Letters from Georgia, v. 14206, 1741 June-1742 December

Volume l4206
1 (1)
Mr. Tho. Jones to Genl. Oglethorpe
Savannah 9th June 17^1
I have this day sent Dormers Ferriage, the Mollasss., Flowr.,
and Carts, as the inclosed Acct. ~
Eohert Williams Saith That the Sum he "borrowed of your Excel
lency, (for which he gave his Note) has "been paid to Mr. Verelst, "but
cannot prod-uce Mr. Verelsts Feet, for such payment If you please to
send Bearer his his promisory note to me, I am well assured can
o"blige him to pay the money, otherwise shall Secure his person, he
having no Effects that I know of in this Colony
James Williems with his Sloop was gone for Chas. Town before
Hr. Foster arrived here. What he has done in the Affair, with Fobt.
Williams (who told me he would answer any demand Capt. Davis had on
his Brother) I am not made acquainted with, Tho I had been desired
both by Williams and Foster to be present at the Settling those Acets.
I tmderstood. They chose to have the Acct. Examined yesterday by
Mr. Fallowfield Late last night Dormer came to me and said That
Mr. Fallowfield end Parker had sent him their order, not to take
Foster on Board his perriague at his Peril, for that Wm. Ewen hp,d a
demand on him for four pounds, as Attorney to Edwd. Jenkins I
desired Dormer to Acquaint those Gentlemen that vrlie^tever demand
Jenkins had on Foster I would answer, when Jenkins appeared to make
good his demand. That I was Surprized to find that they would coun
tenance such Vexatious Clandestine Suits in behalf of a Men who had
2 (1)
hitherto defrauded the poor Orphans of their (2) money and Effects,
and took Shelter in Chas. Town from the Just Claims that many poor
people in this Colony had on him of moneys due to them.
Your Excelly. will receive herev/ith, a packet with Silk worm
Seed, from Mrs. Carouse, and one other, being Drats. of plans &c, from
Jos: Fitzwalter.
Capt. Wiggins came to me last friday and told me he was obliged
to come down after three Indians, who he said v/ere dangerous fellows,
that he would come to me in the afternoon, and let me know of the
Affair That this had prevented his meeting Capt. Dunbar at the
Ckonees, but he had sent up a person in his stead to meet the Capt.
there; I have not seen him since But find he is still in Town, and
Endeavours to perswade the Indian Chiefs to return to the Ifetion and
not wait on your Excelly. Mr. Kent can inform your Excelly. with
more than I know of this and other Affairs.
John Spencer Indian Trader, who waits on your Excellency with
the Indians shewed me an Acct. of some goods Dd. by him to Indians to
the amot. of 13.13*6. I have referred him to your Excellys. Orders
about pf^naent for the Same.
Ca.thcart, who came here with Penrose, is yet with me, I proposed
to him to Serve at Fort Augusta under Mr. Kent, which he is very
desirous of, and hope may prove a good Man, If it be not agreeable to
yotir Excellency, I hope you will let me know your pleasure therein
before I send him thither.
I have paid the Sums your Excellency has Ordered (^) to Mr.
Hobrendorff and Desausure I shall as Soon as I can attend your
Excellency with ph Account of that and other payments made hy me pur
suant to your Excellency's Instructions.
(5) Mr. Tho. Jones to Genl. Oglethorpe
Savannah 11 June 17^1
I received the favour of your Excellys. Letter of the 8th
Germain, the same day Dormers Perriague went from hence with sundrys
which I advisd your Excelly. of Mr. Kent.
Mr. Minis has sent Peter Emerys Boat for Bough Rice to Cockrans
Plantation at Bloody Point, and is to carry the Same directly to
Prederica (I hear he "bought the Rice at 12/6 Curry. ) we have neither
Corn nor Rice, when can procure any shall not fail to send it, The
Price of Rice is fallen at Charles Town from la J to L 2.12.6.
I purposed to have attended your Ixcellcys. commands at Frederica;
But waited for Mr. Parkers comi-ig to Town (which he promised to do for
near three weeks past) in order to Examine several accts. which I had
in readyness to transmit to the Trustees: he came to Town on Monday
Evening, and promised to he with me and Colonel Stephens hy Seven of
the next morning, in order to Examine the Accts. He came about nine
and brought Mr. Fallowfield with him, They made no stay, but went
together to Mr. Pyes (who keeps an Ale house) where they continued
drinklTig till past Eleven.
Notice had been given by publick Advertisement Th^t a Negroe
^ (5)
lately Seized and foiond working in this Colony was intended to he sold
hy Vendj.e &c, hy ten of the Clock tlip,t morning Col. Stephens ca:ne to
the Store, where several Forishnrg people and others were waiting
But having waited above an hour (6) for Mr. Parker and Mercers coming.
We sent for the llegroe, when brought, Mr. Parker and Psllovrfield came;
I ha,d the llegroe Act in my hand and was about relating the purport of
it to the Carolina people there about the Store door, Mr. Pallowfield
interrupted me, sa^/ing I wss very officious, Ihat he did not know why
things should be done at the Store, !Eha.t I had disposed of a llegroe
last year, (bought by Cap. Thomson) in Clandestine manner at the
Store, which he knew nothing of, Mr. Parker said the same, I told them
that Publick Hotice had been given, end I did not
remember, but was certain several people were then present and bid at
the Sale, particularly Dr. Tailfer and Mr. Sterling; I adced That I did
not knowf by what Authority he calld me to Acct. He replied he knew
there was an appointment of persons, but as he was a Magistrate, no
persons appointment should exclude him I desired them to do as they
thought best, I would not intermeddel therein The Negroe was sold
for t 8.10 to Mr. Morell
Mr. Parker and Mr. Fallov/field vjent sgain to Mr. Pyes, where they
remained till three in the afternoon, when they adjourned to Penroses,
a where they Committed Mr. Horris's late Maid servant; (who had been
deliverd of her Child but on Saturday lest) where She remained with
her Infant till next day at noon, and then discharged by Mr. Pye with
out any further Enquiry I will not trouble your Excellency with the
Depositions relating to that Bastard Child at this time, but am now
5 (6)
obliged to divulge (contrary to my Inclination) the whole affair to
the Trustees. (?)
I entreat your Excellys. patience in suffering me to relate a
finished piece (as they imagine) of their contrivance to ruin me;
which has heen Drought to perfection since the arrival of Williams at
a Savannah; John Pye hath made Oath before Mr. Parker and Fallowfield.
Tha,t I caused some leaves out of a Book in the Store to he cut out,
which contained some part of Mr. Jennise Acct. which I am informed
has heen already sent to Mr. Jenny's at Charles To^m together with the
Copy of a Letter from me to Mr. Verelst, as also the Copy of another
Letter sent hy me to your Excellcy. What Letters those were I
cannot imagine, hut as to the main charge against me, I am no ways
concerned thereat, having those leafes to produce, and are only a Copy
of part of the Acct. kept hy Mr. Causton But being written in a large
Folio Book, which I had occasion for, and being only a Copy of what is
Extant in the Leiger and nrhich Pye had also transcribed in Order to
State the Accts. to the Trustees, I caused those leaves to he taken
h out, in Order to use the Book for keeping future Accts. in, I had
entrusted Pye to taJce an Acct. of all ma-terial Letters I at ^ny time
writ to Mr. Verelst or to your Excelly. not suspecting then his
^Vhen I was last at Frederica it was reported here as News
received from Charles Town, that I was gone off, and had carried away
a large sum of money and all the Books of Accounts with me If I
should at this time depart out of Savannah they would publish I had run
away out of fear of being prosecuted for Crimes committed I would
6 (7)
willingly serve your Excelly, (8) end the Trusts, in every affair with
faithfullness, to the utmost of my power and Capacity Bit I shall
not trouble your Excellency at this time with these Itnpertinency8
a only beg leave to add ths.t Dr, Tailfer by his Circular Letters to Andw.
Grant, Cspt, Me intosh, and others his friends, tells them tha,t the
Paliament have orderd the free use of Begroe Slaves, And that the
b lands in Georgia shall be held in fee Simple The Young Manager at
London hs.th 8,lso writ to his friends here to the same purpose triuarohing in the Success of his unwearied application in their behalf against
the Trust, and in the overthrow of Sr. Robert.
The Master of a Small Vessell, about 20 Tun, which came here
lately with provisions from Bew York, having complained to one of the
exorbitant demands of the Collector for Clearance &c, which he said was
more than ever he paid at Charles Town or any Port in the Vh Indies;
I told him I had nothing to do in the affair, but I would acquaint
your Excellency with his demands, and did not doubt (if the demands
were unreasonable) it should be otherwise for the time to come. I have
enclosed the Copy of the Collectors Bill, and submit it and every other
affair to your Excellencys Pleasure
II The sum paid for Clearance was i 1.17.6.
(9) Reed. 1 Sept. 17^1 answd. I6 Sept.
Extract of a. Letter sent by Mr. Habersham Superintendent
of the outward affairs of the Orphan House in Georgia,
7 (9)
To the Eevenend Mr. V/hitfield then at Charles Town
11 Jme 1741.
-Satan rages furiously -gainst their Institution in this
Province, such lies and Calunnies are raised against us, that our few
dear friends think it necessary for me to represent the present State
of our House. I have since "been much in prayer, end heleive God will
direct me how to Act,-Some here since you went, have gone greet
Lengths in asserting Caliomnies even so as to offer to take oaths for
the truth of them. Since I came I went to them to enquire whet founda
tion they had for such Reports; and it would Surprise you to See their
Behaviour. They are ashamed to lift up their faces. Thus shall the
Wicked stand dumh at the Bar of God.
a I think I can say to the Glory of God that our Family never
v/ere in a Better Condition. The Children, the Essence of our Consti
tution, are well taken care of and watched over. We all live in
Love. God has "been visibly amongst us, especially the Children.
Bethesda., as to its outii'ard Circumstances, is so much for the Better
that you would be Surprised to see it. God enables us to keep up much
Orders He lilcewise Blessed (lO) be his name, has given us the appear
ance of a plentiful Crop. The Garden and Plantation now affords us
many Plen4iful Comfortable things, and in great Plenty. Our Stores are
yet well Stocked with Plover and Beef, &c; Mr. W; behaves with great
Integrity, and is faithfull in his vrork. The House would be soon
Jo. Sellier finished if we could get Bricks, Jo. S. is ready to do all our Brick
layers work grc-tis. Brother N. is a great Blessing to the family. If
you come by way of Philadelphia pray bring some Hemp and Corse Flax.
8 (10)
He has v;ove aad Spijii a great deal for us. All the Boys now lie in the
great House. They have got Coats and are laid in sheeting of their own
making. h" this means they are kept Sweet and Clean. We have a
fine growing Stock of Cattle and if God should so order it that we
might have a Pla.ntation in Caroline, as I heleive he will "bring it to
pass, we shall need hut little, if any assistance from abroad. If our
Buildings were now done our Expence iirould he hut trifling to ifhat they
have been.
(12) From Ja. Camuse reed. 1 Sept. answd. l6 Sept.
Saxranhah in Georgia 12 June 17^1
Honble. Gentlemen
I have received the favour of your Honours Letter Dat. June
11th 17^0 h;;- which I see that you have order'd your Commissioners in
Georgia to draw a Bill of Exchange upon your Honrs, for j? ny payment
of 78.16.8 Sterl. Being the Ballnnce of my Acet. with your Store at
Savannah to Tber. 29 1739 which they have complyed with accordingly,
and deliver! me the same in Jeny. last, and I have Indorsed it to Mr.
Jas. Cambell or order. I return your Honours my hearty and humble
thanks for Ordering me Satisfaction on that head; But Gentlemen give
me leave to lay before your Honrs. tha,t I objected against Sundry
Articles charged in my said Acet. Current and Sundrys omitted to be
Credited for in the same, all which Objections and demands I produced
to his rixcellency Genl. Oglethorpe v;ho Comraitted them to Mr. Thomas
9 (12)
Jones one of yoiir Commissioners in this place. And I see hy the said
Ballan.ce order'd to he pend me that no Attention has heen done to them;
Therefore I teJke the Liberty to send them here inclosed-, hopein^ from
your Honours justice to he Relieved hy your Orders to he paid for the
amount of (I3) them, the same way I have heen Order's for the Sum of
L 78.16.8 Exclusive of my Objections and demands against the said Acct.
