use in pay
ments of Lahour or Provisions; charging your self with the amount hy
Tade; Tiae Two Bundles of wrought Iron contains as follows.
(Vist.) Ho, 1.
1-6 ft. V;-S Steel cross cut Saw whet and Set
1- 7 ft. Do. Peg Tooth Do.
2- 7 ft. Do. jvliip Saws
2 - 7 ft. Whites Do.
2 - W.S. Lock Tillers
2 Whites Do.
1 Dos. Whip Saws Piles of one Sort
1 Doz. Do. of another sort.
6 cross Cut Saw files
6 Do. larger
2 long Saw Setts.
And in ITo. 2 a Dozen Pitching Axes.
which were Shipoed in order to he used hy a number of Grizons to he
sent Servants to the Trust only Two Pamilys go; which with one Daniel
Payssoiox are Servants to the Trust, therefore what are wanting for
14 (33)
such. Seryguits must he soused and the other put in the Store for the
use of the Preeholders hy this Ship, or other occasions for them.
There are two Boxes also in the said Bill of Lading which
please to deliver to Fras. Piercy ano Mrs. Fallovvfield as directed.
And You are hereby Authorised to discharge the Bill of Lading
on Receipt of the Contents for the uses they are consigned
The Passengers on the Trust Accot. who ere to he put on the
Store & have fifty Acres Lotts are as follows.
Mrs. Mary Pemher (who has a particular Letter to You) (34) the
Grant of the Fifty Acres to her will come over with Mr. Oglethorpe hut
the Land must he set out now. She is to hold it for Life and after her
Death it goes to Edward Seymour, her Couzen & the Heirs Male of his
Body; he also comes with her hy this Ship & Blizth. Hichols her Maid
Servant, making three heads on the Store, at the allowance Mr. Ogle
thorpe settled when at Savannah.
Peter Jouhert and Mary his V/ife Ta/o more on the Store. Mr.
Jouhert is to have fifty Acres set out and will he included in a new
Trust Grant which will come over with Mr. Oglethorpe. And the said 50
Acres must he adjoining to Mrs. Pemhers; and both to he Town Lots at
Savannah.
Jolin Smith and Mary his Wife, William his Son aged 6 & Mary his
Daughter Aged 6 Months making two hea.ds & one third more on the Store.
The said John Smith is to have a Town Lot also, and will he included in
the said Trust Grant, And
Henry Meyer Katherine his Wife 1 Sons Daniel Aged 14, Peter Aged
12 and John aged 5 And his three Daughters, Ann Aged Seventeen, Margaret
15 (3^)
aged 8 and Kgtherine aged 2 ^'aking 6 heads & one Sixth more on the
Store. The said Henry Meyer is to have 50 Acres hut it cannot he laid
out till Mr. Oglethorpes Arrivalj And till then he may he en5)loyed for
the Benefit of the Trust in Consideration of his Maintenance.
The Servants hound hy Indentures to the Trustees are to have a
house to live in & to he set to sawing.
Their Names & the Conditions of their Indentures are as follows
Vizt.
Daniel Fayssoux hound the 31st. of July 1735 to serve five Tears
from the date and during the Term & untill the end thereof is to he
provided with and allowed all necessary Cloaths Meat Drink VJashing
Lodging and all other necessarys fit and Convenient for him according
to the Custom of Georgia and as other Servanats in such Cases are
usually provided and allowed.
Anthony Salice & Katherine his VJife hound hy SsdxKpcxfe Indre. of
Same date to serve the same time & both to he provided with an allowed
as above and further tha.t his Son Anthony aged (35) 3 & his Daughter
MjTHrw Maria Katherina aged 4 Shall he with and maintained during the
said Term.
John Giovanoli and Maria His Wife hound hy Indenture of the same
date to serve the same time and both to he provided with and allowed
as above And further that is / Sons John aged 3 and Scher aged 2 shall
he with him end maintained during the said Term And at the end thereof
untill tlieir respective ages of ten Years when they are severally ho\ind
to serve in Georgia untill their respective ages of 24 Which said
Servants are to he provided each Tear hy the hea,d as follows. Vizt.
16 (35)
200 po\mds of Megt and 342 pounds of Hice Pease or Indian Corn to Tae
delivered in such Proportions bs may test ansver the said whole Years
maintenance therewith. And their Cloathing is to he to each head 6
Yards of Linsey woolsey 9 Yards of Osenhrigs, a pair of Shes from

England & 2 pair of Country Shoes together with 2. Value in Ueedles,
Tliread &c each Year.
There is another Servant hound to the Trust as an Apprentice hy
Indenture of the same date; his Name is Thomas Oakes aged 15 Years &
hoTind for 6 Years & the Trustees have appointed the use of him to
Thomas Young. The Conditions of his Indenture is the same as Daniel
Fayssoimc, only being 6 Years instead of 5* And you must take a Eecognisance from Thomas Yoixng of 5 Sterling for performing the Conditions
of the said Indentuie between the said Thomas Oakes of the one part and
the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia, in American of the
other part and bearing date the 31st. of July 1735*
Daniel PeyssoTXx, Anthony Salice & Jolm Giovanoli are on their
arrival to have 5 Acres each in part of their 20 Acres set out; it being
agreed they should be allowed one day in a. Week to Work on their ovm
Land; And the remaining 15 Acres to each is to be sett out as soon as
conveniently may be afterwards & before the expira.tion of the 5 Y'ears
And it is further agreed that they should be ^llov-fed Tools to work on
Q
their own Lands not exceeding 15- Sterling to each.
There is on board tliis Ship Mr. Nathaniel Polhill v/ho ha,s a
Grant of I50 Acres of Land & was to carry 3 Servts. with him He could
get but one to go over now with him; (36) therefore let him have $0
Acres of Land set out in p^rt with a. reserve for 100 Acres more
17 (36)
adjacent In case 2 other Servants shall he sent him within the limited
time of his Grant, which hy Indorsement has he extended hy the Common
Council of the Trust. He goes at his own Escpence and maintains himself
and Family.
There is another Psasenger on hoand at his own Expence who has a
Grant of 50 Acres, his Hame is William Vfoodroffe (he has a particular
Letter to You) He has the care of the Medicines, to he used hy Mr.
John Smith & half hhd. of Vinegar on hoard with a Brush to use it; for
use in the Voyage and for which the Captain has given a Store Eect.
which Mr. Woodroffe has. What is not used in the Voyage Mr. Woodrooffe
will Deliver to You I am
Sir
Your most hijmhle Servant
The following Letters are inclosed
wch. please to deliver or send as directed
2 to Capt. Mackay
1 to Ann Bliss
1 to Edwd. Bush
2 to Francis Peircy
1 to Wm. Brownjohn
1 to Jno. Marshall
1 to James Burnsides
1 to John Tiiompson
1 to Lewis Bowen
1 to Hvigh Frazier
and 1 to Mr. Bogcomhe.
18 (37)
Copy of a 1*61ter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Csuston Bated gt
Westminster 9th. August 1735*
Sir
Since my last of the 7th. Instant, I have recd Directions to
desire You would keep a watchfull Eye over the hehaviour of Anthony
Salice (who comes hy this Ship) one of the Servants hound to the Trust;
And in particular to Ohserve if any Inclination should arise in him for
corresponding with either the Franch or Spaniands.
Henry Meyer whom I mentioned, might he employed till 14r. Ogle
thorpe's Arrival for the Benefit of the Trust in Consideration of his
Maintenance; being a Freeman, must not he employed to labour for the
Trust, hut he maintained as other Freemen are, for he is to joyn the
People Mr. Oglethorpe brings, to he Settled in a, nev Town.
\7hat Provisions Captn. Dauhuz don't use in the Voyage, You are
empowered to take from him, giving him a Eeceipt for the different
Species and several Quantitys of each. And the Trust will Settle the
price \tfith Mr. Simond here.
I am
Sir
Your most humble Servant
(45) Copy of a letter from 14r. Verelst to Mr. Philip George Frederick
De Reck. Dated a,t Westminster 12th. Arigiast 1735"
Sir
1? (^5)
I rec*d your Letter dated the 8th. instant Ef.S. which I escpected
would have given Advice of your Setting forward hy that time, agrealle
to what Mr. Vernon ha. wrote to You on that head. ITne Trustees there
fore desire You will on Receipt hereof Set forwsrd with those that are
ready and not Stay for iTumhers, hy reason that they must he in England
some time in September if they Go this Year, and those that cannot he
in England hy tha.t time must remain in Germany till next August. As to
the Xfives and Children of the Carinthiens, if the Men will go before
them and leave one or two of their ITumher to Conduct them, they may
follow when they obtain Liberty to do so; And the Men that go before
them will be preparing Conveniences for their Reception in Georgia.
These Instructions You are desired particularly to Goii^^ly with,
and not to think of coming this Year without You come directly.
I am
Sir
Your most humble Servant
(49) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Eveleigh dated at West
minster the 20th. of August 1735
Sir
Mr. Oglethorpe having laid Your letter before the Trustees for
establishing the Colony of Georgia in America and acquainted them of
Your great Zeal for the Welfare of Georgia; They are very sensible of
Yo'or Publick Spirit, and gratefully acknowledge your punctual and con
stant Correspondence. They are very desirous to Give all Encouragement
20 (if9)
in their Povrer to the Lumhar Trade, and in Consideration tloat You ha.ve
been so zealous in endeavouring to forv^ard the sajne; they have com
manded me to pay the Freight of the 4 peices of Timber You sent con
signed to Mr. Simond, vrhich I will do.
All Timber sent from Georgia must be Cutt by white Men; for the
King in Council has confirmed an Act Prohibiting the Use of Negroes in
Georgia, and He has also confirmed another Act prohibiting the Use of
Hum in Georgia, and both under large Penaltys. His Majesty in Council
has p.lso confirmed an Act for maintaining the Peace with the Indians
which regulates the Trade with them All whicn Acts Mr. Oglethorpe will
bring with him He will soon sail from England, and will have due
regard to so deserving an Inhabitant of Georgia as Mr. Eveleigh is.
One part of the Business of the Indians who come over with Mr.
Oglethorpe was to secure the Lands to the Trustees who had the Kings
Authority to acquire it; for none can p-jrchase Land of the Indians in
Georgia without the Kings Authority and that Eoyal Authority is Granted
only to the Trustees for all the Land in the Province of Georgia I
mention this to you Sir as a priident Caution to prevent any useless or
unlawfull Endeavours by the Imposition (50) of ill advisers who know
nothing of the Land possessed by the Indians and the Property of
acquiring a Title to it.
I an
Sir
Yr. most Obedient humble
Servant
21 (53)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Tlios. Ceuston dated at West
minster the 22d. of A'ug:'ast 1735*
Sir
Captain Lunhar having received Instructions in case he should
not meet Captain Gascoigne at Sea; (who is to cruize off the River
Savannah for tliat purpose with His Majestys man of War the Hawk, in
case Mr. Oglethorpe shall arrive before Captain Dunbar) Thai then he
snould send You this to assist him in getting Pettiauguas and other
Craft to carry up the Passenj_ers end Goods on board him to Barnwells
Bluff upon the Alatameha. Lieutenant Hu^ Macka^'" who is on board is to
receive all the Goods Shipped, and to Certify to You that he has
received them at the said Bluff agreeable to the Bill of Lading which 1
will do upon the Captains Copy, and by which certificate You are hereby
Impowered to Discharge the Captain from the Inclosed Bill of Lading
consigned to You for the Use of James Oglethorpe Bsqr.
If the Captain brings You Lieutenant Mackays Certificate for
foirr Peices of Cannon delivered to him and for any Quantitys and
different Species of Provisions talcen from the Captain on discharging
the Ship, You are to take such Certific^^tes and send Your Receipt for
them as delivered to Lieutenant Mackay by the Captain according to his
Certificate in Your Custody.
The Captain ha.s Leave that the Passengers may use 25 pounds of
Gun powder on board. And if any Canvas & Blanketting is not delivered
by him for the use of the Passengers he is to deliver the Risidue to
You in the Absence of Mr. Oglethorpe; as also any Residue of 2 half
hhds. of Rape Eager, 2 Stone Bottles of Tlieracle and the Box of
22 (53)
Medicines shipxjed for use in the Voyage together with the Brush to
sprinkle the Rape Eager with were put on hoard as Store.
(5^) The Provisions the Scotch are to have are 12 Bushells of
d
Indiau Corn at 5^ pounds for each Bushel 100. pounds of Meat, 30 pounds
of Butter, l/4 Cwt. of Cheese and a Bushel of Salt a Year to each
head.
The Ton of Gritts on hoard is appointed to he used instead of
so much Indian Corn, and the Ship Beef that may he left and delivered
hy Captain Dunhar must he applied in part of their meat, the whole
Quantity of Cheese for I30 heads is on hoard being 32i Cwt.
And the Scotch must he supported piorsuant to the above Estab
lishment
You must strive to Obtain the Indians Consent for the Scotch
Settling at Barnwells Bluff d: for that purpose You are to make them such
Presents as she,11 he necessary and to get some of them to Go and hunt
for them & shov/ them the Country & he^ sure to satisfy the Indians upon
this CccasionIf any Persons should busy themselves in Spreading any Scandalous
Reports & Rumours to hinder the Settling the Highlanders You are to
commit them for the same until such time as Tryal can he had and prose
cute them to the utmost Severity of the Lav/ & thereby prevent them
from having any Access to the new People and from doing any further
Mischief
I am
Sir
Yo'or humhle Servant
23 (57)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to I4r. John Hossa,ck Dated at Vest
minster 22d. August 1735-
Sir
Captn. Dunhsr the Bearer hereof waits upon You, to desire the
favour of your going on hoard his Ship to See all his Passengers
hrou^t before You, and he called over hy a List v/hich he will prepare
containing their Mames, Ages, Business, and v;here horn. Which list
when Examined hy You, pursuant to his Instructions which he will Show
You; IThe Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America hope
You will oblige them, on finding such List true, to Sign the same arcB.
the Date such Examination was taken before You on hoard.
The Season of this Trouble is; That the Trust may he Satisfied
v;hat ITumher of Passengers are on hoard, which they are to pay Freight
for and the Ages of each; Their Agreement with the Owner being to pay
Freight for every pxx Person of the Age of Twelve Years and upwards,
and for every Person of the Age of Seven Years and under tvfelve, half
Freight; And for every Person of the Age of Two Years and. under seven,
one third Freight; And no Freight for every Person under the Age of
Two.
I am
Sir
Your most Obedient Servant
24 (61)
Copy of a Letter from Mr- Verelst to Mr. Nicholas Spence dated at West
minster the 23d. of August 1735*
Sir
Your Letter to Mr. Adam Anderson dated the 11th. Instant has
been laid hefore the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in
America and has given them great satisfaction; for they cannot hut
feel themselves greatly concerned for the Welfare of the People who Go
to Georgia, and think it would he a deplorable Condition for such a
ITuraher of poor people to he without any Spiritual Help, they not
speaking the English Language.
And as the Trustees are wholly rinacquainted with the Lives
Characters and Conversations of any Ministers who Speak the Irish
Language; If the Society for Promoting Shxxsixa Christain knowledge in
the Highlands of Scotland (whose Zeal & Charity ha.s exerted itself so
conspiciously) iirould recommend a Godly Minister, of the Gospel of an
exemplary Life, and as may he acceptable to the People of the Imharkation for Georgia; that by their mutual Affection he may he the better
Enabled to Edify them; and ths.t he may also be one fitt for such an
Important Charge, whose necess^^ry Qualifications is needless to set
forth to a Society so good ^ Judges of the Virtues requisite for a
Minister of the Gospel; and more especially for one who is to go into
a Country where his Example may be usefull to the Heathen The Trustees
vrill thereupon Issue a License to such Minister for to Officiate in
Religious Matters for the said Imbarkation to and in Georgia; in the
same Manner as they do to all other Ministers sent to Georgia. And
25 (61)
will also erant to Mm three Hixndred Acres of Land.
I am
Sir
Yoiir Most htunhle Servant
(65) Copy of a Letter from Mi. Verelst to Mr. rnomas Causton dated
at Westminster Aia^st 23d. 1735-
Sir
You are desired to send down the Pylot Sloop to see if an Entry
can he found for the Carrying up a Ship in safety within the Elver
Alatamaha which will he of great use against the next Ships Arrival
when You will he sent to from off the Island of Tyhee to 3snow I sxsx
Sir
Your most humhle Servt.
(69) Copy of a Letter from I4r. Verelst to Captain George Dunhar
dated at Westminster the 30th. of August 1735-
Sir
I received Yours from Gravesend and have orders for the follow
ing Grants to pass the f seal on Wednesday next The Expences of them
I will rnalra You dehtor for which are i 1;1. - for each 500.^ Acres the
Consideration money and 10.for the Auditor for Eegistering each
Grant; 'iJhich I vrill get done and send hy Mr. Oglethorpe-
26 (69)
500.^ Acres to Patrick Macksy and the Heirs Male of his Body
and in failure to Catherine his Daughter and the Heirs Male of her
Body500.^ Acres to John Cuthhert and the Heirs Male of his Body and
in failTxre to James Cuthhert and the Heirs Male of his Body
500-^ Acres to John Mackay and the Heirs Male of his Body
And ^00- Acres to Yourself and the Heirs Male of Tonr Bony and in
failure to '.(illiam Your Brother and the Heirs Male of his Body- All at
the Yearly Sent of Ten Shillings for every 100. Acres As to the Power
of Alienation of 20 Acres each for the Town, Tha.t will he hy a Licence,
and with Respect to the Indica.ture, That is a seperate Power, which Hr.
Oglethorpe will move for on Wednesday.
There is another Grant to pass the Seal on Yoiir Recoraniendation
for 500.^ Acres to Thomas EsHiie ana and the Heirs Male of his Body
and in failure to his Brother Alexaiader and the Heirs Male of his Body,
and in failure to his Brother Robert and the Heirs Male of his Body
under the Yearly Rent of 20. for every 100.^ Acres, which is the present
Reserved Rent, But none of the Rents Commence till Ten Years from the
s d
9th. of Jtme 1732 and for which I shall make you Debtor i 1;11;6
(70) And the Grant that was made out for 50 Acres to Arcibald
MacGillivray will also pass the Seal the same Day; But no Expence
attends that. I am
Sir
Tour most hnmble Servant
27 (73)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Hugh Mackay to l^r. Oglethorpe Dated at
Kirtomie 1st. Septr. 1735*
Sir
I wrote to Yo-a from Thurso hy last Post and hy the former Post
from Inverness. I ha,ve since been in the most inaccessahle parts of
iny Lord Eeay's 'iistate and am now in my way to my Lord Sutherlands
House. I have now the pleasure to tell You that notwithstanding the
strongest Opposition, and that carryed on in the vilest manner, that is
hy under hand Agents instilling terrible Apprehensions in the People's
Minds; I have at last opened the Peoples Eyes so far that several have
a good Opinion of the Project, and were it not for want of Specie in
the Country many would embrace this opport-unity; But I dare promise
ths.t xvere this Convoy safely afrived and Accounts transmitted here of
their being happily Settled, the Trust may annually kax have what
ITumbers they please from the Horthern Highlands. I cannot say that the
present Convoy will be such as I would choose, had I the Refusal of
many; Yet all of them will be usefull Hands and mar^r of them active
young Bellows and old Soldiers. I imve by this last round fixed four
teen free Men, I expect three or four more; Three Servants I ha.ve,
Twenty more are promised me by my Friends; Besides I have several
Agents at Work. present Computation is 37 on the Publick Account and
3h on private Accots. including Mr. Baillie's, Mr. Mackay in Ceorgia
and Mr. Mackay of Strathy whom I mentioned in my last; So that if Mr.
Dunbar's hO answers You may safely venture to order the Ship about,
(7^) At my first Coming there was such a Clamour raised
against the Business I hac to transact that I was jlad to promise any
28 (74)
Gentleman, that woxild. carry Servants at their own Charge, Passage in
this Ship- Had ny Affair lain in Towns or Citys the Work would have
been easy, but I had three Coionties to travel through; wherein such
Towns as are in them I have not got a Man: Wha.t I got \^ere in dis
persed Houses here and there; bad Hoads to Struggle v/ith, the Art of
Landlords, and the worst of all the Ignorance of the People. I own I
have been very much obliged to the Clergy, particularly to the Gentleman
whose Letter I sent You from Inverness; His friendship proceeded from a
^ Principle of Humanity end Christian Charity, Sxiocked to see his
Fellow Creatures in the utmost Slavery and endeavoured to be continued
so by their Masters by false Aspersions against the Scheme for Settling
the Colony; He did his utmost to open their Eyes, his Endeavours had
the greater Effect that he is a Man of sir-golar Piety and Disinterested
ness. Tiiere is one Mr. Henderson a young Clergyman, to whom the Agent
for the Society at Edinburgh has vxrote to go to Georgia; But the Man
not iccjofjta: knowing the Terms did not by his Answer engage to go,
but I have since seen him end he is very willing to go; So I beg that
if the Place is not already Supplied he may be the Man; He is a Native
here and a Man of exceeding good Character.
Among the rest of the Storys they made up to terrify the People
they gave out that the Men are Yoaked foor and four in a Plough and so
serve instead of Horses.
(75) I saw an Advertisement in the Edinburgh Prints, put in by
some honest Person telling that many People are going from the High
lands to be Settled in a new part of Georgia, to be a Barrier against
the French and Spaniards-
29 (75)
Having tired You with a long Scrawl I heg Leave to conclude hy
Suhscrihing my self
Sir
Your most humhle most Obedient
& most Obliged Servent
(8l) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Hugh Mackay to Mr. Oglethorpe La ted at
Bunrobin 17th. Sejitr. 1735*
Sir
I wrote to You of the 12th. Instant from Inver Gordon, Iti'.
Cuthbert came not and by his Return to me I don't find any Certainty as
to Mumbers with him. Being obliged to meet my Country Men as mentioned
in my last I could not go to Inverness at that time, but as soon as Mr.
Dunbar arrives Ill wait of him and concert with him what may be most to
the Advantage of the Publick Service. I \irould have engaged Six Freemen
when there in August, but as there was a Perquisite and they were in his
District I would not meddle; I told them he would agree with them when
he came. I hope to make a half Dozen by my last Trip, Wo I have
Sectored.
I came here last night where I met both the Lords mentioned in
my last; They seem to be better reconciled to my Business than for
merly. I have good hopes I shall make the hO, Scounes and Strathys
20 make 60 from these parts. This I acquainted them of at Inverness,
to fix the wavering humour of the People there, of which lir. Cuthbert
complains much.
30 (81)
Mr. Verelpt^s Letter of tiie 30th. which I recd yesterdsy hroiight
me Credit for L 60. Sterl. to be employed in terms of my Letter to You
of Late l4th. Avi^st; This Confidence or any other You repose in me, I
hope I shall never abuse, but I sm afraid it is come too late, all the
Dealers of aiay Substance or tha,t I would trust are gone to England &
South (82) parts of Scotland with black Cattle; However I wrote
yesterday to a Man, who has a Son at Savannah and has a Nephew and Son
that intend to go, to tell him tiiat I would find Money if he and those
that went would give me their joint Security. If they donH go I shall
carry the Letter of Credit to Georgia or Send it back to the Trust
before I imbark. I am afraid You will be disgusted at the Appearance
we shall make, but believe me Sir I have done ny best and I kkiia
tho^jght it was better to catch small Fish than none. I am
Sir
Your most Obedient most humble
and ever Obliged Servant.
P. S. Since writing the above I have got a Promise from my Lord Eeay
of a parcel of Targets, I know not yet the Number. I have 18 amaking.
The Sixrgeon of Col. Handasydes Regiment who is recruiting here
entered one of my Freemen yesterday to list for a Soldier, tomorrow
morning I am to find him out to thank him for his Civility.
(101) Copy of a Letter from Mr. EiJigh Mackai to Mr. Oglethorpe Dated at
Tain 24th. Septr. 1735.
Sir
31 (101)
I wrote to You ly the last Post from Pimrohin and am now on my
Return from Inverness vrhere I was to concert the time of our Sailing
with Mr. Dunhar who sets out this Day for Edinburgh. Eae Imharkation
is fixed for the l8th. of October, I undertake for Sixty including
ScoTxries and Mr. Mackays of Stratliy Servants; And Mr. Dunbar for Eifty
including Mr. Baillies with their Proportion of Xgsa Women and Chil
dren. As I do not incline to have too many of them at first Setting
out I'll endeavour to convert the ITumber of Heads I want into Men, or
Boys at Sixteen or thereabouts. The Trustees I believe will pay no
waste freight, but the Oimers will be Gainers.
Yesterday I drew upon the Trust for ITine pounds ten shillings
which v.dth my Draught of l4th. August compleats the I. 59:10: for the
ho Men, Targets and Mills. I shall have the freight of two Servants to
pay for a Nephew of mine that goes \dth me, for which I shall send a
Bill upon my Agent to the Trust before I imberk. I can't yet tell
whether I shall have Occasion to Use any part of the D 60. Credit sent
me by Mr. Verelst.
Mr. Mackay of Stratliy will see You at London, if You are not
Sailed for America before he has got his Affairs done at Edinburgh; he
wants to be informed at the Eountain head, particularly with regard to
the Succession (v/hich indeed is what every (102) body here boggles at)
not so much to Satisfy himself a,s to be enabled to Satisfy others in
that particular; For he is determined to go in any Event. And I am
fully persuaded that if the Colony subsists but three Years there will
be more Mackays in America than in the Highlands.
