Letters from Georgia, v. 14203, 1737 June-1739 January

(Voliune 14203)
1 (9)
JoTjraal of Thomas
Causton Esq. 1st Bailif
of Savannah
from 25 May 1737 to 24 July following
25 May Wednesday
John Lindall officer of Guard Began to unload ye Sloop from H. York,
Monday in ye evening, as ye Saltzhurghers were rolling a hhd. of
Molasses to ye water Side, one of ye Staves pressed in hy wch. near
half of it was entirely lost. Sundry Stores issued & receivd as p
day hook;
Mr, Wesley having askd Mr, Jones to Set out ye Glohe Land, wch. being
done, he desired yt. some part of it might he forced in Oha. Briton
being in debt to ye Trustees, has mdertook to split Rails for ye same,
on Condition yt. I support him 10 lb. provisions Mr. Wesley having
also desired a Schoolroom for ye Children, to be built by his house, John
Desborough has undertook it for l4 i Str. he being likewise in Debt to
ye Trustees, I am to allow him provisions only.
26. James Campbell (for Austin Weddal) officer of ye Guard. Wm. Sterling
h coBiplaind to me yt, Mr, Bradley had taken possession of some lands
on Vernon River, by wch. he apprehended he shd. be defeated of his
right of being first Seated, his Grant being prior to that of Bradleys
I askd him, if he was sure of it he said he was so sure yt. he had
laid aside all thoughts of (lO) Settling there, & that he had pitdid
on another place, wch. was pt. of Wilmington Island, & was a large
Tract of ^and, sufficient for himself & brother, & some other friends,
who would come here immediately if they were sure they could have Lands
to Joyn theirs. He said he desired nothing more of me yt. yt. it
2 (10)
27 May
28 May
miglit Ise mentiond to ye Trustees, & yt. I wou*d take notice of ye time
of this application, jor yt. no other person might take px possession of,
or claim ye Same land on pretence of any request prior to his. He
told me, ye reason for leaving their Settlement on ye argyle River, was,
yt. they sufferd very much hy being So far distant from any market. --
I told him I would acquaint ye Trustees of ye matter, & yt. it would he
proper to acquaint them himself, as well as of ye reasons why he had
left his former Settlement; as of this request.
A periaguer arrivd wch. Sawd Timber for Mr. Robt. Williams from Caro
lina. Sundry Stores issued & receivd as p Day book.
James Carwell Oficer of ye Gtiard.
Cole. Beamor arrived wth. Butter & Fowls; as he is a planter who has
always Seem*d willing to Serve the Colony, I bought them; he offerd me
a Drt. wch, I haw made in his favour on Mr, Jennys on acct. of ye
Rumm Duty (11) being value for Sundry provisions bought of him for ye
Store telling me Mr. Jennys refund paymt. because I had drawn for more
money wt. ye Govemmt. of Carolina had granted to ye Colony; I thereupon
wrote out ye Rum Duty Acct. and Sent it him by ye Colb. wth. an Explana
tory Letter, to wch. I referr.
Sundry Stores issued & received as per day book.
Walter Fox Officer of ye Guard.
Tho. Ware, Mar. of ye Sloop from H. York, having deliverd his Cargo, I
certified his Acct. for wh. I received in ye Store.
I reced. a letter from Capt. Ferguson desiring Latters Muster Roll,
& that he wod, go down to Cha. Town wth. him to be Sworn to it; for now
he Viat^ an opportunity of getting ye money.
3 (11)
31 May
Jolui E6a teiag lisra wth* Mr* Horton brought ms liis Estatlisiunt.
& Accts.
Sundry Stores issued & reced. as p Day "book.
Sunday 29th May 1737.
John Vanderplahk Officer of ye Guard.
Nothing material.
Wm. Cooksey officer of ye Guard.
Wm. Bollinger Junr. arrivd from Purryshurgh wth. 2 Steers killd
last night wch. I receivd in ye Store, at 12 Curry, p It. He told
me he had 11 more at Purristurgh wch. he kept on purpose for me, if I
wanted them. I agreed to take *em on Condition he wou*d kill once a
week, at wch. time I orderd him to deliver to ye Millwri^ts & Cowkeeper
at (12) Old Etenezer, & to ye Saltzturghers at St, Etenezer Such propor
tions as they should Severally have occasion to take, wch. they should
fetch; I pressd very much yt. he wou*d drive *em over the River; he
Said it was almost impossitle at present, & that it was too Small a
number to Answer so much trouble.
Sundry Stores, &o.
Noble Jones, officer of ye Guard.
^Dhe mill wrists who are building ye Sawmill at Ebenezer River,
acqtiainted me yt. ye waters there had overflown ye Lands very much, &
rose 4 foot higher, than (as they were informed) was ever known. They
Said they had brought all their Clay to ye Mill wch. they fetchd 6
Miles below it; that as soon as ye waters were down again, they wou*d
lay ye Foundation, having every thing ready to raise; There having been
4 (12)
opinions spread in town yt. it was an improper place, I was ye more
partictaar in asking Richd. Cooper his opinion, who gave it me for
certain yt. ye place wod. do very well, & that any Timher might he
easily rafted from it into ye main River, that being ye chief objection
I >^n for 5 Months being 5 B St.
p. mo. I told him if he would bring a particular acct. of it I beleivd
ye magistrates would consider of it, but in ye light he put it in it
lookd like a raising his Salary wch. I had no power to do; whereupon he
shewd himself very angry & delivd. me up his Keys.
In ye afternoon Mr, Parker & Mr. Christie being wth. me, we sent for
17 (30)
himi & convinced him of his mistake; the magistrates orderd yt. ye 25
might he paid for the present for the assistance he mentiond; hut yt,
for the future, if there \ (5)
them yt. went to Darien wth. Mr. Cuthhert, they reckon yt. if they get
to Sgyannah Town, they wth. more Company will come & do mischief; j? for
there was four of ye iTauchees went to ye Savannah town sometime since,
& reported yt. ye Creeks had killd the rest of them, and they had made
their Sscape; the King desires you to send to Savannah Town, that they
might he taken there, there is several more %uchees here, hut they will
not take their Revenge on them. Hill they see wt. becomes of ye others.
My spouse gives her kind love & service to you, & all ye Family, & hope
you will accept ye same from
Your humh. Servt.
Jacob Matthews.
(73) Mr. Bolzius to Cap. Coram
Ehenezer July 28. 1737*
It was with a very great satisfaction that we have receiv'd the
honour of your letters of ye 12 June 173^ ^ Y 2d of March of this year
in one Packet; the contents of wch. are hestov/ed upon us at Dover by
your fatherly care & love. Our people remember with Thankfulness all
ye favours you shewed them at their Imbarkation at Dover, & as they
beseech God for rewarding You for this & many more testimonys of your
kindness to them with his heavenly blessings; so we are encouraged to
go on in putting up our prayers for the continuance of you, & other
Benefactor's triie wellfare, on which depends a good deal of our happi
ness. What pleasure would it be to us if we coTild be so happy as to see
^ (73)
your face sigain, well, would witbout doubt redound to our releif in y
many difficulties our settlement labours still under. Tbe half paru of
ye Saltzburghers you met vath at Dover are translated by Death to a
better life, & ye rest endeavour icfc themselves at our new Settlement to
ye utmost of their strength to gain their bread by labour, which they
could not hitherto get feat for want of their own good Grounds. Tho'
now no other land is yet laid out besides two acres for every family,
yet orders are given by ye Honourable Trustees to use dispatch in
running out all ye farms; wch. are designed for ye Saltzburgher's
property. If they ay should iiappen to be of a good Soil, as it is ye
prizeworthy intention of our Dear Benefactors, & mercifiil God would
grant his Blessings to ye peoples works they would be in short time
able to maintain themselves & their fsaailys, being hitherto forced
without their fault to live from ye Trustee's Stores at Savannah. O^jr
Town is laid out in the same manner Savannah is, & ye same good equal
order is here observed in building (7^) fences, hutts, Cowstalls,
other buildings; so that every body that sees our tovm, and ye good
order thereof, take a great pleasure in it, & complain about ye many
difficulties and hindrances ye Saltzburgers had formerly in their way,
or else they would have gone a great way further to ye Colony's improve
ment, & their own better Establisliment, A year's time ago, all our
Congregation were taken by a long & dangerous fever, & now God pleases
to send us ye same, wch. we will suffer by his grace, witn patience &
resignation unto his fatherly will & providence, We return humble
thanks for your very handsome judgment you give of our Saltzburgers.
They go on to love piety & Industry, & suffer envy, Slanderings, & many
5 (7-^)
difficulties. V/e daily meet in ye Churcli, after ye works are done, &
refreshments taken, for joynin^ our hearts in praying to God for us, &
our Benefactors especially, & for other people too, & have had
hitherto at this & other divine services of God, his blessing conVeyd
to us, by using ye means of Salve,tion. After ye people shall have their
full quantity of land, & some part good ground to subsist from, I
doubt not every well naturd man will live Retirement & Freedom of Con
science so happy, as is possible to be in this lower world. I delivered
my self ye enclosed letter to Mr. Joseph Watson, who is still in his
confinement at Savannah; He wondred as well as I did, that his letter
was dated in the month of June 1736, & reached to his hands not sooner,
than in ye month of June 1737, for wch. I could give not any reason.
He makes a great many complaints, wch. he had laid before ye Honourable
Trustees, & flatters himself aa of a good Judgement of them. (75) I
have great Compassion to his fatality, & beleive it would be redressed
easily by ye Honble. Trustees, if his whole affair sho\3ld be made known
to them. He looks very ill, & speaks of his Case, & ye reasons of his
confinement so bold, & free to every body that comes to see him, as I
never have heard it in my lifes time.
You was so kind as to remember the mother of my & my fellow
Labourers wife, of which I must acquaint you, that she died liappily at
Old Ebenezer, after a short sickness; wch. grieved my heart more than
any thing, seeing that she was a piour & very useful woman, & set
every body an Edifying Ex8r5>le. Please to have us furtner in your good
remembrance & favour, & to take it in good part, if I take further
opportunity to trouble you with some accounts of our Condition, tho
6 (75)
your many affairs for ye welfare of poor people are not unknown to me
Comitting you to Gods fatherly protection, & me with my Flock & my
Fellow-labourer, Mr. Grona!^ to ye Continuance of your favour, I am
Dear Sir
Yr. most humb. servt.
John Martin Bolzius.
(80) Memorial to the Hono\irable Trustees for Settling the Colony of
Georgia Concerning the State of the publick Garden at Savannah.
Sent to the Trustees by Mr. Hugh Anderson 10 Aug. 1737*
The publick Garden at Savannah consisting of ten Acres of Culti
vated ground regularly laid out to the Eastward of the Town lys upon
the Extremeity of the Bluff, or rising ground that banks the Eiver, the
greater part of it declines gently towards the East falling with a
Steep desent at the Eastern Extremity into a Marsh or Morass Ground yet
not drained or C-oltivated.
Tha,t the soil is extream Sandy having less Mixtxire of Clay or
Loany Earth than most grounds in tne Sax Province. ^That the garden
being only Surrounded with wooden Pales is no ways divided nor fenced
with Hedging of any kind. That upon the Bank towards the Eiver on tne
North side of the Garden and likewise tov/ards the North west where
formerly a Grove of Trees much Shelterd the Garden from the violence of
the Winter and northwest winds all now is cut down So that xhe garden
is equally Exposed to the Injuries of the Weather upon all Qua rters,
the Soil wanting influences of the Suns Heat it through which means
7 (80)
necessarily follows that none of the tenderer plants whose garar Roots
run near the Surface of the ground, or whose texture of parts does
req.uire protection from the Suns extream heat and Shelter from the Cold
of the winter can here Subsist, so that excepting Mulberries and Peaches
whose hardiness and extensive Roots in the ground secure them from those
Inconveniency nothing else can prosper. (81) That another Inconveniency
the garden Sustains is by all the parts being exposed to women Children
and every person v/ho walks therein. Fruits Grapes and whatever else
grows is pulld and destroyed before Maturity.
That notwithstanding those Inconveniencies the garden is very
proper to serve as a Mulberry Hursery for serving the Coloriy, it being
much the advantage of a Planter to bring his Trees from a barren and
worse Soil to a Rich and better.
But if it is the design of the Honourable Trustees to make the
garden a Kursery and Repository of other productions, such as may be
proper for the Interest of the province to Cultivate Vines, Clives
Trees, Plant Druggs, &c, It is humbly conceived the following method or
some such other as the Eonble. Board shoiald Judge proper munt be taken
to fitt it for that purpose.
1. To protect aiid rear up from the Stocks of the Trees cut down upon
the north and northwest the the new growth to fitrnish a Shelter for
the garden as soon as may be upon these Quarters.
2. (That Hedging be raised within the ^ales to inclose the garden,
and all the inner divisions of it in like manner may be hedged
round, which is conceived will in a great measure shelter the
respective Divisions both from extremities of Heat and Cold and will
8 (81)
retain a refreshing Moistnre very necessary for the Dryness of the Soil,
by this means likewise will the Contents of each division be saved from
the Hcvages of bhuen Children end idle persons, tho the use of the walks
were comufonicated to the Publick and it would be easier for the (8?.)
Gerdeiiers to fit the respective divisions by propel- Culture end the
mixture of proper Soils and manures for the nature of the Plants to be
contained therein.
To drain the Marsh to the Eastward of the Cardan which will
furnish it with a Variety of soil fitt for such plants as require a
greater degree of moisture and likewise afford a very proper mixture to
q,ualify the too open nature of the Soil of the garden aoove.
To build a Green-house which might shelter those Plants and
trees which would Stand in need of it in the Winter Season, protect
those concerned in the garden from the inclemencies of the
weather, and be a repository for Seeds, fruits. Boots Tools &c.
That if it was the pleasure of the Trustees, some apartment
might be furnished up as a Labaratory with proper furnaces Stills &c,
for trying such Experiments as might tend to the publick benefit, and
which iipartment might be furnished with a proper Collection of Books on
the Subject of jfigriculture and iinprovements, to which all persons
desiring to be instructed might ha,ve Access and where any Society of
Improvers regularly formed within the Province might have allowance to
That a. well and Pump be allowed in the upper part of the Gan-den
for the conveniency of watering the whole.
That whereas Twenty Acres more of ground much of the same nature
9 (82)
of Soil is reserved for the use of the puhlick garden, That the Trustees
would he pleased to order the Same should he (83) inclosed. Cleard of
Brush and that the person having Charge of their Cattle should fold them
therein every night this would quickly enrich the Soil and he no daB3ai
disadvantage to the Cattle who presently ly in the Streets.
As to the fitness of the above proposals or any ac others that
may he necessary to make the garden ansver the designed pvirpose the
Honourahle I4r. Oglethorp if at London will please to give his Juagement.
(84) Daily Gazetteer Aug, lo. 1737-
Observing a Paragraph in ye Lonuon Daily Post of Thursday' last,
wch. says, ye Spaniards claim some part of iunerica now possess'd by ye
English; & tha,t ye Colony of Carolina being situated in 32 degrees of
Latitude, & 294, 1-half of Longitude, & that that of Georgia being to
ye South of ye same, it is indisputable yt. this last, as well as ye
first is within ye Territorys of ye king of Spain, according to ye
Treaty in I67O; & yt. ye Demai-cation between Carolina & Plorica was
regulated by ye 7th article of ye Sd. Treaty to be 33 Deg. 50 Min.
North Lat. & 339 Deg. & 20 Min. Longitude.
It is judged necessary to set ye publick right in that matter,
by informing them, that ye 7th article of ye Sd. Treaty referr'd to,
wch. was dated ye 8 - 18 of July I67O, instead of stating ye Demarcation
as above, confirms ye right of ye Crown of Great Britain in ye posses
sion of Carolina. His Majty. king Charles ye 2d (wth. whom ye Sd.
Treaty was made) well knowing ye Eight & ^^itle he had to ye whole
10 (84)
Province of Carolina., granted ye same to ye then Ld. Chancellor Clarendon
(85) the Duke of Alhermarle, & others of ye first Eaiik in England, hy
his Eoyal Charter dated ye 30 June 1665, above 5 years before ye said
Treaty of 1670 was made; vinder wch. Charter ye Sd. Lords Proprietors
possess'd ye same. And ye Province of Carollria doth by ye Sd. Charter
appear to extend as fax as 29 deg. Eorth Latitude; wch. certainly takes
in all 30. Subsequent to wch. Charter, ye Sd. Treaty of I67O was made,
& ye 7th article thereof we have here Incerted at full length, because
ye Sd. Article is falsely quoted, there being no Demarkation mentiond in
that Article nor Treaty.
"All offences. Damages, Losses, wch. ye %tions & People of Great
"Britain & Spain have at any time heretofore, upon what cause or
"pretext soever, suffered by each other in America, shall be ejqjvuaged
"out of Bemembrance, & buried in Oblivion, as if no such thing had ever
"Moreover, it is agreed, that ye most Serene King of Great
"Britain, his Heirs & Successors, sliall have, hold, keep, & enjoy for
"ever, wth. plenary Eight of Sovereignty (86) Dominion, Possession &
"Property, all those Lands, Eegions, Islands, Colonies & Places
"whatsoever, being or situate^ in ye West Indies, or in any part of
"America, wCh. ye said king of Great Britain & his Subjects do at present
"hold & possess; so as that in regard thereof, or upon any Colour or
"Pretence whatsoever, nothing more may or ought to be urged, nor any
"question or Controversy be ever moved concerning ye same hereafter;
And ye Treaty of Utrecht concluded in ye year 1713, .gain con
firmed ye possession of all Carolina in ye Crown of Great Britain,
11 (86)
Ana in ye year 1729 The Parliament of Great Britain porchaBed for
his Majesty from ye Lords Proprietors, ye whole Province of Carolina,
hounded to ye 29th degree, in ye manner abovementioned; wch. comprehends
North Carolina; South Csnolina & Georgea. By wch. it indisputably
appears, that ye two last are within ye Territorys of ye king of Great
Britain, as well as ye first. And this Eight hath been continually
(87) maintained by ye Crown of Great Britain, who hath encouraged people
from all nations to resort to & settle in, ye Sd. Collonies, wch. they
have done wth. their Effects & familys, greatly to ye Benefit of ye
British Nation, for ye Exrports to & Imports from those Colonies do
amount to several Hundred thousand pounds sterl. yearly.
The British Subjects who jcaxkada inhabit those Countrys, under ye
faith of Regal & of Parliamentary encouragement; erected towns,
built houses, tilled large tracts of land, raised Stocks of Cattle, &
possess above thirty thousand slaves; & this wth. ye Consent & assistance
of ye Native Indians, who for many hundred miles round have submitted to
ye Crown of Great Britain, & taken Commissions from ye Governors sent by
ye king of Great Britain, & display British Colours in their several
towns, in token of their submission to his majesty.
This surely is another kind of claim, than ye wild pretensions
of a nations, who have massacred half ye Natives of America, under a
Grant from ye Pope.
12 (88)
Mr. Wesleys Account of the condition of the Forts and Settlements in
Georgea Septhr. 1737-
1. Savannah stands on a high "bluff which commands the River Savannah
"both ways for severall miles. 2!he soil is a white sand for about a
mile and a half la breadth. South East and North-west ward, beyond
this Eastward is a River Sv^aa^), Westv/ard a small wood, in which was
the Old Indian Town; South-westward is a large Pine barren bounded
on each side by Swamps, on the Edge of which run tracts of Oak-land.
2. St. Simons ^sland, having on the south East, the Gulph of S'lorlda,
on the other sides. Branches of the Alatamahaw River, is (according
to the Survey raade 1736) forty five Miles in Circumference. On the
west side of it upon a low Bluff Stands Frederica, having woods to
the North and South; to the Bast partly woods and partly Savannahs
and partly Marches, the Soil is mostly a blackish Sand. There is not
much pine land on the ^sland; The greatest part of the woods con
sisting of Oelc and other trees, intermixed with many Savannahs and
Old Spanish or Indian Fields,
3. Darien lies about 20 Miles from Frederica, One from the ruins of
Fort King George: biu.lt 15 or l6 Years Since and abandoned about
Nine Years ago. It Stands upon a branch of the Alatamahaw, upon a
bluff, thirty foot above the River, from hence to Savannah (about
ninety Miles) one may easily ride in two days and a half, the Soil
is a blackish Sand, bearing Oak near the town; beyond which is the
Pine barren. Besides what the present settlers have cleard, here
are Severall fields formerly cleared (as is said) by those of fort
King George.
13 (88)
Augusta distant from Ssvsnriali 15^ Miles, and five from Old aavannali
Town is designed to Stand in an Old Indian Field on a Blnff 30 foot
aBove tlie P.iver, Mr. Lacy Set out for this place with 19 Men on
May 19 1737 snd arrived there May 29- Seven more Set out on June
28. Soon after his arrival he "began a foi*t of Woodden Piles Musket
proof this was about half finished when he Came to Savannah about
October last. But the lots even in the town were not then run out:
Neither was any (89) house built therein; nor any more land cleared
than they fo'und so.
5 Old Ebenezer lies about 25 Miles West of &H5 Savannah. SksSxjEK The
Situation is very pleasant there being many little hills with
brooks between them; but the Soil is a white sand, here are four
large houses twenty huts a.nd about a hundred acres of rough-clear *d
land; the English nov; Settled here say tha.t without Manuring, the
Land will bear nothing, and that the Saltzburghers did not receive
from their Common field, even the Corn they put into the gro'und.
6 New Ebenezer lies Six Miles Eastward from the old on a high bluff by
the Savannah River. Here are some small tracts of fruitfull land,
w-fc-HrkwTg'ywiir-kgryt'-ir^sEg.t but the greatest part of that adjoining to the
town is Pine-barren. The Huts Sixty in number are neatly and
regularly built: the little piece of ground allotted to each for a
garden is e-very where piit to the best use. No spot being left un
planted. Nay even one of the main streets being one more than was
as yet v;anted, bore them this year a Crop of Indian Corn over and
above which they have cleared and planted this year one hundred and
fifty Acres.
14 (89)
7 About ten Miles E;?st from this on a Creek three Miles from Se.vennah
Eiver is the Village of Abercorn Sks; the Creek is West of the
Village (with a large Cypress Swamp beyond it) which on the other
Sides has Oak-lsnd. Here are Six hutts and near fifty Acres of
Cleard land, but the Inhabit^nce are part deed and the rest removed
So that it is now utterly f desolate.
8.9.10. Four Miles below the mouth of Abercorn Creek is Joseph town
Commonly called Captains bluff. Here are a house a Hut and about 80
Acres of Oak-land clean-ed, about 15 Acres of good land are cleared a
mile below, at that which was Sr. Francis Bathursts Plantation. Here
is a hut too in which Sr. Francis lived, a quarter of a Mile from it
is Walter Augustines Settlement, where are a Sav/ mill, three Huts
two Small gardens and about six Acres of Cleared land. But all these
are now left vrithout Inhabitant, unless now and then a few Stragling
Indians, (90) A Mile below this is Captain Williams and his Brothers
Plantation. They have a house here. Several huts and above forty
Acres of Pine-land Cleared. A Mile hence is the Cowpen where Mrs.
Matthews ({3cKlca Musgrove) has a, good house, two Huts and near fiity
Acres of cleared-land; Part of it Pine-land, Pert Oak and Hickory,
adjoining to this is Capt. Watsons Lot, where are a few Acre of good
land Cleared, on which is an unfinished house Swiftly running to
ruin. A Mile from this is Irene, a house built for an Indian School
on a Small round hill in a little pTrttwxxpicBg piece of fruitfull
ground (about 5 Acres) most of which is now cleared, the Indian town
15 (90)
with about ten Acres of Clesr land, is within a furlong of it.
16.17 Five miles Southwest of Savannah on a small rise Stands the
Village of Highgate. It has Pine land on three Sides and a Swamp on
the fourth Eight Families (out of twelve) remain there. One English
Two Swiss, Five french. They have Eight Huts and two as good
gardens as the Soil permits, (which is a barren Land) with near
forty Acres of Land well cleard. A mile Eastward lies Hampstead,
in a more fruitfull Soil, about ho Acres of which are cleard. Here
are Six Huts, and five Families remaining; Vizt. Two Portuguese, One
German and two Sw'iss.
18 At Thunderbolt, Six Miles South-East of Savamnah, are near a hundred
Acres of Land cleared, three houses which are musket Proof and a
small fort which was mounted with Hiae guns. But part of the walls
are now fallen, which the rest will soon follow.
19 Four Miles south of Thunderbolt is Skidoway, An island containing by
con5)Utation 6OOO Acres. The Village is at the Horth East point
where are a fort. One house fou* huts and twenty Acres of Oakland
Cleared. A Mile estv/ard are two Fskiilies, who have also a small
fort a hut and ten acres of Clear Oak-land. But nine of the ten
families settled in the Village are dead or gone; and the huts and
forts are hastening into ruin. (91)
20 A Small Creek divides Skidovray, from T^^bee Island, on the south
East corner of which fronting the Inlett were the ten or tv/elve
families, they begun two huts and a house (but finished neither)
16 (91)
end cleard aoont five Acres of Pine-lend. sfter most of them had
drunk themselves to death the remaining went to other pte places.
So that the Island is now as "before a Settlement of Opossiims,
Eacoons end the like Inhabitants.
21.22 A"bout 20 Miles (by water) northwest from Skidowsy, on the side
of Vernon River is Mr, Houstowns Plants,tion. He has a. Hut there
and about 20 Acres of Osk-land cleared, but now lives wholly in the
town. Pifty Miles beyond, up Ogeechy River is Sterlings Bluff,
where are said to be two good Houses and 100 Acres of land cleard.
But one of the three Gentlemen who Settled there is dead and the
other two have quitted their plantations and with all their servants
removed to Savannah.
23.24 Fort St. Andrews I have not seen. Fort Argyle Stands 20 Miles
above Sterlings Bluff on a high Bluff by the River Ogeecliy. Tis a
Small Square wooden Building, Musket proof, vrith Four little Cannon.
The ten Freeholders Settled here cleared 30 Acres of Pine-Land, and
built one house with part of another, but all of them except two
are now gone. The Houses are rotting away. The walls of tne fort
are partly fallen already partly waiting for the next Gust of
wind. And the land lying wast will in a few years, be as it was
17 (92)
Copy of John Savy's Letter to the Trustees for Georgia, dac Dated at
Cailes October the 22d 1737*
My Lords and Gentlemen
It's vrith the greatest Submission I am Master of & a sincere
Repenting for what I have done against the Colony of Georgia, Tha.t I
dare direct You these Lines which is to give Your Excellencies and
Honours an Account of what is now doing in order to destroy that Colony;
It will prove some trouble to yoxir Excellencies and Honours to read and
peruse my Letter, but that You may be fully Satisfied of all that has
been done since I have had the misfortune to be in the Spanish Service,
my Letter must be a little long to go on as regularly as I can possible,
I iiiust/feKgxxK luy unfortunate Story from my Departure from Georgia, and
give your Excellencies and Honours a true and faithfull AccoTint in that
I am married in Charles Tourn South Carolina to Captn. Daniel
Green's Daughter, a Man of Worth and Honour & having run in Debt more
than I was able to pay, was obliged to go to Georgia, and some time in
June 1735 set away from there in the Brigantine Two Brothers commanded
by Ceptn. Wm. Thomson in Company with Mr. West and one Mr. Stirling,
and the first Vessel ever came loaded from Georgia: I take the Liberty
to give / You these Hints that You may inform your selves who I am. Now
to go on with what regards the Colony, I shall proceed to Business,
which is, when we came in the Brittish Channel, according to Agreement
Captn. Thomson put me in a French Fishing Boat who carried me to Diepe
the 19th Day of August 1735, from where I proceeded to Paris, and being
there destitute of every thing to Support Human Life I applied my self
18 (92)
to the Spanish Secretary Don Fernando Trivinio Fig:aero, who sent my
Letter to the Deceased Don Joseph Patino, which was an Account of all
the Colony of Georgia, who sent me directly Money to come to Madrid to
gi-ye him a larger Accoiint of those Settlements and sent me away to the
Havannah in order to go against said Place. In last August the
Spaniards sent 400^ Men for St. Augustine, and there is an order to the
(93) Vice King of Mexico to Send a thousand more, they have sent
Artillery, Provisions and every thing necessary to attack the said
Place in May next. Therefore if your Excellencies and Honours think
proper to order your Scouts hoth hy Land and Water, to keep a sharp
Look out, I believe will not he amiss. There is also a new Governor
gone to St. Augustine and Don Antonio Eedondo an Ingineer well known hy
James Oglethoipe Esqr.*. K*x who I pray God may he well and in London,
for he is the best acquainted with all the Affairs of America of most
^ People in the World. ITow my Lords and Gentlemen, I hope to he in
London to put my self at your feet as soon as Ships can carry me, hut
for fear I should miscarry I give You this rougn Uotice wnich is sincere
and Truth, and hope yoTor Charity will , when it pleases God that I
arrive at London, pardon me if You think proper. For as for my own
part I think my self unworthy of it, liaving offended my God, my King and
my Country; hut shall he satisfied with what Chastisement Your Lordships
think proper for me.