I See further. Gentlemen, that you send me an abstract of an
Establishment hy which you allow L 20 for my Family and L 12.3*^ ior
the maintainance and Cloathing of a Servant, maMng together 32.3*1
siqjpose Gentlemen, this Sum, to he an addition to the Sailary you
granted me before Hovj, 8.nd in this Case, I return you thousand thanks
for yr. Honours Generosity towards my fartily for which I intended to
address for a Supply, being very hard for such a great family as mine
(7 in number) to subsist here with 2 daj' for provisions alone, as
you may see by the Estimate here Inclosed.
As for my part Gentlemen, I will do all my Endea-vour to learn
the people to bring to a desired Success the sxuns by your Honours
eppropria-ted for the Encouragement of the Silk Manufacture. In the
mean while give me leave to lay before your Honours the following
That the Silk Manufacture begin only to take Hoot in this Place;
Tha.t Several Inhabitants will begin this year to feed Silk worms with
the leaf of the Mulberry Trees they (l4) have Sowd, Raised and Culti
vated themselves; If it has not had so good a Success before nov/, as
'tv;as espected, tis no way my fault or neglect. That every year I have
10 (14)
done as much Silk as twss possible from tjie produce of the Trees in
your puhlick Garden, that I have always encouraged the Inhabitants
here as well in our nei^hourhood to plant and Cultivate Mulberry
Trees shewing them the great Benefit they may raise from them every
year; Tha.t tis a necessity to vrait Siindry years to bring a Mulberry
tree to perfection, but when come to it, tis of a great Eevenue.
a Here Gentlemen be pleased to observe that in this Country we
have been under great disappointments from the weather which prevented
the making of more Silk than I have done before; The Trees are still
young and those who are nov/ raising will be still Subject to Sundry
Accidents, But when they shall be once 9 or 10 years Standing, the
Intemperature of the weather will have no such Effect upon them.
Therefore, Gentlemen, as you got a mind to carry on such Manufacture
give me leave to lay before your Honours the necessity and Justice of
encouraging of it, by giving means of living to (15) those who Sett
themselves upon it, for tis impossible to depend for the first years on
the produce of young trees for as much as they may be in number.
Besides those proper and Suitable places must be built and prepared
for the feeding of Silk worms, wha;t brings the prople to^ great
expenses. These are the many Considerations I lay before your Honours
on that head.
A=; to my own private concern give me leave to tell your Hono'ors
that I have laid every year (Since I am in this Colony) under such
trouble and hardship to gett my Wages and provisions from your Store,
as you may see by the Accts. Sent to your Honotors by your Commissioners,
for the Ballance of which from the begining of the year 1736, You
11 (15)
a Orderd me the payment of 78l6.8. that I h-umbly desire leave to
draiif a Bill of Exchange on your Honours directly for every 3 months
tha,t shall come due to me, for I will depend no longer on the Commis
sioners for the payment of njy Sallary and delivery of my provisions;
One sends me to the other and so mutually, And twas at the last
Extremity and many Sollicitations tha.t Mr. Stephens has complyed with
h your Order to deliver me that Bill of Exchange. So, Gentlemen, to
prevent any further trouble on that head I lay before your Honours the
Amount of one years (l6) years Sallary and charges of Provisions, for
the 4th part of which I beg leave to draw upon your Honours for every
quarter of the year that shall come due.
a The Sallary granted me before for every jckx ) LSD
30 0 0
For Cloathing..5 0 0
For washing and Beding.5 0 0
Pin Money for my V/ife 1 p v;eek.2 12 0
The Amount of Provisions as u Estimate inclosed.J6 14 7
79 6 7.
Addition of 5 'o Ann. to my former Sallary granted )
) 5 0 0
by his Bxcelly. Genl. Oglethorpe in the year 1738 ) ___________
84 6 7
Addition granted from Michmass 1739 as , y^ Honrs. )
) 32 3 4
Letter dat. 11 June 1740 ) _
Total Ann. L 116 9 11.
12 (16)
Every 3 months is 29 2 5 3/^ St. Exclusive of 10 ^ St. u
Ann. for each of the 4 Apprentices vhen any of them with my Wife; But I
h\nnhly desire your Honours to Settle for every Apprentice a Bounty of
20 ii to he paid me when out of her time, whether She die in the time
of he AFjrentiship or talcen away from my hands, whet, please God, will
not happen. (1?)
As I ejroect from ,'Qur Honoiirs Justice the payment of my objec
tions to my before said Account and of all my Just Demands annexed
to them, I hope you will consider that I was promised for my Self and
Family to be free of all Charges of Physick end Pijysician as well as of
Lodging. To trouble your honours no more on that head be pleased to
grant me the Sum of 20 L St. Annum for Expenses of Dr. and Medicines.
As for my Lodging please your Honours to Order me a Dwelling House
wherein I may keep the feeding of the worms conveniently, Considering
the great hardships I lay under to go from House to House in the Worm
feeding time night and day by rain or frost to feed the said Worms.
I have Suffer'd till now all those hardships for the Hope given me
that a Convenient House should be built or pr^ared for that purpose;
But I see that hope frivolous and vain So I am obliged to Complain.
For near 7 yeans I dwelt with my numerous family in so little and
Straight a house that I can live so no longer, and if the Silk Manufac
ture has not had the desired Success, tis in part for want of Convenient
a place. I humbly desire yr. Honrs, answer upon the Heads forementioned
and to beleive me yr. Honrs.
most humble and most obedt. Servant,
James Lewis Camuse
13 (18)
Objections and Demands of James Levris Camus on the
Honourable the Trustees Store at Savannah in Georgia
17?7 LSD
Oct. 28 Patrick Tailfers Bill . . . for Piiysick .... .02 11 0
June 12 1 Yard Gurlix . . . for the Silk worms. ..... 0 1 6
July 15. 1 Iron bouno. Cask . . . for water. 0 2 6.
30. 1 Qt. of Sweet Oyl . . .for Physick.0 2 0
7ber.28 Patrick Grahams Bill . . . for Physick.0 12 0
Butter allowed only 16 lb. for 2 years and )
ought to be 112 lb. being 7 heads in ). . . 3 . 0 . 0
. )
family, Difference is 96 lb. at 71 )
Lamp Oyl Charged March 1st 1728
1738 26 Qts. being only 6 Q,ts. -IMay 30 16 Qts. being only 6 Qts. ^
42 Qts. 13 Qts.
29 Difference at6^.014 6
A Gown and Petticoat allowed only 1 L, and
o\i^t to be at least 2 L difference is.1.0.0
8 4 0
John Battists Certificate for in the Scout )
Boat under John Eae )1.11.1.-|'*
Francis Vanals Certificate for Ditto 1.11.1.^*
14 (19)
Brou^t Over. 8.4.0
Peter Bresses dreAight on James Smitli one of ) '
the Undertakers of the Sav/ mill at Old )l 8 10'
Ehenezer ) '
A Bill for Lodging and dressing Victxials for )
Claude Carqueville and Peter Gilher, 2 ) '
) 6 .14 .11
Prench Prisoners from fiber. 1st I738, to H I6.IO'
s > '
9ber. 12th follov/ing being 6 weeks at 6 ) '
week as before allowed ) '
Washing for the Same for Ditto time.0 6. 0
L 6.14 15
14 .18 .11
Three years Provisions and Cloathing
for a Servant, being a Young; Girl,
from Dec. 1st. 173^ Dec. 1st. 1739
Left in blank for an allowance; but
I pass it nov/ according to your Honrs,
allov/ance ss yr- Letter dated 11th
June 1740 Tiac^xxs
L S d
The three years at 12 . 3* 4. Annum is.36 .10 . 0
One year more for Ditto to December 1st.
1740.12 . 3 . 4
Carry'd over 63 .12 . 3
15 (20)
Brought over.63 . 12 . 3
Received from the Store for tiie use of the
spid Girl
In Mr. f
time (
1736* 6 yds. Blew plain at 22^.0 . 11 . 0
1737 1 pair Shoes.0. 3.6.
1738- 6 yards Linsey Woolsy l4^.0 . 7*0
1739. 6 yds. of Oznahrig at 10^.0. 5*0
6 yds. Plain Blew at 22^.0. 11 . 0
6 yds. Gnrlix atl.. 0. 6.0
1 Pair of Shoes.....0. 3.6
Ii 2 70
Addition to my Sailary granted hy
his Excellency General Oglethorpe
in the year 1738 of 5 S' a year is for
2 years to Michmass. 17^0.10. 0.0
73 . 12 . 3.
2 . 7.0
71 . 5.3
L S d
For which snio of 71 5 3- pleased
to Order me payment 8,nd youll oblige
Your most humble and obedt. Servt.
Deducted for Siindrys deliverd from
the Store as above .
Jcacomo Leuigio Carauso
16 (21)
Allowance of Vsiges and Provisions Granted
Jas. Levfis Camuse and Family "by Ms
Excellency Genl. Oglethorpe in the Year
Wages.. . ).. 30 . 0 .
) 22. Ann.
Washing and Bedding ).. 5.0.
Pin money for Wife 1 n Week .... 2 .12 .
Provisions for a year changed at ye Store
Meat . .
Flower .
Hice . .
Corn . .
Sugar - .
Buter. .
Wine . .
Beer . .
Lanro Oyl
1560 Ih. .... at 2^ ... 13 . 0 .
1600 Ih.at 11 T) Ct. 8 .16 . timm
^00 Ih.at 6 2_ Ct. 1.4.
4 Bus. ... at 18^. . . 0.6.
20 Ih. . . . . at 4*^ . . . 0.5.
,7 heads at 8 Ih,
12 Gal.
at 7
. at 1
. 10 .
1 .12 .
. 26 Gal. 2 Qts. week . ,
at 4 . . . 5.4.
. 91^ftaix2% 1 <5,t, p dsy . .
at 1 4 .11 .
. 26 Qts. 1 pint p
6^ . 13 .
36 .14 .
0. )
0 )
0 )
) 42
.12 . 0
86 .14 . 7.
79 . 6 . 7.
17 (22)
Mr. Tho. Jones to Genl. Oglethorpe receivd. 26. Aug.
Savannah l6 June 17^1
On Monday last Col. Stephens reed, the inclosed Letter from
Jos: Pavay at Fort Argile, which he communicated to me We thought
it our best ivay to send to Mr. Noble Jones, that he might have a Strict
Bye to the Passages up the Ogeeche (wanting Saddles which we have sent
for to Charles Town to Mount the Rangers) imagining by the Acet. v-rhich
Harry Myers who brot. the Letter, gave us, tha,t those he and Pavy
heard talking in the Swamp were, either Deserters from the Army, or
Runaway Negroes, by their Speech, which did not sound like the
Indian Mr. Jones we heard was with his Boat at Savannah halving
come away from the Guard house on the Narrows oh Sunday, in Order to
bring one Sr. Rd. Everard, Ih*. Norris, and Mr. Upton to Town, who had
been some days at Mr. Pallowfields, Col. Stephens directed him to
return with the Boat without delay, which he did the next tide of
^ Ebb.
The real concern I have for the Safety and Welfare of this
Colony, as well as the Interest of your Excellency and the other
Trusts., my Masters, enforceth me to trespass on your Patience, by
a relating several Occurrences in themselves trivial, but seem to me to be
Exxi: calculated for carrying on the Grand design of the overthrow of
the Colony, and of the British Government therein, I hope yoxir Excel
lence will bear with my prolix way of writing about the Affair, and
pardon ray presumption in giving you so much trouble.
18 (22)
t) About a month, since Sr. Eichd. Everard came to Spvpnah along
with Zennedy Ohrien from Angusta, in order, (23) as he said, to take
Passage for England with Cap. Thomson; e were soon informed hy him
self that he was a person of great Faportance, not only in America,
hut in England, where he hoped to he before the Elections of Members
for Paxliament. Tha.t he was of the Temple and had Studied the Laitf &c,
and an Author, one of his performances, as such he gave me, which I
have sent herewith e iieard soon after that he had been for some
time at Charles Town, but did not intend to Yisit the place again,
having sold it; Some Glamours also followed him from Augusta, But when
Mr. Robert Williams arrived here (who spared him a little money) and
Sr. Richards Skill in the Law was known, and beleived, a Strict
Alliance was formed between them, Mr. Andrew Grant, Mr. Eallowfield,
Mr. Norris, Mr. Evren, Mr. Pye, and some others less considerable, which
may in time produce considerable Events.