By a Letter from Hr. Verelst to Capt. Dunbar which I saw with
32 (102)
Mr. Baillie as we were upon the Road last night I find that in. the
Grants of Scourie, I'lr. Dnnhar, Mr. Cuthoert, and Mr. Bsillie, some of
their nearest Relations are included in the Entail. I had not so much
to Silence the Clamours of those that opposed me, nor did Dunhar make
mention of such a Letter to me, though he and I talkd more than once
upon that Suh^ject at Inverness; Which I suppose proceeded from forget
fulness rather than that he grudged me your favour and the fruits of my
own Industry. I here name two Rephews and a Brother whom I heg may he
included in my Grant if practicahle, and if hut one can he admitted
pray let it he my Brother, my Nephews being young & not marryed.
Donald Mackay of Ear Shire of Sutherland, Samuel Mackay of the Parish
of St. James in Dover, Robert Mackay Tutor of Ear. The last named is
my Brother and ha.s several Sons, the first is now carrying Arms in
Holland and will he an American if I live two Years. The second is a
Boy of 13 Years and as pretty a. Lad as any in England of his Age.
Having tired You with a. long Scrawl I heg Leave to Suhscrihe
ny self Sir
Your most hedient most obliged
humble Servant.
(103) I am in the way to the Highlands for the last time, probably I
shall not have the Pleasuie to write to You before the People are all
on $ board.
(105) Copy of the Appointment of Thomas Causton first Bailiff at
Savannah in the room of Peter Gordon removed Dated September
the 24th. 1735.
33 (105)
To all to whom these presents shall come the Common Council of
the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America send
Greeting JCnow Ye that Ve Have removed and displaced end Do hereby
remove and displace Peter Gordon from the Office of first Bailiff of
the Town of Savannah and the Precincts thereof in Georgia, aforesaid and
Have nominated constituted and appoiiited and by these Presents in the
Room and f Steed of him the said Peter Goroon Do nominate consitute
and appoint Thomas Ge.uston to be the first Bailiff of the said Town
and Precincte thereof To have and to hold the said office of first
Bailiff together with fII Powers Authorities and Jurisdictions thereunto
belonging for during end until such time only as some other Person by
the Comiaon Council for the time being of the said Trustees in the Room
and Stead of the said Thomas Causton shall be nominated and appointed
to the said Office And We Do hereby authorise and direct the Recorder
of the said Town for the time being to administer the Oaths of Alle
giance Supremacy and Abjuration mentioned in an Act made in the "irst
Year of the Reign of his late Majesty King George the first (Bntitled
an Act f ;r the f-urther Security of His M^jestys Person ai^.d Government
and the Succession of the Crown in the Heirs of the (106) late
Princess Sophia being Protestants and for extinguishing the hopes of
the Pretended Prince of Wales and his o]jen and Secret Abettors) and
also the Oath of Office to him the said Thomas Causton and to enter
the same upon Record In Witness whereof the said Common Council have
to these Presents affixed the Common Seal of the Corporation of the
said Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America the
Twenty fourth Day of September in the Hinth Year of the Reign of om-
jh (106)
Sovereign Lord George tlie Second by tlie Grace of God of Greet Britain
France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith end so forth And in the
Yeer of o'or Lord One Thonsend seven Hundred and Thirty five.
(109) Copy of the Eeleese to Thomas Csuston end others of 10,000.'"^'
Acres in Trust Dated the 24th, of September 1735-
This Indenture Made the Tvfenty fourth Ley of September in the
ninth Year of the Eeign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second by the
Grace of God of Greet Britain France end Ireland King defender of the
Faith and so forth And. in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven
Kxmdred end Thirty five Between the Trustees for establishing the
Colony of Georgia in America, of the one part and Thomas Causton first
Bailiff Henry Parker second Bailiff John Learne f third Bailiff and
Thos, Christie Eecorder of Savannah in Georgia of the other part
Ifhereas by Indenture of Release bearing Date the Twenty Sixth Day of
October 1732 and Made between the said Trustees of the one part and
Tliomas Christie Joseph Hughes and Villiam Calvert of London Laboxirers
of the other part Five Thousand Acres of Land in the Province of
Georgia aforesaid was Granted Eelesseu and Confirmed to them and their
Heirs and to the Heirs of the Survivor of them to the Intent and purpose
that they and the Survivors or Survivor of them and the Heirs of such
Survivor shoiald from time to time as 0cca,sion should require Grant
Assign and Transfer to every Man of the Age of Twenty one Years or
upwards who within the Space of T\v'elvemonths from the Date thereof
should arrive in the said Province of Georgia with a Design to settle
35 (109)
end iniiebit there snd shoxild Signify his Desire to have Lands granted
to (no) him a certain Nnraher of Acres not exceeding Fifty to every
such Man And Whereas hy another Indenture of Eelease hearing Date
the Eleventh Dpy of June 1733 & made between the said Trustees of the
one part and John Barnes Henry Parker Joshua Sacheveral of London
Labourers of the other part Two Faousand Eight Hundred Acres of Land in
the said Province was Granted Eeleased and Confinaed to the like Intent
and purpose excepting only the Humber of Acres to be granted to every
such Man being reduced to Forty And Wliereas by another Indenture of
Eelease bearing date the Eighteenth Day of October I733 d wade
between the said Trustees of the one part and John Ambrose Isaac TTirg
Hark and Arthur Ogle Edgcombe of London Labourers of the other part
Two Thousand Eight Hundred Acres of Land in the said Provinc-? was
granted Eeleased and Confirmed to the like Intent and puri^ose And
Whereas by another Indenture of Eelease bearing date the same day and
made between the said Trustees of the one part and George Buckman of
Leightenberg Farmer Christopher Ortman of Eedriff Schoolmaster and
V/illiam Sale of London Merchant of the other part Two Thousand Five
Hundred Acres of Land in the said Province was granted Eeleased end
Confirmed to the intent and purpose to Grant to every man Saltzburghers
who within Twelvemonths from the Date thereof should arise in the said
Province a certain Number of Acres not exceeding fifty to every such
Man. And Whereas by another Indenture of Eelease bearing Date the
Sixteenth Day of October 173^- snd made betw'een the said (ill)
Trustees of the one part and Peter Goroon first Bailiff Thomas
Causton second Bailiff Henry Parker third Bailiff and k Thomas
36 (111)
Christie Recorder of Saveniieh in Georgia of the other part Two Thousand
Rive hundred Acres of Land in the sdd Province was granted Released
and Confirmed to the like Intent and purpose And 'i'Thereas no Lends
have heen Conveyed in pursuance of the tw-o before mentioned Indentures
of Release dated the Eleventh of June and Eighteenth of October 1733
and thereby the said several Trusts have never been executed And
Fnereas only pant of the Lands have been conveyed in ijursuance of the
tlaree other before mentioned Indentures of Release or some of them
Vfithin the respective times severally limitted in the said Indres. for
Conveying thereof And it being necessary that every Preemen of the Age
of Twenty one Years or upx'fards novj in the Province of Georgia afore
said who is desirous to have Lands granted to him should have a
certain Humber of Acres not exceeding Fifty to every such Man Con
veyed and Assured to him and the Heirs Male of Ills Body And that every
Man of the said Age beins a Pr-oteatant who within the space of Tv;o
Years from the date hereof shall arrive in the said Province of Georgia
with a Design to settle and inhabit there should have the like Humber
of Acres Granted to him How this Indenture witnesseth thal in pui--
suance of the Execution of the Trust in the Trustees for establishing
the Colony of Georgia in Aaerica by His Majesty most rraciously
reposed and to the Intent that such Persons who aie resident and (112)
Inliabitants in the said Province and such others as shall hereafter go
to reside and Inhabit there may have and enjoy to them and the Heirs
Male of their Bodys a fit and sufficient Quantity of Land
whereby they may maintain and Provide for themselves and Panilies
They the said Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in
37 (112)
Americe. for themselves and their Successors Have Granted Released and
Confirmed and "by these presents To Grant Rele,se and Confirm them the
said Thomas 0>=uston Henry Parker John Dearne and Thomas Christie (in
their actual Possession nov? "being hy Virtue of a Bargain and Sale to
them thereof made for one vfhole Year hy Indenture hearing Date the Day
next before the day of the date of these Presents in Consideration of
Five shillings hy them or one of them paid to the said Trustees and hy
force of the Statute for transferring Uses into zxtxJsgcxfaxssxHfetks
StxtxtKxicaK Possession) and to their Heirs and to the Heirs of the
Survivor of them Tea Thousand Acres of Land lying and being in the
Province of Georgia in America part & paxcel of the Lands Vfhich His
said Majesty graciously jfi granted to the said Corporation hj?- his said
Letters Pattent hearing Date the linth Day of June in the Year of our
Lord 1732 Tile said Ten Thousand Acres of Land to he set out limited
divided and ho-unded in such manner & in such part or parts of the said
Province as shall he thought most convenient and proper hy such person
or nersons as shadl hy the said Common Council he for that purpose
authorised and appointed To have and to hold the said Ten Thousand
Acres of Land to (II3) them the said Thomas Ca-uston Henry Parker Jolin
Dearne and Thomas Christie and their Heirs and to the Heirs of the
Survivor of them to such Uses Intents nd purposes and subject to stich
Povjers and under such Provisoes Limitations and Agreements as are
hereinafter limitted declared and expressed (tliat is to ssy) To the
Intent and purpose that they the said Thomas Causton Henry Parker John
Dearne and Thomas Christie and Survivor or Survivors of them and the
Heirs of such Survivor shall from time to time as Occs>sion shall
38 (113)
require ,r?.nt Assign snd tr?ns 'er to every Msn of the Age of Tvrenty one
Yeers or upwsjrds being protestants who within the Space of two Years
from the Date hereof shall ai-rive in the said Province of Georgia with
a Design to settle and inliabit there and shall signify to them the said
[Ehomas Ca-uston Henry Parker John Dearne and Thomas Christie or the
Survivors or Sixrvivor of them or the Heirs of such Survivor his Desire
to ha:?e Lands granted to him a certain Humber of Acres not exceeding
Fifty to every such Man To have and to hold to him and his Heirs Male
upon the Terms and Subject to the Eeservations Conditions Provisoes end
Limitations hereinafter expressed limited and declared of and con
cerning the same (that is to say) upon Express Condition tha,t if any
such Person or Persons to whom such Grant shall be made shall not abide
settle an inhabit in the said Province of Georgia for and during the
Term of three Years from and after the Day on which he or they shall
request and and desire such Grant to him or them to be made (ll4) and
shall not cultivate such Lands as shall be allotted and given him or
them by ell such ways and means as according to their several Abilitys
and skill he or they shall be best able and Capable or if any such
person or persons shall depart or pass out of the Limits of the said
Province of Georgia without Licence in Writing first had and obtained
under the hand and seal of such Officer or Officers as shall by the
Common Co'uiicil be authorized and impovrered to grant such Licences Or if
any such Person or Persons to whom any such Lands shall be granted as
aforesaid shall alien Assign anc Transfer the said Lends or any part
or parcel thereof or any Term Est-te or Interest therein to any other
person or persons whatsoever vrithout the special leave and Licence of
39 (11^)
the Coi'iHnon. Council of the said Corporp,tion for tae time leing or of
such Officer or Officers b-s shal.1 ly the saio Coionion uouncil he autho
rized and impowered to grant such Licences l!het then and from thence
forth in any or either of these Cases it shadl and may he lawfull to
and for the said Trustees for Esta.hlishing the Colony of Georgia in
Ataerica end their Successors into and upon the said Lands hereby in
tended to he granted as aforesaid or into and upon any part thereof
in the lame of the whole wholly to reenter end the seme to have again
retain possess end enjoy as in their first and former Estate as if such
Grant or Grants had never "been ha.d or made and such Person or Persons
so miehehaving him or tnemselves in any or either of the Cases afore
said and all other the Occupiers and Possessors (115) of the said Lands
or of any part thereof thereout and from thenceforth utterly to expell
nut out and emove and also that upon such nntry oy such Officer or
Officers as shall hy the said Cortunon Council for the time hefor that
purpose authorized and appointed such Grant or Grants shall respectively
cease determine and become Void Tnis Indenture or the said Indentures
of Grant so to made as aforesaid or any thing herein Contained to the
contrary thereof in any wise notv;ithstending and also on this further
Condition That if any of the said Lands so to he granted as aforesaid
shall not he cultivated planted cleared or improved during the Space of
Ten Tears to he accoted. from the Day of the Date of the grant of sucn
Lands that then and in such Case sll and every part or p^^rcel of such
Lands not cultivated planted cleared or improved as aforsaid shall he
and belong to the said Trustees for Establishing the Colon;'- of Georgia
in America and their Successors and the Grant or Grants of such Lands
40 (115)
as to such Parts or parcels thereof shall cease determine and he void
and sliall he e,r8n.ted and disposed of in such manner and to such
Persons as the said Common Council of the said Corporation shall think
fit And further reserving in all and every the Gr^-nts so to he made
as aforesead a Pent Change or yearly Rent for ever after the r^^te of
foTor Shillings for every Hundred Acres of the said Lands v;hich shall he
so granted the Pajnnent of which sid Rent not to commence or he made
until Ten Years after the making such Grant and to he paid to such
Person and r-t such (ll6) Place in the said Province of Georgia as hy
the said Common Council shaJLl from time to time he directed and
appointed-. And further as touching and concerning the Reversion or
Reversions or Remainder or Remainders expectant on the respective
Demise or Demises of any such Person or Persons to whom such Grants
shall he made as aforesaid w Lthout Issue Male or any Porfeitiire or
other Determination of the Estate of such Person or Persons It is
hereby declared and agreed oy all the Parties to these presents and
their Intent and Meaning is th^^t the same shall he and remain to the
said Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America and
their Successors aiid to and for their Use and Behoof and for none
other Use whatsoever And the said Thoiue.s Causton Henry Parker John
Dearne and Thomas Christie By these presents for themselves severally
and respectively and for their several and respective Heirs Executors
and Administrators and. not jointly or the one for the other of them nor
for the Heirs Executors or Administrators of the other Do by these
presents Covenant Promise and agree to and vvith the said Trustees for
Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America, and their Successors
41 (116)
That they and every of them will from time to timfe according to the
"best of their Skill and Knowledge duly and faithfully execute the Trust
hereby in them reposed and shall and will at all times Obey and Perform
all such Orders & Directions as shall from tim* to time be given them
by the said Common Council Or by such Ill?) Person or Persons as shall
by the said Common Council for that purpose be authorized and
iii5)owered touching the Granting and Disposing of such Lends and
Premisses and the Executing the Trust hereby in them reposed. In
Witness whereof the Common Council of the said Trustees for Establish
ing the Colony of Georgia in America have to these presents affixed the
Common Seal of the Corporation of the said Trustees and the said
Thomas Causton Henry Parker John Dearne and Thomas Christie have
^ severally set their Hands and Seals to another part thereof remaining
with the said Trustees the Day and Tear first above written.
(121) Copy of the Appointment of the Town Court of Frederica da.ted
the 26th. of September 1735*
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
To all to whom these Presents shall Come send Greeting Whereas Our
Sovereign Lord George the Second by his Letters Patents under the
great Seal bearing Date the Hinth Day of June in the Fifth Tear of His
Reign amongst other things Hath of His Grace certain Knowledge & meer
motion Granted Established and Ordained for himself & his Successors
that the Corporation of the said Trustees and their Successors should
have full Power and Authority to Erect and Constitute Judicatories &
42 (121)
Coiirts of Eecord or other CoTrrts to "be held in the Same of his Said
Majesty His Heirs & Successors for the Hearing and Determining of all
Manner of Crimes Offences Pleas Processes Plaints Actions Matters
Causes and Things whatsoever arising or happening within the Province
of Georgia in America or "between any Persons inhabiting or residing
there whether the same "be Criminal or Civil and Whether the said Crimes
"be Capital or not Capital and whether the said Pleas "be Real Personal
or mixt and for awarding and making out Executions thereupon as in and
"by the said Letters Patents relation being thereunto had may more fully
and at large appear. And Whereas sundry Poor People are Imbarked or
Imbarking in Order to go to and settle in the said Province of Georgia
and intend for their Security and Convenience to build a Tovm there the
same to be called by the Name of SxBdtiBOcaEa: IVederica And Whereas it
is necessary for the Punishing Offences and for the Determining of
Differences 4 or Disputes that may happen to arrise or be committed
within the said Town or the Precincts thereof That there should be a
Court of erected and established for the Purposes aforesaid How Know
Ye that We the said Trustees for Establishing (122) the Colony of
Georgia in America in Pursuance and Execution of the Power and Authority
to Us in and by the said Letters Pattents Granted and that the People
of the said Town and the Precincts thereof may have their Laws and
Possessions secured to them in Peace and quietness Have Erected and
Constituted and by these Presents Do Erect and Constitute a Court of
Record the Hame and Stile of the Town Coiirt to be holden in the Name
of His said Majesty His Heirs and Successors before such Persons as
shall from time to time be Commissioned and appointed Bailiffs and
43 (122)
Recorder of the said Town by the Common Council for the time being of
Us the said Trustees And We Do hereby give and grant to such Bailiffs
and Recorder for the time being appointed in the manner as aforsaid
full Power Jurisdiction and Authorily to enquire by the Oaths of good
and lawfull Men of the said Town and the Precincts thereof and by all
other ny ways Manners and Means which they shall know of and have in
their Power by which the Truth of the fact may best be made appear of
all Treasons Misprisons of Treason Instirrections Rebellions Counterfeitixigs Clipping Washing Coining & other falsifyings of the Money of
Great Britain or of any other Realm or Dominions whatsoever Also of all
Murders Felonies Homicides Killings Burglaries Rapes of Women unlawfull
Assemblys Conspiracys Confedracys Transgretions Trespasses Riots Routs
Rescues Escapes Contempts Negligences Concealments Maintenances
Oppressions Deceits and of all o'ther Crimes Offences and Injurys what
soever and also of the Accessaiys thereunto and which at any time after
the date hereof shall by any Person or Persons whatsoever or howsoever
be had done perpetrated or Committed within the said Town and Pre
cincts thereof and also by whom to whom when how and in what manner and
of all other Articles Pacts and Circumstances in whatever manner soever
Touching or Coaacerning -the said Crimes and Offences 'them or any of them
And also the said (123) Treasons and all other the Crimes and Offences
aforesaid to hear and determine according to the Law and Custom of the
Realm of England Saving to Us and our Successors all Fines Forfeit^Ires
and Americaments and all other things to Us on Account thereof belonging
And therefore we Command that on such Days and in such Place or Places
as they the said Bailiffs and Recorder shall for that Purpose from time
44 (123)
to time putlicldy appoint they the said Bailiffs and Eecorder shall
with their utmost diligence make enquiry into and of the said Crimes
and Offences and all and Singular the said Crimes and Offences shall
hear and Determine therein doing as Justice directs according to the
Law and Custom of the Eealra of England We also hereby further Com
mand the Constables of the said Town of Frederica for the time being
Tha-t on such Days and in such Place or Places as shall for that purpose
for time to time be publickly appointed as aforesaid and of which they
the said Bailiffs and Eecorder shall certify the said Constables they
shall Cause to come before them the said Bailiffs and Eecorder such and
so many good and lawfull Men of the said Town and Precincts thereof by
whom the Truth of the Fact may best be enq\iired into and made known
And We do further give and grant to such Bailiffs and Eecorder for the
time being of the said Town of Frederica in manner aforesaid from time
to time Commissioned and appointed full Power Jurisdiction and Authority
to hold Pleas in all and all manner of Causes Suits and Actions as well
Real as Personal and Mixt and of any Debt Account Trespass in Ejectment
and other Tresspasses Covenants Promises Contracts & Detehues whatsoever
within the said Town and the Precincts thereof arising happening or
being and between any Persons whatsoever and to Proceed in such Pleas
Suits and Actions (124) by such ways means and process as may with the
greatest Safety Dispatch aM Justice bring the same to a final Deter
mination and also to hear and Determine all such Pleas Suits and
Actions and Judgement^ thereupon to give and Execution thereof to make
according to the Laws of England. And We do hereby further Ordain and
Direct that all Juries Pannells Inquisitions Attachments Precepts
45 (124)
Mandates Warrants Judgements and Process whatsoever necessary to he had
or done touching or Concerning the Pleas Suits and Actions aforesaid
shall he summoned Done and Executed hy the Constables of the said Town
and Precincts thereof for the time being And We do hereby further
Ordain and Direct that all 3tx Indictments Writs Process Eeturns and
all Proceedings to be had on the said Crimes or Offences or any of them
or in or upon any of the said Pleas Suits or Actions or any of them and
also the Hecx)rds thereof shall be in the English Tongue and in Words
written at length and in a plain legible Hand. In Witness whereof the
said Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America have to
these Presents affixed their Common Seal the Twenty Sixth day of
September in the Ninth Year of the Eeign of our Sovereign Lord George
the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain Prance and Ireland
King Defender of the Paith and so forth And in the Year of our Lord
One Thousand seven Hundred and Thirty five
(129) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to the Eevd. Mr. Samuel Quincy
dated at Westminster the 10th. of October 1735
Sir
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
have Ordered me to acquaint You,that for good and sufficient Eeasons
they have thought proper to revoke the Authority granted by them to You
for performing the Duty of a Clergyman in the Town of Savannah, and
that they have granted a Licence to the Eevd. Mr. John Weslqy for the
said Purpose. You are therefore hereby required not to give any
46 (129)
Interruption to the said Eevd. Mr. John Wesley, or any Clergyman
assisting him in the performance of his fixisyz Duty.
I am
Sir
Your very humhle Servant.
(133) Copy of the Eevocation of Mr. Qaincys Authority to perform
divine Offices; and grant of the same to the Eeverend Mr. John
Wesley, dated the 10th of October 1735.
Know all Men by these Presents Eiat We The Trustees for
Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America for good and sufficient
Seasons Have revoked and by these Presents Do revoke all Power and
Authority by Us heretofore given to the Eeverend Mr. Samuel Quincy to
do and perform all Eeligious and Ecclesiastical Offices in the Colony
of Georgia aforesaid and Have authorized and in^jowered and by these
Presents do authorize and impower the Eeverend Mr. John Wesley in the
Eoom and stead of him the said Samuel Q,uincy to do and Perform all
Eeligious and Ecclesiastical Offices that shall be necessary for the
better Establishing and promoting the Christian Eeligxon in the said
Colony and all other the good Ends and purposes thereby intended
agreeable to the Laws of England and the Tenour of our Charter In
Witness whereof the said Trustees have to these Presents affixed their
Common Seal the Tenth Day of October in the Ninth Year of the Eeign of
our Soverign Lord George the Second by the Grace of God of Great
Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith and so forth And
47 (133)
in the Year of our Lord One Thousand seven hundred and lEhirty five,
^ Order of the said Trustees
Lenj: Martyn Sectary.
(137) Copy of a Letter from Mr. ^artyn to Lieutenant Governor
Eroughton dated at Westminster the 10th. of October I735
Sir
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
have received Copies of Tour several Letters to Capt. Patrick Mackay,
and to the Magistrates of Savannah relating to the Indian Trade and
th^ agree with You that such Disputes are not to be settled between
You and the Magistrates of Savannah, and do therefore refer You to the
Act lately ratified by His Majesty in Council Intitled An Act for
maintaining the Peace with the Indians in the Province of Georgia,
which the Trustees herewith transmit to You, and which they do not
doubt will give You entire Satisfaction, and prevent any future Mis
understanding on that head. I am
Sir
Your most Obedient Servant.
(I4l) 0opy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn To Capt. Patrick Mackay dated
at Westminster Octor, 10th. 1735
Sir
48 (141)
Whereas the Trustees for Estshlishing the Colony of Georgia in
America en^loyed You in their Service to settle a Port in the Indian
Conntry and to keep up a good Correspondence with all the Nations in
Alliance with the King of Great Britain, and thereby secure the tranquality not only of Georgia but also of South Carolina.
The Trustees, always desirous of cultivating a good Correspon
dence with the People of South Carolina, have found that Your behaviour
hath occasioned a general Dissatisfaction in that Colony: And as they
have many Obligations to South Carolina they will not continue in their
Service a Person so obnoxious; They do therefore hereby discharge You
from the said Service.
The Trustees are vdry sorry to find there is a Complaint against
You from the Govr. of St. Augustine as having in time of full Peace
between the King of Great Britain, and the King of Spain, incited the
Indians to kill the Sub,jects of his Catholick Majesty; the Trustees
think it their Duty in execution of the great Trust reposed in them by
His Majesty to inquire with the utmost Strictness into the truth of the
said Pact and they hope You may be able clearly to prove Your Inno
cence.
I am
Sir
Yotir very humble Servant.
(149) Copy of a Letter from Mr, Prancis Harbin to Mr. Verelst dated at
Amsterdam 21st. October 1735* 0* S.
Sir
49 (149)
It gives nse much Uneesiness that I cannot yet assure You whether
I shall compleat ny Commission or not. Last Saturday I might have had
more Men than I wanted, provisos, I would as the East and West India
Compnnyg do here (vizt.) clear the Debts they owed here, and then the
Persons would he hound for Seven Years; But You know I had neither
Instructions nor Ability to do it. Yesterd^ I might also have had
pretty near the Humher of Men required, hut on Examination they were
all a>mans, consequently contrary to ny Instructions. In ny Letter of
the l4th. instant from this place I acquainted You that I was informed
I must have Leave from the Lords of this City to engage any Persons,
which is too true; But as that is hut a trivial Expence, though
attended with much Trouble, I shall not mind it. In ny next I hope to
give You an Account that I have Surmounted all Difficulties. Please to
present ny Duty to the Honhle. Trustees.