I have Surrendered my self to the Captn. of the Grar^)? who will
carry me to the Commadore of Gibraltar, from where I shall proceed to
Loiidon and then shall acquaint Your Lordsnips more at large, and as I
have made the Sore, if its possible You'll pardon me, I shall soon
19 (93)
heal it. And what I offer now is out of pure Inclination to lay King
PTifl Country, end humbly beg Youll believe that what Informations I
gave the Spaniards in regard to those Golonys was out of Necessity and
not out of good vail; for now if Your Lordships pardon me, which I
can't pardon my self, I shall see my family fight with Courage for
Georgia, and let You into all their Affairs. I go here by tne Name of
Migael Nall, but my Name is John Savy Nephew to John Lewis Pa.ulkham in
Token House Yard Exchange Broker. I hope your Lordships will pardon
the bad Writing, bad Style, but You may assure your selves of Truth,
and when it pleases God that I can be at your Office to give you an
Account at large of all I know (9^) in these Affairs, and I shall dye
Satisfied v/hen I can be once more in the British Government. I hope t^o
Sail from here in Ten days, but nevertheless reinforce once more your
Land and Water Scouts by the first Ship that Sails for those parts, and
am with due Respects once more begging Pardon of Your Lordships.
Your most humble & most Patifull
Servant to Command
John Savy.
(94) Copy of Mr. Stone's Better to Mr. Martyn Dated the l6th of
November 1737-
I send You herewith by my Lord Duke of Newcastle's Order a
Letter from John Savy to the Trustees for the Colony of Georgia. This
Letter was delivered by Savy to Mr. Cayley His Majesty's ^ Consul at
20 (9^)
Cadiz to "be ^arrmi forwarded to England. Mr. Cayley sent it open to
Mr. Eeene who transmitted it to my Lord Euke, and I am directed "by his
Grace to desire that You would deliver it to the Tirustees. I am plying ye necessary Demands of ye Colony in all its
parts has been ye immediate business of ye Store, under my Care, time
did not permit to post in a proper manner the several Issues & Eeceipts
so as to know (when Mr. Oglethorpe went) wt. was ye amount of ye Debts
& Credits; wch. being since Stated, Debts will appear to be owing to
sevl. (l64) who were not then calld to mind, so as to be mentiond in
ye acct. made up by Mr. Oglethorpe & me, intitled, Hecessary Expences
at Savannah & places adjacent; but I beg leave to hope as to ye Sevl.
Limitations in ye Northern Division, that when you shall receive ye
Genl. acct. for ye year 1736 you will order such a Certain Establishmt.
as you shall juage necessary, it being a very uneasy Situation to Act
without it. As such Genii. Acct. is now made up, I shall endeavour to
Send it herewith.
As to ye Southern Division you will also receive an accoxmt of
wt. has been sent to Erederica & places adjacent to ye 28 March 1738;
and as I have wrote to Mr. miite to make an Inventory of his Stores to
ye same time, that will mi be also transmitted when it comes to hand.
o' pj
48 (164)
Altho* this letter was intended to he finishd on ye 7th of Apr,
the taking an Inventory of Stores, & making up ye General heads of
Accounts for the Year 1736, ha^s (till this time) prevented its being
Sent, & 1 humbly hope you will not think it an unnecessary delay because
ye right Stating of those accts. is ye Surest method I have of represent
ing to you ye reasons for the General Eapence, whereby you may wth more
Certainty (l65) fix your Establishment.
Lieut. Coll./Staodccaat arrivd here ye 6th inst. wth. ye sw & ye
Whitaker; ye people on board ye amy were all in good health but those on
board ye Whitaker have been generally ill of fevers, supposd to be
occasiond by ye Lowness of her Decks; & some have dyd.
Capt. Panshaw went into Cha. To. & it was (at first) beleived
he intended yt. all ye Transport^ Ships shotild go in wth. him, & that
he woud discharge em all there.
Under this apprehension Lieut. Coll. Cockran usd means to prevent
ye Transport Ships from going there, as being a pla-ce very improper for
any one designd for Georgia to Set foot in first, besides the Danger of
Desertion, & ye great Charges must consequently attend their Conveyance
from thence to their respective posts; & ye light Poot not coming in for
sevl. days, he thought it necessary yt. ye officers on board ye amy &
Whitaker shoud make gcck: oath of ye orders he gave for not going to
Cha. Town, and of the Reasons for so doing; to ye intent yt. if any
Representation should be made in England concerning such orders, those
affidavidts (being transmitted) might justifie him. (166)
The Recorder & my Self went (at his request) to T^rbee to take
those Affidavidts.
49 (166)
Lieut. Coll. Cockrell*B apprehensions ceased hy ye Arrival of
Capt. Fanshaw wth. ye Light foot on ye 13th inst. and it now appears
yt. ye Signal wch. Capt. Fanshaw made when he went into Cha. Tovm, was
for ye Ships to proceed to Savannah, & not to follow him. Therefore
Lieut. Coll. Cockran now finding ye great Care C^t. Fanshaw took to
prevent the Soldiery on hoard ye Light foot going on shore at Cha.
Town, & his real readiness to finish his Convoy, in ye manner his
Majty.s service required, does not think it proper to transmit those
affidavits himself, hut will submit ye matter to ye General on his
The people on hoard the Lightfoot are all in good health.
Immediately hired all ye Pettyaguas I could get, & have made all possi
ble Discharge for ye Ships. As there are hut few Conveniencys at the
Southward for ye Eecption of ye Stores, they are for the most part
Landed here; Capt. Gascoigne arriv'd at Tyhee ye day of , ye
& ye ^l^hitaker are wholly deliverd, & Capt. McKay wth. 5 pettyaguas
Saild ye 24 Inst, for St. Andrews, wth. about I50 passengers. The
remainder of ye people and Stores (16?) will go aboard ye Lightfoot, &
a small Brigantine lately arrivd here from H. York, & proceed for
Frederica, under Convoy of Capt. Gascoigne. As soon as ye pettyaguas
return, I shall transmit an acct. of ye Extraordinary Charges on this
The Eevd. Mr. Whitfield wth. ye Sevl. people (except Mr. Tolly)
mentiond in your orders of the 6 Jan. arrived safe at Savannah. Mr,
Whitfield having been very ill in the passage, has had a Eelapse, but
is now much recovered. As this place is without a Minister, & as Mr.
50 (167)
IB c
Horton has informd him there is no convenient habitstion for him, or
plane of worship (now standing) at Frederica, he chuses to tarry here,
till proper Conveniencys may be made there.
I have also yottr Honrs, sevl. orders of 11. Jan. & 11. feb: in
obedience to wch. I shall not certifie any more accts. wha.tever; those
already certified will inform you in a great measure wt. Debts are for
the most part due to ye several people concerned on acct. of ye Colony;
but it will be impossible to give a particular acct. of ye whole Debts
or Credits till ye acct. for the year 1737 (now making up) is likewise
gone (168) throu^.
I am in hopes yt. when you shall have seen these accts. & con
sider'd ye Issues thereon, you will not find many things unnecessarily
done; or yt. ye Confusion created ly making Bxpences before ye arrival
of Sola Bills to defray them, is culpable, because(wth. great submis
sion) it is unavoida-ble till an Establishmt. can be fix'd.
I4y whole desire being to demonstrate my endeavours to discharge
my Duty to you by obeying your orders & doing every thing necessary for
ye immediate Service of ye Colony; I beg leave to subscribe my self
Tor. most Dutiful Servt.
T, Causton
26.May 1738.
51 (17^)
Extract of Mr. Ha^ Andersons letter to Mr. Adam Anderson.
Savsnnah 15 Jnne 1738
Dr. Sir,
It is some months Since I removed from Town all my family to Such
accomodation as I could provide for them in the Country, and have
applyd my Self with the greatest diligence to improve my little farm.
I have cut down, clear'd, fenced & planted Ten acres of corn, peas, and
potatoes, and Four acres of Bice, "beside Some garden ground, nurseries,
cotton, to"ba,cko &c in Small quantities for experiments; and I readily
own, that without the continued favours and assistance I have had from
Mr. Causton, it had not "been possible for me to have done So much. And
as the neighborhood of his plantation affords me frequently the pleasure
of his company and conversation, iiy visits to the tov/n of Savanah axe
very Seldom.
As to what return my Improvements may make this Season, I will
not allo^iT my Self to con5)lain, tho my corn Shares the general fate of
the Province, of Suffering extreamly by the drought of the Sumer, and
that I can never expect to ballance the expence they have cost me. To
wrote of any unlucky divisions or party's among us, is a point too
ticklish for a private person; and indeed, tho it be the interest of
all of us, that the Trustees were acquainted with our real Situation in
every circumstance, the properest channel is what they have to our
universal Satisfaction appointed, I mean Col. Stephens, who no doubt
will acquit himself of his Comission, with honour and integrity; But
with respect to the Situation of the Province, in regard to its improvments and manufactures, as this is the Subject I have mostly exercised
52 (174)
my thou^ts upon, I Shall with freedom open my mind to you, as well
knowing you will make no wrong use of my ingenuity.
As the design of the Uation & Paxliamt. is very obvious in
Settling the Colony of Ceorgea, thereby to comunicate relict and happi
ness to numbers of British Inhabitants, who by the various incidents of
life were disabled to be so usefull to the Publick or themselves at
home; to people a frontier Province with Whites, only thereby to res
train the incursions of Prance and Spain, and Sec\3re the peace, trade,
& tranquility of the Horthern Colonies; and as the Trustees have with
indefatigable labour (to their great honour) chalked out the ways &
means, of making the designs of the nation effectiial, nay. Such means
as in time will I doubt not, repay the present national advances with
great advantage, I shall readily own that the Silk Manufacture will in
all probability in Some time ansv?er that end: And no doubt the Honur.
Trustees will be of opinion, tha,t all possible encouragement Should be
pointed to the Speediest raising of that manufacture; But as this will be
a work of time, there is an absolute necessity for the Support of Such
as diligently endeavour to raise the present necessary Supports of life,
until the Silk Iianufacture takes place. Prom the little esperience I
have had of the Soil, the Clime, the culture, the living, and accidents,
to which the most industrious are exposed, I do Sincerely and posltivly
affirm, that it is not practicable to defray the necessary charges, or
Supply the most Scanty necessaries of life. Por (175) this, I Shall
appeal to the experience, not only of Mr. Bradley, who has charge of the
Trustees farm (no doubt to give them a right estimate of what Skill and
dllligence may do). But to every particular person who has with greatest
53 (175)
diligence apply*d to cnltivate his Inheritance.
The land here. Sir, is not So fraitftdl hy far as represented at
home: the High grounds extream Sandy and loose, and the Action of the
Sun So powerfull, that the Strength and Substance of the Strongest
mixtures and manures are Soon exhausted, and nothing but an insipid
Cauut mortuum of it remainss So that a person who with great essence
and trouble has cleard 5, 10, or a greater number of acres, enclosed,
& planted them, the first year the brush Springing up from the roots,
deprive the ground of its Strength, and the grain of its nourishment;
If tkK he plants early, the corn is the more exposed to the Weavel and
other worms and insects: And if late, to drou^t, and in three years
without proper manure and enriching, is exhausted: Hay, Want of Air,
and the Shade of &arrounding trees are equally pernicious to the Corn
as want of moisture; Add to this destruction by Deer, who cannot be
fenced against, and a long &c of other accidents.
How Sir, when I represent the present St' te of our Improvments,
Do not misapprehend me, as if I thought those difficulties tmsurmountable in time. God forbid! The flourishing of the Colony will enable
the labourers to make larger openings, and thereby have better and more
air, and easier enclos'ures, will give the Strength to divide their plan
tations into proper divisions, to lay on proper Soils and dungs, for
tn^ meliorating the different kinds of Earths to tijrn in their
Cattle & hogs into the fallow enclosures, and thereby interchangeably
enrich them, and in Some years, when the roots of the trees are consumed,
to use ploughs. Sow European grains, and adopt Such i^rovments as may
Suit the Climate & Soil.
5^ (175)
I have talk*d of planting: I Shall now mention the Stete of our
Cattle. I readily own, that Cows and Swine produce here as well as in
any part of America, and when the Planter is enabled to keep and main
tain a Stock within his own enclosures, will no doubt add to the com
fort of his living, and enriching himself: But for the present, the
Cattle and their produce f go to the Woods, where they are generally
lost, or kill*d; many have not Seen their Cattle for Sevl. years, and
many are Satisfied they never will See them; many have lost considerably
hy Cattle and hogs, and -rory few can Say they have kept their original
Stock, and much less encreased their number, 13ae reason is very
obvious. The Woods and Swanks are very large and extensive, and it is
impossible for poor people to hunt them up, even in Carolina, the task
being very difficult and the Success not always certain, tho that
Province is much moe cultivated, and numbers of Hegroes and horses
trained from their infancy to ranging the woods. Let me add, that the
Straitned circumstances of many, who have not honesty enou^ to oppose
the tei^tation, makes them prey upon the properties of their Hei^bours,
both in town & Country.
The Inference from the whole is, that the overcoming those many
difficulties, must be the consequence of the Publicks Supporting the
diligent and industrioiis of the Colony, and of Such I only Speak, until
(176) Some Staple Manufacture takes place; But without Siich Support,
the feeble endeavours of ixiac infant planters can never Support them,
till that period arrives.
It would have been with the greatest pleasure I Should have
wrote of the Success and flourishing of all our improvments, had truth
55 (176)
allowed; But Sir, this would have been the in^osing on the honour &
good inclinations of others at our own expence. I am Sorry to find
that upon comparing circumstances here, with accounts which Several
persons of honour of the hoard were pleased to comunicate to me, of the
fertility and productions of this Province, that they were inposed
upon; which I reckon an injury done them, and a misfortune to the
But closing this Scene, wherewith I no ways doubt the Honbe.
Board will be informed by properer persons and of abler capacities, and
whereto I doubt not their wisdom will administ: Such remedy as is most
proper; I must express my Satisfaction in the agreable prospect, that
in Some little time the Silk may establish the Colony, and be the means
of overcoming all our difficulties. England can and will take our
Comodity off hand, and this Country can & will produce, both in quantity
and quality, equall if not Superior to Italy. The trees grow here
naturally, and when assisted by art and c\xlture, inprove exceedingly,
neither the cold of the Winter, nor heat of the Summer inpair them, and
a little experience will Soon teach us to Shun or remedy those little
accidents that might injure the manufacture. As for exaaple. Last year
the mulberry trees in the garden by Severe prunings & transplantings,
having produced few leaves, they were not Sufficient to preserve the
number of worms alive that were to feed with them. This obliged them
/adt the last resort to feed with the leaves of the black mulberry when
the white were all consumed; this change of food was fatal to the
greatest number of the worms; but this misfortune will never afterwards
happen, both because the trees in the garden have recoverd a great
56 (176)
degree of health and vigour, and that Several plantations can afford
quantities of leaves, and that Mr. Causton is using his utmost endeavours
to procure "both Seeds and plants for the use of the Colony. This yesx,
d after the mulherry trees had produced their hudds, a Severe frost killed
the b\idds, and retarded the leaving of them for Some weeks. In the mean
time, great numbers of the worms that were come to life, died for want
of ^ food. But this misfortune can for ever he guarded against, hy
c keeping a Sufficient number of Ova in a cool place. So as to retard
their vivifying until all possible misfortunes of the Season are over.
Yet notwithstanding, a considerable quantity is made this year, of as
fine Silk, as in the opinion of the best judges here, is in the world,
f The people are much in the humour of trying the Vine, and I
doubt not but Wine, Cotton, &c may be very usefull to the Colony: But
as I am not equally assured of those estperiments Succeeding, tho I hope
the best, I shall at present Say no more of them.
I am very Sensible of the obligations I ly under to the Earl of
Egmont*s good offices, but letters of compliment however Sincere, are
barren, and when addrest to persons in the higher Spheres of life,
whose time is dedicated to affairs of higher concerns, frequently (177)
impertinent; and I could not prevail on njy Self to trouble his Lordship
with Such a collection of Weaknesses, as I have unbosom to njy friend.
But what part of the above particulars you Shall think proper to
conrunicate to his Lordship, or any other, whose Knowledge of them may be
of Service, I entirely refer to your prudence. Informations may come
from others of more judgment & accuracy, but from none who hath a
greater regard to truth & Sincerity.
57 (178)
Georgia office
15 Jxuae 1738
Hae Trustees laave reed, a Letter from Mr. Causton dated 20
April last TDeing a Narrative of the late Alarms of the Spaniards Inten
tions against Georgia.
The first Advices Mr. Causton had were from Beaufort on the 8,
April, That Captn. Wm. Lyford on the 3^ April saw 2 Top sail Vessels
and 2 Sloops at AmgtfaBnf Anchor Before St, Augustine Barr, & 1 Ship &
Vessel coming to the Bar and saw Boats Passing to and from the Town to
the Vessels lying off. That he showed his Colours hut they showed none
to him, wch. made him heleive them to he Spanish Vessels.
Mr, Causton says Captn. Mackpherson & Captn. Mackintosh being at
Savannah he gave them Personal Notice he says further that this sudden
Alarm coming to his Hands before his Letter of the 7th instant was
finished. Obliged him to Postpone it, to give this the Preference. That
Joseph Prew arriving at Savannah on the 11th of April at ni^t was
brought to Examination next morning and on Oath Deposed.
That he arrived at Havannah 26 August 1737 being ii]5)loyed as a
Mate on board the Unity Sloop wch. conveyed Don Diego Gonsales Dies to
that place.
That on 20. Septr, 1737 Don Antonio de Arradondo sent for him to
his house, & then shutt the daoc Door upon him & told him he was a
prisoner, from whence he was secretly conveyed to the Moore Castle &
kept under Close Confinement.
That it was very plain & publickly known at Havannah That the
58 (178)
Sovemor thsre vps X^eparing a. Force to invade the Province of G-eorgia
& pticularly he had provided 2 60 Gan Ships 1 ^0 Gtm Ship 2 24 Gan
Ships & 2 Sloops of 8 Grins ea. & that there was a talk of emherking in
these or some other Vessels 7000 Men.
That in March last an Bispress arrived from Old Spain, first pat
on shore at St. Domingo, thence conveyed to St. lago de Caha, & thence
over Land to Havannah. Which Eitpress (as he was informed iinported
Orders to pat a Stop to the intended invasion of Georgia; for that there
had heen an Agreement between the Crowns of England and Spain, and that
it was carrently reported Tlmt by such Agreement Georgia, Gibralter, &
Port Made Hahor were to be Sorrendred to the Coart of Spain; or that
there were Concessions between the said Crowns of that or the like
Natore. (179)
That on 2.6 March 1738 he was pat on board a 24 Gan Ship which
then Sailed for St. Aogustine in Co. with a Small Ship 2 Snows & 1
Scooner as Transports wth. 500^ Soldiers & 80 Spanish Servants which
Arrived of St. Aogustine Barr the 2 April foil. & the smell Ship 2 Snows
1 Sloop and the Scooner went into the Harbour & the Servants, Soldiers &
himself were pat on Shore, and he then saw lying in the Hsrboor / 1
Spanish Sloop, 6 Galley Yauls, 37 Lances, & Pinaces & 2 English Sloops
besides those beforementioned to have entered the Harbour wch. esme with
the 24 Gun Ship fax from Havannah.
And that a Proclemation was publickly reed in the streets of
Augustine purporting Thet all the Negro Slaves that had run away from
the English should have their Freedom.
Copys of which Examination Mr. Causton sent to the President of
59 (179)
So. Carolina & to Captain Gascoigne.
Whereupon Col. Bull wrote to Lt. Colonel Montagut at IhirryslDurgh
to have the Chickasaw and Utchee Indians marched down or rendevouz at
Furryshurgh to assist either Colony that might want them & desired him
to furnish them with Provisions either Rice or Corn or Pease wch. he
shod, he paid for at the Market Price or have returned to him. And in
case of an Actual Descent on Georgia.; if any of the Purryshur^ers were
willing to go as Volunteers to the assistance of Georgia they should he
allowed 20 ii Currency p month from So. Caroliim for their Service.
Captn. Gascoigne wrote that he was Cleared and fitted, & should
miss no Opportunity of gaining Intelligence & advising thereof and
recommended a Boats heing in readiness to advise him of what came to
Mr. Caustons knowledge hy wch. he wd. also know what passed at the
Mr. Horton wrote for a Supply of some good Powder 6 Swivel Guns,
or 3 Sheep Skins & some Lead or Bullets which was all they should want
upon this Occasion; And that he could hy a Signal cell all the People of
Frederica together in Half an Hour; so that this Report should put no
stop to Any one Mans Lahour.
Mr. Mackintosh advised from the Darien !I!ha.t he neither wants
Provisions nor Ammunition.
Mr. Causton writes also 0!ha.t on his receiving the Advices of this
Alarm the Constables called the People of Savannah to Arms hy Beat of
Drum & that there appeared in 4 hours about 80 Persons, of whom there
were not above 4 Defective in their Arms. That the People in Genl.
continued their usual Alertness on these Occasions; hut the former
60 (179)
Clamotos for Forts & Commanding Officers revived; concerning which, he
shoxdd have a steady Regard to the Trustees Orders & would not act
Mr. Thomas Jenys late of Bristol and now of Charles Town wrote
to the Trustees 24 April 1738 That he had Been at Savannah from 12 to
l6 of this April settling his late Brothers Accts. with Mr. Causton and
mentions his Meeting with Captn. Prew there & his Discourse with him
who told him That a few days hefore his Departure from the Havannah
(180) an Express Packet arrived telling all was Peace; wch. the Spaniards
was pleased to give out was purchased hy the English with the session of
Port Mahon Gibralter & Georgia too. That Peace was proclamed at Augus
tine hy Beat of Drum But that on the next day another Proclamation was
made at Augustine hy heat of Drum, giving Freedom to any legroe that
would come into hear Arms, which hroxight in some, whom they put in
Arms, and gave out That they should have a Reinforcement of aht. 150
Florida Indians, in Order to protect a Settlement at the Appalache old
fields. TOiich Mr. Jenys thinks they will find and harder Task to effect
than they imagined; For the Indians are not so easily frei^tened away
from a place they think they have so nat-ural a right to.
Mr. Jerys writes That the/SMdc and Passes in Georgia were in good
order & well guarded & a constant watch on the Bluff That several Boats
had heen out and returned in Peace and safety. That he ha.d the Plea,s\3re
to acquaint the Trustees That the Trees in their Garden were most of
them in a flourishing state as well as the Vines That he saw the Maga
zine of Silk Worms which looked very healthy & he was sure that great
Quantitys might soon he produced & provided for, and That some few of
6l (180)
the Oranges had mett with the Tale of a Blight which had demolished
nwhers in Caroline. And concludes The.t he should rejoyce to execute any
Commands for the Trustees as his Predecessors had the (torn) to do.
These accts. I judged to he very well worth your Lordship*s (torn)
made me so particular in them. I am Ify Lord
Yor. Lordship*s Most Ohed. (torn)
I have sent the same accts.
Harman Verelst
to Genl. Oglethorpe & Mr.
17. June 1738
(186) Copy of a Letter from Mr. hitefield to Mr. Verelst Dated at
Savannah 1st July 1738*
All things relating to my ministerial business go on very well.
The People at Savannah are much ala.rmed, and are most kindly affected
towards me. The Church is crowded every night, and the Inhabitants are
very iraportuna.te for my Stay amongst them. I endeavour to behave with
all moderation to become all things to all men ana hope under God
shall be an Instrument of saving some. Frederica people have sent for
me several times; I intend visiting them in a fortnight and to return
to England soon after I come from thence. M8.ny things call me thither,
and if the Eonble. Trustees will order me a convenient House & Garden
and provide Servants for improving the Land, I intend to come backggain
as soon as possible to Georgia.
I wonder we hear nothing from You, and am
Your very humble Servant
62 (190)
Copy of the Eonhle. William Bull Esqr. President &ca. his Letter to the
Lords Commissioners for Trade &ca.. dated the 20th July 173*
My Lords
I heg le^ve to lay before your Lordships a Short Account of an
Affair which I apprehend to be of great Consequence and Advantage to His
Majestys Service in these Frontier parts of his Dominion.
The Hation of Chactavr Indians who live on the H.l. Side of the
Mississipi River near the Mouth Consists of 46 Tovms in which According
to the best Information are Contained Above 16,000 Men wch. far exceeds
the Humber of all the other Tribes of Indians in amity with this Govern
ment. They have hitherto been in the Interest of the French but have
lately sent Several Messengers to this Governmt. to propose and Desire a
Friendship and Commerce with the English.
The first Messengers Arrived here about the End of May last and
sifter they had delivered their Message which seemed to import So great
Advantages to His Majestys Subjects on this Part of America, Hothing was
Omitted which might Inspire them with Notions of His Majestys Grandeur
and Power and the Plenty of Goods which they mi^t Expect among them
while they Continued in Friendship with the English.
In their Conference they Exprest greet Satisfaction to find by
their Eeception and Entertainment that the English were So Different
from what they were Represented to be by the French wch. they Seid their
Nation would now be sensible of by the Presents that were given them,
with which they went away well satisfied.
Soon after their Departure arrived other Messengers on the same
Errand but from a Different part of the Nation these were Treated in
63 (190)
the S^me Maaner as the former; In their Conferance they took Notice thnt
several of their Head Men were Still in the Interest of the French who
Oppose their having any Commerce (191) with the English and therefore it
was Necessary when they got home for some of these to come and Tisit
this Government also, that they might likewise he Convinced how much it
would he for the Benefit of their Nation to he at Peace and have a
Trade with English.
And here I heg leave further to Observe to Your Lordships that If
a Peace and Commerce can he Effected and Maintained with the whole
Chactaw Nation How great an Addition of Strength His Majestys Subjects
will have to withstand their Enemys, as well as Enlarging and Extending
of the Trade for Skins and Furs which may in a little time require double
the Quantity of British Goods Such as Duffils, Strouds, Broad Cloth,
Guns, Powder, Bullets &ca. to Supply that Numerous People; And besides
these Advantages in Case of a War with the French they can have no
Assistance from the Chactaws against the English on whom they must
depend for a Supply of xxx all Necessarys, and in all Probability the
Chactaws on the Southern Frontier will be of much more Service to His
Majesty than the Senecas on the Northern, Because the French at Canada
have Tribes of Indians which may set them nearly upon a par with the
English and Senecas. But the French at Mobile and near the Mississipi
Eiver have no other Indians but the Chactaws whom they could make use of
against the English and the Indians in with them. As for the
Indians called the blew Mouths who live to the Westward of the MissisAmity
sipi they are in/^bddfcic with the Chactaws end will be Influenced by
them and it is likely will follow their Example; But if not, they are
64 (191)
S^emote that at Present we can Apprehend no Danger from them. Your
Lordships will Immediately Ohsenre that the Chactaws hy their Situation
if they are Gained from the Prench will he ahle to Cut off all Communi
cation between Canada and Louisiana.
But as an Affair of such Importance will he Attended with Con
siderable E35)ences, and other Difficultys to he provided (192) against,
especially as many of the Chactaws are yet inclined to the Prench and
will if Possible prevent the Success of this Undertaking, which I have
the Honour to lay before your Lordships. I therefore beg Your Lordships will please to signify Your Opinion and Directions for our Conduct
in this Affair, And whether upon an Application to His Majesty a Bounty
might be obtained for the Chactaws, as is allowed Yearly to the Senecas.
Your Lordships will please to Consider that besides such an Assist^mce
from his Majesty, this Province must be at Considerable Espences on
every Visit from the Leading Men of the Chactaws and other Nations which
will be often necessary and therefore not to be avoided, tho* very
burthensome to the People of this Province who have Suffered for several
Years past by the great Droughts and besides the Eacpences Occasioned by
our Preparations to withstand the e3p)ected Invasions of the Spaniards,
which this Province and the Colony of Georgia have been Alarmed with
these two last Years, and to \fhich We shsdl always be exposed while the
French can have any Influence over the Chactaws, which may likewise be
extended to the Gherokes who are at Peace with the Chactaws.
