Emergent Trends in the Reported Incidence of Prostate Cancer in Nigeria

Collection:
Clark Atlanta University Faculty Publications
Title:
Emergent Trends in the Reported Incidence of Prostate Cancer in Nigeria
Creator:
Ifere, Godwin O.
Abebe, Fisseha
Ananaba, Godwin A.
Date of Original:
2012-01-10
Subject:
African Americans--Education (Higher)--Georgia
Clark Atlanta University
Location:
United States, Georgia, Fulton County, Atlanta, 33.749, -84.38798
Medium:
articles
Type:
Text
Format:
application/pdf
Description:
Abstract: Background: To date there has not been any nationwide age-standardized incidence data reported for prostate cancer in Nigeria. We examined and integrated diverse trends in the age-specific incidence of prostate cancer into a comprehensive trend for Nigeria, and examined how best the existing data could generate a countrywide age-standardized incidence rate for the disease. Methods: Data were obtained from studies undertaken between 1970 and 2007 in referral hospital-based cancer registries. Records from at least one tertiary hospital in each of the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria were examined retrospectively. Data were also reported for the rural population in cross-sectional prospective studies. Age-standardized incidence rates and the annual incidence of disease were calculated. Results: Higher incidence rates for prostate cancer during this period were recorded for patients aged 6069 years and 7079 years, with a lower incidence rate for patients aged younger than 50 years. An exponential annual incidence rate of disease was observed in the 5079 year age group and peaked at 7079 years before dropping again at age 80 years. The results showed metastasis in more than half of these hospital-based prostate tumors. Conclusion: Our results suggest that prostate cancer occurs at a relatively young age in Nigerians and that hospital-based registry reports may not appropriately reflect the incidence of the disease in Nigeria. A countrywide screening program is urgently needed. Finally, the difference in reported stages of disease found in Nigerians and African-Americans versus Caucasians suggests biological differences in the prognosis. Nigeria may thus typify one of the ancestral populations that harbor inherited genes predisposing African-Americans to high-risk prostate cancer.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology
DOI: 10.2147/CLEP.S23536
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3266866/
Metadata URL:
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12322/cau.ir:2012_ifere_etal
Language:
eng
Original Collection:
Clark Atlanta University Faculty Publications
Holding Institution:
Clark Atlanta University
Rights:

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