I4r. Cathcart who came v/ith Penrose, being a Shore, and I (per
ceiving the unhappy man much dejected) desired Penrose to let him lye
at his house untill he could get a Passage to Carolina or Elsev/here,
which Penrose consented to, The daj after, Cathcart standing or Setting
at the upper end of the long Passage in Penroses house, Sr. Eichd.
Everard being then drinking at the other End Sr. Richard asked
Cathcart what Business he had there, calling him Thief and perjured
Villain, and bid him go out of the house immediately, or he would t\irn
him out, Cathcart answerd, that if his being there was an Offence, he
would be gone, Sr. Richard took hold of him by the Collar and lead
(2^) or thinist him out at the back door into the yard
19 (24)
Catlicart came in again in Order to go out of the House, and as
he passed by them. Said It is true I am an ^mhappy man, but at another
time and place, you should not have treated me thus, who am as good a
Man as yotir Self Sr. Richard thereupon takes up a Shoe or Slipper
and beats him with it about the head - giving him Several Bruises
Oathcart cajne to me and complained I desired Col. Stephens and Mr.
Fallov/field to go v/ith me to the Store, Then sent to Sr. Eiche-rd
desiring to Speak with him there, who came accordingly, I acquainted
him with the CoE^laint made of him to us; he a,sked me, will you receive
the Con^laint of a Thief and a perjured person, against a Gentlemen,
I replyd, his being a Thief and perjured, were probanda,. And that his
Charging him with such henious Offences, if he did not prove them, were
Criminal, But the present Enquiry was, whether he had beaten the man
in the manner complained of, he said he had beaten him, but still in
sisted, the fellow was a Thief end perjured I told him, Sr. we
expect you to give us Sufft: Sureties that you appear at the next
sessions, to answer the complaint which shall then be made against
you Sr. Richard then said he did not think himself obliged to do
it unless the other Magistrate required it as well as my Self Mr.
Pallowfield said it was a very great provocation for a fellow to tell a
Gentleman of honour That he was as good a man a,s he or sd^ of his
Family I was not willing to enter into a Debate there with Mr.
Fallowfield, Therefore said I v;ould consent to deferr the further
hearing of (25) the matter to another time. And if Cathcart did not
persist in demanding Justice, I should say no more, Sr. Eichd. had
bioke Capt. Higgins heed. That he had lost above a Qy.art of Blood (as
20 (25)
is said) night before. But being a Brunlcen Qoarrell and no Com
plaint made as I know of, the same w'as compromised. (Cathcart has from
that time been at house)
Last Thursday Sr. Eichd. and Mr. Norris with two Gallons of Euni
and other necessaries went to Mr. Fadlowfields, and were followed by
Mr. Eye and Mr. Ev/en The next morning Mrs. Mathews called there,
ha^dng Mrs. Upton to accompany her so far, whom she left there. On
Satxxrday Mr. Falloxirfield desired his Wife and Mrs. Upton to go to Mr.
Parkers: for that Mr. Parker was to come there about Business of Con
sequence and that they should be busy in writing all day Accordinga ly Sr. Eich-=rd, Mr. Norris, Fallowfield, Pye, Parker, Bwen, and Mercer
continued in their Consultations, till Even, Except that about Noon
Mr. Mercer was dispatched, to the Orphan house, to serve a Warrant on
b Mr. Jona. Barber (a Copy of which have enclosed) - I shall not at this
time trouble your Excellence, with the Circumstance of the affair, only
beg leave to make some remarks on the Warrant itself and vrhat ensued ^
That Mr. Barbers name being well known (at least by the Conplaint.) an
alias, as a token of Conte.ipt or Eeproach should be fixed on him, being
never Iniown or mentioned by that distinction, by any (that I heard of)
besides a drunken profligate Crew. That he was to be taken into
Custody upon a Conplaint without an;/ Oath made, end to remain in durance
(26) durence for three or four days, and then to be brought Eleven
miles to the Magistra.tes when they were then assembled within three
miles of the place And Mr. Barber came last night to Town, and sent
early this morning to acquaint Mr. Mercer therewith, who they said was
gone out Mr, Barber tarried at my house And about one of Clock
21 (26)
when we were going to dinner. Hr. Mercer csme, and told him the Magis
trates were met, and expected him; I told Mr. Mercer we were just going
to dinner. And tha.t Mr. Barher would attend them at any time or place
after he had dined. But Mr. Mercer insisted on his going then
Accordingly Mr. Barter went with him. As I was not desired to come to
them and was not present, can only relate what I heard from Mr. Barter
and others They discharged the Boy from the Orplian House, and told
him (Mr. Barter) Tlia.t if any of the Children committed any offence, for
which they Reserved severe Correction, he v;as to complain to the Magis
trates tut was not to correct them himself.
a I am well assured Mr. Fallowfield end Mr. Parker have (as they
themselves acioiowledged) received particular kindesses and -grgT
friendship from the people at the Orphan house. And that no personal
Grudge or Emnity can subsist against them. But that the Improvements
they have made in the Colony, contradicts what they have latoured to
make the World telelve; is the only reason of these their proceedings,
t hoping tloerety to drive them out of ye Colony. Their hatred to Mr.
Boltzius and the Saltzturgers at Etenezer (which ha.s teen shewn in
several instances) can proceed (27) from no other Cause.
Sr. Richard Everard and Mr. Norris (as v;as reported gax had
invited I-Ir. Parker and Mr. Fallowfield to suid with them on Monday
night at Penroses, they came to Town accordingly. But Penroses house
being too putlick, they adjourned to Morells (formerly Jenkins's)
where they had a great Con^pany, among others Capt. Patrick Msckay (now
at peace with 14r. Fallowfield aud very Zealous in the present Scheme)
Sr. Richa.rd was Poolocutor
22 (27)
At o^^x last Coiort Mr. Fallowfield desired our Concurrence
to grant Mr. Morell a License, which I objected to (and Mr. Parker v;as
then of lay opinion) :S3m. Judging it inconvenient to permit above the
number of four Publick houses (already Licensed) in the Town, And that
Mr. Morell who had been an Industrious person in planting, but now had
left off ought not to be encoioraged in such way of life But I
imagine noi^ they will grant him one, tho we hear frequent Complaints of
disorders there, particularly last week one of Capt. Wigginss men
(thought to have deserted) was at last fotind to be in morells house;
Mr. Wiggins got some people to go in order to take him, whom Morell
a assisted with his drawn hanger, but was overpowerd, the man is now in
the Loghouse.
I have herewith sent a Copy (writ in English by Mr. Boltzius) of
b what Mr. llorriss maid deposed before me, Mr. Habersham complained
c to me some time since (he is now at Chas. Town) that Mr. Horris took
with him when he went to Frederica, Several household furniture, (28)
idddc which he (Mr. Habersham) liad bought of Mr. Brownfield, as also a
Clock of his, besides other furniture which belonged to the House I
am at a loss what to do in the Affair,
(30) To I'ir. Verelts Prom Capt. Geo. Dunbar reed. 26 Augst.
Augusta 17 June 17^1
Sir Six
Upon the 24th past I sent you an. Abstract of the Generals
23 (30)
Orders to me to go to the Creek Indian Eation as it more fully "bears,
likewise his Letter of Advice acquainting you of his having drawn upon
you Bills of "Exchange for twelve hundred pound Sterling, and directing
you to mahe immediate application to the Treasuery for the
Same, as the pari, letters of a,dvice more fully heax.
) True Bill
Jos: Waldrope)
True Copy taken this 12th day of Aug.
17^4-1 by me
John Pye
(59) July 9th 1741
Savannah Ss/
We the Jurors for our Sovereign Lord the King Do on our *^aths
present, John lyndall for that he did in the month of May last past;
take up a Cow end Calf unmarked belonging to Sami. Mercer and brand
them G.C. said to be the brand of the Honble. the Trustees, and also
before and and since that time, within the said space of twelve
months, from the date, did also take up and brand with the same mark;
upwards of twenty unbranded Cattle, the property of the Freeholders of
the Tovm and County aforesaid; Contrary to the peace of our Sovereign
30 (59)
Lord the King Ms Orovm and Dignity
- A Trae Bill -
Samuel Mercer )
Peter and Anne Emery )
True Copy taken this 12th day of Aug.
17^1 "by me
John pye Eecorder
(60) July 9th 17^1
Savannah Ss.
We the Grand Jury for our Sovereign Lord the King do upon our
Oaths present Thomas Jones one of the Baylifs of the Town aforesaid,
for that since the hegining of J'une last he the Said Jones did hear
Thomas Upton of said Town, profanely Curse and Swear, and threatned to
punish him for so doing hut neglected to put the Statute in force in
that Case made and provided. Contrary to the peace of our Sovereign
Lord the King Ms Crown and Dignity
A True Bill
William Stephens Esq^r. ) True Copy
Francis Harris ) Taken this 12th
William Russell ) day of Aug. 174l
I/illiam Thompson ) hy me
John Stack ) Jolm Pye Eecorder
31 (60)
H.B. llie above nemed Will; Stephens was never called on as a Witness
nor does he know any thing of that matter
(6l) July 9th 1741
Savannah Ss
We the Jurors for our Sovereign Lord the King do on our Oaths
present William Stephens Ssqr. for contemptiously refusing to attend
this Grand J^rry being this day required to give Evidence for our
Sovereign Lord the King; Contrary to the atatfcgatx Statutes in that
Case made and provided; and to the peace of our Sovereign Lord the
Kind his Crown and Di^iity
- a True Bill -
John Birr ton
True Copy taken this 12th day of Aug.
1741 by me
John Pye Eecord.er
For the Truth of this, the above named Will; Stephens desires to
refer to his Journal, and the several particulars tnerein mentioned, of
the 7th 8th & 9th of July.
32 (64)
Mr. Tho. Jones out of a proceeding at Frederica wrote to Col. Stephens
24 July 1741 Eecd. hy the Trustees 28 Sephr. 1741
On Mondi-y the 19th of Jany. last, genl. Oglethorpe sent for me
to his Lodgings at Mr. Hawkins's house in Frecerica, where being come
he told me th^t Dsvid Fellows One of his V/ater men had been taken up by
a Warreut, Imprisoned, and Obliged to find S'ureties on the Oomplpint of
Sam. Perkins That he ha,d sent for David Fellows in order to have him
Examined on Oath about the affair, and that he would have me to be
present at the Examination I humbly beged lea.ve to declare my Senti
ments, That if his Excellency intended to take on himself the trouble
of enquiring into aiad determining affairs of that Ilature, Suoh as
breaches of the Peace, and private Quarrells, which had been determined
before by a Magistrate of the place; It wo^xld be more advisable to send
for the Magistrate end take his Report of the Matter as the Same
appeared before him; in the first place; And if the Magistrates Deter
mination in the Affair should be thought wrong; That then the Compleinant sho^xld be heard The General said tha,t Samuel Perkins was
a such a Rogue That he would not Stick at forswearing himself in any
Affair that concerned him.
David Fellows being come, declared (Robt. Patterson was
Orderd to write wh^t he Spoke, as the Deposition of David Fellows) That
Yesterday being Simbay about nine in the morning he went to Mr.
Perkins's house and was in Company with Mr. Perkins's Maid in the
Kitchen, when Mr. Perkins came down and desired him to go out of his
House, for that he would not allow him to keep Conpanj with his (65)
Maid, He (Fellows) refusing to go then, Perkins pushed him up the
33 (65)
Stairs, and took hold of him hy the hadr of his head That then he
struck Perkins, whereupon Perkins sent for Eohinson the Constahle,
who came and told this Deponent That he must go with him taking hold
of him hy the Coat, hut that He (fellows) Struck PLohinson and got
ax-/ay from him That in the Evening He (Fellows) was apprehended hy
Eohinson hy Virtue of A Warrant from John Calwell end carried first to
the Lo^ouse. That Eohinson Struck him with the hut end of his
Musquett, and afterwards being carried before Mr. Cadwell, He was
obliged to enter into Eecognizance with Sureties to Ansv.'er the Com
plaint of Perkins end the Constable at the Next Court And that Mr.