I humbly hope Your Lordships will Consider that this Affair of
Uniting so Numerous a People as the Chactaws to the English Interest may
be a principal Means of Securing the Peace and safety of all His
65 (192)
Majestys Dominions In North America, and of Disappointing a Scheme which
the French for many Years have been endeavouring to carry into Execu
tion. Vizt. to Settle a Communication from Canada to the Mouth of the
Mississipi to Destroy or Suhdue all the Indians in Sria; Freindshrp with
the English and hy that Means with their Indians to carry an easy War
into all the Settlements of the English along the Sea Coasts.
The Dependance the French had of Securing the Interest of the
Chactaws made the Execution of this Design appear Feasible and they had
already made a great Progress; B-at if this (193) Government should he so
fortunate as to give Matters a different Turn and Effectually secure the
Chactaws, I flatter ray Self Yoaxr Lordships will he of Opinion tliat an
Undertaking which will produce So general a good to all North America
ought not to he carried on at the Sole Expence of a Small Colony
exposed on the Frontiers, and thinnest of Inhabitants, tho more hurthened
with Taxes than any on the Continent. If His Majesty on Your lordships Representation Should he graciously pleased to take the matter
under Consideration and the Chactaw Indians Should feel the Effects of
^ his Royal Bounty, We Should have no reason to doubt hut thai all our
hones and Expectations would he Answered and that His Majestys Subjects
in Great Britain as well as America would Reap the Advantages that must
Necessarily attend So Usefull and Undertaking.
I am &c.
Will: Bull
66 (19^)
state of Elsenezer
June 1738
Here are at present 65 Lots taken up, and all except 3 occupied;
one only of which is deserted; one uncultivated hy the owner till his
retiu^n from Germany, vdiere he is sent on an Errand hy a deputation
from the rest, and one not improved, thro the Inability of the person
who it. After these people had cleared their two Acre Lots in the
best manner; instead of going on with their larger, which they were
discouraged from meddling with, being almost wholly a Pine Barren; they
fell heartily to work on all the want and common Land, near and round
the Town; which they have so effectually improved, that it makes a fine
appearance, and looks like one entire Field; tho by proper marks each
man knows his own, whether more or less, and one fence wss^saoEk encloses
the whole; vrhich (including the two Acre Lots) is by moderate computa
tion 180 Acres. The Corn in general Strong and good, only where they
planted of a different kind, there it proves much inferiour to the rest,
which is a Common Misfortxme thro all the North part of the Province,
owing to the Scarcity of good Seed at the time of planting, whereby
People were obliged, to take such as could be had, till better came.
Their land lies all neat and well houghed, free from weeds.
The Oeconony of the to\m, under the Influence of Mr. Bolzius
their Minister is exemplary and worth Notice. Their Hutts (or houses)
made at present of Clap Boards are decent, and regularly set crut in
Streets according to the Plan. For the more certain benefit of the
Milch Cattle, a Herdsman is appointed from among them, to attend them in
the woods all day, bring them home all in the Evening, and take them all
67 (19^^)
out again next morning, their Stock of outlying Cattle are also under
the daily Care of two other Herdsmen, who drive them to a Cow Pen at
Hight and attend them in their feed when turned out in the day. iis
Secures the (195) Owners from loss of any kind and the Herdsmen are
pa,id hy a Small Contribution agreed on among themselves. Here is no
regular Court of Justice, no Lawyer to plead, or Hum to intoxicate, hut
peace Seems to prevail, and in case of anjr petty difference among them
selves, the Minister calls 3 o* ^ of the discreetest Elders together,
who in a Summary way hear and determine as they think it Just, and the
Partys go away contentedly submitting to their Judgment.
Their regular times of puhlick worship, which is the Evening
only, after work on the week days; and the Forenoon, Afternoon, and
Evening, on Sundays, are so Strictly observed that whoever neglects
them, is not well looked on by his Hei^hours; and but few Instances are
to be found. A Tabernacle Sufficient to hold their number serves them
for a Church.
The largest building they yet have for publick use is a Con
venient House built for the Reception of Orphans, and other poor Children
who are maintained by Benefactions, and are neatly and well taken care
of and are taught to work according as they are able, and their Age will
permit, and very careftilly instructed in the dutys of Religion: their
present number is 1?. ie number of Sotils reckoned by Mr. Bolzius
whereof his Congregation Consists is l46.
68 (198)
/ in Ssvanali 17^0
/ 26 May 17^
State of Abercorn 1738
Old Settlers Present Occupiers or intended
Acres planted
1 William Watkins.deserted..
2 William Box.dead . . Geo; Thomson lately put in
Possessn. -
3 Richard Hu^es.deserted / 1738.
4 John Davis.Surrender'd to . . Issac Gibbs now in
Possession - 3
5 Earl Piercy Hill.deserted . . . John Brodie (a Hew comer
over with servants) not
otherwise yet fixed at
present here upon Suffer
ance with Intent to
plant wha,t vacant Land
he could find- 11
6 Thomas Antrobus.
7 John Thomson Junr., changed ....
to Augusta .
8 Robert Bunyan.
9 EWilliam Curtis.dead . . .
10 John Thomson Senr.dead . . .
Geo: Stephens deserted )
Succeeded by Robert )
Baird very lately )
Jos; Somers appointed, but
not yet occupying-
Jos; Stringer deserted 173 -
State of Hamstead July 173
Ho. of Lots
69 (199)
4 Mich; Bur^older )
with 7 young Children )
fay a former Wife hut )
his present V/ife is )
gone from him )
5 -Bernal a Jew )
left the Colony )
5 Gasper Holstatter and )
wife )
,6- Deval a Jew )
left the Colony )
.7 . Gideon a Jew )
left the Colony )
8 Simon Minas a Jew )
9 Wiilin. Pisher an )
Orphan and 2 Brothers )
at the Orphan House )
10 Jno. Houlster; his )
Family not yet come )
11 Mich: Bur^older Junr.)
Son of Mich. Senr. )
.12 Peter Dester & wife )
returned to Germany )
1739 )
Settled 2 Years and more hut little done
the first year hy reason of Sickness. Now
5 Acres cleared and well planted with Rice
and Pease besides one Acre of English Wheat
which he had come to good mat'urity and was
ripe in May. Very good Housing.
3 Acres and ^ cleared, hut neglected Since
and little planted of any Value, after 4
years and t Settled; only a mean butt
upon it.
Settled about 9 Months. 6 Acres cleared and
planted with Corn and Rice, and a Comodious
Hutt to li-ve in.
Settled 4 years and a very idle fellow,
2 Acres cleared and little planted of any
value; a mean hutt falling down.
Lately drowned at Savannah, only -I an acre
cleared none fenced or planted, nor any
Housing built after more than 4 years
5 Acres cleared but little of it planted; a
Hutt partly built but not finished after 4
years and half Settling.
5 Acres cleared and planted vrith Corn and
pease under the Care of Mich; Burgholder,
no Housing.
Newly Settled promises to go on well, and
works hard with other people, the Season
for planting being over before he came.
24 Acres cleared and planted with Corn and
Pease under the Care of his Father.
Settled 4 years, 5 Acres cleared and plan
ted with Corn and Pease; with very Com
modious Housing and every thing in good
N:B; Btir^older, Holstatler, Houlster, and Dester are all industrious
and Laborious men; the Rest of little Acco'unt.
70 (200)
State of Higligate Jtily 1738
1 Vacant
2 Do.
3 Thomae Stammer and Wife
and one Child
4 Peter Morelle a Wife
and 4 Children
( Settled about 16 Months, 6 Acres cleared
( and planted with Corn, Eice Pease, and
( Potatoes, and a Convenient Hutt.
( Settled 4 years and ^ 12 Acres cleared
( and planted with Corn, Eice, Pease and
((Potatoes; and Convenient Housing,
5 John Brown a Wife and
6 Peter Page
A Widow and Children
returned to England
( Settled 2 years end 6 Acres cleared
( pnfl formerly planted, hut now neglected
( thro Misfortune. Good Housing.
( Lately dead Settled 4 years and
( made Considerable improvements in several
( Convenient Hutts Built, and 8 Acres
( Cleared and planted formerly; but this
( year he neglected it, and rented a 5 Acre
( Lot near Savannah, which he very remark-
( ably in^jroved, and filled with many good
( things: He was a. very hard working Man,
( a Carpenter by trade, and chose to live
( near the To\m that he might have the bene-
( fit of both occupations.
7 Simon Eoviere & brother ( A Minor, Son of Stephen Mountforts Wife
( by a former Husband. A mean Hutt not
( Inhabited.
8 Stephen Mountfort a Wife(
and several Children (
9 David Hondan, a Wife
who is Sim; Eovieres
Settled 3 years 12 Acres planted
Jointly for the Behoof of him and his Son
in Law Eoviere, equally on their two lots
and they live together in a Convenient
Hutt of Mountforts.
Settled about l4 Months, 4 Acres cleared
and planted with Com and Eice and a hutt
from present use.
Settled 4 years and half. Cleared and
planted about 6 Acres with Corn and Eice
and various kinds of garden Stuff very neat
and commodious. Housing of Clap Boards.
10 James Jackson
71 (201)
11 James Landxee, a Wife and ( Settled 4 years and ^ Cleared 12
four Children ( Acres, planted part of it with Corn
( Eice, Pease Potatoes &c. and part of it
( filld with divers Sorts of garden
( Stuff, very Convenient hutts upon it.
12 .Vacant
N.B. The two last of these Viet. John Jackson and Landree are
remarkably diligent in raising Garden Stuff; which they do upon very
poor Ground, and pick up any dung where they can find it to improve;
Bringing the produce afterwards to town 4 Miles in Baskets on their
heads, which they Sell at good Pj=>.tes to some of the Inhabitants, who
many of them might with little pains raise those things on their ovrn
(2lh) List of the Several Plantations within the District of Sava.nn8h
26 August 1738
ho. Derby Ward Acres
2 Walter
Pox cleared great part of his 5 Acre lot but planted
h Je,s. Garwell most of his 5 Acre lot cleared and part of it
19 Mr. Thomas Christie has cultivated and planted of Some lend
not rTon out adjoyning to his Lot.8
2h -VJilliamson in hight of his Wife, Niece and Successor
to Mr. Causton, all his 5 Acre Lot cleared and planted, and
12 Acres of his 45 Acre Lot.17
25 Widdow Vanderplank all her 5 Acre Lot planted.5
26 Thomas Voting his 5 Acre Lot rented and planted by William
72 (214)
No. Acres
38 Widdow of Sam; Parker married to Sam Mercer who has
planted of the 5 AcreLot.4
39 Niddow of Dan: (C^heau married John Sellier who has
planted of the 5 AcreLot.4-^
8 Lots Acres planted 47^
Deckers Ward
50 Ai Eohert Giiilhert upon his 5 Acre Lot has planted only ... 1
51 Edward Jenkins his 5 Acre lot rented by Jno. Thomson who
56 Jas. Bradley a Minor under his Eather who lias planted his
5 AcreLot.5
57 Isaac Nunes Henriques "began upon his 45 Acre Lot whereof
he hasplanted......15
62 Benedict Ball his 5 Acre lot cleared and planted wholly,
and 10 of his 45 Acre lot.. *15
69 Ah: Molinez on his 5 Acre lot planted 4 & on his 45 Acre
lot6. 10
74 Ah: de lyon, his 5 Acre lot wholly planted and on his 45
Acre lot10..15
78 Widdow of Mich. Germain married Peter Emry and the 5 Acre
Lot is now rented hy Benjamin Adams after its being fully
planted ..__5.
8 lots Acres planted 60
Percival Ward
83 Robert Potter planted of his 5 Acre lot.4|-
84 Robert Hanks ofDo.li
85 Thomas Egerton a Minor with Thomas Young who on his 5 Acre
Lot has planted ..... 1
73 (215)
Ho. Acres
87 Jolm Destorou^ Junr. on his 5 Acre Lot has planted.2
90 Eichard Loh on Do. has planted.3
94 Ah: Minis on his 5 Acre Lot has planted.4
98 John Granham his 5 Acre Lot rented and most of it well
planted hy - Fage of Hi^gate.^
99 Samuel Mercer (vide Ho. 38).
100 '^illiam Brovmjohn (lately dead) vide Ho. 26 good part of
this 5 Acre lot planted with Variety.3
108 John Thomson (vide Ho. 51)
111 Henry Parker cleaned and planted of his 45 Acre Lot 12 and
his 5 Acre lot planted and rented hy his Brother.17
112 George Waterman on his 5 Acre Lot planted.2-|-
113 Charles Brittain on his 45 Acre Lot planted.4
114 Willm, Parker (Vide Ho. Ill) Br. to Henry _
14 Lots Acres planted 46f
Heathcote V/ard
122 Jacob Lopez de Centro on his 5 Acre Lot planted.2
132 David Snook planted his whole 5 Acre Lot.5
135 Eichard Turner planted on his 5 Acre Lot.1
136 John Fallowfield his 5 Acre Lot rented hy Wm. Francis and
planted ....... 5
137 Jos: Taylor, dead his Lot of 5 Acres Occupied and planted
hy P: Graham.5
(216) 139 James Dean Junr. on his 5 Acre Lot planted.1
142 James Balleau on Do.5
74 (216)
149 Adrian Lowyer on Do
150 Edward Bush on Do.
158 John Green on Do.
10 Dots
Lov/er Hew Ward
166 Pat Grant (Vide 208)
171 Henry Ik Lloyd on his 5 Acre Lot 2 Acres planted . .
173 John Lyndall on Do.
178 FngVi Anderson on his 45 Acre Lot 7 planted and all his
179 George
5 Acre Lot
on his 5 Acre Lot planted.
189 Pat Graham, disliking his own Lot on a Pine Barren he
Rented 25 Acre Lots of others (vide I37 and 211)
191 James Burnside his 5 Acre Lot all planted.
193 James Gallaway planted on his 5 Acre Lot.
8 Lots
I^per Hew Ward
201 James Colvin, on his 5 Acre Lot 2 planted.
203 John Burton (Vide 225)
208 Francis Percy 3 Acres of his 5 Acre lot planted hy Pat
Grant v/ho rented it (vide I66).
211 Jos; Wardrope (vide I89) his 5 Acre Lot all planted hy
Pat Graham who rented it .
75 (216)
ITo, Acres
2l4 Atigustine Spangerib-uirgh 5 Acre Lot planted. 5
216 Andrew Walker planted all his 5 Acre Lot. 5
219 Monsr. David Eeckmans 5 Acre Lot was all planted.. 5
222 Benjamin Adams (vide No. 78)
225 Martin Evertsen his 5 Acre Lot rented hy John Burton who
has planted of it (Vide No. 203).
235 James Anderson planted 2 of his Brothers Lot (No. 290) ... 2
Add Mr. Bradleys 14
(217) Add to these what Mr. Bradley has planted on a
Farm for the Trusts.l4
Derby Ward.47'1-
Deckers Ward.60
Percival Ward.46^
Heathcote Ward. 38^
Bower New Ward.25
Upper New Ward.42'|'
(218) Willm. Byrd Esq. to the E. of Igmont
Virginia 8 August 1738
It is not easy to tell your Lordship how much I am mortifyed by
76 (218)
losing the honour of being remember'd this last year. I fear I may
have been unliappy enough to offend by eaipressing my Self too freely of
yo\rr Managers in Georgia, Tet I hope I had some Justice on my Side,
which will always be well received by yo\rr Lordship, and like Chanity
end Beaxtty cover a Multitude of faults.
That Favo\rrite Colony hath been once more Sorely tbreatned by
the Spaniards this Summer; but they had too much generosity to take
advantage of the delays, which kept back your Eeinforcements so long.
Tis happy we had to do with an Enemy Slower th^ o\rr Selves, or the
Place might have been in Jeopardy. Tho as it fell out; our Men got
there time enough to make all Secure, the only danger is, tha,t those
Brave Eellows may meet with Foes more formidable than the Hectoring
Spaniard dares to be.
If there shoud be still Spirit enough left in England to make
war upon that people, it would be very easy to take that Hest of
Pyrates St. Augustine, especially after Generali Oglethorp arrives
there with his Regiment. Till that be done Your Colony can never be at
Peace with faithless a Rival just at their Door, Were St. Augustine
added to the British Empire on the Continent, it would extend near two
thousand miles along the Coast. This would Secure the Trade and Navi
gation of all this part of his Majestys Dominions, end make it no hard
matter to intercept the Gallions in their Passage thro the Gulph of
Florida. Betwixt the Bahama Islands, and the Main those tempting
Prizes commonly Sail, and wb must blunder more than usual to let them
Slip thro our Fingers.
Nor would the Windward Passage be at ell safer for them, by rea,son
77 (218)
they woud nm into the mouths of our Ships of Wax Stationed at Jamaica..
As no War can he possibly more just, after so many Insults and
Depra,dations, so many affronts offerd to the King, and so many crueltys
inflicted on his Subjects, so none would ever be carryed on with a
more hearty good Will. The truth of it is, it amazes the viaole World,
to See the bra.vest Hation in Europe, so Shamefully treated by one of
the most contemptible. Queen Elizabeth wou*d grone in her Grave, coud
she be Sensible how tame the English are grown, and Olivdr Cromwell
woTjld raise a greater Storm, than that which happend at his death.
There must certainly be some Mystery in this Pacifick Temper,
some intricate Piddle which will need an Oedipus to unfold. It can't
be to Save charges, because there is money Sufficient given every (219)
year to Chastize such an Enemy. I hope too it is not for want of
Spirit for which the honest Britons have been remarkable ever Since
the days of Cesar, ^either can it be for want of Ships, because we
have enough to blow them out of the Sea. We have all this while a
yjng upon the Throne, Jealous of his own honour, and zealous for the
Interest and Safety of his Subjects. We have a Minister as intrepid
in time of Peace, as ever Monsr. Louvois was in War. All these
particulars being duly considerd, tis astonishing, we shoud take so
many kicks and cuffs without offering to Strike again. The beet reason
I BX can find out for this unresenting Tender is, that looking upon
Spain to be intirely governed by a Queen, we are too well bred to try
oiir Strength upon a Woman.
I have heard nothing lately of ay Lady Egmonts Indisposition,
which makes me hope^ she has got the better of all her complaints. If
78 (219)
her I'a(3yship hath at last recoverd her health She hath a. Jewel prefer
able to all the Diamonds in Goolconda and Bra.sil. May this Blessing he
intailed on your Lordship and your whole family, than which nothing can
give a greater pleasure to
My Lord
Your Lordships
Most Ohedt. humble Sejrvt.
Willm. Byrd
(Seal) Will. Byrd
(226) Will. Horton Esq. to the Trustees
Savannah 28 August 1738
Eonble. Gentlemen
As I |(nov/ daily expect the Arrival of General Oglethorpe into
this Colony and then to deliver up the Change which he was pleased to
leave with me relating to the Southward part of it I think it my duty
to acquaint your Honours of the Situation I left it in 4 days past.
a The People of Frederica have and I thank God still do enjoy an
uncoimnon share of health and I have taken some pains to keep a good
harmony amongst them, and therein have succeeded to my wishes for no
set of people in their Circumstances live in a more peaceable manner
b than they have done for many months past. They have cultivated as much
land as they can take care of themselves but for want of Servants hare
not been able to clear so much as their Neighbours at Darien.
79 (226)
The Crops of Corn at both places are very had, the seed was far
from "being good, and the Season proving jee very dry, it is generally
parched up. The Gardens at Frederica are very flourishing and are great
help to ye people. Your Honours Storekeeper there has acted with great
Integrity and his Accounts whichare now going to be Settled with Mr.
Causton in order to be transmitted to Mr. "Verelst will tnske it
In June last a Spanish Launce with an Officer and 15 Men arrived
at my house at Jel^l with a Letter for me from the Governour of St.
Augustine acquainting me that a Party of Molottoes and Spania rds had
deserted with a large Canoe and desiring me to assist the Officer in
taking them desiring also the continuance of a good Correspondance.
The Officer went thence by Sea to Carolina in pursuit of the men, and
in his return attenroted to Come within land by Frederica but as they
never have seen that Fort I sent the scout Boat with orders to carry
them back and not suffer them to pass within Sight of the Town, which
was accordingly done, and the Officer brou^t again to Jekyl, when
Colonel Cochran sent the Governour advice of his arrival with the
Eegiment. (227) I am informed that advice has been sent your Honrs,
that the Spaniards had taken possession of St. Georges Island. Such a
report came to Frederica but that Island still remains neutral as
agreed upon between the General and the late Governor of St. Augustine.
Ensign Hu^ Mackay who was sent in pursuit of 3 deserters from Amelia
had some shot fired at her fa: from a Spanish Sloop in St. Juans River
after the Spaniards had Sent out a Boat with a Flag of Truce which he
would not Speak to.
80 (227)
If I can in sny Shspe be serviceable in this Colony I shall ever
think it ny duty to be so, and Shs-ll esteem it the greatest honour to
receive your Comraands, and will to the utmost of my Abilities execute
them. 1 am
Honble. Gentlemen
Your very dutiful
To the Honble. and most Obedt. Servt.
The Trustees of Georgia V* Horton
(230) Copy of letter from Ja. Lewis Camuche to the Trustees written
in French.
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CM Smalwood (Sami.) & his wife In-mates
(on pay

80^ (241)
Hawkins (!Ilho.) . . . .
eston (Willes). . . .
Cannon (Danl.)
Faulcon (Jacot)
Germain (Joice, ker )
hxLsM* Jo. dalton &c.)
Shepherd (Ja.)
Davee (Will)
Parnel (Danl.)
4 )
) who desire none
4 )
3 . . )
2 )
1 -/ ) Supposed gone
^ 3 /3 j
1 )
1 )
) actually gone,
2 )
But the 120^ abovementioned remaining the 7 Oct. 1738
require the red allowances, which is not according to
what they petitioned for, hut as Mr. Oglethorp reduced
them to hy their own consent, viz.
Xi d d
2, head 2, week.2 of meat at 2j $ 5
.... L 6 of bread kind
1 pt. of Molossus 3, 134
277-3/4 of meat at 2 .2.9.3-3/^
653i 1/3 li.3.8.1-1/2
934 pts. of molossus at
2, week, 12Q|-heads 7*0.9-3/4
Which from 7 Octhr. 1738 to 29 Septr. 1739 being 51 weeks comes to 359 1
Ehe wants of the rreeholders at Savannah, Supply*d at the Seme rate and
for the same time will come (rest of this page is torn).
81 (242)
Essences ia Georgia to Midstunmer 1739 besides pay all Outstaading
Demsads there, aad what is deficient to answer the Certified accouats
sent over.
The Trustees therefore Desire you will give Mr. Wm. Stephens and
Mr. Henry Parker such directions as You shall think necessary for
receiving the Monies that are still due in Georgia And for the sale and
Application of the Trustees Effects there, for these purposes.
You are therefore to receive such Monies as are still due in
Georgia, and to pay the same (243) as soon as reced. to Mr. Thomas Jones
who now ta,kes care of the Trustees Store, and you are to make sale of
the Trustees Effects for the Above purposes.
1 am
James Oglethorpe
To Mr. Wm. Stephens Secretary to the Trustees for the Province of
Georgia and to Mr. Henry Parker one of the Bailiffs of Savannah.
To his Excellency the Honble. Gen. Oglethorpe
Pursuant to the Orders of the honourable Trustees we shall
Proced to give notice to all that are indebted to pay in their Debts,
te ready to receive the same but we have too great reason to fear
that few can a,t present pay by reason of the loss of their Crops and
hard dutys occasioned by the apprehensions from the Spaniards, which
has reduced the People to great poverty, with respect to the manner
82 (2J4-3)
of selling tlae Effects of the Trustees, we are humhly of opinion, that
to sell them hy Auction would produce great Loss, hy selling them at
under value and there would he few Buyers, so that the amount would he
inconsiderable (244) wherefore this method we conceive would he con
trary to the Trustees orders) Viz.
That these Sums thereby due to the Trustees, together with their
Effects in Georgia is the only Pond to answer all expences in Georgia
to Midsummer 1739, besides paying all outstanding demands there and
what is deficient to answer the certifyd accts. sent over, therefore
our Opinion is that to ma.ke the most of the Effects, is to issue at
the store prices to such persons as are desirous to take them in pay
ment of their demand, and in so doing to pursue the Trustees Direction,
who first mention the answering all expenses in Georgia, and paying all
Outstanding demands their.
Honourable Sir
17: Oct: 1738.
Your most Obedient humble Servant
Willm. Stephens Scerty.
Henry Parker
(254) Sent by Col. Oglethorpe I9 Oct* 1738
An Inventory of Goods in the Trustees
Magazine at Savannah this 29th S^tr. 1738.
In the Store House
6 .c. . . 2 Hour Glasses
8 .... 1 Hour Ditto
83 (25^)
1 Pewther pott & Ciialice )
) for the Church
with pattin.)
148 pair VTos. Worsted Stockings
4 pr. painted Calico
19-3/4 Yards Garlix
10-3/4 Yds. Ditto being 10 Eemts.
1 Yard Check
21 Yds. pomeran linnen in 2 Eemts.
1 ps. German Linnen qt. 4-3/^ Yds.
1 ps. Broad Do. qt. 20^ Yds.
15 Yds. Blew Stuff
6 Yds. Eed Do.
10 Yds. Green Serge Dammaged
Yds. White hunting in 4 Eemts.
3 Yds. Green & White Do.
25| Yds. Brown Stuff
4 pr. Callimanco Girls Shoes
1 pr. Ticken Do.
14J # Collour*d Thread
1 Ih. 8 oz. Ozenhrigg Do.
3 Yards Ozenhrigg Course
23 Yards Scoths white plaiding
29 Yds. Course Ozenhrigg (255)
1 pot Salt Petre qt. 20 1.
12 Bottles Apothicary Druggs
4 Gray Potts
1 Empty Chrystall Bottle
84 (255)
20 It. Honey in a Jngg
1 Bok Eaterdashery Ware qr. Vizt.
68 Papers pinns
24| ps. Tape of Simdry Sizes
32-J Yds. white ferrett
46J Yds. Ditto in two ps.
27^ Yds. Yallow Do.
18| Yds. Citron Do.
18-3/4 Yds. Green Do.
10 Yds. Green Do.
6 Yds. Do. in two Peaces
l4 Yds. Crimson Do.
10 Yds. Eed Do.
23 Yds. tlew Eitton in 2 ps.
12% Yds. Gran Do.
2 Drams tla; So\'d.ng Silk
12 Scene Mohair & 4| Doz. hair tntts.
1 pr. Ozentrigg treeches
8 Papers Heedles
1 pr. Ozentrigg Trowzegs
1 Garlix Shirts
1 Linsey Waistcoat
1 pr. Do. Breeches
1 Box// Cutt Totaco. qt. 28 )
1 Box Do. in 1^ papers 12 ) 88
in % papers 48 )
85 (256)
1 Box qt. 7 Gross long Pipes
1 Box with 6 Dozn. Short Do.
15 Pcs. Linsey . . . qt. 503 Yds. )
) 5551 Yds.
5 Eemts. Do. . qt. . . . 52^ )
1 ps. Scotts plaid qt. 63J Yd. )
) 298 Yds.
15 Eemts. Do. qt. . . . 234-3/4 )
4 long pieces for fowling
22 Musketts
18 Trading Guns
14 Do. with Cases
1 pr. Sadie Pistolls
1 pr. Pockett Do.
1 Gun Barrel! & 4 Eamrods
34 Ih. Cotton Seed Old
45 Ih. Turnipe Seed Old
20 Ih. of Sundry Garden Seeds
65 Ih. hlack Pepper
4l Ih. Allspice
155 Ih. Ginger
1 Box qt. Sundry medicines Vizt. )
1 pr. Surgeons Scales & wei^ts perfect )
2 pr. . . Do. with weights inroerfect ) all in the
1 Case Surgeons Instruments ) above Box
, )
1 Case with a lancett )
3 Spatulas )
1 Box qt. 3-|' Ih. Epson Salt
86 (256)
1 Box qt. 3 lb. Cortei perue )
& a parcell herbs )
(257) 1 Box qt, 23i Ih. solium Gene
^ ^ Ih. fine Tow
58 Window Glass 9 Inches by 6 )
) in a Box
8||^ lb. Window Lead )
1 Hest Crusibels
1 Stritching last
1 Remt, Course Cloath qt. lOj Yds.
3 Half sides upper Leather
10 oz. fine Shoe Thread
1-| lb. Cop eras
6 oz. Shop thread
19 Besver hatts
1 Old Sute Silk gurifarw. Colours belongs to Augusta
47 Rubber Stons wt. 215 lb.
348 Ragg Stons wt. 419 lb. )
36 ps. . . . Bo. )
4 Scyth Stons. wt. 4-3/4. lb.
19 Matocks )
1 pike Axe ) wt. 176|' lb.
