Southern Highlander, 1960 March, Volume 47, Issue 1

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The Southern Highlander Issue




The Berry Schools were founded in 1902 by Miss Martha Berry.

William McChesney Martin, Jr. chairman
John A. Sibley vice chairman
Dr. Harmon Caldwell; Mrs. Virginia Campbell Courts; J. Battle Hall; Mrs. Inez Henry; Nelson Macy, Jr.; G. Lamar Westcott; and R. W. Woodruff.
.The Berry Schools Bulletin
is published six times yearly--once in March, twice in April, once in June, once in September and once in December-- by The Berry Schools, Inc., Mount Berry, Georgia. Second-class mail privileges authorized at Mount Berry, Georgia, under the Act of August 24, 1912, as amended.

OUR FUTURE IS NOW .. Page 3 President Bertrand looks at Berry at the beginning of a new decade.
The light on the mountains shone for Pauline Philman and still shines.
Founder's Day Address by Arch L. MacNair
By Robert C. Whitford Academic Dean
EASTER . Page 12 A Hope, a Promise By Inez Henry

The Southern Highlander takes pride in pre senting Miss Pauline Philman. "A Girl, A Dream" tells about the accomplishments of this remarkable young woman. Miss Phil man is the first Berry graduate to win a Rotary Foundation fellowship.
Printed by students at The Berrv Schools Press

Our Future Is Now

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John R. Bertrand President
The Berry Schools
"DECENTLY Berry observed Founder's Day. It recalled the courageous be ginnings of the institution that bears the founder's name. A respected
graduate, the Rev. Arch L. MacNair, of Montgomery, Ala., paid tribute to the founding and to the heroic struggles of the early years.
It was fitting that the observance of Founder's Day came at the beginning of another decade in the progress of Berry, a decade that offers greater oppor tunities perhaps, than ever, for service, demands more in concentrated effort, and promises greater rewards for sacrifice.
Berry graduates are recognized for their worth, and for the sound edu cation and training they have received. In education, business, in graduate school they reflect the discipline of study, work and religious training on this campus. Pauline Philman's Rotary Foundation fellowship is tangible evidence that Berry's program of educating the head, the heart, the hand, is sound. Be cause Berry College touched her life Pauline is going into greater spheres of service and leadership.
Martha Berry sought as she worked and dreamed, another Lincoln. Today the world needs Lincolns, Einsteins, Conants, Schweitzers. Among the young men and women of Berry could well be some of the great leaders in science, education, government and Christian thought. The young person struggling through school against financial odds, who sees ahead of him a road barren of opportunity might become the one for whom the nation longs if he had the start Berry could give him.
We cannot, we dare not wait for the Lincoln, the Conant, to come to Berry. We must do our utmost to provide an education and an inspiration to those who already are on campus. For who knows? Maybe that future leader is here now, laying the foundation to a great career of service.

It is that urgency of now that has impelled Berry from the beginning. We must maintain that awareness of the present even while we are looking forward. Tomorrow may be too late to reach the young man or woman we need to reach, who needs the Berry touch.
It is this urgency that has brought help from friends in the past. Men and women who were friends of Martha Berry believed in her and her dream, and because they believed they be came steadfast supporters of the school. This same urgency, nearly two decades after Martha Berry's passing, is bring ing your support today. You remember the glorious history of achievement that brought opportunity to those who were almost without hope; you are familar with the story of courage and

determination that brought a dream to fruition, and you know that on this campus the ideals of Berry are filling the spirit of her graduates, and over flowing on the world-
Martha Berry gave her life and in vested her fortune in futures, the fu tures of young men and women. Her friends pooled their investments, like wise. Through the years as Berry has grown, the investment has grown great er.
It is not an investment in bricks and stones. It is an investment in men and women. It is an investment that has no diminishing return. The invest ment of friends--your investment-- is the soundest anybody can make. It is an investment in character, in youth, in life. Your dividends are end less.

Berry Senior Wins Honors

T ARRY McRAE, senior student at
Berry College has won high re-
cognition for his scholastic attainments. Larry has received notification that he is the winner of a Woodrow Wilson Foundation fellowship, and also, that he has won a National Defense fel lowship.
This is the first time in the history of Berry College that a student has won either a Woodrow Wilson Foundation fellowship, or a National Defense fel lowship. For one student to win both makes his achievement the more out standing.
Since Larry can accept only one of the honors, his advisers say he prob ably will take the National Defense fellowship, since it will provide three years of continuous study toward a doctorate. The Woodrow Wilson Foun dation fellowship will pay Larry $1500 for one year of study, while the National Defense fellowship will pay him $2000 the first year, $2200 the

second year, and $2400 the third year f graduate study,
Larry McRae

Page 4


A Farm Girl's Dream Come True
The light on the Mountains Shone for Pauline Philman and Still Shines.