Calxrell convicted him of SxHxkHX Drunlceness end fined him 5 Shillings,
tho he was not Drunk Calvrell was then sent for, And asked how he
durst convict a. Man for being Drunk when the Man and other persons
swore he wps not drunk Calwell said he convicted him on his own
Confession, for Asking him the Eeason why he insulted Mr. Perkins in
his own house and Struck him, and afterwards Struck the Constable who
came to keep the peace Fellows said Thai he was then so Drunk that
he knexiT not what he said or did David Fellows denied that he said
any Such Words Mr. Calwell said that there were five or Six of the
Nei^hours present at the time when fellows said so, whom he heleived
must remember what he said, and would declare upon oath if required,
what they knexir The General then directed That what they knew should
be brought him in writing (66) Upon Oath Calwell returned in a Short
time, and brought with him an Affidavit in writing Signed by foxir or
five of the Freeholders who were present at Mr. Calv^ells and heard
David Fellows declare the Same as mentioned by Mr. Calwell The
3^ (66)
a SajaaEraiJc General having read the Affidavit seemed greatly displeased,
and Said they were all foresworn, and tha.t this was Perkinss managemt.
Eien Asked Calwell whj;" he dnrst Convict a Man of Dninlceness, on his
h own Confession which could not he Justified hy any Law: I then
heggd leave to acquaint his Excellency, That I was well assured tne
Statute of K. Wm. Directed the Conviction of Drunkeness to he on the
Confession of the party, the Oath of Witnesses, or View of the Magis
That If I might he allowed to declare my thoughts, I could not
Conceive wherein Mr. Calv:ell had acted Amiss vinless it was in not
acquainting his Excellency with the matter of the Complaint before he
had Issued a Warrant. As to that Calwell said He had been twice that
day before he would grant A Warrant to Wait on his Excellency in order
to Acquaint him there\'d.th, But coTzld not prevail with his servants to
go in and tell his Excellency. During this Examination (which con
tinued several hovirs) I often attempted to go out, hut was Orderd to
Stay, where I heard and observed such Rancour, and such manifest
c partiality, which I desire to forget, and hope the Affair v'ill he
buried in Oblivion, I could not forbear intreating his Excellency
to hear what Mr. Perkins, and Robinson the Constable had to Alledge in
their ovm Justification, And that (6?) if his Excellency had so bad an
Opinion of them that their Words or Oaths were not to be Credited, Yet
Several others of the WeighboTirhood could give some account of this
Affair being Bye, or Ear Witnesses of the whole That I heard it
reported. That Mr. Perld.ns had often in a Eriendly Calm manner forbid
David Fellows coming to his Maid servant under a pretence of woing her
when it was well knoim he had a Vi'ife living in England, And that
Fellows did Spy Ke would get Drunk on purpose and then go to Perkins's
house that he might Quaxrell with him.
Eohinson was soon after discharged from his Office of Constahle,
and another appointed in his Room, Calwell is not yet Suspended from
Acting as Sayliff, hut Thoinas Msriott, a Young Man of 19 years of Age,
Servant to the General, is appointed Second Bayliff Perkins's Case
is Such that I am not willing to mention But David Fellows had his
pay Augmented to three pounds month.
Steward a Soldier, and Crawford a Ranger, being Sent for to
prove that Fellows was not drunk and Sworn, were Interrogated
hliether they were in Compan;/' with David Fellows on Sunday morning
drinking, and whether they were driinl?:, declared that they drank with
him at Davisons between Seven and eight a Clock that morning a Pot of
Beer, and one pint and half Wine, and then parted with him. That they
were not drunk, nor did he appear to be drunk when he went away from
them (68) Then one Scrugs a Ranger voluntarily appeared And made
oath That he Saw Robinson the Constable when he wa.s carrying Fellows
towards the Logg house (upon Fellows seeming unwilling to go along)
Strike him with the Butt end of his Musquett, and that the Blow sound'd
on his Breast bone. Which he hard sound tho at some considerable dis
tance from him Fellows being asked whether the Blow h\irt him.
Said he never had received so violent a Blow in his life, and put his
hand on his left pap. Then the General said, it is evident the poor
man was hurt, and it may be his death, which any one may See by his
Breast being Swoln and Bruised I stood up and looked on that part of
36 (68)
his Breast, which he said was hurt, and also on the other side. And
asked him if he v/as certain he was struck on that Side, "both sides were
alike, for there was no Sw'elling, nor were either side discoloured "by
any Bruise The General said that he might notwithstanding lieve a
Eih broke, for many one had been killed by a Blow given, tiio no out
ward marks of violence appeared.
b Tile General asked Bellows, would you have sufferd Per}d.n*s or
Eobinson at any otlier time to have used you so? I know you are a
Brave fellow and if you pleased could have beat them to some purpose as
they deserved hat Perkins.* to Say You must not come to his House
a Vagrant, You are a Man of better Eeputation than he. He would not
have had a iiouse to put his (69) head in, in Georgia, if it had not
been for me Nor could he have had any house in England but at the
Kings providing, a Goal; He hoped to see him want Bread.
a In a Bay or two after, Attending his Excellency, He expressed
great uneasiness. That Perd.ns was repairing his House, representing
him and his Wife as the most infamous and abandoned Wretches living.
That he would never allow any person who had any dependance on him, So
much as to converse with them I intreated his Excellency to pardon
me, in telling him, that I had reason to believe that he was misinformed
in the Account he gave of them (when living in London, Bor that I knew
Mrs. Perkins from her Childhood, Her Father (now living) Eoger Ubank
was ny near Neighbour, and Friend, And was a person of considerable
Substance, and of good reputation, As was her Unkle Mr. Thomas bank
who lived and dyed at Hampstead, And had bequea.thed her by V/ill 200 L,
which I knew had been pe.id to her. But did not know what her father had
37 (69)
given towards her portion, Eiat She had oeen well Educated, and was
always esteemed to be a modest Chast Woman, As to Mr. Perkins I had
no other Acquaintance v?ith him in London, Than as I knew him to be a
Livery man of the City, of the Coach makers, and I had by his Patlier in
Law, Mr. Fbank sought for his Friendship and Acquaintance on some
b particular Occasions The General then said. That he had an Acct.
given him upon Oath, That Perkins had la,tely declared. That he, the
General, v/as (70) was an Oppressor, and paid no body and that he
(Perkins) had endea.vo^I^ed to engage the Townsmen And Soldiers to
destroy him At the same time (pulling a paper out of his pocket) I
told his Excellency that v/hat Perkins ha,d said and done, if true, was
an Offence of that nature as required an imedisle Enquiry into, and the
Severest punishment That I hoped his Excellency woiild not delay
taking Cognizance thereof, being a matter where his own preservation,
as well as the publick Safety was concerned,
a The General then sent for Eobert Patterson, \yho being come, v/as
asked v?hat he heard Perkins say Eacis Patterson seemed to be in
great Confusion, and with many hesitations, at length declared, That
Perkins came to his house, and said the General was very -unjust, and
wo\ild not pay him v/hat was justly due to him. That it behoved the
Inhabitants to represent their Grievances unless they had a mind to be
ruined And that he asked him (Patterson) v/hetlier he would joyn with
When Ps.tterson was gone, having desired his Excellency to allow
me freedom to Speak my mind, I told him, That I had observed that a
person (in Ordinary life) who v/as inquisitive after every thing Spoken
ill of him, passed his tiae very indifferently, In tha-t he put it in
the power of every Insignificant Eneny to disq\uet him That many
mens tongues were so unruly, end their thoughts so variable, that one
should not lay too great a Stress upon any present Speeches and
Opinions That as to what Patterson (71) had now reported concerning
Perkins, there Vvas reason to' Suspect the Truth of what he Said For
that he minced and palliated the Acet, which he had given of the matter
in writing That it seems improbable; That Perkins would come to his
house, on such an Errand Unless he had come with design tlmt
Pattersons should acquaint your Excellency with it. For it is well
known at Frederica whal Opinion Perkins and others ha,ve of Patterson
His Excellency seeming to be displeased at what I said I proceeded
That v/hen I came to Frederica I was often in Company vdth !?r.
Patterson (being the person to keep the Store Acets.) He one day came
to me at Mr. Moors house, and called me a Side, telling me as a
Secret, That he was just come from a Wedding, where he acted the part
of a Father, that he gave Mrs. Beck in Marriage to Capt. V7ood, And that
they were married by Mr. McLeod the Minister of Darien (He told the
Same Story as a Secret to Several others) mentioning some part of the
Conversation he had with Capt. Ifood and Mr. McLeod at Woods house.
Sometime after I was told by Mr. McLeod, that he had not married Capt.
Wood, nor was he present at their Wedding, nor in Conpany with Patter
son at Woods house Capt. Wood assured me that they were married
several days before the time mentioned by Patterson, by t>ie Eevd. Mr.
Norris, and tha,t Patterson was not at their Wedding I desired his
Excellency to send for Patterson, to know what could induce him to
39 (71)
invent (?2) Invent Fslshoods, which could not he advantsgious to him
self nor he a pleasure to any other, neither could it answer any other
end, unless keeping his Faculty in use; The General said he would tell
him of it I then said. That this with a, late flagrant Instance of
his keeping a Bawdy house obliged me to think and Speak of him as one
of the most ignominous Wretches living. Whose words could not he relied
on Who could have no iysx tyes of honour or Checks of Conscience to
restrain him, especially in those covert Evidences, when the person
accused has no opportunity of vindicating himself. For it is very
naturall to think that he suffers his private passions into those
Eiajcix clandestine Informations, that he agravates every word and
Circumstance of the matter he relates, pervents what is well meant,
and misrepresents whats indifferent
T. J
(7^) Col. Stephens to Ld. Egmont Received 28 Wovhr.
Savannah l4th July 1741
Ky Lord
You favours to me are so abundant, and youn Benevolence so
Extensive, that really I am at a Loss how to esqsress my Sense of them.
I purposed to have given yovr Lordship the trouble of discharging a
few of those thoxights that lie Brooding next ray heart, in a Letter, by
this Opportunity of Capt. Thomson; But indeed the present confused
State we are driven to, thro the w^orking of our daily opposers in all
40 (74)
things, renders it inqjrecticable in me to preserve that Seda.teness of
temper requisite, when I would mahe my Address to a person of your
dignity; And I find it a. Sufficient task, to maintain presence of
mind enough to Steer right, thro those dangerous Courses that the
Colonys Enemies (Such I must henceforward look upon them to he) are
continually shaping out for us.
Allow me therefore My Lord, now, only to Say, that the first
Boat going hence for Charles Town, shall hardly pass, without somev/hat
more from me than I am capable of writing, ditring the flutter of
Spirits at present upon me: and Capt. Thomson goes hence this Evening;
hy whom I send, what I am also ashamed to do, only (75) one small
a Gallon Bottle of the Honey of this Country; and one small Box of about
a peck of Cassini leaves: what more of each I hadL bespoke among the
Indians, and thought my Self sure of, I failed in; but in time only;
for I understand they got it ready and neglected an opportunity of
sending it to me; So I expect it every day: And if our Potter can keep
his word possibly Cassini Tea might relish not the w-orse in GeorgiaChina.
I beg leave to Salute your Lordship with an unfeigned respect
and to profess my self alw'ays
My Good Lord
Your most Obedient and most
Ealthfull humble Servt.
Will; Stephens
Extract of Mr. James Hs,T3ershains letter to the Eevd. Mr. George
Bethesda ^ 1 Sept. 1741
Hono-ur*d & dear Sir
Letters from Friends in Carolina and elswhere acquaint us, what
un-accountahle Calumnies have "been industriously Spread abroad con
cerning our Institution; and Several of them, vmen I was last in
Charlestown, desired me to publish a brief Account of the State of our
a Affairs. I was then enclined to comply with their Request, esnecially.
upon Seeing a Paragraph in the narrative of Georgia, full of unjust
reflections upon the Orphan House: but as I could not then remember
every circumstance pai'ticularlj', I deferd writing till I got to
Georgia. Since I came here, it has been doubtfull to me, whether we
ought to answer for our Selves, or leave God to answer for us; but am
now induced to think it expedient, as we are comended by the Apostle,
to rovide Thirigs honest in the 5i>:ht of all Men. Likewise, many tha.t
wish well to Zions cause, and are err Benefactors, and possibly have
no opportunity of being otherwise informd about us, may hereby
recieve Some Satisfaction, & be enabled to Stop the mouths of GainSayers.
b Our Affaire have prosperd, blessed be God,/iaz beyond our ex
pectations. We have Seen, and do daily See, much of Gods fatherly
care in providing for and protecting us; and tho we have no visible
Fund, yet v;e doubt not, but he tha.t has beg\in will carry on and per
fect his Work against every opposition.