4 Grubing hoes )
36 Battle Axes wt. 86 lb.
6 Hasps & 9 Staples wt. 1
3 flat Bolts
90 lb. Bulletts
8i lb. Swan Shott
5 Quires Cartridge Passer
87 (257)
2 Hhmting horns
4l Square Staples wt. 10-3/4 It.
1 Dozn. Box Staples
(258) 3-1.2 Inch Spring Stock locks No. 1
1.12 Inch Do.A.S.
6 outside X Wd. Chest locks
6 Varnishd Inside Do,
6.6 Inch Rimb Drawbacks
6.5|- Inch Do,
1 Dozn, outside Box locks
5 X Wd. Do. Inside
6 X Wd. Do. . . . Do.
1 Dozn, X Wd. Bitted Box locks
1 Dozn. Varnishd Inside Do.
6 bri^t Inside ... Do.
5 X L 6 eyed Inside Chest bocks
4 Setts Buroc locks No/. 3
3 Setts Do.No. 2
4 Setts Do.No. 1
12 Dozn. Brass Rings
6 Dozn. Ovall Scutcheons
1 Dozn. Covered . . Ditto
2 oz. Brass pins for Ditto
2.33 Inch round head Screws
24.2i Do.
36.2 . . Do.
48.1-|- Inch Screws
88 (258)
72.1 ... Do.
8 Dozn. 3/^ ^0*
2 Dozn. 3 Inch flatt headed SIbxbx Screws
2 Dozn. 2^ Indi flatt headed Screws
4 Dozn. 1-^ Do.
5 Dozn. & 9 Inch Do.
8 Dozn. 3/4 Inch Do.
6 Dozn. brass Clodc pins & Screws Ho. 1
Dozn. best Do. . ...No. 2
10 Bridle locks for Guns
21 pr. tinned Coffin handles
10,000: 3^ Balls
8,000: 2^ Do.
4,000: Do,
2,000 brass Do,
5,000 Do. larger
5,000: 6^ Nails
6,000; 4^ Do.
6,000; 4^ Batts
10,000; 3^ Batts
4 000; 2^ Do.
500 4^ rotind headed Nalls
22 taper wimble bitts
2 Dozn. lamp wire pinchers
10 Do. pokers
5 Varnished outside box Cocks
2 Do. without Keys
89 (259)
2 Do. little "box locks without Keys
12 Inside "box locks
32 Wooden hallow Trenchers
7f- Dozn. flat Do.
1 Dozn. round hsllow Do.
(260) 1 Wooden hoi^le
3 Dozn. Wooden Spoons
69J pair Single Box hinges
6 pair Do. witht. hooks
28 Stocks locks
4 Do. without keys & 3 Do. "being Rotten
4 pair Shoemakers pinchers
484; Ih. 20%ails 18 Ih. to the 1000^
687; Ih. 10^ Do.12 Ih. to Do.
189: Ih. 8^ Do.8 Ih. 4 oz. to Do.
39 Ih. Short Bradds 2 Ih. 9 oz. to Do.
262 Ih. 2^ Rails 1 Ih. 12 oz. to Do.
8 Ih. 2^ Do. 1 Ih. 12 oz. to Do.
9,000 Do.
161 falling Axes not fitt for use
6 old hoes
5 falling Axes halved, 3 ^0.
1 old Shovell
3 Iron Ston pikers
1 old taphoarer
1 larg froe
6 lajrge: 3 prongd forke
90 (260)
23 handsaw files
99 X Cutt Saw files
2 flatt files
10 Whip Saw Do.
27 firmers
5 Narrow Chizlis
(261) 4 Goudges
27 hroad Chizles
1 large Auger
6:J- Inch Do.
1 Broad Chizle
2 Narrow Do. not fitt for use
13 Iron tools for Turners
1 large Goudge
3 Grubing hoes 1 of them halved
15 Small frees
1 Butchers Axe
17 Clevers with handles
4 Do. . . . without handles
5 large Clevers
2 Small Do.
15 long, SlaTjightering knives
6 Butcher knives
1 old Small Do.
7 hand Saw Setts
21 Iron Crow wt. IO8 Ih. for a Cart
3 new broad hoes
91 (261)
1 old Harrow Do,
6 hand Saws
2 Do, handles
2 large Drawing knives
1 Smaller Do,
1 key hole Saw
(262) 61 Trowles
50 Sickles
1 Han^jer q,t. 22 bottles white Wine french
1 EB5)ty Hamper
590 flints
5 Ih, 4 oz, 4^ Nails. . 4 Ih, to the 1,000
92 Ih, Brovvn Sugar
31 Groce & 4 Dozn. Corks
396 Ih. Coffee
1^ Bushell Dryed Apples
1 old broken Goudge
1095 lb- Smoakt beef
13 Dammaged Ham
67 Dryed tongues
18 hoggs . . . Do.
1 large Case Shoes Markt G C
1 Hhhd. Do. .... markt Do.
102 Wall hooks . . wt. 152 lb.
4 pr. Girls Shoes
1 pr. boys Do.
7 Drills for brass or Iron
92 (262)
7 Sledge Hstmmers wt. 101^ It.
40 pair fine pxm^s
6 long Swords trass tilted
33 tress handled Cuttlasses without Scaterds
6 Do. with Scaterds
11 Bed leathered handled Do.
(263) 27 horn handled Cuttless
5 Do. witht. Scaterds
1 troad Chizle
278 S3QC Hay forks
38 It. Deers Suet
1 It. Bees Wax
3 Iron hooks & Eiimtles wt. 15-3/^
6 pair Rings for Cart Wheels wt. I8 It.
15 pair teatle Rings wt. 69 It.
92 Cart Clouts . . . wt. 56 It.
2 pair large Door hinges & 8 hooks wt. 42 Ih.
4 Eye tolts.wt. 10 It.
3 Plum Leads
10 Chest Clar^js wt. 3
1 fire mens Axe
a parcell Old Staples wt. 11-3/4 It,
2 Small Gudgeons wt. 3/^
2 Joint paxin Stock
1 Jointer plain fitted
2 Iron Bolsters
4 Bung Borers
93 (263)
2 Tap borers
3 Wimble Stocks
1 Glossing ifi hoop with Screws Compleat
7 Wooden Compasses
2 Iron Do.
2 pair Coopers Doggs
8 Spoke Shairs
(264) 10 heading knives
13 Drawing knives
4 Crows & Stocks
11 Wimble bills
4 Broad Coopers Axes
2 beak Irons
3 Bound Sheaves
6 Jointer plains
5 Chizles
6 punchers
1 Coopers hajnmer
6 Coopers howells 2 of them handled
1 pr. Small hand Screws
1 Easp
3 Coopers Trevats
2 Ship Carpenters hovrells handled
1 Mardling Snike
1 Mortice Chizle
1 Tennant Saw
1 fore plain Stock
94 (264)
1 Wooden Sqmre
2 Crooked Mortice Chizles
8 Iron tiend Spikes wt. 224 ITd.
1 large Beam wt. 8-2/4 IB.
4 keys for a. Corn Mill wt. 2-|: IB.
26 IB. Old Iron
3 Grindston Handles wt. 20^ Ife.
(265) 7 Cart Douctches wt. 1 IB.
16 Old Broken hoes wt. 40 IB.
5 Old Spades & some old Iron wt. 26 IB.
1 Turners lave
226 IB. Tenter hooks
96 IB. 24^ Hails
a parcell of plotigh Geer wt. 222 IB.
1 TimBer Chain wt. 19 IB.
25 Ho. . . . hooks . . wt. 193
17 Cant hooks ... wt. 278
4 Do.. . wt. 74 IB.
5 Munion plates wt. I5J IB.
1 Crane hook . . . wt. 7s 14.
3 Belly Bands for felons wt. 6 IB.
18 IB. long Bradds
16 IB. Curtain Eod hooks
583 IB. Small Spikes
38 IB. large Do.
58 IB. large Do.
1 peuther ChamBer pott )
) old
1 peuther Gloss Stool )
pan )
95 (265)
3^ It. Coopers SJinslioop Neils
3j lb. old Dogg Nails
1 pair pinchers
5 Coopers Trushoops Iron wt. 1? It.
23 old Iron hoops wt. 25 It.
96 It. Old Iron
1 Corking Iron wt. jfh Vo.
1 Iron Chizle
1 Iron Sticking Candlestick
7 Holdfasts wt. 1^ It.
18 It, old Nails
305 It. 4*^ Nails Dammaged
229 It. Do.
1 Bale Cloath Markt G C
197i Ticklens.
l4^ Yds. tlue Strouds
1 Eemt. Blue plains qt. 2 Yds.
h Eemts. white plains qt. 15- Yds. part damd,
^ Yd, Stript Do.
gold Soldiers Coats
1 Do. laced
10 Ozent. frocks with red Sleeves
10 long tlue Capes
3 tlue Coats Mens
2 pr. Ozentrigg breeches
1 Sue brown holland
1 linnen frock
96 (266)
2 o. Stxiff Gowns
1 pr. Short Trowzers hlue plan
14 Yds. Dark Drviggett
2i Yds. linning for Do.
(267) 1 Ship old Ensign
1 Union of a Penant
1 pr. Drum Sticks
11 X Cutt Se-wfiles in 2 papers
1 Broken X Cutt Saw 4 foot long
3 Whip Saws 6-^ foot long
8 Do. Tillers
2 Do. Boxes
2 Do. Setts
2 pr. X Cutt Saws handles
4 pr. Smiths Tongs
1 Do. Shovelle
1 Do. poker
1 pr. Brassiers Sheers
1 Small Beak Iron
2 pr. Feriers Pinchers
1 Do. Barniskle
2 Do. Buttriks
2 Nail Patterns
2 Joiners Rivatting hammers
2 Iron Drills
1 Drill Stock
1 Coopers Stake
97 (267)
1 Smiths ClsBTp
2 Smiths Chizles
(268) 1 Smiths Nailing hammer
1 Do. heading Do.
2 Carpenters drawhore pine
1 Eowell Needle
2 Vfiieele harrow boxes
9 linch pins wt. 8 Ih.
1 Bolt wt. 2 Ih.
1 Claw hammer
5 Small Skins for plaisters
45 Bottles Sweet Oyle
880 hog Eings
2 pitchers q.t. ^ 6 Q,ts. londn. Treacle
3 Empty Earthen pitchers
33 Iron Sinkers for a Nett wt. Il6 Ih.
5 lead Do. for Do. wt. 2 Ih.
6 Plijmers Scrapers
2 Iron Ladles wt. 2^ Ih.
1 pnmp hox
13 Bullett Moiilds
11 pair Childrens Shoes
1 Small Axe
1 Handle to a Corn Mill
3 old Gnn locks & 1 old Cock
18 Ih. Eempseed in a hag
2 Small Empty Boxes
98 (268)
2 Entity Son Jarrs & 1 little tottle
1 Hogg Seraper
(269) 133 111. Totacco
122 11. Butter
4 Iron Crows wt, 115
14 Iron Hurters wt. I6 11.
1 Iron Scraper
1 Pike Axe wt. 12 11.
1 ^indle frogg & Socket! wt. 8|- 11.
6 Iron Streaks 77 H*
7 pair large Hinges
1 old frying pan wt, 4|-
1 Beak Iron
(270) Sundrys in use at the Magazine
1 pair little Irass Scales
1: 4 oz. 2 2 oz./l oz. Weights
2 Yard Measures
1 pair Scales & Beam
1 Gauging Rod
1 Earthen Steam
6 little wooden Dishes
2 Hickrey Irooms
1 Old Lanthorn
5 Iron Candlesticks
99 (270)
2 Small hand brushes
1 Hand Saw
1 Old hoe with handle
1 Claw hammer
1 old ha.tchett
1 falling axe
1 pr. Scales & Beam
256 Ih.
1 28 Ih.
114 14.
17 lb.
14 lb.
1 " 2 lb. >
1 1 lb. )
1 ^ lb. ) Standart Weights
1 i It. )
1 - 2 02. )
1 pr. Gales & Beam at the Ma,ga2ine Door
2 14 lb. 2 lb. 1 )
2 7 lb. 1:8 02. ) for the above Scales
1 4 1 : 4 02. )
1 Bushell
2 peck
1^ peck
1 half Bushell )
2 half peck ) MeasTxres
In the Store Ganrett
96 Dr. Cask milk Biskett
129 ^ron Candlesticks
12 painting Brushes
ll4 Clews pac^ threal
100 (271)
9 It. Tow
1 pr. Smiths Bellov;e
10 IDeers Skins Dammaged
l6^ Doz. Peuther Spoons
l6 Hickrey Brooms
1 Smith Anville
131 Small Blahketts
44 pott Racks
11: 9 Rits Gridions
54: 8 Rih: Do.
28: 7 Rit Do.
a parcell Cardus
a parcell old Gun Cases
a parcell old Broke Arms
a parcell old Cartouch "boxes
4^ l"b. Juniper Berrys
150 Cannon Brushes
48 hand Brushes
(272) 312 Iron hoops wt. 923 It.
26 pair Small Sizars
9 Knives with Sheaths
a parcell old Sheaths
2 Dozn. Mens Thimtles
7 Dozn. Woms. Do.
132 It. Saine Twin
46 Dozn. Scythe
101 (272)
21 pcs. Stript Duffle Blanketts qt. 315 )
2 pcs. Do. in Single Blanketts 30 )
10 ps. VQxite Duffles
5 Mgiietts
1 Bundle Bedding
74 IB. Beads
23 Belts
1 Gun Drill
a parcell tool handles
a parcell old Cork
a parcell Joisters old tools
4 Wimible Stocks
10 Old hatts
13 Enotts Marline
11 Enotts frsh. lines
a -nnax parell old Broken pistolls
a parell old powder horns
2 Bushell Oatmeal
24 IB. Currents Dammaged
44 IB. Sp\xQ Cotten
(273) 450 IB. Sole leather
117 IB. Match
12^ IB. Cinnamon
IB. Huttmegs
Sundrys in a Barrell Tizt.
59 pair Small Buckles
656 pr. Small Sizars
102 (273)
6 Dozn. large Do.
22 Dozn, Buck horn handled Clasp kaives
4^ Dozn. Eogo-urs
3 pr. fine Sizars
6 Dozn, & 9 Bla. handled Clasp knives
28 Dozn. & 4 Small Do.
100 pair ear hohhs
13 Necklaces
8^ Bush. Oates
5| Bush. Barley
1^ Bus; Wheat
1 Bagg Cotten wt. 115 14.
1 pr. Cotton Cards
(274) In the Store as follows izt.
In Store No. 1
981 Ih. Cheese
300 lb. Ditto Dammaged
2 Hhhds. & 2 Blls. Yinegar Qt. 257 Gallons
1 Peuther Gallon pott for use
In Store No. 2
103 (275)
338 Blls. Blower wt.
In Sto^e No. 3
In Store No. 4
53 Pearses Brown Biskett wt.
6 Blls. Ditto wt.
9 Blls. midds. Do. wt.
7 Blls. white Do. wt.
18 Iron Potts ^ wt. 6l4 lb,
1 Cask 12^ Nails wt. 286 lb.
1 Do. 2^ Ditto
1 Do. 20^ Do.
1 Do. 12- Do.
1 Do. 20^ Do.
1 Do. 12^ Do.
1 Do. 30^ Do.
1 Do. 10^ Do.
1 Do. 30*^ Do.
1 Cagg 2k^ Do.
wt. 310 ll**
wt. 270 lb.
wt. 278 lb.
wt. 296 lb.
wt. 277 Il3*
wt. 316 lb.
wt. 285 lb.
wt. 318 lb.
wt. 57 lb.
1 Bagg q.t^ 6000: 20 Do.
1 Cask 20^ Nails wt. 159 ll3.
1 Do. 12^ Do.
2 Do. 10^ Do.
1 Do. 20^ Do.
27 Iron Joints
2 Chizles
1 Scuap
3 Iron Winches
wt. 110 lb.
wt. 464 lb.
wt. 291 lb.
1 Screw plate with 2 Screws )
all for an
Barth Auger
104 (276)
3 Hhhds. qt. Utensells for the Saw Mill wth. Saws & two Iron Barrs )
The Windless of Do. Mill lying at the Crane and the Remainder in )
the old Court house )
11 Bolt Shott
13 Granad-oes
153; ^ 14. Balls for Cannon
457: 1 14. Do.
1737: ^ 14. Do.
292; 2 lb. Do.
In Store Ro. 5
2 Hhhds. Tobacco wt. 651 lb. lit.
38 Tearses Do. wt.6943 lb. Nt.
35 Blls. Do. wt.3102 lb. Ht.
1 Cask Cutt Tobacco wt. 57 14. Nt.
261 lb. Old Rope
a Ships Main Sail Cost 18 ster.
1126 lb. Tarr'd Rope
61 lb. old Do. for Slings
12 lb. Spun Yarn
3 Scale Slings with 2 Iron hooks
253 lb. White Rope
2^ Pr. Chain braces with leather work
1 Pr. wooden Arms
2 pair Ditto with Iron Work
7 tail Bands
1 lea.ther horse Belt
105 (276)
7 Cart horse Bridies
(277) 7 Wooden Spreader with Iron work
3 Chains for a plo-ugh
1 Double 9 Inch Block with an Iron hook
6:8 Inch Do.
1 Iron hook & thimble for a block
1 Iron Bing wt. hj lb.
2:7 Inch Blocks
1;12 Inch Do. Strapt with Iron
3:5 Inch Do.
1;4J Inch Do. Strapt with Iron
1 Lignum whites Sheav Inch over
2:1'4 Inch 3 Sheav blocks Strapt
1:15 Inch 2 Do. Do.
1:14 Inch 2 Do. Bo.
1: Do. 3 Bo* Bo.
1: Do. Do. Do.
1: Do. 2 Do. Do.
1 Lignum Whites Shear 6 Inch Over
1 Do. 10 Inch
4 fishing Sea Netts
1:8 Inch block with an Iron hook
In Store Ho. 6
Spanish Wine.
1 Do.
1 Cask qt. 30 (rslls. )
43 ) 1241 Galls.
) Spanish Wine
1 Do. 5 )
106 (278)
Trench Vl'ite Wine
1 half hhd. qt. 21^ Galls. )
1 Do.
1 Do.
1 Do.
Maderca Wine
1 Pipe
1 Do.
1 Do.
1 Do.
1 Do.
1 Do.
1 Do.
107|- Galls.
qt. 131 Galls. )
qt. 123
qt. 1274
7794 Galls.
6 Blls, IT; Y Beer Qt. 143 Galls
1 Bll. Philaa. Do. qt. 21
1 Do. Do.
20 Bottles Sed V/ine
2 Brass Cocks )
2 Peuther Gallon Potts )
1 half Gallon Do.
1 Do. Broke
2 Quart Gallon Potts
2 Pine Ditto
1 half Pint Do.
1 Quartern Do.
1 half Quartern Do.
1 Pale Punnell
33| Galls.
) All in Use
) All in Use
107 (279)
1 Peuther Do. )
2 Center Bitts & tepiTsorer )
1 Painting Pott with white lead & Markd. "brush )
2 Qts. honey
7 Galls. Treacle
In Store Ho. 7
1 Drawing Knife
1 Coopers "broad Axe
6 Wooden Sxsxkoqppx Trushoops
a Paxcell Clmlk
1 pr. hand Screws
1 Do. with 2 handles
2 Coopers Adzes
In Store Ho. 8
7 Hhhds. Molasses qt. 728 Galls.
1 Wooden Gallen Measure
1 Peuther Quart Pott
1 Large tinn Punnell
In Store Ho. 9
167 Blls. Irush ^ "bafe
8 half Blls. Caser "beef
2 Blls. Pork
226 To. Fish
1 Hhhds. qt. 6 Sprinning VJheeles
2 Hhhds. & 1 Sai Blls. qt. 22 Bus; "buck ii/heat
108 (280)
2 Blls. Malt q.t. 7 Bus: 3| pecks
4 Blls. Wheat qt. 15 Bus: ^ Beck
2^ Bushells Dai sged Wheat
a Crab with the Utensles for raising huildgs.
5 Blls. Bish
Mast & tackle for a pettyaxiger
40 Oars of Different Lengths
2 Old Rudders
2 Masts
1 Rudder tiller Mast & Sail for Express Boat
In Store Ko. 10
194|- Bushells V/hite pease
200 Busls. Corn
In Ho. 11
110 Bushells Corn
In Ho. 12
In Ho. 15-
358 Ih. Rice
130 Ih. Danmaged Do.
12 Blls. Dammaged Indn. Meal wt. 1821 Ih. Ht.
In Store Ho. I6.
53 Firkins Butter wt. 3^00 Ih. Ht.
1 Blls. Tallow wt. 266 Ih. Groi 235 Ih. Ht.
26 Firkins Do. wt. 1488 Ihs. Ht.
109 (281)
3 Firkins Hoggs Lard wt. 126 lb. Ht.
7 Caggs Sallmon
478 lbs. Cendles in Saat Boxes
37 lb. Sheeps wool
1 Boats old Arning
1 lErowell
8 Cart Boxes wt. 98 lb.
^ lb. Chain for a Cart
588 lb. Do.
14 lb, Dammaged Candles
15 Iron Skilletts wt, 67 lb.
6 Broken Do. wt. 22 lb.
218 lb. Wrought Iron being I6 ps.
83 lb. Dammaged Butter in 2 firkins
(282) In the Store Yard
2 Grind Stons 3 foot 7 Inch Over
2 ps. Broken Grind Ston
6 Steel Barrs wt. 109-*3/^ 14*
646 Plain tyles some broke
2894 hearth lories some broke
1 Grind Ston 1 foot 6 Inch Over wth. Axeltree
1 Do. 1 foot 7 Inch wth.
1 old broken Gun Carriage
3 Broken Iron potts
no (282)
1 Engine with. SmcLry Iron Work
1 Broaken. Plough
2 Wooden Axletrees
2 Cart Shafts with 2 Back Bands
1 pr. Cart Wheeles
28o IB. Old Iron hoop
^ Blls. ^arr
1 Blls. Pitch
25^ IB. Shirpentine
166 feather edge Boas. qt. 2150 foot
85:1^ Inch plank qt, 1180 foot
6 Galls. Linseed Qyle in a SEjdcc Jarr
373 Galls. Lanra Oyle in a Sxx Jarr
1 En^jty Oyle Jarr
a parcell of Staves
1 Windless for a Well
1 Roll for the Crane wth, 2 Gudgeons
(283) ^ Shovells & 3 old Spades )
2 pullys & 3 Wheels Barrows ) all in use
1 large 4 Wheels Truck )
1 Ships furaace & Copper
1 Ginn for Raising timber
6100 Shingles
In the Trustees house under Mr. Bradleys Care
6 Pipes Spanish Wine qt. 73^2 Gallons
A great Quantity of Corn in 4 Houses we Cannot gett measured
Bushells Salt
Ill (286)
Sent "by Col. Oglethorpe 19 Oct. 173^
Accotmt of Live Stock Belonging to the
Honoxirahle the Trustees in the Northern Divession'
Hogs &
Horses Steers Fowles Pigs Sheep Ducks Greese
Old Stock 50
From Clay 50
Bellinger 5^
Clay 45
at ye Cowpasture 100 50 66 15 5
at ye Cowpen & Mill 6
6 190 100 50 66 15 5
Killd & Eeturnd to Clay ) & sent to )
about ) St. )
Remains about 6 150 100 50 66 15 5
Besides Stmdry horses bought of Capt. Patrick McKay in
the Custody of Mr. Bradly.
Stindry Do. bought of Do.in ye Custody of
Anth; Willy
Sundry Do. bought by Mr. Roger Lacy Remaining to
150 Steers . . .
100 Fowles . . .
50 Hogs Ss pigs
66 Sheep. . . .
15 Ducks. . . .
5 Greese. . . .
L s L s d
at 2:15 p head . . 412:10:0
at . .1-5:0:0
at . .8-20:0:0
at . 16-52:16:0
at . .1-- 0:15:0
at .2:6-0;13:6
i 491:13:6
112 (286)
HB iirty Pounds worth of ye Hogs Sheep and Powles were tought for
G-enl. Oglethorp*s own Use & pd. for ty him p Bill of Exchge. in
England which Mr. Verelst knows.
(290) Sent 'oy Col. Oglethorpe 19 Oct. 1738
Account of the Servants trot, ty Capt. Hewit
disposd & others in the Hontle. Trustees Employ at
and to whom
Under the Care of Mr, Bradley
HB Cap. Hewet
saild from
England 8 Oct.
1737 and arrivd
in Georgea 21
Dec. 1737
30 Paul Havener
26 Plata Clara Wife
3j Maria Dorothea Daughter
2 Johan Yorick Son
34 Conrade Densler
35 Hanah Do, Wife
11 Anna Daur.
9 Henry Son
7 Eegula Dau.
3 Casper Son
1 Hans Jacot Son
/ 30 Hans Jaxot Ehode
hZ Susan Ehode Wife
Tears Brought forward
29 Jerick Adam Ordner )
28 Marie Christian Wife )
3^ Maria Eliz: Dau. Dead ) /
1 Johan Hier Erederich Son )
55 Phillip Uoogazer )
it3 Annapell Wife )
26 Johan Jacob Son )
21 Johan Henri ch Son )
17 Annalis Dau, )
14 Anna Catherine Dau. )
5 Johan Phillip Son )
3 Johan Martin Son )
24 Jacob Curts
Carried fonward Carried over
113 (290)
30 Johani Bellie
23 Anna Bellie Wife
/ 3/^ Anna Barbara Dan. (dead )
38 Conrade Bierier
26 Christian
2 Hans Yierick
Wife )
45 Daniel Deigler
48 Maria Deigler Wife
13 Catherine Dau.
11 Marie Dau.
Son )
dayslO Yierick Levalt Son )
22 Maria Morgan )
) Single Women
16 Maria Luvis Hanoun )
/ 55 Hieroni Mtistoud dead
/ 50 Susannah Margaret Wife dead
22 Johannes Stout Son
19 Maria Margaret Dau.
40 Hier Young )
34 Maria Barbell Wife )
13 Jerick Peter Son )
9 Magdalena
8 Marigret
Dau. )
Dau. )
At ye Garden & Craine
45 Michael Hart )
54 Susannah Wife )
45 Apellonia
45 Christian Steinhevell )
Wife )
18 Johan Henrick Son )
12 Anna Marabell Dau. )
7 Anna, Dorothy Dau. )
3^ Anna Eliz.
Dau. )
50 Henry Fritz
48 Maria Margaret Wife
) At ye Mill at Ebenezer
18 Susanh. Catlierna. Dau. Trans-)
ferd to Mr, Williamson
) 28 Jacob Dice
15 Johan Hieri Son
13 Johan Michael Son
6 Annapell Dau.
3^ John Ut Son
) 26 Maria Margareta
) 53 Hans Adam Dowle
) 50 Anna Wife
Wife )
Dead ) /
) 26 Anna Margaret Dau. )
) )
24 Maria Catherine Dau. )
Carried forward Carried over
114 (291)
45 Johan Hierick Kuler )
38 Anna Eliz. Wife )
16 Maricket Dau. )
l4 Maria Barbara Dau. )
12 Anna Eiz. Dau. )
9 Maria Sophia Dau. )
Gatherina )
3-h Maria Dorithea Dau. )
ij Hier Jacob Son )
30 Caul Reiter )
29 Maria Eliz: Wife )
5 Johan Phillip Son )
3i/ltei Bu. )
3^ Johan Michael Son )
22 Paulzer Son )
20 Peter Son )
3^ Teevoult Son )
44 Martin Zaismire )
35 Catherine Wife )
3/4 Clement Son )
44 Johan Svrartsvreider )
42 Anna Marie Wife )
11 Margareta Dau. )
5 Maxiaket Dau. )
2 Hans Michael Son )
At the Cow Pasture
34 Johannez Beryer )
28 Maria Magdalena Wife )
12 Eiero Son Son )
10 Johan Devolt Son Son)
7 Margaret Dau.)
4 Johan Peter Son )
2 Anna Christiana Dau.)
45 Theobald Keifer )
45 Maria Gatherian Wife )
20 Margareta Dau. )
18 Hierick Tavitt Son )
13 Mariapell Dau. )
7 Hier Erederick Son )
5 Catherine Liss. Dau. )
3 Hier Henry Son )
Carried forward Carried over
115 (291)
50 Jacot Plessie )
51 Anna Catherina Wife )
21 Maria Eliz. Dau- )
10 Anna Urdrick Dau. )
35 Leopold Clause )
33 Anna Catherine Wife )
3^ Johan Michael Simon Son )
John Pye )
) Clerks
Wm. Eussell )
At t^ir own Request Transferd to Simdry Persons Viz,
58 Lawrence Ehodener )
57 Barhara Wife )
21 Hicholas Son )
16 Maria Barbara Dau. )
13 Woolrea Son )
Gasper Sneyden )
To Capt. Jajnes Gascoyge
To William Ewen
Catherine Wife
116 (292)
28 Jolaani Pellihew )
26 Eliz. Barbara Wife )
18 Hans Adam Wives Son )
16 Anna Dorathea Dau. )
14 Matties Son )
5 Susannah. Dau. )
jh Conra Son )
40 Peter CJrost )
40 Maria Ut Crost Wife)
13 Catherine Dau. )
8 Johannes Seldon Son )
33 Hans Jerick Tresler )
27 Catherine Wife )
30 Peter Marauld )
24 Mary Barbell Wife )
6 Jacob Son )
2 Susannah Dau. )
28 Barinbhurf Brinkxman )
22 Eebecca Wife )
30 Jacob Herba )
25 J-feria Eva V/ife )
G?o Henry Parker
To Doctor Graham
To Abram DeLeon
To Patrick Houston
To Hunez Heneriquez
SCbram DeLeon
117 (292)
22 Eliz. EimsmTirsha Single Woman To Doer. Nunez
27 Valentyne Blume To Henry Parker
21 Johan Jacob Vonomaker To Mr. Williamson
22 Maria Barhare Vipren Single Vfomn. )
) to Wm. Even
26 Johan Christopher Shefer Single Do.)
Margt. Eitz & Son Nurse to the Trustees Servts.
