Synthesis, characterizaton, and effects of silver impregnated alumina on escherichia coli as a model for antimic Systhesis, characterization, and effects of silver impregnated alumina on escherichia coli as a model for antimicrobial control of gram-negative bacteria, 2010

Collection:
Atlanta University and Clark Atlanta University Theses and Dissertations
Title:
Synthesis, characterizaton, and effects of silver impregnated alumina on escherichia coli as a model for antimic Systhesis, characterization, and effects of silver impregnated alumina on escherichia coli as a model for antimicrobial control of gram-negative bacteria, 2010
Creator:
Cameron, Gemeia
Contributor to Resource:
Ananaba, Godwin
Abebe, Fisseha
Ibeanusi, Victor
Date of Original:
2010-07-01
Subject:
Degrees, Academic
Dissertations, Academic
Location:
United States, Georgia, Fulton County, Atlanta, 33.749, -84.38798
Medium:
dissertations
theses
Type:
Text
Format:
application/pdf
Description:
Degree Type: thesis
Degree Name: Master of Science (MS)
Date of Degree: 2010
Granting Institution: Clark Atlanta University
Department/ School: School of Arts and Sciences, Biology
The recognition of the anti-microbial activity of oligodynamic metals such as silver has been a basis for the development of many antimicrobial processes and products. More specifically, silver and silver salts have been widely employed, particularly in water disinfection. Nano-sized silver particles have numerous commercial applications, including disinfection of water, food processing and disinfection of healthcare equipment. In Escherichia coli, which are vulnerable to silver, it has been suggested that the lipopolysaccharides on their surface contain high affinity binding sites for divalent cations. It has been shown that silver interacts with the cell membranes of bacteria, which alters their mesosomal functions, such as their ability to aid DNA replication. The nature of the bactericidal activity of silver and even more specifically silver impregnated alumina, its mechanistic details, and properties that influence disinfection are poorly understood. However, we hypothesize that silver impregnated alumina is an effective antimicrobial agent that could be used to improve water quality. To study this hypothesis, E. coil was exposed to various concentrations of metallic silver, impregnated on the surface of alumina and silver impregnated aluminas effect in compromising bacterial cellular viability was determined. These studies reveal that E. coli exposure to concentrations of silver impregnated alumina results in decreased bacteria viability. Additionally, when calcination temperature and time are increased, a more effective catalyst is produced for antimicrobial activity. These studies also show that the silver impregnated alumina ability to kill bacteria is dose dependent, and that silver adsorption occurs upon contact with bacteria. Further, these studies show that silver is the active agent within the silver-alumina catalyst. Based upon this data, we believe that silver impregnated alumina is a more effective antimicrobial agent than silver nitrate solution.
Metadata URL:
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12322/cau.td:2010_cameron_gemeia
Language:
eng
Holding Institution:
Clark Atlanta University
Rights:
Rights Statement information

Locations