I am
Sir
Your humble Servant
(185) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Van Reck to Mr. Verelst dated at
Eatishonne 8th. Novr. 1735*
Oct. 29
Monsieur (Written in French, so not copied.)
50 (193)
Copy of a Petition to the King for an Instruction to Carolina not to
p'mit the Punning out Lands to the South of Alatamaha 1? Novr, 1735
To the Kings most Excellent Majesty
The humhle Petition of the Trustees for
Estahlishing the Colony of Georgia in America.
Humhly She%?eth
That Your Petitioners are well informed that Endeavours are
using to obtain from the Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina ^
Grants of Lands to the South of the Eiver of Alatamaha and being
Apprehensive that ai' Atteij^jt of making such Settlements will neces
sarily involve both the Provinces of Carolina and Georgia in a War with
our Indian and other Nei^bours.
Therefore from a Just Concern for the Welfare of our Infant
Settlement as well as that of Carolina We become humble Petitioners to
Yotir Majesty that Tour Lieutt. Governor or Governors for the time
being of South Carolina may be strictly enjoyned by an Instruction from
yotir Majesty not to permit the Punning out of any Lands or making any
such Grants to the South end of the Eiver Alatamaha.
And Totxt Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c
L S
(197) Extract of a Letter from his Excellency Mr. Walpole to Lord
Harrington Hague ?0th. of Hovember H. S. 173^
19
51 (197)
Ihere are fifty Femilys of Protestant Swizzers come to Rotterdam
out of the Canton of Ztirich, with a Design to go over to England and to
he from thence transported to the English Plantations, and I dont hear
that they have had any partictilar Invitation or made any Agreement with
any body for that Voyage, and they are destitute of all Suhsistance and
Means, besides their own Craft and Industry, to get their Living or to
carry them forward. I have been spoken to about them, but as I have
no Orders upon this head, I have absolutely refused to concern my
self any ways in the Affair, In the mean time I find., they are at
present supported by the Charity of the Magistrates and Btir^ers of
Rotterdam, and as they are determined not to continue here, but by a
sort of Enthusiasm seem resolved to proceed to the West Indies, and as
they have since their Arrival very much ingratiated themselves into the
Good Will of this People, I am told, that a Collection will privately be
made for them to enable them to transport themselves into England, with
which I thought fit to acq.uaint Your Lordship, that it may be considered
what is to be done with them upon their Arrival there. I am.
Sr.
Your Eonours Most Humble
and Obedient Servant.
(201) Copy of a Letter from Lord Harrington to the Trustees dated 26th.
of Hovember 173^.
Gentlemen
You have inclosed herewith an Extract of a Letter which I have
52 (201)
Eeceived from His Majesty*s Ambassador at the Hague relating to a
mimber of Swiss Femilys who are coming over hither in Order to proceed
to the West Indies. Tou will Please to acquaint me, for his Majestys
Information, whether You have any Intention of Conveying these People
to the Colony of Georgia that in case You have not any thou^ts of that
kind, the King may Consider in time what may be proper to be done with
them upon their Arrival in this Kingdom.
I am
Gentlemen
Tour most Humble Servant.
Harrington.
(205) Extracts of a Letter from Mr, Verelst to James Oglethorpe Esqr.
dated at V/estminster Hovember the 26th. 1735
The Annual Accompt ending the 9th. of June last has been approved
of in Common Council, end Mr. Vernon haa been so kind to undertake the
knov/ing Ld. Chancellor and the Master of the Holies Hkia: Pleasure when
they Will be attended therewith after which It will be immediately
Printed, & I shall send You a proper Number for Carolina, to do the
Province and Inhabitants Justice in making their Assistances Publick.
I received a Letter from Mr. Miller at Chelsea with a Tub of
Madder Hoots, and the Bamboo Cane wch. come to You by Captain Thomson,
to whom Mr. Tower has given particular Instructions for the Care of the
Bamboo Cane And Mr. Miller acquaints me that Ld. Derby Ld. Petre and
Sir Hans Sloane had agreed to continue their Subscription for Botany
53 (205)
^ and Agriculttire One Yeax longer That the Botanist may have time to
get his things Settled in Georgia from his Nxirsery in ifmnciK Jamaica
and that Mr. Miller Intends to desire the same of the Duke of Eichmond.
With respect to the Trustees present Stock f, The Ballance in
Ih.
the Bank "besides the 4000. ^propriated for the Georgia Bills is
I 5877:7:0 whereof L 807:7:10 "being for particular Uses reduces the
same to 5,069:19:2 Hrj^. Heathcote has in his hands L 666:15:5:
but that will not Answer the Demands yet Outstanding Altho they are
broT:ight to a narrow Coapass. Yet for safety (206) sake It will not be
adviseable to think of more than L 4000 for the Colony besides the
L
^ Xi 5000 in Bills &c with You making in the whole 9000. for the Service
abroad, until a further Supply can be had from Parliament which neetw
the 15th. of January next.
Inclosed You receive an Authority for the Eevd, Mr. John MacLeod
to perform Ecclesiastical Offices in Georgia, He comes over with the
Scotch.
(213) Copy of a Letter from Mr. "Verelst to James Oglethorpe Isqr.
dated at Westmr. 6th. December 1735*
Sir
Mr, Vernon whom I had the Honour to dine with to-day gave me a
Letter from Mr, Quincy dated 28th. August 1735* wherein he desires
Leave to return to England in March next and that the Trustees would
provide a Successor in his Room, which Letter takes of all Occasions
for Recalling Mr. Quincy since it is his own Desire. Which Desire You
54 (213)
need not doutt tut the Trustees when they meet next Wednesday will
readily acquiesce in. And give them Occasion to apply to the Society
for Propagating the Gospel who meet on friday the 19th instant; That
the Salary may he given to Mr. John Wesley whom the Trustees appointed
to he Mr. Quincys Successor.
I am glad to have the Opportunity of giving you this pleasing
accot. and to give You Joy of a Northerly Wind, which I hope will
continue to Your help and the Satisfaction of all Yotir Friends. I am
Sir
Your most Obedient humhle Servant
(225) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Lieut. Governor Broughton
dated at Westminster January the 2d: 1735
Sir
The Eight Honhle. The lari of Egmont having communicated to the
Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America Your Letter
to his Lordshp. of October last, together with a memorial of severs!
Merchts. of Charles Town concerning the Indian Trade, the Affidavits
of several Traders to the Creek Nations, and also Copies of two Letters
from the Governor of St. Augustine, and one from the Commandant of
Mobille relating to the Conduct of Captn. Patrick Mackay; !Hie Trustees
have taken the same into Consideration, and they have ordered me to
acquaint You that it do*s not appear to them that the said Patrick
Mackay himself claims to have acted under any Commission or Instruc
tions relating to Trade, but what were given him by His Excellency
55 (225)
Robert Johnson Esqr. late Governor of South Carolina which Commission
and Instructions not having heen produced to the Trustees they leave
the said Patrick Mackay to answer for his Conduct therein to those from
whom they issued.
The Trustees find the Commission & Instructions given to the
said Patrick Mackay hy James Oglethorpe Esqr. relate only to the
building of a fort in the Indian Country, and the Command of a Cos^any
in Garrison there. They have given Instructions to Mr. Oglethorpe to
inquire into the several Crimes laid to his Charge, And on Proof of any
such as Cognizable hy them, they will take care that such Punishment
shall he inflicted on him ajs ah he shall appear to deserve And they
hope that no Mishehaviour of his (which will never receive any Coxuatenance from them) shall give Interruption to the friendly and (226)
generous Assistance given to their Infant Colony hy the Province of
South Caroline.
The Trustees being justly sensible of the ill Consequences that
would unavoidably happen to the Provinces of South Carolina and Georgia
on a Rupture with the Erench and Spaniards, have all along given such
Instructions to their Magistrates and Officers as tend most to cultivate
a friendship good Understanding with them, and hope they need not
assure You, that it is with the utmost Grief and Concern, that they hear
of the Murder committed on a Spaniard by Licka As soon as that fact
came to their knowledge (Which was previous to the Receipt of Your
Letter) they immediately gave Directions that a Strict Inquiry should
be made after the Offenders, in Order for their Punishment and sent
Letter by Mr. Oglethorpe of which the Inclosed is a Copy) to dismiss
the said Patrick Mackay from their Service.
56 (226)
As to the Militia of the Province of Georgia The Trustees, not
iiaagining they shoTild have People in Georgia b? capable of Sx Commanding
in Chief, desired, that in their Charter, on all extraordinary Cases
where a Commander in Chief of the Militia of both Provinces should be
necessary to take the field; To have that Command placed in the
Governor of South Carolina for the time being for the common safety of
two Provinces so closely united. But in all Ordinary (Jases, the
CoEimand of the Militia by the Antecedent Clause in their Charter is
placed in the Trustees, and such Person or Persons as they shall
gppoint and therefore it is not without the utmost concern, that the
Trustees Observe the Order You was pleased to send to the Militia in
Georgia and cannot but reflect with great uneasiness on the ill Conse
quences that might have attended the Execution tnereof, which so
directly tended to the Disolation of Civil Government, Md might have
even uroved of the greatest ill Consequence to Cs-rolina itself, (527)
if (Which was then expected) a Rupture between Great Britain Prance and
Spain had happend.
The Trustees have inclosed with this their Annus-l Accot. from
the 9th. of J\jne 173^ to the 9th. of June 1735, Which was (pursuant to
their Instructions in their Charter) lately delivered to the Rt. Honour
able the Lord Hi^ Chancellor, and the Master of the Rolls; By which
Accot. You will see Sr. the just Sense the Trustees have of the
Obligations which sk the Colony of Georgia has received from the
Province of South Carolina; and their Desire to perpetuate the Remem
brance of the same.
I am
Sir
Yoxir most Obedient
most humble Servant
57 (229)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. RoLt. Millar dated at West
minster the 2d. of January 1735*
Sir
5Dhe Trustees received Your Letters dated the 20th. June and 27th.
of S^teiaber last. They hope thet You hsve by this time made Your
Voyage to Campeecby and La Vera Cruz; But if You have not That you would
with all Expedition proceed thereon. And on Your Return to Jamaica,
You are to take the first Opportxinity to Transport Yourself, and the
plants and other things collected by You, to the Colony of Georgia in
America Mr. Oglethorpe being Sailed from England for that Colony.
You axe therefore to joyn Hr. Oglethorpe in Georgia, and receive
his Directions concerning Your Conduct there, and the Care of the said
Plants, & other things so Collected, And to send a Letter to the
Trustees on Your leaving Jamaica, together with ^n Acconpt of the
Collections You have made, and are taking with You to Georgia.
I am
Sir
Yor. Most humble Servant.
(233) Extracts of a Letter from Mr. Vdrelst to Mr. Oglethorpe dated
at Westminster the 9th. of January 1735*
Lieutenant Governor Broughton sent a Letter to the Earl of
Egmont, together with Copys of A Memorial of several Merchants in
Charles Town concerning the Indian Trade, of Affidavits of several
58 (233)
Indian Traders and of Letters from the Governors of St. Avigastine and
Commandant at Mohille concerning the Conduct of Capt. Patrick Mackay.
All which the Earl of Egmont laid "before the Trustees; And at the same
time the Lords of Trade sent to the Ttustees to desire a Conference on
the like Papers sent thfem "by the said Lieutenant Governor; whereupon
the said Trustees desired Mr. Hicks and Mr. Laroche to acquaint the
Lords of Trade of the Said Letter and Ps^ers the Trustees had received
and of their being referred to a Committee for Consideration and the
preparing the Trustees Answer to the Lieutenant Governor; And that the
Lords of Trade should be acquainted with the Trustees Sentiments
thereon.
Which Committee having mett and maturely Considered the said
Letter and Papers; They Settled the Trustees Answer to the Lieutenant
Governor; And the Earl of Egmont and Mr. Vernon acqtiainted the Lords of
Trade with the Substance thereof, who very much approved of the
Trustees thou^ts thereon.
(237) Copy of a Memorial of the Trustees to the Incorporated Society,
for Propogating the Gospel in foreign Parts, for continuing the
L 50 they allowed Mr. Quincy to Mr. John Wesley, dated the
12th. of January 1735/6.
To the Incorporated Society for Propagating the Gospel in
Foreign Parts.
The Memorial of the Trustees for establishing the
Colony of Georgia in America.
59 (237)
Sheweth..
Whereas the Incorporated Society upon a Memorial from the
Trustees had out of a regard to the Propagation of the Gospell allotted
fifty Pounds a Year for a Missionary to the Colony of Georgia in
America and were pleased at the Request end Recommendation of the said
Trustees to Give the same to the Reverend Mr. Samuel Q,ulncy who was
authorized by the said Trustees to perform all Religious and Ecclesiasti
cal Offices in the said Province of Georgia. And Whereas the said
Reverend Mr. Samuel Qplncy has by Letters Certified to the said
Trustees, That he is desirous of leaving the Colony of Georgia and
returning home to England in the Month of March next; To which they
have agreed.
The said Trustees therefore Recommend the Revd. Mr, John Wesley
to the Incorporated Society; To have the said fifty pounds a year
allowed to him from the time the said Revd. Mr. Samuel Quincy shall
leave the said Colony; In the same manner as the said Mr. (^ncy had.
Signed by Order of the said Trustees
the twelfth day of January 1735*
Ben^; Martyn Sectary.
L S
(24l) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Messrs. Jenys and Baker
D8,ted at Westminster 13th. Janry. 1735*
Gentlemen
The Trustees received your Letters, Acconpts Currant, and
60 (241)
Accoupts of the Duty on Hum very properly, made out and Certified to the
^ 1st. March 1734.
Ihey also received your Letter dated 29th. October 1735 with
your Accoirpt Ci3rraat & Accots. of the Duty on Rum therein mentioned.
And they have directed me to acquaint You of their Approbation of the
Method of the said Acconn)ts, and how much they are obliged to You for
the Trouble You give yo'or Selves for the Trust.
Ur, Oglethorpe (after a fisxkk Detention of near two months, and
for the most part by contrary Winds) Sailed for Georgia the 10th. of
the last month; And having given a fine Stone Horse to the Trustees,
They have sent him over by the vsy of Charles Town; As also Two Cases
(one of them being a very small one) directed to Mr. Oglethorpe to the
Care of Paul Jenys Esqr. and for which I have inclosed Captn. Piercy's
Bill of Lading consigned to You. Mr. Oglethorpe desired that the
Freight might be paid at Charles To^m to excite a proper Care for
preserving the Horse in the Voyage, and it is Settled at L 10 Sterling
and L 0:10:0 Sterling besides for the Captain's Primage, which You are
desired to pay, and which Mr. Oglethorpe on the Trust Accoirpt will
repay You; As also such further (242) Expence in keeping the Horse till
his Orders come to You for the Delivery of him, end the two Cases
directed as aforesaid.
I am
Gentlemen
Your most Obedient and
most humble Servant
I beg the favour of your Accoapt of the other Payments for the
Trustees which have been made good to You by Bill or Bills on them
61 (242)
since that of Mr. Causton*s Draft on You Ho. 3^ to Samel Lacey for
It
700. Currency, which, is the last Article in your Accompt to April
1735.
(245) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Oglethorpe dated at
Westminster the l6th. Jamiary 1735
Sir
35x6 Common Council met to day and Mr. Vernon acquainted the
Trust that the Incorporated Society had agreed to allow to the Reverend
^^r. John Wesley the L 50 a Year they had allowed to Mr. Quincy to
commence from the time that the said Mr. Quincys Sallary shall deter
mine by his leaving the Colony in March next; And that they would
contimxe the said L 50 a Year until the Trustees shall he able to
maintain their own Minister, and recommended to the Trustees to do that
as soon as they can
Whereupon the Common Council agreed to appoint a Committee to
consider of a proper Method to raise a Provision for the Maintenance
of a Minister in Georgia
On mentioning the Bill Mr. Chardon drew of L 300 tfee 26th. June
1735 and his Accot. now seat to 25th. October follg. wherein he Charges
him self with the said Bill. The Common Council finding the Trust Dr.
to Mr. Chardon (without accepting and paying that L 3OO Bill) the sum
of I 192:9510 on the said 25th. October 1735* as You will see by the
Inclosed Copy of Ms Accot. They desire You will settleji with him all
his Accots. and pay him the Ballance; and therefore have Agreed not to
62 (245)
pay tlie said i JOO Bill, wMcli I have wrote him word of
Mr. Peregrine Fury having requested that the Money due to him
from the Province of South Carolina might be paid to the use of the
Colony of Georgia for Bills (246) on the Trust payable to him here.
The Common Council Eesolved that You be desired to receive of the
Qfreasurer or Committee of Correspondence of the Province of South
Carolina the Money which is or shall be due to Peregrine Fury Esqr.
Agent for the said Province; And that You do draw from time to time on
the Trustees payable to the said Peregrine Fury or order in London
thirty Days after Sight for each Value received by You of the said
Province for the said Mr. Fury giving the Trustees a Letter of Advice
of and with each Bill so to be drawn
The Common Council having been acquainted with the Opinions of
Sr. John Barnard and Col. R^ond concerning the Question arising on
the time of Demorage Ceasing for the Ships Simond and London Merchant
detained at Cowes They came to the followixig Resolution; That the said
Demorage Claimed by the Owners of the said Ships from the 1st. Hoveraber
1735. to the 10th. of Deer, following and the Victualling of the
Passengers on board the said Ships for that time be allowed and paid.
Mr. Bradley having gott two more Servants which he brings over
with him Applied to the Common Council for the Loan of Thirty Guineas
to defray the Charge of them, he taking them at his own Bxpence, and
also to defray some other Charges on him, and having proposed to Repay
the same out of the sale of his Pearl Ashes at Godalraing which Col.
Cecil's Servant was to sell for him. To which the Common Council have
agreed and I have paid it him accordingly and taken his Draft on Col.
63 (246)
Cecil for the same to he paid when received hy his said Servant; the
colonel having agreed to pay the Same when so received.
Dr. Bundy presented from Mrs. Easelfoot a Petition on hehalf of
her Eushand in Georgia, praying (24?) Leave to surrender his Town Lot
to such Person not having Land in Georgia, who will rae-ke him a Satis
faction for his lB5)rovements thereon; And to have one hundred and fifty
Acres set Out together as near as may he to some Eiver or Island under
the Grant made to him the 27th. of February 1733 notwithstanding he had
not Carried over the three Servants required of him within the Year
limited for that purpose; and to have the Loan of two Servants to make
up with the Servant he has in Georgia the ITumher so required hy the
said Grant
>wkt if TftiiTwwwa-^wx On Heading which
Petition the Common Council Apprehending That the Town Lot Mr, Easelfoot has been Inproving has not been conveyed to him hy reason that
the time limited for the Trustees in the Trust Grant to Convey fifty
Acres Lots at Savannah estpired before Mr. Easelfoot left England. They
came to the following Eesolution That if the said Town Lot has been
Conveyed to him he shall have leave to surrender the same But if not
conveyed to him In Consideration of his Ii^rovements thereon the Trus
tees will grant the same to such Person not having Lands in Georgia as
shall make him Satisfaction for his said Improvements and tha.t the One
hundred and Fifty Acres Granted to him the 27th. Febry. 1733 4e set out
together according to the Prayer of the said Petition on his Surrendring
his Town Lot if already Conveyed to him and that if there are any
Servants undisposed of in Georgia You be desired to let him have the
64 (24?)
Loan of two Servants upon the usual Conditions.
The Articles with Mr. Bradley passed the Seal to day he brings
them over with him; as Also his Grant.
I am
Sir
Your most Obedient Servant
I have sent with the Horse a Curry Comb and Brush a Card and a main
Comb with Spttnges & an Hair Cloth
(249) Copy of a Grant of 3OO. Acres for Religious Uses in Savannah
dated the 31st. day of March 173^
This Indenture made the Thirty first Day of March in the Ninth
Year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George the Second by the Grace
of God of Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith
and so forth And in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand seven hundred and
Thirty six. BeWeen the Trustees for establishing the Colony of
Georgia in America of the one pait and Thomas Causton first Bailiff
Henry Parker second Bailiff end Thoma,s Christie Recorder of the Town
of Savannah in Georgia aforesaid and John West of the same Place
Blacksmith of the other Pert Witnesseth Th8,t in pursuance and
Execution of the Resolution of the Common Council of the said Trustees
of the Twenty sixth day of February One Thousand seven hundred and
Thirty five for Setting out and Cultivating Lands for the Religious
Uses of the said Colony with s-uch Moneys as had been or should be
received for the said Uses They the said Tiustees for establishing the
65 (249)
Colony of Georgia in America H8;ve Given and Granted And by these
Presents Do Give and Grant unto them the said Thomas Causton Henry
Parker Thomas Christie and John West and to the Survivors and Survivor
of them Three hundred Acres of Land lying and being in the Province of
Georgia, in America being (250) Part and Parcel of the Lands which his
Majesty graciously granted to the said Ti*ustees by His Letters Patent
bearing Date the Hinth Day of June One Thousand Seven Hundred and
Thirty two The said Three Hundred Acres to be set out limitted and
bounded in such manner and in such part or parts of the said Province
as shall be thought most convenient by jt James Oglethorpe Esqr. of
Westbrook Place in the County of Surry one of the said Common Council
(Reserved and always excepted out of this Grant in Case the said Three
Hundred Acres shall be set out by the Side of any River Two Hundred
Feet of ground to be measured in breadth from the Banks of such River
along by the Side thereof the same to be for towing Paths and for such
other Purposes as shall by the said Common Council be directed and
appointed for the better Carrying on the Navigation and Fishing of such
River) To ha.ve and to hold the said Three Hundred Acres of Land to
them the said Thomas Causton Henry Parker Thomas Christie and John
West and the Survivors or S-urvivor of them for and during the good will
PleasTore of the said Common Council and until some other Grant or
Grants shall be made of the said Three Hundred Acres of Land to some
other Person or Persons by the Common Council for the time being of the
said Trustees in the Room and stead of them the said Thomas Causton
Henry Parker Thomas Christie and John West or any of them In Trust to
for the Uses Intents and Purposes herein after mentioned and
66 (25)
expressed (thst is to say) That they the said Thomas Causton Henry
Parker Thomas Christie and John West shall improve and Cultivate the
said three (251) hundred Acres of Land or cause the same to he improved
& Cultivated by all such ways and means as they or the major part of
them shall think best according to such Orders and Directions as shall
from time to time be given them by the Common Council of the said
Trustees And also that they the said Thomas Causton Henry Parker
Thomas Christie and John West shall tahe the best care they can of the
several Produces of the said Land and shall every six Months send over
to the Common Council of the said Trustees a true end exact Accompt of
the moneys they shall have laid out the work that shall have been done
end the Produces that shall have been raised on the said Lands and
also shall and will from time to time apply the same to and for the
Religious Uses of this Colony in such manner as the said Common Council
or the Major part of such of them as shall be for that Puipose sstenklA
assembled shall think fit and proper And the said Thomas Causton
Henry Parker Thomas Christie and John West by these Presents for
themselves severally and respectively and for their several and
respective Heirs Sxecutors and Administrators and not jointly or the
one for the other of them nor for the Heirs Executors or Administrators
of the other do Covenant Promise and agree to and with the said Trustees
for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America and their Successors
That they and every of them shall and will from time to time according
to the best of their Skill and knowledge duly (252) and faithfully
Execute the Trust in them hereby reposed And also shall and will at
all times Obey and Perform all such Orders and Directions as shall
67 (252)
from time to time be given them by the said Common Council or the
Major Part of them for that Purpose assemblied touching the Executing
the Trust hereby in them reposed In Witness whereof the said Common
Council of the said Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in
America have to these Presents affixed the Common Seal of the Corpora
tion of the said Tnxstees and the said Thomas Causton ' Henrs Parker
Thomas Christie and John West have to another part thereof severally
set their Hands and Seals the Day and Year first above written.
(253) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Oglethorpe dated at
Westminster April the 1st. 1736.
Sir
Before the Arrival of Your Letters dated February 1st. the
on
Trustees had/ijt Eebry. the 26th. presented their Petition to the
Parliament for a Supply which they had great Season to beleive would
have been strongly opposed; had it not been for the Detention of the
Ships at Cowes, which f-urnished the Trustees with an Occasion to insert
a Paragraph relating to it in their Petition (a Copy of which is here
inclosed to Ypu) and thereby moved the Coii5)assion of the House to give
the People another Years Subsistence,
The Trustees find that two Years Provisions will be necessary
for f four Hundred and Mnety Persons of the new Settlers that lately
went over with You; And they are so sensible of the Misery which the
People must suffer without proper Subsistance as you he^ve mentioned in
your Letters, that they think it the first Care upon their Hands and
68 (253)
have thought proper ths,t every other Consideration should give wsy to
Ih.
the Maintenance of them. Since the Parliament have given "but 10,000,
i
tho' the Ti^Lstees made a Calculation that required 20,000, as you will
see hy the Copy of it which is herewith sent to You.
As the Money now Granted is so small a Sian that it will only
enable the Trustees to subsist the new Settlers, and those of the Old
ones remaining upon the Stores; They are of Opinion that the new
Settlement, which was designed to be upon the Alatamaha cannot be
thought of without a further Supply from Parliament, of which there is
not only (25^) no Assurance but a Certainty of an Opposition; And
consequently, that all those Eacpences end Charges thet are relative to
the new Settlement must for the Present be laid aside. Yizt.