Henry l^ens )
Joseph Taylor) & Wife
John M\inro ) EmDloy*CL at the Store &c.
George G\m )
Anthony Sallice Wife & 2 Children )
) @ ye Garden
John Gionovoly & Wife )
John KeropafeE wife & 1 Child to he Surrendd. to the Honhle.
Trustees hy Mr. Henry Parker
Barbara Ward with Mr. Upton to be Surrendd.
118 (29^)
Men Womn.
1 1
2 2
1 ''
' 1
2 3
1 1
1 3
1 1
5 3
1 1
1 1
1 1
" 1
15 21
Sent "by Col. Oglethorpe 19 Oct. I738
Acconqjt of Provisions for One Month to the Honhle. Trustees
Servants as follows
Heads With Mr. William Bradley Beef
2 Paul Havener ^
4 Conrade Densler 80
1 Johannes Mustoud 20
1 Maria Margaret Do. 20
5 Hier Young 100
2 Adam Ordner 40
4 Daniel Deigler 80
2 Jacob Hongazer 40
6 Phillip Hongazer 120
2 Jacob Curls 40
2 Johaimes Beltee 40
1 Ehodes Wife married to
Jacob Plesse 20
2 Conrsde Fierer 4o
1 Margt. Megan 20
1 Maria Luvis Hanovren 20
36 720
Corn Buttr.
3/4 4
li 8
3/8 2
3/8 2
14 10
3/4 4
14 8
3/4 4
1-3/^ 12
3/4 4
3/4 4
3/8 2
3/4 4
3/^ 2
3/4 2
12| 72
To Children tinder ^ yr.
of Age

119 (29^)
Men Wonin. Heeds At the Crane &c. Beef Flow. Corn Euttr. To Children under 4 yr, of Age
17 20
John Herick Keeler's
Wifex & Faniily
Michaell Harts Wife
Caul Eheter
Christian Steinhauer
Jacob Plessy
Johannes Beryer
Leopold Clause
David Kaifer
Theobald Keefer
Henry Frih
At the Saw Mill at
Jacob Dice
Hans Adam Dowle
Martin Casmire
John Swartswelden
1-3/8 10
3/8 2
3/4 6
1| 10
3/4 4
1-3/4 12
3/4 4
3/4 4
1-3/4 12
1-3/4 10
740 518 11-3/8 74
3/4 4
1% 10
3/4 4
3/4 6
Carried Over 24o i68 3-3/4 24 48 8
120 (295)
Men Womn. Heads Beef Tlowr. Corn Bnttr. To Children -under 4 Yr. of Age
5 7 12
1 1
1 1
12 3
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
7 7 14
15 21 36
17 20 37
5 7 12
Brought Over 240 168 3-3/4 24
Margt. Pitzler H-urse to
ye Trustees Servts. &
her Son 30 32
Henry Myers Eii5)loyd at ye
Store &c. 24 24
Anthony Lattice ) at ye 72 72
) Gardens
John Gionovoli ) 48 48
Joseph Taylor ) Surrendred.48 48
) hy Mr. John
John Mtmro ) Brody to 24 24
) the Honhle.
Geo. Gun ) Trustees 24 24
John Kemp ) with Mr. Parker 24 24
) who desires to
His Vfife ) Surrender Them 24 24
Child ) 12
li* 2
Barbara Ward wth. Mr.
TJpton to he Surrend. 24 24
( Bradleys
( ye Craine &c.
( @ ye Saw Mill
354 344 14|
720 576 "
74o 638 "
240 216 "
2 12|
84 12|
94 11-3/8
32 3-3/^
48 8
44 55 99 2054 177^ 1^1 230 27-5/8
121 (295)
Beef Flowr. Beer Molass. Buttr. Sugr. Vinegr. Salt Qyl Soap Cotton
It. It. Gal. Qt. It. It. Qt. It. qt. It. oz.
John Pye ) 24 24 3 4 1-3/^ 3/^ li 2 11 1-|
) Clerks
William Bussell ) 24 24 3 4 1-3/4 3/4 1^ 2 1 1 If
48 48 6 8 3| 1| 2^ 4 2 2 3
2054 1774 - 58 230 " " If n II 27-5/8
2102 1822 6 66 233I
2102 It. of Beef @ I6 p Ct. . .
1822 It. of Flower @ 12 p Ct. .
6 Gall, of Beer @ 1 . . . ,
66 Qurts. of Molosses 6 .
233I It. of Butter 6 . ' 1^ of Sugar @ 4^ . . ,
2^ Qts. of Vinegar @ 3^. .
4 of Salt 1/2 . . .
2 qt. of LaE^) Oyle @ 6^ .
2 It. of Soap 8^. . . .
3 Ounces of Cotton @ li .
27-5/8 Bushell of Corn 2/6
1| 2i 4223 27-5/8
. 16 16 3-3/4
. 10 18 7-1
. 1 13 0
5 16 9
. 0 0 7-1/6
. 0 0 4-1/6
. 3 9 0-1/6
39 3 8-3/4
Advance 10 p Ct. for vast 3 18 4-1/4
1 43 2 1
Pp. 298 throu^ 308 cover accounts and list of detts.
lU .J
121a (298)
Sent 19 Oct. 1738
An AccoH5)t of the Charge of the Saltzburghers Issues of Provi
sions on Accoxint of the Establishment from March 25th. 1736 to April the
20thj 1738 being no fxarther Allowance then ending.
S i S D
47,m-3/4s Meet 16/.378- 8. 3
36 k59. Eice 9/.!^
996. Bushells Com 2/6.124,10.-
21 Bushells potatoes18. 1.11. 6
270^ Bushells pease 2/6. 331^ 3
1 380. Butter 7-1/2.43. 2. 6
n, ^
1 610. Sault being 28-3/4 Bunt 16/ .I.I8. 4
oz lb ftz s
550. Allspice 34 & 6t 1. 1.14. ^<1
8 880P Flower 12/. 53 5. 7
1 769 Galls. Molasses I8.132.13 6
433J Galls, laa^) Oyle 18 .32.10. 3
400t Fish 11 .2. 4. -
270^ Gallons Vinegar1. I3.IO. 3
576 Gallons Beer10. 24. -. -
lb ^
1 480| Cheese 5.3O.I6.IO
1 127 Sugar 4 ....I8.I5. 8
702-3/4^^ SkwCT Soap 5 .14.12. 9
514 Gallons Molasses 18 .. 38* U* "
109i^ Spun Gotten2/.. 10.18. 6
IZlb (298)
Issues of Provision for peoples passage in Conveying
Provision from Savannah to ETsenezer as p Accot.
1-3/4 Ih. Cheese ^.
1458 Ih. Meat 16/.
1158 Ih. P-ice 9.
52 Ih. Pish l.f.
195 Ih. Biskett 12/ ....
77 Ih. Pease l| Bus: 2/6 .
94 Ih. Corn 1-3/4 Bus: 2/6
117 Ih. Plover @ 12/ ....
1 Gall. Molasses I8 . .
1| Gall of Bew 10 ...
5. 4.
-. 6.
1. 3.
-. 3.
-. 4.
-. 1.
-. 1.
Account of Toole
24 Iron Potts wt. 46l Ih 3^.^ 515*
17 frying pans wt. 84 Ih. 5 .. * 1.15*
76 Empty Eice Barrels l/4 . 5* 1*
36 falling Axes 2/t. 4.10.
30 Hatchetts sundry Sorts @ 18^. 2. 5*
11 Harrow hoes I/6.-.16.
24 Broad Do. 2/!^.. 2.11.
10 Hand Saws 3/.
1 076. -.io|
L 1 095.13. 8|
121c (299)
Broxi^t Over. 1 095.13
1 Brass Kettle wt. 19 1^- 2/6.2. 7- 6
3 large Saws @ 30^/ ...... .... ^.10.
1 pr. Hill Stones.. -.16. -
- 31.17. 7
Account of Medicines for the Sick
4 Bottles
Cortex Perue
Sweet Oyle
@2/.t -. 8. -
114 Ih. Butter @ 7|. 3.11. 3
474 Ih. Sugar @4^.,..... . 7.18. -
14 Ih. Salt 1 peck. 4
404 Ih. Flower @ 12 /. 2. 8. 6
6 Ih. Hopes 1/. - . 6. -
216 Qts. Wine being 5^ Gall @ 3/. 8, 2, -
1 Qt. Treacle@. 6
^ Ih..2. -
Safron @
-. 8, -
1 Bushell Oatemeal 3/. J. -
6 Ih, Meat@2^. 1. -
6 Ih. Rice @1 .............. . 1.
1 fowls @1/.-. 1. -
Ih oz s
75; oz Allspice 4;11. @ 1 /.. -. 4. 9
3/4 Ih. Deers Sewet@.. 6
-- 25.13.10
I. 1 153. 5. If
121d (300)
Bronght forward .... Xi
AccoTint for Plenting
2 Busliells Seed Rice 2/6.. . ..I-. 5*-
8. ,
peck Hhirnipe Seed1/. 1, 6
37 Bush. Corn 2/6.4,12, 6
22-|- Bush: pease 2/6.2.16, 3
500 Mtilherry Trees from the Trustees Gardens . .
170 Bus Potatoes l/6.. 12.15. -
Account for Building
d d
1120-10: Hails 8.
500:20:^ Do, l4^.
3 Gall. Tarr4.
40 Ih. Pitch 1^.
s *
12 pair Door hinges2/.
4 pair Window Do, 15^.
2 Stock Cocks 18.
100:20,^ Nails % l4^ ..
Por Publick Use
1 Canoe18..
3 Quire paper 9 ...
1 Sealed Bush: Measiure 5/..
Wt. 20.1h
4 .
-, 5.10
-. 1, -
3. ^
1, 4, -
-. 5. -
-. 3. -
1, 2
18. -
-. 2. 3
5* -
-. 6. 8
-. 5. 8
1 153. 5.
20,10, 3
3*10. 9|
18.19, 7
121e (300)
Accoimt Arms & Anmunition
1-7/8 Blls. Qnm Powder wt: I87J 1 ..... . 9 7 6
125 It. Bulletts 3^.1.11. 3
39 Musketts ll/.22.18.-
ZOO Flints ^.8
- 33.17. 5
& 1 227. 3- 2
(301) Broxaglit Over.It 1 227. 3 2
Accomt Live Stock
11 Cows & Calfs 50/
1 Bull 50/.
13 furkys Z^js ....
^ s
15 Geese 3.
L 27.10. -
2.10. -
1.12. 6
2. 5. -
3317. 6
lo Sundry Expences paid on Accot. of the Saltzbtir^ers . . . 26.17* 2^
L 1 287.i7.lOl
121f (302)
Sent 19 Oct. 1738
An Account of Sundry Certificate Issued to "be Pay'd in England
from 12. Augst. 1736 to 25 J^e 1738
Fovembr: 22
Eecemer. 6
Kovemer. 11
August 1
Kovemr. 20
June 9
July 21
August 17
0ctol)er 4
Janry. 16
Pebry. 2
March 25
Deer. 29
May 7
ATig: 10
Hu^ Bryan
Samuel Eveligh
William Bellinger
Ditto Samuel Mountagut & Co:
Abram Minis and Company
582 15 8
6967:11:7 to 929 - 3
1738:11:3 to 231 16 2
147 - -
266 1 8
173 18 5
16 5 10
285 3 9|
166 3 11
282 14 3|
847 5 8J
772 4 7
218 7 6
75 9 11
317 15 11
I4l 18 10| Ditto
121g (302)
Ocfbr: k Ditto
Janiy: 23 Ditto
March. 8 Ditto
Hovemer: 17 Messrs. Eoht. Willisjas & Company
1737 JTxae 8 Ditto
Atigt. 8 Ditto
April 18 Ditto
Aog: 22 Samuel Lacy
(3W) Brou^t over
393 18 4J
78 9
434 8 5|
98 6 2|
124 2 8-3/4
90 15 5
75 1 4
187 16 11
96 3
48 15 4|
349 8 6
166 19 4
I. 7658 7 Hi
7658 7 Hi
Feh. William Clay
f Sep. 7 Ditto
Octr. 10 Ditto
, 30 John Brownfield
188 8 4
149 16 2
65 10 5
Decemr 177 10 4|
121h (303)
Sep: 29
Never: 1
Janry. 11
Marcdi 25
April 26
Jxuae 25
Augt: 12
May 27
Aogt. 13
July 23
Sepr. 27
July 27
Augt: 8
Octr. 17
Ie'bry. 1
Maroil I6
April 27
Tennet Oo'bley
Shomas Ware
James Searls
Benjamin Aplebee
William Yanderspiegett
Francis Johannet
EoWert Ellis
111 - 3i
90 9 -
81 16 7|
102 5 # i
79 13 7
225 7 2i
4-9 2 1
181 1 7|
226 4- 9
62 16 5
148 2 11|
138 14 11^
293 3 11
381 4 5
494 1 1|
384 7 lOj
504 9 11
243 15 4
257 2 3
121i (303)
Uovemr. 27
July 16
Fe'bry. 28
March 9
Jajiry. 5
March 8
June 15
March 17
Augt. 8
Fehry. 20
Octr. 1
David Provoost
John Proroost
Richard Woodward & Company
Oarred Up
112 18 11
h3 16 h-3/h
348 2 l|
296 9 10
i 13545 19 1
(304) Brou^t over 13545 19 1
Bunez Hencriquez
William Thomson Obtain
Eecon^ence Stanhery
160 11 5|
469 1 Ij
58 7 11-3/4
Ditto 68 13 11
Samuel Tinghey l44 16 ^
Benjamin Munro 227 18 6-3/4
Henry Daubus for Jacob Lawkes Prei^t &c.
Aug: Got Spangenhurg & Moravian Breathern
Accot: of Building the Hohblej ITrustees
House & Goal
Ditto & Ditto on Accot: of Ditto
James Me pherson on Accot* of the
1168 8 -
132 11 9
127 9 1
Garison at Port Argyle 424 19 8-3/4
121j (304)
March. 26 Ditto for Ditto
Octr, l4 Eaneas McKentosh for the Pay of ye Garison
at Port Prince George
129 8 4-3/4
221 10 61
L 16880:16; 0-3/4
(306) Sent 19 Oct. 1738
List of Debts owing by the Store the 10th. of October I738.
Saamel Mountaigut & Co.
Abram: Minis & Co, about
John Brownfield abot.
Widdow Jei^ys of Cha. Town
Samnel Eveleigh
Paul Jenys Deceasd
Alexander Eantowle
Eobert Williams & Co, Exclusive of
the Eoad Prom December 1737
John Lloyd
John Hunt
William Bellinger
David Provoost
Wm, Olay for Steers
868 10 10
790 10 -
260 - -
33 8 9
256 8 4
163 9 8
85 18 3|
his Bill of work on I
) 438 3 9
101 9 4|
31 - -
259 2
1,085 12 3
112 10 -
-19 1^ Do. for Presh Meat
^ Henriqiiez Htinez
Lieut: Collonel Coclaran
Thomas Ware
121k (306)
141 17 10
214 2 5
221 8 1
Croclcatt & Seaman 87 - -
Jacob Mathews Exclusive of a Debt in England by Musgrove I3 9
David Truan 4
Alexander Boss 1 l4 9
Samuel Parker 6 I3 3|
William Iwen besides Provisions 15 11
William Woodooffe 12 l4 7|
Atigusts. Spangenburg & Moravions 35 13
William Wallace 3 17 6
Edward Duson - 7 -
(307) William Francis Messenger 76 8 8
Samuel Mercer 12 1 11^
Hugh Marks I3 - C%
^ James Eamsy 4 11 8
Jonathan Norton abot. 7 10 -
Patrick Tailfer 18 10 -
Benjamin Adams 40 - 8
Samuel Lacy 46 4 11
Samuel Holmes 9 12 5^
John Penrose 30 12 7
Simon Minis d 6 6
Hues Ross 369
Doctor Boss - 7 7i
1211 (307)
Do. Continued
James Eoustoxin
Peter Mattier
Alexander Neilson
Henry Treletrer
Malcum McHeal
John Pellihen
John Jones
Widdw Cross
Edward JenMns
Widow Peters
George lirritt
Thomas Wiggins
Widow Harris
Claudius CoB5)ire
Patrick Graham
Thomas Trip
(308) Thomas Weatherly
James Dormer
Stephen Tarrian
Carolina Scout boat
Georgia Scout hoat
Hangers under the Command of John Cuthhert
Port Prince George
Port Augusta
Port Argyle
Garrison in the Indian Nation
12 8 3
8 12
- 19 6
- 6 8
3 16 5
- 5 4
- 7 -
6 4 111
70 8 8|
- 5 8|
9 12 5|
k 17 1|
- 10 -
109 17 lOj
5 1^ 11
- 4 11
33 2 -I
- 8 6
3a 1 2
36 - -
65 - -
13^ 15 7
200 - -
13 1
40 - p
6 8
1 6,688 1 2-3/4-
\ 122 (310)
Colli. Oglethorp to the Trustees
Savannah 19- October I738.
Qhe present Situation of yo'ux Affairs here, is what I think I am
obliged to represent to You, in such a manner that You may lay them
before the Ministry and Parliament, to proc-uxe such Assistance as the
Publick Service and the Hat-uxe of those Affairs require. I should
think ny self hi^ly culpable, if a Colony which hath advanced for some
time f so successfully, and stood the Nation in so much Money, should
be ruined for want of my acquainting You with its present true State,
and the best measures ny small Judgement can suggest to its preserva
It is now apparent from the Captains of the Men of Wars Letters,
as well as from the Accounts of others, that the Ports of Georgia, axe
tmily valuable, and of great Consequence to the homeward bound Trade of
the Spanish West Indies, both in time of Wax and Peace. Jefeyll
Earbo-ux will readily a.dmit of 40 Gun Ships; and taking proper Advantages
of the Q?ides, 60 Gun Ships may be carried in there.
It is proved beyond Controversy that this Colony is the Southern
Frontier against both the French and Spaniards; Our advanced Posts upon
the Sea Coast axe within 12 miles of the Spanish Out Guards, and those
to the Vfest are not much farther from the French.
We are now very near reaping the Fruit of the Experiments made
in Silk, Vines and Saw Mills.
The Honour of the Nation is in some measure concerned to support
People, who under Parliamentary Enco'uxagement have settled this Colony;
123 (310)
And among them there are many who hrought over some Fortunes, and have
expended their little All (311) in maMng Settlements.
How useless will it he to maintain a Regiment for Defence of a
Colony, from which the Inhabitants will he obliged to retire for want
of Support?
I The Spanish Alarm, and the great Dearth last Year through all
America, occasioned Provisions to he treble the Price of what it is
frequently; and Indian Corn, which is the Principal food and often
costs hut 1. shilling p bushel, the last Year cost at this place 3 snd
more; So that the Maintenance of the People consequently was near three
times more Expence to the Trust, than they could compute from former
The Preparations of the Trustees Officers, which they were
obliged to mahe for the Defence of the Province against the Spaniards,
occasioned their exceeding the Estimate, and by that means bro\aght the
Trust in Debt. This the Trustees could not provide against; They gave
early Notice by Petition to His Majesty, and His Majesty most graciously
ordered a Regiment to be raised, and sent over for Defesoce of the
b Province And thereupon the Civil was separated from the Military Estab
lishment of the Colony,
The Parliament which had given for the Civil a Military Estab
lishment for one Year ii 20,000 did after separating the Military from
c the Civil Establishment grant I* 8,000 for the Civil Establishment only.
But the Trustees were still at the Bsroence of maintaining the Military,
till the Arrival of the Regiment to relieve their Men, and take Charge
of the Forts; though they had only L 8,000 which was for the Civil
124 (311)
Establishment; and indeed no Officer of them dared to disband or with
draw a Garrison, till His Majestys Iroops arrived to relieve them,
least in tha-t Interval they might have been taken possession of by others
who were not His Blajestys (312) Subjects; Therefore the whole Military
Charge for Defence of the Province lay upon the Trustees. Jhid the dis
tance of time from the Trustees petitioning the King, to the time that
the Eegiment could arrive and relieve their Garrisons, was about a Year
and during which the Province was so well defended at the Trustees
Cliarge, as not to give their Neighbours any Tenptation to attack them;
insomuch that they lost not one Port, though the Spaniards were very
strong near em.
This Military Expence was all of it an Exceeding of the Trustees
Establishment given by Parliament; and the Supply of the ii 8,000 then
Voted, was only intended for the Maintenance of the Civil Government
and larorovement of the Colony; as appears by the Petition on which that
Vote was grounded.
By this Military Expence going on till the Arrival of the Regi
ment, which was by inevitable Accidents delayed till near Winter, those
enployed by the Trustees were obliged to continue hiring Horsemen,
keeping Armed Boats, garrisoning of Forts and fTirnishing provisions to
the Militia, who were kept under Arms; And on the Arrival of the Regi
ment, a new Espence was added, by hiring Boats for carrying the new
arrived Troops to their Posts and other Contingencies.
The above mentioned Defence of the Colony is now become a Debt
of the Trust, and those enployed by them in Georgia were furnished by
Merchants and others with Stores, Provisions & other things for payment
125 (312)
of the Garrisons, Hangers, Scout Boatsmen and others employed for
defence of the Province. Pay is also due to many of those poor Men.
Eie Difficulty therefore that will lye on the Trust is extreamly
great, and ' tis to he hoped the Parlisjnent will take this into their
Consideration; and not allow the Trustees who have (3I3) given their
time to the Puhlick for establishing this Colony. Nor the Merchants
and others who have furnished Provisions and Stores, or helped to defend
the Colony in this dangerous Sit-uation, suffer for their successful
Zeal in defending this e:3q)0sed part of Eis Majestys Dominions.
I am
Yr. most Obedient humble Servant
James Oglethorpe.
(318) General Oglethorps Account of the Muniny at Frederica, on the
1 Novbr. 1738
Sent to the Trusteee of Georgea, & recieved Feby. I738-9
On the 1. November I went to St. Andrews to review the two
Con^anies there encait5ed near the Fort. I Saw them under arms by day
break, and after they were dismist I went up to the Fort to breakfast
at the Comanding Officers barrack. A gree.t nximber of them without their
arms came crov/ding into the Fort, and in a very lo\id manner demanded to
Speak to me. They grew very clamorous, and would hardly bear to Stay
till I had done breakfast. As I came out, I imediately Suspected from
the behaviour of the people that there was Some bad design on foot, and
126 (318)
found my Self at once in their hands, for they had numbers enough to
Secure the guard & Fort; upon which, I thought the best way would be to
get the crowd out of the Fort where all our amunition & Stores were. I
walkd therefore nimbly out of the gate, the Crowd follow'd me; As soon
as I was beyond the Barriers I turned Short, end then began to ask what
tney were So clamorous for, and at the Same time whisperd an order to
the officer of the guard to Secure the Fort. They made Several unreason
able demands; My first answers were very civil, but they grew more
exorbitant; at last One Said they would have beds in the Camp, and
Provisions gratis. I told him to go to his quarters. He Said they were
cold ones, that they would not be So answer'd, but would have their
provisions, and cried out, How is your time, One and all; On which I
Seized him prisoner, and pull'd him within the Barriers. Another Said,
you Shall then take us all, upon which I^d Capt. Desbrisay Si Seize
him which he accordingly did. We carry'd the two prisoners within the
gate of the Fort, and called out to Shut the Barriers. The Mutineers
Strove to Crowd in; Capt. Mackay and Mr. Mackay Strove to Stop them at
the Barriers, but One of the Soldiers whose name was Ross Seized Captain
Mackays Sword which was broken in the Struggle. Having deliverd the
prisoners to the guard, I went out of the gate to the Barriers, and the
Mutineers finding they could not force them, ran to the Camp, crying
out, One & all to Arms. I Saw a HxsJeissx Higlander holding down Ross.
and called to him not to hurt him, on vdiich he let him go, and Ross ran
to the Camp. I then consider'd whether it was best to Stay in the Fort,
and (319) let the I'tutiueers make themselves Masters of the Camp, or go
and hinder their /, assembling; I was Sure tha,t all those who came over
127 (319)
wth. me were well affected, and yet "believed that if the Mutineers were
once ]3SB,sters of the Camp, they might force them to Joyn with them: I
therefore thoxight it was better to take one hold Step, and go into the
midst of the Camp at once, than Sxiffer the innocent men and their fami
lies to fall into the hands of the muntineers.
Whilst I was thinking of this, Ca,pt. Deshrisay came up to me from
the Camp with an account that the Mutineers were assembling, and that
Several had their arms loaded before, and the rest were loading. I Sent
to turn out the Quarter Guard, ordered the Highlanders & Boat Crews to
come up with their arms, & ran dovm with Capt. Deshrisay into the Camp,
hoping that ny presence might awe them & prevent mischief. I no Sooner
turned into one of the Streets of the Camp, but I Saw a great many men
with their arms; and one just behind the corner of the hutt about 5
yards from me presented his piece at me; I Stept back, and call'd to
him, down with your Arms, at which he cryed, Ho, by God, I'le down with
you; On which I rushed forward. He fired, the bullet whizzed above my
Shoulder, & the powder Singed my clothes. At the Same time I heard
another Shot fired, and the bullet whizzed by me, & Struck the Mutineer.
He Strove to club his firelock, but before he made Sure of his blow, I
closed in with him with my Sword, & Seizing his fire lock with my left
hand, tore it from him. Saying, Wretch, let go your arms, I will not
kill you, I'le leave you to the Hangman, and did not touch him with my
Sword. At the Same time another presented at me, and missed fire. I
ran & Seized his piece which he imediately let go, and ran a,way. I
called to the rest who v/ere gathering, and presenting that ps piece, told
them I would Shoot them that resisted, and wotild pardon them if they
128 (319)
wotad disperse, which they imediately did. Then turning round, I Saw
Several of the Officjers coming down the Street to me, and the Mutineer
\fho had fired at me on the ground, and a Highlander going to Strike v;ith
his hroad Svrord; I called to him to hold, which he accordingly did.
Capt. Deshrisay came up to (320) me with a musket which he had taken
away from one of the Mutineers who had missed fire at him. Capt. Mackay
who was Slightly wounded in his hand, also came up with a musket in his
hand, which he had fired at the Mutineer \irho had fired at me about the
Same time. I then walked thro all the Camp, and calling out to the
Serjeants obliged all the men to keep their quarters, and Sent an
Officer down each Street to go into their hutts and examine their arms,
who found 25 of them loaded wth. Ball, & most of them had been loaded
before I review*d them in the morning.
I went up, and orderd the Quarter Guard, and the Fort Guard,
Sending off all those men who were Suspected, and turned out those under
arms whom I was most Secure of. I then orderd all the other Men to
assemble without their arms, and Sople to them. I Saw amongst them the
Mutineer whom I had left prisoner in the Fort, for the Guard at the Fort
had let the two prisoners go, and had told the Officer, that the Men
were in the right, for that they were not to Starve. I order'd that
Hing-leader to be Seized, & having Spoke to the Soldiers, asked them if
they had any grievances? They Said they had none, but that the kings
pay was not Sufficient to keep them without provisions, and that they
had had provisions at Giberaltar as well as pay, and that Col., Co_cfa*.bgk
had not paid them their Sea pay during the time they were at Sea. I
then reprimanded them for their behaviour that day, and declared upon
125 (320)
their Shewing the -utmost grief, a pardon for all, except the 5 Ring
leaders that were prisoners. I that Evening Spoke one hy one to every
man in them two Con^panies without any Officer present to know if they
had any grievances, hut they all Said, No, their officers treated, them
well, a,nd they had been constantly paid, except their Sea pay, concern
ing which Col. Cockran had an Accompt to Settle with them. I orderd
that he Should pay the Sea pay to each Captain, & Settle the Acct., So
that the Men might he paid to the 13th of the month.