T>ERRY College again has won recognition for its academic program through

the achievement of one of her graduates.

Pauline Philman, a graduate with the class of 1959 has received a Rotary

Foundation fellowship, granting her a year of study in a foreign country of her

choice. The monetary value of the fellowship will amount to more than $2600.

Aside from winning the fellowship with the attached financial value, the distinction is a high honor both to Miss Philman and Berry College. Only one hundred twenty-one fellowships were granted in the entire world. Recipients this year come from twenty-seven coun tries.
Students who received the Rotary fellowship grants are particularly for tunate because they have an opportu nity for informal study in the countries they select, in addition to the university

of immigration that have taken place. She will find the descendants of the first Dutch immigrants, whose ancestors have been in South Africa for more than 300 years, British, who comprised the second wave, East Indians who were imported a century ago as a labor force, and Negroes who were forced south by the need of land and food. The original population of natives has all but disappeared, swallowed up in the migrations, or forced into outlying regions.

program they follow. Because there are more than 10,000 Rotary clubs throughout the world the students come

Miss Philman will find a country on the move, like the United States in many ways. It has its own schools,

in direct contact with Rotarians and their families wherever they are study

colleges and universities, and a heri tage of culture dating back at least two

ing. They attend Rotary club meet centuries.

ings, visit in homes and places of busi ness, and travel as much as possible during the school holidays. They see how the people in the host country live, and lay a foundation for increased world understanding. They bring back to their home country the ability to

Miss Philman has a background par ticularly suited for such an opportunity to study in South Africa. She is part of a generation that has a sense of social responsibility, a desire to make her life count for betterment of the world. That is not all.

interpret the country where they have studied-
Miss Philman selected South Africa for her country of study, and there she will find a great variety of social conditions, populations, and enterprises, many of them determined by the waves

Pauline is self-reliant, enterprising, energetic, high minded. She bubbles over with good humor, and spiritually, she goes out to meet everyone with whom she comes in contact. Her char acter shows in her accomplishments.
Continued on page 8

MARCH 1960

Page 5

The fine starjd of planted pulp and timber trees in the forest back of Mount Berry chapel presents a sad shambles of destruction.
This is the same planting from an other direction. Note the broken trees, turning the trunks into bare poles.
The lovely double line of trees leading from the Gate of Opportunity to the Administration building presented a
I sorry sight after the storm.
Many stately shade trees on the cam pus shared the fate of those shown in front of Mothers' Building and Reci tation Hall.

^JALAMITY in the form of the century's
worst ice storm wrought havoc on the Berry campus and in the Berry forests March 3. Economic loss to the commercial forests has been assessed at $625,000. Berry will feel the effects of this storm for years to come, as in come from pulp wood and saw timber will be curtailed by about $50,000 annually until new trees can be grown.
Aesthetic damages cannot be evaluated. Every view on the lovely campus is marred by broken, shattered trees. Recovery will not be complete for at least a quarter of a century.

Farm Girl's Dream
From, page 5
She is the eldest of 12 children, living on a small farm in northern Florida. Her mother died when she was a small child, and after her father's second marriage, Pauline watched over her younger sisters and brothers, helped with the housework, drove the tractor on the farm, and applied her almost unlimited energy and strength wher ever it was needed.
Pauline's father has suffered from asthma for several years. As a result he has been unable to carry on the farm operations by himself, especially dur ing dry and dusty weather. As a parttime money producing job he is an assistant mail carrier. That source of income is sorely needed sometimes, too, especially during a dry summer, or when prices of melons or tobacco are low.
Even though she knew she could be of help at home, Pauline's common sense told her she could be of inesti mably greater help if she had a college education. That was the time of her decision to come to Berry. By scrimp ing her parents provided her with enough money to pay for her uniforms, but from there on, Pauline was on her own. She arrived on campus on June 1, 1955, worked full-time during the summer to earn her tuition, and from that time on, she was a Berry product.
Although work was a necessity for her education, it was a minor consider ation so far as she was concerned. She had strength and spirit to do her main tenance work, her studies, and energy left over for extra curricular activities. She plunged into each one with whole hearted enthusiasm and by her high spirit and her infectious laugh, she made each activity a gay adventure.
She took part in many projects. She was a member of the Woman's Student Government; Young Women's Chris tian Association; Religious Education Club; Student National Education As sociation; Syrreb Literary Society;