42 (77)
(( & perhaps subsequent lines? ))
(First line/of this paragraph on page 76 is cut off.) about us
lacked; Our Stores are now pretty fax Sjient, but Gods hand is not
Shortend, and we are persuaded, He will Supply us in due time. Our
Buildings and necessary Conveniencies are now near complested.
Charlestown being burnt dovm, called for So many bricks, and the
Spaniards taking the Schooner employ'd to bring them, has hincerd our
being Supnlyd with a Sufficiency to carry up the chimneys, otherwise
We Should ha.ve finish'd our Building before this time; However, thanks
be to the great Builder, the Orphan house is So far finishd, tlaat we
make use of and iniiabit every part of it.
Hone but those that have ejcperiencd it, can possibly tell what
difficulties we have gone through, in erecting this Institution. Proa vision is very dear, and Some times, as now, very Scarce. Most of the
Inhabitants, except the Saltsburghers having left the Golonj", our
Supplyes of that nature are brought to us from other Provinces. Work
men of all kinds have great wages, and as we are denyed the use of
llegroes, we are obliged to employ white men in planting, who are not
able on the present footing to defray their V/ages & victuals.
Oirr family now consists of 84- Persons, Men Women & children, and
19 more employed about us, and 5 the Infirmary. The latter have a
Doctor, and nurse, and all other necessaries found them gra.tis at the
Orphan house Expence. We have 5^ Children, 32 of them belong to the
Colony, 6 to Purysburg, who are I think as gre^t objects of charity as
any in Georgia, and the rest belong to the neighbouring Provinces, v/ho
are Orphans and objects (next and perhaps subsequent lines are here cut
off) (78) Parents claarge. Me have a Taylor and Shoemaker, likev/ise
43 (78)
2 V/eavei-s, eacli of them got a Loomh, hut we can hut employ One,
Spinning here being extravagantly dear, tho we hope in a Short time,
to Spin as much v;ithin OTir Selves as will greatly assist in clothing
the / Family.
a God blesses our Cattle, we have upwards of 100 head Small &
great, and Shall be able in a year or tvro to kill a quantity.
Ssqpsx Negroes not being allowed, and labour coming So e3q)ensive, we can make but little Improvment in Farming. Kiis year we hafe
planted upward of 20 Acres of Land, and have clear'd 20 Acres more for
the convenience of Air, and blessed be God, tho we have had a very dry
Sea.son, yet we cannot complain with many others, of a bad crop. /
(84) 7 Oct. 1741 & 9 Nov. 1741 Commission to Tho. Stephens to be
Agent for the Malecontents
Georgia. At a Meeting of landholders Settlers and Inhabitants at Savannah
the 7th Day of October in the Fifteenth year of the Reign of our
Sovereign Lord George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain,
France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith &c. And the year of our
Lord one thousand Seven hundred and Forty one
Whereas many of his Majestys Subjects who have settled in and
are belonging to the Province of Georgia have as well singly an in
Joint numbers from Time to Time presented to the Trustees for Estab
lishing the Colony divers Remonstrances, Representations and Petitions
with Repeated Complaints of Grievances which have never been effectually
44 (84)
redressed. And whereas for want of timely remedies to the Evils set
forth in the said Eepresent?>tions &c being applied the said province
is greatly deserted by many of her Inhabit-^nts by P.eason of the
Restrictions that/HsaiEB: them wholly incapable of Raising Provisions
for their Support and whereby those who still remain in the said Pro
vince are unable to Subsist themselves and Families by Cultivation as
are some of them barely in any simpe We whose names are hereunto
Subscribed being Settlers and Inhabitants of the said Province are un
animously of opinion that in Order to the effectually settling and
Establishing the said. Province and to remove all those Grievances and
Hardships we now labour und.er it is expedient for us to appoint an
Agent for Representing, Transacting and Solliciting in Great Sritain
those affairs of so great Importance Wherefore Mr. Thomas Stephens
being thought by us a Person fitly qualified for the said purpose in
Behalf of our Selves and many others (85) of his 'lajestys poor
distressed Subjects nov/ residing in and belonging to the said Province
We do hereby constitute and appoint the said Thomas Stephens and he is
nominated and declared Agent to represent and transaxt the Affairs
aforesaid. And further it being necessary that We the said Inhabitants
or some of us do correspond with the said Thomas Stephens We do in
Behalf of our Selves and and others aforesaid hereby nominate and
appoint William Sfaardirwec&B Vfoodrooffe, Thomas Ormston, Peter Morell,
Joim lyndall, and William Ewen, or any three of them to correspond v/ith
the said Agent and he is hereby impower^d and Authorised to pursue such
Instructions as he shall from time to time received from the said per
sons hereby appointed to Correspond with him in Relation to the
^5 (85)
Con^laints of G-rievsnces of the people in the aforesaid Colors of
Georgia, And this Appointment to remain in full force and Virtue during
the Pleasure of the said Inhahitents
Given under our hands at Savannah the day and year above written
James Anderson
Gaspan Aughler
Thomas Bailie
Peter Baillou
James Baillou
Will: itHik Boxbo
Giles Beeu
Andrew Bell
Peter Seller
Ja. Bland
Jo. Peter Briton
(86) David Gainder
Hen. Green
Semi. Goff
Will. Grickson
Charles Grimaldi
Eoht. Hainks
John Heirinmen
Gaspar Herhurgh
Jacob Herba.
Ja. Houston
Ja. Jensack
Michi. Burgholder
Edwd. Bush
Geo: Buncle
Thomas ^ Clyat
James Campbell
Ant. Camuse
Jacob Curie
Christian Dasher
Will: Davy
Thomas Dawson
James Dodds
V/ill. Meers
Tho. Morris
Hen. Moulton
Thomas Neal
Tho. Ormston
Jemes Papot
Will. Pendrick
Jo. Penrose
Alexr. Rose
Simon Eouviere
Thomas Salter
Jo. Dudding
Andrew Duchee
William Slbert
Tho. Egerton
Tho. Ellis
John Evans
Will. Ev/en
John Eallowfeild
Elisha Forster
Walter Fox
Tho. Frazer
SxxogE George Tyrrel
Thomas Upton
Tho. Webb
Ja. White
Willm. Woodroofe
Tho. Young
Tho. Yo-ung.
46 (86)
Peter Joubert
Jo. Kelly
Jpmes Landry
John Landry
Tloo. Lee
Hen: Loyd
Sami. Lyon
Jo. Lyndall
Ant. Machridge
Danl. Macdonald
Farqtiar Macgilvery
Peter Mallier
Jacoh Mathews
Mathew Mauve
Hi. Me1lichan^
James Scot
Jo. Sellie
Jo. Smalley
Jo. Smith
David Snook
Tho. Sparnel
Will Henhouse
Geo. Stephens
Josua Stringer
Joseph Summers
Stephen Tarrion
Tho. Tihbut
Jo. Teasdale
Tho. Tripp
Jacob Truan
Charles Tovm 9th Hovemher 1741
The within Appointment vras signed "by us whose names are Under
written being Settlers and Landholders of Georgia and at present in
(8?) Hugh Anderson
Tho. Eaillie
Harry Suckly
Joseph flannon
Sami. Davison
Janes Dean
Adrian Loyer
Jo. Macleod
Alexr. Monro
Sami. Perkins
Geo. Philip
Alexr. Eentowl
John Scot Ja. Watson.
Jo. Spellbegler
Will. Stirling
Patrick Tailfer
Alexr. Taylor
Oliver Upsal
47 (87)
Philip Dela^al
Pre. Beltrass
Edwd. Jenkins
Alexr. Reynolds
Will. Eigdea
Jo. Roherson
Jo. Vakefeild
Joseph Wardrope
Jo. Vjarwick
(88) Extract of a letter from lir. Martyn 3olzius at Eoenezer in
Georgia 20th Oct. 17^1. Reed. 18 Feby.
To Mr. H. Hewnan
A Merchant ia Suspnrg, Mr. Von Mimnick, who has been very kind
heretofore to our Congregation, has desired me to send Mm Several
Seeds as the Natural groiirth of our Country for Curiosity, which I have
packet up in a little Box, marked with M A, and took the freedom to
direct it to you begging the favour of you to deliver the Box with the
inclosed letter to the Revd. I4r. Zeigenhagen. The Bearer is in a
great hurry for going to England, which hinders me from writing to you
a more fully, and shall be done by next opportunity. Great Inundations
have spoiled many Crops la Carolina and Georgia this Fall, hence it is,
that Provisions of all kinds are very Scarce and exceeding dear, but
b we have Reason to thank God for his Gracious Preservation, o'Ur Fields
being not much overflovm by the high Rivers, and where it happened the
detriment was but very tolerable. So that nobody will want this year at
our place, Our Corn Mills Bam is by the high and very Strong freshes
undamaged, but will be repaired the Stronger, as soon as the River
v;ater is Lower to let the Builders come to the foundation of the Dam.
My Fellow labo'urer, Mr. Gronau, my Self, and Families enjoy pretty good
48 (88)
c health, lut some of oxuc people axe Sometimes troubles by an Inter
mitting Fever, which is almost the only Sickness of our place, v/hich
however has been ten^erated very m-uch to our best. Mr. Gronau gives
his humble Service to you, which I humbly desire (89) to be acceptable
to you of
Dear Sir
Your most obedt. and very
humble servant
John Martin Bolzius
Please to direct your Letters and
Packets for us to Mr. William
Hopton, Merchant at Charles Tovm,
who is Col. Stephens's very great Correspondent.
(94) Frederica 12 Hov. 1741
Distributed the 6OOO VOiite Miilberry Trees, being Purchased of Pat.
Graham of Josephs Town on the Sa.vannah River 1^ each.
To Capt. MarkCarr. 500 Trees
To Dr. Thos. Hawkins. 500 Do.
Planted and directed to be planted at )
). 1200 Do.
Gascoigns Farm )
At Frederica Farm, ly way of Hurseiy )
).38OO Do.
for the Inhabitants ) _
Tot. 6000
Distributed to the above
Jos: Fitzwalter
49 (96)
Col. Oglethorpe to Mr. Verelts rec^. 29 March 1742
Frederica in Georgia 7 Pec. 1741
In April 1740 I pursuant to his Majestys Commands orderd Troops
to he raised, Amongst them a Company of Boatmen (the Estahlishment of
which I then sent over the Copy enclosed) hut not being ahle to unite
them into a Company not having time to get men sufficient, I saved the
appointments of Commissionec Officers having only Serjeants or Cock
swains. Before November the Boatmen being out of their time being
engaged for only four months, and by reason of the dangerous Situation
of this place from the Spaniards which made men unwilling to enlist
here, I appointed Captain Carr in October Capt. of the Conpany and
orderd him to raise Eecruits in Virginia for the Compan,Y of Boatmen,
to which for raising the men the easier, I gave the Name of the Marine
Company of Boatmen. Captn. Carr accordingly raised men in Virginia and
Major Heron, Some few in Charles Town being only able to get eight
there. This CoraT)8ny has been of great Service for we thereby ha.ve been
enable to Garrison a Place upon the Main, where Captn. Carrs plantation
was burnt by the Spanish, and a Guard of ours cut off, and also to keep
our Communication open v;ith the Islands, without making the Soldiers
row in Boats and dispersing the Regiment in Boats. When Captn. Carr
was in Virginia the Vlinter came on so hard that he co\xld not get back
nor have any Communication vrith us, which obliged him to drew upon you
from Virginia for i 100 for Subsisting the Eecruits of said Company of
Boatmen, The said Bill was payable to Taylor and Tucker, nothing but
50 (96)
necessity would have obliged him to have done this, and I find by yo-urs
it has had the (9?) Ill effect which v/as natural to Expect from it
since thereby the Ministry as well as you have been apt to beleive that
this vras a New Espence of Levys made by me upon my own head, whereas in
reality it was no other than part of the pay of those who was Orderd to
be le-vyd p-ursxusnt to his Majestj''s commands for the Seige of Augustine,
and the necessity for the defence of this Province having made it as
needfull to continue them as to raise them, I did not dare disband
them, having received no Orders for reducing what \ms raised. And if
this pro-vince had been lost for want of their Assistance, I could not
have ansiverd reducing the men to his Majesty. The Oase of the Hangers
and Highland Company is much the Same.