(326) Frederica 20 Nov. 1738
Ky Lord
I shall not trouble your Lordship with the disagreable condition
of Affairs at Savannah, Since you will See them in my letter to the
Tr-ustees. You may judge I am in no delightfull Situation, having a great
number of debts, empty magazines, no ax money to Supply them, numbers of
people to be fed, mutinous Soldiers to command, a Spanish claim, and a
large body of their Troops not far from us: Yet do I not doubt to get
through them all, and that the Same Providence which hath visibly
appeard for the Colony, will continue to protect it. The human means
is a vigorous application to Parliament to pay those debts which have
been contracted for the defence of a valuable Province, and which co-uld
not be avoided. Since no One yl could dare to dismiss the Militia or
3Di reduce the Garisons here till the kings troops arrived to relieve
them. And this hath forced an expence of 20 000 I in a year, when only
8000 i was granted.
130 (326)
I hope yr. Lordship vrill msJlce my Service acceptehle to my Lady
Egmont & the rest of yoiar good family, & believe me to he
My Lord
To the Rt. Honhe. Yr. Lordships most ohedt. humle. Servt.
the Earl og Egmont James Oglethorp
(330) 9 Dechr. 1738
To the Hononrahle the Tjnistees for Sstahlishg. the
Colony of Georgia in America.
May it please Yonr Eononrs
We whose Hanes are Under Written being all Settlers, Freeholders
and Inhabitants, in the Province of Georgia and being Sensible of the
great pains and Care Exerted by Yon. on Endeavouring to Settle this
Colony, Since it has been -under Yo-ur Protection and Management Do
unanimously join to lay before You, with the utmost regret the following
Particulars. But in the first Place We must beg leave to Observe, that
it has afforded us a great deal of Concern and uneasiness, that former
Representations made to You of the same Nature, have not been tho-ughtjc^
worthy of due Consideration, nor Even of an ansvjer. We have most of us
Settled in this Colony, in p-ursuance of the Description and Recommenda
tion given of it by You in Britain, And from the Experience of residing
here Several Years do find, that it is impossible the Measures hitherto
laid down and P-ursued, for making it a Colony can succeed. None of all
those who have Planted their Land, have been Able to raise s-ufficient
131 (330)
produce, to MslntRin their Families in Bread Kind only, Even tho as much
application and Industry have heen Exerted to Bring it about as co\ild he
done by men Ingaged in an Affair, on which they beleived the Welfare of
themselves and. Posterity So much depended, and which they Imagined, must
require more than ordinary pains to maJre Succeed; So tha,t by the Accumu
lated Expences e-very Year of Provisions Cloathing ai: and Medicines &c.
for themselves Families and Servants. Several have expended all their
Money, nay Even run Considerably in Debt, and so been Obliged to give
off Planting, and MaMng further Improvements, and those who Continue,
are daily Exhausting more and more of their money and some daily In
creasing their debts without a possibility of being reimbursed according
to the present Constitution.
This being now the general State of the Colony, it must be Obvious,
that people can not Subsist by their Land according to the present
Establishrat. and this being a truth, res\ilting from Tryall practice and
Experience Cannot be Contradicted by any theorical Scheme or Reasoning.
The Land then according to the present ficrasr-liri- Consituation, not being
Capable, to (33^) maintain the Settlers here, they must Unavoidably
hav excess to, and depend upon Trad.e; But to otir Woef\ill Experience
likewise the same Causes that prevent the first, Obstruct the Latter.
For tho the Situation of this Place is exceeding well Adapted for Trade,
and. if it wa.s encouraged, might be much more improved by the Inhabitants,
yet the diffic\ilties and restrictions which we hitherto have and at
present do labour under debar us of that Advantage. Timber is the only
thing we have here which w*e might Export, and Notwithstanding we are
obliged to fall it in Planting Our Land yet we Cannot Manufacture it fit
132 (331)
for a foreign Market, But at douBle the Esqpence of other Colonies: As
for Instance, the Eiver of May which is hut twenty Miles from us, v/ith
Allowance of ITegroes, load Vessells with that Commodity at one half of
the Price that we can do; and what should induce persons to bring Ships
here when they can he loaded with one half of the Sxpence So near us;
Therefore the Timber on the land is Only a Continual/ Charge to the
Possessors of it, tho of / very great Service in all the Northern
Colonies, where Negroes are allowed and Consequently Labour ids Cheap.
We do not in the least doubt but that in time Silk & Wine may be pro
duced here, especially the former; but since the Cultivation of Land
with white Servants only. Cannot raise provision for our families as
before Mentioned, Therefore it is likewise Impossible to Carry on these
Manufactures according to the present Constitution. It is very well
known that Carolina can raise Everything that this Colony Can, and they
having their labour So much Cheaper, will Alv/ays ruin o-ur Market unless
we ere in some Measure on a footing with them. And as in both the land
is v,'orn out in four or five Years, and then fit for notMng but Pastiire,
we must be always at a great deal more Ejqpence than they in clearing new
Land for Planting. The importation of the necessarys of Life come to
us at the most extravagant rate; Merchants in G-eneral Especially of
England not being willing to Supply the Settlers with goods upon Commis
sion because no Person here can make them any Security of their lands or
In^rovements as is very Often Practiced In other Places to promote
trade, v?hen Some of the Imployers Money is laid out in Necessary build
ings and In^irovements, fitting for the trade. Intended without which it
cannot he carryed on. The benefit of the Importation therefore, is all
133 (331)
to transient Persons, who do not lay out (332) any Money amongst us, hut
on the Contrary Carry every penny out of the Ple.ce and the Chief reason
for their enhancing The Price is because they cannot get any goods here
Either on Freight or Purchase for another Market If the Advantages
eccruing from Importa-tion Centred in the Inhabitants the Profit thereof
would naturaily circulate amongst us, and be laid out in in^jrovements in
the Colony. Your Honours we imagine are not insensible of the Numbers
that have left this Province, not being Able to Support themselves and
Fftnilies any longer. And those Still remaining who had money of their
own and Credit with their Friends, have laid out most of the former in
in5)rovements, and lost the latter for doing it on such Precarious
Titles, And upon Account of the Present Sss. Establishment, not above two
or three Persons Except those brought on Charity and Servants Lent by
You have come here for the Space of two Years past. Either to Settle
Laud or Encourage trade neither do we hear of any such likely to come
untill we are on better Terms; It is true His Majesty has been graciously
pleased to grant a Eegiment for the defence of this Province and our
Neighbouring Colony, which indeed will very much assist us in defending
our Selves against all Enenys. But otherwise does not in the least
Contribute to our Support. For all that Part of their Pay which is
exjDended here is laid out with transient People and Our Neighbours in
Carolina who are Capable to Supply them with Provisions and other
Necessarys at a Moderate price which we as before Observed are not at
all Capable to do upon the present Establishment. This then being
our present Condition, it is Obvious what the Consequence must be. But
We for our parts have Intirely relied on and Confided in your good
134 (332)
Intentions Ssti beleiving You would redress any greivances that should
Appesr, and now by our long Experience from Industry and Continual
Application to improvement of land here do find it impossible to Pursue
it or Even to subsist our Selves any longer, according to the present
Nature of the Constitution and Likev;ise beleiving You will agree to
those Measures that are found from Experience (333) Capable to make this
Colony Succeed, and to promote which We have Consumed our Money, Time,
and Labour. We do from a Sincere and true regard to the Welfare and
in duty Both to You and our selves. Beg leave to lay before Your
immediate Consideration, the two follov/ing Chief Causes of these
our present Misfortunes and this deplorable State of the Colony, and
Vfhich We are Certain if Granted, v/ould be an Infallible remedy for both.
1st. The want of a True Title or Pee Simple, to Our I'ands, which
if Granted would both Occasion great Numbers of New Settlers to Gome
amongst us, and likewise Encourage those who remain here Cheerfully
to proceed in making further Improvements, as well to retreive their
Sunk fecExtiasE fortunes as to make provision for their Posterity.
2d. The want of the use cf Negroes with proper limitations;
which if Granted would both induce great Nximbers of white People to Come
here and also r ender us Capable to Subsist our Selves by raising f
provisions upon our Lands, tintill we Could make Some produce fit for
Export and in some Measure to Eallance our Importation, We are very
sensible of the Inconveniences and Mischiefs that have already and do
daily arise from an uinlimited Use of Negroes but we are as sensible
that these may be prevented by a due limitation. Such as so ina.ny to
Each White Man, or so many to such a Quantity of land, or in any other
135 (333)
Manner Your Honours shall think most proper. By Granting usjf Gentlemen
these two particiolars, and and such other privileges as his Majestys
most dutyfull Subjects;^ in America enjoy. You will not only prevent Our
Impending ruin, but we are fially Satisfied also vdll soon malce this the
most flourishing Colony possessed by His Majesty in America, and Your
Memories will be peipetualed to all future Ages, Our latest posterity
Sounding Yo\xr praises as their first founders. Patrons And Guardians;
But if by denying us those Priviledges, We our selves and families are
not only Euined, but Even Our Posterity likewise. You will always be
Mentioned as the Cause and Authors of all their Misfortunes and Calami
ties, which w'e hope will never (33^) happen.
We are with all due respect
Your Honours most Dutyfull and
Obedient Servants.
Savannah in Georgia the )
9th December 1738* )
Henry Parker
Eobert Gilbert
his R. G. mark.
Ihos. Christie
John Eallovrfield
John Brownfeild
Wm. WooeroofSe
Patt. Tailfer
And, Grant
Sami. Marcer
John Seillie
James Carwells
John lyndall
Jos. Fitzwalter
Elisha ggyy Poster
Walter Fox
Willigm Ew'en
Jas. Houstotin
William Parker
John Graham
James Papot
John Penrose
David Snook
Edward Townsend
John Desborough
Andrew Duche
James Galloviray
136 (33^)
Eofeert Williams
^at. Grsliam
Da. Douglass
Tho. Baillie
Hiogh Anderson
James Williams
Edward Jenkins
Thomas Ormston
Joseph Waxdrop
George Buncle
Ad. Loyer
Peter Jevrhert
John Burton
Eohert Hows
William X Meers
his mark
Thomas Ss.lter
James Baillon
James Anderson
(335) William Calvert
Stephen Marrauld
Eichard Millichamp
Isaac Young Senr.
Jacoh Mathews
Isaac Young
Eohert Hainks
Archibald Glen
Thos. ITeale
Stephen X Terrien
his mark
Samuel Ward
James J S Smith
his mark
Pierce Morel
Stephen de Monford
David Gainder
James X Chansue
his mark
James X Laundry
his mark
Simon 0. Eowiere
his mark
Louis Stamen
Thomas Tripp
Sami. Holmes
James Murr
Peter Deshtor
his mark
Henry H. Manly
his mark
Head Gardner.
John Deshorough junr.
Edward Bush
Benj. Adams
Charles Britain
John f Eae
William Colthred
John Young
Samuel Lacy
Andrew Walker
John Miller
Eichard Eogers
Thomas Gantlet
William Starfitchet
Petre Baillon
Peter Emory
Henry Lloyd
Vfm. Eldert
John Smith
John Kelly
Jos. Stanly
Thomas X Young
his mark
Thos. Cross
his mark
137 (335)
Eichard Davis
James Corneck
Sanl. Parker
George Garland
Wm. S. X Greenfield
his mark
James Dormer
Thomas Tihhet
Gille Been
^enry Green
George X Bush
his mark
Thomas Wattell
James Bursides
Wm. Stirling
John Stonehewer
Charles Greenfield
his mark
William Carter
James Dean
Francis Srooks
Jacoh Watts
Thomas Baillie
his mark
Hugh X Frasier
his mark
Thos. Andrews
John Feasdeale
Thos. Yonng
his mark
Henry H M Mo\fLton
his mark
Don. Stev/art
John Clark
John Dndding
(363) Account of the Births, Marriages, and Bwials which have
happened in iiiy time.
'SB Oct. 22
Kovr. 6
baptized Martha Daily Daugh; of John and-- Baily Smith
Do. Ann Ward Daugh. of Sam; and Mary Ward Planter
Bo. J8,s. Thos. and Judah Brooks Ttfins, Son and Daug; of Frank
and Ann Brooks
hwied Ann Hanks Wife of Eo'bert Hanks, Cane Man Aged 42
Do. Eiiz: itent Gent aged 35
"baptized Eliz: Bishop Daug: of Philip and Eliz. Bishop
Do. Sarah Fallowfield Daug: of John and Fallowfield Planter
19 Do. John Mares Son of V/ill; and Eliz; Mares Sawyer
137a (338)
Character of the Persons who Sign'd the Representation for Hegroes
9 Dec. 1738
A List of Persons who Sign'd the Memorial to he
9 December 173
allow'd negroes
Lott in
Savannah Persons
Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
When arrived fell'd fenced clear'd planted Occt^tion Deserted Since
222 Adams Benj. 1737 0 0
178 Anderson Hn^ 27 Jnne 1737 12
235 James 10 Jan. 1735/6 0 0
Andrews Tho.
0 0
12 12 Gent. Carolina 1739
0 0 Joyner
Indian frader
222 Adams Benj. neglects his own Lot & rents Lot 78. A Eiotor in open Court 20 Oct.
1737. Went over on his own Acct. & was possest of this lot April
178 Anderson Hngh He overbuilt himself, & ran out his purse too fast. Went on Ms own
235 _James Possest of Ms lot 1 May 1737. neglects it to live on his brother
John Andersons lot No. 190. Went over on his own Acct.
Andrews OJho. has no lot, and lives chiefly among the Indians. Joynd the Colony
137b (3^0)
ZiOtt In Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Savannah. Persons When arrived fell*d fenced clear*d planted 0ccn:5>atlon Deserted Since
128 Baillie Tho. l4 Jan. 1733A 0 0
206 2 0
142 Baillou Ja. 12 March 1733/^ 5 5
119 _Peter 29 Aug. 1733 0 0
147 Been Gilles 12 Mar. 1733/4 0 O"
113 Britain Oha. 3I Oct. 1733 0 0
174 Brooks Pra. feh. 1735/6 0 0
0 Smith
0 Gent. Carolina
20 Sept. 1740
5 hatter
0 Vinedresser
0 Baker
4|^ Carolina
Jan. 1738/9
0 Kill*d Ijy ye
Baillie ^ho.
Baillou Ja.
________ Peter
Been Gilles
Pour gnilty of assault 20 feh. 1734/5* A greater dealer in Bum agst. law.
Went on his own Acet. had a grant of 500 Ac. 3. Sept. 1735*
An industrious Man
Pound guilty of dealing with Servants 7 July 1737. & 3* ct. 1737 his
lot Svaz^ overflowed.
Pyn*d twice for receiving Stollen goods 3d. & 30 Oct. 1734. Went on his
own Acet.
113 Britain Cha. On 4 May 1734 he Shg^rrhVanrkroKw let his house for 7 years to Tho. Heale:
And on 1 Jan. I736/7 his 5 acre lot to Hen. Moulton for 2 years, &
lived Inmate on lot I76. Ban to Carolina for deht. Went on his own
174 Brooks Pra.
137c (3^2)
Lott in Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Savanna]! Persons When arrived fell*d fenced clear'd planted Occx^ation deserted Since
175 Brownfield Jo. feB. 1735/6 0 0
179 Biinckle Geo. 21 Aug. 173^
191 Burnsides Ja. I6 dec. 1733 ^
203 Burton Jo. 26 May 173^ 5
150 Bush Edwd. 12 Mar. 1733/^ 5
77 Calvert Will. 1 feh. 1732/3 0
0 0 Eegister &
0 2i
4 0 Writer dead 173^f9
5 5
5 5 gunsmith
0 0 trader in
175 Brownfeild Jo.
179 Bunkle Geo. Went at Jos. Wardropes e^^ence a Servant: In 1736 this lot was granted
to him hut he continued a Servant till 1738* I'Oi Swanip overflowd.
191 Burnsides Ja. A Motor in open Court 20 Oct. 1737* 4is lot granted in 1736 hut He
neglected it to live at Rotten Possum wh.out ye Trustees leave
203 Burton Jo. A Rioter in open Court 20 Oct. 1737. the hogs destroyed his crop. So he
left his lot Same year & lived Iiuna-te on lot 225. Went on his own Acct.
150 Bush Edwd. Convicted of Assault 20 feh, 173^/5 A Rioter in open Court 20 Oct, 1737
In 1739 he had leave to dispose of his lot to One of his dau^ters hy Will.
77 Calvert Will Would have deny'd a Note of hand to Ja, Dormer hut was cast 7 July 1737
137d (342)
Lott in
Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Persons When arrived fell'd fenced clear'd pl8n.ted Occupation deserted Since
Carter Will, 7 July 1733
Carwells Ja 1 Peb. 1732/3
Chesnue Ja.
Christie Tho. 1 feb. I732/3
Clarke Jo. 1 feb. 1732/3
Colthred Will 20 Nov. 1737
Corneok Ja. 1 feb. I732/3
Cross !rhos.
Peruke maker
Mercht. Eeoordr.
to Carolina
Jan. f 1738/9
None know
Carter Will, Servt, to Jos. Hetherington, where Settled I know not. went not on ye
Ir. Acct.
Carwells Ja. See his bad character in Mr, Cbardons letter to Ihr. O^ethorp 26 Oct.
Chesnue Ja. Where his Settlement or whether any I know not. gy. of Ja. Chessaok of
Christie iTho. Recordr. of Savannah till made 1. Bailif in Hen. Parkers room 20 June
1739 his lot mostly Swamp overflow'd, lives Inmate on Lot 1,
Clark Jo. Neglects his own lot & lives on his wifes, the Vfid. Deam lot. 29* Went
on his own acct. or joynd the Colony.
Colthred Will, Was a Serv. & probably is So Still
Corneck Ja. He would have defrauded Bryan Loyer for work done & was cast 7 July 1737
Cross Iho. He has no property in the Colony, but what he obtain'd by marrying the
Widow Judith Clerke. Joyn'd the Colony
I37e (344)
Lott in Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Savannali Persons Wien arrived felld fenced cleard planted Occupation deserted Since
210 Davis Ei. 0
139 Dean Ja. junr, 16 Dec. 1733 1
86 Desborough Jo.
Senr. 29 Aug. 1733 ^
87 _Jo.
junr. 29 Aug. 1733 2
Dester Pet. 173^
170 Douglass david 0
0 0
1 1
dead Jany.
4 Carpenter
210 Davis Ei. In I738 was an Inmate on lot l44. joynd the Colony, or went on Ms own
139 Dean ja. junr. I^nd for defajmation 28 July 1735 & cast in debt to Ei. Lobb 9 JMy
86 Desborowh Jo. Senr. In debt to the Trustees, May 173?
87 Jo* J ir*
Dester Pet. Went on Ms own Acct. Settled at Hampstead: an industrious Man.
170 Douglass David Went on Ms own Acct. Ms lot was granted 1736. Cast in an action of
50 L for 2 years rent owing to Ja. Muir 7, July 1737.
137f (3^)
Lott in Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
SavsnnaJi Persons When arrived fell*d fenced clear*d planted Occupation deserted Since
Dormer Ja.
Duche Andrew
Budding John
21 Oct. 1733 ^
10 Jan. 1733/^
0 0 0 Potter
180 Elhert Will. 0 0 0 0
78 Emery Pet. 1734 0 0 0 0 Me Pylot
at ICyhee
Ewen Will. 28 Dec. 173^ basket maker,
& Servt. of
the Stores
151 Dormer Ja. Went on his own Acet. In 1737 4e neglected his lot & lived Inmate on
lot 1.
71 Duche Andrew An industrious Man & had encouragement from the Trustees to follow his
business. He joynd the Colony, or went over on his own Acet.
Budding Jo. He went over a Servant to Tho. Causton but not at the Trustees expence:
I know not where or when Settled.
80 Elbert Will. Went over a Servt. to Jos. Wardrope not on the Trustees Acet. This lot
was granted to him in 1736, and is Swamp overflowd.
78 Emery Pet.
Ewen Will.
He joynd the Colony from Carolina., and marrying the Wid. Anne Germain
holds this lot in her right. A very industrious Man; but is now taken
off from cultivating by being in 1739 made Pylot at Tybee.
I know not when or where Settled.
i37e (3^6)
[lOtt in Acres Ac.
Savennali Persons When arrived fell*d fenced
Ac. Ac.
clear*d planted Occupation deserted Since
136 Pallovtfeild Jo. 15 fel). 1733/^ 15
8 Pitzwalter Josph. 1 fe'b.1732/3 2
80 Poster Elisha 17 Dec.1733 0
2 Pox Walter 1 feh. 1732/3 1
97 Prazer Ho^ 29 Aug* 1733 5
Gaindee Davd.
193 Galloway Ja.
136 Pallowfeild Jo. Went on his own Acct. 2d. Bailif of Savannah 1739.
8 Pitzwalter Joseph A Eamhler. Puhlick Gardiner 1736. removed for insufficiency 21 Oct.
80 Poster Elisha
2 Pox Walter
97 Prazer Hugh Pyn*d for retailing Strong liauours agst. law 16. Sept. 173^.
Gaindee David Went on his own acct. or joynd the Colony: when arrived & when & where
Settled know not
abtt 3
Taylor dead Jany.
193 Galloway Ja.
13701 (3^6)
Lott in Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Savannah Persons When arrived felld fenced clear'd planted Occi^ation deserted Since
Garland Geo.
50 Gilbert Eoht. l6 May 1733
Glen Archibld. 1 Aug. 173^
189 Graliain Patr. 0 0
98 _ John 29 Aug. 1733
Grant Andrew 1 Aug. 173^
1 1 Taylor
0 0 Apothecary
k 4 Tanner to Carolina
Jan. 1738/9
Garland Geo. When arrived, when or where Settled I know not, he went not on the
Trustees Acct.
50 Gilbert Bobt. Went on his own Acct. was laade 2. Bailif of Savanah May 1738 but resignd
Glen Archibald Went Servt. at the Charge of Will. & H. Sterling. When & where Settled
I know not
89 Graham Patrick An uncertain Man. refused a grant not intending to cultivate, till 19
May 1736 a grant of 100 acres was past to him. In June 1737 he desired a
five acre lot, & this was given him; but he neglects it & rents Lotts
137. 211. Went at his own eaqpence. He felld cleard & planted 5
acres on Wsrdropes lot 211.
98 Graham Jo. iSJc Pynd for a riot in open Court I6 Sept. 1734
Grant Andrew A grant of 400 acres was made him 18 Oct. 1733 4ut he neglects it &
lives Inmate on lot 170.
137i (3^8)
Lott in. Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
SaTannah Persons Wlien arriTed fell*d fenced cleard planted Occapation deserted Since
158 Green Hen, 5 5
Greenfeild Will. 2 fet. I732/3 trader in
Charles 1 fe'b.1732/3
Gunfleet Tho.
Gardiner, Head l4 Jan, 1733/^ Wearer
Heale Tho.
84 Heinks Eoht. 29 A\3g, 1733 2 2 2 Mercer Jan. 1738/9
158 Green Hen.
_ .
on his own Acct, or joynd the Colony. Convicted of Shooting other
mens hogs for his own use 26 May 1736* 55iis Lot was given him Oct. 173^:
But not Shewn to him till May 1737
Greenfeild Will. Hot known when or where Settled
Cha. Hot knovm when or where Settled
Gunfleet, Tho, Went on his own Acct, or joynd the Colony I know not when, or when or
where Settld.
Gardiner, Head Settled at Skidaway
Heale Tho, Went over at his own expence or joynd the Colony; I know not when, or
when or where he Settled
84 Heinks Eoht. deserted his lot & lived for a time on lot 95.
137j (3^8)
Lott in
Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Persons Iftien arrived Pell*d fenced clear*d planted Occupation deserted Since
Holmes Sami.
Howston Ja. 1 Aug. 173^
66 Hows Eott. 16 May 1733 3
51 Jenkins Edwd. 23 Sept, 1733 2
231 Joutert Pet. 2? Kov. 1735 0
to Engld,
Jan. 1738/9
1 11 Sawyer to England
feTj. 1738/9
5 ^
0 00 Broker Jan. 1738/9
Holmes Sami. Went on his own Acct. 200 i Acres were granted him 18 April 1733- When
arrived or when or where Settled I know not. Cast in a Dekt of I9.II.O
July 1738 and ran to England Jany. 1738/9 very protakly to avoid his
Howston Ja. Went on his own Acct. and had a grant of 500 acres jot Ih Kov. 1733
66 Hows Eokt. Parish Clerk. Stirrenderd his Lott for the use of the Orphan house
51 Jenkins Edwd. 100 acres were granted him 17 May 1733 took them not till .^ril 1737
heing of an uncertain mind, at length he pitched on an Island, where he
Said he would Settle, hut in the mean time held this lot. He went on
his own Acct.
Jouhert ]&et. An idle fellow. He had leave on 16 Jan. 1735/6 to dispose of his Lot,
and take a Grant of 150 Acres, hut I do not find he did. He was absent
Aug. 1738, hut return'd to Sign the Eepresentation for Kegroes and when
that was done went away again; In July 1738 he lived Iiunate on lot 232
137k (350)
Lott in Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Savannah Persons WcLen arrived Fell'd fenced clear'd planted Occupation deserted Since
88 Kelly Jo. 29 Aug. 1733
60 Lacy Sami. 28 feh. 1733/^ ^
Landry Ja. 19 Jen. 1733/^
171 Loyd Hen. 1 feh. 1732/3
149 Loyer Tho. 12 Mar. 1733/^ 5
173 lyndal John 8 May 173^ 5|
Stocking To Carolina
weaver 6 feh. 1738/9
Mastr. of a
Victualler to Carolina
Jan. 1738/9
hook keeper
88 Kelly Jo. He had this Lot aht. feh. 1733/4 which is Swamp overflow'd. He lived
Some time an Inmate on lot 123 before he went away.
60 Lacy Sami. I Si;?pose joyn'd the Colony. Master of a pettiagua, generally ahst. &
neglects his lot.
Landry Ja.
171 Loyd Hen.
149 Loyer Tho.
173 Lyndal Jo.
Settled at Highgate & very industrious, went on the charity
Went Servt. to Will. Cox & bought out his time. 2 Dec. 173^ he had
licence to keep a publick house. He went to Carolina to get work
An industrious Man, thoroughly cultivated his 5 acre lot in 1738/9.
I Si:^po8e joynd the Colony. Made Pyndar 1739*
137-1* (350)
Lott in
Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Persons When arrived fell*d fenced cleard planted Occupation deserted Since
Maranld Steven aht.Dec.1735 0
Manly Will 1 April 173^ 0
Mathews Jacob 0
Mellichamp Ei. 21 Oct. 173^ 0
Meers Will.
Senr. 15 Jtme 1734 4
Mercer Sami. 29 Aug. 1733 5
0 0 0
0 0 0
to Carolina
Jany. 1738/9
to Carolina
Jany. 1738/9
0 0 0
0 0 0 Jan. 1738/9
4 4 Sawyer
5 5 Tanner
Maranld Steven His lot SwaH^ overflowd & cultivated nothing. I Suppose joynd the
Manly V7ill Hever cultivated. Went at his own expence or joynd the Colony
Mathews Jacob joynd the Colony: he marry*d the Wid. Mungrove & lives wth. her at the
Mellichamp Hi. lives mostly abroad
Meers Will,
Senr. a disbanded Soldier.
Mercer Sami. He neglects his own lot and lives on lot 38 being his 2d. wifes the
Widow of Samuel Parker whom he marryd 6 May 173^' also in 173^ took
to Some land in the Country, tho he has no grant of it. He was a Rioter
in open Court 20 Oct. 1737, but being an industrious man was made 2d,
Constable 24 Oct. I738.
137m (352)
Lott in Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Savannah Persons fa.en arrived fell'd fenced clear'd planted Occxroation deserted Since
M.ller Jo.
Monford Steven 173^
Morel Pierce 1734
Moulton Hen. 1 feh. 1732/3 0 0
M-uyr Ja. 1 feh. 1732/3 3 0
Ormstone Tho. aht, 173^
12 12
12 12
0 0
0 0 Peruke maker g to Caro
lina 1739
and / Sept.
Miller Jo. Settled at Augusta. Went over on his Own Acct. or joynd the Colony, hut
when I know not.