Concert Choir, and worked on the
Mount Berry News. She assisted in
writing the constitution for the student government, served as program chair man of several organizations and planned many of the social events dur ing her college year. She was chosen for "Who's Who Among Students in American Universities and Colleges.''
One of the activities Pauline en joyed most was the Ballad Singers, of which she was a member. The Ballad Singers are a group of girls who, dress in the costumes their great grandmothers might have worn, sing the mountains songs of yesteryear. Wherever the Ballad Singers performed Pauline was called back again and again to render in her rich contralto the old favorites.
From what has been written one might gather that Pauline had an easy time, a carefree time, in college. Noth ing could be farther from the truth. Constantly she was beset by worries about the family at home, torn be tween what she knew was best in the long run, and what was immedi ately expedient. She accused herself of disloyalty to her brothers and sisters because she was devoting all her time and energy to herself. She thought of the many things she could be doing on the home farm, and wished she were there. In her best judgment, though, she knew that only by staying by her goal could she be of greatest help through the years.
So Pauline stayed. She was gradu ated in 1959 and accepted a teaching position in the Mandarin, Florida school. The Rotary Club of Trenton, Florida, recognized her ability, her accomplishments and her promise of great leadership and sponsored her for the Rotary Foundation fellowship Pauline Philman is another name in the long list of those who have gone out from Berry to reflect light on the name of the founder, and on the pro gram that has brought the Light upon the Mountains-

Page 8


The Marks of a
Great Woman
Founder's Day Address by a
Berry Graduate

Arch L. MacNair

PRESIDENT Bertrand, members of
the faculty, students and guests:
I am greatly honored to be the speaker on this memorable occasion in the life of The Berry Schools. Our imagi nations are stirred, our hearts warmed, and our visions lifted as we call to mind the rich heritage of The Berry Schools. Other institutions of learning may boast of longer histories and greater prestige but of none of them can it be said that they have blazed a path that is truly unique as can be said of these schools.
The mold of this school was cast in the heart and mind of Martha Berry before it came into reality. But dreams are powerful things with some people, and this was a dream that she would not let go. As a student at Berry I can well remember the times when this saintly woman would tell us in moving and emotional words the story of Berry. She told us about the moun tain children whom she would see with their parents, passing by the old plan

tation house, going to Rome. And then how, when she visited back in the lonely hills, she would talk to these children and learn from them that they had not a Sunday School. From this came into birth the log cabin where on each Sunday morning "The Sunday Lady of Possum Trot" gath ered her boys and girls for their weekly Bible lesson. The mark of this woman was that she could not stop once she got her heart and hands upon the life of these boys and girls. She saw in them what no other had ever seen, and she believed in them in a way in which no one else had ever believed. Nothing would do but that another step should and must be taken, a step which would lead to the educating of these under privileged children.
It is here that you see the first mark of her life. She loved people, and she must do something for them. No young man or woman ever entered into the schools without Martha Berry's feel ing that in a special sense they belonged

MARCH 1960

Page 9

to her. I remember so well the day
that Conson C. Wilson, a young lawyer
in Atlanta, and Mr. William Beyer,
Secretary of the Atlanta YMCA,
brought me through the Gate of Op
portunity, and a whole new world
opened out before my life. It was
several days before I got to see Martha Berry, but then that great moment came when she stopped me on the walk in front of Thomas Berry Hall, and asked me if I were happy at Berry. This was her fondest hope for all her students, and to this end she devoted her whole life. She saw in each one something extra, and in seeing that, she was able to take the most un promising and transform him into a person who believed in himself and believed that a high purpose in life was his destiny. Martha Berry did this with her love.
The second characteristic of Martha Berry was her willingness to sacrificeI suppose that no stronger appeal could be made to us this day than to know that someone has made a sacrifice on our behalf. Every one of us can say, "I have been sacrificed for, and my life is worth too much to throw away." On one of the buildings on this campus there is inscribed the scriptural verse which conveys the spirit of Martha Berry--"Not to be ministered unto, but to minister." Martha Berry was inscribing in stone what was first of all in her heart, and it was by this truth she wished her students to mea sure true greatness.
Another outstanding characteristic of Martha Berry was that she knew how to live with her advantages. This was one thing which made a tremendous difference in the great accomplish ments of her life. She knew how to live with her advantages, and that is why she put over the gate leading into the grounds of this institution, "The Gate of Opportunity."
Martha Berry felt that she had something that she must pass on.