I therefore orderd all to be recruited, the full Establisrat.
made a Saving which is the fund for defraying the Charge of the He -
emits. The f-ull Establislnnent of the Coiipany of Boatmen from the Seige
of Augustine for the first Six months you vd.ll see of which there was a
Ss.ving upon the Commission Officers Pay as I mentioned before. Erom
1 Oct. 1740 the Company began at the low pay, which you will see
according to the Establishment, and thereby you will find that I have
not drawn for near as much as the pay of this Conroany of Boatmen amounts
to, having subsisted the otlier part of the Company by means of the
Provision &c, which I drew for, for they are paid to this time, and
having not been able entirely to conpleat them, I was forced to keep
other Boatmen at an advance Pay. I hope this Account will enable you
to explain the matter, I send you Capt. Carrs (98) Certificate that the
Company was paid and cleared to Day of
51 (98)
I also have drawn upon you for the payment of the Sloop and
Schooner, It is very dangerous to write the Strength of what is sup
ply d here, since letters are often Intercepted hy the Eneiqj'-, however I
may say in this letter what I shall give you more particular Accts. hy
a Sure hand. Besides the Regular Troops, it was absolutely necessary ^
to keep up the two troops of Rangers raised for the Seige of St. Augus
tine, also the Highland compary and the Compan;r of Boa^tmen as well as
Garrisons at Port Augusta,, at Mount Pleasant, at Mount Venture and
fortify different places; The Prizes taken off Charles Town Ba. r shows
that the Men of VTar could not he spared from thence, and tha,t two were
not sufficient to Protect that Trade, and if we had not Vessels to
Defend us in shoal water, think what must become of a Frontier Settle
ment. These Vessels have already forced one of the Enemys Sloops on
Shore, and we Engaged th^t Privateer which did so much mischief, and
forced him over the Barr, insomuch tha.t it v/as six weeks before he was
again fit for Sailing.
The Fortifications and building Barracks for the Company removed
from St. Andrews are a continual Expence, this, I have paid weekly and
have not drawn particularly for them, but shall send you an Acct. of
them. The Barracks are built with lyme and Mortar and are 90 feet
Square they are now finished, except the flooring the Officers Rooms.
There is continually a Body of Indians employed (99) by me
acting against the Spaniards of St. Augustine they have Straitned that
place extreamly and frequently bring in prisoners here, amongst the
last was a Lieut, of Horse belonging to that Garrison, by name Don
Romualds Ruiz del Moral Kephew to the last Governor, the Entertaining
52 (99)
the Indiens is very Bsqpensive hut they are absolutely necessary.
I am mighty unwilling to make any Sjqjence, much less would I
venture to pretend to or make use of an unlimited Credit since you
know I Draw upon my own Credit first, and it is in the/SastgaisKi of the
Government to reimburse me, I make no expence but what are absolutely
necessary, and Employ all I have for his Majesty in his Service, You
know that all my appointments are paid to you to Answer the Eills which
I draw and lay out for the Service here; as for my own personal Expences
they are mighty inconsiderable. The Expences of Vessells, Indians &ca.
are so necessary tha,t we could not hold the Country without them; If I
did not drew for them how must I answer the Loss of it by the want of
their Assistance.
It is a great misfortune to me to have no Accountant, for these
things would appear very plain if I had, when I came out of England I
depended upon Mr. Jones, but he is so taken up at Savannah that he
cannot Spare time to come to my Assistance, You knoiii' I do not understand
Accts. my Self, besides the Crowd of other Business end Service prevents
my having time. Moore as you know is not an Accountant or bred Book
keeper (lOO) Bookeeper, Besides which he has took such a turn as Mr.
Carteret can inform you that of a long time he has been of little Ser
vice to me.
As I look upon holding the Province to his Majesty to be of the
utmost Importance I Risque every thing for it, end the Spaniards for
the same Reason strive all they can to destroy me, as well by enploying
Agents in Stirring up lyes and Calumneys against me to lessen my Reputartion at home as by open Force.
53 (100)
Tiiere is nothing puts me under more difficulty thran the wanting
a Direct Correspondent to England, Seven out of Eight Letters hy
diaries Tovm. miscarrys. I send a Letter enclosed to Sr. Rohert and am
Your very humble Servt.
James Oglethorpe
P. S.
I send you enclosed the list of the Sxpences I daily pay and
have discharged, besides contingences, the Ainount you have of the
Several Establishments sent over by different occasions, and I dare not
send them by this, least they should fall into the hands of the Enemys.
I send you enclosed the Certificates of the Sloops &ca.. I desire you
vrauld deliver the Enclosed to Sr. Robert of which I send you a Copy
tha,t you may apply accordingly
James Oglethorpe
(101) Col. Oglethorpe to Sr. Robert Walpole arrived 29 March 17^2
Frederica in Georgia 7 Dec. 17^1
The fear that I pjd under of taking up your time ifhich is so
very precious makes me not venture to trouble you frequently, but
necessity of the affairs here, now oblige me to do so.
Ever Since the raising the Seige of St. Augustine I have
employd partys of Indians to keep the Spaniards Blocked up which
5^ (101)
they hE,ve done effectually, Ihe last party "brought in a Spanish Lieut,
of Horse Prisoner.
From Augustine they fitted out Privateers who were hut too
Successful!, I v.Tote to the Men of V/ar at Charles Town hut as they very
rightly informed me they v;ere obliged to Cruize off that port, and two
"Vessels v;ere not sufficient to do tha,t Service and Cruize off St.
Augustine also, I v;p,s forced therefore to fit out some small Vessels
as I acq.uainted you for defending this Province and keeping this Comm'onication openp-iirsuant to his Majestys 0r6.ers I raised wlrat I could in Georgia
for the Seige of St, Augustine, and as they were raised, I thought I
could not reduce them without Orders. I did my Self the Honour of
vrriting to you, as also to his Grace the Duke of llewcastle t^jon it, hut
as I received no Answer continued them, and have drawn at different
times Bills, and have paid and Subsisted them.
After the people of Carolina, and the Men of War v;ere drawn
off, I fortified as v/ell as I could all the out Posts and this Place,
and am still going on with the works, and pay the Workmen constantly,
which I did being satisfied that you woTild approve of it, and that I
could never Justify letting his Kajestys troops he exposed (102) without
v/orks upon a Frontier so near the Snemys, v/hilst the Terrour the
Spaniards were in from the Seige gave me an opportunity to Fortify. I
orc'erd Mr. Verelst to v:ait upon you v;ith the Accounts of every thing,
hut fear many of iny letters have been intercepted.
By the Seige of St. Augustine and the measures since token as
above we have prevented the Spaniards doing any thing considerable
55 (102)
agpinst this province, or Cerolins, noti.-ithstanding the Strength of
that Gerrison of Augustine and the Encouragement they have from the
0- great numher of Negroes, near forty thousand in Carolina, who would
he either an Assistance to the Invader or a. Prize worth near eight
hTjndred thousandj^ poTonds Sterling to them.
I am perswaded you will excuse my taking up your time, since it
is from my Zeal for acquainting you with the true Situa,tion of this
Country, The continuing those raised for the late Seige is so absolutely
necessairy that no one can think Troops upon a Frontier should he reduced
when the Fleet withdrew the Carolinans quitted us and the Gari'ison of
Augustine Axigmented, for if we did not keep in the Garrison of Augus
tine the open Country and plantations of Carolina would he soon aban
doned as the Villages in Georgia were on the first breaking out of the
War, and if we once quit the Frontier, It is to he feared not only the
Indians, hut the ITegroe Slaves wo\ald revolt, and the Spanish Indians at
least would destroy the people in Carolina as they formerly did.
Without the continiiance of those additional men (103) raised
for the Seige, and covering the Country, our CommTonication would
entirely he cut off both with Carolina and the Indian Nations, and
worse Consequences might happen than I would care to mention.
If these are continued with the Augmentation you h^ve heen so
good as to obtain from his Majesty for the regular Troops, I do not
doubt to be enabled not only to keep this Province but even to improve
it though the War should continue, and whilst We hold the Spaniards
here eirployd all the rest of North America enjoys full liberty of
Cultvating the open Coxmtiy.
56 (103)
Give me leeve to return you my Sincerest tiianks for yo\ir Good
ness to my Self and the Officers here who were advanced pursuant to my
Recommendation, and all those who are advanced desire I would ask per
mission to assure you that they shall never forget your Goodness and
long to Show their Gratitude to his Majesty end Zeal for his Service.
Permit me Sir to entreat the favour of you that I may know if I
am to reduce the troops and Vessels and to dismiss the Indians, for
till I receive such orders I am in the greatest uncertainty, not daring
to reduce them without orders. Since I know the Consequence may "be
fatall to this part of his Majestys Dominions, and in continuing them
"being apprehensive that you would think the Esqjence great, and that
there might he some misunderstandings which may he of very ill conse
quence to ny own affairs.
I find my Friends in England have made a (104) great Expence at
the lest Election, much greater than I ever apprehended. Since I never
had an Exjiensive Election, and thought now I should have had no con
test, hut I find that the same Spirit of Calumny and Opposition which
is stirring in America is as Active in Europe, Give me leave Sir to
return you thanks for the Countenance you gave on this occasion And to
assure you there is nohody more sensible of your Goodness and with
more Atta.chment
Your most ohedt. humhle Servant
James Oglethorpe
To the Et. Konhle.
Sr. Eoht. Walpole
5? (105)
Mr. John Terry to Mr. Terelts reed. 29 March 17^2
Savannah ? Decemher 17^1
These few lines \irill inform you of our safe arrival in this
a Port on the 2d inst. without (thanlis he to God) any accident having
h happened to us in our Yoysge, all the Saltzhurghers which were Shiped
in London on Board of our Ship, landed here in very good health, not
one having died during the said Voyage, the Eecruits also were in a
c perfect state of health when they landed, as to the Highlanders we
lost 6 or Seven, children included, the rest landed here in ext^eam
good health.
I wish with all my heart it was in my power to give you so an
d agreeable an Account of the 172 Swisers n the Europa Captain John
Hadham who arrived here two days after us, forty or upwards died in
the Passage, And near as manj^' died since thej landed.
This is all I can have the honour to write to you at present. So
soon as I shall he at Frederica, shall send you a full account of our
Voyage with a Sketch of Captain/aiauanx Behaviour, the truth of the
Acet. I shall send you wall I hope he so well Certified as to leave you
no P-oom to douht the Veracity thereof. But if the said Capt./Simasx
should reach London before I send you such an Acet. Please Sir to sus
pend the forming of any Judgement on what he may say to you till such
tine you receive my packet.
Please Sir to present my duty to the Eonble. the Trustees and
make them acquainted with this. And my Service to Mr. Simpson and that
58 (106)
^ i/
*See Ja. Eatershams letter of
1 Sept. 17^1
Pthat my next will tring him an Acct. of the Pro-visions. I have teen
kept here till now at very large Sxpences, and as my presence is of no
further Service here, I expect to go to Prederica in 2 or 3 days, for
I long very much to get out of Savannah, for there are here human
Snakes, much more dangerous than the Eattle ones. Please Sir to con
tinue to favour me with your Esteem, my Endeavoui-s shall always te to
merit them, and shall ever Sutscrite w Self with the utmost Sincerity
and Respect
Yr. most okedt. and ham; Servt.
John Terry
The Genl. is gone on an Expedition
"before St. Augustine
To I4r. Harman Verelst
(107) Tke Revd. Mr. Geo. hitfeild to a friend.
Bristol 30 Dec. 17^1
Dear Sir
Herewith I Send you an Extract of a Paragraph about the Orphan
House, taken out of an Account of Georgia, l-tely publish'd in Charlestovm, by Messrs. Dougla.ss, Anderson & Tailfer, witn my *friends Answer
to it, who is Super-Intendt. of the Orphan House. I think my friends
ansv7er is pretty f-ull. Only I would add, that my last letters inform me
that my Eamily live & walk in Love, and I have as great a prospect of
59 (107)
the floiorishing of the house as ever. If v;e have no visible Fund we
hsve an invisible God to Support us. Him v;e dare trust. His honour is
a concerned. He will take care of us. I have not Seen the Account of
Georgia publish'd these Gentlemen, But if they have not been more
faithfull in the other parts of their narration than they have been in
this, they are not much to be credited. Several Untruths are inslntie,-
ted, and Some peremptorily asserted in it. That God may forgive them
this, and all their other Sins, is the hearty praj^er of
Yr. most affect, friend & Servant
Geo. Whitfeild.