Monford Steven Settled at Highgate joynd the Colony. Mariyd the wid. of Paul Ruviere
who / 2 Sept. 1734
Morel Peter Settled at Highgate. joyn'd the Colony. Went on his own Acct.
143 Motilton Hen. Went at his own esspence or joyn'd the Colony. He marry'd Prances Widow
of Loyd Gihhons, & this lot goes at his death to Mary Gihhons his datighter
in law. He neglects it & lives Inmate on Lot IO9.
18 Muyr Ja. Possest of his lot 21 Dec. 1733. He marry'd Mary Woodman 29 Dec. 1734.
Cultivated no land, and had lycence to keep a puhlick house 3 Dec. I736.
Ormston Tho. A grant of 200 Acres was past to him 3I March 173^. lives Inmate on lot
137n (352)
Lott in
Savannaii Persons
120 Papot Ja.
Ill Parker Hen.
114 _ Will.
93 Samel
15 Penrose Jo.
120 Papot Ja.
Ill Parker Hen,
ll4 Parker Will.
93 Parker Sami.
15 Penrose Jo.
Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
^^hen arrived fell'd fenced clear'd planted 0ccT:5)ation deserted Since
29 Axig. 1733 1 1
29 Ang. 1733 17 5 17
29 Aug, 1733 0 0 0
1 feb, 1732/3 000
1 feb, 1732/3 000
0 Carpenter
15 linnen draper
0 Silver Smith
0 Smith. to Carolina
Jany. 1738/9
0 husbandman
marry'd to 2d wife Jane Robe to Jan. 173^/5 In. I738 he only fell'd &
cleared one acre & Since neglected it.
Removed from the Office of 1 Bailif 20 June 1739 for drunkenness, debas
ing the character of a Magistrate & forwarding by his example the Repre
sentation for Hegroes sgst. the use of which there is a law. He has
possest himself of lands in the Country for which he has no grant. He
neglects his own lot and lives Inmate on the Widow Coopers Ho. 20: but
she complains he keeps back her rent.
Neglects his own lot, & rents his br. Henry's.
Son of Sami. Parker who / 20 July 1733- he went to Carolina for Work.
Pyn'd thrice for rete.iling Spirituous liquours without Licence, and twice
for assault & defamation. His wife fined for the Same and keeping a
bawdy house 26 May I736. yet he got licence to keep a publick house
2 dec. 1736. his lot Swanq> overflow'd.
137-0 (35^)
Lott in Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Savannali Persons When arrived fell*d fenced clear'd planted Occupation deserted Since
176 Eae Jo. 8 May 173^ 0 0
Rogers Ei.
Eowviere Simon I6 Deo. 1733
68 Salter Tho.
39 Seillier Jo.
40 Smith, Ja.
228 __ Jo.
17 Dec, 1733 2 2
aht. 173^/5 3 0
27 Jan. 1733/^ 0 0
Dec. 1735 6 0
0 0 Mastr. of
Sc. hoat
2 0 Bricklayer
2 0 a Swiss
0 0
0 0
176 Eae Jo. I Supposed joyn'd the Colony
Rogers El. Went over on his own Acct. or joyn'd the Colony, hut when or where
Settled I know not.
Eouviere Simon His lot at Highgate. a minor, lives wth. his father in law Stephen
68 Salter fho. Went on his own Acct. A riotor in open Court 20 Oct. I737
39 Seillier Jo. Game from Puryshurg. has no lot of his own hut lives on the widow
fhehautr whom he marry'd.
40 Smith Ja. Went on his own Acct. or joynd the Colony, has no lot of his own hut
lives on the Widow Close's, whom he marry'd 8 feh. 1733/^*
228 Jo. Went on his own Acct.
137P (35^)
Lott in Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
Savsnnali Persons When arrived fell'd fenced cleej'd planted Occupation deserted Since
132 Snook David I6 Dec. 1733 5 5 Baker
Stamen Lewis
21 Stanly Joseph 1 feh. 1732-3 4 4 4 Stocking maker
Starfitchet Will,
Sterling Will. 1 Atig. 173^ Gent.
207 Stewart Donald 10 Jan. 1735/6 0 0 0 0 Mariner
Stonehewer Jo. peruke maker to Sngld.
132 Snook, david In 9 April 1737 found guilty of dealing wth. Servants, in I736 he had
leave to Sell his Lot, hut it Seems did not
Stamen Lewis Whence he came or when ore where Settled I know not.
21 Stanly Joseph Possest of his lot 21 Dec. 1733 Sis wife the puhlick Midwife; She
return'd to England to ly in Oct. 1736.
Starfitchet Will, Whence he came or when or where Settled I know not.
Sterling Will, Went on his own Acct. This man Sent an invective letter agst. the
Trustees reed. 7 Oct, 1735* Was fyn'd for assault 7 July 1737* Cast in
a Suit for wages due to an indented Servant, On l4 Nov. 1733 he had a
grant of 500 acres. In mate on lot 19
207 Stewart Donald Went on his own Acct. Fyn'd 22 Aug. 1737 for Setting up a fence on
another mans Lot
Stonehewer Jo. Settled at Skidaway. He had leave to part with his lot and return to
I37t (356)
Lott in
Savannah Persons When arrived
Tailfer Patrick 1 Aug, 173^
Acres Ac, Ac.
felld fenced cleard planted Occupation deserted Since
Surgeon to S0w-esk
217 Teasdale Jo, l6 Dec, 1733 0 9
15^1- Terien Steven 0 0
28 Tihbet Tho. l6 May 1733
17 Townsend Ddwd. 8 feT), 1733/^ 3 3
156 Tripp Tho. 28 Jan. 173^/5 0 0
216 Walker Andrew 21 Aug, 173^ 5
0 Taylor
0 Sawyer to Carolina
Jany. 1738/9
3 Dec. 1738
0 Carpenter
5 hus'bandman to Carolina
Jan. 1738/9
Tailfer Patrick Went at his own charge & hs-d a grant of 500 acres 18 Oct. 1733*
quitted it to practice his profession in Savannah town, A proud Sawcy
fellow, and Ring leader for Negroes, and change of Tenures.
217 Teasdale Jo. First Settled at Port Arguile. has no lot of his own hut lives on the
Widow Crosss whom he marryd in 1738. This lot is Swamp overflowd.
15^1- Terian, Steven Went on his Acct, When arrived I know not.
28 Tihhet, Tho. In possession of this lot 21 Dec. 1733- for assaulting an Officer
on duty 1. June 1734. A Roving fellow and generally absent in Carolina.
17 Townsend Edwd. Went of his own expence or joynd the Colony, had no lot of his own, hut
lived on his wifes the Widow Hodges whom he marryd 22 feh. 1734/5*
Pynd for assault 28 July 1735- Had a licence to keep a vict'-oally house
which was recalld 2. Dec, 1736.
156 Tripp Tho.
216 Walker Andrew
137r (356)
Werdrope Jos. 21 Aag. 173^ 5
Ward Sami. 14 Jaa. 1733/4
Wattel Tho.
Watts Jacot l6 May 1733
Williams Eolit.
Sear- 30
_Ja. 1736 0
Woodrofe Will. 0
5 5
Eopemaker to Engld. 1739
30 30 Merch-t.
0 0 Merch-t.
to Engld- 1739
0 0 0 haberdaslier
of small
Wardrope Joseph Went at his own charge, & had a grant of 150 acres 30 Jan. 1733/^*
Eioter in open Court 20 Oct. 1737- In 1738 he/Sat this town lot to
Patrick Graham who off of 5 acres had 20 hushells of Indian corn, 10 of
potatoes & 100 of Eice.
Ward Sami. Settled at Skidaway
Wattel Tho. Was a Servant but at whose expence he went over; became a Landholder at
Abercorn, which he left 1737. he loarryd the widow Frances Smith of
Skidaway & lived there
Watts Jacob Settled first at Fort Arguile, then Inmate at Savannah
Williams Eobt.
Senr. 2e bad a grant of 500 acres 11 May I733 & went from Bristol at his own
charge. He Set on foot the Eepresentation for change of Tenure and^
admission of Eegroes, that he might furnish the Colony with Negroes ia
& get the peoples Lands into his ovrn hands.
Williams Ja. of Bristol & younger brother to Eobert- he had this lot in 1736, and
was a Trader to the West Indies beforeWoodrofe Will. Went at his own expence. He had a grant of 50 acres 24 July 1735, & this
lot was given him in I736. He neglects both & lives an Inmate on lot 9*
He has a Warehouse well furnished.
137s (358)
Lott in Acres Ac. Ac. Ac.
S&vennaii Persons When errived fell'd fenced clear'd planted Occupation when departed
Young Isaac
195 - Isaac,
his Son
.. John
another Son
200 __ Thomas
another Son
26 _ Thomas
21 Aug. 1736
21 Aug. 1736 0
21 Aug. 1736
21 Aug. 1736 0
1 feh. 1732/3 5
0 0 0
0 0 0
5 5 Wheelright
Young Isaac
Senr. He had a grant of 100 Acres 2 June 1736, and went at his own easpence.
On 4 May 1737 he con5)laln'd he had no land, which was his own fault as
Mr. Causton wrote word. At last he chose it at Pipe Makers Creek, hut
conplaln'd he could get hut 50 acres.
195 Isaac.
his Son. this lot was granted him in April 1737* Went at his fathers esipence.
______ John.
another Son. Went at his fa,thers expence. I know not where Settled.
700 Thomas
another Son. A minor, went at his fathers expence, who having no town lot of his own
lives here with his Son.
26 Young Tho. Possest of his lot 21 Dec. 1733* which he f let to Will. Brownjohn
I37t (359)
Freeholders of Savannah town Sent at the lErustees charge .... 36
Do. of Savannah tovm not Sent at the Trustees charge . . 44
- 80
Settlers out of the Town Sent at the Trustees Charge.7
Do. out of the Town not Sent at the Trustees charge .... 11
- 18
Subscribers not known to he Freeholders. 21
The Freeholders of Savannah tom Subscribers of the Eepresentation, had
by all tha,t yet appears, cultivated & planted from their Settling to the
year 1738 more than the following number of Acres.
Freeholders Acres planted
2 planted each 15.30
1 .12
11 each 5.55
5 each
2 each
3. 6
2 each 2^.5
2 ea.ch 3.^
each 1.5
138 (363)
Hovr, 12
Dec: 4
Do. Mary natural Daug: of Mr, Bradleys Son and Servt,
Buried Mary Benskin Aged 23
33o, Bliz: Bishop Daugh: of Philip and Eliz: Bishop agd. 12
Do. Ann Marks Wife of Hugh Marks Ship Carpenter Agd. 2?
Baptized Maria Christ: Eliz: Daug: of Ih and Cath: Eliz:
Buried John Morent Servant of Marks Aged 2?.
Do. ArchlBald Tower Drown Son of John and Brown Planter
Martied George Garlent and Elean Peters, after Been thrice
puBlished in Church.
I am with dutifull Respects to the Hon: Trustees
Your very humBle Servt.
Will ilorris
(368) 3d Jaay. I738/9 Petition of the Settlers & Freeholders at
Darien against the introducing Negroes into
We are informed that our lleighBours of Savannah have petitioned your
Excellency for the liberty of having Slaves: We hope & earnestly
intreat, that Before Such proposals are kKax3k hearken'd to, your
Excellency will consider our Situation, and of what dangerous & Bad
consequence Such liberty would Be of to us for many reasons.
139 (368)
1. The nearness of the Spaniard, v;ho have proclaimed freedome to all
Slaves vrho run B.way from their Masters, makes it impossible for us
to keep them, without more labour in guarding them than what v;e
would be at to do their work.
2. We are laborious, & know a white man may be by the year more use
fully employed than a Negroe.
3. We are not rich, and becoming debtors for Slaves in case of their
running or d^fing, woiild inevitably ruin the poor Master, and
he become a greater Sl8.ve to the Hegroe Merchants, than the Slave
he bought could be to him.
4. It would oblige us to keep a gioard duty at least as Severe as when
we escpected a daily invasion: and if that was the case, how miser
able woiild it be to us & our wives & families, to have one Enemy
without, and a more dangerous one in our bosom.
5. It is Shocking to human nature, ths,t any race of Mankind and
their Posterity, Should be Sentenc'd to perpetual Slavery, nor in
Justice can ^ we think otherwise of it, tiian that they are thrown
amongst us to be our Scourge one day or other for our Sins: and as
freedome to them must be as dear as to us, what a Scene of horrour
must it bring aboutJ and the longer it is -un-executed, the bloody
Scene must be the grea.ter.
We therefore for our own Sake, our wives & children, & oui Posterity,
beg your consideration, and intreat, that instead of introducing Slaves,
you will put us in the v/ay to get us Some of our Countrymen, who with
140 (368)
their lahoiir in time of Peace, and onr vigilance if we are invaded,
with the help of those, will render it a difficult thing to h^lrt us, or
tha.t part (369) of the Province v^hich we possess. We will ever pray for
your Excelency, and axe with all Submission
Yr. Excellencys most obliged humble Servts.
New Inverness formerly
named Darien 3*
Jo, Cuthbert

John Mackintosh - Moore
John Mackintosh - Linvilge
John Mackentosh - Son to L.
John Mackintosh - Bain
James Mackay
Archibald McBain, his maxk A M B
Eanold MxSbxk McDonald
John McDonald
John Macklean
Jos. Burges Ms mark
Donald Clark
Alexr. Clark
Donald Clark
Donald Clark
Hugh Morrison
Alexr. Munro
Son to the above
Third his mark X
his mark H M
Will Munro
1-^1 (376)
At the Camp on St. Simons 16 Jany, 1738-9
I wrote to you Several letters with the State of the Province,
there is nothiixg Since slter*d. The Accts. at Savannah Mr, Jones
writes me go on tsx very Slowly, and that Mr, Gauston Seems to avoid
the finishing them. His hehavious is very extraordinary; I wait for
your orders what to do; He is \mder Bail, and I delivered him yotirs tha,t
he mi^t maJce his defence.
At Savannah they have fallen upon the old es^edient of making a
hustle, in order to make a pretence for new e3q)ences, hoping that I
would court them, and give them more allowances to quiet them; But the
Trustees are in no condition to do it, and therefore I would not, for
Surely they can now maintain themselves, the Sick, the Orphans, the
Servants, and puhlick Officers excepted.
After many consults.tions what clamour to make, they at last fell
upon a petition for Negroes, end to have their lands in Pee Simple,
The Acct. I heard is that Mr. Williams a Mercht. who has grants from
the Trust of 1500 acres of land, in the names of himself & relations
on the Eiver Savannah, promised Some of them to let them have Negroes,
if they could Sell or morgage their lands to him for them.
This was a bait for all those to Sign, who think if they can get
but a Credit, never care how they can pay. Others Signd because they
were angry that Ilr. Causton was turned out, and that they could not
have whatever they plea,sed to ask for out of the Store. Others because
they had run out all they had, haci let their Servants to hire, and Spent
what they got bj)- their work in Taverns, fancy that if they get a new
142 (376)
^at SavsiinaJa
credit for Negroes, they may live upon their lahour, as they did upon
the Servants. Mr, Williams promises he will go over and Sollicit the
petition, This may turn to his advantage as a Negroe Mercht, But all
the lahouring poor v;hite Men will he Starved hy it;
And indeed, if Negroes could he allovfd, this Colony must he
immediatly destroyed, for it would he impossible to prevent them
deserting to the Spaniards our near Heighhours, who give freedom. Land,
& protection to all run-away Negroes.
Besides which, all the lanes in the Colony will he very Soon in
that Negroe Merchants hands who f-urnishes them.
They would pretend that there might he Some limitation in
numbers: hut Limita-tions cannot he put in uractice, as ezperience has
proved in other Coimtries,
And where ever Negroes are, tho never so few, the white Men grov/
idle: and I believe the idleness of the town of Savannah is chiefly
owing to their Seeing the Negroes in Carolina, as the Industry of the
Southern division of the Province, who are further removed from them,
The People of Darien have petitiond against Negroes, and I
heard that the people of Prederica intend to do the Same.
Mr. Williams is the gentleman in whose behalf I Spoke to the
Trustees to ha,ve the liberty to leave his lands hy Will, and other
Priviledges; and is he whose Servants Mr. Causton employed in building
the Port, and making a great road without order, which put the
Trxxstees to very great (377) expences here, and Mr. Williams Says there
is Still a great debt due to him hy the Trustees, I Suppose partly
143 (377)
on that account.
To the Honhe.
Yr. most ohedt. humhe. Servant
the Trustees
James Oglethorp
At the Camp at St. Simons 1? Jany, 1738-9
I have wrote already a letter upon the head of Negroes, & Shall
only add, that if We allow Slaves, we as act against the very Principles
hy which we associated togdther, which was to relieve the distressed:
Wliereas, Now we Should occasion the misery of thousands in Africa, by
Setting Men upon using Arts to buy and bring into perpetual Slavery
the poor people who now live free there.
Instead of Strengthning, we Should weaken the Frontiers of
America: Give away to the Owners of Slaves tha.t land which was designd
as a Refuge to persecuted Protestants:
Prevent all Inprovments of Silk & Wine;
And glut the Markets with snore of the present American Comodities,
which do already but too much interfere with the English produce.
I am persuaded therefore you will Speedilj reject the petition; and
as Soon as your resolution is known, the Idle v/ill leave the Province,
and the Industrious will fall to work. Many of whom wait till they See
the Event of this Application.
I have advanc'd a pretty deal of Money for provisions and other
essences for the Sei-vice of the Province. I have Sent over an Acct. of
144 (380)
whpt I gave the Indians. I hpve also laid out money for assisting the
poor, the Widows & the Orphans: Supporting the boats that keep up the
Correspondence: The Cattle hunters who take care of the Trustees
heards, and the Trustees Servants.
I Suppose before you recieve this, the Parliamt. will have de
cided what they will do in respect to the Colony; I Shall therefore Say
nothing further on that head. But that I hope you will first psy the
certified Accompts; And then, if you approve of the esqjences I have
made, that you will order it to be re-imburs'd. Any remittance as fax
as 50 Tun in the Strong Beer which Mr. Hucks brews, will be better than
b I have agreed for building a Chxirch or Chappel of 60 foot long,
by 20 foot wide. It is alrea,dy framed, the bricks are burnt, and they
will very soon go on with the building.
I long to hear from you, and hope you will believe me to be
Yr. most obedt. humbe. Servant
Ja. Oglethorp
^ 3C
Mr. Tho. Jones'sSince my xirriting this, I have reed, the enclosed from Savannah: wch.
letter to him
concerning is a pamphlet of a very extroardy. natxire, the drift of which is, to
Causton dat.
l4 Jan. 1738/9 have the lands they held upon lease turned into Fee Sinple, and to have
The anonimous the power of Selling their lands tho Settled on their children, and
letter to Mr.
Oglethorp Sup- thereby defraud their own Offspring; and they threaten me wth. danger
posed to be
framed by Mr. if I (381) Should oppose this Scheme and the introducing of Negroes:
Hugh Anderson
which paji5)hlet or letter was dropt in the Street, as mentioned by
Mr, Jones.
1^5 (381)
I hope the Trustees will take the advice of the Sollicr, &
Attorney Genl. of what is to he done with Ca.uston.
depositions that (388)
'/hite Servants
;re able to work
Ln the heat of
Sumer in Georgia,
Dade in opposition
bo the Savannah
Remonstrance in
)ehalf of using
Eecd. 19 Aprl,
Eie Deposition of Mr, Hugh Mackay, taken hy Francis Moore
Eecorder of Frederica in Georgia, 19 Jsny. I738-9
This Deponent declares upon Oath, that he had the charge of 17
Trust Servants of the Trustees of Georgia, for the term of two
years: end that during the Said term of two years, the Said
1739 Servants work'd very hard, and that they never lay hy in Summer
hy reason of the heat of the Weather. That they the last Sumer
worked in the open air and Sun, in falling trees, cross cutting
and Splitting timber, and carrying it on their Shoulders when
Split from the Woods to the Camp. And in building houses for
the Kings troops. And this Deponent further Says, tha.t the
Said Servants workd willingly and cheerfully, & continued in
good health, and that the Said labour did not occasion any
illness among them. And that when he left them about eight days
ago, they were then in good health, excepting One who was
drownd by accident.
Sworn before me at the Camp on
St. Simons in Georgia, the day & Hugh Mackay
year above written
Fra. Moore
I45a (384)
Charge of the Trustees Servants at Amelia, from Hovbr. 1738 'to ^ovhr. 1739
Tor the Servants at Amelia
Currency Sterling meat Corn
pounds Bushlf
A Surveyor
10 Servants
20 Servants
Gratification to one of the most trusty Servants p, ann.
Do. to each of 7 of the "best Servants ann.
Tohacko, a as a. gratification
Cloathing for 28 Men Servants _ ann.
Do. 2 Women Servants ann.
7 pd. of course "brown thread. Such as they Sow Osnahrugs with.
8 2^ month
l4 ^0.
12 2. do.
200 Needles, 100 pds. of "butter: 100 pds. of Sugar*,
200 pds. of Dice,
All Spice or ginger 6 pds.
l45b (384)
Sent ty Col. Oglethorp 18 Jsny. 1738-9, & received 29 April 1739
Beef Bonnets
or Mo- To- Blsn- Os- Tar- or
Bread_Cheese lossus tgcho!_kets_nahru^e_tan_Shoes_CaPPS_
ponnds potuids Gallns. pounds Bo, yards yards pairs Bo,
182 Sfift
28 280 224 84 28
2 20 16 6 4 yd. linnen
for Capps
146 (388)
The Deposition of Lieut. Esymond Demaxe, taken Ly Francis Moore
Hecorder of Frederica in Georgia 19 Jsny. 1738-9
This Deponent Says, tha.t he arrived here the 1. day of June 1738, vith
a detachment of the Regiment: and continued v/ith the same to the
arrival of the 2d Detachment in SeptLr. last; And tha.t all the Soldiers
that came over with him were in their turns employd to work in the Sun
& Air, in building butts, hurning lime, carrying Clap-hoards, and going
into the water up to their necks to unload boats. And that they usuallir
workd from 5 in the morning till between 11 & 12; and began again
half an hour after, and work'd till night. And Some a.lso workd in
clearing the groixad from roots of trees See for a parade. And during
all the Said term, the Men continued very healthy, not one Man dying,
except one old Man who came Sick on board at Giberaltar, and who never
work'd. This Depont. Says, tha,t during the whole time, he never knew
any man desire to be excused from labour on Acet. of the heat, and that
the Recruits who came from England v;ere more enroloyed, than the Old
Men who came from Gibraltar. This Deponent further Says, that he was
10 years with my Ld. Harrington in Suain, and tha-t he often felt the
weather hotter -there than in Georgia. And that the Servants in Spain,
perform all the Works of Husbandry, without the assistance of any Kind
of Hegroes.
Sworn before me the day and
year above written
Fra. Moore
147 (389)
The Deposition of Lieut, George Dunh?>.r, taken upon the Holy Evangelists
before the Eecordr, of the To^m of Trederica, the 20 Jany. 1738-9
Tlais Deponent Says that he arrived in Georgia the beginning of June
last, with the first Detachment of Genl. Oglethorps Regiment; and from
that time till about the beginning of August, all the Carpenters of
the Said Three Coii5>anies, and a certain number of other Soldiers, were
employ'd in building gsi Clap-board hutts for the Said Coitrpanies; and
the other Soldiers were ei!5)loyed in unloading Vessels and boats loaded
with Clap-boards, and other necessaries for building, and provisions
of different kinds often up to their necks in water; they were also
employ'd in carrying the Clap boards &c upon their backs to the Camp,
in clearing ground from roots of trees &c for a Parade, )S bvirning the
Wood & rubbish upon it, carrying of bricks, and burning lime. And the
Artists who wafir were excused from these Works, wrought at their own
trades without Standing Still by reason of heat. The hours of labour
were from day ligjit till between 11 & 12; & from between 1 & 2, and
Sometimes between 2 & 3 till dark. All that time, the Hen Icept So
healthy, that often no Man in the CaiDp ailed in the least, and none
died, except one Man who cane Sick on board, and never work'd at all.
Nor did I hear that any of the Men ever made the heat a pretence for
not working.
And this deponent further Says tha-t he has been often in America, and
frequently heard, that in the Negroe Colonies, the hire of white Men
is more than that of Negroes. And this deponent knows th^t in South
Carolina White Ship Carpenters & Caulkers have about one third more
wages than a Negroe of the Same trade or proffession; this Deponent
148 (389)
having often paid wages to "both; And also knows there is the afore
said difference in many handicrafts, and verily helieves it is So in
all: And affirms, that the Same is owing to the White Men exceeding
the Negroes in the Same proffessions, "both in quantity and quality of
their Work.
Sworn hefore me the day
and year above written
Fra. Moore
(392) Deposition taken upon Oath of the holy Evangelists, before
Francis Moore Eecordr, of Frederica, in Georgia.
The Deponent Says, that he planted three Crops in Georgia, & verily
believes that a V/hite Servant may in Six months of the year, after
land is cleared, raise as much corn, pease, potatoes, pompions &xjs &c
as will be more than Sufficient for his provisions & cloathing; and in
the other Six months, may be enployed on lumber, at which by tlais
deponents eaperience a White Servant can at least earn tv;o Shillings
Sterlg. p diem; also that hogs. Cattle, & poultry, if taken care of,
increase at a great rate, & with little expence.
Sworn before me the l4 John Cuthbert
day of Feby. 1738-9
Francis Moore
149 (394)
A Letter of the Saltjjhurghers to His Excellency General Oglethorpe
translated in the English.