The Charges of fifty Bangers or Forresters on Horseback to drive
up the Cattle, kill Deer, and keep open the Communications
The Charges of one hundred Working Men to Cut Hoads, and
fortify, excepting some few that may be necessary to open to open the
Communications between Savannah and Ogeeche in Case You shall think it
more Expedient to establish the new Settlers upon the Ogeeche than the
Savannah
As the Trustees are so confined in their Ejcpences they think it
will be proper to dispose of three ten Oar'd Boats that were bought for
the designed Settlement at the Alatamaha to prevent their rotting
unless you find an Absolute Occasion for them
The Settlement on the Alatamsha being laid aside, f. The Trustees
Sr. think there will be no Occasion for further Presents to the Indians
for purchasing Laud from them and to Obtain their Consent for Settling
69 (2^)
tiLem And as the Indians ha ve already agreed to settling on the
Ogeeche, the Trustees leave it to Your Judgement to dispose of those
Presents which You took v;ith You either in presents to them, or for the
/ use of the Colony as You shall see proper.
As there are already more People than the Trustees know well how
to sigjport they cannot think of sending any more on the Charity without
further Supplies from Pailiament therefore no Agents for engaging Men
from Switzerland and Germany can "be ei^loyed. (255)
Sir
The Trustees are very much concerned that so good a Design as
fortifying the Southern Frontier of the Province has not keen ketter
hearkened to; But they will certainly use their kest Endeavours, during
the Interval of Pa liament to make the Ministiy attend to the Impor
tance of rekuilding the Fort at the Forks or upon some other Part of
the Banks of the Alatamaha Bocxshac as shall ke thought the most proper
for it, and ordering thither the Independent Company, which was granted
to South Carolina and is now in Carolina
The Trustees are inclined to keleive that the Disregard, which
has keen shewn to their Application has partly proceeded from an
Ass-ursnce of a General Peace keing estaklished in Europe, ky which the
Provinces may ke thought not to ke liakle to any immediate Insults from
either the French or Spaniards.
The Trustees have received an Accot. from Mr. Causton dated
Janry. 20th 1735/6 of an Uneasiness among the Indians, Occasioned ky
their Apprehensions of their Lands keing taken away from them on the
Alatamaha. ky Violence; But as You Sr. keing upon the Spot will have a
70 (255)
ftiller Accotint & better Information of this, the Trustees hope for an
Accotint of it from You and have no doubt but ere this You have removed
their Uneasiness and put an end to their Suspicions.
The Trustees have heard with Pleasure from Mr. Causton that
Gapt. Bunba^r arrived safe with the Hi^lsnders on Janry. the 10th. as
did Gapt. Diamond in the Peter and James from Ireland and C^t. Dicker
in the Allen from Bristol They hope Sir you will lose no time in
bringing back the Highlanders and the (256) other People from the
Alatamaha to settle them where their Provisions may come cheaper to
them where they may be assisted by the neighbourhood of Savannah, and
contribute strongly to the Defence of it. Whereas on the Alatamaha
they will be left in too dangerous a Situation since the Trustees
cannot promise them selves to be able soon to send any more people to
support them.
Since the xsga Supplys from Parliament come with so much diffi
culty and there are but little hopes of any more the Trustees Sir
beleive that You will think it highly proper to oblige the People to
the Cultivation of their Lands with all possible speed and Industry as
having nothing else to depend on for their Subsistence.
The Trustees in order to ease You of the many Applications which
may be made to You from People, who are desirous of being continued
upon the Stores beyond the One Year Covenanted for, have sent their
Directions to Mr. Causton upon the same, and You will receive herewith
a Copy of the said Directions,
The Common Coxmcil of the Trustees have resolved Sr. that a
Catechist shall be established at the Tovm of Savannah; They desire
71 (256)
therefore that You will look out amon^ the People settled there a
proper Person for such Catechist to whom the Trustees may pay the Ten
po^lnds p Ann. paid in hy Mr. Burton from an unknown Benefactor, to he
continued for five Yeans, certain, or dxiring the Life of the said
Benefactor
I am
Sir
Your most Ohedt. humble Servant
(257) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Btr. Oglethorpe dated at
Westminster the 1st. of April I736
Sir
The Trustees have Ordered me to acquaint You that they have
taken into Consideration the several Resolutions made by them in rela
tion to the settling out and Cultivating Lends for the Religious Uses
of the Colony, And Observing that no Grant hath as Yet been made of any
Lands for the said Purposes, they resolved, in pursuance and in Execu
tion of the said former Resolutions that a Grant shoxild be made under
the Seal of the Corporation of Three h\mdred Acres of Land to certain
Trustees, to be appointed and from time to time to be Changed and
Altered as the Comion Council or the Major Part of such of them as shall
be for that purpose Assembled shall thinlc fit and proper; and that all
such Monies, as have been or shall be received for the Religious Uses of
the Colony shall be applied with all convenient Speed towards the
Cultivating and improving the said Three hundred Acres; And that the
72 (257)
neat Proceed arising from the Produce and Profits of the said Lands
shall he from time to time applied to the Beligious Uses of the Colony
in general only in such Manner as the said Common Council or the Major
part of such of them as shall he for that purpose assembled shall think
fit and proper.
Sr.
QJhe Grant is under the Seal and is transmitted to You with this
Letter; The Trustees desire You will Order the said three hundred Acres
to he forwith surveyed either together, or in Parcells, in the best
Spots of Land as yet unsurveyed in the Neighbourhood of the Town of
Savannah.
The Trustees have in hand for the Eeligious (258) Uses in
lb.
general 211:55^3/^ which is to applied to the cultivating of the seid
Three hundred Acres. They desire tkgmtprgx therefore You will give
Directions for the said Cultivation as far as the said Sum shall enable
them to proceed.
The Trustees have likewise in hand for Building the Church
L 486:13:^ and there is besides L 265:10 Subscribed to be paid one
lb.
Month after Demand, making in the whole 752:3:4; They desire Sr. You
will transmitt as soon as can be a Plan for the said Church, and an
Estimate of the E:^ence. In the mean time they recommend it to You
tha,t it should be a Brick Church and built Strong and in such a manner
that it may on any stidden Occasion serve for a Place of Defence; and
that the Church Yard should be inclosed with a. Pallisade and a Ditch.
I am
Sir
Your Most Obedient
humble Servant
73 (261)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Thomas Causton dated at Westminster
the 2d. April 1736
Sir
In my Last of the 4th of February 1735- I mentioned the Receipt
of Yo-ur Letter dated the 7th of Deer. 1735- and the Remain of Stores
taken the 1st. of Rovemher before. The Trustees (who have had no
Accompt of the Names and Numbers of Persons on the store since Lady
Day 1734) expected that such Remain would have been attended with a
List of Persons on the Store at that time. But as no such List has
been sent them they req\iire You wil send the Names of every Person who
have been put on the Store since Lady Day 1734. together with the
several times th?t each respective Person begun to be maintained by
the Store. And that You would also send them an Accompt of the Names
of every Person who have been rediiced in their Allowance from the
Store, or have been wholly struck off from having any Maintenance
from the Store since Lady Day 1734 together with the several times when
each respective Person was so reduced or struck off
The Trustees now send You positive Directions That no Person
whatsoever shall be continued on the Store after the Expiration of a
Years Maintenance without particular Order; unless in cases of absolute
Necessity. And were such Necessity shall require any further Continu
ance beyond the one Year Covenanted for; You are to send a particular
Accot. of the Persons Names and Circumstances which reqtiire it from
time to time by the first Opportunity That the Trustees themselves may
Judge of such Necessity and I am to acquaint You further That if the
Timstees shall find any Person (262) continued on the Store contrary to
74 (262)
these Directions, You will be Charged with the Earoence thereof and
Incurr their highest displeasure.
!Ehe Trustees have had no Accot. from You of the Eumber of Per
sons who have arrived in Georgia at their own Eicpence either from
Ens^land or other parts of Europe, or joined the Colony from any part
of America And as You know those that have been sent on the Charity,
the increa.sed Numbers at their own Expence may be Collected from the
several Places where they are settled or Inhabit in, and a List of them
made alphabetically. Such Accompt wo\ild be very satisfactory, not only
to know the Number of Inhabitants in the Province but also to satisfy
many inq^uirys after Masters and Servants said to be gone to Georgia
that may not be there, and when any Person shall leave the Colony,
The Trustees desire to be acquainted therewith; and of the tnj.e Occasion
of such Persons leaving the Colony, That they may be able to make such
Persons Conduct or Reason for so doing appear Satisfactory to those who
shall desire to be informed thereof
On the 13th. of last Month the Trustees received Your letter
dated the 8th. of December 1735 with the Duplicate of Mr. Bryans Accot.
Currant, in which Letter You give Advice of a Bill drawn that day in
lb,
favour of him for 200. which Bill hs,s been presented and will be paid
when due And in the same Letter You mention that You had drawn a Bill
lb.
of a former Date for 100. to Elisha Poster without saying of What Date
or that You had given another Advice. This Bill was dated the 24th. of
Octor. 1735. and protested; and had been returned to You, but for a
Merchant who paid it in Honour of the Bill, and to whom the Trtxst have
been Obliged to pay Interest for it, till they received Your said Letter
75 (263)
of the 8th, of Deer, which mentioned the Bill to have "been drawn,
Youx Letter dated the 20th. of Janry. 1735 advices of
Seven Bills drawn from 5th. ]ffovr, 1735* to the said 20th. of Janry.
has Been received. But notwithstanding such Letter mentioning seven
Bills together; Yet each Bill should have Been attended with a parti
cular Letter of Advice for 2 of the Bills in Your said Letter mentioned,
were presented long Before Yo\ir Letter was received; and had not this
Letter Been received Before they Became payaBle they would have Been
protested also,
Ihe Trustees at the same time received Your Cash Acconipts for
HovemBer and DecemBer 1735> sJ^d find that on the 1st. of Novr. 1735 You
IB. It.
have eSharged Your self with 7OO. Currency for the 100. Bill to Slisha
Foster dated 24 OctoBer 1735 and altho You say in Your Letter of the
IB.
8th. of DecemBer lEhat You have Accoted. for 30. Currency received of
him for the Course of Exchange more than the Value; Yet You have not
IB.
Charged Your self with the said 30. nor can the Course of Exchange Be
called more than the Value, By reason the Course of Exchange is the
real Value. And if aw other Bills have Been drawn By You for which
IB. 14^
You have received more than 700. Currency for 100. Sterling, as You
have had Opportunity enough for doing; without the difference has Been
answered to the Trust in the Price of things Bou^t You are required to
send an Accot. thereof and to Charge Yourself with such Difference; and
if You have not received more than 7 for 1 when the Course of Exchange
has Been more, nor had the same made good to the Trust in the Prices of
those things that have Been purchased; You ere to send a Reason for not
doing it.
76 (263)
The Trustees not having received Messr. Jenys and Bakers Accon5)t
with You cannot Examine Your (264) Drafts on them which You Charge Your
self with nor do the Trustees require to know hov they pay You Value
for the Bills you Draw in their favour; Except it is for Goods sold and
Delivered on particular Gases that require it, Eor the Trustees Charge
You with the Bills You draw on them, and not with your Drafts on
others who do not draw on the Trust. And therefore the Charge on You
Consists of the Bills You have drawn on the Trust, the Drafts You have
made on the following Persons who have Drawn Bills on the Trust, vizt.
Hr. Chardon and Mr. Eveleigh,
the Money or Orders on Carolina You have received of Mr. Oglethorpe;
and the Drafts on Messrs. Jenys and Baker out of the Duty on Bum or
Moneys otherwise Eec*d. But if you Continue to Charge Your Self with
the other Drafts on Messrs. Jenys and Baker You must send their Accots.
to be Examined at the same time or as soon as may be afterwards; and
also Enter in Your Gash Accoiiq)ts Your Bills drawn on the Trust in
their favour by way of Charge and discharge as a double Entry And if
You do so it may prove a more Satisfactory and clearer way for Examin
ing Your Transactions with Messrs. Jenys & Baker than without.
As to the several Sums You have Charged Yovr Self with in
December Accot. 1735 Page 54 taken from the Accots. Currant of Thomas
Gapen and 12 other Persons I desire Copys of those 13 Accompts Currant.
As to the Discharge part for the said two Months I have inclosed
You a List of those Articles which want Accompts of Particulars and
Explanations and described each particular Defect.
The Merchant who bought the Tarr You sent consigned to the
77 (264)
IPriistees when he came to Pay for it deducted 0:l6:6 for the Value of
three Barrels of Water drawn out of the Whole Barrels of Tarr which
added to the (265) L 38:l6;9 Sterling loss Produce from the Tarr than
the Freight and Charges amouated to which I acquainted You of in my
last Letter makes the same the Sum of Jkx^ L 39:13^3 which the Bounty
on the Tarr, if the same shall he received, is to make good to the
Trust.
I desire You will hasten Your Answers to all my former Querys,
and those I now send You on Your Cash Accompts; That I may he as early
as possible in my making up the ^Trustees Annual Accompt ending the 9*4.
of June next.
I am
Sir
Your Most hurahle Servt.
(273) My Lord.
Last Saturday I saw Mr. Simond who had a Letter from Mr. Purry
dated from lyhee Creek 15- March 1735* He writes word Mr. Oglethorpe
with the large Ships were returned from the Alatamaha for that they
could not Enter, That they were unloading into small Craft the
Passengers, & their Baggage & necessaries to send them to settle at
St. Simons on the Alatamaha, & then the said Ships will he discharged.
That Col. Bull was come from the Assembly of South Carolina with a
Deputation to congratulate Mr. Oglethorpe on his Arrival, & that the
Assembly have made large Promises of Assistance & Friendship.
78 (273)
Ehere is no Packet yet arrived from Mr. Oglethorpe, tho a
large one was sent, I expect it "by Captain Thomson. Mr. Charles
Wesley sent me a Letter with one inclosed to deliver for him to one
Mr. Hutton, & mentioned for reason that he was too late to send it ty
Mr. Oglethorpes Packet; which Letter is arrived hut the Packet not.
Mr. Hanhury is so kind as to desire my Company into Northanpton shire with him for two or three days, vihere I am going this morning
hut shall return on Monday next before the Board Day. I am
My Lord
Yr. Lordships Most Ohedt.
Servant
Harman Verelst
26. April 1736.
(277) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Oglethorpe dated at
Westminster May the 10th. I736.
Sir
The Trustees received a Letter from Messrs. Jenys & BaJcer dated
27th. Fehry. last giving Advice of their having drawn a Bill for
Ih.
L 3^2:17:2 Sterling Value of 2h00. Currency paid hy them the 10th. of
January last for Col. Bulls Bill on them dated 11th. December last to
Thomas Drayton Esqr. for Cattle bought of him for the use of the
Colony. Which Bill the Trustees have paid. I thought proper to
acquaint You thereof That You might take up Col. Bulls Bill & discharge
Messrs. Jenys & Baker for their Bill on the Trust, and Col. Bulls Bill
79 (277)
"by Mr. Draytons Accot, of Particulars and Receipt thereon, or a Dupli
cate thereof; to remain a Toucher with the Trustees.
On Wednesday last the Trustees received a Bill drawn by You for
lb. IT?.
100. da.ted at Tybee Road March last for 735* Currency received of
Richd. Woodward & Co. as p Advice; But no Advice is Yet received. I
observe Sir that the Bill is wrote by Mr. Causton who had reed.
Directions to draw no more Bills on the Trust but apply to You on any
Occasions; which Bill I suppose you signed at his request and that he
received the Value for Use at Savannah. If so please Sir to take
Vouchers from him for Your discharge; for his Accot. must be closed at
the time of Yo-ur Arrival with respect to Bills on the Trust drawn by
him. I ha.ve wrote to him to acquaint him therevdth & sent him all the
Querys made on his Accots. and hope for Speedy Answers together with
his last Accot. of Bills drawn to 3^* February 1735* sad the Discharge
thereto
(278) The Trustees being very desirous to put end End to the
drawing Bills on them; by introducing the Georgia Bills to be Issued
for the Occasions of the Colony; & sending more for the like purpose as
their Abilities will permit, are in hopes and earnestly recommend it
You that their Desires may be Accomplished, by the Issuing those Bills,
and not having occasion to draw on England, but rather to write for
such Value in those Bills as the necessary Occasions of the Colony shall
require and at the same time keep within the Coiapass of the Trustees
Abilitys to be sent over for Your Issuing or such other proper Person
or Persons of Integerity as You shall think adviseable to be intrusted
therewith, whose Ifeme or Uames if not Yourself the Trustees must know
fss 80 (278)
to fill up Bills to for that purpose and they desire to be guBquainted
of what Value or different Values the Bills most usefull ought to be
made.
I have Inclosed You Mr. Chardond Accot. Currant Stated from 25
June 1735 from his own Accots. sent to the Trust and Copys of his
Letter to me and mine on the Back thereof; On which State The Trustees
desire You will pay him the Ballance he answering the Querys and de
livering up all his Vouchers to You
I am
Sir
Your most humble Servant
(281) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Oglethorpe dated at
Westminster the 17th. of May 173^*
Sir
Since my last there are two other Bills come to hand dated the
3d. of March 1735 wrote by Mr. Ca-us ton and signed by You there are for
lb.
200. each the one to Paul Jenys Esqr. and Co. and the other to
Charles Furry for the first of them no Letter of Advice is received and
for the other Mr. Causton writes word he received it from You to defray
the necessary Sxpences of the Colony; and that the Letter of Advice of
that Bill was %#rote by Mr. Moore but he Omitted to get it signed by You
lb.
Mr. Catiston is Silent as to the 100. Bill to Eichard Woodward and Co.
lb
mentioned in my lest and the above 200. * Bill to Paul Jenys Esqr. and
Co. both of the 3d. of March altho the three Bills were wrote by himself;
81 (281)
Yotir Letters Ly Capt. Thomson are come to hand and to he laid before the
Tr-ust next Wednesday, they mention nothing of the said BiDls of the 3d.
of March which amotint to 500.^^' Sterling, But Yoiir Letter of the 28th.
of March gives advice of tv;o Bills to Robert lllis of the 27th. of
March; the one for 97* and the other for 100. * but of no other
Bills drawn by You.
Biere axe Several Georgia Bills of Exchange come to hand and are
to be Checqued this Morning. Mr, Solomon Merret who has some of them
was with me before he received them to know if in Case a Bill was lost
how Payment would be then made, I told him it would be paid in the same
manner as in the Case of a ^ank Mote lost; That is by a Proper descrip
tion thereof and Attestation (282) of their being Shipt end an Indempnity Given, he said he would acquaint his Correspondent Mr. Hill at
Charles Town of it and was pleased therewith for that would save the
Charge of Insuring the Bills to Englend. I understand that Freight
has been paid for the Georgia Bills sent to England, which I cannot
perceive any Occasion for, by reason if they are sent in Letters they
will come as safe as by the Captains signing a Bill of Lading for them;
for tho* they are to Bearer after Issued in Georgia, yet kc they must
be Checqued at the Office in England and marked there before Payment of
them; where all Mecessary Inquirys will be made relating to the Pro
perty of them in the Person who brings or sends them and there are 30
days after being Chequed before Payment, if doubts should arise of any
of them being not legally Possessed. This Care is certainly stifficient
to make them of equal Safety with Bills of Exchange And as their
Certainty of being paid will always exceed that of a Bill of Exchange;
82 (282)
ty reason of the money being reserved for Payment of them. !?he use and
Ease of them must conseq,uently soon appear, and I dont doubt and I
don't doubt but in time Applications may be made from Carolina, to have
their Eetvirns to England by this means for Value to be paid the Trust
for further Issues at an Allowance for such Eettirns. and if but at 1
p Cent it would defray the Charge; And by large Circulations the Trust
would gain.
Capt. Thomson is to ret-urn to Georgia the first of next month
with Some Passengers at their own Expence and the Saw Mill & Mill
wright; for the Ship intended to bring Servts. from Holland does not go
being to late in the Year for getting them
I rec'd. Your Letter dated the 17th. of March & will talse Care
of the Papers that were inclosed relating to the Saltzburghers.
I am
Sir.
Your most Obedt. homble Servt.
(285) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to the Et. Honble. Lord
Harrington dated at Westminster May the 19: 1736.
My Lord
The Trxistees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
have Ordered me to acquaint Your Lordship that they have received Your
Lordship's Commands with the Letter from his Excellency Mr. Walpole;
and the Memorial inclosed therewith; And they humbly desire Yoiir Lordship will lay before His Majesty the utter inabillity they are in to
PJ (285)
engage in any new Expence for the transporting of any more Foreigners
or others to Georgia; The whole of the Fund of what is already in
their hands, and what they are to receive from the late Grant in
Parliament "being far from sufficient to con^jleat the Settlements
already "began
I am
My Lord
Yotu* Lordships Most 0"bedient
and most humble Servant.
(289) May I736
To the Honourable the Comon Council for ye Colony of Georgia..
A Memorial in behalf of Me. Arthur Martin Gentleman & others who
on good EncoTiragement, are willing to transport themselves & many of
the poorer Sort along with them, as their Tenants, on their own
Charge.
The good opinion they have got of ye good Intentions of the
Trustees by their ec^jloying a Gentleman of Me. Oglethorpes Character to
inspect their Affairs there, has given them an inclination to settle in
that Colony rather than in any other, only they desire to have some
things explaind to them, wch. appear to be great difficulties agst.
any Bodys settling there of any Substance.
By a printed half sheet of paper, said to be publishd by Order
of the Trustees, the Grant of the fends is only to Heirs Male, this
1st.
m (289)
appears an tinsTinnotiiitable difficulty, for will any man possessd of
mony, leave his own Country, risque his health, & that of his family,
beStowe
by change of Climate, &/iKs!cajaE his mony in clearing the Ground &
in^roving it, without having a sure property for him & his Heirs
whatever? A mans daughter, & his female Eelations are as dear to him
as his Male Relations are; so this would be taking away ye most usefull
consequence of property; besides it would be a great discouragement
to Females going there, & all governments have in all ages taken
methods to induce them to come; and it*s well known that ye want of
women, has been the great cause of our Plantations not being so soon
peopled, as otherwise they must have been; & that women of abandond
Characters at home have frequently got good marriages at Virginia, for
want of women of a better sort, to the great discouragement of propaga
tion; and as no woman by this has any encouragement there, so no
father of a family will incline to settle where (290) he cant provide
for his daughters in that way, wch. is mot substantial, viz. in Land;
would not a wen be reckond unwise that should take his mony, wch. he
could bestowe with absolute security in the other plantations, or at
home, for his family, & employ it in xa^gtrandaa inq)roving grounds in
Georgia, wch. he can not be sure will remain with his Heirs; The argu
ments that I have heard for this, are, that the Situation requires a
military establishment, & women can not fight, but if they cant, their
Husbands & Tenants can, and the only way to make them want Husbands, is
to take their Estates from them, besides, put ye Case, a woman who has
no Husband is possessd of a good Estate, would she not be most willing
to maintain men for the defence of the Colony, of wch. her Estate was
85 (290)
part; besides its only in the Infancy of a Stete that this argument is
alledged to he good, & as people consider their property as a thing
perpetneJ, an argument drawn from the present situation will not answer
as a Rule for the disposal of property; And as the puhlick spirit wch.
shines thro* all Mr. Oglethorpes Actions makes people fond of being
under him, so if he lives hut a few Years that Colony will he populous;
and as it will he a trading Colony, a Constitution that is Gothic or
Military never can agree with it, as we see from many parallel
examples, & so that argument will lose its force. Its plain that a
man has hut had encouragement to venture his mony, where, tho* he may
he rich in Land, yet his daughters may all he Beggars, so that ye
Colony must lose twenty Inhahitants hy disoutrageing them to settle for
one they will gain hy this method: besides the more women the more
children horn in the Country, & one horn there is worth two inported,
because more likely to live: next I have heard it said, that notwith
standing this Regulation, the Trustees have declared they will always
have regard to ye daughters of a man who improvd the Lands; hut as no
(291) Body cares to have his Childrens bread depend on the Good will
or generosity of any Body, especially when this dependence regards a
property he has purchasd hy his Industry; so the present Trustees,
who, indeed, its plain have the good of mankind at heart, are not
immortal, and except it was to he certain, that their Successours were
to have their Spirit, & that they could always get such a man as Mr.