Like Paul, the Apostle, she felt that she was debtor to all people. Her ad vantages she must share, and for this trait in her life we must forever be in debt.
Another strong mark of her char acter was that Martha Berry found life an exciting adventure. This spirit she fused into the life of her schools. From the smallest task to the biggest responsibility, life was an adventure. Berry's campus was an adventure in landscaping; her work program in com bination with classwork was an ad venture in practical education; and every building placed on these grounds was an adventure in beauty and dig nity.
I hope that all of you have been up to the House O'Dreams, have walked about that beautiful spot in a medita tive mood, and have tried to think ex actly what was the purpose of it- It takes but a moment or two for you to know, and in that deep knowing your hearts catch its spirit. On that hill you think of life reaching up, adventuring to higher grounds and to greater worlds. The House O'Dreams was a parable as well as a reality for Martha Berry. It was indeed a reality, for she went there and spent hours dreaming of the work that she was to do, but it was also a parable of the life she lived. Her life was reaching upward, and like the psalmist she was saying, "I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help". I want to challenge you to live up to that spirit which truly stands as a foundation to The Berry Schools. If we catch this spirit we have found for ourselves the secret of living.
Finally, Martha Berry lived a life of complete commitment to Christ Jesus her Lord. She placed her schools, her men and women, her boys and girls, her greatest treasures on this earth, on the altar, and wished for them to be used for the glory of God in the service of the King of Kings and the Lord of Lords.

Page 10


More Than a Word

By Robert C. Whitford, Academic Dean

A T the close of the first semester

of this academic year, 1959-1960,

thirty-one Berry College undergradu

ates were on the "Dean's List." Six

of this group were truly superior-"A"

students in all subjects.

Extreme excellence such as theirs

involves two achievements, conven

tional mastery of known material and

creative think

ing onward and

outward into

the as yet un


The differ

ence between

mere scholastic

adequacy and


arises from a

Dr. Whitiord.

difference of mental atti

tudes. A good student earns his place

on the Dean's List by accepting and

absorbing the data made available to

him by his textbooks or his professors

or his own experimental procedures

carried out according to prescription.

The superior student has some of the same sponge-like quality but he is a lively sponge rather than an inert one; he absorbs and recognizes his data and applies the results to his attempts to solve related problems. If the good "B" student asks a question, it is about a detail of a standardized process. The excellent student seriously questions

whether or not the established pro cedure is the right one or the best one. And if he accepts the rationed facts as facts and labors to acquire the re lated skills as the teacher teaches them,

he proceeds immediately to apply both knowledge and technique to his own attack upon the mass of his own ignor ance. He is a seeker whose road to happiness leads, or seems to lead, past "What?" and "How?" to the answer for the question "Why?"
If I give a student one hundred shin ing facts, like copper pennies, and ask him to return them on a final exami nation and he gives them back, ten stacks to ten, neat and orderly, for the ten questions on the test, he deserves his "A", no doubt, and his place on the "Dean's List." But I call him mere ly a good student, and I rejoice more heartily over the other student who gives back only ninety-five or ninetysix of my original bits of supposed fact but returns them with interest, re organizing what he knows, rearranging his facts in some unusual way to apply to the solution of a problem beyond the limits of the lecture he heard or the chapter he studied. He too deserves the superior grade or rating. And his originality, his rational independence merits the star of academic superiority.
An undergraduate student who is passable learns a quantity of bits of information. A good student learns the same things more thoroughly, perhaps, and with fewer inaccuracies, and he also acquires some skill in managing his acquired data, attacking and solv ing problems within the range of his experience. Your true scholastic su periority comes with using intellectual means and methods, as the astronauts use their formulated data and their acquired techniques, for shooting at the stars.

MARCH 1960

Page 11


A Hope, A Promise

Dear Friends of Berry: Your faces come before me as this Easter Greeting goes from the pen and
the heart of one who knows what you mean to Berry. Glimpses of en couraging words from your letters, generous gifts over the years come be fore me at this time when we are reminded of Christ who gave Himself.
Some of you have known Berry and have invested in young people here since the days when Berry was a simple log cabin, a crude white-washed schoolhouse, a clap-board dormitory with ten rooms housing the first boys who came as boarding students. Even then, to Martha Berry, it was the biggest thing in the world.
Others of you have known Berry a shorter time. All of you have come to be a genuine part of this place and of our lives. You have helped to bring the real significance of Easter to thousands of young people at Berry, who have learned here a deeper meaning of hope and faith, the spirit of Christ, the re surrection and the rebirth into fuller life. We hope that in some way each of you has been enriched by your share in making the dreams of these young people come true, by your faith in them and your knowledge of their Chris tian ideals.
With your help we shall continue to emphasize education of the head which is essential, education of the hand which is important and education of the heart which is supreme.
We need your continued support, your friendship and your prayers as we try to help young people to catch a vision of the risen Christ and to carry a mesage of light to the communities where they go.
Again, "I thank my God upon every remembrance of you."
Faithfully yours,

Inez Henry, Assistant to the President
Please accept my enclosed Easter Gift for Berry.



Street and number




Please make checks payable to The Berry Schools, Mount Berry, Georgia. Contributions can be U.S. income tax exempt in accordance with the federal law.