Copy of the Paragraph mention'd above, publish'd at Charlestown in the
narrative of Georgia, by Doug'lass, Anderson & Tailfer.
b Ihe Orphan House is Situated about 14 miles S. E. of Savannah.
This famous Work was begpn in March 1740, and during the Space of 6
months tliere were about 100 Men women & children maintained, and
er^jloy'd about it: and according to their own (next line or lines have
been cut off) (108) But ever Since Mr. bliitfeild left Georgia, the
latter end of August the Same year, it has decayed apace. For besides
those he then carr5'''d northward with him, a great many have Since left
them; & their money growing Short, they were Soon obliged to discharge
many of their Workmen, besides of late many divisions have risen among
them. In Short, the design Seems to be drawiiig near to a period, altho
at this time the liouse is Scarce half finish'd.
It is b-uilt on a low Pine barren. Surrounded on one Side with a
60 (108)
large Tract of Salt-Marsh extending to Vernons River, to which they
have a psssage hy Water when the Tides axe up, for Saall craft. On the
other Side they are Siorrounded with Woods.
They have cleard ghout 10 Acres of land, and have huilt Several
Houses and Hutts. The Frame of the Orphan House is up, the Roof
Shingled, and the Sides weather hoarded. It is 60 foot in length, 8'.
40 foot wide. It has 2 Stories, Cellars, & garrets. The Cellars are
huilt with hrick, which also Serves for a Foundation to the wloole
It would certainly he a fine Work if finishd, hut if it were
finishd, where is the Fund for its Suruort? And what Service can an
Orphan loouse he in a desert & forsaken Colony?
(109) H. Parkers Affidavit, 3I Dec. 17^1
Copy of Mr. Bailiff Parkers voluntary Affidavit inclosed in a
Letter to his Excellency Genl. Oglethorpe from Coll. Wm.
Stephens dated 4th. January l?4l/2 at Savannah in Georgia.
Savannah Ss
Henry Parker one of the Bailiffs for Savannah aforesaid, being
duly Svvorn, deposed tha.t some time in June la.st, he this Deponent
having been frequently in the Company of Sr. Richd. Everard end others,
after some time observed hy the frequent discourse of the Said Sr.
Richard that his Design was to create Divisions and Animosities among
the Inhabitants of the Colony of Georgia, which occasioned this
61 (109)
Deponent to withdraw himself from the said Sr. Richards Conversation
and retire to his plantation out of Town. That on or ahont the 6th
daj'' of July last, this Deponent came to Savannah in Oi'der to he at a
Court which was held on the 7th day of July, and being at the house of
Mr. Abraham Minis, where he this Deponent then lodged. The aforesaid
Sir Richard came to enquire for him this Deponent, and after some discoiurse desired to speak with him in private, upon which this Deponent
took a t'orn or two in the Street with the said Sir Richard, it being
then night, v/here the said Sir Richard expressed a great uneasiness at
this Deponents withdrawing himself from the forementiond (llO) Con
versation declaring that he believed his large family and low Circum
stances was the means to oblige him this Deponent to Submit himself to
and Assist Old Jones (meaning Mr. Jones one of the Bailiffs) in order
to obtain a Subsistence, but if he wod. be advised by him it mi^t be
prevented. That he had a friend in tovm that was going to England in
Company with him (whereb;/ this Depont. understood he meant Mr. Hector
a Eeaufine) would assist him with a sum of money eq^oal to a years Sallary,
or any Sum farther that this Deponent should have occasion for. He
this Depont. replyed that neither his lov/ Circumstances nor large
family shod, make him Act in Conjunction with an;'- man contrary to
Justice and his own Reason, neither would he Submit himself to the
Controul of any man, which the receiving of such Sums of money miist
oblige him to. Upon which the said Sir Richard replyed, his Offering
it was purely to Serve him this Dexjonent, and nothing vas desired of
him but to suffer them to take their Revenge against Jones (meaning the
forementioned Mr. Jones) and not to interpose in his Behalf. But this
62 (110)
Deponent had then great Reason to helieve and is since well assured
that their design was not against the said Mr. -Jones, hut to destroy
the very foundation of the Colony'-. After meny other discourses of the
like nature the said Sir Richard left this Deponent, only desiring him
to dine with him and some other friends the next day, from itohich this
Deponent excused himself. /The next morning being the forementioned
Seventh of July the said Sir Richard offer'd to Instruct him this
Deijonent in the Several duties of a Grand Jury, v/hich this Depont. had
great reason to helieve such Instructions were calculated for ill
designs, therefore rejected then and opposed Mr. Fallowfield, another
of the Bailiffs in putting such Instructions in Execution.
This Deponent further saith tha.t on the 12th of the said -July
as he was on his return from Savannah to his own home was overtaken on
a the road hy the foresaid Mr. Jno. Falloi-rfield and after some discourse
the said Fallowfield asked this Deponent if the foresaid Sir Ricliard
had not offer'd him some such sums of money as before mention'd, and
this Deponent replying in the affirmative, the sard Fallowfield used
many Arguments to perswade him to accept of the same, telling him it
vjas not to late yet, and fiorther said, he was Surprized how this
Deijonent could venture to walk the streets for fear of having his
Brains heat out hy the Inhabitants after jojTiing with Jones in dis
charging the Grand Jury, hut that might he amended hy taking the money
and Joyning with them in such prosecutions as they should bring on. And
in so doing, he this Deponent would obliged and he caress'd hy the
whole Inhabitants of Savannah, and this Deponent further saith that the
said Fallowfield told him Mr. Pat. Mackay wras to provide the money,
63 (in)
notwithstanding (112) it csjae throngh the hands of the aforesaid Mr.
Beaufine. And farther this Deponent saith not.
Henry Parker
Sworn at Savannah this 3I
of December 1741 before me
Tho; Jones
A true Coppy
Fras. Moore
(113) Proposals by James Lewis Camuse concerning the Silk Manufacture
Eecd. 20 Deer. 1?43
Savannah 31st Deer. 1741
Honourable Gentlemen
According to your Desire I lay before you ray proposal as I have
also acquainted the Honble. Trustees alrea(3y. I Suppose than an Annual
pension of Txv'o hondred pounds Sterling it will not be burthen to this
place, and as I am the first who Spined Silk here I am not doubtfull
of my Capacity to bring it to the best Quality as the Silk at Italy and
Piedmont. I hope your honrs. will grant me a Priviledge or Letter
Pattern to prevent any decay in the said Man-ufacture, and the same with
the said Person to be continued to any of my Family who sha.ll be able
to carry on the same work, a,s I am able to perform for the said
64 (113)
Msri.ufa,cture, Likewise the Trustees heve Orderd me foixr Apprentices,
hut I cant Instruct hut one at a time, so th^t Two will he sufficient
for the present, with one I hfve already' that is three, so for the
other Two I shall Two men, that they might Supply me with Wood and
Water, And all other necessaries for the said Manufacture, so that I
may not have no occasion of troubling you so often as I do at present;
Likewise Gentlemen ssDdfc as to keeping the Silk Worm, I am not obliged
to do it, for my Business is to wind off the Silk, therefore I will
keep them if so that I am allowed 2/3 and Supply me with leaves out of
the Trustees Garden, if not I keep none.
P. S. Gentlemen I humbly beg the favour of you, as touching
the Objections of the former Accounts, as the Trustees have referrd
to you in the last letter I received from them, therefore I hope you
will be so kind as to Consider of it. I am
Yr. humble Servant
James Lewis Camuse
(True Coppy)
(115) Parson Norris his Acct. deliverd to Jo. Barecroft I9 feby.
The Humber of Iniiabitants Exclusive of the Regiment &c. at Frederica
abt. Dec. 1741
Women .... 45
Girls .... 21
65 (115)
of the Men ( 23 )
( 17 ) are
(29 )
of the Women ( 22 )
( 3 ) are
( 20 )
(Landholders &g.
( late Treed Men and Boatmen
( Servants
Landholders V/ives &c.
( Widov-rs of Landholders
Ihe Ifumher of Actvial Communicants of the Church of England at Frederica
v;ere l6. of whom 6 laa.ve left the Colony.
Eie ITumher of those who profess themselves of the Chtirch of England
Exclusive of the Regiment and Children at Frederica.
Men 49
Women 23
The K\imher of Dissenters of all Sorts exclusive of the Regiment and
Children at Frederica
Men 19
Women 22
Papists 1
(117) Mr. Gronau to J-ir. Hen. NevTuan
Ehenezer 15 Jany. 1741-2
Dear Sir
66 (117)
Tour kind letter in duplicate of the 21 Julj, and another of the
15 Septemher last are come very safe to my hands, the Contents of which
encourages Us very much to Sing Praise and Halleluja to the Lord who
has graciously enabled and inclined the Honble. Trustees and Society to
bestow f new favours to our Settlement in sending over a New (Transport
for the encrease of our Settlement.
The Saltburgers arrived here all in very good hes-lth in the
Begining of last month, and are brought adready to the possession of
their respective lands. Some about the Tora, Some at Ebenezer Creek a
quarter of a mile from the Tovim, and some .join to the Plantations below
the Hill, and will have by joing Labour and good Correspondence in
Agriculture and Pasturage for Cattle the same conveniency which the
first Settlers have, if they follow as we believe they will, their
Example and Direction, and they vrill have the same Reason which we
have to give many Thanks to God by whose fatherly direction and
providence they are happily sent over and already Settled in our
retirement, for our and their Spiritual and tenporal Welfare.
May the Father of all mercy bless you and the very worthy
Members of the Society, for all the favours they have a new bestowed
upon the New and Old Settlers at Ebenezer, and may he by the inexhaustable Riches (118) of his mercy enable them to go happily on in
promoting the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. Being acquainted in your
letter with the continued Favour of three Merchants in Venice who have
contributed some things towards the charges of the fourth Transport
from Germany to Eoterdam, We thought to be o\ir Duty to return them
hearty thanks for their Benefactions in that Letter, which we beg the
67 (118)
favour of you, you would le pleased to forwerd to the said Gentlemen
when you have occasion to send any thing to them. Mr. Vigera whom you
mentioned in a very kind manner lives with us in good health and is
very much pleased to he in this Eetirement. e douht not at all he
will he further very usefull to us and our Flock which he loves
heartily. The Books which you had the trouble to send us hy Order of
the Honhle. Society are deliverd very safe to us hy Col. Stephens, and
we are much obliged to you for them, e are in hopes a little Box of
several seeds of this Country v^hich I took the liberty to direct to you
is safe deliverd you, It is for a grea.t Merchant at Augspurg, Mr. Van
Munich who is a very great favourer and Benefactor of our Congregation;
Me mentioned in our last letter that Mr. m. Hopton Mercht. at Charles
Town is Coll. Stephens Agent, ancl very willing to send our Letters end
Packets to Savannah hy the safest opportunity if you are pleased to
direct the letters or things belonging to Ehenezer to him, Mr. Vigera
presents his humble Respects to you which you would be (119) pleased to
accept of
Dear Sir
Your most humble servts.
John Martin Bolzius
Israel Christian Gronau
Dr. Thilo is now at Savannah to Assist
the very Sick Swiss People that came in
the Ship Europa to this Colony
68 (121)
Jacob Ma,thews to Col. Stephens Copy reed, by the Trustees 25 May
Savannah 22d. Jany. 174l/2
Hon: Sir
I Beg leave as a Person that hath a great Regard for the
Interest of this Colony, and some small Interest therein, to know why
I should be so singularly Noticed by you; As a Person that hath
formerly made some good improvements, but for these last years have not
planted, nor made any Improvements, on my Plantation, v/hich small Sura I
have therein expended, I shall send to the Trustees; with Attested
Accounts and Receipts for the labour therein ezjDended; I Iwpe the
Trustees as a Honble. Set of Gentlemen, Will be so good as to let me
know, what you have vnrote against me (as an Honble. Gentleman did, v/hal
you lately sent to the Southward) v;ho am not your Enemy
Jacob Mathewes
I hope you will publish an Acet. of your Plantation
(123) Copy of the Indictment against Mr. Jones, 29 Jany. 174l/2
Savannah 29th Jany. 174l/2
Sava. Ss t.