Oglethorpe to ej^>loy, (wch. is not probable) thai argument falls to ye
Ground. I have spoke with the more freedom upon this point, because I
am pers'uaded the Trustees will not take any thing amisse that is done
86 (291)
2d.
with no other view hut ye good of a Colony, wch. its hoped in time may
save us some hundred thousand Pounds, wch, every Year we send abroad for
Naval Stores, viz. Eaw Silk &c,
I am told tha.t by the Charter no man can have above five hundred
Acres, & its certainly right to take all methods to prevent any mans
engrossing great quantities of uncultivated land; for it is certain
tha.t great inconveniences have arisen in some other Colonies by
particular persons getting right to great quantities of land, & neither
in^roving it themselves, nor allowing others to do it; but I suppose
there is nothing to hinder a man*s inrproving as much Land as he pleases,
notwithstanding of that; for, put the Case that a man improves his 500
Acres, he can give ye property of it to other people, these people
being to pay him a certain Yearly duty out of it, as at present the
Copyhold Estates do in England, or if not in that manner, it might be
done in many other Shapes, so that ye first Improver would not be the
Proprietor, & ye Kent or duty paid out of it to ye first Improver
might be declared by the Trustees not to exceed a 3^* hth. or 5th, of
ye produce, or what proportion or Sum per Acre they thought fit, & the
doing this would not hinder him (292) from inqiroving 500 Acres more;
Its plain any man in Britain can take an Estate with ye Btirden of a
Mortgage, bearing t 50, t 100, or any othe Sum p ann. payable to ye
person who ha's ye mortgage, or wha^t in North Britain is calld an
Infeftment of annual Rent, & yet that person alone, & not the Mortgagee
is Proprietor, altho* tliab property will always be burthend with that
yearly duty, till payment of the Sum for wch. the said Mortgage was
granted, and as I presume the Trustees will take all ways to encourage
87 (292)
the iniprovement of as raoch ground as possible, so they will take no
methods that will discourage a man*s having a prospect of raising a
considerable family in the Country, wch. no man can have if he was not
at full liberty to improve as much Land as possible.-- I have
heard ye agrarian Law among ye Romans cited as a precedent for pre
venting a mans Land-Interest from being extensive, but its plain from
all the Roman Histories that ye Paralell will not hold, for what ye
Gracchi & the other Roman Patriots complaind of, was, that the
nobility & Great men engrossd the Lands, wch. was in the hands of
their own slaves, & that they would not farm it to ye Pree-Citizens, by
wch. the Romans who fought for their Country had no possessions in it,
but this argument has here no weight, for the Trustees have very
wisely debarrd Slaves & taken care that the Lands shall only be in ye
possession of our own people; this is ye more necessary, because it's
a Frontier Country, and I believe the other Plantations will follow
this Exan^le as they grow more populous; besides the complaint of Rome
was that many free Citizens cotild get no land at all, whilst others had
too much, now oirr complaint in America is not want of Land, but want of
Inhabitants. (293)
It appears that a man cant alienate his Land witho. consent of
the Triistees, & it seems so worded that a man could not give any of it
except to his Eldest Son, for he alone is his Heir Mgie; this seems
hard, & agst. ye nature of property, & must discourage people to settle,
nor can the alienation of property be any losse, if under wise regula
tions for if the Buyer lives in the Country this takes off any objec
tion to the Sale, by leaving ye Country deselate &c. and in general
88 (293)
4th.
all restrictions upon property seldom have the effect propos'd, for
they do more mischief one way than good another; Mr. Colhertj' that
great Man in France, observes that ye prohibiting ye S^cportation of
Corn in that Country, \>fithout permission, did, instead of making plenty,
wch. was the design of it, occasion great want, for the Uotion that they
had not the Choice of Mercats, discouraged tillage; besides, if in
after ages this Colony should fall into ye hands of Trustees not
possess'd of that publick spirit, the present Trustees possesse;
Licences to sell might be Barter'd in Change Alley, as we have seen
other things by the Managers of Companys, and a Proprietor might be
obliged to pay what they pleas'd for such Licence; I am far from thinicing it unreasonable that each Sale should bring in so much to ye
Trustees, this should be a Fund to be employ'd by them for the publick
good of the Colony, but I submit it to ye Trustees if it should not be
right, to declare th t there was no more to be paid, but what is paid,
in such Oases for Copy-hold Lands, to the Superio\ir, wch. I beleive is
a year's rent or Value of ye ^gncLs.
I wish that point was likewise explain'd, of people's not being
allow'd to leave the province witho. leave, a man's affairs may some
times make his le ving it necessary, besides, such a prohibition (294)
would increase the desire of leaving it, for nitiraur in vetitum. is an
old saying, & its natural to humane nature to hate confinement, besides
there seems to be no reason to apprehend a man will leave an improving
Estate in a fine country, who, of choice, liv'd in it when a wildernesse.
5th, No doubt the planting of Mxilberry trees & inclosing ye Land is
89 (29^)
good, & ought to he enforced hy e Law, xinder a penalty in case of
neglect, hut a mans grant or deed of Conveyance should he a single
Eight, for no body ceres to have forfeitures & conditions in the Eight
to their whole Estate; nor would any man incline that his Eight to his
Estate should depend upon any part of his hedge falling down, or that
his servants had planted two or three trees lesse than the fixd
numher; and altho* no body suspects the present Trustees capable of
taking advantages of this kind, yet there may come a Set of such
Trustees, in after times, when that Ground may he so improvd as to he
worth coveting, and I could give many examples in Charles 2d.s time, &
James 2d. time, of peoples losing their Estates upon more slenddr
pretences; & when it's easy to make a Law to enforce the thing as
effectually, it seems, with submission, right to make the Title a
plain simple Eight without such Conditions. I should likewise with
submission, think it would he right to allow people to keep 50 or 60
foot of Wood standing betwixt each Inclosure to protect against
Storms, & for necessary uses, for I have heard it said that the not
doing this begins to be felt as an inconveniency to other Colonys.
I should likewise wish to know if ye Trustees have any hopes of
obtaining Bounties on ye Iiiportatioas from ye Country, such as Wine,
Pot~ashes, Tarr, Eaw silk &c.
(295) P. S. Since writing ye above I have seen ye Charter, & observe
that it only provides that no above 500 acres shall be given off by the
Trustees, to one man, but there is nothing in it to hinder a man to
possesse ever so much, whether it come into his hands by Succession or
Sale, so thp-t there is no danger, from a man's possessing a greater
q-uantity.
90 (301)
Jxine 1736 Copy of an Inclosed Advertizement sent to So. Carolina to
"be published in the Gazette.
Georgia Office Westminster
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America
out of a due regard to Puhlick Credit, and for the sake of all Trading
Persons who Uegocia,te Bills of Exchange, do hereby give Notice; That
they have entirely put an End to the drawing of Bills of Exchange on
them But have made out, and shall continue to make out Sola Bills of
Exchange under their Coi^oration Seal in England to be issued in
Georgia by the Eonoijrable James Oglethorpe Esqr. for the Service of that
Colony; Eor the Payment kk whereof on their Return to this Office after
such Issue, sufficient Money is and always will be reserved in the Bank
of England. Which Bills are made out on Paper, with the Words Georgia
Bill in America wrought therein the Amoimts thereof Printed in old
print and in figures left white and under double Checques on both Sides
of the Paper, the one remaining in England the othbr in Georgia; And
all such Bills as presented to the Trust will be checqued and Marked
for payment when due. And no other but the said Sola Bills of Exchange
will be accepted or paid by them.
And they further give Notice That if any of their Sola Bills of
Exchange shall happen to be lost at Sea The person Claiming Payment of
such lost Bill, must produce a Certificate signed by the Register of
Georgia for the time being (if Shipped in Georgia) That he saw such
Bill delivered to the Captain of the Ship that w'as to have brou^t it.
Specifying the Date, Letter and Number, (302) the Value, the Day of
91 (302)
issuing thereof in Georgia & to whom Or if shipped in any other part
a like Certificate signed hy a Notary Puhlick must he produced. Which
with an Attestation of the said Loss, and of the Property, and a
Security being given to the Trust to Indempnify them therefrom; will
Intitle the Proprietor thereof, or his Agent, to Payment of the Value
for such lost Bill
Signed hy Order of the said Trustees
this Ninth day of June I736.
Benj; Martyn Sectary.
(305) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to the Rggaggiit Reverend Mr.
Bolzius dated at V7estminster the 10th. of June 1736*
Eevd. Sir
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia have
received from Mr. Oglethorpe Your Letter to him of March l6th. 1735-
And have taken the same into their serious Consideration and you will
see by their indulgence with what a Fatherly Eye they look on the
Saltzburghers, and how ready they are to grant whatever is reasonable
for them to ask.
The first Article of Your Petition to Mr. Oglethorpe, that the
Saltzburghers may work Six and Six in little Parties instead of Working
all together, the Trustees agree with ^^r. Oglethorpe in the Leave which
he gave that they might do so.
The second Article is that the Saltzbttrgers instead of building
immediately a Storehouse may build a good Hut for the Stores till the
92 (305)
planting Season is over, the Trustees concur with Mr. Oglethorpe in his
Licence for this also, hut hope at the same time, as he desired that
You will take Charge of the Stores which hy this the Trustees commit to
You and see that they ar-e not stolen out of the Hut, or any way imhezzled.
You desire afterwaxds that twenty Gardens on each Side of the
Town may not he reserved for the use of the Trust; Tho' this is a
method which the Trustees have Ordered to he constantly observed in
all their Settlements of Town Ships, yet that the Saltzhurghers may he
perfectly easy, and have their Gardens as close to one another as they
desire, the Trustees consent that there shall he no reserve of Trust
Lands on the Side of Ehenezer Creek where they are now settled.
(306) Here it may he proper to acquaint You, that the Trustees
observe in Letters w'hich they have seen from Mr- Van Reck to Mr. Ogle
thorpe tha,t he conq)lains that the Saltzhiirghers cannot make a Settle
ment where they are, without having Lands beyond the River Ehenezer.
These Lands Sir belong to the InO-ians, the Trustees have no Power to
grant them, therefore they are Surprized that Mr. Van Reck should have
cast a longing Eye on the said Lands, and doubt not Sir hut You informed
him out of Scripture that he ought not to covet his Rei^hours Goods.
The Trustees, Sir observe in Your Letter, that You are uneasy
that the People were assembled together in the Church, to hear the
Regulations v/hich the Trustees prescribe for their Conduct; You cannot
hut he sensible that the Trustees have by any offices of theirs a po\'rer
& Right in a proper time to convene the People in the Church upon any
Civil Occasion, And that the same Authority, which constitutes You to
93 (306)
u
Officiate in thst Place in Ecclesastical Affairs, ena,t)les any other
Person that is sent over with the Trustees Orders to act in Civil
Affairs
The Trustees thinh it absolutely necessary that v;hat Military
Orders Mr. Oglethorpe has given for the Security of Your Settlement
must he obeyed and that it is requisite that Watches should be strictly
kept on Sundays as v/ell as at other times. You cannot but know that in
an Infant Settlement, the most Constant and strictest Guard should be
kept against any Enemys, if ever they attack You it will be by Surprize,
and if they know there are any particular times when you are more
negligent in Your V7atch than othei s, they will (if they have any Dis
position to hurt You) take advantage of those times; and Eeligion as
well as Eature urges strongly Self Preservation and requires us to use
all just and htiman Means for our own Defence
The Trustees are surprized that Mr, Van Eeck should hire any
Soldiers, and expect fir. Causton should Pay (30?) for them; Mr. Van
Eeck has asstmed an Authority which the Trustees never gave him, and
they desire you will inform him, that levying Soldiers is by the Laws
of England Crimen lasa Majestatis, and that the Trustees expect he will
attenpt no such thing for the future.
The Trustees observe that Mr. Van Eeck disputed the Payment of
Pees to Mr. Jones the Surveyor for his Trouble in marking out the
Saltzburghers Lends The Trustees Ordered me to acqiiaint You that Mr.
Jones is intitled to his Pee, but the leave it to Mr. Oglethorpe to
settle the said Pee as low as possible the Trustees did not think it
necessary to inform Mr. Van Eeck what those Pees were, but Mr. Ogle
thorpe will inform You.
94 (307)
To make You and the Saltzhurghers as easy as possibly they can,
the Trustees have Ordered that Mr. Vat should he removed from among
the Saltzhurghers; Aad the Trustees have Ordered me to acqixaxnt You,
that they have sent You as an Acknowledgement for Your great Care of
the Saltzhurghers a Present in Apparel and a present to Mr, Gronau Your
fellow Lahoiirer.
' The Trustees are much concerned that the Saltzhur^ers have
suffered any hardships, hut they are surprized to find that any
temporal Sufferings should efface the Remembrance of those they
suffered in Religion in their Native Country They are sorry likewise
that many of them (as you say) left their good States they lived in by
the care of their good Benefactors in Germany, and if the Trustees had
knoivn the Goodness of their States they would not by any means have
taken them from them.
The Trustees have sent by this Ship a sufficient Quantity of
Iron Pots for the Saltzbur^ers, I am
Sir
Your most Obedient Servant,
(309) Extract of the Trustees Letter to Mr. Oglethorpe dated 10th,
June 1736 and signed by the Secretary.
The Trustees Sir apprehend that the true foundation of the
Saltzhurghers Uneaeiness was the badness of their Land at Ebenezer;
therefore since they are removed to the Red Bluff, and at their own
Desire, the Trustees consent to their being settled there; and hope
95 (309)
they will now he perfectly setisfied.
IThat thQ^ mey have no reaeonahle Gro-ond of Con^jlaint, the
Trustees have considered the different Articles of Mr. Eolziuss
Petition to You, and they entirely s^ee with whet You wrote to Mr.
Eolzius, that the Sadtzhurghers may work Six hy Six in Parties instead
of working all together; And with respect to the Storehouse, the
Trustees are likewise satisfied with their building a Hutt for the
puhlick Stores till after Planting time, Mr. Eolzius being ansvrerable
for the Stores.
As to the Grievance which Mr. Eolzius complains of, Vizt. Twenty
Gardens being reserved on each Side of the Town for the Trust; ^ The
Trustees are willing to indulge them in removing of this likewise; for
from the Notice which they take of the particular Situation of the
Saltzbtirgher's new Settlement, they are of opinion, that there should
be no Reserve of Trust Lands on this Side of the Ebenezer Creek and the
Eiver Savannah (by which the Settlement is boxnaded and too much Con
find) till all the Lots for the Saltzburghers at present settling in
the said Town shall be run out and (3IO) ailotted to them. But at the
same time, the Trustees Sir recommend it to You to get the Indians
Consent to a greater Extent of Lands beyond the Ebenezer Creek; And in
case any further Concession of Lands can be gained, then they think
that an equal Quantity of Lands on the other Side of the said Creek
should be reserved for the Trust; which the Saltzburghers can by no
reason coiigjlain of, since the Trustees favour them by making no Reserve
on this Side the Creek, till they are fully provided for.
To make them still more easy, the Trustees cor^ent thai Mr. Vat
96 (310)
should he removed from amongst them, especially as it is his own Desire
hy a Letter dated March 10th. 1735/6. And lest the Restlessness of Mr.
Van Reeks Temper should have any influence on the Saltzhurghers, the
Trustees desire th^t his Lot of 500 Acres may be laid out at as great a
distance from them as possible.
The Trustees Sir refer it to your Judgment whether it would not
be right to remove such of their Buildings as can be removed from
Ebenezer to the Red Bluff; unless You should think proper to settle any
other People there, or unless the River by those Houses should be found
a convenient Place for erecting the Saw Mill which they send by this
Ship, since then the Houses might serve as Habitations for those who
are to v/ork the said Mill.
The Trustees read with great Uneasiness that Paragraph in your
Letter to the Lieutenant Governour of So. Carolina dated March 28th.
1736; (311) v/here You say, that your private Advices from St. Augustine
inform You, that they have sent to the Havannah, and suspect that it is
for Succours in order to drive the Settlement at St. Simons away. They
observe with pleasure the great Caution You used in not suffering any
of the Creek Indians to pass over the River; & they hope You v/ill
continue the same Caution in avoiding any thing that may occasion a
Rupture jl, or MisTinderstandirg between the two Crowns on Account of
Indian Claims.
The Trustees observe in your Letter that Mr. Walter Augustine
has run a Traverse Line from the Town of Savannah to the Town of Darien
upon the Aletamaha, in order to know whether to lay out the Road
between the two Rivers, which will be 90 Miles. They earnestly desire
97 (311)
Sir that You will put an inunediate Stop to the making of the said Eoed,
which will he an Eagjence vastly too great for them to hear, and in the
present weak Condition of the Colony would expose the Settlements on
the Savannah to any Insults from the Spaniards at St, Augustine, who
may he induced to make an Attack when the Passage is laid open for
them; whereas at present the thickness of the Woods, and the Difficulty
of passing the Savannah is a Protection and Defence against any such
Attacks,
And here Sir the Trustees have ordered me to yiepKir.-ir repeat
their Desire, that You will remove the People from the Settlement at
St, Simons, (312) and settle them at or near the Savannah, because
however right the Design was at first of settling them on the Alatamaha. Circumstances are so -varied, that the Trustees are unanimously of
opinion, that Design cannot now he proceeded on, because the Parliament
have by the smallness of their Grant so stinted them, tha^t they cannot
send over any new Supplies, and the weakness of the Settlement without
such Supplies may he an Invitation to the laniards to disturb it;
Because likev/ise the People will with much more difficulty and greater
E^ence he supplied with Provision till they can raise it themselves.
And because the Triistees cannot hear the Expence of building Forts,
maintaining Ferry Boats, and settling Villages to keep open the Comm-unications. Whereas the Settlements, when more closely united, will he
of considerable Strength to each other.
Since the Trustees Letter of April 1st. to You, they have
received Advices, th?it there is not a sufficient Depth of Water to
carry Ships of any considerable Burthen over the Bar of the Eiger
98 (312)
Alatamalia; wMcla was the chief Reason for their ever entertaining any
thou^ts of making a Settlement so far removed from Savannah, and v/hich
cannot he maintained hut at an Ejcpence, which they are hy no means in
a Capacity of supporting, as You will see hy the State of their Cash,
which is herewith sent to You. As the only hopes the Trustees had of
induning the Puhlick to (313) contribute ans' further to the Execution
of the Scheme You had form'd, were founded on the Advantages to the
Ration of a Port capable of entertaining Ships of Force; They noxir think
it necessary for them to direct an Alteration in the Measures, which
xmder less Disadvantages and Obstacles they would have thou^t proper
to have pursued.
The Trustees Sir do consider, that your having settled the
People at St. Simons has already been attended with a pretty great
Expence; But they rather chuse to drop ths.t Design, than prosecute it
at an Expece that cannot be ascertained, as the several ^ranches of it
cannot be foreseen, and by which they m^ not only deceive the People
whom they have sent, but be deceived themselves.
You Sir and You ohly can conceive the great Uneasiness which
the Trustees feel on finding themselves incapable of cariying into
Execution the Plan which You had form'd; And their only hope is, that,
as You are acquainted with their Inability, your Cond-uct and good
Management will prevent the ill Consequences, which such an Alteration
might otherwise produce; Amongst which, that which they have most reason
to fear is, lest by a too sudden Departure from Frederica, any Advan
tage might be given to the Spaniards in the Treaty which You axe now
(314) carrying on with them in settling the Frontiers, by their
99 (31^)
imagining that Great Britain would not insist on her Claim to a
Country which her Subjects tiad orders to desert. If therefore upon
this Account You shall judge it necessary to continue the Settlement at
Frederica., the Trustees desire that, to avoid any further Expence, it
may not he increftsed hy the Addition of any more People, than what are
already settled there, and the Independent Company; that, in case the
Parliament shall hereafter require an Inspection of their Adcounts, it
may he seen that they have run into no further Expence on that Settle
ment, than in "building such Ports as are absolutely necessary for the
Security of the Province, and for maintaining the honour and Property
of Great Britain.
P. S. The Trustees have just received Sir your Letter hy Capt. Piercy
with the Memorial Letters and Depositions inclosed; end have ordered
the same to he immediately laid before his Grace the Duke of Eev/castle.
(317) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Oglethorpe dated at
Westminster the 10th. of June 1736-
Sir
The Trustees have received Your Letter dated March I6. 173^ as
likewise that of March 28th. with the several Letters inclosed of Mr.
Bolzius, Mr, Yan Reck and Mr. Vat, and, after taking the same into
consideration have Ordered me to acquaint You, that they desire that
the Credit which You have given the last Transport of Saltzhurghers
L
should made up according to the full Allowance of 715Y^ "fehe Men and
100 (317)

5.11.11 p Head of the 'i^omen and Children for Provisions for the Year,
as if they had gone with You to St* Simons; end that the first and
second Transport of Saltzhurgers (whose time of Maintenance are ejqjired,
and who are moved to the Settlement at the Red Blnff) should he allowed
it
3.3.6 p. head for a Year from the time of their being settled at the
Red Sgroac Bluff.
They desire likewise That the Credit which You hrive given the
last Transport of Saltzhurghers of 20 Shillings p Head for Tools should
he made up in Quantity of Tools and Other Mecesserys for settling them
selves and Families as Part of the last Emharkation.
The Trustees Sir apprehend that the true foundation of the
Saltzhurgers uneasiness was the hadness of their Land at Ehenezer;
therefore since they are removed to the Red Bluff, and at their own
Desire, the Trustees consent to their being settled there, and hope
they will now he perfectly satisfied.
That they may have no reasonable ground of Complaint, the
Trustees have considerd the different Articles of Mr. Bolziuss Peti
tion to You, and they entirely (318) agree with what You wrote to Mr.
Bolzius that the Saltzhiirghers may work Six by Six in Parties instead
of working alltogether And with respect to the Storehouse, tk The
Trustees are likewise satisfied with their building a Hut for the
Planting
Publick Stores till after/Sixidbag time Mr. Bolzius being answerable for
the Stores.
As to the Grievance which Mr. Bolzius conrolains of "Vizi. Twenty
Gardens being reserved on each side of the Town for the Trust, the
Trustees are willing to indulge them in removing of this likewise; for
101 (313)
from the Notice which they tahe of the Particular Situa,tion of the
Saltzhtirghers new Settlement, they are of Opinion, that there shoiild he
no Reserve of Trust ^ands on this Side of the Bmm Ehenezer Creek and
the River Savannah (hy which the Settlement is hounded and too Much
confined) till all the lots for the Saltzhurghers at present settling
in the said Toira shall he run out and allotted to them. But at the
same time the Trustees Sr. recommend it to You to get the Indiana
Consent to a greater Extent of lands heyond the Ijhenezer Creek; and in
Case any further Concession of lands can he gained then they think tha.t
an equal Quanity of lands on the other side of the said Creek should he
reserved for the Trust; which the Saltzhurghers can hy no reason com
plain of, since the Trustees favour them hy aarkw making no Reserve on
this side the Creek, till they are fully provided for.
To make them still more easy, the Trustees consent that Mr. Vat
shoiild he removed from amongst them, especially as it is his own desire
hy a letter dated March the 10th. 1735/6 And lest the Restlessness of
Mr. Van Reck s teii:5)er should have any influence on the Saltzhurghers,
the Trustees desire that Ms lot of 500.^ Acres may he (3I9) laid out
at as great a distance from them as possible.
The Trustees Sir refer it to Your Judgement whether it woMd not
he right to remove such of their Buildings as can he removed from
Ehenezer to the Red Bluff; unless You should think proper to settle any
other People there, or ttnless the River hy those Houses should he found
a convenient Place for erecting the Saw Mill which they send hy tMs
Ship, since then the Houses might serve as Hghitations for those Nho are
to work the said Mill
102 (319)
As the ^ron Pots for the Ssltzh-urghers in the last Emharltationjl
were seat up to the Southward, on a Supposition that they would he
settled there The Trustees have Ordered a sufficient Quantity to he
sent to them hy this Ship They have likewise sent to Mr. Bolzius as an
acknov^ledgement for his Care of the Saltzhurghers a Present in apparel,
and another to Mr. Gronau his fellow Lahourer.
Mr. Hucks says that You need not he \ander any concern about the
Beer which You thought was spoilt, for it will all recover.
The Trustees read with great uneasiness that Paragraph in Your
Letter to the Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina dated March 28th.
1736; Where You say, that Your private Advices from St. Augustine in
form You, that they have sent to the Havannah, and suspect that it is
for Succours in Order to drive the Settlement at St. Simons away, they
observe with Pleasure the great Caution You used in not suffering any
of the Creek Indians to Pass over the River; and they hope You will
continue the same caution in avoiding any thing that may occasion a
Rupture or Misunderstanding between the tv/o Crowns on Account of Indian
Claims.
The Trustees observe in Yoiir Letter that Mr. (320) Walter Augus
tine has run a Traverse Line from the Town of Savannah to the Town of
Darien upon the Alatamaha, in Order to know where to lay out the Road
between the two Rivers which will be 90 Miles They earnestly desire Sr.
that You will put an iminediate Stop to the making of the said Road,
which will be an Eapence vastly too great for them to bear, and in the
present weak conditition of the Colony would expose the Settlements on
the Savannah to any Insults from the laniards at St. Atigustine, who
103 (320)
may "be induced to make an Attack when the Passage is said open for them
whereas at present the thickness of the woods, and the Dif"iculty of
passing the Savannahs is a Protection and Defence against any such
Attacks.
And here Sr. the Trustees have Ordered me not only to send You a
Copy of their last letter dated April the 1st. 1?36, and sent hy Mr.
Matthew Brown from Bristol, of which a Copy was likewise sent hy
Captain Scott, hut they have also ordered me to repeat their desire,
that You will remove the People from the Settlement at St. Simons, and
settle them at or near the Savannah, because however right the Design
was at first of settling them on the Alatamaha, Circumstances are so
varied, that the Trustees are unanimously of Opinion, ths.t Design
cannot now he proceeded on because the Parliament ttsruwg have hy the
Smallness of their Grant so stinted them, tha.t they cannot send over
any new Supplies, and the weakness of the Settlement without such
supplies may he an Invitation to the Spaniards to disturb it; because
likewise the People will with much more difficulty and greater Expence
he supplied with Provision till they can raise it themselves; and
because the Trustees cannot hear the E3!pence of building Forts main
taining Ferry Boats, and settling Villages to keep open the Communica
tions; Whereas the Settlements, (321) When more closely united, will he
of considerable strength to Each other.
Since the Trustees Letter of April 1st. to You, they have
received Advices, that there is not sufficient Depth of Water to carry
Ships of any considerable Burthen over the Bar of the River Alatamaha;
Which was the cheif reason for their ever entertaining any thoughts of
icu (321)
maVing a Settlement so far removed from Savannah and which cannot he
maintained hut at an Expence, which they are hy no means in a Capacity
of supporting, as You will see hy the state of their Cash which is
herewith sent to You. as the only hopes the SriariE Trustees had of
inducing the Puhlick to contribute any further to the Execution of the
Scheme You had formed, were founded on the Advantages to the Nation of
a Port ss^ait capable of entertaining Ships of Force; They now think it
necessary for them to direct an Alteration in the Measures, TfJhich under
less disadvantaces and Obstacles they would have thought proper to have
pursued.
