Structural and electronic properties of Hydrogenated Graphene, 2011

Collection:
Atlanta University and Clark Atlanta University Theses and Dissertations
Title:
Structural and electronic properties of Hydrogenated Graphene, 2011
Creator:
Samarakoom, Duminda K
Contributor to Resource:
Wang, Xiao-Oian
Williams, Michael D.
Musin, Ryza
Date of Original:
2011-05-01
Subject:
Degrees, Academic
Dissertations, Academic
Location:
United States, Georgia, Fulton County, Atlanta, 33.749, -84.38798
Medium:
dissertations
theses
Type:
Text
Format:
application/pdf
Description:
Degree Type: thesis
Degree Name: Master of Science (MS)
Date of Degree: 2011
Granting Institution: Clark Atlanta University
Department/ School: School of Arts and Sciences, Physics
Graphane is a two-dimensional system consisting of a single planar layer of fully saturated carbon atoms, which has recently been realized experimentally through hydrogenation of graphene membranes. We have studied the stability of chair, boat, and twist-boat graphane structures using first-principles density functional calculations. Our results indicate that locally stable twist-boat membranes significantly contribute to the experimentally observed lattice contraction. The band gaps of graphane nanoribbons decrease monotonically with the increase of the ribbon width and are insensitive to the edge structure. We also have studied the electronic structural characteristics in a hydrogenated bilayer graphene under a perpendicular electric bias. The bias voltage applied between the two hydrogenated graphene layers allows continuously tuning the band gap and leads a transition from semiconducting to metallic state. Desorption of hydrogen from one layer in the chair conformation yields a ferromagnetic semiconductor with tunable band gap.
Metadata URL:
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12322/cau.td:2011_samarakoon_duminda_k
Language:
eng
Holding Institution:
Clark Atlanta University
Rights:
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