We the Grand Jury for our Sovereign Lord the King Do upon our
Oaths Indict Thos. Jones for that he not ha.ving the fear of God before
his Eyes but being moved by the Instigation of the Devil, did on or
69 (123)
about the Seventeenth day of October last vrith malice aforethought
Feloniously cause to be broke open a Certain Box containing papers and
Accts. of Sundry persons deceased. Contrary to the Peace of our
Sovereign Lord the King his Crown and Dignity
Witness A True Bill
H. Parker ) Copia Vera
Thos. Baylie ) John Pye Recorder
Fras. Harris )
Wm. Russel )
(Pages immediately following page 124 are lettered A, B, C, etc.,
instead of numbered. Page A begiiis below.)
Acct. of Caeh paid Sundry, by Col. Stephens & Hen. Parker in
October 1741 reed. 25 I'fey 1742. This Acct. extends to
Jany. 30. 1741/2
Paid on acct. of the Light house
Feby. 1 To kK Tlio. Sumner for Work - the
principal Undertaker.40 . 0 . 0
3 To Geo. ^IJyrrel for Sawing timber . . . . 2 . 8 .10
To Geo. Johnson for do..3 *16 -10
To Jp.. Wbyte for do.2.14 . 1^
To Tho. Baily, Smith for Iron work . . .10 . 6 . 9^
To David Cunningham for jewing the
Halliards for the flag .
10 . 0
70 (A)
1 .13 . 7
. 6 .10
42. 12.
82.12. 3
Pd. on Light house Acct. Nov. 1741
llov, 4 To Jo. Millidge for carting Timoer for
the light house.4.10 . 0
l4 To Geo. Johnston for-timber for do. . 4.8.0
16 To Tho. Sumner for iork on do. . . . 23 . 0 . 0
28 To Jo. Dudding, Hen. Williams 3s
TIio. Morris for Sa.wd timber for do. . 14 . 4 .10
To Kails, Hinges, Broad hoes. Cordage,
bed cord, Small Saws, wine for the
men floa.ting timber, a grind Stone
tilted & a broad a.3ce, 2 Spades, 7
clialk Pines&c.I6 .11 .10 62. l4. 8
145. 6. 1
To Ja. Anderson Carpenter for V/ork
on the Light house.
To Tho. Palmer & Geo. Johnston for
timber fordo.
To Ja. Whyte fordo.
To Sundrys for do. Tiz. Molossus
33 gallons at 22*1 brewing
beer for the Workmen
20 hand Saw files at 2^
i 3-0. 6
200 8 perm_ 100 10 0.3. 4
penny nails. 0.1. 8
2 payr. of compasses. . . . 1. 4
Paid on the Light house Acct, Dec. 1741
Decbr.l6 To Tho. Sumner for work.12 . 0 . 0
To Tho. Palmer &c Sawing timber
To Tho. Morris on do. acct.2.0.0
To Tho. Young and Will. Hill for 44
days masons work laying the founda
tion of do 11 . 0 . 0
71 (A)
To Tho. Sllis &c for carrying timiber for do. . .5*0.0
To Geo. Johnston Sawing timber for do.2.0.0
To Tho. Palmer & Geo. Johnston Sawing timber
for do. ............ .6.8.10
To Tho. Ellis carrying bricks to the light
house. 3*0.0
To Ja. Anderson for 75 days work on do.10 .13 0
To Jerry Pritz for 12 gimlets for the
Carpenters at work on do. 1.6
To Tno. Morris, Sewing timber for do.2 . 0 . 0
To Hen. Williams Sawing timber for do.1.0*0,
59 . 3 * ^
To Jo. Millige carting timber for the
Light house.. 7 .l4 . 0
Total of disbursments from 1 Oct. to 3I Dec.
1741 on the Li^t house.212 .4.3
Acct. of Cash pd. by Col. Stephens & Hen. Parker on Acct. of
Surveying from 1 Oct. 1741 to 3I 1741/2.
To H\:igh PlOss Surveyor in pt. of a ballance due
to him .0 . 0
To the Use of Joseph Avery & others eE5)loyd by
him in making g Survey of the County of Savannah,
7^ a pd.
viz. Beef at 2
Eiscoit at 22 .
Smoak*d beef at '5
Wine 6 gallons at 4 Shill.
a gallon
Butter at
24 pd.
at ^6 pd
at *^7 . ? *
Gunpowder 1 pd. at . .
Shot 6 pd. at h pence pd
To Tho. Trip making a. table &
6 foot Oak plank for do. . .
, 2
, 4
. 1
. 0
. 2
. 6
. 0
. 0
. 2
. 9
. 0
12 . 8 2. -li 10 . 3 . 1
72 (B)
Distursd on Acct. of Surveying Holr'br. 17^1
Kov. 14
Jany. Declr. 18
Dec. 8
To Hugh Boss in full of his hallance
for Surveying at Ehenezar ... 26 .19 .Ha
To Tho. Ellis for Surveying ... 8 9 .10
To Hen. Steinhevel, Jacob Dice,
Gasper Sneider & Jacob Hongeres
for 36 days Service each wth.
Joseph Avery Surveying.11 4 . 0
To Joseph Avery & others employd
vjith him in Surveying viz.
Beef St 2*^.2.2.1
Biscuit at *^2 3/^
Sugar at ^6 ... .. I3 - 0
Candles 6 pd., at 8. 4.0
Bullets at 3 ^ E . ^
Gun powder 2 pd. at l/7 3 ^
Vine 1 gallon at 4 Shill. ... 4.0
More do. 15 gallons .3 . 0 . 0
Shot 9 pd. Ft 4 pence. 3*0
Making a Small box for his
Instruments. 2.0
To Said Joseph Avery on Acct. . . 4 .17 . 7 60 .11 . 7 60 .11 . 7
Disburs'd on Acct. of Surveying Jan. 1741/2 70 .14 . 8
To Joseph Avery for Surveying.3*0.0
To Tho. Ellis for Surveying 9 $0 acre lots
for German Swiss & others.7 .10 . 0 10 .10 . Q
Disbursd on Acct. of Surveying Decbr. 1741 81 .4 . 8
To Peter Mallier &c for Snmdrys for Joseph
Avery Ss others employd in Surveying.2.6.6
To Jos. Avery on Acct. of Surveying.5*0.0
To Peter Mallier on do. Acct.1.2.0
To Jos. Avery.10. 0.0
To biscuit and beef for the Surveyor &
his people. 7.10
To Hen. Steinhevel for himself & 3 others 32
days Service assisting the Survayr.6.8.0 ^25 4 , 4
Total disbursd upon Surveying land from 1 Oct. 1741
to 31 Jany. 1731/2 106 . 9 * 0
73 (C)
Acct. of peyments to Trust Servants "by Col. Stephens and
Hen. Parker from 1 Octohr. 17^1 to 31 Jany. 17^1/2
Oct. 10
Nov. 7
Dec. 5
Jan;^'. 2
To Trust Servants 1 week to 17
To do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
To Do. for
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
1 vfeek to
1 v:eek to
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
1 week to
24 . . .
31 . . .
7 Nov.
the 14 .
the 21 .
28th . .
5 Dec.
12th . .
19th . .
26 . . .
3 Jany. .
9th . . .
I6th . .
23d . , .
30th . .
6 fehy. .
. 8.9.4
. 8 .14 . 4
. 8 . 5 .10
. 8.7.4
. 8.8.7
. 8.6.8
. 10 . 2 . 2
. 10 . 3 .10
. 9.9.6
. 9 .15 . 4
. 9 .10 . 6
. 7 . 5 .10
. 8 . 6 .10
. 9.6.4
. 10 . 3 . 6
. 10 . 8 . 0
. 10 . .10 155 . 9 . 9
Payments for Guard duty made "by Col. Stephens & Henry
Parker from 1 Oct. 1741 to 3I Jan. 1741/2
Oct. 6 Pd. Henry Loyd for guard of Warrens hotme
occupied hy Ja. Lewis Camuse the Silk Man ...0.1.0
24 Pd. Do. for do. ..0.1.0
llov. 13 Pd. Do. fordo.0.1.0
Dec. 4 Pd. Do. fordo.0.1.0
23 Pd. Do. fordo.0.1.0
Jany. I5 Pd. Do. fordo.0 . 1 . Q 0.6.0
7^ (C)
Pajnnents made "by Col. Stephens & Hen. Parker to Trust Servts.
out of their time and taking up land from 1 Oct. 1741 to 31 Jany. 1741/2
Nov. 20
Dec. 4
Jan. 1
Pd. Jo. Brinxman to purchase tools .
Pd. Sami. Byon for do.
Pd. Jo. Brinxman & wife 1 months allowance
now going
Sami. L^ron
to Settle
allowance on do.
his wife
& wife
1 months allowance . .
Sami. lyon 1 months allowance for his
Pd. Gaspar & Jacob Herha for tools now going
to Settle
wife 4 weeks allowance. .
?d. Jacob Herbah & wife 4 weeks allowance. . .
Pd. Jo. Brinxman & wife 4 weeks a,llowance. . .
Pd. Sami. Ii^ron for his wife 4 weeks allowance.
0 .12 . 0
0 .12 . 0
1 .10 . 0
0 .12 . 0
12 . 6 . 0
(D) Expences on Indians made by Col. Stephens & Hen.
Parker from 1 Oct. 1741 to 31 Jany. 1741/2
Oct. 31 Sundrys for Indians Sc.23 1 . 0
Pd. for corn at 2/6 a bushel, for wine at
1 Shill, a qt. for jsi buiscuit, & Sugar,
for tobachg at 4^ a pound, for 12 pipes 4^
for Salt 8^ po^lnd at ^ penny, for gunpowder
Shot, and Knives for the Indians.2 .15 4^-
Nov. JO Siondrys for the Indians Sc.46 .16 .10-3/4
Entertainment & presents to do.4.2.3
Dec. 31 1^0 Pr. Harris foi* Sundrys for the Indians. . . 9 -16 . 7
Jany.30 To do. for Sundrys for the Indians.6 .12 . 6
93 4 . 7
75 (D)
Nov. 4
Dec. 16
Nov. ^
Payments ma.de by Col. Stephens & Hen. ^s.rker for Eejoycings
on Puhlick Occasions from 1 Oct. 1741 to 3^ Jsn. 1741/2
for wine biscuit & Gunpowder on the kings Coronation
.10 . E'l
Pd. for do. on his birth day.1 .16 . 9-1/4
2 , 6 .11
Payments made for Execution of justice by Col. Stephens &
Hen. Parker from 1 Oct. 1741 to 31 Jaiiy* 174l/2
ia To food for prisoners.0 .10 . 7|' 0 .10 . 7
E^^ences on the Saltsburgers made by Col. Stephens (Ss
Henry Parker from 1 Oct. 1741 to 31 Jany. 1741/2
Pd. the Eevd. Mr. Bolzius n Trustees order , .77 0 0
Pd. Dr. Thielo to compleat his 3 years
allowance of provition orderd by the
Tnist . . . .".5.17 . 7
Pd. J. F. Vigera u order of the Trust.25 . 0 . 0
Pd. Mr. Bolsius for the Sa.ltsburgers who
arrived in the Loyal Judith being part of the
Sum orderd by the Trust.l40 .0,0
248 . 8 . 2
Expences on the Trust house in Savannah & Council house made
by Col. Stephens & Mr. Parker from 1 Oct. 1741 to 31 Jeny. 1741/2
Pd. Jo. Millidge carting Bricks for the
Trust house.0.5.0
To nailes for the Council house.0 .12 . 6-g
To Ja. Cormick for work done at the Council
house .3-0-0
76 CB)
Dec. 24 Pd. Peter Msillier for 2000 Shingle neiles
for the Trust house.0.6.0
31 Pd. Tho. Esillie Smith in full of his work
to this day.1.I3 .10
16 Pd. Jo. Cornich for work at the council
house.1.10 . 0
Pd. Jp. Papot for carpenters work there . . . . 4 .I5 . 0
Pd. for a lock for the Council house. 4 , 8
12 . 7 . 0
(S) Payments made hy Col. Stephens & Henry Parker
on Acct. of the Trust farms from =*1 Oct.
1741 to 31 Jan. 1741/2.
Oct. 16 To Tlao. Young for repairing the Trust Vfeggon. . 0 .12 . 0
To Tho. Bailey for Sundry Iron work to this
3 . 7 .10
To Nails, Sole leather. Twine Tar & oyl .... 0 . 7 7
To Corn l6% bushels for Trust Oxen, horses &
Nov. 9 To Mary Hewet taking up a trust horse. 14 . 0
To Corn & rough rice for Trust Oxen horses &
12 . 6