The Trustees Sir do consider, that Your having settled the People
at St. Simons has already been attended with s pretty great Espence;
But they rather chuse to drop that design, than prosecute it at an
Bxpence that cannot be Ascertain'd, as the several ^ranches of it
cannot be foreseen. And by which they may not only deceive th^ People
whom they have sent, but be deceived themselves.
You Sir cnri You only can conceive the great tineasiness which the
Trustees feel on finding them selves incapable of carrying into Execu
tion the Plan which You had formed; and their only hope is, that, as
You are acquainted with their Inability, You Conduct and good Managemt.
will prevent the ill Consequences which such an Allteration might
otherwise produce; Amongst v/hich, that Which they have most reason to
fear is lest by a too sudden Departure (322) from Frederica, any Advan
tage mi^t be given to the Spaniards in the Treaty Which You are now
carrying on with them in settling the Frontiers, by their imagining
tha.t great Britain would not insist on her Claim to a Country which her
105 (322)
Subjects liad Orders to desert. If therefore upon this Accot. You shall
judge it necessary to continue the Settlement at Frederica, the Trustees
desire that, to avoid any further Expence, it may not he increased hy
the Addition of any more People than what are already settled there,
and the Independent Company; that in Case the iarliament shall here
after acquire an Inspection of their Accots. it may he seen tha.t they
have run into no further Ejcpence on that Settler.ent, than in building
such Forts as are absolutely necessary for the Security of the Province
and for maintaining the Honour and Property of Great Britain.
Sir. The Trustees have Ordered me to acquaint You, that they were
greatly Alarmed at seeing the Bills lately drawn on them hy You, and
they could no other way account for the drawing of those Bills hut
heleiving the Sola Bills of Exchange which You took with You ha,d not
obtained sufficient Credit in South Carolina; But they are glad to find
that they are very Acceptable 253 Yalue thereof just come to hand, and
they are certainly Informed, that You may have Sums to what Value you
please in South Carolina for the said Bills, and possibly at an Advan
tage.
Some Merchants have attended the Board to know whether the Sola
Bills of Exchange (in Case of their being lost ^ at Sea, or by any
other Accident,) would on proper Certificates being produced of their
being issued be made good by the Trustees; the Common Co'uncil h^ve
therefore tho''jght it necessary for the Satisfaction of (323) the Mer
chants, the Credit of the said Bills, and the Honour of the Trust, to
come to a Eesolution; That an Advertisement shall be published in the
South Carolina Gazette in the inclosed Words, a Copy whereof is sent ^
106 (323)
to Messrs. Jenys and Baker for that purpose; that the issuing of the
said Bills may he more facilitated.
The Trustees have Just received a hill of Exchange drawn hy Mr.
L
Thomas Causton dated December 27th. 1735 for 85:10:7. Sterl. which they
have Ordered to he accepted and paid; and likev:ise a ill of Exchange
it
dated March 3d. 1735- drawn hy You for 200. Sterl. payable to Mr.
Charles Furry or Order; Both which Bills they have received advice off
and ordered to he accepted and paid.
They have likewise received a Bill of Exchange dated March the
I,
3d. 1735. for 100. payable to Hr. Eichd. Woodward or Order; And Another
ll T
Bill of Exchange of the same Date for 200. payable to Paul den;;-s Esqr.
and Co. or Order both dra.wn hy You. But they have thou^t proper not
to accept the said Bills for Payment, not only because they have re
ceived no Advice of the said Bills hut because the Trustees have made
the Sola Bills of Exchange to answer all Demands And on the making of
the said Bills they did resolve to have no Others drawn on them; And
Sir they do desire You from time to time to acquaint them What Bills
will he necessary to answer the Expences of the Colony/, and likewise to
specify the particular Wses and Services for which the said Bills will
he wanted. And they do desire that You will give directions to the
proper Officer from time to time to transmit an Accoiint of the particu
lar Services for which the said Bills v/ere or shall he issued And hy the
first Opportunity they will send You Sola Bills to the Value of One
Thousand Pounds. I am Sir
Your most Ohedt. humble Servant.
107 (32^)
P. S.
The Trustees have just received Sir Your Letter hy Captain
Peircy with the Meuoriad Letters and Deposititions inclosed, and have
order'd the same to be immediately laid before his Grace the Duke of
Newcastle.
June 17:1736.
(325) Extract of the Trustees Letter to Mr. Oglethorpe dated 17th.
June 1736. and signed by the Acconrotant.
The Trustees Sr. by your Letter of the 27th. of Pebry. observe
That the Merchants are very greedy of the Georgia Bills; and they
hoped when they made out their Sola Bills it would have prevented the
Occasion of drawing on them. They observe also your reason for the
200. drawn to Mr. Charles Purry the 3d. of March last, rather than
your Issuing too many of their Sola Bills at once. And notw/ithstending
the latter it would have been more accCTtable to the Trust to have
received Advice of your having Issued their said Bills than of your
drawing on them. Por as to the Bills so Issued You and they were both
sure of the money to ansvrer them; But for the Bills drawn, neither You
nor they could be certain of Ability to Pay them; And the latter
happens to be the case, as appears by the inclosed State of their Cash
whereby their Deficiency to answer your said Draughts amounts to
L 1367:9:8-1/4.
This State of the Trustees Deficiency of Cash and the small
Supply from Parliament in the last Session which is not yet received.
108 (325)
makes it absolutely necessary to stop all the Escpences of Hangers and
Workmen, and they hope You will make some wsrgnr saving by discharging
those (You estimated the Charge of for a year as part of the 26000 )
before the said year is up, which may be applied to the better Culti
vation of Trust Lands for from the Produce of Trust Lands the Colony's
Support must hereafter (326) arise. The Trustees hope the Presents
You took with You for the Indians will be found sufficient, for they
can bear no E3?pences but those that are for the well settling the
Persons already sent; and they desire tha,t no further Publick Charges
may accrue either at Savannah or Frederica. The Incident Charges of
the Colony when You was in Georgia before amounted to L 209:11:2-1/4
and the Hewards for Services there to L 342:14:10. And the Trustees
have in an Estimate of Charges to be defrayed with L 3150 in Sola Bills
they intend to make out and send You when the 10000. is received.
Provided for L 245:18:10 for the Contingent Ezpences of the Coloi^ at
present.
The Georgia Bills that are come to England amount to L 356.
and several Merchants who have sent them to be Checqued having desired
to know what they are to do in case of Loss by Sea. The Trustees have
for the S8,tisfaction of Merchants who take their Sola Bills agreed to
the inclosed Advertisement. Whereby the Security and Credit of their
said Bills will be sufficiently known by having Money always reserved to
Pay them which a Bill of Exchange drawn on England has no such Cer
tainty to recommend it. But Sir ifith regard to the Trust as well as
yourself these Sola Bills are of the greatest use, for by carrying
with them the Trustees Ability to Pay them, and their Inability to Pay
109 (326)
any others. The Eeturn of Draughts on a Drawer is prevented, and the
Trustees enabled to he (32?) always within Compass of their Cash, and
not to he lyahle to any Expence that is unprovided for; and the Colony
conducted in such manner as the Trustees Ahilitys will guide them.
The Trustees have received an Instruction from the Qp.een as
Guardian of the Xingdom to Cause the Kings Order to he Published in
Georgia for Praying for the Princess of Wales, and you receive a Copy
thereof inclosed; That the same may he Complied with accordingly by
all the Ministers of the several Congregations in the Province of
Georgia.
The Trustees have received from several Benefactors for building
Churdhes in Georgia the Sum of..3l6;l4;9
They aporopriated out of the 26000. for the same use )
) . . 171; 5:7
the Sum of )
And there is Subscribed to be paid in one month )
) . . 285:10;-
after Demand the Sum of )
In all for building ChTU-ches 773:10:4
They therefore desire to have a Plan for a Church at Savannah
and to know the Charge thereof. And as they have L 3^6:5:4-3/4 to be
applied for Cioltimting Lands for Religious Uses, Tney desire You would
employ proper Persons for such Cultii^ation and send the Trustees word
v/hat Money You shall want for tha,t purpose and Sola Bills shall be sent
to that Value.
no (329)
Extracts of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. OglethoDrpe dated at West
minster 17th. June 1736.
This State of the Trustees Deficiency of Cash and the Small
Supply from Parliament in the last Session which is not Yet received;
makes it aosolutely necessary to stop all the Expences of Rangers and
Worlanai & they hope You will make some Saving hy discharging those (You
. lb
Estimated the Charge of for a Year as part of the 26OOO. ) before the
said Year is up, which may be Applied to the better Cultivation of
Trust Lands for from the produce of Trust Lands the Colonys Support
must hereafter arrise. The Trustees hope the Presents You took with
You for the Indians will be found sufficient for they can bear no
Expences but those that are for the well settling the Persons already
sent; and they desire that no fxxrther Publick Charges may accrue either
at Savannah or Frederica. The incident Charges of the Colony when you
was in Georgia before amounted to L 209:11:2-|- and the Rewards for
Services there to L 3^2:14:10 And the Trustees have in an Estimate of
Charges to be defrayed with L J,150 in Sola Bills they intend to make
out and send You when the 10,000 is received. Provided for L 245:18:10
for the Contingent Expences of the Colony at present.
The Georgia Bills that are come to Enfjlsnd amount to L J56
and several Merchants who have sent them to be Checqued having desired
to know wha.t they are to do in Case of Loss by Sea. The Trustees have
for the Satisfaction of Merchants who take their Sola Bills agreed to
the inclosed Advertisement. Whereby the Security and Credit of their
seld Bills will be (330) sufficiently known by having Money always
reserved to Pay them which a Bill of Exchange drawn on England has
Ill (330)
no such certslnty to recommend it. But Sir with regard to the Trust as
well as Your self these Sola Bills are of the greatest Use, for hy
Carrying with them the Trustees Ability to Pay them, and their In
ability to Pay any others. The Return of Draughts on a Drawer is
prevented, and the Trustees enabled to he always within Con^jass of
their Cash and not to he lyahle to any Expence that is unprovided for,
and the Colony conducted in such Manner as the Trustees Ahilitys will
guide them.
The Trustees have received from the Society for Promoting
Christian Knowledge the Sum of B 50 which they desire you will Pay to
Mr. Bolzius, for his, Mr. Gronau, and the Schoolmasters Salarys for
half a Year ending the 1st. of Hovemher next, and take his Receipt for
the same; they will send You the Value in Georgia Bills.
And as the Trustees have received Money from several Benefactors
for the Maintenance of the Missionaries who went with You to Convert to
gkrtxtx Christanity the Native Indians in Georgia They desire You will
Ih
pay Mr. Charles Wesley and Mr. Ingham 50. apeice and take their
Receipts for the same. And as the Incorporated Society for Propagating
the Gospel in Foreign Parts haSe agreed to Continue to Mr. John Wesley
Ih
from Lady Day last the 50. a Year they gave Mr. Quincy & which they
will pay to him to that time. The Trustees think it right that Mr.
John Wesley should have a Years Salary advanced him and they will
receive it from the Incorporated Society in Repayment And they (331)
will send You the said L 150 Value in Georgia Bills
Ih
It is proper Sir to remind you of the 200. Benefaction Given to
the persecuted German Protestants in Georgia to he applyed and
112 (331)
distributed in Sums of Forty shillings a Family. Whereof 82. was
Ih
paid in England for the sixteen under the care of Mr. Kitchman and 20.
has been since paid for Mr. ^ Spangenbergs Bill on You, as an Applica
tion of the said Sum to the ten under his Care. The Residue being
X'b 1^. The Trustees desire You will apply to seventy four of the Saltzburgh Familys who are most deserving, and get a Certificate from Mr.
Bolzius their Minister of the Application of the same; to discharge the
Trust of the said 148?"^ And you will receive the Value in Georgia
Bills.
The Trustees have received an Instruction from the Queen as
Guardian of the Kingdom to Cause the Kings Order to be Published in
Georgia for Praying for the Princess of Wales, and You receive a Copy
thereof inclosed; That the same may be Complyed with accordingly by
all the Ministers of the several Congregations in the Province of
Georgia
The Trustees have received from several Benefactors for btdlding
Churches in Georgia the Sum of i 316:1^:9
It
They appropriated out of the 26000. for the seme )
) 171; 5:7
use the sum of.)
And there is Subscribed to be paid in one month )
) 285:10:-
after demand the Sum of.) __________
In all for building Churches 773:10:4
They therefore desire to have a Plan for a Chxirch at Savannah
and to know the Charge thereof. And as they have L 346:5:4-3/4 to be
applyed for Cultivating Lands for Religious Uses, They desire You would
113 (331)
enrploy proper (332) Persons for such Cultivation and send the Trustees
word whst Money you shall want for that piirpose & Sola Bills shall he
sent to that Value.
The SaltshTirghers who went over with You and settled with the
other Saltzhurghers having wanted the Iron Potts allotted them as part
of thfe Imharkstion hy being carried with other Stores to the Southward
The Trustees have agreed they should he supplied at Savannah with 20
Iron Potts and 5 Puxnaoes and 5 Trivats; and for that Purpose I have
inclosed a Direction to Johnny Brownfield who is Factor for Mr. Tuckwell, to deliver that Numher to You or Your Order; Which the Trustees
desire may he to Mr. Bolzius, and they are to Pay Mr. Tuckwell for them
here on Advice of Mr. Bolziuss Receiving them or you for the Saltzhur^ers Use
(333) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Thos. Christie dated at
Westminster the 23d. June 173^
Sir.
The Trustees have ordered me to acquaint You tl?t they take
Notice that No Account has been sent this twelve Months of any Pro
ceedings of the Toto Coiirt, ihich Neglect they are Siirprized at; And
they do hereby direct You to make up an Account of the said Proceed
ings from the date of the last which was sent over; And that for the
future You do punctually send them every Quarter of a Year an Account
of the Proceedings. They do likewise direct You to Certify to them,
v/hether any Fees have been taken for the issuing and executing any
114 (333)
Processes, and if any ha.ve been taken, viiRt those Pees were; and like
wise what Pees are taken in Goal, and at the Discharge of any Persons
from thence
I am
Your last Accot. of the
Proceedings of the Town
Court viras made up to the
29th. Hovr. 1734.
Sir
Your humble Servant.
(337) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Thomas Causton dated at
Westminster the 23 Jnne I736.
Sir
The Trustees observing by the South Carolina Gazette an Article
relating to Your Conduct in the Execution of the Act against Spirituous
Liq^uors, eapected to have been made acquainted therewith from You and
of the Circumstances attending that Proceedure Tho your immediate
Correspondence during Mr. Oglethorpe's Eesidence in America is with him
yet Your Duty to the Trust calls upon You to make them acquainted of
every Occurrance in the Colony; and they require it from You.
They have heard of Persons who have run in Debt in Georgia &
suffered Misfortunes from it, and they desire that such Procedures may
be discoToraged; and the Inconveniencys arising from Trusting too much,
be entirely prevented., by having the Peoples Hecessitys supplyed by the
fruits of their Labour, & not by a Credit to them, which they cannot
easily work out.
115 (337)
Mr. Christie is wrote to for Copys of the Proceedings of the Town
Court since 29th. November 1734 to which time they were last sent; and
the Trustees do require particular Accompts from time to time of the
Settlers & their Progress & Behaviour in Georgia; for without such
Accompts by every Opportunity you cannot Discharge the Duty of first
Bailiff in the Province nor Satisfy the Trustees in what is so essen
tially necessary for them to be acquainted with. I am
Sir
Yr. most hirmble Servant.
(341) Copy of Letter to Mr. Oglethorpe from the Trustees signed by the
Secretary and dated the 7th. of July I736.
Sir
The Trustees as soon as they received your Letter ds,ted April
17. with the Letter to His Grace the Duke of Newcastle and the Papers
which you desired might be la,id before His Grace, came to a Resolution
(a Copy of which is here inclosed) to desire Mr. Vernon to lay them
immediately before the Duke, and Mr. Vernon has this da^- reported to
the Board, that, pursuant to their minute, he attended His Grace with
the said Papers and Letter, and His Grace has returned an answer to
you, which was sent to the Board Sealed up, and is herewith trans
mitted to you.
The Trustees Sir have ordered me to acquaint you that they
cannot Justify themselves in Paying out of the Money given by Parlia
ment any Erqjence incurred beyond the Boundaries of the Province of
116 (3^1)
Georgia, and as you know they can Authorize no Proceedings of yours out
of the Province of Georgia, they hope You take care to have proper
Instructions from the Government to Support your Proceedings there,
I am &c.
(3^5) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Oglethorpe dated at
Westminster the 4th. of Aug'ast I736.
Sir.
Ihe Common Council of the Tiuistees resolved the 2d. June last
to give a Lot in the Town of Savannah to Mr. Hugh Anderson the Bearer of
this; And, as they have a good Opinion of him they have appointed him
Inspector of the Puhlick Gardens, and the Ifelheriy Plantations in
Georgia
I am
Sir
Your most Ohedt. Servant
(349) Copy of the Appointment of Hugh Anderson to he inspecter of the
Puhlick garden and Plantation of Mulberry Trees dated 4 August
1736.
To aJ-l to whom these Presents shall come The Common Council of
the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America send
Greeting Know Ye That We Have nominated constituted and appointed
11? (349)
and ty these Presents Do noinin8,te constitute and appoint Hugh Anderson
of Bridg Castle in Scotl^d Gentleman to he Inspector of the Puhlick
Gardens and of the Mulberry Plantations in the Province of Georgia
aforesaid To have and to ho}d the said Office of Inspector of the said
Gardens and Plantations for and during our Pleasore And e Do hereby
authorize and Direct the Recorder of the Town of Savannah in the said
Province for the tine being to Administer the Oaths of Allegiance
Supremacy and Abjuration mentioned in an Act made in the first Year of
the Reign of His late Majesty Zing George the first (Intitied an Act
for the further Security of His ME.jestys Person and Government and
the Succession of the Crown in the Heirs of the late Princess Sophia
being Protestants and for extinguishing the hopes of the pretended
Prince of V*ales and his open and Secret Abbettors) and also the follow
ing Oath of Office to him the said Eu^ Anderson That is to say That
he v;ill truly and faithfully Discharge the said Office of Inspector of
the said Gardens and Mullberry (350) Plantations. And to enter the
seme upon Record In Witness whereof the said Common Council have to
these Presents affixed the Common Seal of the Corporation of the said
Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America the fourth
day of August in the tenth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord
George the Second of Great Britain Prance and Ireland King Defender
of the Paith and so forth And in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand
Seven Hundred and thirty six.
Signed by Order of the said Common
Council
Benj; Martyn Sectary
118 (353)
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Sami. Bveleigh dated at
Westminster AiJ^st the 9th. I736.
Sir
I received Yoiir Letters of the 1st. 22d. & 24th. of May last
which I communicated to the Trustees, They have directed me to return
you their thanks for Yo'ur Advices and to assiire you that Your Corres
pondence is very acceptable to them.
lb
The Bill of Exchange for 50O. which You mention in the Post
script of yours of the 22d. of May has been presented for Acceptance.
But it Appearing That the Services for which the said Bill was drawn
are of such a Nature; As to be no way Provided for being defrayed out
of any Moneys in the Trustees hands. Thqy were therefore obliged not
to accept the said Bill, and of which I have by their Order acquainted
Mr. Oglethorpe. Mr. Baker I suppose will retiirn You the said Bill
after the time for Payment is elapsed which is the 18th. Instant.
I am
Sir
Yoiir most humble Servant.
(357) Extract of the Accomptant's Letter to Mr. Oglethorpe dated
9th. August 1736.
Captain Dunbar attended the Committee of Accompts relating to
the Freight of Passengers objected to be paid for by the Trust who went
from Scotland, and Consist of thirty one heads; whose Freight were
119 (357)
payable "by Grantees of 500. Acres Lots for the very purpose only of
going at their own Expence. And which the Trustees in their Accon^jts
cannot charge the Passage of. Such Passengers are as follow. Mr.
John Oathhert and ten Servants, tea Servants helonging to Mr. Patrick
Mackay, and ten Servants helonging to Mr. John Mackay, whose Freight
Ih
at 5* P head amounts to L 155* ie Trustees considering the Accompt
Stated the 13th. of Fehry. last between your self and the Owners of the
Ship Prince of Vales and your Draft on them at the foot of the said
Accon^jt and also your Letter dated the same day, whereby it appears to
them That You had lent these People the said Passage to be repaid to
the Trust by their Labotir in the Publick Works of the Colony or in such
Provisions as they shall have raised more than will support themselves
and shall carry into the Publick Store, they have paid Mr. Simond the
said L 155. and took a particular Receipt for the same on the back of
the said Acconpt, and thereby You stand acconptable to have the said
L 155'* repaid to the Trust in Provision and Labour in Georgia aforesd.;
Please therefore to cause a particular Acconpt to be kept of such Pro
vision and Labour as pa,id; That the said L 155* discharged
thereby.
The Trustees received your Letter dated the 11th. of May I736.
on 21st. July last and also a Bill drawn by You to Mr. Eveleigh or
lb
order for 5OO. There was not a Number to make a Common Council at
that time to Consider thereof, nor come to any Resolution. (358)
But the Trustees present were greatly concern'd to find such a Demand
of Bxpences occasioned by Forts out of the Limits of their Charter;
which they are in no Capacity of defraying. And much fear that your
120 (358)
Advices of the Spaniards wanting to hny Presents at Charles Town;
may have arose from Views of the Carolina Traders to get clear of their
old Shopkeepers. For was Georgia to he attacked, the General Interest
of Carolina would he carefull of Arms to defend themselves, anfl not
s\iffer themselves to he eaqposed.
Since then, vizt. on the 4th. Instant a Common Council met to
Consider what was proper to he done relating to the said Bill. And
they came to a Resolution, That the Services you mentioned for which
the said Bill was drawn, were not Provided for, to he defrayed out of
any Moneys in their hands, nor should they he ahle to justify them
selves in Parliament for making any such Escpence. They therefore
refused to accept the said Bill. Mr. Baker will return the Bill to
Mr. Eveleigh after the time for Payment is elapsed which is the l8th.
Instant.
The Earl of Egmont recommends it that the Settlers in Georgia
should leave some Timber standing on each Lott and not to huild their
Houses too near together to he lyahle to damage hy Fire.
There has been a Petition presented to the Trustees from
Jeudah Senior Henriques against Mr. Abraham De Lyon complaining that he
had sold aUuu. a Chest of Carpenter's Tools in Georgia for L 7:4:4
Sterling for the said Henriques as by Letter dated 15th. Novr. 1734.
But has never remitted the said Money to him. The Trustees gave for
answer That there were Courts of Judicature in Georgia Invested with
proper Authoritys to do Justice in all matters within (359) their
Jxirisdiction. Bat they directed me to acquaint You with the Pact;
Since it might prevent a Clamour here if Mr. Be lyon was spoke to to do
Justice, without Expence of Law.
121 (361)
Letters from the Accon^jtant to Mr. Oglethorpe dated 28th. August &
13th. Sept. 1736.
Georgia Office Vestmr.
Sir
Hearing of a Ship going from Bristol to Charles Town when at
the Exchange yesterday, I took the Opportunity to acquaint you That by
the Brooke Capt. Keate (who will sail about a fortnight hence) You will
receive Letters from the Trust in Answer to those they received by Mr.
Quincy and Capt. Yoakley (the latter taeking his Letters from Capt.
Dymond).
A Common Council is Summoned for the 8th. of Septr., two were
Summoned for the l8th. & 26th. instent, but only Six of the Gentlemen
mett each time. There has been fifteen Bills presented to the Trust
dra\m by You in June last and amount to L l,84l:l4:0.
By Mr. Caustons Accot. for March last he has Charged himself
lb
with the two Bills the one to Mr. Woodward for 100. and the other to
lb
Paul Jenys Esqr, & Co. for 200. drawn by you the 3^* of March last,
which the Tiust had no Advice of; & which Mr. Simond paid in Honour of
You; And being so charged, they will be now repaid by the Trust.
Therefore the Bills to be paid amount to I 2,l4l:l4:0.
The Acconpts of Demurrage having run very high, and those
Stated for Capt. Yoakleys & Capt. Dymonds Ship being before the
Common Council. They, with the said Bills will sink the Trustees Cash
in such a manner, that they are not able to send you so many new Sola
Bills as they intended.
122 (361)
Added.
Mr. Laroche's Brother will write to his Correspondent at Charles
Town to give You money (362.) for all the said Bills they shall send hy
Captain Keate, end for those of the hOOO. you took with You which
remain unissued; and that at the Current Price, whereby no Eun can he
made on them.
It would heve been of great use, & govern'd the Trustees Con
duct, had they known what Value of their Sola Bills did remain un
issued, when you drew the Bills in June last.
Xl)
As to the 500. Bill drawn the 11th. of May, the Services for
which it was drawn being unprovided for; the Trustees cannot Pay it
till it is Provided for. It has been noted, and the Answer of Eon
Payment at present for the said reason has been given the Notary. But
whether Mr. Baker will keep it or retiarn it to Ik. Eveleigh I can't
yet say. All your other Bills will be paid.
But the Trustees beg you will make use of their Sola Bills,
and draw no more; for they cannot Pay any other Bills.
Sir 13 Sept. 1736
Since my last the Trustees have had three more Bills presented
to them, and drawn by You in Jxine and J\ily, which makes the Amoxxnt of
Bills to be now paid arise to the Sum of L 2,h06;lh;0. They have
therefore sent You the Sum of L 1,500- part of the Hew Sola Bills, to
enable you to answer the uses of the Ministers end those other parti
cular Persons Khoc which the Trustees have rec'd Money for, in the
first Place; As to so much as have not been already answered by You, &
which were mentioned in their Letter of the 17th. of June last: And
the Eesidue to be applied for the other (365) Services of the Colony in
123 (365)
th.e said Letter mentioned, and v;hicli the Bills you have drsAm may not
have defrayed.
