Muscadine Grape Skin Extract Induces an Unfolded Protein Response-Mediated Autophagy in Prostate Cancer Cells: A TMTBased Quantitative Proteomic Analysis

Collection:
Clark Atlanta University Faculty Publications
Title:
Muscadine Grape Skin Extract Induces an Unfolded Protein Response-Mediated Autophagy in Prostate Cancer Cells: A TMTBased Quantitative Proteomic Analysis
Creator:
Burton, Liza J.
Mariela, Mariela
Hawsawi, Ohuod
Zou, Jin
Hudson, Tamaro
Wang, Guangd
Zhang, Qiang
Cubano, Luis
Boukli, Nawa
Odero-Marah, Valerie
Date of Original:
2016-10-18
Subject:
African Americans--Education (Higher)--Georgia
Clark Atlanta University
Location:
United States, Georgia, Fulton County, Atlanta, 33.749, -84.38798
Medium:
articles
Type:
Text
Format:
application/pdf
Description:
Abstract: Muscadine grape skin extract (MSKE) is derived from muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia), a common red grape used to produce red wine. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress activates the unfolded protein response (UPR) that serves as a survival mechanism to relieve ER stress and restore ER homeostasis. However, when persistent, ER stress can alter the cytoprotective functions of the UPR to promote autophagy and cell death. Although MSKE has been documented to induce apoptosis, it has not been linked to ER stress/UPR/autophagy. We hypothesized that MSKE may induce a severe ER stress response-mediated autophagy leading to apoptosis. As a model, we treated C4-2 prostate cancer cells with MSKE and performed a quantitative Tandem Mass Tag Isobaric Labeling proteomic analysis. ER stress response, autophagy and apoptosis were analyzed by western blot, acridine orange and TUNEL/Annexin V staining, respectively. Quantitative proteomics analysis indicated that ER stress response proteins, such as GRP78 were greatly elevated following treatment with MSKE. The up-regulation of pro-apoptotic markers PARP, caspase-12, cleaved caspase-3, -7, BAX and down-regulation of anti-apoptotic marker BCL2 was confirmed by Western blot analysis and apoptosis was visualized by increased TUNEL/ Annexin V staining upon MSKE treatment. Moreover, increased acridine orange, and LC3B staining was detected in MSKE-treated cells, suggesting an ER stress/autophagy response. Finally, MSKE-mediated autophagy and apoptosis was antagonized by co-treatment with chloroquine, an autophagy inhibitor. Our results indicate that MSKE can elicit an UPR that can eventually lead to apoptosis in prostate cancer cells.
Source: PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0164115 October 18, 2016
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164115
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164115
Metadata URL:
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12322/cau.ir:2016_burton_lize
Language:
eng
Original Collection:
Clark Atlanta University Faculty Publications
Holding Institution:
Clark Atlanta University
Rights:

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