The AhR Ligand, TCDD, Regulates Androgen Receptor Activity Differently in Androgen-Sensitive versus Castration-Resistant Human Prostate Cancer Cells

Collection:
Clark Atlanta University Faculty Publications
Title:
The AhR Ligand, TCDD, Regulates Androgen Receptor Activity Differently in Androgen-Sensitive versus Castration-Resistant Human Prostate Cancer Cells
Creator:
Ghotbaddini, Maryam
Powell, Joann B.
Date of Original:
2015-07-06
Subject:
African Americans--Education (Higher)--Georgia
Clark Atlanta University
Location:
United States, Georgia, Fulton County, Atlanta, 33.749, -84.38798
Medium:
articles
Type:
Text
Format:
application/pdf
Description:
Abstract: The reported biological effects of TCDD include induction of drug metabolizing enzymes, wasting syndrome and tumor promotion. TCDD elicits most of its effects through binding the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). TCDD induced degradation of AhR has been widely reported and requires ubiquitination of the protein. The rapid depletion of AhR following TCDD activation serves as a mechanism to modulate AhR mediated gene induction. In addition to inducing AhR degradation, TCDD has been reported to induce degradation of hormone receptors. The studies reported here, evaluate the effect of TCDD exposure on androgen receptor (AR) expression and activity in androgen-sensitive LNCaP and castration-resistant C4-2 prostate cancer cells. Our results show that TCDD exposure does not induce AhR or AR degradation in C4-2 cells. However, both AhR and AR are degraded in LNCaP cells following TCDD exposure. In addition, TCDD enhances AR phosphorylation and induces expression of AR responsive genes in LNCaP cells. Our data reveals that TCDD effect on AR expression and activity differs in androgen-sensitive and castration-resistant prostate cancer cell models.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph120707506
Metadata URL:
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12322/cau.ir:2015_ghotbaddini_powell
Language:
eng
Original Collection:
Clark Atlanta University Faculty Publications
Holding Institution:
Clark Atlanta University
Rights:

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