Ehenezer March 13th 1738/9-
We Saltjlhtir^ers and Inhabitants at Ehenezer, that have signed this
Letter, intreat humbly in our aiid our Brethren's name your Excellency
would be pleased to shew us the favour of desiring tne Hono-urable
Trustees for sending to Georgia another Transport of Saltzburgers to be
settled at Ehenezer. We have with one Accord wrote a Letter to our
Father in God the Reverend Mr. Senior Urlsperger at Augsp\irg and in
that Letter Expressly named those Saltzburghers and Austrians, whom as
our Friends, Relations and Countrymen we wish to see settled here. We
can indeed attest of them, that they fear the Lord truly, love working
and will conform themselves to our Congregation. We have given them an
Account of our being settled well, and being mighty well pleased with
the Climate and Condition of this Co'untry having here several Preferences
in Spiritual and Temporal Circumstances for other people in Germany,
which your Honour will find in the here inclosed Copy of our Letter to
I'lr. Senior Urlsperger If they fare as we do, having been provided in
the Beginning with Provisions a little Stock for Breed, some Tools and
good Land by the Care of the Honourable Trustees, and if God grants his
Blessing to their Work, we doubt not, but they will gain with us easely
their Brea-d and Subsistence and lead a c[uiet and peaceable life in all
Godliness and Honesty. Tho it is here a hotter season than our native
Country is yet not so extreamly hott, (395) s-s we are told in the first
time of our Arrival, but since we have been now used to the Country we
150 095)
find it tolerable & for working people very convenient, setting them
selves to work early in the morning till ten o*Clock and in the After
noon from 3 to Sim sett and having Business at home we do them in oux
Eutts and Houses in the Middle of the day till the greatest heat is
over. People in Germany are hindred hy Frost and Snow in the Winter
from doing any Work in the Fields and Vineyards, hut we have this
Preference to do the most and heaviest Work at such a time preparing
the Ground sufficiently for Planting in the Spring. We are told hy
several people after our Arrival that it proves qmte inpossihle and
Dangerous for White People to plant and Manufacture any Eice, being a
Work only for Hegroes, not for European people, hut having Experience
of the Congregation we laugh at such a Tale seeing that several people
of us have had in last Harvest a greater Crop of Eice, than they
wanted for their own Consumption. If God is pleased to inshle us hy
some Money for building such Mills convenient for cleaning the Eice,
as we use in Germany for making several Grains fit for eating, then the
Manufacture of Eice will he an easy and Profitable Thing. For the
present we crave yoior Excellencys Goodsness to allow for the Use of
the whole Congregation some Eice Sieves of several sorts from Chanles
Toto, which cannot he had at Savannah. We will he accountable to the
Store for them. Of Com Pease Potatoes Pomkins Cahhitch &c we had such
a good Quantity tha,t many Bushles are sold, and much was spent in
feeding Cows, Calves & Hoggs. If the Siixveyor according to his Order
and Duty had used dispatch in laying out oux (396) Earns which we have
got not sooner than last Fall item, if not we all were disappointed hy
long sicknesses and planting the yellow Pensylvania Corn lire v^ould
151 (396)
iiave Deer, aisle oy the Blessing of G-od to spare a greater Quantity of
Grain for getting meat kind and Cloathes of which we are in Vfent. It
is true that 2 Acres of Ground for each Tamily's Garden are sett out
some time ago; hut being there very few Swaiops fit for planting of Rice
and some part of them wanting a good deal of Dung we were not able in
the Beginning to Bung it well, therefore we could not make su6h a
good Use of those Acres, as we now have reason to hope by the Assistance
of God after our Plantations are laid out: hence it will be that we
plant the good Ground first and improve the Other soil then, when
Occasion will require it in the best Manner we can. In the first time,
when the Ground must be cleared from Trees, Bushes and Roots and f enced
in carefully, we are to undergo some hard La.bo^3r, which afterwards will
be the eanier and more pleasing when the hardest Trial is over, and our
Plantations are better regulated. A good Beal of time was Spent in
building Hutts Houses and other necessary Buildings in Town and upon
the Farms, and since we wanted money for several Ejcpences; several
Persons of us hired themselves out for some Weeks for Building the
Orphan House and its Appurtenances, item the Reverend Mr. GronB,us
House which happened to be built in the hottest Summer season, and now
some of us are inployed to build the Revd. Mr. Bolzius House, which
buildings have taken 8.way some time from oin* Work in the Ground, but
(397) but the fair Opportunity of earning some Money at ksrax home was
a great Benefit to us. This now being so, that neither the hot Sttmmer
Season nor 8,ny thing else hinders us from Work idc in the Ground, and we
wish to lead a quiet and Peaceable Life at our Place, we humbly beseech
The Honourable Trustees not to allow it, that a,i]y Hegroe might be
152 (397)
brought to our Place or in our Neighbourhood Knowing by Experience
that Houses end Gardens will be robbed allways by them and white people
are in danger of Life because of them, besides other great Incon
veniences Likewise we humbly beseech you and the Trustees not to allow
to any Person the liberty of bijying up Lands on o\ir Place by which, if
granted, it would happen that by bad and t\irbialent Neighbours our Con
gregation jEsadcfaca woiold be ypgint spoilt, and poor harmless people
troubled and oppressed but we wish and long for such Neighbours, to be
settled here whose good Name and honest Bens.viour is known to us and
our Favourers. The Honourable Trustees have been always Favourers and
Protectors of Poor and distressed People, Wherefore we beseech You and
them, they would be pleased to take us further under their Fatherly
Care tioat the Pemembrance of their Benevolence and Kindness to otir
Congregation mij^t be conveyed to our late Posterity and be highly
Praised. We put up our Prayers to God for rewarding your Excellency
and the Konotirable Trustees manyfold for all their good Assistance and
Benefits, which are bestowed upon us and beg humbly the Continuance of
Your and their Favour and Protection being with the Greatest Submission
and Respect
Youi Honours (398) most Obedient
dutyfull Servants
Inhabitants at Ebenezer Gabriel Maurer John Matirer George
Kogler Paulus Zittrauer Peter Reuter Stephen Rottenberger
Ambrosy Zuble John Jacob Zubli Christophr. Ortmann Ruprecht
Kalcher Leonhard Banner Christian Riedelsperger Fridrich Willhelm
Holier Martin Hertzog Christian Eessler John Plotter gyanr-fc
153 (398)
Frpixtz Sigismund John Hernherger George Bruckner Carl Sigismund
Ott. Matthias Zettler Euprecht Eischterger John Peter Arnsdorff
Bsrtholomeus Eieser Bartholomew Gant Thomas Gschv.andel Simon Eeiter
Matthias Brandner Christian Leimherger Martin Lackner Euprecht
Steiner Veit Lemmonhoffer John and Carl Eisiaxisk Floerel Euprecht
Zimmermann Simon Steiner George Schwaiger John Schmidt Leonhard
Crause Peter Gruber Jacob Schartner Joseph Leitner John Com
berger Andreas Grimmiger Mathias Burgsteiner Veit Landfelder
Joseph Ernst John Michel Eieser Thomas Pichler John Spielbiegher.
50 in all. We ministers of the Congregation at
Ebenezer joyn with the Sgltzburghers
in this Petition and rerify that every
one of them has signed it with the
greatest Eesdiness and Satisfaction
John Martin Bolzius
Isra,el Christian Gronau
(402) Copy of a Letter from The Eevd. Mr. John Martin Bolziua to Mr.
Verelst dated at Ebenezer March l4th 1738/9
Lear Sir
I took the 6th of November last the Liberty of beseeching the
Honorble. the Trustees both for Some Subsistance tow'ards o-ur Orphan
House as for a generous Gift of 2 Dutch Families who are imployed to be
Cowherdsmen over the Saltzburghers Cattle given us by His Excellency
15^ (402)
G-enersl Oglethorpe till the Trusteess Approbation which humble Petition
I doubt not will be tsken in good part by their Honours. Duty
obliges me now to give them a Humble Accot. of the Condition of the
Saltzburghers & how far they have proceeded in their Labour in in the
Ground last Year His Excellency Genl. Oglethorpe ordered anew after
his Safe arrival the Surveyor Ross to lay out our Farms at Abricon
Creek tv;o Miles below our Place, which he had neglected by reason of
his own Interest, leaving untouched the very good Ground dov/n the River,
where is abundance of thick Canes Thorns Bushes & Swanks; a great
deal more difficult to run it out tlian open pine Land I could Wish the
Saltzburghers were Settled last Soring upon this very fruitfull ^sland,
and then I would ha.ve tne Ssddt Satisfaction of acquainting you with a
larger Crop of Several Country Grain than we had last Yr. at our Place
However God be praised who has graciously given them such a Harvest
that they was able not ohly to maintain themselves hitherto but some of
the People could fell a good Quantity of Corn Peas Potatoes & some
Bushles of Rice too. We had at least at our Place by the meer Blessing
of God 1,104 Bushl, of Corn 429 Bushl, of Indian Peas 518 Bushl.
Potatoes 398 Buslil. rough Rice a s great many Poml'cins Cabbage and
other Garden Stuff and if not disappointed by the Yellow Pensilvinia
Corn v;hich was Strongly recommended us for planting we would have ha.d
a larger Produce I cannot forbear to mention to the Praise of Mercifull
and Almighty God, that the People which ere inrployed by me for the Sake
of our Orphan House have brought in a Crop of about 100 Bushls. of Corn
4 (403) Bushl. Peas 30 Bushl. Roi:^h Rice & a great many Potatoes
besides several sorts of Garden Stuffs Which tho not sufficient for
155 ^03)
maintaining ovu: Orphans & the imployed People, but is s very good
Blessing of Heaven which encourages ovu: hope very much to be endov;ed
in time to come with the same Blessings in our weak endeavours If the
Honourable Trustees and other Benefactions would be pleased to contri
bute some Benefactions towards the maintaining the Orphan House &
paying the Debts which I was necessitated to make in raising up the
House and out Houses & for other necessary Expence in the Beginning it
would redound to many good uses of my Congreation & other people Genl.
Oglethorpe wss so generous as to send to our Place, beeides the Cow
herds some other Dutch Servants which are imployed partly in the Service
of the Orphan House partly of the Saltzburghers, who will be willing in
time, when they have made Sufficient Provisions for their own Subsis
tence to pay some Interest in Grain for them to the Orphan House for
wch. great Benefit depending of the Trustees as well as of the General.
I retvun them most humble Thanks.
HB a i/hereas our Saltzburghers Know now by Experience of five Yrs. what
wholesome fruitfulls. for Industrious people very Convenient & Profit
able Climate this Country is in which we live by the wonderful Provi
dence of God, they have taken the Liberty to intreat the Genl, in a
Letter to joyn with the Honourable Trustees in sending over from
Germany to Georgia another Transport of Saltzburghers & to allow them
the same Encourpgemts. which the first Comers had by the Free Gift &
Benevolence of them They have wrote to their Brethren likevjise in
Germany & acquainted them with their being Settled comfortably, who
will be without doubt quickly ready for being conducted hither if the
Eevd. Mr. Senior Urlsperger At Augsburg should be irapowered again to
156 (403)
gather a fourth Transport and when they are hrought hither to Ehenezer
h they will he here as well satisfyed as we are having not the least
reason to maJce any Complaint about the Hot Season of the Country being
not so very hot as idle and delicate people endeavour to perswade
themselves & others and for that unreasonable Eee.son would like it
mighty (404) well rather to imploy Negroes in their work than white
European people. As the Saltzburghers have beseeched Genl. Oglethorpe,
a so I take this Freedom to beseech the Honorble, Trustees not to allow
any Negroe Men or Vvomen to be carried to, and inployed at our Place or
Neighbourhood seeing tiiat the Consequences of it would be very bad &
b the Ruin of Poor Labourers. TiJhite People if Industrious & iasiaL desirous
to follow the Direction of God Gen; 111:19 are capable enough to plant
here every Country Grain without hurting their Health in the summer
Season of which is Witness my whole Congregation. I am told that People
c in the Colony are endeavouring to get Liberty from the Trustees to sell
their Land to whom they please which if it Should happen to be granted
would be of very unhappy Effect in mj'- Congregation, seeing that bad
people being kept under Strict Care & Discipline, would in spite of
Ministers end their Neighbours sell their Land for a trifle & ve
^ would have our Ebenezer filled with People, troublesome & Oppressive
to the Poor I doubt not but the Honoura-ble Trusteee according to their
Wisdom & tender Care for the Welfare of poor distressed but Honest and
industrious People will go on in their prizev;orthy Zeal in aiming at the
true W'elfare of the Common & not Patronize the Private lat. of Some
Persons, who Endeavour commonly to promote their private Int. by poor
Peoples Loss & Detriment.
157 (^04)
I beg the favour of You to present to the Honourshle the
Trustees the most humble Eespect of mine my Fellow Labourers & of the
Congregation, which you would be pleased to accept of.
(406) Andrew Grant & Will Sterling Esqr.
Savannah 26 M^y I739
May it please yr. Honours
We having obtained from you. Grants for several tracts of land
in the Colony of Georgia in America, in Order to tahe Possession of
them, we Embarked for that Province, and upon our Arrival here,
which was about the begining of June 173^ applyed to Mr. Thomas
Causton your Honours Agent in this Place, Showed him our Grants and
required Possession of our Lands in some Convenient Situation near the
Town: Mr. Ca.uston acqijainted us that it was not in his Power to Conply
with his demands; Mr. Oglethorpe having left Instructions with him,
v/hen he set out for England, tba.t in Case we Came to the Colony, it vjas
his pleasure v;e Should settle thirty Miles up the Ogechee River, which
is distant Seventy Miles from the Tovm of Savannah, and was then fifty
Miles to the southward of any settlement in the Province. It was no
Small Surprise to us, to be placed at So great a distance from the
Township, when there v^as so much Vacant Land rorind it; However we Complyed so far with the Instructions above mentioned, that we went to the
Place appointed, and took up one Tract of five hundred Acres and put
our servants to work on the same, rintill such time a.s we Could have the
158 (4063
rest of our lends, in some more egreesble Situation; Accordingly we
begen to Clesr and Plent, with all the ^ains. Care and Industry tiiat we
was Cg.pa'ble of, and made such Progress therein, that we may venture to
Say few in the Colony has gone beyond us; but to our great discoirrsgement we tx found all our toil and Charge was to no purpose, so yt.
before we Could have Possession of the other tracts of Land we was
intitled too, the impossibility of doing with white Servants only, was
so evident to us, that instead of making any Improvements on them. We
(40?) Intirely left off Planting at Ogechee, For in place of repaying
us, the money, laboui, and time laid out on it, cjir servants did not
get even bread kind to themselves, far less Cloathes and other necessarys. And that your Honours might have a distinct ^ View of the
Charge we have been B,t, Inclosed is an Acct. of the money it cost us
in settling the above mentioned Plantation on the River Ogechee, and
likewise the Returns we have had from the same, by which it appears we
are losers by that Plantation nine hundred and Six poiinds two Shillings
and nine pence halfpenny Sterling for our Servts. only; Besides what our
Personal Ezpence amotuits too, vrhich if added would encrease the Ballance
considerally. Every Article in the Accoiont is charged el the lowest
Rates, to prevent any objection that might arise, and likewise that your
Honrs, may see the inroossibility of Settling lands here a.ccording to
the present Establishment,
Another hardship we labour under is the bad titles we have to
our lend, for after we had cleared a tract of land, and made improve
ments as aforesaid, and found it would not answer our Expectation, we
offerd the same to sale, if possible to recover some part of what we
159 (^07)
Ipld out, "but we could find no Person who would give the least Con
sideration or Any vslue for it, upon the present iaaaoniKx tenour,
We must at the same time acquaint your honours that all the
money eaqpended hy us as above mentioned, was our own not having got
the least assistance from yr. Honrs. Agent or Store keeper here, but
on the Contrary he told thal his particular Orders from you v;as, not
to give us the Smallest Credit or allowance. So that we was obliged to
Lodge in your Honrs. Store, goods to the Value of two hundred pounds
Sterling before Mr. Cans ton would give us forty Shilling v/orth of Pro
visions, and there was none to be bought in the Colony besides.
All these particulars Considerd we hope it will be allowed that
we have just reason to Coiaplain and apply for redress; and we cant help
thinking (4o8) that the benign disposition of the Honourable Trustees
for Establishing the Colony of Georgia, will certainly Incline them,
to give Relief to people who have ruined themselves by improveing their
lands Conform to the present Consitution; and as you are so Conspicuous
in Britain for your grea.t Care in relieving the Miserable and distrest.
We hope you will extend the same benevolent Spirit to the Opprest
Inliabitsnts of this Province, by removeing the Greivances they now
labour under
We are with great Regard
Yr. Honrs, most Obedt. St humble servants
And; Grant
Georgia Savannah 26 May
1739 Wm. Stirling
To The Honble. the Trustees
Por Sstablishing the Colony of Georgia in America.
An AccoTint of Moffesr Escpended "by Willism Stirling and Andrew G-rsnt in Settleing their Plantation
on ye Eiver Ogechee in Georgia, according to the Present Constitution of the Province; and
likewise the Returns they had from Said Plantation
Dr* PlanSterling
fo ye Enlisting of twenty five Servants & their Maintainance in Britain . $0 - -
To ye Passage of 25 Servants, at 5 i head.125 *
Do ye maintainance of sd. Servants for 2 Years & 6 Months at ye Rate
of a poTind of meat, and a pound of Bread Diem end a q'uart of
Mollasses to each servant.41514 7|-
To the Cloathing of Sd, Servants for ye above time at ye Rate of 4
Osnahurgh Shirts, 2 pair Trowsers, One hat, a Cap, 4 pair of Shoes,
a Cloth Jacket & Breeches, one blanket and a Pair of Indian Boots
yearly to each Servant. 210 8 4
To Plantation tools & Rails Ac,. 70 4
To Smiths Work, as John Wests Bill.2016 7
To the Expence of Medicines & Attendance for sd. servants. 100 7 3
To Carpenters Wages and other Charges in providing a parcell of lumber
sold to the Honble. the Trustees.. 24-
To Boats and Periaguas hire and other Carriages to and from the said
Plantation during the above time.2810
To Servants Wages. 30 -
1075 - 9i
L 1075 - 9i
Besides the above ballance of nine htindred and Six pounds two
shillings and nine pence half peny, there is Sundry other Articles which we have
not charged. Such as our own Passage from Rritain, Our Personal CRmrge for the
above mentioned time, refreshments for our Servts. when Sick Ac, All which will
amotint to upwards of five hiindred pounds Sterling more
And; Grant
Wm. Stirling
159t (412)
By four hundred & forty nine Bushells of Corn at 3 S .
By two hundred & ninty two Bushells Potatoes at 1 S 6
By fifty thousend Shingles at 12 S
By iTamher sold to the Honhle. the Trustees.
21 18
168 18
Ballance due By the Plantation 906 2 9|
IT.B. A Copy of the above we delivered to his Excellency James Oglethorpe
Esqr. Upon reading the same over, he said, he was very Sorry for us, hut
his hands were So hound up, that he could not help us; which was all the
return he made
160 (no nvunber - inserted loosely
in Voliune 14203)
Mr. Hugh Anderson's letter to Grenl. Oglethorpe, wrote to him from
Savannah 6 Janj'. 173^/9
Come to EC'' hands 22 Jiily 1741
To The Honourahle James Oglethorpe Esqr.
General and Commander in Chief over all
His Majestys Eorces in South Carolina and
Georgia, &ca., at Frederica.
It is the Common Misfo^t^lne of all who Act in the Higher Stations
of Life, to he Surrounded v;ith Flatterers, who consult rather the
Humours, Passions and Prejudices of their Patrons, than their Honour
and Interest; This should induce every person in such Sta,tion, who
regards his own Honour, Interest or Fame, to lend an open and attentive
Ear to Truth, in whatever shape or from whatever hand delivered. I v/ho
use this freedom v;ith yoxir Excellency, being an anonymous Author, have
no other Byass, Motive, or Interest in Tiew, further than as I am a
Member of the Colony, and a Well wisher to the Happiness of Society,
unless a real end Sincere Hegard to your Honour and Welfare, and an
Earnest Desire to restore you to that quiet of mind and the How Sus
pended Affections of the People, which the present State of affairs
must necessarily deprive you of; It is not therefore of Consequence to
enquire who writes, hut what is wrote; I am. Sir, a Plain-Dealer, and
shall with the greatest P.espect, use you with more Sincerity than
Ceremony; and if my Arguments can attain the desired Effect, you will
I doubt not, think me your and the Colonys real Friend. When a Slcilfull
I6l (no number)
Physician would relieve his Patient of a. Disease, he traces it from
the Begining, and Examines the Sources and Progress of it, in Order
that by finding out the Cause, he may the more certainly apply a
Eemedy; In the Body Politick the Same Process is necessary to Effect a
Cure, The present languishing and almost desperate Condition of the
Affairs of this Province, is too obvious to your Excellency to need a
Description. Be pleased then laying aside Prepossession and prejudice,
to retire unto yo\ar Self, and Examine impartially whence the present
Misfortunes take Rise; In Order to which, let me present your Excellency
with a View of the Rations Designs in Establishing this Colony; and
indeed they were and are nothing unsuitable to a British or Roman
Spirit; to wit. The Establishing a Strong and n^unsrous Settlement as a
Barrier and Safeguard of British America; To Employ those persons in
Effecting this end who were least usefull at home, and others v;ho from
the Reasonableness of the Proposals, should should voluntarily prefer
their Service: To restore Liberty and Happiness to those who, oppressed
by the Common Misfortunes of mankind were groaning under the Consetiuences
of those misfortxmes, and incapable to serve themselves or Country at
home; And lastly to set afoot such New Manufactures as might be most
usefull to Support the Colony, or tend to rectifye the Ballance of Trade
of Great Britain with Neighbouring Nations. A Design tiruly great,
founded on the Justest Policy, and practicable. To Suggest that any
low Private Design was ever laid down, that might tend to make the
Adventurers Slaves, or, at best. Tenants at will; or tha,t it was a
Concert to leave the Industry and Substance of the Settlers esroosed to
Satisfy the Ambition or Covetousness of an after Governor, or any
162 (no number)
particular Courtier or Party; or to imagine that the Honourable Board
of Trustees, or any of them could be Capable of such a Concert; I say,
Sir, that such a thought were in^jious. ha.t Wonder then if numbers of
persons, encouraged by his Majestys most ar^jle Eights and Pr-ivileges
granted in his Eoyal Charter to the Honourable Trustees, for the Behalf
of the Inhabitants; from the Beautifull Description of the Fertility
of the Soil and Hap|)iness of the Climate; and lastly, from a View that
Mr. Oglethorpe, a Gentleman of the Greatest humanity and Generosity,
was willing to Sacrifice his Ease, and all those pleasures and En:^oy
ments which his easy Circumstances of Life intitied him to, in Order to
be the Patron and Father of the Distressd, and the distinguish'd
Friend of his Country, Society and E^lmane Nature; I say. Sir, no Wonder
if numbers, upon those Views, embarked their Persona, Families and
Fates in such an Adventure. Shall any thing then intervene to render
such a Noble design abortive, and Fustrate those of their Expected
happiness, or your Excellency of your deserved Honour? God forbidJ
This Colony consists of two Sorts of people; either those whom the
Publick sent over and Supported, or Volunteers, who were not burthensome to the Publick; both now I look upon in the Same light; As either
party have exhausted their Support or Private Stocks, in Endeavouring
to prosecute their Intended plan; but it Shall Suffice for my Argument,
that so many of each kind have applied themselves to this purpose, as
are Sufficient to to confirm the Experiment, that it is impossible for
us with British or Foreign Servants, to afford the lowest Necessaries
of Life, much less to increase our Stocks, or defray the maiQ^ Exigencies
and disappointments that this Soil and Climate ere inevitably exposed
163 (no number)
to; This I take to he granted; and would to God the Success of the
Colony depended on the laying the most Satisfying proof of itl Aad as
for Persons who, from Selfish Views ha.ve imposed upon the Credulity of
the Honourable Trustees, hy r^resenting Things in Colours distant from
Truth, It were Superfluous to Curse then. I do not say, hut in time
Manufactures may he founded more Suitable to the Strength and Constitu
tion of British Servants, tha,t might Support and enrich the Colony; I
heartily pray for that happy period; and should then Condemn and dissent
from any who vjould not he content with the present Regulation; hut as in
the Interim Production of ITecessaries is absolutely exquisite, end under
the present Establishment impracticable; it follows of Course, that
either the Scheme must he altered, or the Design abandoned: At the first
it was a Trial, now it is an Ejqperiment; and certainly no manji? or
Society need he ashamed to omi, that from unforeseen Emergencies their
Hypothesis did misgive; and no Person of Judgment would censure for want
of Success where the Proposal was probable; but all the World would
Exclaim against that person or Society who, thro mistaken Hotions of
Honour or Positiveness of Temper, would persist in pushing an Experiment
contrary to all probability, to the Ruin of the Adventurers.
How many methods may be found out by the Wisdom of the Trustees,
for Remedying this Inconvenience I know not; One only Occutrs to me,
which is the Admitting a Certain number of Hegroes, Sufficient to ease
the white Servants from those Labours that are most fatal to a British
Constitution; I am very sensible of the Inconveniencies of an un
limited use of them in a frontier Colony; but am as Sensible, that those
Inconveniencies may be prevented by prudent Regulations; and their
164 (no number)
Admission for executing the more laborious Parts of Culture, made the
means to attract Numbers of ^iTiite servts. who would otherwise fly the
Place as a Purgatory or Charnel-hotise. If our Labours and toil is not
capable of producing mere Necessaries by Cultivation of Land, much less
by trade: For as all the Neighbooring Colonys, by reason of their
Negroes, prosecute all Branches of it at a Sixth part of the Expence we
can; they vfould for ever preclude tisj^ of any Benefit therefrom. And
Supposing, what cannot be admitted, that the Nation woTild consent to
give a perpetual Fund for mahing up all those Deficiencies, What Benefit
could ever Accrue to the Nation? or what to the Settlers but a present
Bare Sustenance? and what the Certain Consequence but the Bequeathing
a numerous Legacy of Orphans to the Care of Providence, Since no period
of time can be affixed when such a Support would enable us to provide
for our SelvesJ
A Second Season which disables us to improve either hy Land or
Trade, is our want of Credit; You know very well, that both the Mer
cantile and Mechanick part of Mankind, live more by Credit than Stock;
And the Man who ha.s a probable Scheme of improving Credit, is naturally
entitled to it: As we have no Stock further to dispence, either in
Cultivation or Trade, we are redticed to need the Siroport of Credit;
which the present Bestrictions of our Legal Eigpits and Titles to our
Land deprive \is off; It is true indeed the Trustees have assured us.
That those and other Restrictions are only Temporary and for the Welfare
of the first Settlement, untill a proper Body of L3\>^s, which was upon
the Carpet, Should be perfected; And I am far from disputing the
Reasonableness of that Resolution, while either the puhlick Support or
1d5 (no ntmoer)
private Stocks kept us from neediiig Credit; tut that no^f the Case is
alter'd, the Necessity of Eemoving those Eestrictions is arrived, to
preserve the Eemains of the Colony not yet dissolved, and far too late
for hundreds who necessity has dispersed in other Corners of the
World; This is a Truth, Sir, too otvious to need further Enlargement.
Hence it is clear, we can insist on demanding our Privileges as
British Subjects, from the Trustees Promises; Bit we likewise Claim
them as La.w, Justice end Propertj'-. Your Excellency was pleased, in the
Court-House of Savannah, to use a Comparison to Satisfy the Minds of the
people, of a Man who would lend his Horse hut not his Saddle, which one
refusing another accepted of: This, I humbly take it, no v/ays meets the
Case; The Kings Majesty was Owner both of horse and Saddle, of Lands
and Ei^ts, And gave us both in his Charter; We ask but what is there
given us. The Reliance on the Publick Eaith brou^t us to this Colony;
And to Endeavour to obviate or disappoint the Effects of those Promises
tempted us here, were to Justify the Decoying us to Misery, under
the Sanction of the Eoyal Authority, than \irhich nothing could be more
injurious to the Fountain of Honour. I shall Suppose, that were full
and ample P-ights given, tha.t some Idle persons, who had no Judgment to
value or Inclination to improve their properties, no Affections for
their Families or Relations, might dispose of their Eights for a Glass
of Bum; but I absolutely deny, that the Colony could lose by such an
Exchange; I own such persons were much Safer if bound than at Liberty;
but where the Affection of the Parent and the Reason of the Man die, the
person is a fitter Inhabitant for Moorfields than Georgia., I must notice
further, Tliat not only are Parents incapable, for want of Credit, to
166 (no number)
provide for themselves, being necessitated to dispose of their servants
for want of Provisions; but if they could, only their Eldest Son could,
reap the Benefit, their Younger younger ChildJ^en, however numerous, are
left to be fed by him, who feeds the Eavens; and if they have no Chil
dren, their Labour and Substance descend.s to Strangers; Kov;, Sir, could
you, or Indeed any Pree-born Spirit, brook such a Tenor? Are not our
Younger Children and Laughters equally entitled to our Bowels and Affec
tions? and does humane xai nature end with our first Born, and not
extend it self to the rest of our Progeny and more distant Eelations?
pnri is it not inverting the Order of nature, that the Eldest Son should
not only enjoy a double Portion, but exclude all the younger Children?
and having an Interest iaiBsiESCisH Independant of the Parents, how naturall is it he should withdraw the Obedience and Subjection which pro
ceeds from Paternal Authority and Pilis,! Dependence?
The Trustees are but a Channel to Convey us to the Kings Eights,
and can not in Law or Equity, and, I dare say, will not abridge those
Can We Suppose that we are Singled out for a State of Misery and
Servitude, and that so many Honourable Personages are Instruments of it?
far be the thoughts from usi The Genius of the British ITation, So
remarkably zealous for Liberty and the Ei^ts of mankind, will never
Suffer British Subjects, who have not fled their Country for Crimes, but
voluntarily profferd their Service, and risqued their All, upon the
Confidence of the Publick Faith and the Trustees Honour, to accomplish
a Settlement upon the most dangerous Point of his Majestys Dominions;
I say it will never allow such to be deprived of Publick Promises or
16? (p-o nuEiber)
the natural Liberties of British Subjects. As we are on a Frontier,
where our Lives and Fortunes may more frequently come into dispute than
other Peoples; our Privileges and Supports should be proportionably
Greater; for who will venture his life to Secure no Property, or Fight
to Secure to himself Poverty and Misery; and no doubt our C-unning and
Vigilant Adversaries, The French and Spaniard.E, would know how to make
their own Advantage: The Eing has been very Gracious, and your Endeavours
generous and usefiill, in procuring a Pegiinent for our Protection; but
iet me add a Truth equally certain, that only the Flourishing of the
Colony can Support that Eegiment; and not only the Support of the
Soldiers, but your own Honour, Glory and Reputation are Intermixed with
the Fale of the Colony, and must stand or fall with it.
To come closer to the Point/, please to Consider the Consequences
of Refusing the Representation of the Colony, whereof your Excellency
as one of the Honble. Board will be furnished with a Copy, and ho\ir these
Consequences may affect the Colony, Tlie Hgtion, The Trustees, the
Military Establishment in this Province, The Indians, and 'four Excel
As to the Colony, the deferring hitherto the necessary Relief,
lias alreadj!- too tragically affected it, by dispersing a great part of
the Inhabitants; Tlie Remainder in a Languishing Condition, Supported
more with faint hopes and a continued Reliance on the Honour of the
Ration and Trustees, than Victuals; while Want and Meager Famine guard
the Eoor of many, and render them equally incapable to Stay or go: The
Town so Beautifully Situated to the Honour of the Contriver, bearing
the most visible Signs of Decay and Mortality before it is fully born;
l68 (no nxuriber)
anfl the once Cultivated Plsntetions nov/ overgrown with V