By jckss. this Ship a Letter goes to Mr. Savage at Charles Tovt of the Application of the Sums
granted; And that in a particular full and satisfactory manner under
the several heads of Services, as such Sums have been so applied.
The Trustees are very much Surprized thft You should venture to
Imploy Captain Yoakley (371) (and thereby keep his Ship) in sounding
the Inlets to the Alatamaha; and perswsde him to continue to keep his
Ship till Mr. Oglethorpe*s Arrival; since it has been attended with so
129 (371)
great an Expence as Sixty pounds a month from 28th. of November before
Mr. Oglethorpe came; And they blame you much for so doing, since
proper Persons without the Incumbrance of detaining a Ship mi^t have
been employed, agreable to the Instructions you received from Mr.
Oglethorpe for employing proper Persons to sound the said Inlets.
I am &c.
(373) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to his Grace the Duke of
Newcastle dated at Westminster the 20th. of October 1736*
Lord
In Obedience to her Majesty's Commands to the Trustees for
Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America signified to them by
Your Grace's Letter of Septr. 27th. 1736 with an inclosed Copy of Monsr.
Geraldine's Letter dated Septr. 21st. 1736- The Trustees have dr3,vm up
a Representation to her Majesty on the Subject Matter of the said
Letter, which they desire Yotir Grace will lay before her Majesty.
I am
My Lord
Your Grace's most humble and
most Obedt. Servant.
(377) Trustees Letter to Mr. Oglethorpe Signed by the Accomptant the
22d. October I736.
130 (377)
Georgia Office Westmr.
Sir
My last to You by the Brooke Capt. Keet vfas of the 13th. of
last month, wherein I acquainted You of the Tmistees sending You by
the said Captain I500P in i^ew Sola Bills, and of their desire for youi'
using their Sola Bills and drawing no more on them? And that Mr. Savage
at Charles Tovm had full Instructions from Mr. Laroches Brother to
give you money at the Current Price for j( all the Trustees Sola Bills.
I also acquainted You that without your Presence in Parliament,
the Trustees had no hopes of obtaining a new Supply.
As to the Carolinians I inclosed you two Extracts of Letters
from Charles To\i?n relating to Georgia, and have again inclosed you
other Copys thereof; which the Trustees dont doubt your making such
Use of, as not to let the Persons who wrote then Suspect ths,t they have
got into the Secrets of their Correspondence.
I have inclosed you also another Copy of the Trustees Ldtter to
Mr. Causton, wdio desire your speaking to him to send satisfactory
Answ'ers to the several Querys that have been sent him; That a proper
Application of the Moneys which have come to his hands may appear.
The Trustees have received a Letter from the Duke of Kew'castle
fomded on a Letter he received from Monsr. Geraldino Agent for the
King of Spain, with a Copy of that Letter (378) inclosed; And also
have received another Letter from the Lords of Trade on the same
occasion, with v/hon they have conferred; And the Lords of Trade and
Plantations are to State tlie Kings Title to Georgia, from the
Materials in their own Office, and those they have been furnished with.
131 (378)
The Trustees have herewith sent You Copys of the said I'etters
as also a Copy of their Memorial to the Quaen in Answer,
There has heen no Letters nor any Ship from Charles Town
bringing fresher Advice than of the 20th. of July, which makes the
Trustees very impatient of hearing of your Welfare, and the Result of
those weighty Affairs You are engaged in; whereon the Carolinians were
to Confer with You; and for the Preservation and Success of Georgia.
The Trustees received a Letter from Mr. Causton by the way of
Ih
ITew York dated the 22d. of July last giving Advice of a Bill for 210.
to A'braham Minoss for the Cargoe of a Sloop which arrived at Savannah
from New York, and of the Reasons for purchasing the whole Cargoe.
They observe thereon That the parts of the said Cargoe not for the
Trust were to 'be Issued for Money to such as should have occasion for
them at Prime Cost, and that a Parcel was immediately disposed of to
William Cooksey amounting to L 2?: 5:^ Sterling. This he is made
Debtor for, how is that disposing of such part for Money; for had he
paid Money for it, Abraham Minoss might have received (379) it, and the
Bill been drawn for so much less. Tnerefore Sir, the Trustees will
make You Debtor for the Bill drawn; and You will have Credit for such
part of the Cargoe as shall have been used on the Trust Acconpt for the
Colony.
The Earl of Egmont, Mr, Vernon and Mr. Thos. Tower give their
Service to You, and they with the rest of the Trustees who also send
You their Services have directed me to renew their Desire of your
Presence in England, as early as may be, for the approaching Session
of Parliament; which is expected to meet about the middle of January
132 (379)
next. For without your Presence, they have no naaner of hopes of any
further Supply; and then Georgia will he in a melancholy State.
Mr. Vernon wonders he has no Letters from Cspt. Gascoigne
relating to his Son.
Colonel Cecil sent for me while writing this, to enquire after
your Wellfare and Advices from Georgia and dxsaxx desired me to
acq'ualnt You That his Aunt Lawson died last week, and the Family is in
Grief on tlaat occasion.
I am
Sir
Your most Obedient & most
htamhle Servant
Harman Verelst Accotant.
22d. October 173^.
(381) Charlton 2 Nov. 173^
Sr.
You judgd rightly of the pleasiire your letter gave me, and I
thank you for it, but I should have been glad to h^ve know whether the
severed Orders we wxgY sent to Causton, and the letters we wrote to
Mr. Oglethorpe in may or June last not to draw upon us, were arrived
before ye departure of Mr. Westly, as also v/hether Bromfeild has kept ip
his correspondence. I think you woiald ss. do well to take some oppor
tunity to Bj-HtgangvwTTr discuss with Mr. Fury, and get out of Mm what
orders MxxxSaocjqc he has by this ship received from his Masters, and
133 (381)
particularly whether the depositions are come over to Support the
assemtlys petition to the King and Co\incel; I perceive Toy Mr. Oglethorps agreement with them, the affair in dispute must le decided "by
his Majesty, and it is fit we should "be prepard to reply. It would he
of great Service if we had the Atturney Genls. opinion upon our acts in
our favour before the matter comes to the Council, and the early having
it will guide us in our conferences with the Board of trade, who when
the council >!** . hoard shall refer the petition above mentiond to them
for their opinion upon it, will I suppose desire to hear what we have
to say before they make their report. But of this you will advise
with Mr. Towers.
I am
Yr. affect, humble Servt.
To Mr. Verelst
Egmont
(385) Copy of the Agreement with Mr. Robert Millar the Botanist
10. November I736.
To all whom it may Concern Know Ye That I Robert Millar of
Chelsea in the County of Middlesex Surgeon do Covenant and Agree that
in Consideration of the yearly Salary of Two hundred pounds to be paid
unto me or my Order in the manner following, Vizt. Fifty pounds at the
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, Fifty pounds at the Feast of the
Nativity of Our Lord Christ, Fifty pounds at the Feast of the Ann'unciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Fifty pounds at the Feast of the
Nativity of St. John the Baptist That I will serve the Trustees for
134 (385)
establishing the Colony of Georgia in America in the following manner
vizt. !Eaa.t I will at my own Charge and Earpence forthwith Imhark on
hoard a Ship hound for Jamaica and will from thence proceed to such
parts of America as the Trustees shall think proper not only to send to
Georgia those Plants remaining at Jamaica Carthagena and Campechy
which I have already collected hut also to collect such other Plants
as shall he contained in my Instructions from the said Trustees, and
that I will use my utmost Diligence for collecting such other Plants
and will carry or cause them to he carried to Georgia And that I will
constantly correspond with an from time to time transmit to the said
Trustees all such Ohservetions as I shall apprehend may he usefull to
the said (386) Colony And at such time as the Trustees shall think
proper will go and reside in the said Colony of Georgia at my own
Charge and Espence and use my utmost Endeavours there for the preserving
& propagating of the said Plants and follow such Orders therein as I
shall receive from the said Trustees All which I agree to do to the
utmost of my Capacity & Power for the Space of Two Years to he computed
from Midsummer last And Whereas the Eight Eonhle. the Lord Petre has
engaged to P^ -onto me Fifty pounds for the first Year and Sixty six
poirnds thirteen shillings and four pence for the second Year towards
defraying the Charge of my said Travels I declare that I do accept of
the said Engagement as part of the said Two hundred pounds a Year
Salary And V/hereas the following Persons are expected to pay to the
said Trustees the several Suiqs hereafter mentioned p\irsuant to an
Agreement drawn up and in part Signed for that pxirpose in Order to
defray my said Charges Vizt. His Grace the Diiice of Eichmond and Sisiu.
135 (386)
Lenox ^irty pounds for the first Year and Forty pounds for the second
Year, The Eight Honhle. Edward Earl of Derby J'ifty pounds for the first
Year only. Sir Hans Sloane Twenty pounds for the first Year and Twenty
six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence for the second Year, The
Company of Apothecaries Twenty pounds for the first Year and Twenty six
nounds thirteen shillings and four pence for the second Year, Charles
DuBois Esqr. Ten pounds (38?) for the first Year and thirteen pounds
six shillings end eight pence for the second Year, George Heathcote
Esqr. Five pounds for the first Year and Six pounds thirteen shillings
and four pence for the second Year, and James Oglethorpe Esqr. Five
pounds for the first Year and Six pounds thirteen shillings and four
pence for the second Year But if it should so happen that aiy Defi
ciency shall be of the before mentioned Contributions or that the said
Trustees should not think fit to advance Ten pounds for the first Year
and Thirteen pounds six shillings and eight pence for the second Year to
make up the said Two hundred pounds a Year Then the said Term of Two
Years shall be shortened proportionably as the whole to be received
from the said Trustees shall fall short of Two hundred eighty three
pounds six shillings and eight pence In Witness whereof the said
Robert Millar hath hereunto set his Hand and Seal the tenth day of
November in the Year of Our Lord One thousand seven huidred and thirty
six.
Signed
Robert Millar
136 (389)
Copy of the Instructions to Eohert Millar the Botanist 10th.
November 1736.
Sir
Tou are ordered by the Common Council of the Trustees for estab
lishing the Colony of Georgia in America to go with all convenient
Speed to Jamaica and to send to Carthagena. & Campechy for obtaining
those Plants Seeds and Roots wch. You left in the Care of several
Persons at those places to be preserved and propagated; And on the
obtaining thereof or any part thereof, if You can find any Vessel
going to South Carolina You must send them from time to time as obtained,
to the Care of Mr. St. J\xlian at Charles Town to be forv/arded to
Georgia; And send him Advice thereof That it is in pursuance of your
Instructions and therein desire him to send to the Superintendent for
the Trustees in Georgia and Account thereof for Directions for for
warding them there.
If You touch at Madeira in your Passage from England, and have
time; You are ordered to inform your self of the manner of cultivating
Y
the Tines and making the Wines there; And to carry vrith ou to Jamaica
Cuttings of their best Sorts of Tines, a,nd Seeds Roots or Cuttings of
any other usefxill Plants You shall meet with on that Island which are
wanting in the British Colonies, but particularly the Cinnamon (390)
Tree; And if You can find any Vessel going from thence to South Caro
line You must also send some of ea.ch of the abovementioned things
directly there Addressed to Mr. St. Julian at Charles Toto v;ith Advice
to him thereof as before directed.
You are to renew the Correspondence vjhich You had established
137 (390)
with the Spaniards in the Conntries through which You have passed, in
order to he furnished hy them with Seeds & Plants of the most usefull
Drugs at their proper Seasons. And when You have an Opportunity of a
Vessel going to La Vera Cruz and of your getting up the Country in
Safety to Mexico, You are to use your utmost Diligence to procure the
Jalap and Cochineal with the Animals upon it, and ell other usefull
Plants or the Seeds and Boots thereof which You have not yet collected
and that You shall judge may he of Use to the Colony'" of Georgia.
When You return to Jamaica You are to take the first Oppor
tunity of going to Georgia with all the Plants and other thirjgs col
lected hy You, and to take Care of the Culture there of what You shall
carry with You.
And You are particularly desired to inform yoior self of the
Nature and Culture of the white Mulberry Tree which is most proper for
the Nourishment of Silk Worms, as likewise of all Sorts of Logwood and
other Wood and Barks (391) of use in Dyeing, in order to the propagating
of them in Georgia,
And You are from time to time hy ell Opportunities to write to
the Trustees of the Progress You make.
Signed hy Order of the said Common
Council the Tenth day of ITovemher I736.
Benj. Martyn Sectary.
(393) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to the Eeverend Dr, Ayers
^ da,ted at Westminster the 10th, of November 1736.
138 (393)
Sir
Mr. ISTewmao. Scretary to tlie Society for promoting Christian
Enovledge having laid before the Tnistees for Establishing the Colony
of Georgia in America Your Letter dated October 29. 1736 recommending
three Women to be seat over to Georgia The Trustees have Ordered me to
acquaint You, that they have some time since come to a Eesolution to
send no more persons thither till they ere enabled by a further
Supply.
I am
Sir
Your most Obedt. Servent.
(397) Copy of the Accomptent's Letter to I-Ir. Oglethorpe from the
Trustees the 24th. of November 1736.
Sir
The Trustees Order me to acquaint you That they have had no
Account of your Proceedings in Georgia since June last. Though the
Complaints against the Management in Georgia sent from Carolina have
since that time been frequent end strong; and have proceeded so far as
to produce a Eepresentation from Carolina to the King in Council,
relating to the Staving of the Earn, the Navigation of the Eiver
Savannah, and the Eegulating the Indian Trade in Georgia. Which has
been received and Eeferred to a Committee of Council. And such Para
graphs are inserted in the Nevtfs Papers in vhich your Self are sometimes
mentioned (as you will Observe in the inclosed Daily Journal of the
139 (397)
lyth. instant); As require proper Explanations.
And the Misfortune of the Trustees is such That for want of a
regular Correspondence from you or Mr. Gauston of what is doing in
Georgia; They are ahsolutely disabled from giving the Publick the
Satisfaction that is Expected.
The Trustees have been informed That Mr. Charles Wesley did
Imbark on board the Ship London Captain Joudevine at Charles To\'ra, who
sailed the 19th. of August last, and vrhom may be supposed would have
brought with him a full Information of the whole Transactions of
Georgia. But as that Ship is given over by the Merchants for lost; The
Trustees will be deprived of tha,t Information, without you have sent
Duplicates by some other Ship.
Upon the whole the Trustees cannot think they can Carry on the
Settlement of Georgia, or apply again to Parliament with any Success;
unless you shall come over to answer the Objections and give an Account
of the Rvctir Progress already made, and Justify the application of the
Sums heretofore Granted. I am &c.
(40l) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Alared Popple Esqr. dated
at Westminster 24th. IJovember 173^.
Sir
I am Directed by the Tnistees for establishing the Colony of
Georgia in America, to put you in mind Tha.t a Petition was presented to
Her/ Majesty in Comicil the 30th. of July 1735. snd Referred to the
Eight Honble. The Lords Commissioners for Trade and plantations the
140 (401)
l4th. of August following; for Cannon Ammunition &c to fortify the
Province of Georgia^
They not being so happy as to hear that any Dispatch has yet
been given to the said Application, and being alarmed with Reports of
Da,ngers with which the Hew Settlement is threatned. They have
Directed me to desire the favour of You to lay this Letter before their
Lordships, not doubting but that they will give proper Directions
concerning the same.
I am
Sir
Yr. most Obedt. humble
Servant
(413) Trustees Letter to the Duke of Newcastle dated 24th. Deer. I736
and signed by the Secretary.
My Lord
The Trustees believing That Your Grace has been informed by
Letters from Mr. Oglethorpe; That the Chickesaws (a Nation of Indians
in Alliance with the English) had been attacked by the French. They
have Ordered me to acquaint Your Grace That Mr. Oglethorpe thought this
a malter of so great In^jortance, as to send Mr. Wesley his Secretary,
to them; with the Conferences he had with the said Indians; on a Depu
tation sent down to him, to demand the Protection and Support of the
King of Great Britain, to whom they had been always faithfull Allies;
And from whose Governors they had accepted Commissions, from the first
141 (413)
time that His late Majesty sent General Nicholson to he His Governor
in South Carolina; As appears hy one of the said Commissions in the
Tear 1732f ixnder the hand of the late Governor Johnson; which they
produced at the Conference with Mr. Oglethorpe, and is sent to the
Trustees.
Which Account, the Trustees thought it Incumhent on them in
Duty to His Majesty; and out of Concern for the Safety of the Colony;
to lay before Tour Grace for His Majesty's Information with Copies of
the said Conferences. Not doubting but Tour Grace will readily appre
hend; That if a Nation in these Circumstances should be deserted, or
not supported: All the other Indian free Nations which lye on the back
of His Majesty's Provinces, will thereby be obliged to throw themselves
into the hands of the French. And if the French be (4l4) allowed to
destroy our Indians, Nation by Nation in time of Peace; the Settlements
must meet with the same fate in case of a War. I am
My Lord
Tour Lordships most Obedt.
and most humble Servant.
(417) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Paul Jenys Esqr. dated at
Westminster the 29th. of December 173^.
Sir
Tours of the 10th. of September last with the Accorrpts then sent
came safe to hand, and the Trustees are imach Obliged to You for your
Care and trouble therein. But still more so for the great regard on all
142 (417)
occasions which you have shewn for their new Settlement of Georgia, and
the Preserving that Union so essentially necessary between Carolina &
Georgia for the Welfare of both; Than which they equally with You, have
nothing More at heart.
The Trustees are sorry That the People of Carolina woiald not
give them an Opportunity of Showing their Readiness to readress ariy
Greivance justly complained of against their Officers in Georgia; which
might have saved them the Trouble of Applying to His Majesty; And they
would have found the Trustees as ready to give them a satisfactory
Answer, as they were in the Case of Captain Mackay.
This Sir the Trustees thought necessary to apprize You of; and
to assure You of their Desire to Cooperate with your good Intentions of
promoting the united Prosperity end Preservation of both Provinces.
They Condole with You on the Loss of Mr. Baker, who was an equal
Wellwisher with Your self
I am
Sir
Yr. Most Obedt. humble
Servant
(421) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Verelst to Mr. Causton da,ted at
Westminster the 14th. of January 1736*
Sir
By the Brooke Capt. John Keet who sailed from England in
September lant. The Trustees sent directed to James Oglethorpe Esqr. in
143 (421)
Greorgis in America to the Care of Messrs, Jenys and Co. at Charles Town
in South Carolina, a Cask containing Seed & papers, four Tubs of Bamtoo
Plants and a Box and Cask of Medicines No. 1 and 2 to "be forwarded to
Ceorgia, together with a Letter to Mr. Oglethorpe, All which being
not arrived when Mr. Oglethorpe left Georgia.
The Trustees have ordered me to write to Mr. Jenys by the same
Opportunity as this comes to You, That of the Parcels and Letter are
still at Mr, Jenys*s house, he would please to open the Cask marked
Seed and Papers and without a Number, & take thereout a square Box to
be returned to England without opening; and to send the seed and other
Parcels to You,
But if Mr. Jenys has forwarded them to Georgia before he re
ceives my Letter. The Trustees desire You will send back the 11 Books
of Sola Bills which were in the said sqtiare Box and pack them up safe,
with Directions to be forwarded from Charles Town to England by the
first Opportunity and delivered to the Trustees by the Captain's own
hand. You need not mention what they are, though they can be of no
use, Mr. Oglethorpe not being in Georgia to endorse them.
I have enclosed You the method of sowing the (422) Barrillia
Seed.
Mr, Oglethorpe desires You will send to Mr. Woodward to fiirnish
to Mr, Horton*s Order fifty pounds in Cattle or other Live Stock; Or to
pay to that Amount for Live Stock purchased on Mr. Hortons account,
and You are to post the same to the said Mr. Hortons Accompt with the
Trustees for Labour &c.
Mr, Brathwaite who goes to Charles Tovm by this Ship, and has a
(422)
Settlement near Georgia You are desired to shew him what Civilitys You
can at Savannah and in Case he shall have occasion for Boats or any
other Conveniencys to recommend him to such Persons as will use him
hest and he will pay the Charges.
The Trustees desire You will send up a Messenger to the Cherokee
Indians to acq'oaint them the Trustees intend to make them a return for
the Skins they last sent to Savannah and they woiold he glad to know
what woul6 he most acceptable to them.
It is of the greatest Service here to know the real Situation of
Georgia from time to time and the Trustees desire You \irill for that
purpose keep a constant Diary of what happens in Georgia and send a
Copy thereof on every Occasion that offers for a regular Information,
which is so absolutely necessary and what they cannot he without.
I am
Sir
Your most humble Servant.
(425) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Alured Popple Isqr. dated at
Westminster the 28th. of January I736.
Sir
I have laid before the Trustees for establishing the Colony of
Georgia in America Your Letter of the 25 Instant; wherein You signify
that Mr. Fury had presented a Memorial for the Lieutenant Govr. Council
and Assembly of South Carolina desiring, that the Hearing of the Subject
Matter of their Complaint against the Magistrate of Savannah in Georgia,
145 (425)
contained in a Eepresentetion dated July 17tli. 173^ (which was
appointed hy the Lords Conunrs. For Trade and Plantations to be on
Tuesday the 8th. of next month) might he desird; And that their Lordships have accordingly put off the said Hearing
The Trustees have ordered me to desire You to lay before their
Lordships the Harship which they conceive they lye under from this
delay, when they had prepared their Council and were ready to produce
their Evidence which they axe firmly perswaded would intirely clear
them to their Lordships and the whole World, from the unjust Accusations
contained in the said Complaint This Hardship affects them the more
since as the Hearing is put off indeterrrdnately and without any certain
daj% They are in danger of Loseing living Evidence capable of Answer
ing to every Objection and which they have now in their Power to
produce.
The Trustees therefore hope, that if the said 8th. of February
shall be found inconvenient, their (426) Lordships will appoint a short
day for the Hearing of the said Complaint, tha^t they may have an Oppor
tunity of justifying themselves from the Groundless Accusations therein
contained, which is the more necessary for them, since they cannot hope
for the Encoiuragement they have hitherto received till they have cleared
themselves from the said Accusations.
The Trustees cannot imagine that their Lordships will give any
Countenance to such a Complaint which comes unsupported by any Evidence
or Proof, and which must appear to all the World to be designed rather
as a Calumniation than an Accusation, Since (tho* passed by the Council
and Assembly of South Carolina July 17th. 1736) they hpve not thought
fit to send over in all this time any Evidence to mahe it good; But as
l46 (426)
soon as they understood that Mr. Oglethorpe wes emhsrked for England
with such Evidence on the part of the Colony of Georgia, as would
plainly show how groundless their accusations were, they then immedi
ately gave Directions to their Agent to present this Memorial wherein
they desire their lordships to put off the Cause for this extraordinary
Reason, hecause they must smd over some further Instructions and
Proofs relating to that Affair. Whereas in Honour and Consience they
ought not to have presented their Accusation and made puhlick their
Complaint against the Proceedings in Georgia, till they had sufficient
Evidence here ready to support it.
The Trustees 4atxatfK therefore are persivaded that (42?) their
lordships will reflect on the ill Consquences which will attend their
continuing estposed, without a Possibility of making a Defence in the
Obloquy of Persons unacquainted with their Proceedings.
I am
Sir
yo^lr most Obedt. Servant.
(429) Copy of the Trustees Petition and Representation to the King
against the lieut. Govr. of Carolina for opposing the Execution
of the laws of Georgia, Dated 19th. January I736/7
To the Kings Most Excellent Majesty.
The humble Petition and Representation of the
Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia
in America.
147 (429)
May it please Yoiir Majesty
It is with great Concern That We find Our selves obliged to lay
before Your Majesty a Representation of the Disregard shewn to Your
Majesty's Authority by the Lieut. Govr. Council and Assembly of South
Carolina, in openly opposing the Execution of an Act Approved by Your
Majesty in Council on the third day of April 1735 Entituled an Act for
maintaining the Peace with the Indians in the Province of Georgia;
notwithstanding ths,t Your Majesty was pleased by a Letter transmitted
by His Grace the Puke of Newcastle the 11th, of October I735 to recomaneir-t: mend to the Lieut. Govr. and Council of that Province their giving
all Countenance and Assistance for the Execution of the sa-id Act. But
may it please Your Majesty instead of paying the Regard due to such a
Recommendation, or to an Act which had the Sanction of Your Royal Appro
bation in Council They proceeded so far in their Opposition as to (430)
pass an Ordinance in an illegal manner for raising Two thousand pounds
Sterling to indemnify the Traders from Carolina in their Contempt of
the said Act. And in Consequence of this illegal Ordinance several
Traders came from Carolina into the Province of Georgia, end in parti
cular Thomas Wright ft Transported Convict was employed as a licensed
Trader from Charles Town to animate the Indians inhabiting within the
said Province against Your Majesty's English Subjects, by a great many
villainous Reports and Suggestions, which occasioned the pulling down
of an House within the Bounds of the Province of Georgia and the further
endangering the Peace of the said Province.
And therefore Your Majesty's Dutiful Subjects the Trustees for
establishing the Colony of Georgia in America Supplicate Your Ifejesty
That taking the Premisses into Your Royal Consideration, You will be
148 (430)
graciously pleased to give such Orders herein as may preserve Your
Majestys Subjects in the Province of Georgia from the like Violences,
for their endeavouring to Execute the said Act for preserving the Peace
with the Indians within the Province of Georgia.
Signed by Order of the said Trustees
^ this 19th. of January 1736.
Benj. Martyn Sectary.
(433) Copy of the Trustees Answer to the Incorporated Society on
Occasion of a Message from the Society relating to the Lands
set out for Religious Uses, Dated 19* January 1736.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia have with
Concern received from the Incorporated Society for propagating the
Gospel in Poreign parts a Message Signed David Humphreys, which seems
to imply a Doubt of the Intention of the Trustees towards making a
sufficient Provision for the Missiona>ry to be established in their
Colony. The Resolutions taken by the Trustees, and the Orders given
thereupon for improving Land for the Religious Uses of the Colony
(which may be seen in the publick Books of their Office) will suffi
ciently shew that they do not confine themselves to the bare Maintenance
of a single Missionary, but are using proper means to have a sufficient
Pund for providing likewise for a Catechist, and a Schoolmaster: And
that they do at this time in fact maintain two Missionaries and a
fik Catechist at their own Charge in that Colony.
The Trustees, having given this Evidence of their sincere
149 (433)
Intention for supporting a Religious Establishment among their People,
had great Reason to hope for an Encouragement from a (434) Society
Incorporated for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign parts, or at
least that the Society would not have made an Order for the suspending
the payment of any Salary to the Missionary at Georgia before they had
desired to have been informed what Resolutions the Trustees for the
Colony of Georgia ha,d come to.
Signed by Order of the Trustees this 19
of Jan\iFry 1736.
Benj. Martyn Sectary.
(437) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Henry Newman dated at
Westminster Janry. 28th. 1736/
Sir
Mr. Vernon has laid before the Trustees for establishing the
Colony of Georgia the Copy of Mr. Urlsperger's Letter dated Janry.
15th. 1736/7 And the Trustees on reading the same have order'd me to
acquaint You, that they in a Letter to Mr. Van Reck dated July 27th.
1734 desired, that the Saltzburghers would send over a Specification of
their Estates Moveable and immoveable which they had left behind them
at Saltzburgh, And a Proper Authority to the Trustees, or any other
Persons they should think proper to receive the same for them, They
have likewise given Directions for a Letter to be sent to Mr. Bolzius
to the said Purpose, They not having yet received any Answer to their
former.
150 (437)
They have also order'd me to acquaint You that their present
Circumstances will not allow them to think of sending any more
Saltzhurghers as Yet to Georgia
I am
Sir
Your veiy humhle Servant.
(44l) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to his Grace the Dulce of
Newcastle darted at Westminster Fehry. 9th. I736.
My Lord
I am Ordered hy the Trustees for estahlishing the Colony of
Georgia in America to acquaint Your Grace that since the Representation
which the Trustees desired Your Grace to ley before her Majesty the
20th. of October last on the Subject Matter of the Letter which Your
Grace received from Monsr. Geraldino Agent for the King of Spain,
containing several Coiiplaints against the Inability of the new Colony
of ftgarigxx Georgia.
The Trustees have proceeded to make a further Inquiry into the
said several Coiiplaints,
And as to the first Matter of Con^laint The Trustees have
received full Evidence; thal none of the new Colony of Georgia were
concerned in the Attacking any Portress in the Terrotories of the King
of Spain on the 3^ of March last or at any other time. Rut the same
was done by the Indians in revenge of Injurys and Hostilities offer'd
to them by the Spaniards, as specified in the Trustees said Representa
tion.
151 (441)
As to the Complaint received "by the Governor of St, Ai:i^stine
from the Lieut, of Tort St. Mark the Trustees have received Evidence
tliat the IflCEx Ports Which they hsve "built are all within the Terrotories of the King of Greet Britain and erected at the desire of the
Indians "being necessary for the defence and Peace of the Country; And
no Ports have "been "built "by the Trustees within the ggyratixiE Terrotories of the King of Spain nor in any (442) of the Indian Nations
"belonging to him.
As to the further Con^laint That a Party of three hundred
English had appeared on the Prontiers of the Province of Apalache, and
That having set up a Standard of War in a Town of Indians called
Apalachicola, they had summoned the Chief Town of the a"bovesaid
Province, called Caveta, to Join them in Order to make warr against
the Spaniards; acquainting them at the same time, that they were
resolved to demolish the Port of St. Mark and afterwards to "beseige
St. Augustine
The Trustees find the same to have "been made without any just
Ground; And tha-t the Apprehensions which the Governor of St. Augustine
had entertained, arose from the Behaviour of one Drake an Inha"bitant
in Charles Tovm in South Carolina, who was sent up from thence with
certain Traders into the Indian Nation, without the Knowledge and
contrary to the Trustees orders; and who hoisted Coulours and did other
Actions for which they who sent him only are ansvera"ble. But the like
of which (it is to he hoped) will hereafter he prevented hy the wise
Regulations His Majesty has heen pleased to make hy an Act for main
taining the Peace with the Indians in the Province of Georgia, hy
152 (443)
which Persons without Licence from Georgia, are Prohibited from going
up amongst the Indians within the Province of Georgia. And by settling
the Couatry with Towns under proper Magistrates and Comraunications.
And fiirther Advantages will thereby Accrue, by preventing dis
orderly Persons from talking Refuge as heretofore in the Woods on the
Frontiers, (443) who there used to commit Murders and Ravages and all
kinds of Disorders, which neither the Governor of St. Augustine nor
the Governor of South Carolina could prevent or punish.
The Trustees are assured That the Governof of St. Augustine was
fully convinced of the Various Arts used to creat Misunderstandings
between the two Provinces of Georgia and Florida, and perceived the
Groxmdlessness of the Reports that had been spread, as soon as an open
and safe Correspondence was procured between Mr. Oglethorpe and him So
that on the 22d. day of October last R. S. he Signed the inclosed
Treaty.
And in Order to remove all Umbrage, Mr. Oglethorpe drew
off the Garrison from Fort St. Georgia; which is on the same Spot
that was fortified by Sir Francis Drake in the Reign of Queen Eliza
beth.
Wherefore Mr. Oglethorpes Conduct has fully answered what
Monsieur Geraldino hoped it would, by establishing a better Intelli
gence between the Inhabitants of Florida, and those of the Zing of
Great Britains Dominions in their neighbourhood.
Which State of the said Complaints now sent Your Grace, together
with the former Eepresenta.tion sent to Your Grace the 20th. of October
last. The Trustees humbly apprehend contain a full Answer to the
several Matters they were directed to enquire into.
153 (^3)
All which they have ordered me to lay "before Your Grace.
I am
My Lord
Your Graces Most humble and
most Obedient Servt.
(445) Copy of a Letter from Mr. Martyn to Mr. Thomas Causton dated at
Westminster March the 7th. 173^/7
Mr. Causton
Sir
The Trustees have received Your Letter of ITovr. 26. acd and like
wise that of December l4th. and they have ordered me to tell You that
they expect You will now go on in sending them regularly a State of the
Colony by every Ship.
The Trustees are very much concerned to find by Your Letters,
that many of the People dont think yet of Planting, and that either
thro Idleness, en^jloying themselves too much in Building, hiring
themselves to Labour or Living upon their Credit in Town they entirely
neglect the Improvements of their Lots, They Therefore Eeauire You to
inform all the People, that those who will be first intitled to their
favour, will be such as are industrious in cultivating their Lands; and
to put them in mind of the terms and Conditions of their several
Grants.
The Trustees are perswaded th'it the proper Eurployment of the
People in their several Plantations will be the surest means to remove
(445)
all the Contentions, which you con^plsln are amongst them.
The Trustees are sensible of the many ill Effects that must
attend the great Credit that is (446) given in the Province, and
they will very soon send over their particular Orders for regulating
the same, and the suing for Debts.
They are likewise preparing a bav/ for regulating the Watch, and
till this can arrive, they recommend It to You to avoid as much as you
can all Disputes relating thereto, and keep every thing as quiet as
possible, and they hope and expect that a proper Obedience will be
paid by everyone to the Civil power established there
You take Notice in Your last Letter of several Letters which
have been sent from Charles Town to private Hands in order to lessen
the Credit of the Colony, and that the people thereupon are very
uneasy; Surely they cannot be affected by any Advices from thence;
they must be sensible from the Jealousy that has been shown that no
Arts will be v;8nting no Arts unemployed to create Uneasinesses in
Georgia; And at the same time they may be assured that the Trustees,
who are so attentive to the Welfare of the Colony in every other
Particular, will be carefull of its Credit in the first place. And
they must know that their Industry in their several Plantations, as it
will considerably diminish the Expences of the Colony, will enable the
Trustees to Support its Credit the better.
Ghe Trustees are apprehensive th8.t the Negligence of Mr. Jones
the Surveyor or has been of great Prejudice to the Colony; They there
fore ejcpect that You call upon him from time to time (44?) to do his
Duty; You must enquire what Surveyors there are in Georgia, and whether
any of these will undertake to Survey at Savannah on the same terms
155
that Mr. Jones did end in Case Mr. Jones will not go on to Survey You
must Employ such of them as You shall find necessary within the County
of Savannah to run out the lands within the said County immediately,
tha.t the People may not suffer for the future hy any Delays in Surveying
their ^ands. And You must enter into written Agreements with them upon
the same terms as Mr. Jones.
As the Lots at new Ehenezer are not joe Yet surveyed, the
Trxxstees have ordered that the first and second Transport who \t shewing how the Money granted in the last Session of
Parliament to the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in
America; has been applied by them, towards settling and securing the
said Colony.
Applied in America
For Demurrage of the Ship Prince of Wales
at Savannah & Victualling the Passen
gers on board which came from Scotland,
till they v/ere sent to settle upon the
Alatamaha River; And for Charges of
the Ships James and Peter & Jt James in
Georgia, and of Carrying the Passen
gers and Goods which came from England
from Savannah to the Alatamaha River 801;18: 8
For Boards and Frames of two Houses for
the Fort at Frederica 200: -
For Provisions 2,878:12; 5g
For Cattle
For Hails Working Tools and Necessarys
For Ordnance Arms Ammunition & Cloathing
For Tarpaulians Sail Cloth & Oars for
Boats
For Presents for purchasing the Lands
from the Indians
300; -; -
167; 9; 9i
233:14; 5|
7:12; 7-3/4
889:12;
For Charges of maintaining an Agent at
St Augustine and sending Messengers
&C. thither for keeping up a
friendly Correspondence between the
Provinces of Georgia & Florida 333: 2;
For Servants delivered in Georgia for
the Publick Service 120:
For Incident Charges
For Rewards for Services
Applied in England
For Stationary Ware & Printing
27:10; -
65:12; -
6,025; 4; 3|
6:19; 5
Carried over t 6:19: 5 6,025; 4; 3i
157d (458)
Brotight over Ii 6:19: 5 *> 6,025: 4: 3|
Por MediciBes Working Tools & Necessarys
sent to Georgia 87:13:10
For Provisions sent to Georgia 166:18: -
For Freight and Charges of Shipping a
Passenger from Bristol and several
Parcels of Provisions and Necessary's from
London and Bristol 53' 8:11
For Watch Coats & Bedding for Seven
Persons sent to Georgia from London
and Bristol 5il6: 6
For Charges for engaging foreign end other
Servants for Georgia 73!l0i
For House Rent for the Trustees Office,
Necessarys for the House & Incidnet
Charges 51! 7: 9
For Charges of Bills of Exchange, and of
Sola Bills of Exchange sent to Georgia
to he issued there instead of drawing
Bills; for the Service of the Colony 51: 5: 5
For Salarys to the Secretary and Accomptant. Wages to the Messenger &
Housekeeper, Rewards to several
Persons for their Services and for
extraordinary Clerkship 477: 4: 6
974: 4; 4
Money paid to the Storekeepers in Georgia to de^ay the
Charges of I'anding Goods end Passengers, of Puhlick
Work; of Surveying end Setting out of Land of Pro
visions, and other Necessarys for the Colony 2,950:19: 8
Money towards answering the several Defends, for the
further Supply of the Colony 49:11: 8^
L 10,000: -: -
Georgia Trustees Office
Palace Court Westmr.
)
)
)
Harman Verelst Accotsnt.
8th. March 1736.
157e (461)
Given l6 March
1736/7 hut the
house only
granted
20000 i.
An Estimate of the Charges necessary for the further Settling the
Colony of Georgia in America.
1. For Sxpences accrued and accruing in America and England
from the 24th. of October 1736 to Midsummer 1737, being
8 months .. ....... 8,639s 2: 4
2. For 200 Servants under proper Officers to cultivate Lands
reserved for the Publick, to raise Provisions to
Supply the Eecessitys of the People who shall be
sent to the Colony and for Cattle for the said
Sei*vants at 24 lb in the whole for each. 4,800: -* -
3. In Addition to private Benefactions, For 20 Servants
and Cattle to cultivate Lands to raise a Provision
for the Maintenance of Ministers Catechists and
Schoolmasters, and for the other Religious Uses of
the Colony, at the same rate.. 480: -
4. For one years Provision to the Persons in the
Southern Division of the Province at Frederica,
Darien and St. Andrew.. 802:15:11
5. For Establishments there. 475: -s 8
6. For Establishment at Amelia and 3 ten Oar'd Boats,
the Wages of Men & Victualling them. 682: 5: 9
7. For 50 Rangers or Forresters on Horseback to drive XQ)
the Cattle, kill Deer, and keep open the Communica
tions throu^ the Province.1,259:8:8
157f (461)
8. Tor 100 Workmen for the Eoads and Fortifications at
40? a man each Calendar month. 2,400; -
9. For Presents for purchasing the Lands from the
Indians.1,000; -
10. For Provisions Cattle and Tools to he given to 100
Persons who will Pay their own Passage and joyn the
Southern Settlements at ! 7:10;0 each, and all other
Charges to he at their own Escpence. 750;
11. For one years Provisions to the Magistrates
Constables and Tythingmen in the Northern Division of
the Province at Savannah, Ehenezer, Hampstead, Higbgate,
Skidowa Tiyhee, jfthercorn. Thunderbolt & Fort Argyle . . 277:10;-
Carried over L 21,566; 3:4
(462) Brought over L 21,566; 3:4
12. For Provisions to those of the Settlers at the said
Places who want further Assistance -until their Lands
can supply them. 800;
13. For the Establishment at Fort Augusta.. 343:10;-
14. For keeping the Stores, Support of the Sick, the
Widows and Orphans, Surveying & Setting out of Land,
Publick Work, the Charges of the Italians eH5)loyed
for the Production of Haw Silk, and for o-ther Con
tingent Escpences in the Colony. 646 ; 2;1
157g (462)
16 Maxell
1736/7
15 !Eki House Eent for the Trustees Office, Salaxys to
their Secretary and Accomptant, Wages to their
Messenger and Housekeeper, Incident Charges, and
Rewards for extraordinary Services . 6OO: -
t 23,955:15: 5
(465) Particulars of the Articles in the Estimate from Midsummer
1737.
Of the 24. for Charges of Servants
Charges of 3bnbridmlndenting them & till Shipped . . .1:10:0
Frei^t 5: 0:0
Cloathing vizt,
10 Yds. of Plaid at 10^.0: 8;4
4 Shirts contg. 12 Yds. at 6^.0; 6:0
7^ Yds. of Cads, for Trowsers at 10^. 0; 6:3
2 pair of Shoes at 4 a pr.0; 8:0
a Bonet.C:0:8
Tallow for the Shoes &c.0: 0:9
-- 1:10:0
Provisions vizt.
208 pds. of Meat at 2^ a pd..
52 pds, of Cheese at 4? a pd..
26 pds. of Butter at 6. a pd.
12 bushels of Com at 3^ ^ hush.
1:14:8
0:17:4
0:13:0
1:16:0
5: 1:0
HB. this is meant
Indian Corn
157R (465)
(5: 1:0)
Working Tools.2:0:0
Arms and Cartouch Boxes.... 1:0:0
Cattle.1:0:0
Thread and Needles.0:3:0
First Charge 17: 4;0
Second year. vizt.
Cloa,thing as above.1:10:0
Provisions.5: 1:0
Qliread and Needles &c...0:5:0
-- 6:16:0
24: -: -
Of 802:15:11 a year for Provisions to the Settlers at
Frederica, Darien and St. Andrew, vizt.
At Frederica
20,586 pds. of Meat at 2^ a pd.171:12;0
15,980 pds. of Eice at I? a pd. 66:11:8
877-|- bushels of Corn at 3 131*12:6
2,340 CJparts of Molasses at 18. a Gall, 43;J7:6
-413:13:8
At Darien
6,800 pds, of Meat at 2?" a pd. 56:13*4
816 bushels of Corn a,t 3* .... 122: 8:0
2,040 pds, of butter at 6^ a pd. . . . 51* 0:0
1,904 pds. of Cheese at 4? a pd, ... 31*14:8
^ - 261:16:0
Carried over 675* 9:8
157i (466)
Broia^t over L 675! 958
At. St. Andrew.
10,296 pds. of Meat at 2^ a pd.85:16:0
5,148 pds. of Hice at 1^ s pd. ..... 21: 9:0
92 bush.els of Corn at 3* ...... 13:16:0
45|- Gallons of Molasses at I8f ... 3: 8:3
114 pds. of Totpcco for the Servts.
at 6^ apd.2
-
:17:0
127: 6:3
-- 802:15:11
Of Istahlishments at Frederica, Darien and St. Andrew at
1 475:0:8 a year from Midstnomer 17.37* vizt.
4t Frederica
A Surveyor at ...... 54:15:0
2 eii5)loyed in the Store at 14. Curcy.
a month each . ...48: 0:0
a G\mner & 3 hands when en^loyed in the
Pettiaugua at iBwgayi-timaimArTrr
10^ Curcy. a month each.68:11:5
And the Master of the Pettiaugua at
T
12. Curcy. a month.20:11:5
-- 191:17:10
At Darien
A Storekeeper at............ 24: 0:0
And a Cattle keeper at ......... 2:0:0
-26: 0:0
157.i (^66)
At St. Andrew
An Snsign at.. 24: 0:0
3.
The Overseer of the Works at 8.
Currency a month.13:14:4
10 men at 8^ C\irrency a month each ... 137; 2:10
X
A Storekeeper & Stirgeon at 14.
Curcy. a month each.48: 0:0
And 2 Carpenters at 10? Currency a
month each.. 34; 5:8
-- 257: 2:10
-- 475f 0: 8
Of ii 7:10;0 a year each to Persons who shall jojm the
Colony. vizt.
350 pds. of Meat at 2? a pd.2;18:4
200 pds. of Eice at if a pd.0il6:8
16 bushels of Com at3f.2;8;0
a bushel of Salt.0;1;0
Cattle to 5 at each.1:0:0
2 Hoes and an Axe.0;6:0
-- 7:10; 0
The further Assistance in Provisions to the Northern Settlers
is confuted for 20of at 4? each.
(467) Of the Establishment at Port Augusta at 343:10:0 a year.
vizt.
The Captain at.50:0:0
The Lieutenant at.30:0:0
& 15 private men at 17:11:4 each a yr. 263:10:0
157k (46?)
9EPiX9K}gt
343:10: 0
Of 646:2:1 a year for other Annual Expences In Georgia
from Mldsr. 1737* -vizt.
The Storekeeper & Chief Magistrate.50: 0:0
3 Clerks at 20^ a year each ..60:0:0
a Cooper at.35j 2:8
The Smith for Repairs of Indian Arms at 25^ & for
other Repairs at 25^.50:0:0
The necessary Support of the Sick, the Widows
and Orphans at. 100: 0:0
The Hire of 2 Sgtiiasa: Pettlaugua.s at Xi 56;l4:8|-
a year each.113* 9*5
The 2 Millwrights for huilding a Saw Mill at
i 4:12:0 Sterl, a month ..110; 8:0
A Cowpen keeper at Ehenezer at.. 24:12:7
The Wages Provisions Cloathing & Necessarys to
the Italian Silk Winders at.78:19:11
Ann to Francis Piercy for work in the Puhllck
Garden at l/6 each Working day.23* 9*6
-- 545; 2; 1
157-1 (469)
16 March Particulars of Eaqpences accrued & accrtdng to Midsr. 1737*
1736/7
Demands from abroad 3*200; -
For 3 years and 4 months Salary to the Storekeeper and
Chief Magistrate at Savannah at.50!'.a.year from. .... 166;13: 4
February 1736
For an House for a Ferry at Cooanoochi .. 20:-;-
For a Boat for the said Ferry ............... 10; -
For an House for Thomas Mouse of Skidoway to lodge
Passengers to the Southward, which he is to repay. 20; -
To be advanced Andrew Duche towards his Potthouse ..... 200: -
For the 25 Hangers at Fort Argyll at i 629;l4;4 a Year
for 8 months from October I736 ....... . 419;l6; 2
For a Boat for Augusta. 29:-;-
For 6 Swivel Gms .. I6; -; -
For btiilding the Fort there .. 40; -
For Tools and Nails for building it. 20: -
For btdlding a Storehouse Wharfe and Crane at
Savannah ................. . 500; -
For Irovisions for V/alter Augustine and his Assistants
while repairing a Saw Hill not exceeding ......... 60: *
I i
For 3 Clerks to the Storekeeper at Savannah at 40. a
year each for 8 months to Midsr. 173?.. ~
157ia (469)
For 2 Ltobourers at ! 8:15:8 a year each. & a Cooper at
L 35:2:8 a year for the same time.46:16:11
Hie Smith for Repairs of Indians Arms at 25^
Do. for other Repairs at
a year for the same time.33: 6: 8
Hecessary Support of the Sick, the Widows and Orphans at
100? a year for the same time.66:13:4
Hire of 2 Pettiauguas at it 56:14:8^ a year each for the
same time ......... 75sl2:ll
Tho. Jones at it 28:2:2 a year and 2 men nnder his
Command at it 3:10:3 a year each for the same time.23: 8: 5
Two Millwrights for huilding a Saw Mill at 4:12:0 Sterl.
a month ea. & 10 Labourers for their Assist.ance at
L 17:11:4 a year ea. for the same time.190:14: 3
A Co\fpen keeper at Ebenezer at L 24:12:7 a year for
the same time .... l6; 8: 5
Carried omsr L 5234:10: 5
(470) Brought over L 5.234:10; 5
For Establishment at Fort Augusta at L 343il0;0 a
year as by Particulars hereafter mentioned for the
same time.... 229: -: -
amftfargnr
157n (470)
For Wages Provisions Cloathing and ITecessarys to tlie
Italian Silk Winders at 78:19:11 a year for the same
time.52:13:3
g
Francis Piercy for Work in the Publick Garden at 1 /6 esich
working day for the same time.15:13:
10 men making the Western Road at 27^ Sterl. a month ea. for
the same time.. 108: -
For Provisions for the 4 Magistrates, 4 Constahles and
15 Tythingmen at Ehenezer, and the 7 Peace Officers at
Hac^stead, Highgate, Skidoway Qi^hee, Ahercorn, llnmderholt
and Fort Argyll at 7:10:0 a year each.. 185: -: -
For huilding the Minister*s & School House, a Com House,
a Storehouse & a Widow* s House at Darien.. 44: -: -
For a Wharfe and Crane from the Fort at Frederica. 50: -
For finishing the Store House there. 200: -: -
For Extra Allowance to Elisha Dohree exceeding 14^ C^3rcy.
a month for being en5)loyed in the Store at Frederica for
5 months to Lady Day 1737 at 2? a day, the Difference ... 5: 4: 2
For Establishments at Frederica Darien and St. Andrew
at 578:2:1 a year as by Particulars hereafter mentioned,
for the same time.... 385: 8; -
1570 (^70)
For Provisions to the Settlers at Do, at 802; 15!H a
year as hy Particnlaxs hereafter mentioned for the same
time.585; 3:11
For the Establishment at Amelia & 3 ten Oar*4 Boats,
the Wages of Men & Victualling them at i 682;5:9 a year
for the same time.h54:17s 2
For 50 Rangers or Forresters on Horseback to drive up
the Cattle, and keep open the Communications throxsgh the
Province at ii 1,259:8:8 a year for the same time. 839:12: 5
Carried forv/ard 1 lijB339: 2: 4
(471) Brought forward ! 8,339* 2: 4
For House Rent for the Trustees Office, Salarys to
their Secretary & Accountant, Wages to their Messenger
& Housekeeper, Incident Charges & Rewards for extra
Services at 600^ a year for the whole for 6 months from
Christmas 1736.300: -: -
! 8,639: 2: 4
Establishment at Fort Augusta to Midsummer 1737 at
L 343:10:0 a year. vizt.
The Captain at.50:
The Lieutenant at.30-
15 private men at L 17:11:4 ea. a year. 263:10;-
- 343:10: -
157p (^71)
Establishments at Frederica Darien & St. Andrew at
1 578:2:1 a year. vist.
At Frederica
a Surveyor at ....... 5^;15:0
. 4
2 en^loyed in the Store at 14. Curcy.
a month each.. 48:
A Gunner 3 hands when eii5)loyed in
the Pettiaugua & 4 Labourers at
10^ Curcy. a month each.137: 2:10
a,
Ihe Master of the Pettiaugua at 12.
Curcy. a month .20:11:5
And for Clop thing of the 4 Lahotirers
at L 1:10:0 a year each ...... 6: 0: 0
-266: 9:3
At Darien
A Storekeeper at.. 24; 0:0
And a Cattle keeper at. 2:0:0
At St. Andrew
An Ensign at.. 24; 0:0
The Overseer of the Works at 8. Curcy.
a month .13:14:4
T
Ten men at 8* Currency a month each. . . 137? 2:10
A Storekeeper & Surgeon at 14. Curcy,
a month each. 48: 0:0
1
2 Carpenters at 10. Curcy. a month
each. 34: 5:8
157

Locations